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|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Article Title||father D'smet Plant the Cross in Montana|
Minn b'sriET tupts the ckoss in nmmm The following- graphic description of , . tht? hardships of planting the cross among the Indians of the Northwest by that honored and revered pioneer missionary, Father DeSmet, is taken from the Christmas edition of the Anaconda Ana-conda Standard, which is by far the most elaborate and complete newspaper ever printed west of the Missouri river. Its illustrations are simply, superb, rejecting- the splendid abilities of Trowbridge. Trow-bridge. The Intennountain Catholic extends its heartiest congratulations to Messrs. Durston and Walsworth in . having secured' so eminent an artist. In the heart of the beautiful Bitter Hoot valley, beneath the shadow of St. Mary's p-eak. whose rocky summit, towering tow-ering into the western sky, is a landmark land-mark for many miles; shaded by a i prove of cottonwood trees planted years upo by missionary priests; its simplicity sim-plicity of design testifying to its age; Hs slender spire pointing heavenward stands the mission church of St. Mary's, rich in historical association cn d telling silently the story of lives of ! devotion to a sacred cause. Around this j li'.tle church is a halo of romance and religious legend. It was upon the site cf this chapel that, almost sixty years ago and sixty years is a long time in this country Father DeSmet established estab-lished the first mission in Montana and raised there the emblematic cross that represented the cause for which he and his associates labored. It was here that much of the nob!e work of Father Ra- valli was done and it was here that, after vears of toil and devotion, the venerable priest passed to his reward. "Dear old St. Mary's," he always called it. and the place was fittingly selected ss the resting place of all that was mortal of this good man. In the little cemetery back of the church, in unobstructed unob-structed view of the grand mountains that he so dearly loved, rises a plain marble shaft that marks the la-st resting rest-ing place of Father Ravalli. A visit to j this interesting mission calls up a flood tiije of recollections and imaginations find the visiter feels that he treads upon hallowed ground. The mission build- i ings and their surroundings are monuments monu-ments of services whose results have been more enduring and of greater benefit to mankind than any conquest of the sword. Scattered through the Northwest, and In Montana particularly, are many p. aces that are rich in historic interest. The landing at Fort Benton speaks of the invasion of commerce. The Custer monument tells its simple story of brilliant military daring and bravery. The white shaft that overlooks the Ruby valley in the Big Hole basin re- rails bloodshed and warfare. The cium-J bling houses of Dar.nack, of Mor.tar.-i City and of Beartown speak of the rush f.r treasure. The high-heaped piles of j gravel in Alder gulch and Last Chance ' tell cf successful gold seeking. All. of these have played important parts in the development of Montana. With each is associated a wealth of story, and around each clinnr many incidents cf bravery and sacrifice. All, 1 wever, sink into insignificance in com, rison with the story that belones tothati plain little church in the Bitter Root valley. j Before there was commerce at Fort j Benton: before it was known that there ! was yellow dust in the shining sands of I Montana's rivers: before the greed for gold had brought thousands to populate i the wilderness; before the beginning cf i the strife that followed the march cf the rapacious gold seekers and the unprincipled un-principled traders before any permanent perma-nent habitation had been built in Montana's Mon-tana's territory came the Black Robes t the Flathead Indians with the mess-ace mess-ace of salvation. St. Mary's mission was the first permanent settlement of whites in this region that has since developed de-veloped into the state of which every Montanan is so proud. It is the purpose pur-pose (rf this Christmas story to tell of , ihe coming of the Black Robes and the f .-'tablishment of ihe first mission. It Is a, tale of more than passing interest ari l is especially timely at this season f the year. That first Christmas at St.. Mary's mission was an event of deep significance. I THE BITTER ROOT INDIANS. "Send us a Black Robe that we may l"a rn the religion of your God" such x v. rs t'.-.e message that the Indians of the B'.tc- Ro'.t valley sent eastward by th ir messenger? almost seventy years a ). From wandering Iroquois and lr-on the white representatives cf the ft:r companies that they had seen, the Flatheads had learned of the strange, v.'i.n'Vrful religion of the white man, "lid their interest had been aroused. From the Iroquois the Flatheads j barned that the story of Christ had b brought by the Black Robes, as j till- Jesuit Fathers were called by the i :;.ivages. whose religious instincts were : -..ays strong, ana wno respeciea deeply deep-ly the holy men who braved the dan-t dan-t ' s .f savage foe and wild beast to -.-: to the pagan denizens of prairie mountain the merF.age of love and '!v; tion that they taught. l! was in 1S31. according to the traditions tradi-tions of this tribe, that a council was 1 m b i among the Indian? and it was de- ! 'mined to send to St. Louis for teach-1 teach-1 f the new religion. Of white men 'i ' s Indians had seen but little. The b st to visit their beautiful valley were ' . members of the Lewis and Clark x'ocdjtion, who had penetrated the vai-1 vai-1 y in ISfiii. These white men had revived re-vived friendly treatment from the In- iians of the Bitter Root and the sur-J' sur-J' ',;nding country. " "Selish" or "Salish" the proper name of these Indians, but 'o appellation "Flathead" was be-stuwed be-stuwed upon them by Captain Clark, r,i t from any malformation of the head, as is the case with the true Flatheads, but because when he crossed the divide into the valleys where he found these Indians he thought that he was in the Columbia basin, where he had been told he would find the red men who dis-tiguri'd dis-tiguri'd their children by the flattening process. So the name has clung to them, and as Flatheads they have been known ever since. . Later they had received friendly vis its from the white men and the red representatives of the Hudson Bay company, and it was from these, especially es-pecially the Indians, that they had received re-ceived their first information regarding the new religion and its teachings. The little that they had learned from these Sources had aroused their desire to barn more and the council was called, which was attend by representatives f 'f all the sub-trioes of the nation. It had been more than ten years since a band of Iroquois Indians, led by "Big Ignace." had brought to the Flathead Flat-head nation the storv of . the new Pospel that had been taught to them in their eastern home by the Jesuits. "Big Ignace" was an enthusiastic enthusi-astic convert and his glowing description descrip-tion of the religion of the Black Robes 'aroused a lasting interest among his hearers. At this council, held in 1831, the subject was thoroughly discussed and it was decided to send for prieets who would teach the new religion. Ignace Ig-nace and his men. had intermarried with the Flatheads and had become members of the tribe, the Iroquois leader lead-er retaining during his life a strong influence over the members of his adopted tribe. It is said that he frequently, fre-quently, at the councils of the Indians, addressod them upon the subject of this religion and urged them to send for missionaries. His words made the desired impression. The council called for volunteers to go toward the east and bring back the Black Robes. There were four volunteers who offered willingly will-ingly to brave the dangers of the long journey through the country of their enemies, a country to them practically unknown for the greater part of the