|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Article Title||Of Cows at Calving|
i ef Cows at Cnlvlnp;. In ha ns caw a dry six Mo montln b fore calving-, Ihoroushly do, fe"d lib- Wlhln a week, of pnr-It pnr-It U th rr it t mlstaKe, "irtciramon to hao cows ""i k for raMng A cow Mbut lightly n vcek beforo ll,l k or t n dajs nttcr ubr die I, c orKans liae ""Jlhlr n mnl power nnd Vie t drain of mothor-lilfif mothor-lilfif ' '" N hale thus "l"h; t 1 viih u Krnt ii " nl ir i low is alt ,ii '. ' ' c '' ln,J Bll '" ' t nk n do ,ooj ' i- 1 imrv Ado. Sto I",,,'",, !lkenCl) ,0 1 1 1 n 1 " . ' ol "I' t"?"111 an . , ' ll,c A cow In ilHb .' l ,Vl"S '" Ut r,',1 'I I lhtly Mhen 9 J t 1 to a ' comfort-M comfort-M a in. ,' t I An 1 Is en-uu en-uu ,' ,,,ri" '""I " "in "t k a dn lth B0In0 nlc0 lilt. "1lf ' io minds of 1 unhi ", I'01"'"' "It- ""ft at,"1 ' . n,lxc''1 ln 'a i ,. l n 'bench, mil " T o l"fu,o u,o calf Is " r I , 1,1 c i i, lc' "Preadir' or tjy , I ' ' r '"nfiil tiltpeler It ia , , , ' " oniilfr nil-1 nil-1 Th -, , r;'.'Bn tt" thins W,,,W' ';' o calvlrnt 'ram nn ""- ",w "nil l""' mlln Mit f th0 'tail, on', 'f'1' I"t Mio I, "."'J tier hei if, ""'t n if "ih r JlMk before "t r u? l ,h ,lMor I bI or V "t" . Iiif'Ji0, an'! blvo if ,' "in thfio Is no fie?.T'th,c rr ' "" "- ,tUl nib', ? .V twenty 1IU br , ?U,.tl f,t w' r Ifn pi,' u (,lv fny "' a f V " w,,k befoio ,"" Thh vii,1 'rr"r" "l"1 i 'ion ,?", '""; """"" i.b"f'l to L "10 """hlrth i1"0 mi i L rmv" eymeiii 'artun,, tc ov r fiom thu " na va,v .w "hould, nf -'-'rni'mXir salt. The cow will be ver hlt Olio hsr all the tepid water she will di Ink sny twcntj-llvo pounds overj hour until her thirst Is satisfied fills hell a tho bowels to move nnd Hushes out the sjstem It the pen Is lower than CD degices put a Waukot ," the cow Immediately aftei the calf Is delivered de-livered Jf very cold put on two blankets A dllncult Parturition or chill ma j cause retention of the after, birth In the slimmer time 1 ecp the cow ns cool ns possible HWW ' degreen is ldal tempera . nrc Don tie in too blc a hurry to milk, let the calt havoa chance W good dal.ynien with heavy milkers do not mill, clean' nt Hi st, but take some away every Soar three hours for the llrst twelve hours After that take out tho last diop at each ullklng. Don t feed vers loavv for llrst week Tho sislem and dlptstivo organs me weakened nindually Increnje feed Tho ewe; mcut3 are tho best guld us to tho statu of the digestive organs. alio By-Pr- 'ucts of Dairying-. Many a ma las grown rich because ho took fcood enro of tho b -products of his business The great packinghouses packing-houses ot Chicago sell every pound of beet they handle for less than it costs them They save every by-product, however, and by doing this make a piollt on their busluehs It Is said on goot authority that tho blB pack Ins llrms can muko n profit on their busl-ills busl-ills If thc succeed In inak ns a. clear pi ollt of 10 per cent on ho by-pro. ducts They savo tho hides, hoofs, horns, Wool nnd Intestine, and put them nil to some good use l.ven .lie conlentH of tho stomnch of tlio cuttw Wiled nro used In making '" Recently the wrier was In a great pouTtry Packing establishment, where ho snvv 40 000 Poumli. of fcillicra worth JH00O, nnd was told that If tho pro-pilelo pro-pilelo B of the Plant could make, clear, what Iho feathers weie worth there would bo n good prollt In tho business, Bnjs lha Dairy nnd Crfamrry. These sm ill economic nro J. Iio re-siilt re-siilt nf careful attention n buslne''"; .Hid tho savings thus, m o lepresint a sum mentor thnn tho totnl proms of Bl ho business The ualrm'n. c ' will study tho uso nt by products rn m inure shoull ratefully bo saved nl used to cnrlrh the foil "nJ"1"': nhout tho placo should ba given rare-f. rare-f. lentlon Olher live stock may bo kept In nddllloii to cows li order to maka the business most Pfn'"n , 'Iho dnlrjnun of today Is of 1 eccs. sltl n