|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Article Title||Convention Opens|
CONVENTION OPENS. j Chairman Jones Brought Down His Gavel at 12:02. Kansas City, Mo., July 4. At exactly 12:02 p. .m. Chairman Jones ascended the platform. As the wave of applause subsided. Chairman Jones rapped vigorously and repeatedly, repeated-ly, stilling the tumult, and then above the din his voice could be heard announcing: an-nouncing: "The convention will come to order. The sergeant-at-arms will see that the i aisles are cleared." Sergeant-at-Arms Martin advanced to the front and urged the crowds in front of the platform to take seats. Great disorder prevailed, the aisles being be-ing jammed with a shifting, noisy crowd of . subordinate officials and intruders, and it took some time to secure quiet. The first business was the reading of the formal call by Secretary Walsh. Chairman Jones then announced the prayer by Rev. S. M. Neel. . "Gentlemen will please be in order," said Chairman Jones, as the hum and bustle broke loose after the prayer. "We must have quiet on the floor. Gentlemen of the convention, I have the honor to present to you the Democratic Demo-cratic mayor of Kansas City, James A. Reed." A shout of applause went up as the slender form of Mr. Reed came to the .front of the platform. He spoke deliberately delib-erately and with a clear, resonant voice that easily penetrated to every corner of the hall. The first burst of applause that greeted the mayor's speech of welcome came when he spoke of the universahty of the Democratic doctrine which had penetrated, he said, wherever liberty was known and loved. He dwelt at some length on the progress of the principles of the Democratic party, which, originated, he said, with the liberty-loving people of France and . England, and came to this continent for its larger growth, and ultimate development. His allusion to the early leaders of the Democratic party, Jef-i Jef-i ferson and Jackson, evoked outbursts of cheers. He declared that Jefferson believed in expansion only as it made homes for American men upon their own continent. Dwelling at length on the progress made by the Democratic party in the cause of human rights, Mr. Reed grew impassioned in his eulogy on the good work done by it through all the years .of its existence.. A yell of applause greeted his announcement that the convention was gathered upon Democratic Demo-cratic soil, and as the guests of a Democratic Dem-ocratic constituency that had always been in the forefront of the political fights of the country. When he declared de-clared that, in the name of that Democracy De-mocracy he bid the visiting delegations welcome, and proclaimed victory at the polls in November, he was interrupted by cheers, and applause, and the applause ap-plause when he finished was long. Senator Hill entered just at this moment mo-ment and the applause turned to him. , "Hill of New York! Hill, Hill!" they shouted. But it was noticed that the New York delegation did not respond to the enthusiasm. en-thusiasm. Hill came in with Elliott Danforth of New York, and stopped at the row. Delegate John McMahon, of Rome, arose and gave his seat to the ex-senator. Hill smiled and thanked him. Meanwhile the crowd continued to yell for "Hill." "Let's hear Hill," with a few hisses interspersed, until the chairman chair-man finally rapped them to order. A few minutes later they renewed the call, but the audience was impatient to get on with the proceedings and showed show-ed their disapproval with hisses. Finally the chairman was able to make his voice heard, and introduced Governor Thomas of Colorado, the temporary chairman. A round of applause greeted' Governor Gov-ernor Thomas as he ascended the platform. plat-form. He looked the ideal presiding officer, tall, dignified, black garbed, his face showing-intellectuality and force of character. He held in his hand the typewritten manuscript of his speech and in full round voice,' easily reaching reach-ing to the remotest corners of the building, he began his address as temporary tem-porary chairman. Governor Thomas gave a brief history his-tory .of the administrations of Presidents Presi-dents Harrison and Cleveland after which he said: "The line of division between political politi-cal forces became sharply defined in J896, upon what was called the money question. That question involved, as we then asserted, and as we now know, every other economic problem. It embraced em-braced within its wide limitations limita-tions the issues of labor arid capital, of combination and competition and of production, transportation and distribution. distri-bution. It was predicted that the defeat de-feat of bimetallism would be followed by the retirement of all forms of government gov-ernment currency, by the delegation of the power of note issue to the holders of the national obligations, the practical consolidation of all lines of tiilnsporta-tion, tiilnsporta-tion, and the consequent domination of every commercial pursuit by a score of collosal monopolies. These predictions have generally been verified.' "Democratic defeat had scarcely been recorded when the march of consolidation consoli-dation was resumed. Every avenue of industry is closed to the competitive energy of the citizens, has been listed on the stock exchange and rises and falls with the turn of the gambler's card. Consolidations succeed consolidations, consoli-dations, and as they lessen in num-her num-her they enlarge in the volume of their real and fictitious accumulations and their more, despotic sway over all material and political interests. These evils, startling in their magnitude, and inevitable in the consequences, conse-quences, must either culminate in one immense aggregation, all-powerful and, all-absorbing, or be arrested and dissolved dis-solved by the force of an aroused public opinion finding expression at the polls in support of the nominees of this convention. Said Governor Thomas: "The phenomenal phe-nomenal increase in the output of gold has