STOCK, Improvement ot Stock. As a rule, the grower of live stock give more attention to the Improvement Improve-ment of their herds and Hocks when the Industry Is dull and prices ebb low than they do when the tide is nt tho Hood, We well remember that It was by Judicious breeding and cuieful attention at-tention of nocks that sheep-owners built themselves up nnd put themselves em n good brsls In the fcOs. And this In the remedy we alvvpya lecommend for low pi Ices When wool Is low they say raise mole pounds, when mutton Is low wo uigo the breeding of u better guide of mutton, and w hive made the samo lecommendntlon to cuttle-lalseis cuttle-lalseis time and again When the prlco of beef is low there ia no belter eniedy thnn to ulre n better grade of steels, for the bettei the Bteet tho bet-tei bet-tei the pilce, and tho inaiket nevci gets so dull but what good cuttle bring a fulr pilco und are In active demand. In our dose nbsennllon of the nnikcts for n quaitei of a century we Imvu nuvei et known u llmo when well-fattened well-fattened cattle would not sell i evilly and at tho top of the market This being the cuse, It will leudlly be Been that If It pu)B to Improve hercla and flocks In dull seasons It will pay clou-bl) clou-bl) to do bo when the business la on the boom. It is not so absolutely ne-cessaiy ne-cessaiy In goud pflies, since the lndus-tiy lndus-tiy pn)B undei mi) clieunvrtunccs, when In dull times, In ordei to make any pmfit at all, 11 will bo neceHsaiy tu bleed only the best, but this mine precaution vll pay doiibl) well. We theiUoie urte oui lenders lo bend evciy neivu tow aid tho improvement of Hocks and holds, There is some move In that direction, but It Is by no nuaiiH unlveisal Theie Is no doubt hut what thfie Is money lu lueedlnj up huicls und Hocks. 'Ihe men who keep up with the piocesslon me eon-llnunlly eon-llnunlly linprov lug. Too often In stock bleeding we say let well enough alone It would even be piolltnble If one whole held was composed of pure-bred animals. Wi are certain It would be Just the thing for tho smnll ownei, and the large ownei will nnd that It will pay nlso to get his herd as near to puro n possible One great trouble about bleeding Is that It comes In wuves There are eras when ever) body Is on the linpinve, but the trouble Is hove to keep up tho work, lu pplle of anything that can bo done our best people allow themselves to become careless. If our people would keep constantly con-stantly nt It they would find that It would roou put u herd or Hock nway ahead of the gencrai nverage. Suppose our readera heed this admonition Just for one a and report tho lesult to these columns five years henco. Itocky Mountain Husbandman Tho Oood Bull, The man who continually goes about with nn "I told you bo" on his llpa is not usually, the most esteemed member of a community. It Is easy .enough for a man to get hlnuelf thoroughly disliked dis-liked by thus "rubbing It In ' At the same time, it la iwrfectly propel and peitlnent to recall that tho event has Justified a prior Judgment and fulfilled a prediction Tho manner of s.v)lng 1 told you so" has much to do with tho Impicsslon pioduccd by Its utter-iime utter-iime It may be said In u most disagreeable dis-agreeable fashion, and an n matter of fact, unfortunately. It Usually Is thus promulgated And then again, the In dividual who most frequently uses It Is quite npt not to have been the man of foresight, but merely assumes to himself a (nescience whWh he did not possesu and claims ctedlt for the fulfillment ful-fillment of n prophecy which he did not pionounce Ihe Oazette has more than once warned stock farmers that certain lesults Impended If certain conditions continued to prevail. This wiih not set out aa a prophecy, but lather as the result of logical leason-Ing leason-Ing fiom known facts and conditions When the event has confirmed our Judgment we have not hesitated to ru-mind ru-mind the public of It, not In a spirit of braggadocio, but In nn cirnest endeavor en-deavor to get stock farmers to ascertain ascer-tain tho facts ot their Industry and leason fiom tho past and the present to the future. We may theiefole be pordoiijd the presentation of tho uc-eom"pan)lng uc-eom"pan)lng brief statement from Mr, Ulchurd Walsh, general manager of the Adlal lanch. on which the champion cham-pion carload of steera nt the recent International In-ternational was bred. "In carolng off tho championship these Texas steers have done what sou hnvo warned the State's farmers would happen, nnmely, thnt they would not piy the price for good bulls and that some day the) would awaken to tho tact that the best bulls were on tho innges nnd that steera would come off these rnngea quite nt to cbmpete with the best of the natives." Past all dispute that day Is at hand IUnchmen nre reaping the reward of their plucky purchases of Improving blood during the enra of depression when the average farmery as content-Ing content-Ing himself with the usn of Inferior sires, Thousands of high-class bulla have cone to the lange which should have been put to servlco In tho Central WeBt. During nil Ihe yeans of this slg-nlflcant slg-nlflcant movement the Gazette not only directed attention to it but warned of the ultimate results. It Is a fact that much better feeding cuttle, and of much greater uniformity In color, form and feeding quality, can bo selected from the rnngea at weaning time than can be picked up In most sections of