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tX)t y I I "This is the 2 ! HP Church Unmrsal SEP ! s j II ' faith." -'H i . JvVWNVW--" . rN ra - CHURCH CALENDAR. I Juik lA-voi "- Sucred Heart. I Sumlay, W Fourth after v Pent. St. Juliana I r;ivr.iii'ri.'s. viii. Iv-'-; (S. Luke v, 1-11. luost I Muif.l.iv. Si. Silveriux. aR"-d 1 'l'lic.-'lr.y. l'1 St. Alo.vsiu.s (ionzapa. 'oil's I Vhicsdii.v. '-- Sj. Germaine Cousiu. ? of j Thursday. J:.J St. Ethdredu. 'her I " 1 riday. 1 1 St. John the Uapti-t. Ua.v. : S.iturdav, ." St. William. of a 1 ' for I LATEST ABOUT PLAIN CHANT. " A J n the London Tablet of most recent issue Dr. 7 I f,vk- wriu-s: . n -One f my informants begged uie to eminasi.e 1 f 4MH-. ia!I.v these throe points: (I) The tr iditional 1" (,.,-on'an -hant is for the most part very easily : of ,;:!!! d and executed; ()the different parts, sueh 011 .,- ill,- Craduals, Alleluias and Tracts, may, aeeord-'',s aeeord-'',s i 1 1 the, dispensation o;iceded in the rubrics, be 11 j '.vMpIicd by orpin, the words lu-injr merely repeated j i.'i.-notoiio in ihe choir; and (8) al lthe Gregorian : 7UI-1. -flies of the; choir may be rendered either in ' ; iit or modern music fulfilling the conditions j -ribed in the lotu Propria. The printed proof? , i i i '( i he new typical cflhion will be ready in about ' f I V. ;': months. The notation of it will be the same j -hut f ihe SoL-nies edition the only difference 10 j inur ihaL ihe 'rhythmical signs introduced in the : .,; :,ur: as a guide to the interpretation of the chant, r'e j v-i!j be found in the typical edition.' t'S n- HAIL HEART OF LOVE. '- H;i::g s.v(Ht flowers, roses, red, to tell our love 1 jr,,r .lfu-' Heart all burning with love for us; a ,vz bright lights in myriad numbers to bespeak nv tiaiiifs of our heart's response to His. Let mind ) jn-iifVr and feast itself upon the thoughts o.f God's - jiiiuiiif love for us, and let soul and body rejoice (.tvr the sacred presence of Him who is our God f ;,!tf' our brother at once. Let eartli be raised to - J;-;;nii. for heaven has come down to earth in the ' .(ivi Heart of our Lord. lie reigns upon the al- ' j Jar. angels are His bodyguard. The tabernacle is : Ji throne, ami all mankind about sdiould be His ' .Mil'.i ft-. How vivid we can make all :hs if we -nly pray for a lively faith. Faith tells us our i- our altar, waiting there 1o sustain u v.nh S Jlim-fi!'. He is there as our viaticum waiting to briii- 1-) His heavenly home. He is there our ; victim 1o bo offered up in sacrifice for our souls. lb-art of Jesus, heart of love, bind us more and ri'-iv to Thee. Let Thy presence be our delight, as Thy tit-light is to bt? with us. Let us forget all f.iiiiily iliings because of absorbing thought of ; 'I lift . Let earthly love depart and Thy love fill our hoiii- and our love be Thine. 'Tis thus we can know joy and gladness, t "Tis ;hus we can kill sin and sadness, n loving (JoJ and Him alone, And being loved from off His throne. O Sacred Heart: O Heart of love, I Keep all our love in Thine above. "Whilst here we labor, litre we pray. Do Tli"U bide with us night and day. ; From out Thy flowing heart of love, Send forth the fire our hearts to move, And be our light and be our life, To bring us safely thro" the strife. Tii.it war is waging fierce and wild, ' Save. O save Thy helpless child, "V Shi.-ld in Thy heart. Thy heart of love, J A ml bring us safe to Thee above. I IN ST. PETER'S PIUS 2 AS I SAW HIM. "ihili' past eight, sharp. I will meet you at the I f-ii-i vf the colonnade in ihe Piazza of St. Peters;.'" ' Tl.c words came buzzing through the telephone i by !)i-;in of which I had. with much difficulty and ' iii.o.jy interruptions, Iteen communicating j ' my pension under the Pincian hill with my 3!:-;!-'li'iim- friend in his cloister on the Avontine. P t)i. last intelligible hrao that reached me; : r I I left wondering exactly where our rendez-vni rendez-vni jft which eii'l of the colonnade, and, in-!:--i. which et-lonnade; for, as everyone knows, lii' ivart two, inch sing in their mighty semi-circles of n-uml jiillars the great Piazza with its tall obe- li-k and leaping fountainse. Whatever happened, j ! ) f : : i -1 not fail to meet my kind monk, armed with ! iii'- little yellow ticket which was to admit me, a Vihjiim from far lands, to a privileged place in the ;;i-iliea for tlit great festival a place under the v ry -had-Av of the baldachin, the central point of the august function of the morrow j li was niily a few minutes past eight next morn- 1 wln-ti,- resfihrd lo b.- in lime. 1 stationed my s-Ti" at the end of the north colonnade nearest lo ? t-i'- l-p-nze d'T of the Vatican the likeliest place, 1 th-.iiL-ht. lllue enim as-ciideruut tribus, tribus f I'-'ttdtsi. Cardinals and contadini. ju'elales and pil- j : : in. n aiil women of all races and all ages, -; arriving in scores ami hundreds afoot, in jr ; -ia-i s. in cabs; advancing in orderly crowds ; -. :-"tidt ihe Porta !i Uronzo, where the black and ; il-w Swiss guard scrutinized each comer, and -uri'ig up ihe great stairs to the side doors of the .'