|Paper||Rich County News|
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|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Rich County News|
Tta Fred R. Morgan, Publisher UTRM . . . RANDOLPH HAS HIGH PRAISE FOR SHAW Miss Annie Russell Declares Eccentrlo Author Is Really a Courteous IMPORTANT EVENT8 TOLD IN BRIEFEST MANNER POSSIBLE. how author-manager- s could torture the actor. I remember one who, when I remarked that I was afraid the horse and wagon he introduced In one scene would crowd the stage, said to me, There seems to be room sneeringly: here for jackasses. But 1 bad no cause to fear Mr. Shaw. AH through the rehearsals be was the most charming and courteous of men. I shall always remember his kindly, humorous eyes and his pleas- ant voice.. "He allowed the actor freedom of I have a letter In Interpretation. which he said to me: 'Fifty different actors will have 50 different ways of Interpreting the same part. Miss Russell told many stories of Mr. Shaws generosity. The managers, she said, "wanted to take ofT a play by some young fellow which wasn't a success, and substitute 'Major Barbara. But Mr. 8haw said: Oh, It's a shame to take off the young chaps play. How much will you lose by keeping It on? About 11,600 he was told. Let me write you a check for that amount he said, and keep the play on. New York Tribune. As Asinine Impressionist. An extraordinary hoax has been perpetrated at the expense of the Exhibition of the Artistes Independants, says the London Daily Mall. Among the works on view at this exhibition, which was solemnly Inaugurated by M. Dujardln-Beaumetthe under secretary of fine arts. Is one entered In the catalogue as The Setting Sun," by J. R. Boronall. According to a sworn statement the painting was executed In the well known cabaret of the Lapin Agile at Montemartre In tho following manner: A square of canvas was placed on a chair and a brush was tied to the end of a donkeys tail. The brush was then smeared alternately with blue, gTeen, yellow and red paint, and the animal. Its tall held by the artist, was backed up to the canvas. As the animal turned about, switching Its tail from side to side, a realistic horror resulted. When it was Judged to be sufficiently hideous "The Setting Sun was framed and signed. The authors of the hoax have Issued a manifesto In favor of a new school of painting, that of excesslvlsra. OF RECORD Gentleman. Miss Annie Russell of the New theater. standing against a background of artistic objects, in tbe beautiful rooms of the Womens Cosmopolitan club, told the members of the club that Bernard Shaw really wasnt the least bit of a bear. When I was going to rehearse in his play, Major Barbara, which was produced abroad she said, I simply had stage fright at the thought of encountering bis sharp tongue. I knew the former copper king, has finally been acquitted oi of the charges of misapplication National funds of the Mercantile bank of New York City, when he was president of the institution in 1907, and was also cleared of the charge of of checks. Frank Shelly, a contractor and lumberman of Santa Ana, Cala., is accused of pouring a quart of gasoline over his wife and setting it afire, causing her death. Skelly declares she was accidentally burned when the gasoline stove exploded. A sharp earthquake shock fright ened the people of San Bernardino, Cal., on May 12, many deserting their homes temporarily, although no damage was done. The grand Jury at Philodelphla has failed to indict Ferdinand Iohen, a hotel waiter, accused of kidnapping Roberta de Janon, aged 18, heiress to over a million dollars. A veidict of guilty was fonnd in the Caruso black hand case in' Brooklyn. The man on trial "was Antonio Mlsiana, accused of attempting to extort $15,000 from the famous tenor. Alma Kellner, kidnaped from Louisville, is reported fonnd at Grays, Knox county, Kentucky, with feypsy fortune tellers. Mrs. Albert Behr was run down by an automobile in Chicago, being completely decapitated. The accupants of the auto have so far escaped arrest The young son of Mr. and Mrs. John near Duquoin, Ills., Balne, residing fell dead from fright when the father attempted to punish him for a trifling F. Augustus Heinze, Rich County Hews THE Happenings That Are Making History Information Gathered from All Quarters of the Globe and Given In a Few Lines. INTER MOUNTAIN. the spectators of the Thompson-Sulllvaboxing contest at Saltalr, near Salt Lake City, were leaving the As n pavilion in which the fight was held, a portion of the floor gave way and a number of people were precipitated into the water. All were rescued without any fatalities, but eight weie badly bruised, and half strangled by the salt water, one man sustaining a broken leg. William Gohl, when found guilty at Montesano, Wash., of the murder of Charles Handberg, cursed the jury, ond declared that he was preparing to appeal the case. Chief Forester Henry S. Graves, according to a Seattle dispatch, declared that the policies of Gifford his predecessor In office, would be rigorously