journey. Unfortunately for the success of this first expedition, none of the emissaries em-issaries could speak French or any of the Indian tongues that were familiar to the whites of the Mississippi valley. These four Indians made safely the trip to St. Louis but were unable to make their desires known. Two of theim died in the Missouri city and were buried bur-ied according to the rites of the church, t n Ion rr Vnco t r 0 V i ri crc tViavf Vioi on dured exposures and hardships that resulted re-sulted in their deaths. The survivors of this expedition returned to their people, discouraged over the lack of result re-sult of their journey. SEEKING THE LIGHT. Four years later, in 183o, old Ignace himself determined to carry to the Jesuits the message of his adopted country. Two sens, had been born to him by his Flathead wife and these lads he took with him that they might receive the rites of Christian baptism. Ignace succeeded in reaching St. Louis without accident of serious delay. It had been, it is said, his original purpose pur-pose to 20 to his old home in Canada, but, learning that there were priests at St. Louis, he turned his steps in that direction. His children were baptized bap-tized in the faith and were instructed in religious teachings by the priests of j nace presented to the bishop the urgent request of the Flatheads that missionaries mission-aries be sent to them to teach thetm the gospel of Christ. His simple eloquence elo-quence made a deep impression upon j j the bishop and the promise was given that, as soon as possible, priests would be sent to the Bitter Root country. Ignace Ig-nace and his sons returned to their home in the mountains with this encouraging en-couraging message. But again the Indians In-dians were disappointed. They waited patently for the fulfillment of the promise made to Ignace, and when the looked-for missionaries did nof come, p. third expedition was dispatched to re-new the request that had already been twice proffered. This expedition was made up of three Flatheads, one Nez Perce and Ignace, ! who once more volunteered to go. I This party was attacked by hostile i Sioux somewhere on the South Platte, 1 and, although they made a desperate ! defense, they were1 overpowered Sy j force of numbers and all were slain. It I is said that the Sioux offered escape to I Ignace, who wore the garb of the white i men. but he cast his lot with his fel-! fel-! lows and shared their fate. Some Prot-j Prot-j estant missionaries who had joined the party were spared. Ignace may prop-! prop-! erly be called the pione?r missionary of the Flathead country. It was he who first brought to these Indians the story of Christ and it was he who first gave them the simple instructions that he could in the rites of the church. And now," as a fitting' close to his noble career, he rrave his life in the attempt to secure for his adopted people the teachings of the Black Robes, who would show the Flatheads the road to heaven. It was a singularly fitting close to a life of devotion to a grand principle. The grief that was felt among the Flatheads when they leamed of the fate of this expedition can well be imagined. They had loved and respected the Iroquois who had been their teacher and friend and very deeply mourned his loss. They were, however, undeterred in their purpose. The matter was discussed in council and two young Iroquois Left-handed Teter and Young Ignace, announced their intention of going to St. Louis to bring the Black Robes. There has been no family relation shown between the roungcr Ignace and former hero of the same name, but both were possessed pos-sessed of the same undaunted courage and sincerity of purpose. These two young men started for the eastern city in company with some Hudson Bay men who were to make the journey from the upper Missouri in canoes. I This was in the summer of 1S39, and St. Louis was reached in the autumn of that year. SUCCESS AT LAST. .This. time the efforts of the Flathead Flat-head ambassadors were to be successful. success-ful. Peter and Young Ignace made a favorable impression upon the bishop and the fathers of the college. Both of these Indians could speak French and they had no difficulty in making themselves them-selves understood. The bishop had been communicating with the higher church authorities regarding the previous previ-ous visits that had been made by the Flathead emissaries, and was able to assured Peter and Young Ignace that a priest would be sent at once to their people. It was arranged that Peter should return to the Bitter Root valley with the good news and that Young Ignace should spend the winter at . the mouth of the Bear river until the arrival ar-rival there of the priest who should be sent, and whom he should guide to the far western valley whose redskin inhabitants in-habitants so earnestly craved his presence. pres-ence. By this time the year 1S39 was well spent, and it was not till the early spring of the following year that Peter appeared in the village of the Flatheads with the announcement that at last the hopes of these rude people were to be realized. This village was near the mouth of Eight Mile creek, opposite the present town of Florence. There was great rejoicing- among the Indians and thev at once prepared for the proper reception of the metsenger of peace who was to be sent to them. THE FIRST BLACK ROBE. The - church' authorities had been carefully considering the question of the Indian mission during the winter that followed the visit of Peter and Young Ignace to St. Louis. The promise prom-ise cf the Bishop had been given to the-Indian the-Indian messengers that a Priest would be sent .to their people, and this promise prom-ise must be carried out. It had been hoped that two Priests could be sent, but a scarcity of funds prevented this and the final decision was that a single father must make the journey. Among I the priests of the Society of Jesus was a young man. comparatively unknown, 1 but destined tor become famous as the pioneer priest of the northwest. Brave, ! loyal and devoted Father Peter J. DeSmet. De-Smet. It was he who volunteereel for this perilous service and his proffered services were accepted. With scarcely sufficient money for the absolute necessities neces-sities of his long journey, he set forth in the spring of 1840, accompanied by Young Ignace, who had remained behind be-hind to guide him to the beautiful valley val-ley in the heart of the mountains, where his faithful, brave and trusting people waited for the message of Christ for which they had hoped for so many years. There was no pomp or ceremony cere-mony about the departure from the college at St. Louis. No gay procession accompanied the younir priest upon the first stage of his journey. His departure depart-ure was not heralded abroad and his purpose was not proclaimed from the housetops. Simply, modestly and full . of hope and confidence, the young- mis- An American Bishop will this year for the first time in history, say Mass on Christmas Eve in the famous Church of the Nativity, "at Bethlehem, Judaea, built directly above the manger believed once to have cradled the Divinest Head. Christians agree that the most sacred spot in the world is this, the birthplace of Christ, and that the holiest hour of the year is midnight of Christmas Eve, the exact hour of the anniversary of the Nativity. - Before this honor fell , to an American Ameri-can it had never been enjoyed by any save a patriarch of the Roman Catholic Catho-lic church or a Franciscan monk. The Franciscans are thus honored because St. Francis was the first to gain permission per-mission from the Vatican to hold such a service. ' The Right Rev. W. M. Wigger, Bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Newark, New-ark, is the prelate .who has achieved this ecclesiastical dignity. The bishop, who is also the head of Seton Hall college, col-lege, in South Orange, is widely known sionary set forth, accompanied solely by his dusky guide. -Receiving the blessing of his bishop, clad in the simple sim-ple black robe of his