-.i-ilif.i. lihiek-c-iwled monks, loo. there were in j - n;y. ea'-h ami all furnished with their Gregorian j i. ii-if b.mk- but where is my monk, without whom j I .smiM.i cross yonder threshold i. It is after half- l T:.-i fighi. ami the tlirong grows visibly thinner, b-r be c..n,( not. Ah, here he is! A hurried greet- ' - "It was at ihe other end of the colonnade that i I waiting! Xo matter!" we loo pas up the x -'. 'i-. t lu n a few siej)s along a corridor, through a j g- ;. -I'-oble fbi.ir, and we are in St. Peter's. It I like gelling into the open air again, so vast the space, and so distant seem the towering walls, i , i.ttng with ibeir festal damask of crimson and gold. " i ierywbere a surging sea of faces, from end to - :id ami from side to side. Cut in the middle of j :' nave a broad passage is kept clear by the Pala- 1 :n- guard, in their sombre, telling uniform of black j I an.! white. Our yellow tickets pas us through into 7 ih ch ar road, and so we move en unimpeded, right i v;. t. the confession, with its clustet of golden ; !..niis burning over the tomb of the apostles, and i:n-. ihe right-liaud transept, where are mustered :h- great array of sing(-rs. monastic and secular, v li-- are to render today the church's own especial her iraditional Plain Song, in the most glo-j;--ns temple of Christendom. ; There is a pause now. while moiisignori jiass to 4 i !!! fro. canons in violet ami spotless lamb's wool ! iipp.-is. and chamberlains of honor in their dress of " eeremony black doublet and eb.ck, sword and eatnlirie ru. Put soon there is a stir at the far end f of the great Basilica: the opening chords of ihe i I'.-iie's March, played by the Pope's own trump:H- I ;-. break upon the silence, and one sees in the f 'ii-tance ihe beginning of the long proeesr-ion. I Siately ami slow it advances up the wide nave I prebendaries ami camms, prelates and abbots, bish- oops, archbishoi)s and cardinals, all in order due. f S- ine fifteen or sixteen mitred eminences there are, j e.-iiMiieuous among them Bampolla. with his strong f el. ar-eut features; rani Merry del Val ,the young s..-n-iary of stale, tall, dark and handsome, with I .' -; i exj)ression of countenance singularly winning f - 'id ;)i t ract ive. . Immediately preceding the Pontiff walk the 1 1 in. miiers of his noble guard, in their rich uniforms, 'i ood-looking, well-set -up men ail j then the heads i of the Or.-ini and Colomia princes assisting at the r""'.iitical throne, Xow we catch 'sight of the tall liidxHi, the o.-trich feather fans waving on either ! . I ' side of the Pontiff's chair. A thousand white 'handkerchiefs are waving, too, Upttering in the hands of the faithful as the august -procession passes by. It is the only sign of welcome-; -for the Tope has most stringently forbidden the cries of greeting that were wont to salute his predecessor as he entered St. Peter's. And the silence is, in Irulh, far more impressive than Used to be the shouts. (; So, borne high on his St-dia Gestatoria, with the folds of his long embroidered manto gathered round him, and wearing the sacred pallium, symbol of his supreme office. Pius X passes through the serried ranks of his children gathered today from many lands, and blesses them as he goes. Serious indeed is his look, but not sad, as some have described it. Jfis thoughts, one may believe, are partiy of ihe multitudes who throng round his feet, but more of the sublime mysteries which he is about to celebrate. cele-brate. Peace, benignity and perfect recollection r that is the impression, deep and unforgettable, which the sight of his countenance makes on me as the procession sweeps round the entrance to the great transept, and we, the children of St. Benedict, whose special festival it is today, kneel low 'to receive re-ceive his blessing as he passes onward to his throne. Ave Mari. i l NOT AS I WILL. Klimlfoiiled and alone I stand With unknown thresholds on each hand; ! The darkness deepens as I grope, j . Afraid to fear, afraid to hope; . Yet this one thing I learn to know Each day more surely as I go, i That doors are opened, ways are made, ' Burdens are lifted or are laid, By some great law unseen and still Unf at homed purpose to fulfil, "Not as I will." Blindfolded and alone I wait, Tjoss seems too bitter, gain too late; Too heavy burdens in the, load. And too few helpers on the road; And joy is weak and grief is strong. And years and days so long, so long; Yet this one thing I learn to know Kach day more surely as I go, That 1 am glad the good 'and ill By changeless law are ordered still "Not as I will."" "Not as I will!" the sound grows sweet Kach time my lips the words repeat. "Not as I will." the darkness feels More safe than light when