4 't SECOR A 1V1ZZARI), TOO INVENTOR EDISON HAS RIVAL. A NEW John t. 8ror rroulin to K'tolatloalie Trauaatlantlc Naiifmtion with HU New Kjiiui or I'rupaliloa Xrlikn leaua Dor alert rlrlty with beaming eye- -, I should very mucn like to e Mr Bingham, the man who, they say, la ao rich' Napoleon hlmatlf mho was nex er In AmerKa, has lift on record Ear kinder as well as more numerous refervnus to Washington than hU knavish A Third Experiment nt PATTI. MME. She Made Her First Appearance as a Singer In Aunlralla and Babaeqnently Went to Paria Then rot lowed KU Tear oflneqnalod Saeceaa, le to He Attempted fftth. Despite previous failures Pacific coast lumbermen are still trying to raft log in the Pacific ctean It is stated that tail la bow nearing ..completion, at Stella, Wash, which will be started (town the Columbia river en route to the sea about the middle of June, when the favorable wea'her common to that period la expected to permit the enterThe prise to terminate successfully raft will contain 400,000 lineal feet, or 6 000,000 feet beard measure. It will be 525 feet tn length, 52 feet wide, 30 feet In depth and wiil draw between 20 and 21 feet of water The two previous ex0 periments with log rafts, costing were failures, the rafts going to pieces before they had fairly cleared the mouth of the Columbia river, and their floating debris proved a menace to shipping, and if the present experiment does not succeed steps will probably be taken to prevent repetition. Could logs be refted to mills down tbs coast It would be a great thing, but the chances are so great against the plan that It will probably never be common method of leg transportation on the Pacific coast ME. MELBA (Mrs. Armstrong), wife of Captain Francisof Arw.itronf, England, has won. w Ulan- - thelast.fi,, years, the highest distinction In Paris. London, Brussels, Mil&n and the chief American cltlea. She ia of Scotch descent and was born in Australia At a very early age she began the study of the pianoforte with her mother, who was an amateur of ability. Later she continued her studies under professional teachers, taking a course on the organ and also in harmony and composition, thus securing the groundwork of a thorough musical education, which must have proved of inestimable value after the began her career aa a singer. Wheir about twelve years old It was discovered that nature, had endowed her with a voice of unusual beauty, and after'liavlng taken few vocal lessons In Australia she accepted tha advice of friend and went to Parts, where she plaoed herself under the tuition of the famous Mme. Marchesl. Notwithstanding the objections Interposed by her father, Mr. Mitchell (who waa one of tha commissioners of the Melbourne exposition), a lyric career became Inevitable, and upon the completion of her studies with Mme. Marchesl she made her debut on 240,-00- EUROPES SCOTCH EARLIER STRUGGLES OF NELUE MELBA. ON RAFTING LOGS. nt Stella, HE recent reports of the transatlantic compasteamship nies snake. t wpar-ettiat many of these corporations are either lostrg or barely money meeting expenses The shovrihg made by the debit and credit accounts of the two great crack "flyers Is decidedly discouraging In this age of steam It Is painfully evident that these ships' carry too much coal hack and forward between New York and Queenstown More than half of the available space In the Interior of the Campania and the Lucanla, for examt le. is occupied by the machinery and boilers, in addition to which S.OK) to 3,500 tons of dead weight in the shape of coal has to be carried out of the port of departure So little space Is left for merchandise and passenger that the ships cannot be made Such is the explanation made by the engineers. The mind of a Jules Verne can very readily Imagine a time at which (if the dumping of coal ashes Into the Atlantic continues) a causeway will be formed between Sandy Hook and Rouses Point! The dream of scientists and engineers of Edison and Tessla, especially is the direct conversion of fuel Into electricity, which they expect to reconvert Into a propulsive mechanical force. Such a dream Is now realized by John A Secor, who has attained the direct conversion of fuel Into a propelling force sufficient to move v essels without The intermediate transformation. writer recently saw the latest Secor boat propelled by the direct combustion of fuel. This craft had no screw, paddle, boiler or steam engine, and it li within the bounds of truth to say that the control over the machinery far surpassed that of any steam engine In existence A party of engineers were seated in the boat, and it was propelled up Newton Creek by its own engine. Stated in its simplest form, the Secor system consists tn the use of several Inclosed cylinders. Into which are Introduced a mixture of air and atomized fuel which, being automatically Ignited, Is discharged directly against the external water at the stern of the vesof sel The Instantaneous explosion drives the vessel forward in the the water just