adhered to. The statement was made at a d nner given In Mr. Graves honor by the lumbermen of the northwest. of A car containing 28,000 pounds on a on set fire was spur dynamite track In North Salt Lake by a passing engine, the resulting explosion tearing a hole fifty feet wide and twenty feet deep, causing damage to three railroad companies estimated at Pin-cho- $9,000. Richard Quinn, a wife murderer, was hanged at Walla Walla, Wash., on Fr.day, May 13, was strangled to death, being suspended twenty-twminutes before life was to extinct, begging his executioners cut his body down and hang him over again. Indications are that the long continued war between the Amalgamated Copper company and former Senator W. A. Clark of Montana will come to an end witnin a few days by the transfer to the Amalgamated of the Clark copper properties In the Butte territory. Denver police have come to the conclusion that Genkyo Mttisunga, a Japanese, 23 years of age, was the murderer of Mrs. Aldgely Wilson, who was clubbed and choked to death in her home in Denver. who o offense. t WASHINGTON. When a powder magazine exploded near Loganspcrt, Ind., twenty people were injured, and one man is missing and is believed to have been blown to atoms. The battleship Florida, the biggest of the American dreadnaughts built thus far, was successfully launched at the Brooklyn navy yards on May 12, in the presence of the and a crowd of 50,000 enthusiasts. President Taft and Secretary Dickinson made addressed at the unveiling of statues of Pulaski and Kosciusko, In Wash.ngton on Wednesday. FOREIGN. Douglas Mawson, professor of geology at Sydney, Australia, who i3 now a In New York City, and who was member of the Shackleton south pole expedition, says that if Sir Ernest Shackleton will not head another expedition to the south pole, he will do so. As the result of an explosion in the Well'ngton coal mines at White Havlost their en, England, 137 miners lives, only four men being rescued alive from the mine, flames cutting off all hope of rescue of the imprisoned men. Theodore Roosevelt delivered a lecture on Thursday, on the topic, The DOMESTIC. Tbe state senate of Massachusetts, World Movement, at the University from the uniby a vote of 11 to 20, has killed the of Berlin, and received of Doctor the degree honorary versity on bouse resolution placing that state honrecord in favor of the election of of Philosophy. Emperor William United States senators by direct vote. ored the occasion with his presence. r After several years cruise in John D. Rockefeller, always popuCleveland cruisers the eastern waters, lar among the people of Tarrytown, sailed from ' N. Y., where he lives. Is adding to and Chattanooga have Neither Knew. home. Both on their way Shanghia A governor of a large town in that popularity this spring by his will be thoroughly overhauled after his friends fondness for and an after taking with Japan, spending evening some companions at a friends house, neighbors out driving. Not a pleasant their long foreign service. Three cruisers of the Fench navy was unable to find his carriage after day goes by without the oil king inthe party, and he had to walk home. viting some of them, men, women and will visit British Columbia and Puget Losing his way in the narrow, wind- children, to ride with him in automo- Sound ports In July. ing streets, he applied to a policeman bile or carriage, and It is safe to say Heavy earthquake shocks were felt to direct him. To his surprise the that the Invitations are seldom deat San Jose, Costa Rica, on Wednesman was unable to tell him, as he clined, for his vehicles are the best to day. Thousands of people are leaving was a stranger in the town. be had, and the drives around Tarry-tow- the city in alarm. Then show me the way to the govare beautiful. Mr. Rockefeller, A sham fight, in which 12,000 Gerernors residence, said the governor before starting for a ride, always dcn3 man soldiers of all arms took part, "I do not know where that is," the a paper vest, declaring it a great pro- occupied the attention of Colonel i policeman answered. tection against colds, and he insists Roosevelt and Emperor William for , What! exclaimed the gentleman, that his guests do the same. After several hours Wednesday morning. you do not know where the govern the ride he refuses to take back the the After five days operations, ar lives! I shall report you tomorrow. garments, and consequently in nearly Turkish troops, with a loss of 200 I am the governor. every home In Tarrytown may be killed or wounded, have cleared. 