this thought steals Like whispered voice to calm and bVess "Not as I will," because the One "Who loved us first and best has gone . Before us on the road, and still For us must all his love fulfill "Not as we will." HELEN HUNT JACKSON. A BEAUTIFUL PEAYEE. Invocation by Archbishop Ryan at the presentation presen-tation of the endowment fund . of the chair of American history by the Knights of Columbus in Washington recently: "Eternal and most sacred God, the Father, son and Holy Ghost, we adore Thee! "We come to offer of-fer our substance to Thee; to give for the education educa-tion of Thy children, that it may in future redound re-dound to Thy glory, and we say to Thee, O omnipotent om-nipotent Father, that Thou shouldst send Thy benediction bene-diction upon this great country; and upon this great representative institution send forth wisdom, that sitteth by Thy throne, that it may illumine, the intellects and warm the hearts and unify the spirits that shall here learn to perpetuate the great benediction which Thou hast bestowed on man. "0 Eternal Father, in the works and by the merits of Thy Son Jesus Christ, we lift up out-hearts out-hearts and faces to Thee, ami say: 'Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed by Thy name; thy kingdom come; Thy will be done, on earth as it is 'in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our frespases as we forgive those who Irespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, tempta-tion, but deliver us from evil. Amen. , "And Thou, Second Person of that Holy and Everlasting Trinity; Light of Light; True God of True God; begotten, not made, consubstantial to the Father by Whom all things were made; Who, for our salvation became incarnate of the Holy Ghost and the Blessed Virgin Mary; Who was made man and granted to us the blessing of Thy redemption, redemp-tion, be with us in all our days; be with our families; fami-lies; bless us, O Lord and Savior! 'And Thou. Spirit of God, Who proceedoth from the Father and Son; AVho, together with the Father and Son. art adored and glorified; O Spirit of God, give to this hour Thy Light and Grace and Hope; and perpetually give to those who have to teach here the illumination lhat is necessary for their personal knowledge, and for the sanetifieation and education of Thy children. "And thou, too, O Holy Mother of God; Seat of Wisdom; Spouse of the Spirit; Queen of the clergy; cler-gy; do thou kneel at the throne of the Blesed Trinity; Trin-ity; pray" to the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, that ilie gift that is here offered may be accepted by the Most High, and that in turn He may send down from on High His choicest blessings." PEACE AND BEST. ' It will all be over some day, and we shall be with God in our home, ''the promised land"' of heavenly hea-venly rest ami peace. And the happines of that eternity will be increased. by the dear sweetness of the thought that it is merited by the crosses which we 'have borne here below and which will then be turned into eternal joy. God will be glad to have us there; Hi joy and ours will be. all the sweeter when we look back on the sufferings of life which helped to earn heaven for us. Father Dignam, S. J. EVIL LITEEATUBE AND EASY riVORCE. Our esteemed Unitarian oontemparary, the Christian Register, in a strong editorial "Concerning "Concern-ing Divorces." says: "As matters are, our chief danger is a solidifying of public sentiment in favor of so loose a marriage relation that Ihe family will be undermined. The evil has been working in two ways first, to a weakness of the sentiment which holds that marriage is for life, and second to a growing disregard for a solemn oath. There has been a studious and protracted eort in literature to show that marriage is praeitcally a state of bondage: bond-age: that it generally yokes together two persons who are ill adapted for co-operation, and. that, when this occurs, the tie ought to be easily severed. For the whole of one generation our novels and romances ro-mances have been dealing with broken marriage vows and constructing a now code of morality that would do evil in order that good inierht be brought about. Thtse boooks constitute a large share, of the reading of our boys and girls at the period when their sentiments are. shaping their life purposes. Loove, from being a sentiment of self-denial and even philanthropy, becomes in popular consideration considera-tion a delightful passion, but a passing sentiment involving more of desire and pleasure than of obligation obli-gation and self-restraint. - In all respects this sort of literature is unwholesome un-wholesome as to sentiment and false as to facts. Would we have the mismated compelled to live together in misery? We would have the people taught that their misery is probably largely due to themselves and not to their companions. As. a matter mat-ter of fact, divorce has