as a rocket Is elevated In the air The explosions, under perfect control, are produced with a regularity and average 300 per minute The commercial revolution likely to be effected by the success of this direct system of prophlfcton will be as great as that following the original Introduction of steam, ,The economy of the system is so great and the bulk of the fuel to THE MOTHER-IN-LA- Christina Has a Daughter om Each of ths Principal Throaaa, Christina, queen of Denmark, who la of all known aa the mother-in-laEurope, because of her ability to make matrimonial matches, U also responsl- w There areiwo r,1M lhr( humireJ an1 twenty arda long leading tq the moun nagine works the ropeajtkkh re us,a!n a weight of seventy tons "i transit from tha town to tha station occupies scarcely five minutes, Wberiv it took a. whole day. On the ifsftral principle of flue carriage line that delivers parcels and change in stores, aa effective and rapid mean of " various points may be secured The rope--t ram way Idea 1 yet 1 iut before another ten yearshav paR,Pj lhll invention Will be utilized to connet t buildings of all 1 1 Would be of untold value could a simple rope ami basket lie so arranged that one might pa-- a from house to outbuilding's of snow, atoec-v-- e rain, stepping frum ,,e sheltered entry atribebaw-- f without coming in contact with tha ground The time and need are here, and onlv await the Inventive genius who ahull put these into practical operation. wa LVpL'T U WITH It TlRITSJlT ILLIAM M. CHASE president of the Society of American mem-(Artists and National Academy of Design, bu been man of note a painter who dlacua-zioprovoked an artist who excited admiration ever alnee hi work was In New Tork Close observers of the works of artists put on public exhibition have for ten yeara paat seen that Mr. Chase was at once marvelously Industrious. genuinely sincere, and always consistent In his performance. They have, therefore, anticipated what waa inevitable that a time would quickly come when the general public and thl grtlst s professional colleague would acknowledge In him a leader, and grant to him a position somewhat higher than that held by any one elites The reaultaea-ao-ofn the many public exhibitions of thl ia that thla acknowledgment and thl position have come, and there be few who will care to dispute either tha honor of tha one or the authority of the other, write Philip Poindexter In Leslies Weekly. The season began laat November with the loan exhibition of women's portraits That exhibition waa commented on In thl paper, and the statement waa made and proved that Chase and one or two of hi contemporaries notably Sargent and Thayer were auc h masters of portraiture that there was no longer any excuse for Americans to go abroad for artistic work of this character. At that exhibition Mr Chase had six portraits, and one of these, a portrait of a lady In a white ahawl. now the property of the Penns) I vanla Academy of Fine Arts, was considered by very many to lie the best woik In the whole exhibition. The portrait of his mothei was also a most distinguished performance, and won high praise from every lde. Then came the autumn exhibition at the nt a academy, and to this Mr Chase portrait and a landscape, both excellent The character of the picin quality tures contributed to thla exhibition by Mr Chase is an Indication of the difference between him and many other The autumn acad in his profession. emy exhibitions have generally been pretty bad, and artists have aa frequently as not concluded that anything waa good enough Jo lend to It. Not so Mr. Chase. He hold that if an exhibl tlon should be contributed to at all the s rtlst should send of his beat. So to this he aent aa good things aa ha had. But It will have been noticed that he always sends to exhibition thing that are complete In themselves and good aa he know how to make them. He hr n. first-exhibit- ed Thomas c. Ths Man Who platt. gold to Mohs and ta-h- o Governor and President. Thomas Collier llattt, New York a famotia republli an qmlitirlan. waa la urn In Owego. that slate. In 1533 He matriculated at Yale college, but on account of falling health left there before graduation to enter upon a commercial career. He became conspicuous as a successful operator lu hanking and lumber enterprises in 1872 and U74 h waa elected to congress f rum Owego, In 1881 he was chosen to succeed Francis Kernan In the 1nited States senate. His service In the senate waa, however, of short duration He at onca fell Into the friendship of Roacoe Conk-linWhen President Garfield saw fit fo rebuke Senator Conkllng by giving the New 1 patronage to the republhans both New York senators resigned their seats, but not York about thirty canvases In all must have been very Industrious and have doA Nothing else but paint. But aa a matter of fact, he has been very busy man apart from this. In, tha summer, as la- - well known, he haa hi art school at Shlnnecock. beginning on the first of June; In the fall, winter, and spring