AND HARDEN. A FLEDGED FARMER. rp-lvlt- au Urk'Hliar - llonh mtur it ob frviMn i. il'lnois horUtultunsts are deligli'ed Game-grab- " 1 s anrv are not nearly so long. ont-thlr- The strawberry crop this year Is reported to have bien quite remunerative, due largely to the fact that there was not a large surplus to force down prices. The prices In some sections were kept up by canning factories taking large quantities of berries. This la a strong point In the disposal of any crop, it Is the surplus that demoralizes the market. We do not believe In making people pay high prices, but we do believe In the producers of berries or any other crop getting out of their product the cost of raising plus a fair remuneration lor capital Invested as well as pay for personal services. There are many cases where fruit goes to market and sells at leas than ccat of producing and mar- keting. In time our fruit growers will lean to combine to th extent of providing for the disposal of surplus supplies by means of canning factories or evaporating plants. A report of the Michigan State Board of Agriculture says: "The varieties of strawberries that have been reported as being most profitable are. In their order, the Warfield, Wilson, Bubach, llaverland, Crescent, Jessie, Parker, Earle and Gaudy. Among the varieties that have proved profitable, but which nre not so commonly grown, will he found the Brandywine, Beder-wooClyde, Greenville and Marshall." We call attention to the fact that the second on the list Is our old friend the Wilson, wh.ch was declared to have run out ten years ago. It is one of our oldest varieties, probably the oldest in this list yet It ranks head of most of the newer varieties. The popular theory that varieties run out does not find much encouragement In this case. Under proper methods of culture and propagation, the Wilson is probably today as good a berry as It ever was. d, for ITool Bulletin 17S of the Michigan Expert ment Station says: The present ten dency of the wool market points to s continued active demand for fine grades of wool which the Merino alone produces. Michigan has long since proven her adaptability to the Merino. The Merino was brbugbt to Michigan probably as early st 1828, and from that time until the beginning of the depress.on in .the wool industry the Michigan Merino was well and favorably known all over the world. The successful breeding of Merino sheep is therefore assured; and If the adapt ability of the Merino to Michigan's conditions is proven, and no one will - tleiiy it, then successful wool growing In Michigan cannot he questioned. We speak of the Merino, more particularly, In connection with the wool Industry, because the Merino has always been re'ogntzed as the standard wool sheep of the world. The Merino has been bred and fed for the production of quantity and quality of fleece for generations. A very large percentage of the wool produced In the United States Is crossbred wool. That is, of the pool reach . Ing our markets, but & small percentage, relatively speaking, comes from pure-bre- d sheep, even if we take the total product from all the breeds ot sheep having recognized registry as sociations Into account. The fleeces of wool which are graded by local dealers or commission men are seldom opened. The sorting process la a much closer and more accurate method of classifying wools. Before the wool Is aconred It Is generally sorted. The expert wool sorter opens the fleece and removes a portion of It here and there and throws it Into separate , plies or baskets. Tha number of sorts ot wool in fleeces varies greatly, rang- Ing from two or three to five or six aorta from the- - same fleece. It ' been found that fleeces from pure-bre- d i sheep do not. as a rule, have as many sorts of wool In them as those taken from grade and cross-bre- d sheep. and flbsess uniform la quail Her lit- tle hands are quick and strong, gentle add soft She cannot carry away the milk palls, but this Is done by two little glrle- - Mary and 1 Jra." On her way from the milking stool Farmer Farren to the trurk patch says, Mattie occasionally spies a the stranger approaching through grass covered road, and this la o unusual that the little beast takes alarm at once and. rushing to the kitchen. us-- A note is going the rounds of the press to the eDeet that Russia has a foreBt area in Europe alone of about 600.000,001) acres. This Is said to he d of the European-Russl- a area. It la lilte.y that these forests will be preserved, as Russia will take to heart the lessons that the other European countries have learned by experience. The destruction of forests In seretal European countries has resulted in rendenng the land untlllable, especially