order, placing all trust in his guide, the brave young priest set forth. It was a modest beginning, be-ginning, but it was the first step in a march of peaceful conquest. That joui ney began so quietly and with so little ostentation, was destined to become a triumphal march before it was con-, eluded. Thousands of Indians were to bow to that high authority which Father Fath-er DeSmet represented and do honor to the earnest teacher Who brought to them the gosnel of peaqe- for which they had been waiting for so many years. MEETING THE INDIANS. It wajust about the time that Father Fath-er DeSmet left St. Louis that Peter brought to the Indian village In the Bitter Root the good tidings that a t Black Robe was on the way to them. The hapDiness of the Flatheads was complete. Their long-cherished hopes were to be realized. .They were to receive re-ceive an insight into the beautiful religion re-ligion of which they had been given glimpses by their rude teacher. Big Ignace. Ig-nace. The craving for a full knowledge of the story of salvation was to be satisfied. sat-isfied. All of the anxiety of years was relieved and they gave way to rejoicing. rejoic-ing. When the glad news was received the chief of the council at once selected ten-of his bravest warriors to form a party which should immediately start to meet -the Black Robe and extend to him the welcome of the tribe. The chief himself would follow with his people. The ten ambassadors, proud of their office, hastened to comply with their order's and at once set forth to meet Father De Smet. The priest had fallen in with a parry of fur hunters, with whom , he made the journey to Green River without incident. It was June 30 of this year (1S40) that Father DeSmet reached Green river, but the little party bearing the welcome of the Flathead nation was there ahead of him, waiting for the .first sight of the teacher whose coming signified so much to them and their people. It is easy to imagine the deep' joy which must have characterized this meeting as young Ignace presented to, the priest his tribesmen and the sincerity of the welcome wel-come which w.as extended to the brave young missionary. i On the following Sunday Father DeSmet De-Smet celebrated mass in the camp at Green river. His own description of this, his first service in his new field, J is -a beautiful one. His audience was composed of the few Indians, of white trappers, hunters, traders , and emigrants, emi-grants, yet it was a respectful and devout de-vout congregation. A rude altar had been reared on an elevation on the : plain, which the rough audience had decorated with" boughs and flowers gathered in the valley. The Indians have always since referred to this place as the Prairie of the Mass. THE GOSPEL OF PEACE PRESENTED. PRE-SENTED. But there wras no time for lingering. A dee responsibility rested upon the young priest, and he was anxious to meet it. On the day following- the celebration cele-bration of this first mass, accompanied by Ignace and the Flathead embassy. Father De Smet left the overland trail and started northward. In the meantime mean-time the main body of the Flatheads was hurrying to meet him, and at the end of eight days of rapid journeying, the missionary met them. This meeting occurred near the southern boundary of Idaho, the Flatheads having traveled trav-eled upward of 800 miles to greet their new- teacher. Scattered bands of Nez Perces. Pend d'Orielles and Kalispells had joined the Flatheads, till the total number of the members of the expedition expedi-tion was 1.600. The sentinels of the camp espied the approach of the little party from ..the south, the black-robed figure of the priest at once revealing his identity. The whole camp rushed to meet him, and his entrance into the village, was like the triumph of a returning re-turning victor. Father De Smet wrote .e at the time that men, women and children chil-dren rushed forward to greet him and to take his hand. He was at once conducted con-ducted to the tent of the chief. Big Face, who delivered a formal address of welcome, which was translated by Gabriel Frudhomme, a half-breed, who had been adopted by the Flatheads. Thisi address is a fine specimen of Indian In-dian simplicity of. language. It has been translated by Father Palladino, as follows: "This day the Great Spirit has ac- I complished our wishes and our hearts j are filled with joy. Our desire to be instructed in-structed was so great that three times had we deputed our people to the great Black Robe in St. Louis to obtain priesis. Now, father, speak and we will comply with all that you tell us. Show us the way we have to take to go to the home of the Great Spirit." After the delivery of this speech. Big Face offered to resign to Father DeSmet De-Smet his authority over the tribe. It j? 61ms Jot I : r ' ' FOR. THE FIRST TlMfc " I : y4f $3 fill. AllrtCiMiSltei : ' f in the church, and his learning and in-I in-I fluence and personal piety, as well as the fact that he is known to be a favorite fav-orite of the Pope, have caused him at times to be spoken of in connection with higher offices in the church. "Father Godfrey Schilling, Commissary Commis-sary of the Holy Land in America, interceded in-terceded for me," modestly explained Bishop Wigger just before his depart- j ure for Rome some weeks ago, in company com-pany with Father L. C. Carroll, rector of St. Patrick's. Newark, and Father j I. Koeberle of Lindenhurst diocese of Brooklyn. Every traveler in the east, Christian or not, tries to spend Christmas at Bethle'hem. It is the great religious, festival of the year and of the country. coun-try. Pilgrims wearily make the journey jour-ney on foot from their village homes, sometimes hundreds of miles away. Every inch of the little town has some sacred association, as the guides will tell you. But the center of relig- j ious interest is the Church of the Nativity, Na-tivity, a great structure, rough and tttttttttttttttttt time-stained, but highly ornate within. The altar is placed above the manger where the birth of Christ occurred. Most people who have never been in Bethlehem have no idea that this manger man-ger has been1- preserved narly 2,000 years. But if you go down a winding staircase in the church. -and come to a grotto, pervaded by an unspeakable hush, you will.be shown, by pious men the actual cradle, of the infant Christ. The manger is of white marble. Stables Sta-bles were built of stone in the days of Joseph and Mary. Thirty-two lamps burn here day and night.' At one end is an altar, and below it is a silver star set. into a marble pavement, and beside be-side it the inscription: "Hie, de Virgine Maria; Jesus Christus natus est." This spot in the marble floor is per-, iodically worn away, by the kisses' of eager pilgrims. And very likely -the shrine would be borne away entire if it were not for the unyielding vigilance of the Turkish soldiers who are stationed here and in the church above. The Christmas Mass conducted here by the Patriarch is most impressive. The French consul comes from Jerusalem, Jerusa-lem, surrounded by eight horsemen in gorgeous costumes of blue and gold. The Sheiks of Bethlehem come out to receive him, and the Patriarch himself, the chief dignitary in Palestine, receives him with the greatest pomp. On Christmas Eve the service begins at 10 o'clock with a pontifical Mass celebrated cel-ebrated at the Franciscan church. This ceremony is concluded shortly before midn'r-ht and then an imposing procession pro-cession bearing countless candles advances ad-vances toward the grotto of the Church of the Nativity. The cross-bearer comes first, the Patriarch last, followed by the French consul. Every priest is clad in rich vestments. The Patriarch bears in his arms, "with infinite precaution, a beautiful waxen image, of the Christ child. This semblance sem-blance of the Divine Child 'rests on silken cushions, rose-colored and embroidered em-broidered in gold.