he teaches, lecture, and criticise at the Art Students' League tn New York, and the Brooklyn Art School These occupations take up completely two day In the week all the year round. Then he ha two classes in hta studio, one for men and the other for women Besides this he has lectured during tha paat winter In Cleveland, Washington, and Philadelphia. Thla represent a very busy life apart from painting; ana as a painter It la tolerably certain that he accomplishes mure In quantity than any of his contemporaries &Ar for the quality that la a matter which has been previously discussed. . Mr. Chase is 'thinking quite eerloualy fiin?TTig TdJ WTTnF method of lf He has in contemplation the taking of class to Madrid to study In the school of Velasques; and later a class to Holland This would necessitate hi up his local classes If he carry thla scheme out and he feels that he haa taught long enough to be entitled to give up auch dutlea when he return to New Tork he will probably have hia studio In his own house, and tha old and familiar building In Tenth atreet will know him no more. But whatever be the scheme of hla living, we may be aura that he will always be true to the high mission which waa given to him with hla life, and will labor with unflagging Industry to Interpret nature salt appears to him. nd da deliver the message he haa for ua and for posterity. -- gtv-In- JOSEPH B. FORAKER. Spokes of as a Probable Soeeeeeor- to Calvta S. Rrless Joaeph B. Foraker of Ohio ha lately been named tn connection with a seat tn th United Btates senate. Tbs term s-- gas CHRISTINA. OF DENMARK ble for the betrothal of Prince Albert of Sax Coberg Gotha to Wilhelmina, queen of the Netherlands Christina is mother of the czarina of Russia, Emma of Holland,, the princess of Wales and empress of Germany. Through her tn for her dustry as a husband-hunte- r daughters, she has In this way been able to hold the peace of Europe In her owrr palm, as It were. Wilhelmina of r. Netherlands Is her grand-daughte- Gladstone and the Language. ' In addition to a scholarly and critical knowledge of Greek and Latin, Mr. Gladstone is almost as well versed In French and Italian aa he ia in English His familiarity with the latter language won a tribute from the Italian ambassador to England, who, after a three hours conversatloiTwIth the in the Tuscan tongue, admitted that Ur, G bedstone had not hesitated a moment for a word, or used any but the right word tn the right place. Mr Gladstone is still busy with general literature. He expects soon to have ready for the publisher an edition of Bishop Butler's works, with lull annotations. Eagente as Empress. JOHN A. SECOR. A great many portrait of be carried so small In proportion to Eugenie of France have been that of coal that a tremendous reduction in the carrying rates must follow. published in this country within the Sailing vessels will be fitted with auxil- past twenty years, but none of an idea of what the original iary engines that can be started at a minute's notice. The adoption of the really looks like. This is especially so Secor system will be of vast pecuniary since it Is given out that she has never value to the people of New York State, sat before a camera aince a few months for the reason that no necessity will before, with Napoleon III, she abdicatexist for deepening or widening the ed the throne of France to the Repubcanals, as recommended by the recent licans. The portrait printed herewith them-conve- constitutional convention, because the absence of any propeller, or paddle will obviate the wash and consequent destruction to the banks. The Standard OH Company and the bulls of Wall street have been making use of the Completion of the Secor system and a consequent largely Increased use of petroleum to rapidly advance the price of oil 7 Washington aad TallejrrandL There were many men to whom It was permitted to look upon the two greatest men of recent history, Washington and Napoleon M. le Marquis de waa not one of this number, though he visited America. In 1794 Talleyrand, having been already lied from France, was warned to quit hours. He England within twenty-fou- r fled to America. Apparently In Falmouth he met an American general, of whom he begged Biters of Introduction before starting With a melancholy smile the general said: "I am, perhaps, the only American who cannot give you letters for his own country. Alt the relations I had there are broken and I must never return to the states." It waa Benedict Arnold. Talleyrand did, however, get a letter front Lord Lanadowne, who waa acting in opposition to the Pitt government. Arriving In Philadelphia. Talleyrand who reaent hta by extreme spited tn a'of note, marked phrase that he was unable courtesy to see Talleyrand for reasons of a political nature, which he would readily understand, He had no Intention of payhonor which ing to a political refugee might be distasteful to both England and France. In his memoir Talleyrand Tnakes no mention of thl Incident, but be ha hi