proved to be a lamentable failure in the way of increasing human happiness. It has done nothing appreciable toward improving social relations. ThelProtestanf churches should take hold of this problem with the belief that they can act upon it as precisely as the Catholic church. There should be no toleration given to a breach of contract that involves dissolution of the family relation, re-lation, an outrage upon children, the unsttlement of society, the perversion of descent sentiment, the defiance of the teachings of economic history, and disloyalty to what are held to bet he laws of God. . MY EOSARY REALS. A little pair of Rosary beads, As plain as plain can be. But only (tod in heaven knows How dear they are to me. I have tin in always with me At every step I take. At evening when I slumber, At morning when I wake. Jn bright or cloudy weather, In sunshine or in rain. In happiness or sorrow, 111 pleasure or in pain. It helps me in my struggles. x-It x-It reproves me whtn in sin, Its look of gentle patieln-e Rebukes the strife within. In days of pain and anguish The greatest help I knew "Was to hold my Rosary beads Until I calmer grew. Po when the time approaches That I will have to die. 1 hope my little Rosary beads Will close beside me lie. That the holy nfline of Jesus May be the last I say. And. kissing my sweet Rosary beads, My soul shall, pass away. NUNS OF GOOD SHEPAED IN SOUTH AFRICA. Xuns of the Good Shepherd from the mother-house mother-house in Angers, France, are now establishing a house in Johannesburg. South Africa. The little community consists of five religious. The mother superior is French, two of her companions are Irish and one, tlio assistant superior, a Massachusetts lady, who left her native place a few years ago to enter the order of her choice in France. As the work of the Good Shepherd is- charitably most of its establishments have thus far escaped dissolution. But it would.be rash for any community commu-nity to feel security under the present French government. gov-ernment. We have been privileged to read some o fthe letters let-ters written en route by these missionary nuns, and a few extracts will be of interest to our readers. The travelers crossed the channel to England and . made a brief stay at the convent of their order afc Finchley, near London, till it was time to embark on their long voyage. "We had reconciled ourselves to being separated on the train,' writes one of the nuns, of their journey jour-ney to London, "when a gentleman speaking French invited us to his carriage. II" spoke English but poorly, and he asked our very honored mother to tell him when w ik-' red CWden. as he had to change there. . Mter a long silence, si-lence, he asked in French if we were of the Order of St. Teresa. Our mother told him our order and our destination. He showed great interest, and spoke most sympathetically of the need of our work in Johannesburg. He told us he was a Portuguese from Oporto, and had known a Sister of the Good Shepherd, whose family name was Fitzgerald, who returned lo the mother house, where she died. He had also known the daughted of Count , our Mother Mary of the Divine Heart. He was called in consultation to see her before her death. "'Then you arc a doctor!' we cried. 'Yes he answered; and he spoke of the beautiful deaths he had witneseil among the religious, but never a death like hers, llis eyes filled with tears as1 he' spoke of' her heroic patience and resignation in her extreme sufferings. ''We became stil Imore interested, and searched our pockets for the little leaflet of Mother Marv of the Divine Heart, which he was most glad to read. "lie told he was going to St. Louis to demonstrate demon-strate a machine he had invented. What kind of a machine j Xow this is not Jules Verne, nor a fairytale. fai-rytale. He has invented a machine for extracting azote, a newly discovered constituent of tin atmosphere, atmos-phere, from the air," and utilizing it to fertilize barren bar-ren ground. 1 couldn't think I understood correctly, correct-ly, so I said it over,, after, Mm. When you see red iire in lightning, that is the azote, which is burning. 'Even though his machine is not now accepted by the scientific world, he will still be satisfied. He is working in the interest of humanity, and be has started air enterprise which some one else-will continue con-tinue and bring to perfection. Of that he is sur?. He is now a priest, and has permission from the Pope to devote himself for four years to '.his work. He has suffered bitter persecution in Portugal, and to work with more freedom he has permission to raise a beard and to wear secular dress. "lie has letters to the archbishop of St. Louis, and all the necessary papers as a priesr. He has studied English thoroughly, but he speaks it with difficulty. A month's practice will, he thinks, give him a command of conversational English." TEXT OF POPE'S PROTEST. Here is a translation of the note addressed by the Vatican to the Catholic powers in protest agains President Loubct's. visit to Rome: . ' 28th of April,. 