on the mountain sides where the soil Is exposed to the action of torrential rains In the United States there Is a growing sentiment in favor of pieserv.ng the forests we have. In time wDe legislation will place laws on our statute hooka that will at least protect the public forests. t; rfc (liipsarura dpcfTlotdes) the ouihern states end north to Conner-Uni- t, Pennsylvania, souihrf.'n Illinois rather and Kansas Foiroeny Cummou in the South, but it has been largely killed out by close grazing '1 he roots are numerous, deep and siout, and would require two or three spans of horses to plow them up. The grass grows In large clumps, a charas acter that interferes with Its the hiiuthes aie close !iuy unless enough together to form a continuous sod. The sta ks and leaves are quite several course, the former growing feet high and being as much as half an Inch In diameter. The leaves are corn broad, somewhat resembling leaves The flowers are borne at the top of the stalk In two or three slender spikes, four to eight inches long 1 he lower parts of these produce the seeds. At maturity the lower part of each spike breaks up into joints, each joint containing a seed. If cut before are produced the bay the flower-staik- s n '' s Is a peivnalal growing tfcrougbuit l (iio f tue lliiiio.s apple ex- kib.t at the Id' is exposition, where It obtained 11, st p. i.e 1 he varieties of app es eih.b.Uil were Ben Davis Grimes Goluen. Jonathan, Salome, ttark, Willow TwU. and Winesap The iirineipil exhlhttora from Illinois were S. U. Soveihill, H M. Dunlap Arthur Ilijnt, Fted Shaw, K S Fhuenix, L. R. Bryant and L. K This aw aid Is said to be the Hi si prize won at fourih siietes'-ivBans l) members of ibe Illinois atate Horticultuial lllino.s has S.clely. great posslhilltus as an apple growing state, and Is likely to catch a good deal of the future foieign trade in app es. - thing New Jersey has hlthMhtrty canarv b'rds not be found elsewhi re in the wilts rats whli ceatrtc .Samuel whole wide world and that tv a farming monkey This monkc) U a small i hamher The align protests of these smaller gray beauty of the gentler sen and Her name Is Mattie and her age Is 22 intelligent pits invariably Bhe livee on Samuel Barren s farm arouses the sleeping farmer and when near Tremley he ftprpaihes Mattie for breikltig In Mattie ia a train farmhand Under tn hi morning slumtier, she Jumps w ue direction she feeds the an) np gad down with a distnssed exi res milks the rows, and helps to siot of countenance, tapping herself a good sized vege'able garden She on the (heat with one finger, shaking One cam fleece. t' er Do ll ffnAi fmi Trm T press bulletin of the Vermont Experiment Mt.it.uu zas' One field oa the axperlment station farm has been mowed continuously for some twenty years. They were, of course, many needs upon It, but no kale. H was plowed and seeded with clean rata, hut early In July one wnulJ have thought at flitit sight that It hd eown with pure kale seed Instead. IA here does the kale come fromT This question is often asked by the Uriuea when perplexed by developments alta-Uto the above Such experiences as these have made many believe in tpontaiiecuis generation" at least as XV THIS MONKEY IS A EULL length of gtap'e are moat desirable for t'onaeqaent-- y Ki&: jfa ctm Iu purport;. most a1 tu tirflaO WOO if v? f r the manufacturer MATTERS OF INTEREST TO t.feiiv b r ust n t tr hntiBvrin.inaieIy. AGRICULTURISTS. idu use for the f juiulai 10a stock ol - And by fts Peek gFitde or aailve e riUU Ahmi ftf temat c grc.d ng up wtth eome definite Untluo of lh Ml nl btecd of fcheep we can produce a moa lltlculUN a4 ( vea grade of eool throughout th FARM ar Concerns weda. But when asked to explain It our experiment station botanist shakes the head and says that every kala plant grows from s kale seed. No seed, no plunt. Seeds of many plants may lie dormant in the ground for rather years especially If burled deeply. Dn Beal of the Michigan experiment station has made an interesting test of the matter. In 1878 he mixed seeds of various kinds In damp and, placed the mixture in bottlee and burled Ibe bottles twenty Inches beneath the surface In sandy soil. At the end of five years, at the end of taa years, at the end of fifteen years, and finally In 1899 at the end of twenty years he dug up some of these bottles snd tested the viability ot the seedL Of the twenty-tw- o kinds of seed burf, tailed ts led, eleven, or just grow. Some of the others germinated ss follows: black mustard 18 per cent peppergrass 42 per cent, shepherds puvae 48 percent, purslane 14 per ceat, mullein 82 per cent No true kale seed was used in the experiment, but the black mustard Is so closely relat- ed that it probably