- When the manger is reached the gospel gos-pel . story of the wonderful birth is chanted by the great prelate, the Christ image , being laid in the manger and taken up again at stated points in the chant. This service lasts until 2 o'clock in the morning, and is witnessed by hundreds of the devout. was the old mistake made centuries before, be-fore, at the beginning of the Christian era.' It was not easy to make clear the fact that the kingdom of Christ is net a temporal kingdom. It was with difficulty dif-ficulty that the old chief was made to understand this. He had anticipated a new epoch for his people and had looked forward to the time when they should become great under the temporal tempo-ral as 'well as the spiritual guidance of the Black Robe. "FIRST PREACHING IN MONTANA. On the evening of that day, July 13, 1840, Father De Smet recited prayers in the presence of more than 2,000 Indians who had assembled. With what joy and thankfulness' must his heart have been filled on that sunn me r night! This speedy fulfillment of his anticipations had hardlv been expected, but it substantiated sub-stantiated the statement that had been made in St. Louis by the emissaries of the Flatheads. There was now no doubt of the sincerity 'of the people and it is easy to imagine the eloquence and sincerity sin-cerity of the prayer of thanksgiving that was offered by the young missionary mission-ary on that occasion. In all that vast audience of 2,000 men, women and children chil-dren there was probably, not one who did not strive earnestly to follow the service and to join in the common prayer. What wonder is it 'hat Father De Smet, in writing later of this evening even-ing service, said: "I wept for joy and j admired the wonderful ways of that j kind Providence, which, in His infinite j n-.trcy, had deigned to depute rne to 1 these poor people to announce to them the glad tidings of salvation." Tt was a siupreme moment, such as enters the lifetime cf but few men. There were the Indian.--, wrapt in- ecstatic joy at the realization of their fondest hopes and the simpl? man of God, rejoicing in heart that he had been made the instrument jf the salvatioa of these poor souls. The interest of the Indians in the instructions in-structions of the priest continued unabated. un-abated. Shortly after the holding of this first seii-ice the camp was moved to I Henry's lake at the headwaters of the i Snake river. Here the devotion of his new charges and the continued success of his work inspired Father De Smet anew. Surrounded by the grandeur of ; the mountains, in the 'midst of the beautiful beau-tiful valley and elated by the early success suc-cess of his labors. Father De Smet inscribed in-scribed one clay, upon a stone on the summit cif the range, the inscription, "Sanctus Ignatius Patronus Montium, die 23, Julii 1S40." It was at this camp, too, that he ce.mpuived, in the fullness ot his joy, this stanza, which is here translated from the original Latin in which it was written: "Ye Rockies, hail! majestic mounts,! Of tuture bliss, the favored shrine! For Coil's lu-art. of gifts divine. Opens this day its precious founts." .SUCCESSFUL MISSIONARY WORK. By easy stages the camp was moved on toward the home of the tribe. Camps were made at lied Rock lake; on the Beaverhead; in the Boulder valley, and then near the three forks of the Missouri. Mis-souri. The first service held in what is now Montana was in the Beaverhead valley. The missionary labors cf Father De Smet had been begun at the time of his meeting with the tribe in Pleasant Pleas-ant valley. All along this journey to the Bitter Root they were continued with unfaltering zeal and devotion. For two months Father De Smet continued his work among. the Indians who gathered gath-ered at "the cairr.p in the Jefferson valley. val-ley. Several hundred of the rude people peo-ple were prepared for baptism and mere than a thousand others received instruction. This was the first season of missionary' mission-ary' work in Montana. Its abundant results re-sults convinced the young priest that the field was a rich one for a continuance continu-ance cf the good wcrk. Father De Smet wrote in delighted terms to his friends who were laboring among the Colville Indians in Washington, telling them of the happiness cf his experienc'.; in. his new field. The confidence that the Indians In-dians manifested in him and his work was very pleasing to him. It Avas with regret, however, that the Flatheade heard the announcement of their priest that he must leave them for the winter. They were consoled hj his assurance that he would return in the following stprirrg with- other priests and establish a permanent mission, among them. It was asreed that the. mission should be located in the Eittcr Root valley, the home of the Flatheads,. and with this understanding Father De Smet bade his new people good-bye in the latter part of August. His route on the return trip was different from the one that he had followed irt comin.-? north from St. Louis.- He left Jefferson valley and crossed into the Gallatin, accompanied by an escort of braves from the Flathead Flat-head tribe. In the Gallatin, his escort bade him farewell, as their presence in the region east of there would have made the journey even more dangerous than it was alone, as it was the country coun-try c' tribes that were hostile to the Flatheads. . Renewing the assurance th?t he would return in the spring- and bring with him other priests for the founding of a permanent . mission in their midst. Father De Smet bade his escort of warriors farewell and continued con-tinued his journey eastward in.to the Yellowstone country. He reached St. Louis in safety. A threatened attack from a party :f Assinniboines was averted and the journey was continued into, the territory cf the Eastern Indians, In-dians, but the priest and his little party were not molested. At one time on the journey Father De Smet was saved by the robe of his office He was captured by a party of Blackfoot . Indians, but their chief, recognizing the profession of the priest from his black robe and the crucifix that he wore, had him treated as an honore-d guest and he was borne in triumph to the village, where the chief called the attention of the people to the sacred calling of th3 Black Robe and introduced Father De Smet to his warriors with considerable ceremony. cere-mony. There were the only incidents that' interrupted the monotony of the homeward journey and New Year's eve found rather De Smet Once more safe with his friends in the colleare at St. LjuIs. His glowing accounts c f his Ion J journey and his orlef sojourn in the northwest arcrused among the clergy new interest in the Indian mission- and many were anxious to join him in his return to his chosen field. There , was no longer any doubt as to the necessity of further work among the Indians of 1 the region that had been visited and during the winter months in St. Louis many plans for the furtherance of -the work were discussed. PLAINS Ut J?A1H.U JJiU It is not difficult to imagine the enthusiasm en-thusiasm with which Father De Smet described to his associates in St. Louis the experiences! of that, memorable summer. His heart was' full of joy over the success tlha't (had attended his ministration among the Indians and he was burning with a desire to. continue con-tinue the work under more favorable conditions. With what feeling must he have described that wonderful reception recep-tion which was accorded him by the eager Indians of the day that he for tiie first time celebrated' mass among theim! How eloquent must have been his toncue as he related the incidents which illustrated the zeal and sincerity of this simple people, seeking the true God, groping in darkness for the salvation sal-vation of which they had heard so vaguely, and then their overwhelming joy when they found that what they most desired was within their grasp. It was theirs for the taking. Yet, withal, with-al, his story must have been a modest one. for that trait was characteristic of Father De Smet. His desire was not for self-aggrandizement, but for. the education and advancement in matters spiritual and moral of the Indians, away in the