4,000 Well," retorted the policeman, if found a paper vest preserved as a Albanians out of Tchernolova pass, you do not know where you live your- souvenir of a delightful ride with, the near Prierand. The still insurgents self, how can you expect me to and Djakova. Ipek occupy know ? The construction and operation, of Eight high school students, and six girls, out of a party of a steam railroad in Hawaii by W. A. Longest Bridge. were drowned while boating Wall of Honolulu and others is auGreat Britain has the longest canti- twelve, on the big paper mill dam at Hunt- thorized in a bill which the territories lever bridge In the world, in the great one of the boats committee has ordered favorably reForth bridge across the Firth of Forth. ington Mills, Pa., leak and the tragedy ported to the house. The road is- to a having sprung Scotland. This bridge has two cantimiles long. lever spans of 1,710 feet. It was be- occurring when an attempt was made be sixty to to weeks strike of the coal its the transfer other six occupants The gun in 1883 and completed in 1890. miners at the collieries of the CanadThe total length of the five spans of boat. It is said that the total number of ian Consolidated Coal company at the Queensboro cantilever bridge is in an advance 3,724.5 feet On December 28, 1879, Jews In the United States is now not Frank. Canada, ended the Tay bridge, Scotland, was partly less than 16,000,000 and may reach a of wages for the men. Work was resumed in all mines on destroyed by a gale while an express total of 20,000,000. There are about Twelve hundred men are Wednesday. affected. train was passing over it. The train 1,000,000 Jews in New' York City, authorized William has the in 000 in and ISO, Emperor 100,000 Chicago, disappeared in the water; a gap of Kiel Yacht club to announce that he about 3,000 feet was made and 80 Philadelphia. a prize for American-Germalives were lost Imports from Germany during the would give sonderklasse yacht races, to be nine months ending March 31, 1910, 1911 under the same were larger than those for the corre- sailed off Kiel in Clung to Ancient Custom. conditions that prevailed in 1909. Although notice had been given sponding period of any other year in Word has reached Changsha, China, dethat the Chinese emperor had comthe history of this country's that riots have occurred at Y uen Chow', clared that the moon was not to be merce, amounting to $132,000,000. which is 225 miles from Changsha, and saved this year from the mouth of the The state department has begun neinland mission has been deHeavenly Dog, proclamations came gotiations with the government of that the stroyed. No details are given, as the as usual and the traditional ritual for Cuba to obtain permission lor raising telegraph wires have been cut. the saving of the moon was observed the wreck of the battleship Maine. Queen Alexandra has sent a touchin all the yamens. The populace does The two Arizona, train personal message to the nation, not bother Itself about this practice, robbers haveMaricopa, ing been captured. They written in unassuming style and rewhich is purely an official observance are two brothers, Ernest and Oscar similar Intimate messages and are evidently new at calling Victoria was in the habit of ad . Woodson, Queen Deserved Reproof. business. the hold-udressing to her people. Wife (sobbing) I loBt a lot of With ber face, throat, arms and Theodore Roosevelt and Emperor this week. at bridge money Husband (sternly) How often do body lacerated by the bites of two William held their first long conversabull dogs, Mrs. Mary Ryan, 72 years tion on Tuesday after luncheon at you want me to forbid you to drop of age, is reported dying in a Chicago Potsdam. out Standing apart from the With this gambling? you paying reached other guests,, they talked earnestly When neighbors hospital. this money, where would we be if I her one dog was tearing at the wom- together for more than an hour. The handt won at the last poker game? ans throat, while the fangs of the emperors welcome to the former presother were buried in her arm. His Specialty. ident was exceedingly cordial. Do you think Smith will make of The manslaughter charges George V was proclaimed king good time in his journey?' against Owen Moran and others, pre- throughout the empire on Monday with Smith will make good time any- ferred on account of the death of all the traditional ceremony of centurwhere. He is an experienced Tommy McCarthy, following a knock- ies. In Dublin the Ulster out blow struck by Moran in a glove read the proclamation in the presence at San Francisco, has been of Lord Aberdeen, lord lieutenant ol contest " t Trolovxt and T adv AhprrtAPtv dismissed. n two-boy- - n p king-at-arm- s MODERN CIVILIZATION IS ROOSEVELTS TOPIC Interesting Lecture on The World Movement 99 Delivered at the University of Berlin by the of the United States Ex-Preside- Berlin. Theodore Roosevelt appeared Thursday before an audience that tested the capacity of the aula at the University of Berlin, and delivered a lecture on The World He spoke in English and Movement was listened to with the deepest in- terest nt ly to what It la In England or the United States. So much for the geographical side of the expansion of modern civilization. But only a few of the many and intense activities of modern civilization have found their expression on this side. The movement has been just as striking In its conquest over natural forces. In Its searching Inquiry into and about the soul of things. Conquest Over Nature. Beginning