represent what will occur with kale. The eradication of kale hinges then upon destroying It before It seeds. This is easily dons In hoed crops, of course, but how caa it be done In grain fields other than by hand pulling. Recent trials in Europe suggest that It Is possible to destroy kale and similar weeds by spraying the field with s solution of hlus vitriol (copper sulphate) ia water which may be so weak ss not to Injure the grain. Tha tests have DMA repeated at some of the experiment stations lu this country and It has been found that solutions of from 1 to 8 per cent (1 pound in 4 to 12 gallons) may be used and If applied as n fine spray 40 gallons to an acre will destroy the kale, with little or no Injury to the grain The spraying should he done when the plants are young. While Its practicability is not fully established It U st least worthy ot furthone-hal- -- er trial. GAMA-- RAS3. To is quite nutritious, and three or four cuttings can be made in a season. It is not well adapted for pasture, as close graxing kills It To start the grass. It Is usual to plant short pieces of the roots about two feet apart each way. The seeds are more uncertain. per- son engaged In farming should keep from two to six cows. They should ho ns near pure-bre- d Shorthorn, Hereford stock ns possible, and or Polled-Angthey ahould always he bred te a registered bulL We let our calvee euck the cowi, allowing them to take . About of tha milk from their mothers twice a day, morning - and seises the dinner bell snd wields it evening, until they ars five or sU with wildly clanging effect And If ths months old. We give them the run of farmer Is far sway In the fields and the grass lot st ths same time. We does not bear the loud alarm and the have our cows coma fresh about March two little girls are too busy at egg or April snd aim to keep them milking finding Mattie takes It uron herself, ten or eleven months, thinking It with many a stone, to better for the cows snd the calvee chase the intruder sway. they carry, that the cows be allowed The vegetable garden la Mattie'S to go dry for about two months, la special pride and pleasure. She loves the spring we feed our cows fodder la to till the soil and to reap. the reward boxes placed in th barn lot The Mr. Farren says she feeding Is done In the day time Durof her labor. glories In her wealth, snd f you are ing bad days and always st night we an approved visitor st the Ferres tie the cows In ths barn In tbslr stall farm Mattie will, after a careful study and feed them clover bay with about of your physiognomy, to see whether tan ears of corn each. If our cor I she can trust you, take down the lit- dry snd hard, ws grlrd it cob and all tle Iron church and open It Then, he and feed the meal with a. : one-thiI ays, she will take out tbs pennies and the bulk of wheat bran mixed with It, nickels snd dimes snd qsrters and Ws give our cows at all times tho run pile them np In little heaps of uni- of a blue grass pasture, snd when the gets good snd plentiful wo form height so that you may more gras easily see how much ah really has. shorten up on the meal snd hay. Wo Then you are expected to count out sow a patch of corn to feed in August the money and express your surprise. and September, while th paatnres Ot dried up. We put our ground ia ora der for this patch of feed Just tbo same LOST. EXCLUSIVENESS ss if w were going to sow wheat Of of ag Ovorraa oats. Wo sow It with tho wheat drill, Newport b la the same as we sow oats. It makes by tho Commoa BoriL more snd better feed to the acre than Social prophets sr beginning to say else we have tried. We cat that Newport will not long bold Re anything teed It as needed. As the stalk end own as the most exclusive ot Ameriare small the cows eat it with a relish. can summer resorts, although none of To the best results from your them has yet named a place likely to cows get and calves they should never ho succeed (I, Aor Indeed has that matter to go hungry. S. Garlnger, been touched on-a- t all, says the New permittedCounty, Ohio. Fayette assert Rhode York Sun. They that the Island town will follow the example ot Broom-Cor- n Millets. These are deSaratoga and Long Branch and thus rived from Panlcum mllaceum. This lose its character through precisely the species has been cultivated for same causes that deprived these places centuries In Europe, where It U of their former glory. They call atIt is not the "Common Millet tention to the fact that the number ot extensively grown In the United State newcomers every summer at Newport but is offered In the trade under th Millet and Hog grows larger and larger. Villas form- name of Broom-cor- n erly occupied by exclusive members ot Millet