beautiful vallev, where it was destined that he should establish the first ' permanent mission in the Reeky mountain region. So earnest was the young missionary and so enthusiasitc were his accounts of the rich promise of success that lay in the field that he had for the first time visited, that his desire for the betterment' bet-terment' of the condition of the Flat-heads Flat-heads and their neighbors was soon shared by all of the clergy at SL Louis, and it was determiped that a sufficient number of priests should be sent in the spring to carry out the ambitious plans of Father DeSmet. There were many 1 1 ' 1 ' ' ' volunteers for this service. For the expedition ex-pedition of the springtime, however, but two priests were selected. These-were These-were young men who had caught this infectious earnestness and enthusiasm of their companion and who were as r eager as he to aid in the furtherance of the plans that had been, decided upon. up-on. Thrse two priests. Father Gregory Mengarini and Father Nicholas Point, thus entered with the piune-r priest upon the missionary work which was destined to be their field for the remainder re-mainder of their lives. Their names are held in reverence and high esteem by many of the older residents of West-tern West-tern Montana today, who remember their pious, simple lives. THE RETURN TO MONTANA. In the spring of IS 11 Father DeSmet's-little DeSmet's-little party set firth from St. Louis for the establishment of the permanent mission which hail been promised to j the Indians in the preceding summer. Besides Fathers Mengarini and Point, three lay brothers of the Jesuit society were members of this expedition. Joseph Specht, Charles Huet and William Wil-liam Claessens. They left Missouri early in May and joined a party of California emigrants, with whom thy traveled over the Platte river trail. The outfit of the priests' party was composed of saddle horses and pack animals, together with four carts and one wagon drawn by oxen. These wera the first oxen to be brought into the region that is now the state of Montana, Mon-tana, When Father DeSmet left his Indian friends the summer before, he had promised them, as already stated, that he would return after the winter had passed and organize amongst them a mission that would be their church home. This promise was accepted by the Indians as the only consolation that could be found for them in the departure of the Black Robe who had come among them in answer to their prayers of many years, and they promised prom-ised him in return that they would meet him at a point which they named, and which was near the Wind river mountains. The date fixed for the meeting was the first of July. The In- dians were true to their promise and at the appointed time a village of ten . lodges was to be seen on the trail which was traveled by the missionary party. The latter, however, wnre delayed de-layed and it was two weeks after the time when they were expected that they reached the rendezvous. The food supply of the Indians had become exhausted and they had been compelled! to so to the hills for hunting. But j they had sent word to Fort Bridger that they were waiting for the priests, in whose coming they had absolute faith. . Father DeSmet sent forward from Bridger his guide, John Gray, to notify the Indians of his approach. In response to this message a delegation of the Indians, with all possible haLste, hurried forward to meet their returning return-ing teacher and his friends. This advance ad-vance delegation seems to have been selected with a special view to the relations re-lations of its members to the efforts that had been made to secure the presence pres-ence in the Bitter Root of the Black Robes. At its head was the oldest man 1 in the Flathead tribe, a brave named Simon, who had received the rite of baptism from Father DeSmet the previous pre-vious year. Then there were the sons of 'Big Ignace, who had been baptized at St. Louis many, years before; Young Ignace, who had been one of the successful suc-cessful runners who had reached St. Louis with the message of the Flat-heads; Flat-heads; the brothers of the members of the band that had been massacred by the Sioux in an attempt to reach St. Louis and others who had been of influence in-fluence in securing the presence of the misisonaries. The interpreter wa3 the half-breed Frudhomme, who had acted for Father DeSmet on his previous visit. The meeting of the Indians and the missionaries was an affectionate one. Father DeSmet had made good j his promise to return and the Indians . rejoiced in this advance of good faith. More than that, however, they had become be-come attached to the young misisonary and they welcomed his return with sincerity and friendly affection. THE MISSION ESTABLISHED. The Indians, as already stated, had exhausted their supply of provisions while waiting for the arrival of the delayed de-layed missionaries. The rations of the priests, too, were running low and their animals were much worn with the long trip from St. Louis. It was therefore decided that a detour should be made to old Fort Hall, where the supply of food could be replenished. Prudhomma and others of the advance party went to the main camp of the Indians to secure se-cure fresh horses for the priests and their companions. Jhe stay at Fort j Hall was a brief one,' lasting only four j days. During this time fresh horses ; had been received from the Flathead j village and the missionaries had taken f a much needed rest. They bade good- 4 bye to their emigrant 'companions of the long journey and, in company with the delegation of Flatheads, started toward to-ward the main camp of the Indians, which was near the headwaters of th j lieaverneau nvei. xuejt una proceeded ,1 but three or four days upon their journey jour-ney before they began to meet small bands of the tribe, whose impatience to meet once more their priest had become be-come so great that they could not wait for his arrival at the camp. The greetings greet-ings between the misionary and his dusky charges were always the same. The Indians could not express the joy I and satisfaction, that they felt at the f safe return of the priest and he in turn was overcome with joy to note the gladness of his charges. It was Aug. 30 ! when the main camp of the tribe was j reached. With all the native dignity i and pemp of this rude people, their J chiefs extended to the missionary and! I his party the welcome which .was sin- J cere and sublime. It was an occasion that beggars description. Years after, I wheni he described it. the eyes of Fath- 1 er DeSmet would fill with tears as he . related the devotion of the Indians to him as the representative of the new j religion, for which they had sought so t many years. I ! It is a scene 'worthy of a master J brush, this meeting of the brave young j priest and his new people. Imagine the J j impressive surroundings: the crude I I pomp of the savage tribe; the earnest endeavor to express the joy that welled I into the hearts of this people; the f struggle between- the native reticence of J the Indian and this desire and, on the ! other hand, consider the feelings that j must have surged through the hearts of the priests, who had sacrificed every- thing to carry to this people the story of f . Christ. It was a magnificent theme. "j That first service must have been an , impressive one. The prayers of thanks- giving and the hymns of joy must have ; been eloquent with sincerity and must . (Continuexl on page INTERESTING- NEljS: glTOfl MONTANA - Planting tbe Cross 7n lllontana Stak (Concluded, from page 1.) have made a deep impression upon this tribe, assembled there to greet the priests. But the tribe was on its way to the "buffalo country" for its food supply and for skins. . To delay this expedition ex-pedition meant possible suffering- during dur-ing the winter, and that was to be guarded against if possible. ' It was, therefore, agreed that the main body of the tribe should proceed on this journey jour-ney to the plains of Eastern Montana, while the missionaries with a small escort es-cort should make their way to the Bitter-Root valley, where they would es-" es-" lablis-h themselves and await the re turn of the hunting party, which would return in the fall. Accordingly, Father IVSmet and his, companions oror.?d tbe continental divide and entered the peer Lodge valley. From there the journey was "easy and was mad? with-' out incident The route lay through tho peer Lodge valley, along the river to the mouth of the Little Blackfoot. which is near the site of Garrison and the junction, of the Northern Pacific and .Montana Union railways today. Still following the river, the priests passed down through Hell Gate canyon. This canyon and its stream the missionaries mis-sionaries named "St. Ignatius" river i-.w canyon, but the other- name has survived. Down through this canyon, ihen a dense forest, the little pa.rty made its way to the head of the valley where Missoula standi; today. Then.