materially added to the general' stock of primary money and relieved some Dart of the stress of contraction which succeeded the closure of the- Indian In-dian mints to silver in 1893. The consequent conse-quent improvement in business and in the industrial conditions may be traced diractly to this fact, although the'fail-ure the'fail-ure of crops in various portions of the world and the waging of a great offensive of-fensive war, with its accompanying expenditure of treasure, have contributed contrib-uted to the general result. The enlargement en-largement of the sum or our metallic it (Coaiinued on page i. BRYAN NOMINATED. (Continued From Page 1.) money has cheapened its value, stimulated stimu-lated prices and set the wheels of enterprise en-terprise again in motion. No more signal sig-nal demonstration of the bimetallic contention was ever ' witnessed. Had the concurrent coinage and circulation of the two metals been uninterrupted they would have kept the quantity of our money of redemption in harmony with our national growth and our development de-velopment apace with the increased wealth and population. The terrible crises of the past quarter of a century, cen-tury, with their attendant miseries and bankruptcy, would have been avoided, and prosperity would have remained re-mained with us unbroken and enduring. The false plea of 1S96 that the monetary mone-tary volume was sufficient and the world's supply of gold ample for its needs is now transparent. Its error is admitted in the boast of our opponents oppo-nents that they have increased our per capita circulation. . The vast quantities quanti-ties produced by the mines are readily absorbed by the ceaseless demand for its use and its multiplied increase is earnestly hoped for. No voice is raised against its continued production. No fear is expressed that we can be embarrassed em-barrassed by its abundance. Yet its annual an-nual output exceeds that of gold and silver in the years when the latter was repudiated because of its threatened inundation. in-undation. Our opponents , stand confounded con-founded by the irresistible operation of a law thev have denied. Continuing, Governor Thomas said: "We believe in that system of expansion expan-sion which, under Democratic rule, brought half the continent as a galaxy of commonwealths into the Union. We denounce that expansion which, by conquest, overcomes the people of another an-other hemisphere under the pretext of giving them liberty which governs them by force, which denies to them the rights of citizens, which subjects the American workman to increased and deadly competition by confronting him with hordes of Orientals coming hither from so-called provinces to take his place at the forge, in the mine and the factory." Governor Thomas closed his address with an arraignment of the Republican parly for what he declared was its insincere in-sincere course and its change from a party of freedom to one of monopoly and militarism, and added: "Against the continuance of this party in power we enter protest. With the man exalted above the dollar, the constitution above the combination, the equality of all before the law-, with solemn promises to correct the abuses of administration and to enforce these j fundamentals of government which secure se-cure exact justice to all. we shall not appeal in vain to the wisdom, the intelligence in-telligence and the patriotism of the American people." ' His severe arraignment of the "entrenched "en-trenched enemy" drew a lipple of applause, ap-plause, and as he proceeded his' well rounded sentences were punctuated with generous and hearty manifestations manifesta-tions of approval. Despite his strong voice, the confusion confu-sion in the hall berame so great that much of the speech was lost to the delegates and spectators.' An incessant inces-sant hum sounded through the building, build-ing, mingled with 1he rustle of thousands thou-sands of fans, the shuffles of countless feet of messengers and officials and the occasional yell of some demonstrative demonstra-tive spectator. The audience grew fretful under the disorder, and the inability in-ability to hear, and there were shouts of "louder," mingled with demands for order. Governor Thomas proceeded boldly, however, and when above the racket he was heard to exciaim "South Africa," the crowd caught the idea that he was paying a tribute to the Boers, and enthusiastic applause went up. There was nnnther rl"r I' ln ti r I crowd caught enough of the reference to isthmian canal to know that it was to be under American operation and control. At the conclusion of the speech the building rang with applause, the cheering cheer-ing being accompanied by the flutter of the national colors throughout the hall. I The first semblance of genuine enthusiasm en-thusiasm was created when the secretary secre-tary of the convention, Charles A. Walsh of Iowa, rose and read a resolution reso-lution offered by Daniel J. Campau of Michigan that the Declaration of Independence, Inde-pendence, "Drafted by that Democrat of Democrats, Thomas Jefferson," be read to the convention on this, the anniversary an-niversary of the nation's natal day With cheers and applause the resolution resolu-tion was adopted, while the band in the south gallery played patriotic airs in lead of the enthus'asm. Then a dramatic scene occurred. As the vast audience w as quieting down to listen to the reading of the declaration, two men appeared upon the platform, bearing carefully in their arms two large objects, each shrouded in the stars and stripes.. They were placed, the one upon the other, immediately to the right and in front. of the chairman. Delegates and spectators craned their necks to see what was about to occur. Quickly advancing to the flag-draped object a handsome man deftly lifted the Hag from a splendid bust of Mr. Bryan. As the familiar features of their distinguished leader .were recognized by-delegates by-delegates and spectators, a tornado of applause swept over the audience. From side to