liuedii nf BWlne. The two go torcther ho thoioughly th-tt II would l.o a wnslo of gool material and op-porlunlty op-porlunlty t" neglict either There inn bo no doubt that nnluro Inteiirtc tliit tho rigs should bo the companions of tho tow a In tho clover field. Hut more than that tho swine shoull be fed on the skim milk an on nothing else The milk fed ln this vvjv will lel 1 a larger Iioflt than If sold In the ordinary mai-ket mai-ket where onl a few cents a quurt can bo obtalno nnd orten not that The waste of time and material In tr Ing to lind a good maiket for sklin milk Is the most discouraging feutuic or the dilrj buolness Many a man has been Induced to leave the business entlrelj on account of this After settling set-tling up his accounts for the vear he has found tint ho was no gainer for tho Jem s worl The only uclually sure wij of miking mik-ing monj Is to have a well-organize 1 fiolrj and Kg farm I.nough of the latter should be kept at all times to copsumo the skim milk by rapid glowing nnd Belling, turning tho mon over qulcklv, n gool prollt cm be made for evcrj quart of nklin milk fel Some keep their pigs too long It Is better to sell them as jouiib plra thin lo wait until thej ore so rat that few want them. A good lieilthv plB. with plcnts of lean and fat on his sides, will usuilly sell better than the exresslvely rat hoj. The clover and grasn will .ilwajs help to mako the pigs Brow, and on a diet of Rood clover and plcntj of skim milk there Is no dinger of ho? clnlera oi ther swine dlrcnso ln tho hottist of weather Corn nnl dr grain are the breeders of dlsinso anl Illness in hogs during tho summer, nnl It Is a mlstike to attempt at-tempt It The hog cholera is undoubtedly un-doubtedly the product of over-heated blool, superinduced by heavy corn and grain feeding Ave cannot stamp tho dliense out until we change the diet. Let that be tklm milk nn 1 green clover and Bnss from the first or Juno until tho end or Seplcmb r, and any man can raise as flno a flock of clean healthy swine ns nn m irkctmnn could nsk fo". And the market for such animals is ntwavs reads with prices far more constant than for most farm products The Jersey Side of tho Question. There mentis appeared a report of the test of a Ilolsteln cow nt the Minnesota Min-nesota experiment station, wh-rcln the leld of milk was SSI pounds In seven dajs, nnd from v hlch It was calculated by Babcock lest that 20 pounds, ST ounces ot butter might have been produced pro-duced Upon this record the claim Is based that the worlds butter record hns been broken I believe It Is customary when an Individual In-dividual holds n record for performance In any line, lo concede him tho champ, lonshlp until some other Individual shows a better performance in the rame line And Inasmuch ns the cow for whom the worlds record In claimed In this lest, made no butter whatever, I think It duo to the present holder of the chumplonshlp to contest tho claim It would be Just as consistent to de-prlvo de-prlvo a Hotting champion of his record by comparing It with one made by a galloper, or to create n new mile record rec-ord bs estimating tho time from that made In n furlong spurt The Ilolsteln cow did not make a butter record any more than the runner makes a pacing record Hut thero Is nnother and mor obvious ob-vious reason whs this Is not the world s butter record Kvcn If the eow s milk had been churned and produced Id pounds 6" ounces of butter In seven diss, she would not be tho champion butter row A nunibw of bottel records rec-ords lie betwten her and the championship champ-ionship In the Jersey bree-1 alono thero arc llfteen cows with weekly butter but-ter records of SO pounds 12 nuncen or belter Thlilecn of theso are published In the American Jersey Cattle clubs test book anl of the thirteen, five aro ofl'clal tests, vouched for by members of the club oprolnted by tho president to oversee them Fro&tablo Meat Animals The