-e the route oi-ossed the valley of the Bitter Boot river and a day's-journey along this beautiful stream brought the party to its permanent stopping place, which was to:be made the site of the first mission in Montana, a point in ihe magnificent meadow that , lies be- tuoen the present town tif Sevensville and the river. '. ' THE BITTER ROOT REACHED. In the calendar of the Catholic Church Sept. 24 is designated as the Feast of Our Lady of Mercy. It was upon this day that Father DtlSmet and bis party reached the incomparable valley of the Bitter Root and made their camp, upon the broad prairie bottom bot-tom beside the river. Influenced by this propitious incident, the priests be- stowed upon the snow-capped peak that rose above, their new camp the name St. Mary's, and St. Mary's peak it has remained. It is no wonder that the party was pleasantly impressed by the scene that presented itself to them as they, looked out over the valley that was to be their home. Around them on all sides stretched the grassy plain, dotted here and there with groves of pine and cottonwocd the one bright-green bright-green with their ne-er-fadimr foliage, and the others taking on the lirst tinge of yellow that betokened the approach of winter.- On the east rose gradually the rounded hills, that rose to .meet tha clear autumn sky. On the, west towered the rugged point of St. Mary's peak and the rocky battlements and but-' tresses of its neighboring- mountains, all tipped with the first snow of the autumn au-tumn month. - To the north the valley stretched away with its rolling surface broken by the beautiful groves that gave it the appearance of a grand park, and to the south it sloped toward the mountains, whose broken outline was clearly defined in the brilliant" atmosphere atmo-sphere of a Montana fall. In both directions di-rections could the course of the river be traced for miles by its fringe of trees and shrubbery. It was a. scene to inspire in-spire an artist and it must have af- '' forded the brave missionaries much pleasure and satisfaction to know that their work was to fall in such pleasant places. It is no wonder that they said, "It is good to he here." , . , And here, in the midst of these matchless surroundings, fit setting for its holy purpose, was reared a few days later the cross that marked the real establishment es-tablishment of the mission of St. Mary's a mission, that has played an important part in the upbuilding of the splendid empire of Western Montana and that is associated with some of the noblest names in the history of the Northwest. As long as history js written writ-ten these names should be preserved PeSmet and his devoted associates, Ravalli. Ra-valli. d'Aste- and the rest of the self-denying self-denying priests whose influence at all-times all-times insured peace with the Indians of this part of the country and aid?d so materially in the development cf the' region which they practically discovered. discov-ered. This cross was not a magnificent affair. It was not "emblazoned with sculpture or ornamented with inscriptions. inscrip-tions. It was a simple thing, built of rough logs, crudely secured together, for there Mere few implements for the fashioning' of finished carpentry among the missionaries. Two logs, the longer about twelve feet in length, had been bound together with thongs. That was all. but this simple emblem was suf-licienr. suf-licienr. It told of the consecration of the place to he work of the Master. Its silent eloquence bespoke the sacred-i;fss sacred-i;fss of the purpose with which the fathers had invaded the valley, hitherto hither-to almost Unknown to white men. It was the emblem of the new religion which was to be taught to the faithful Indians whose desire for more knowl- ige thereof had led them to risk life its. if in the endeavor to secure the presence amonig them of teachers who could lead them to the narrow way. I Pule it was in workmanship and devoid de-void of ornamentation, but its simplicity simplic-ity tohi. the whole story more graphic- a!!y and with more force than could the most ornate emblem of the Church that was ever reared toward heaven. THE CROSS. Father DeSmet, Father Mengarini MVl Father Point soon after their ar- ; v! in the valley proceeded to the : ection cf this cross. They were as-s as-s d by the. three lay brothers who l.-ol accompanied them. Brothers v-eht, Huet and Claessens. while the J; ::ans. gathering around, lent what ;:' they could. It was an impressive S' - tie. No grander cathedral ever i' '.'-- to a more significant service - in that which was performed by lie se young missionaries upon this oc- as-.on. With the infinite dome of heav-! heav-! for a roof, with the rugged m'oun-t.rr.s m'oun-t.rr.s for the walls, with aisle and choir transept carpeted with the rich e- issy lawn that formed the valley, v ith the bright splendor of the autumn i-'-r. streaming over all there was: i Miing lacking in the rich provisions the Creator for this important and - -ply significant event. PriesJs and lay brothers all wore the simnle black '-bet-, of their order. This uniform in-si:r.d in-si:r.d immunity from attack by the savage tribes through whose territory ti'i.v had passed on, their Ions summer j'-urney. As the brothers planted the ei nss the priests chanted the "Vexilla Regis." The Eoft earth was thrown an und the base of the cross, a prayer "f thanksgiving was offered and the mission of St. Mary's was established. The event was the consummation of ihe hopes- of the Indians and the realisation real-isation of the prayers of the priests. It was a holy hour. -. The formal inauguration of the mist-ion took place a week later, on the first Sunday in October. This was the Feast of Our Lady of the Rosary. Rude cabins had been bupt for the shelter of lb? missionaries and a small log chapel constructed for a house of worship. wor-ship. The Indian.? expressed great de-licht de-licht at the completion of thi? building. To have in their midst a. "Houm of the Great Spirit' had been tht ir desire for s long that-lt seemed hardly possible that it was now realized. A singular coincidence, which added much to the strength of the impression made upon the Flatheads by the erection of this chapel, was an incident of, which the fathers were ignorant for sjome time. This is told In -an interesting: manner by Father Palladino in his history of the mission. Father Palladino says that rbi prutK knfw nothing- of this . ' ' FATHER DE S31F.T RAISING THE CROSS OF CHRIST. IN MONTANA SIXTY YEARS AGO. . ' occurrence until after the church had been comDie'ted. ' , . ;.' A PROPHECY. The church had just been finished, when an old Indian exclaimed when he saw it: "Why; this is the very spot upon which Little Mary said the house of prayer would be built." It seemed that several years before several lodges of Indians had been camped on ,the place and one- of the children, known as Little Mary, a girlpf about 13 years of age, became ill and died. At her own request she was baptized by one of the Iroquois who was- inthe camp. She was deeply grateful for the administration admin-istration of the rite and expressed her thanks. 