The seeds are borne In looser Newport society are rented and sold drooping claters, the branches of the to wealthy families from other pari cluster being long and slender, someof the country and their owners either what resembling the seed cluster of whenee the name. The go abroad or retire to some other Broom-cor- n, place. The other place has not yet seeds are from white to yellow and been settled sufficiently for any town dark red, and like the preceding sort to be named as a possible successor to are flat on one side snd convex on th MilNewport, so the prssent attitude Of so- other and resemble the Barnyard of absence and wrinkle. sis In let Is destructive rather than cial prophets creative. Opponents of this View asAccording to the Mark Lane Exsert that no similarity between Newthe average ylelda of wheat press Saraport and its two predecessors - the principal countries of - the fortoga snd Long Branch could ever ex-li-t world are: United Kingdom, 82.7k It is always tbs hotel life that bushels; Germany, 22 bushels; Canhas never been characteristic of Newada, 18 bushels; Roumanta, 14 bushport, for so many millions of dollars els; Austria-Hungar- y, ISA bushel residences In that Invested are costly 12.20 bushels; Rusal United States, th character of tho town can movor 10 bushels; Indio, 1.30 bushels, Auschange entirely tralasia, 7A6 bushels. us Onm. Next In Importance to the divine profusion of water, light, and air, those three great physical facts which render existence possible, may be reckoned the universal beneficence of grass. Exaggerated by tropical heats and vapors to the gigantic cane congested with its saccharine secretion, or dwarfed by polar rigors to the fibrous hair of northern solitudes, embracing between these extremes the maize with its resolute pennons, the rice plant of southern swamps, the wheat, rye, barley, oats, and other cereals, no less than the humbler of hillside, pasture and prairie In the temperate zone, grass is the most widely distributed of all vegetable beings. J. J. Ingalls. two-thir- plants and hoes snd picks the fruit, her lead from side to side and snd even assists in packing It for ship- tering violently. ment to market. And when the money comes from selling the produce, the result of the sweat of an honest monkeys brow, Mattie Is given some of the coin. This, her owner says, she carefully deposits in an Iron church avings bank, where Mattie has accuAnd Mr. Far-re- n mulated nearly $200 Were It not for Mattie's says: vanity and consequent love for fine apparel she would in time own her ova farm. Her cleverness and the things she does may be shown In a page from her dally life. Mattie sleeps In a small trundle bed near that of her master. Fanner Farren, in a picturesque, riM for tho Ooftt cottage, surrounded by tall On a gopd many ot our farms there trees and flowers and ferns. She alIs a place for the goat Sheep will ways awakes at exactly S oclock in eat a large number of weeds and are the morning, and takes a long, thin very serviceable in that regard, but tick, which she keeps for that purthe goat carries the same Idea to a far pose, pokes It Into the cages of the greater length. Sheep are grazers primarily and browsers incidentally. But THE FAMOUS PLEIADES. goats and browsers by nature. They will live and flourish where even a Why They An Particularly bWtMUas sheep will grow thin. Kinds of teed to tho Astronomer. that would Bend the sheep into the The problems presented by the group sick list will support the goat and of stars known as the Pleiades are make him fat. A writer on goats says among the most Interesting in astronthat they will pass by cultivated omy. It can have been no mere chance grasses to get st burdocks, mullein that has massed them from Among and thist'es. The bushes that are conMen of ordinary their fellow-starsee but a halt dozen distinct stantly springing up on our waste hillsides might he kept dawn' by goats. objects In the cluster; those of acuter There Is no doubt that a million or so vision can count fourteen, but it Is of goats could he distributed among not until we apply the our faims without In anyway Interpower of the telescope that we fering with the stock now being kept realize the extraordinary scale upon which the system of the Pleiades 1 A Rubber With the Paris InstruProducing Shrub. The constructed. rubber substitute discovered by an ment Wolf In 1876 catalogued 625 stars Italian In Central America Is ob- In the group; and the photographic tained from a shrub called Yule and survey of Henry in 1887 revealed no other names by the Indians and less than 2,326 distinct stars within known as Synathereoeas-Mexlcana- s. and near the filmy gauze of nebulous This shrub