side the bust was turned, that all might see whoni it represented. When the applause subsided Charles Hampton of Michigan read, in a magnificent mag-nificent voice, the Declaration of Independence. Inde-pendence. As the full and rounded sentences of the great state paper rolled through the hall, the cheering. and enthusiasm increased, in-creased, and when Mr. Hampton had concluded the tremendous applause fairly shook the building. When the applause ceased Miss Fulton Ful-ton of New York was introduced and sang "The Star-Spangled Banner," the audience standing and cheering after each verse. It was an innovation in a national convention. Then, as she finished fin-ished the last strain, the band took up "America," and led by Miss Fulton, 20,000 people broke into the stirring words, "My Country 'Tis of Thee,'.' singing it. through with unction and closing it with a cheer. Then suddenly somebody started the cry for "Hill!" "Hill!" "In an instant Maryland, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi, Mis-sissippi, and New Mexico were on their feet waving their standards and yelling, yell-ing, "Hill!" "Dave Hill!" The pounding of the chairman's gavel had'no effect, and for a time it looked like a concerted movement to stampede for the New Yorker. As delegation after af-ter delegation rose in their seats and the chairman's gavel fell.. Mr. Hill was compelled to rise and bow'. This was the signal for pandemonium? and nothing noth-ing seemed to be able to stop the torrent tor-rent of applause. A few hisses were met with volleys of cheers, and, finally, a part of New York's delegation arose and joined the applauding hosts. Cro-ker. Cro-ker. Van Wyck and the Tammany delegation dele-gation kept their seats without joining in it. For fully ten -minutes the applause and disorder continued. Each time a new state standard was pulled up and waved, the applause began anew. After his first bow to the audience. Hill kept his seat, but he could not disguise the gratification that he felt at the reception recep-tion accorded him. Friends urged him to take the platform, : but he kept shaking his head negatively. On the platform the chairman and the ser-geant-at-arms tried in vain to get order. ' ' ' Finally Hill himself,' hoping to stem the torrents of applause, arose. Then the delegates and the crowd howled themselves hoarse. "Hill!" Tlatform!" they screamed. "Mr. Chairman," he. ejaculated, but his voice was drowned in the fierce outburst out-burst of applause. "Mr. Chairman," he again tried to say, and then, drowped out again, sank laughing in his seat. Just before the demonstration over Mr. Hill began, Delegate Joshua A. Miles, a former congressman from Maryland, advanced toward the platform plat-form occupied by the presiding officer, waving the American standard. There was so much noise throughout the hall that he could hot be heard four feet from where he stood. He said that he had risen to move: the thanks of the convention to the young lady who had so moved the convention with the rendition ren-dition of a song which had been written writ-ten by a Maryland patriot. The motion mo-tion was announced in Miles's most energetic en-ergetic manner, but it was not heard by a single delegate and the presiding officer of-ficer found no opportunity to submit it. When after fifteen minutes order was restored, Governor Thomas administered adminis-tered a stern warning to the assemblage, assem-blage, stating that the convention was here to do business and if the spectators specta-tors interrupted the work by unnecessary unneces-sary noise the officers would be directed direct-ed to clear the galleries. The call of stages began for naming the members of the various committees. commit-tees. This was tedious work, covering all the caucus selections of the various states and territories. When the name of Carter H. Harrison was called as the Illinois member of one of the committees com-mittees it brought out a round of cheers and calls for Harrison that for a moment threatened to be a repetition of the Hill demonstration. The names of Governor Overmeyer. Senator Blackburn, Black-burn, George Fred Williams and W. J. Stone also elicited cheers. When Augustus Au-gustus Van Wyck was announced as the New York member of the platform committee there was a storm of hisses and cheers and another demonstration for Hill. Delegates Grady and Mailer of New York led in the applause for Mr. Van Wyck's name. It took vigorous vigor-ous play with the gavel to restore frder and allow the call to proceed. After the name of the last committeeman committee-man had been given. Chairman .Thomas announced the motion that had been made giving the" thanks of the convention conven-tion to the lady who had sung the "Star Spangled Banner." It was carried. A delegate from Ohio secured the attention at-tention of the chairman by gesticulation, gesticula-tion, and then, mounting on his chair as he was recognized,- moved that an invitation be extended to Mr. Bryan to visit the convention. A wild cheer of approval went Up before the chairman had been given time to hear a second to the motion. "While the cheering over the Bryan motion was at its height, the booming boom-ing of a brass band was heard at the south entrance and down the aisle came the band -which came here with Clark of Montana and behind it in column col-umn of twos or as nearly as they could keep that way the Jacksonian club of Nebraska. . The .band was playing "Dixie," and the old air received the yell of delight which greets it always. The members ot the Jacksonian club had with them a large number of ladies and as therP were no seats for them a dense throng was soon packed In front of the chairman)s desk. It was impossible impos-sible for Chairman Thomas to hear a word uttered four feet from his desk, but some delegate near him 'made a i motion to adjourn until 4 o'clock, which was put 4rid carried amid confusion confu-sion so great that not. one delegate in twenty knew to what hour-the adjournment adjourn-ment had been taken. : .