'Before she died she said: "There is no happiness on earth. Happiness Hap-piness is only to be found above. I see the heavens open and the Mother o Christ invites me to her. Listen to the Black Robes when they come. Do all they tell you. They will come and on this very spot where I die they will build their house of prayer." When, the chapel was erected and the Indians found that the prophecy of the young girl had been true, they were deeply impressed. Naturally superstitious, they regarded the fulfillment of the omen as verifying their faith in the missionaries. EARLY MINISTRATIONS. The news of the arrival of the Black Robes soon spread among the neighboring neighbor-ing tribes and these shared in a measure meas-ure the earnest desire of the Flatheads for the ministrations of the priests. Father DeSmet's record shows that on one day in October the missionaries received re-ceived the representative of no less than twenty-four tribes, all' anxious to receive the instruction that the fatheads had come to give. All Avere encouraged encour-aged and were assured that as soon as possible the work of the mission would be extended to the tribes represented. Tho importance and the splendid possibilities pos-sibilities of the new Hold were beon more and more apparent. THE FIRST CHRISTMAS. The approach of winter witnessed the return of the Flathead hunting parties-from parties-from the. .. buff alo country. They had given their promise to meet the priests in the Bitter Root early in December, and before the 1st of that month all were at tha home .camp once more. On the 3rd of December an important .ceremony .cere-mony was performed at the mission. About one-third of the- Flathead tribes were baptized. The eagerness of the-Indians the-Indians to learn more?, of. the religion, made thotnx willing pupils and the priests found the time all too brief for the immense amount of work that presented pre-sented itself for ' their fconsideration. They labored unceasingly and the good results cf their, efforts soon became apparent. Christmas was drawing near and the missionaries began their .preparations" for the celebration of this,' the most important im-portant holiday in the church calendar. With all the solemnity-that was possible possi-ble under the circumstances this holy day was observed at the new mission. The priests were, encouraged and the prospects for the success of .their work .1. 0 .4. i. A A A A -i. -A. .1. .4. .i. J became brighter as time- advanced. On that Christmas day 115 Flatheads, including in-cluding several chiefs, received the ritea of baptism, as did thirteen Nez Perces led by s chief, and a Blackfoot chief-j chief-j tain and his family. ' ' I The diary of Father DeSmet contains j the following entry, made on Christmas night: "I began my first mass at 7 o'clock in the morning. At 5 in the afternoon I was still in the chapel. Between. Be-tween. 600 and 700 newly made' Christians Chris-tians with bands of little children baptized bap-tized within the past year all af'Stm-bled af'Stm-bled within the poor church in the midst of the desert, where, until lately, l- a. a. x a. a a a a i a. a. a a a a a t T-rTrr-rr-rrr t t t t t t t t -r r t r t t t t t t r y t -r. FATHER DE SMET." ,. . the name of God was scarcely known, offering to their Creator their regenerated regener-ated hearts, protesting that they would persevere in the holy service of God until death, was certainly an offering most acceptable to God and which, we trust, 'will, draw 'down the dews of heaven upon the Flathead nation and tha neighboring tribe.3." There- is another phase of the early work of the priesitts in the Bitter Root ; valley that,' deserves mention in this connection. . It was their purpose, not only to instruct the Indian.s in religious matters, but also tot teach them agriculture agri-culture and to improve their temporal condition. Religion and civilization should go hand in hand, and this was tho plan of Father DeSmet. Accordingly, According-ly, among the first labors of the priests and their associate's was. the building of a rail fence to enclose some fertile ground, which was that fall prepared for planting. Father DeSmet . made a trip to tho Colville mission in Washington, Wash-ington, where he secured seed for crops of wheat, oats and potatoes. In the following spring the Indians were amazed to see this seed placed in the ground. They could not believe that it would not rot and be ruined and for the first time they almost doubted the priests. They regarded, too, the tearing tear-ing up of the sodded -earth. with dissatisfaction, dis-satisfaction, ast they thought it meant the destruction of their pasturage. When they saw the process of sowing, which they watched with curiosity, they were openly skeptical. But they watched closely and soon bshelc! evidence-positive that the predictions of the prieai-s had been true. William Cleiissens, one of the lay brothers, had charge of the farming work, and he was watched daily by a long line of Indians, perched upon the top rail of 1 his fenca. When the green scoots began be-gan to appear the Indians were completely com-pletely mystified, but they were also delighted at the successful outsome of the experiment and they watched with impatient interest the growth of the crop. Happily for the success of the mission" work, the yield was an abundant abun-dant one., and in the fall of 1S42 the first crop harvested in Montana was gathered. gath-ered. Of the later work of the priests in this line, in which the Reverend Father Fa-ther Ravalli played so important a part, more will-be said in a later article, when the further history of the mision will be given. ' " : --' 'J I BUTTE. I Office of The Intermountain Catholic, Catho-lic, No. 47 East Broadway, Butte Ci y, Mont Hugh E. Ryan, Manager. FATHER CASSIDY'S FIRST 1VIASS. Father Cassidy celebrated his first j Mass at St. Laurence's, Walkerville. The Church was c;owdel with a devout, yet expectant multitude, as the. sacerdotal sacer-dotal procession moved slowly up the aisle. The crucifix borne aloft with attendants at-tendants took the lead, thirty little boys in cassock and surplice, with joined hands and head3 devoutly bow-, ed, came next. A two-by-two procession proces-sion of little maids wearing floral crowns and immaculate forcks preceded pre-ceded the young celebrant. Rev. Father Blaere acted as deacon, and Father Harrington as sub-deacon. ' Father Ba'iens was assistant priest, and Mr. John Hennessv, master cf ceremonies. A word of commendation to the little boys and girls who took part, and especially to the young acolytes in the sanctuary, "W'ilr not bs amiss here. After the first gospel, . Father Batens ascended the altar steps and introduced Father Cassidy, . extending to him the good ' wishes ( of both the' clergy and pec-ple. He 'was followed by Rev. Father Harrington, who delivered the sermon cf the occasion, taking for his text the following words' of scripture: Thou art a priest, forever, according to the order of Melchesidec." In clear and concise terms he' explained explain-ed to an interested congregation the nature of the r-riestfrood, its powers, dignity and responsibilities. In substance sub-stance the reverend gentleman said that the Catholic, priesthood was the one, pnly, perpetuat and universal priesthood, and that 'all Priests consecrated conse-crated un-2er the new law were made one with Christ and sharers in His priesthood. In proof of the foregoing doctrine, quotations were made from St. Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews- and other sources. Time did not permit Father Harrington to dwell fully on the manifold points of priestly power and dignity, -but he treated the two prin- i cipal ones, viz.: The consecration of the llass and- A bsnfut ion from Sin. The consecration of the Mass he characterized char-acterized as the highett and holiest act of the priesthood wh. -rein the Creator becomes obedient to the creature. The mighty God. the King Divine, comes- again and again to earth at His consecrated conse-crated servants.' bidding. The awful I words of the const-cratiom were dwelt upon, and the Priests' right t this mig'hty and mystic power wa.