grows rapid- matter always so conspicuous a fealy and abundantly,, reaches a height ture of ths Pleiades. The Pleiad stars of about three feet, and may be easily are among those for which no meascultivated. While it does not yield urement of distance has yet been made, a milky juice, pounding and macera- so that w do not know whether they are all equally far away from us. We tion In naphtha or other hydrocarbon solvent extract gum amounting tfc see them projected on the dark backas much as 40 per cent of the plants ground of the celestial vault; and canweight. This gum hardens only to' a not tell from actual measurement viscid, sticky mass that has the valua- whether they are all situated st the ble properties of rubber, may ha vul- same point in space, but we may concanised perfectly, and la superior to clude on general principles that th most rubber in Its freedom from gathering of so many objects Into a The plant single close assemblage denotes commechanical Impurities. may bs treated either In a green or a munity of origin snd Interests. The one andry state. Ae prepared, the gum con- Pleiades then really belong to of la their nature the other. What of the solvent tains a residual portion and th composition, hailed as ths mutual tie? YWhst la their mystery, twentieth century gum.' Is claimed to and caa we Solve it T The moct offer a saving In ths cost of reproductheory Is, ot course, suggested by we know to be true wlthln bur what In in the puriexportation, plant. ing to.New-to- n. fying materials, la fuel, in machinery, own solar system. We owe the beautiful conception of graviand In time. tation, that unique law by means of which astronomers bare been enabled Theres no1 gain without pains ver-du- uisn the Farmers' Review: Every re vine-cover- s. eye-sig- ht space-penetrati- ly oh-ric- ri chat- Sh believes in eating, does Mattie, food for man and beast, and for man beast, too, for she likes her own share Immensely. So she liberally fills the bicket for the chortlng hogs and scatters grain for the myriad chickens aid geese and for the beautiful carrier pigeons, which she greatly admires. While the carriers eat Mattie will stind within their coop.wlth arms aklmb and email head critically perchel on one aide, will regard them with evident pride and with high approval Farmer Farren describes Mat-tie- s (Ur's work as follows: "Tb sway to the cow pen, for there old Pretty and Brindle Betty are catting wistful glances over their shoulders, wondering when they will be milked. Mattie delights in milking cows. Her milking stool Is higher than that of the average milkmaid, for Mat-ti- e d ss tall and her Is sot In well-aim- rd one-thir- to reduc to perfect order the seeming tangle of planetary evolutions. The law really amounts. In effect, to this. All objects suspended within the vacancy of spaee attract or pull one another. How they can do this without a visible connecting link between them, is a mysttry that may always remain unsolved. But mystery as it Is, we must accept It as ascertained fact It ts tht poll ot gravitation that holds together the sun and the planets, forcing them all to follow out their proper paths Why should not this same gravitational attraction be at work among the Pleiades? If it Is, we must suppose that they, too, have bounds snd orbits Set and Interwoven, revolutions and gyrations far more complex than the solar system knows. The visual discovery of such motion of rotation among the Pleiades may be called one of th pressing problems of astronomy today. We feel sure that the tl me-I- s rip,-- and that the discovery Is actually being made at the present moment; tor a generation of meu is not too great period to call a moment, when we have to deal with cosmic time New York Post E-f- Tb ds eUiidm Xrtps Ca British peerage Is getting to he a sadly complicated thin- g- Eves trip Up not only occasionally, but frequently, la trying to get things Tight In the Court Circular. It Is al- m most a regular occurrence to see In that Interesting publication, snd in list of corother Official documents rections which stralgbtenli out tbs error In ths titles of a lot of somebodies or uobodles. it is possible that' oven ths American newspapers are more uniformly correct la th spelling of Che name of English royalty and nobility, snd giving their titles, than the Court Circular. Dur B-t- -- -- Wlot AUmlillwe lhfMtm turns out England, Promising men sr so numerous that It I a great pleasure to meet a man who has actually dons something. F Birmingham, every v week 200,000.000 buttons, 4,000 miles of wire ot different size, Eve Every on Is billons enough at time tone of hairpins, 500 tone of ante and to he romantic. 20,000 pairs of spectacles.