with an eloquent eulogy The conquest over nature has included of the German race and its achievean extraordinary Increase In every form ments, the lecturer soon reached the of of the world we live In, and main theme of his discourse, and re- alsoknowledge an extraordinary Increase In the powviewed the civilization and culture, so er of utilizing forces of nature. In both far as we know them, of the earliest directions the advance has been very during the past four or five cenpeoples and their contributions to the great turies, and In both directions it has gone modern world. He then continued: on with ever Increasing rapidity during a little ever 400 years the last century. After the great age of At last, Rome bad passed, the boundaries of ago, the movement toward a world civilization took up its Interrupted march. The knowledge shrank, and In many cases it h our own times beginning of tho modern movement may was not until roughly be taken a synchronizing with that her domain was once again pushed the discovery of printing, and with that beyond the ancient landmarks. About the series of bold sea ventures which culmiyear 150 A. D. Ptolemy, the geographer, nated In the discovery of America; and published his map of central Africa and after these two epochal feats had begun the sources of the Nile, and this map was to produce their full effects In material more accurate than any which we had as late as 1850 A. D. More was known of and Intellectual life. It became Inevitable that civilization should thereafter differ physical science, and more of the truth not only in degree but even In kind from about the physical world was guessed at. In the days of Pliny, than was known or eH that had gone before. Immediately after the voyage of Columbus and Vasco guessed until the modern movement began. The case was the same as regards da Gama there began a tremendous remilitary science. At the close of the Midligious ferment; the awakening of Intellect went hand In hand with the moral dle Ages the weapons were what they bad always been sword, shield, bow, uprising: the great names of Copernicus, Bruno, Kepler, and Galileo show that the spear; and any Improvement In them waa more than offset by the loss In knowledge mind of man was breaking the fetters that had cramped It; and for the first of military organization, In the science of and In military leadership since the war, tlms experimentation was used as a checl Since days of Hannibal and Caesar. upon observation and theorization. A hundred years ago, when this unithen, century by century, the changes have Increased In rapidity and complexversity was founded, the methods of ity. and have attained their maximum in transportation did not differ In the esboth respects during the century just sentials from what they had been among the highly civilized nations of antiquity. past Instead of being directed by one or two Travelers and merchandise went by land dominant peoples, as was the case with In wheeled vehicles or on beasts of burall similar movements of the past the den, and by sea In boats propelled by sails or by oars; and news was conveyed new movement waa shared by many different nations. From every standpoint it as It always had been conveyed. A gradhas been of Infinitely greater moment uate of your university today can go to a or with far less conthan anything hitherto seen. Not In one but In many different peoples there has sciousness of performing a feat of note would have been the case a hundred been extraordinary growth in wealth, In than population. In power of organization, and years ago with a student who visited In mastery over mechanical activity and Sicily and Andalusia Moreover, the Invention and use of manatural resources. All of this has been chinery run by steam or electricity have accompanied and signalized by an Immense outburst of energy and restless worked a revolution In Industry as great Initiative. The result Is varied as It Is as the revolution In transportation; so that here again the difference between striking. ancient and modern civilization Is one not Conquest of the World. merely of degree but of kind. In many In the first place, representatives of this vital respects the huge modern city differs their of civilization, by conquest space, more from all preceding cities than any were enabled to spread Into all the pracof these differed one from the other; and tically vacant continents, while at the the giant factory town Is of and by Itself same time, by their triumphs In organizaone of the most formidable problems of tion and mechanical Invention, they acmodern life. quired an unheard-o- f military superiority Steam and have given the as compared with their former rivals. To race dominion electricity over land and water such these two facta Is primarily due the as it never had before; and now the confurther fact that for the first time there quest of the air Is directly Impending. As la really something that approaches a books preserve thought through time, so world civilization, a world movement. The