-s amply proved from text. of snored scripture-. The confessional, tliat siient and sealed source of so much good, was next treated. treat-ed. Herein the- I'ritst has. a power greater than angels, a. power not even given to the Mother of God herself in this capacity dwells the sacred relations rela-tions between Pries:, and pe-n-ple. The busy world sees the exterior only, but God sees and rewards the many acts of restitution, forgiveness, and noble r sacrifice recorded there, all flowing from that power to bind or loose given by Christ to his eternal representative on earth. In regard to the divinity of the priesthood. Father Harrington pointed out what a pure, upright and blameless life a priest must live. "Pure as the siolar ray must be that hand that divides the-, sacred flesh and that tongue, daily purpled by the awful blood of Christ." Calm and charitable must be that breast that bears the God of Heaven and earth, as holy viaticum, to the sick and dying. Great are the power and dignity of the priesthood, but equally great and terrible are his responsibilities. responsibili-ties. The Priest is responsible to God for the souls under his charge and for the manner in which, and the sincerity with which he discharges his obligations obliga-tions towards them. The sick mu.t be condoled and strengthened, the lukewarm luke-warm encouraged, the erring corrected, and the doubting ones counseled. Ia a word, the spiritual wants of all must receive unremitting, patient and fatherly fath-erly care, but woe to the unfortunate Priesit who neglects any one of these yacred, God-given offices In conclusion. Father Harrington exhorted ex-horted the people to w.irk hand-in-hand in future with Father Casnidy as they had labored with Father Patens in the past. Love and reverence your Priests. Recall the words of Christ to His Apostles: Apos-tles: "He that receiveth vou, receiveth. Me, and he that receiveth Me, receiveth receiv-eth Him- t.at sent Me." After Mass the people present kne!-t in turn at the communion rail to receive re-ceive the young Priest's blessing. During the afternoon some young . ladies, with true Hibernian, names, called cn Father C'assidy and one of the r.'urr.fDer presented a neat little box, accompanied by a neat little speech. After their departure the package was opened, and a nar.dsome gold watch was found reposing therein. Father Cassidy was1 deeply moved by this generous gen-erous and costly gift. Father Patens' efforts to welcome Father Cassidy in fitting manner were ttbly seconded by his people. The notice was short, but the result successful. Father Cassidy is 3D years of age, and hails, from County Derry, Ireland. He Kudied hls classics at St. Columbs. Londonderry. Later he completed a two years' course of philosophy and the first year of theology at the famous "All Hallows" of Dublin. Two years I ago Father Cassidy came to America and completed his theological course by two years of study at St. Vincent's t Seminary. Westmoreland county, Pa. On Dec. 11 and LJ he re-reived minor orders, or-ders, and on the 13th inst. he was raised rais-ed by Bishop Shanley of Fargo, N. D. From, there the young Priest proceeded at once to hisi field of labor, in which the Intel-mountain Catholic wishes him j "ad multos anr.os." BUTTE NOTES. Compulsory vaccination is impending in Butte. Mr. J. A. Browne, sr., , of Melrose, visited Butte last Monday. Mr. Miles Finlan returned from his eastern trip on Tuesday last. Division No. A. O. H. held a special meeting in Hibernia hall on Tuesday evening. The. quarantine on Mr. Lawrence 1 s Hime, 215 North Idaho, was raised last Friday. Mr. Frank Sullivan. ' editor of the Montana Catholic, will spend Christmas Christ-mas at his home in Seattle. 3 : Mrs. M. Browne of the Butte hair dressing parlors departs shortly for a month's1 vi'.t in Seattle. Mr. Jerry Flannigan. of the firm of Browne & Flannigan is contemplating a visit to California for the holidays. The Union club, -composed of Butte's elite, has been reorganized. The first party will be given Dec. 27 at the Mc-Dermott. Mc-Dermott. - Mr. Alex H. Tarbet and Mr. Frank McGuire, editor of The Intermountain Catholic, spent the early part of the week in Butte. Rev. Father Callahan has recovered from his recent illness, and will take active nart in the Christmas ceremonies ceremon-ies at St. Patrick's. On Thursday evening last the Y. M. I. elected officers for the coming year. May the future management prove as successful as the past. The Montana contingent of All Hal- lows college, Salt Lake City, homeward . S bound for Christmas, will arrive in Butte Saturday afternoon, Dec. 23. !j - ' ?J . Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Galehaus and I Mr. Ed Naughten of Melrose will spend Xmas in Butte, the guests of Miss ". Katie Naughten, 416 West Park. Mr. C. B. McCarthy of the Germania Life, in Butte, has gone to his- Helena home for Xmas. During his absence, : business will be ably handled by the i cashier, Miss Bessie Lawlor. Mr. W. Lawlor of the Slemons & Lawlor real estate firm, departed last Thursday for Salt Lake City, where he will enjoy the "bonnie bright blink of his ain fireside" during the holidays. 4' Mr. A. J. Hoggerty of the John Cap-lice Cap-lice company departed for his home in Hoggerty. Ia., last Sunday. Mr. Hog- i gerty will spend the holidays among his friends and return to Butte about the end of January. Rev. E. P. Gueymard, S. M.,.and Rev. M. J. Murphy, S. M., of All Hallows j College. Salt Lake City, will visit s Butte during Christmas. Part of their I time will be devoted, to assisting the ; priests cf. Butte and Anaconda in both j confessional and pulpit. The Western Union wires were kept j warm for seme time last Thursday with greetings. The All Hallows Alum- ni in Butte wired seasonable good ; wishes to both students and faculty on j the occasion of the annual banquet "To j Our Boys" by the President , and pro- J f essors. . Mrs. Wrilliam Tuohy and children arrived from Kentucky last week. Mrs. ; Tuohy reports a very pleasant visit. f. but is glad to be in the west again. j Being a . social favorite, the lady'3 ' ; many friends in Butte are pleased to f welcome her to their midst. The pupils of St. Patrick's1 prrochial : school entertained their friends last i Friday with a varied and interesting programme. Since September last the I school has been well attended and good work is reported in all departments, , (Continued or Page 6.) I I I t Mlli : I I (Concluded From Page 3.) I I from minims to graduates. The Latin !I I class, under the professorship of Rev. I I Father Callahan, is making marked I progress. I John, infant son of Mr. and Mrs. I John Licnihan, died Dec. 15. Funeral t took place Dec. 16 from family restf- I I dence, 9 Center street. The many 1 I friends of Mr. and Mrs. Lenihan ex- I tend sympathy iniheir bereavement. Ex-Mayor E. O. Duggan of Butte, at I present located in Sumpter, Ore., re- I ports that Prosperity smiles broadly I over the new camp. Mr. Duggin is I one of the prominent citizens of Sump. . I ter. His many friends -wish him in- , I creas'ing success and popularity. I Dame Rumor whispers the news of a I coming orange blossom event. The in- I terested parties are Miss Annie Medin, I one of liutte's accomplished and pop- I ular daughters, and Mr. W. A. O'Prien, I , a prominent member of the Y. M. I. I and superintendent architect of the I school board. J Mr. Tern Kelly, westerm rcm-es-nta- I : tive fr the Kirkrndali siioe house of 1 J : Omaha, spent part of the week in Uutte. I Mr. Kelly .reports good times along nis j route. He intends spending: Christmas at his home in Omaha, j Miss Julia Hanniiin and Mrs. T. D. I Sullivan and son came up from Eu- reka, Utah on. Dec. 14, to attend the funeral of their uncle, Mr. John Tay-5or. Tay-5or. Miss Hannifin and Mrs. Sullivan, remained in Butte until Sunday evening, even-ing, Dec 17, the guests of their brother. Professor J. L. Hannifin of the Butte OpticaJ company.