1904.- The coming to Rome of M. Loubet, president of the French republic, to pay an official visit to Victor Vic-tor Emmanuel III was an event of such exceptional gravity that the Holy See cannot allow- it to pass without calling to it the most -serious attention of the government your excellency represents. It is scarcely necessary lo' point out that it is incumbent on the chiefs of Catholic state-, bound as such by special bonds to the supreme pastor 'of the church, to-show him greater regard than the sovereigns of non-Catholic states, in so far as his dignity, independence inde-pendence ami inalienable rights are concerned. That duty, hitherto recognized and observed by all, in spite of the gravest political reasons, alliances or relationship, was all the more incumbent cn the chief magistrate of the French republic, who, without with-out having any of those special motives, presides over a nation united by the closest traditional relations re-lations with the Konian 'pontificate, and enjoys, in 'virtue of a bi-Iateral -compact with the Holy See, signal privileges, a large representation in the Sacred Sa-cred College of Cardinals, and, consequently, in the government of the universal church, ami also exercises by signal favor protection over Roman Catholic interests in the east. Therefore if, by coming to do honor in Pome that is to say, in the very seat of the pontificate, and in the aDostolic palace itself to him who, in defiance of all right, usurps the civil sovereignty and restricts the necessary neces-sary liberty and independence of the Holy See, the chief of any Catholic nation commits a grave offense of-fense against the sovereign pontiff, the offense committed com-mitted by M. Loubet was graver still. The fact that, nevertheless, the Papal Xuncio has remained in Paris is due solely to .very urgent, motives of a special order and nature. The declaration made by M. Delcasse to the French parliament to the effect that this visit implied im-plied no hostile, intention toward .the Holy See can-not can-not alter either its character or its meaning, for the offense is iii the act itself, and the more so because be-cause he Holy See has not neglected to warn the French government against it. Public ' opinion, both in France and in Italy, did not fail to perceive the. offensive character of thatj visit, intentionally sought by the Italian government with the .object of weakening the rights of the 'Holy See, the digni ty f which was insulted. The Holy See regards it is its chief duty "io protect and defend its rights ari dignity in the inVerest of the Catholics of the wlolc world. In order titat a p:wnful fact should nt constitute a precedent, the Holy Seo has found itself obliged to protect against it jn the strongest md most explicit manner, and tire undersigned Ordinal secretary of state, by order of his Holiness, Holi-ness, informs yoiir excellency of it. requesting you Fo bring the contents' of the present note to the knowledge of the government of ' ( CARDINAL MEKKY DEL VAL. ; BRINGS VATICAN TREASURES. Count Cagiatti, a Roman nobleman who has been appointed by Pope Pius X special commissioner commis-sioner of the Vatican to the St. Louis exposition, is in Xew York with the treasures the Vatican has sent to this country. The Count was last week the guest of Msgr. Lavellc at the Xew York cathelral rectory. During his stay in Xew York he will be entertained by Archbishop Farley. "J have brought with mo to your American exhibition ex-hibition those treasures from the Vatican which will be of especial interest to Americans, said Count Catriatti 1o a reporter. "I see that, it has been stated that the Vatican jewels will be brought to this country. This is not so. for "they are never taken from ihe Vatican. The exhibit will consist largely of old manuscripts and illuminated volumes vol-umes of ancient workmanship. I have the Vatican I Bible, which is, I believe the most valuable in the world. One of the most valuable volumes I have in the collection is the margin noted copy of Cicero De Repubiiea. This was discovered by Cardinal Mai when he was the librarian of the Vatican, and it has held the interest of scholars the world owr. "I have also autograph letters from many of the-Popes, the-Popes, and grants and bulls of appointment of your first American dignitaries: also letters concerning the expeditions which led to the discovery of America. Amer-ica. The collection includes the death mask of Leo XIII, made by Galli, and a cast of the late Pontiff's right hand. "Perhaps the most elaborate feature of the Vatican Va-tican exhibit will be the specimens of Vatican mosaic mo-saic which we have brought. "Nearly 400 years ago the Popes started a school in the Vatican for