the telegraph and the telephone transmit spread of the European peoples since the It through the space trfey annihilate! and days of Ferdinand the Catholic and Ivan therefore minds are swayed ene by anthe Terrible has been across every sea other without regard to the limitations of and over every continent. In places the space and time which forced conquests have been ethnic; that Is, there each community to work formerly In has been a new wandering of the peoples, Isolation. It Is the same with comparative the body as and new commonwealths have sprung up with the brain. The machinery of the facIn which the people are entirely or mainand farm the tor; enormously multiplies ly of European blood. This Is what hapskill Countless and trained bodily vigor. pened In the temperate and Intelligences are at work to teach us how regions of the Western Hemisphere, In to avoid or counteract the effects of Australia, In portions of northern Asia waste. and southern Africa. In other places the The advances In the realm of pure intelconqae8t has been purely political, the lect have been of equal note, and they Europeans representing for the most part have been both Intensive and extensive. merely a small caste of soldiers and adGreat virgin fields of learning and wisministrators, as In most of tropical Asia dom have been discovered by the few, and Africa and In much of tropical Amerand at the same time knowledge has ica. Finally, here and there Instances ocamong the many to a degree never cur where there has been no conquest at spread dreamed of before. Old men among us all, 6ut where an alien people is profoundIn their own generation' the seen have ly and radically changed by the mere Imrise of the first rational science of the civilization. pact of western evolution of life. The astronomer and the There are of course many grades bethe psychologist and the histween these different types of Influence, chemist, torian, and all their brethren tn many difbut the net outcome of what has occurred ferent fields of wide endeavor, work with during the last four centuries Is that a training and knowledge and method of the European type now exerwhich are In effect Instruments of precises a more or less profound effect over cision differentiating their labors from are There world. entire the practically corn-rlabors of their predecessors as the s to which It has not yet the nooks and rifle Is differentiated from the bow. penetrated: hut there Is at present no The play of new forces Is as evident In large space of territory In which the genthe moral and spiritual world as In the eral movement of civilised activity does world of the mind and the body. not make Itself more or less felt. This Ona Danger of Civilization. represents something wholly different One of the prime dangers of civilization from what has ever hitherto been seen. In the greatest days of Roman dominion has always been Its tendency to cause the Influence of Romo was felt over only the loss of the virile fighting virtues, of a relatively small portion of tho worlds the fighting edge. When men get too comsurface. Over much the larger part of tho fortable and lead too luxurious lives there is always danger lest the softness- eat like world tho process of change and developan acid into thetr manliness of fiber. The ment was absolutely unaffected by anybarbarian, because of the very conditions thing that occurred tn the Roman empire: and those communities the play of whose of his life. Is forced to keep and develop certain hardy qualltlea which the man of Influence was felt In action and reaction, civilization tends to lose, whether ho be among themselves, and in lnter-actlotho cleric, factory hand, merchant, or even a were grouped Immediately around certain type of farmer. Now I' will not whole the Mediterranean. Now, however, assert that tn modern civilized society world la bound together as never before: the bonds are sometimes those of hatred these tendencies have been wholly overrather than love, but they are bonds come; but there haa been a much more successful effort to overcome them than nevertheless. was tho case In the early civilizations. All the Nations Linked. .. This Is curiously shown by the military leadman of Frowning or hopeful, every history of the Graeco-Roma- n period as ership In any Une of thought or effort compared with the history ct the last four mast now look beyond tho limits of his or five centuries here In Europe and own country. The student of sociology among nations of European descent. In may live In Berlin or St. Petersburg, tho Grecian and Roman military history Rome or Igndon, or he may live In Melwaa steadily from a citizen the bourne or San Francisco or Buenos Aires; armychange an of mercenaries. to In the army but In whatever city he lives, he must pay days of the early greatness of Athens, men in who live of studies to heed the Thebes, and Sparta, In the days when the each of the other cities. When In AmerRoman republic conquered what world It ica we study labor problems and attempt knew, the