the cattle-breeding States Will this condition conJInueT Who will get the good bulls the, farmer or the ranchman? The ranclier through all the dcprislon looked stcadll) toward to-ward the future. The farmer glued his eyes to the discouraging tnirket conditions con-ditions and refused to llft"them to see a star ot promise glimmering lu the sky. In the booming ' markets and high prices for beef he Van now read the record of his sad mistake. Will he pront by 'his expeilence orwlll he continue to flont vrlthMie tde, changing chang-ing vlth eveiy tempomh wind that blown, hesitating, uncertain, timid, undetermined? Will hh buy good bulls and tcstore the quality of our farm Block or will he let the rancher continue con-tinue to outbid him and be content with the tnlllngs thnt the "cowman" leaves' nnnugh ncta have been developed de-veloped by the logic of events to afford eerlous thinking for the farmers of the cattle sections of tho Central West. Breeders' Ciazette. Superiority ot Blooded Slock, I hnvo had good evidence of the superiority su-periority of blooded Btock over the common. My trial was with hogs, In the nrst place, I was (old by older r.en that It was foolish to buy a blooded blood-ed brood sow, that any common bow was as good as the high-priced stock. If she wan fed enough On thnt ndvlce I bought a common black and white sow, railed a Herkshlre We fed her well nnd stntted to raise aome nice pigs for Bile. In two )ears thnt sow pigs ror sale, in iwo jears inne sow had four litters of pigs twentyJnlne pigs In all. We sold them for $31 and thought we did well. Of course a common com-mon sire was used, for which we paid $1, so that at the end of two yeirs we had $30 for our time, feed nnd labor. Then I put chased a puro Chester White sow. Have had bet two years now. Always bred her to ie pure Chester Ches-ter White she, for which I had to pay tt. She has had four litters, thlrt). two pigs. We have sold twenty-two of them for SJM nrd have ten nice ons now, six weeks old, for which we have been offered $3'v several tlms In the last week, but wo Intend to keep them till spilng and sec how much can be mnde by feeding them till they aie six months old Hero the piotlt was $101, If wc count all thirty-two pigs; then take out the $1 for sire seivlce, leaven $93 for feed, work nnd all The feed nnd eare were Just the same for both, but tho common pigs were small, and nfter tho nist two weeks did not seem to glow an). The puie-bied wcio nice, squaie pigs, and thrifty You can nearly see them glow The profit over the common wns $03 not much, la It? L. T. 11, In Ohio Parmer, Selection of Brood Sows, In selecting a brood sow, the choice Bhould bo made fiom a large lltler. Tho sow should have a long body, plenty ot teals, n level back, straight, shoit legs, lino hair and u quiet disposition, dis-position, which, in the joung sow, can bo quickly loomed by catching anil holding her, writes a correspondent of the Farmer Oulde. Too much emphasis cannot be placed on the importance of having the bow so gentle that at farrowing time she will allow the attendant to enter the pen if necessary, hows shquld not farrow far-row before reaching the age of ona jear, nor boma be used bofore attain-ing attain-ing the nge of ten months, though many breedH will mate earlier If permitted per-mitted to do so. It is a common mis. tako to breed hogs when they are too joung, Tirst litters me not usually as good as succeeding ones, and tvvo-yeai- old sows nrc belter than jounger ones A llrst-cliss brood bow should bo profitable for n number of ears six or seven In some coses. A few weeka beforo farrowing time the euw should be put by herself and fed on slops, oats, chop, bran or any laxative food, no corn should be given nt this time The pigs rhould suck about six weeks, the sovv should rilso only two lltleis a eir, or possibly live Utters In two )eara Feeding Skim Milk to Pigs. Tho Canadian Government experiment experi-ment station has made quite thorourh investigations concerning the most economical method of feeding skim milk to pigs Piom Its reports we condense con-dense tho following conclusions I Skim milk ma) form tho largest put of the feed of young nnd growing plga with advantage and ecotioui). 2. Por Ihe fattening of swine, weighing weigh-ing on the average over le) pounds each, live weight, It Is economical to give un allowance of eklm milk, not exceeding live pounds per he id per day. 3. In every case the swine fed with part of theh ration of skim milk were lustier, more vlgoioua and of a moro healthy appearance than Bwlno fed wholly on a ration of grain. 4. It Is seldom profitable to feed skim milk or buttermilk alone to swine. At tho least thirty pouneln of ground grain should be fed, with 100 pounds of skim milk or buttermilk Doctoring Sheep. II la not generally understood by those who have not made sheep raising and sheep care a study, that the sheep requires n much larger close of medl cine than u man. In the uso of oil or turpentine, for Instance, n very common com-mon medicine to bo used In tloctorlng sheep, the doso la thrce.tlmea that pie-Bcrlbcd pie-Bcrlbcd for a man. Tho doso of turpentine tur-pentine for a sheep In half a leiepon-ful, leiepon-ful, wlillo tho third ot this would he a strong elosti for it man, tho same may be observed In n general wny In the treatment of sheep. Bays the Nebraska Farmer, One of tho most cemmon ailments with the sheep la lung worms nnd Intestinal