revenge by telling about the landlord in Machiaa. Me . who had. he . r said, never seen Washington. to should go Philadelphia. j you yoa will Talleyrand, I went on.".sys Pe pleased to see this great man. jj0 doubt I shall,' but." be added. bn MME. MELBA. Oct. 15,1867, under the name of Melba, as Gllda in "Rlgoletto at tlie Theatre de la Monnate, Brussels Ho Immediate and brilliant was her success that the lntendant, who had arranged for a single performance only, engaged her for without hope of being by the legislature then in session. They were disappointed, however, for the legislature chose their successor shortly aftreerward. Conkllng, broaen-heartetired to private life and four years later a term, and she appeared as Lakme, died. Not ao with PlatL He became Violetta, Ophelle and Lucia-- . Subse- president of the United States Express WILLIAM M. CHASE, quently Sir Augustus Harris engaged Co., and has managed to cut a wide in the ln-ther for Covent Garden, and imthe sea- swath In State politics. He managed ,ntay "have made ne son of 1888 She made her debut in Enggubernatorial campaign for Levi P. security of hi aspiring youth, orbutIf he land In "Lucia, with a success well Morton laat year and now ha charge nothing of th kind now, Londoes he keeps them In some hidden reremembered by all opera-goin- g cesses of hla studio, where none may doners. Then followed another long engagement In Brussels, after which After the autumn exhibition In New she returned to Pari. - and- - having Tork the annual exhibition In Philastudied under the composer the part of the heroine In Ambrose Thomas "Hamdelphia waa held, and Mr. Chase contributed ten or twelve picture, some let," ahe made her appearance at the of whl ' had previously been seen In Grand Opera In thejfharacter of OpheNew Tork. He received ths Temple lle. which waa successfully repeated and times gold medal for distinguished service to enthusiastically eight Mme. the fine art, and hi portrait of the praised by the French critic Melba next studied In the role of Jullady In the white ahawl waa bought Art by the for the Academy iette, with the assistance of Gounod, and appeared In that character in Temple fund, while hla "Still Life was London In June, 1889, with Jean 'de bought for the WagstafT collection In Fairmount Park It was at this exhibiKeszke In hla favorite part of Romeo. tion that the merry impressionists In the winter of that year she waa the favorite prims donna of the Grand hung the pictures to suit themselves, and placed Mr. Chase's canvase as Opera at Parls where ahe jang the aa possible. But It disadvantageous role of Marguerite,JuHeUe, Ophelle, made no great difference the glory, Lucia and Gilda. The latest assumphonors, the medal, and the gold were tions of Mme. Melba have been the all for Chase. The next exhibition of in Thomas of Esmeralda Goring parts In name. of Elsa that Importance waa at Cleveland, where Wagner opera and the title role In community long enslaved by material"Lohengrin. ism has enfranchised itself, and now "Elaine, composed by M. Bemberg crle out with longing Impatience for expressly for her, to whom, by the way, the enlightenment that art can bring. and to Jean de Reszke, the work la dedTwala and Health. made a icated. Mention should also be made The latest Interesting characteristic At thla exhibition Mr. Chase of the of Mme. Melbas, beautiful Interpretaof Mark Twain to be made public Is great showing, and the honors were easily . his . To him, for tion of the part of Michaela In Car- hit capacity for preserving kuiji health occasion , ... . men. Mme. Melbas phenomenal suc- pn only four hours'' sleep a day. This ptcture, now a I cess at the Metropolitan Opera House, seems Incredible, though hla life as a Mother and Child, was awarded the New York, and in Boston and Chicago pilot on the Mississippi may have prize of two hundred and fifty uollar e during the last two seasons is too well trained him to do with leas sleep than for the best figure-piecNext Mr. Chase sent picture to the known to require more than a word of ordinary men. Mr. Clemens Is said to mention. Her triumph on the concert spend his mornings reading nd smok- two great annual exhibitions of the Sothe stage have fully equaled those In the ing. and hla afternoons Writing and ciety of American Artist and ofshow opera. Her voice la of a remarkably smoking. In the evening he reads and National Academy. The society was Chase's show. That la all that pure, beautiful and sympathetic qual- smokes again I to say about It, With twelve a the there with extensive range, very ity, each one a brilliant work of canvases, tone being crystalline In Its clearness. Of Simple Tastes, Indeed, If any artist U even doubtful. tha It art. Is It perfectly throughout Vasxary. the Prince of Hungary. 