armies were filled with citizen to deal with subjects such as life Insursoldiers. But the citizens res, wo turn to see fused to serve gradually ance for In the armies, or became what you do here tn Germany, and' we unable to render good service. The Greek comalso turn to see what the far-ostates described by Delyblus. with but few monwealth of New Zealand Is doing. exceptions, hired others to do their fightWhen a great German scientist Is warring ing for them. The Romans of the days of manenemies of dreaded most the against ceased to furnish Augustus had kind. creatures of infinitesimal stxe which any cavalry, andutterly w ceasing to tho microscope reveals in his blood, he furnish any Inramry, torapidly the legions and may spend his holidays of study In cenWhen cohorts. came to civilization the tra! Africa or In eastern Asia; and ho an end, there were no longer citizens In must know what Is accomplished tn the the ranks of the soldiers. The change laboratories of Tokyo, just as he must from the citizen army to the army of know the details of that practical applicabeen completed. mercenaries had tion of science which has changed the Modem Citizens Armies. Isthmus of Panama from a death-tra- p Now, the exact reverse has been the Into what is almost a health resort. Every case with us In modern times. A few progressive In China Is striving to Introduce western methods of education and centuries ago the mercenary soldier was administration, and hundreds of European the principal figure In most armies, and In and American books are now translated groat numbers of cases the mercenary Into Chinese. The Influence of European soldier wns en alien. .In the wars of religion In France, In the Thirty Tears governmental principles la strikingly Illustrated by the fact that admiration for war In Germany, In the wars that Immethe them has broken down the Iron barriers of diately marked the beginning of break-u- p of the great Potlsh kingdom, the Moslem conservatism, so that their Introduction has become a burning question In regiments and brigades of foreign solTurkey snd Persia; wulle the very unrest, diers formed a striking and leading feature In every army. Too often the men the Impatience of European or American ef the country in which the fighting took control. In India, Egypt, or the Philipthat place played merely the Ignoble part of pines. takes the form of demanding and peasants ap- victims, the burgher the government be assimilated more close well-nig- mld-Ast- mid-Afri- al - n. wage-worker- ff pizrfkt fh but limited numbers In th mercenary armies by which they were plundered. Gradually this haa all changed, until now practically every army Is a citizen army, and the mercenary has almost disappeared, while the army exists on a vaster scale than ever before in history. This Is so among th military monarchies of Europe. In our own Civil war of the United States the same thing occurred, peaceful people as we are. At that time more than two generations had passed since the War of Independence. During the whole of that period the people had been enstruggle; and gaged In no yet. when the Civil war broke out, and after some costly and bitter lessons at the beginning, th fighting spirit of th people was shown to better advantage than ever before. The war was peculiarly d war for a principle, a war waged side for an Ideal, and while fault and shortcomings were plentiful among the combatants, there was comparatively little sordidness of motive or conduct. In such a giant struggle, where across tbe warp of so many Interests Is shot the woof of so many purposes, dark strands and bright, strands somber and brilliant, are always Intertwined; Inevitably there was corruption here and there in the Civil war; but all the leaders on both sides, and the great majority of the enormoue masses of fighting men, wholly disregarded, and were wholly uninfluenced by, bj-a- ch pecuniary considerations. Wealth and Polities. Another striking contrast In the course of modern civilization as compared with or the later stages of the Graeco-Roma- n classic civilization la to be found In th relations of wealth and politics. In classic times, as the civilization advanced to- ward Its zenith, politics became a recognized means of accumulating great wealth. Caesar waa again and again oa the verge of bankruptcy; be spent an enormous fortune; and he recouped himself by the money which he made out of career. Augustus eshis political-militar- y tablished Imperial Rome on firm foundations by the use he made of the hug fortune he had acquired by plunder. What a contrast is offered by the careers of Washington and Lincoln! There were a few exceptions in ancient days; but the Immense majority of the Greeks and the Romans, as their civilizations culminated, g on a large scale accepted as one of the Incidents of a successful public career. Now all of this Is In sharp contrast to what has happened within the last two or three centuries. During this time there has been a steady growth g away from the theory that Is permissible