this art with the idea of beautifying cathedrals and churches only. This has since spread to secular branches and has been advanced to one of the highest high-est forms of art. I have a number of valuable portraits por-traits and miniatures done in mosaic so tine that they almost defy the eye to detect the difference between them and high-grade miniature painting. We also have mosaic scenes of various parts of Rome." This is Count Cagiatti's first visit to the United States. He speaks English perfectly. "Most Romans do," he explained. "There are many 1 Americans there. We like Americans, and the Holy Father considers them his stanchest friends. America has mothered Italians, and the church in this country has done much for the protection pro-tection and advancement of our race. I have been interested in the great work being done for the Italians here, and I am surprised at the vast number num-ber of beautiful churches you have for Italians." Count Cagiatti will go to Washington to visit Msgr. Falconio. the apostolic delegate, before going to St. Louis. It is believed that the delegate will accompany him to the exposition. The count will remain in the nited States untill fall. GERMAN CATHOLICS AGAINST DIVORCE. At its recent convention in Jeerson City the German Catholic State Union of Missouri went out of the beaten path by passing a strong resolution against the growing divorce evil. The Review reproduces re-produces the same in full: "Marriage is infinitely more than a civil contract, con-tract, and the contrary doctrine we denounce as false, illogical and degrading. We hold that' the sacred bond that unites husband and wife in marriage mar-riage cannot be broken and is not disolvcd until death do them part. 'We deplore as a national disgrace the prevalent divorce evil, that has fixed upon our country the infamous distinction of being among all civilized nations of the globe the most reckless disturber of the marriage tie, the most frivolous destroyer of homes. We believe that modern history holds forth no record of any moral calamity greater than has befallen our country in consequence of the loss of right principles and the resultant moral., corruption horrifying both in character and extent, which is traceable to the terrible laxity of the several states in exercising an alleged power, by so-called aK;o-lute aK;o-lute divorce to dissolve the bond of marriage a bond which we hold the state cannot and does not create, which is beyond its control, and which therefore there-fore it cannot destroy. Against this shameless condition avc raise our voice in earnest 'and solemn protest. "At Ihe same time we were gratified to know that the evils of divorce tire becoming recognized more and more. We note with satisfaction that there has been for some time past, a great outcry all over the country against this mortal plague of divorce, and we hope that this opposition will swell to overwhelming proportions, so as to assure the stamping out of the evil. Believing as we do that there is but one efficient remedy for the evil, we heartily welcome every approach to the Catholic ideal of marriage, the only true view, that 'man may not put asunder what God hath joined together.') to-gether.') "As citizens of Missouri we regret that the law of our State -contains most loose principles upon the subject of marriage and so-called divorce. We, therefore, out of a sence of decency and out of a sense of right, jind as citizens of our beloved commonwealth com-monwealth of Missouri, having the welfare of our State at heart, are justified in demanding, and we do hereby demand : "1. The abolishment of the sanction -of law given giv-en to that certain form of concubinage, known as the common-law marriage This so-called marriage mar-riage is without excuse in a civilized and well-regulated well-regulated community, and to entitle the parties to such concubinage to bear the sacred names of husband hus-band and wife, is an insult to respectable members of the community. Every sueh so-called marriage uhall by law be held to be null and void. "2. We demand the repeal of the divorce law of Missouri, for the reasons among others herein above enumerated, and we respectfully urge the legislature legisla-ture to recognize, defend, and act upon the great mora Iprinciple that true marriage never is and never can be disrupted by law. It will be a glorious day indeed when the great commonwealth of Missouri Mis-souri follows the illustrious example of South Carolina Car-olina in this particular regard. "In those few serious' causes that may require the separation of the married, whether temporary only or otherwise, the law ought to provide for a judicial separation, or separation from bed and board, to protect the children; to enforce maintenance mainte-nance and other personal and property rights and duties, and neither necessity nor a sound public policy requires more.'-'