In-testinal worms. They lire not nn uncommon un-common filing with the lambs about weaning time or tho latter part of August Au-gust nnd through the month ot September. Sep-tember. The symptoms are an observ-ablo observ-ablo decline, growing thin nnd wenk, a paleness reaellly noticed on the skin The rich, pink color that should be present when the wool Is opened to the skin is lacking; Instend, the skin Is white, nlmoat resembling white piper pi-per so aurh so tliiet years ago this disease Was called ' paper skin." The treatment that ha proven most effective Is a tcaspoonful of equal parts turpentine nnd raw linseed or crude castor oil, given nt a dose to each Iamb and given once n ay for four or nve days. Other remedies are now In use, but nothing has proven moro effective; than the turpentine and oil, and nothing noth-ing more enslly administered. Thn trouble of hooven or bloat In sheep, caused by various gaseous foods being taken into thn stomach, such ns green clover nlfalfa, etc. Is Uaslly relieved by t)lng a round stick back In the mouth Thin Is done by taking a piece of an old broom hatidln or other round stick of about that sl?. The slick should be eight or ten Inches long, cut groove around the stick near each end nnd tlo at these plnyes n string which can he tied back of the head, when the stlrk Is put In the mouth. This nirangement forces the mouth to remain open. Tho g"is will quickly escape nnd the nnlmal will bo relieved. This reitment Is as applicable ap-plicable for the cow ns for the sheep but a larger stick Is required for the cow. Feeding Floor. fly request, I will Ko a plan for farmer to build a noor to fn-d hogs on. that will not be expensive and will last for twenty jearn or more. Excavate Exca-vate the earth to a depth of about ono foot, two Inrhe larger each way than the floor is to lie. rill with gravel to a depth of nine Inches, then stnko up a form, with two by fours, the size of the floor. Then to one yard of pravel odd four sacks erf cement; spread the cement over the gravel evenly; shovel the gravel and cement over twice. In the dry; then add water enough to d-itnpcn Ihe mlxtuio thoroughly, mnk enough of this mixture to fill the form level full, then tamp It down with a wooden tamp maul It will t imp down about one Inch Por the top, to ono barrel bar-rel of a.ind add two sacks of cement, mix It thoroughly In the dry. Add water enough to make a stiff mortar. Spread this over the concrete foundation founda-tion by troweling it down hard on the roncrete, until tho form la full; cut It eft with n straight edge, float tho same as planteters do. It Is best to cover the concrete us soon as possible after It Is put lu Pre nothing but Portland cement, C. M. Long, In Ohio rarmei. The rig's Plea. Don't allow mo to lie In tho fence corner Ihls winter nnd take my break-fast break-fast In mud nnd snow. If yoj expect mo to ray that mortgage. Don't bo disappointed nnd anury If I fall to ralsa ten nice pigs next spring, after eating corn In the snow nnd drinking water out of a hole In the Ice nil winter. Olvo ine some nice warm slop of bian, ground oats and middlings, with a pinch of salt In It, once n duy, and hroa or four ears of corn, and puro water, Don't make me squeal for my menln If you want mo to fallen; I charge for my music. Don't forget to give me u. mixture of ashes and sulphur. sul-phur. Don't say I have cholera If I have eaten so much corn as to become constipated, but give me half a cup of melted lard and some good kidney remedy. Cook a peck of poke root with one bushel of corn, boll for two hours, make a mush with middlings and the liquor nnd give me a feed of It once a week, with some of tho corn. It will make me as sleek as a mole. If I get lousy, put some crude petroleum on my back and give me three doses-one doses-one every week. Don't let the chickens chick-ens roost In my quarter; their elrop-plngs elrop-plngs are injurious. Put a few onions in my slop once a week. When sou tako me to market don't stuff me with slop, give me a solid meal, and I will not shrink much Ohio Farmer. Alfalfa Hay for Horses. Opinions differ very much a to the value of alfalfa hay for horses. Some regard It ns Indispensable In feeding horses under their conditions. Others again speak strongly against It. It would bo difficult to ncrount for this conflict of opinion were It not for tho fact thnt alfalfa when fed freely at tho flrst tu horses that are working hard, Induces too lax a condition of tho bowels. It alro causes the nnlmnls to svvent unduly and In many Instances to urinate too freely But thosn who hnve had much experlen e In feeding It say that In three or four weeks these symptoms symp-toms pass away and unless fed In excess the horses do well on It, better, all things considered, than on pinlrio hay It la recommended to begin by feeding but n few pounds per day ut Hist, and lo gradually increase tho quantity until ten to fifteen pounds n day uie leached for an ordinary horse, More than the last named amount may be fed with a reduced re-duced amount of grain hut when fed In any very largo ciuantillen. If laxness ot the bowels Is Induced, tho quantity ought to be reduced for a time. Alfalfa has the property of helping to keep horses In good condition. It also tends ta give them n glossy coat Hoiscs have been fed on nlfulfa for many soars, getting at the same time n due allowance allow-ance of grain, und the results have been most satisfactory The Farmer.