In an honorable public career. In this respect the standard has been constantly elevated, and things which statesmen had no hesitation In doing three centuries or two centuries ago, and which did not seriously hurt a public career even a century ago, are now utterly Impossible. Wealthy men still exercise a large, and sometimes an Improper, Influence In politics, but It is apt to be an Indirect influence; and In the advanced states the mere suspicion that the wealth of public men Is obtained or added to as an Incident of their public careers will bar them from public life. Speaking generally, wealth may very greatly Influence modern political life, but It Is not ao qulred in political life. money-makin- money-makin- Optimistic for the Future. Roosevelt called attention to the fact that hitherto every civilize tion that has arisen has been able to develop only a few activities, its field of endeavor being limited in kind as well as in locality, and each of these civilizations has fallen. What Is tho lesson to us of today? he asked. Will the crash come, and be all the more terrible because of the immense increase tn activities and area? To this he replfed: Personally, I do not believe that one civilization will fall. I think that on th whole we have grown better and not" worse. T think that on the whole the future holds more for us than even the great past has held. But, assuredly, the dreams of golden glory In the future wilt not come true unless, high of heart and strong of hand, by our own mighty deeds,-wmake them come true. We cannot afford to develop any one set of qualities, any one set of activities, at the cost of seeing others, equally necessary, atrophied. Neither the military efficiency of the Mongol, the extraordinary business ability of the Phoenician, nor the subtle and polished intellect of the Greek availed ' to avert destruction. We, the men of today and of the future, need many qualities If we are to de our work well. We need, first of all and most important of all, the qualities which stand at the base of individual; of family life, the fundamental and essential qualities the homely, every-davirtues. If the average man will not work, if he has not in him the will and the power to be a good husband and father; If the average woman Is not a good housewife, a good mother of children, then the state will topple, will go down, no matter what may be Its brilliance of artistic development or material achievement But these homely qualitfes are not enough. There must, in addition, be that power of organization, that power of working In- common for a. common- - end, which the German people-havshewn In such signal fashion during the last Moreover, the. things of the spirit are even more Important than the things of the body. We can. well da without the hard intolerance and arid intellectual barrenness of what wa worst tn the theological systems of but there has never been a greater need ef a high and fine religious spirit than, at the present time. So, while at some of' laugh the pretensions of modern philosophy In Its various branches, It would be worse-thanfolly on our part to ignore our need; of Intellectual leadership. Must Steer Middle- Course. Never has philanthropy, humanitarian-isseen such development as now; and though we must all beware of the folly and the viciousness no worse than folly, which marks the believer In th perfeo tlblllty of man. when his heart runs away with his head, or when, vanity usurps the place of conscience, yet we must remember also that It Is only by working along the lines laid down by the philanthropists, by the lovers of mankind, that we can be sure of lifting our civilization to a higher and more permanent plane of wellbeing than was ever attained by any preceding civilization. Unjust war is to be abhorred; but woe to the nation that does not make ready to hold its own tn tlma of need against all who woifid harm It; and woe thrtee over to the nation la which the average man loses the fighting edge, loses the power to serve as a soldier ff the day of need should arise. It ts no Impossible dream t build up a Mr. e , y, many-health- - y. the-past- we-Ca- ly m, civilization tn which morality, 'ethical development, and a true feeling of brotherhood shall alike be divorced from false rancorous sentimentality, and from th and evil passions which, curiously enough, so often accompany professions of sentimental attachment to the rights of man; In which a high material development ' the things of the body shall be achieved without subordination of the things of the soul; in which there shRll be a genuine desire for pe.ace and justice without loss of those virile qualities without -- hlch no love of peace or Justice shall avail any race; In which the fullest development of scientific research, the great distinguishing feature of our present civilization, hall yet not Imply a belief that Intelleoi can ever take the place of character for, from the standpoint of tho nation as of the Individual, It Is character that la tha one vital possession.