1 register and her vocalization. In the a man of the most simple tastes, and anywhere ao easily anU so masterfully compurest Italian style, I almost unrivaled when he first entered office his task waa displayed In one exhibition his In fluency and may aafely said to be rendered doubly hard by the fact that manding superiority" over his contemTb Shaw prize for the best faultless. hitherto he had been but a poor Bene- poraries. was aw arded to him for hla figure-piec- e He Prlmq-tUdictine monk. to drove the l A Himpla Means of Transportation. A Friendly Cal)," and the picture, In a palace, at Oran, public cab, Webb The ascent ef mountains and the for the test landscape waa prize on hia knee a Cage containing Ing by way, I an to earning of necessary articles up very carr) Impressionist, given hi pet canary. steep incline necessitate an enormous of consolation. Mr. Chase presume, amount of labor and time. It la poswas not eligible for this prise, aa it Is Klplloff0' EfH. sible to put up wire-rop- e tramways at awarded for the work of a man not Itudyard KlpIing la Said to have-- ' a very small expense, and have the? forty. AT" thwscademy Mr. Chase of remarkable blue eyea, which yet so arranged that loads can be brought pair three pictures two , portrait showed U characteristic up at a minimum of the cost and trouble once seen are never forgotten. , During and a landscape recent visit to Washington he at- now Involved. A sample of this device piece. la a wire tramway recently put up at tempted to go about the city incognito, think that a man who Gibraltar. It connects the signal at the dtagu!S.T?;ntUreVerre1, reDdered hU, I h.Tthi." mrwork woVthy'to eahown top of the rock with tha town below. tn public exhibition In onejeaao- nd, he pot-boil- er y of-Fi- Talley-rand-Perigo- . EUGENIE, was painted prior to the fail of Paris and la still among the treasures of Tulllertes. To Rescue Neufeldt. James J. Coyle, of Pomona, Cat , ia planning an expedition up the Nllejto the Soudan country to rescue Dr. John Keufeldt, the Austrian prisoner of the Khalifa, with whom he served In the Soudan under Gordon. Coyle Is a native of England, and when 17 year of age became attached to a corps of BoyaIClvIl Engineer In the military service of Egypt. lie lived In Alexandria several years, and spent seven years In .the Nile region and one season In Khartoum. He haa traveled several times across the Sahara Desert. Coyle Is now a hotel-keepat Pomona. Every dollar of his profits ha been saved for the expenses of his proposed expedition. er f I I JOSEPH B. FORAKER OF OHIO. ' of Calvin S. Brlcs expire March 4, 1897. and It will be the duty of the next Ohio legislature to elect hla successor. Mr, Foraker haa been named as th most likely man for the place, provided a republican legislature la chosen in November next. If a democratic legislature should be chosen Senator Brlcs would be succeeded by a member of hi own party. Origin of Gas. , Experiments to determine the source of gaa have recently been made. Scientist have become weary of theories, and It has been thought worth while to - make . experiments that should demonstrate facta paat doubt, rather than compel students to look merely to popular opinion for their authorities. The experiment were made with dried seaweed, which waa steeped in water freed from air. After certain number of hours, gas waa generated. This waa thrown out for ten , days, when the quantity was sensibly diminished and ceased altogether. After long time of standing, more gaa waa thrown out, the different quality from letter befng"-othe first, consisting, as wa ascertained, largely of methane, which la th principal element of natural gas. These trials seem to bav demonstrated that very alow decomposition of vegetable matter la responsible In part for that .. article known aa natural gaa. . -- T About Jmil Whltremb Rllsjr. ; ernes Vhttcomh RU.-wrdes r-- y lowly and with painstaking care. Bill Nye, hi old associate and friend, say that, he digs hi pencQ into the "paper so hard that the several sheets below form manifold copies of the original. Mr. Riley la very careful of his dialect, which la said to be absolutely faithful to life. . Sometimes, according to Mr. Nye, he la willing to leave a poem ya-finished for a year In order to secure the exact word needed. " y Marv A. -- Lharwsrs Mary A. Llvermore.'tfle aged Woman Suffragist and temperance advocate, ia Mid to be nearing the end of her useful life. A cold contracted at the recent national conference of leader la said to be the cause of her present Illness. ... MART A. LIVERMORE. The portrait of- - Mrs. Livermore presented herewith wa taken some year ago. It Is the last one she has had taken. Aaotrallaa Rabbit. Itl Australia the erstwhile despised rabbit was lately being turned to good use, a large number of these vermin having been shipped to London In n frozen condition. At first they realized about a shilling apiece, but the ever-l-n the creasing supply" has quite spoilt 148.-0market, and now that there are fron rabbits awalthig shipment from Melbourne alone It Is doubtful whether the price realized In future will leave the shipper much profit. It ta said that Melba la to wed the young violinist. 08 Ada-mows- ky.