worll Is full of theory about this and that bMng ob good a form of animal for meat tho best piolllable meat we mean but there are worlds of undiscovered Information when one gets down to the facts which put aside many theories, and gives one solid grounds for his beliefs These ln general gen-eral are tho work tho agricultural col-leges col-leges nnd experiment stations aro doing do-ing for the countrs. Call them also demonstrating stations Tho Kansas rt Ulon at M uihnttnn has Just cirrlcd come of Its students through this process pro-cess In respect to what aro profitable beet animals anl what are not I'rof Cnttrell ot the Stilton selected six steirs ratted for ths purpose Two of them were well bred beef animals, two wore scrubn, one a. Jersey and one n Holateln Ono expert In cutting up the ennasres ot beef animals performed his work along with a lecture on the parts ns he pioceeded, BhonlnB the desirable de-sirable parts and quantities or Bool beer, and tho latlos of poor and good beif to the wholo caicass ln each animal ani-mal It Is hardly necessary to say that It afforded a fund ot Information to the Btudents that could not bo obtained In nns other way, nor to say that both tho dairy nnd ceneral purposa bred steer was not ln It for profitable beer, nnd that tho scrubs had their undue ra tlo ot scrub, low grade beet Students from such demonstrations go out of collegn prepared to proceed with life s work Intelllgentls anl to do for them selves and all around them realls good thlng3 Sklm-Mllk. for Calves. A good many seem lo lliluk That they cannot raise calves unless they havo sweet milk for them Tho expense of suppling this food Is so great that these farmers do not. feel like Incurring It, nnd tho co iscquenco Is they are compelled to buy their calves or go without them Is sweet milk neccssnr) 1 I do not think so Every ear since we came on the farm, nov almost thirteen years, wo havo raised calves and always without with-out using sweet milk save In the very earliest part of the calt s life. The calf Is taken from the mother not later than twenty-four hours ntter Its birth. Two things aio gained by this course Tho mother mourns less and docs better, bet-ter, and the calf docs not get the habit ot sucking so that it must be broken It Is better to put the calt somewhere out of sight ot tho mother, too Tor two weeks we give the calf fresh milk Just from the cow. This gives It a good start and by this time It has learnej to drink well Then wo gradually gradu-ally Introduce a llttlo sklm-mllk Into the nnltnnl s rnllnn At llrst not more than oi. unit li it ritton of thro or four quartz Is used Slowly the quan-tHS quan-tHS oi skim mlik is increase 1 until at the end oi two weeks the calf Is citing all skim milk OI coutse th skim milk does not contain all tho rich elements found In the whole milk and It Is desirable to put something into the ration which will take the place of the missing parts Dor this 1 hive fount nothing Iwltcr than v heat bian with n small amount of oil meil The ,nlf will begin to IIlI rran very calls riom a box 1 have made little boxes on purpose ror this These should be placed tar enough away so lhat the air cannot tip them over, or fa ten d se uil against tho side of the ba n The question mas bo flaked whs tie brun Is fed drs I answer 1 cause ir put in the milk the grain will ho cairled Into he stom ich In an almost entire condition, unmixed with sallvn them to prove a source of Irritation to thu tender stomich If cntcn cry. the bran will bo inKcd with the natural fluids nnd llttcd for dlges tlon much better I do not give mora thin an eighth of a pound of luan nt ("rst. Increased to half a pound foi a 6-wceks old calf It Is an ovollent practice to plica n little bright hay In u jotato crate or nthr station irs Phiro where the little cut can t,et at It eat Is. By the time the nnlmal Is i weiks of use It will begin to nibble nt the hay It seems to be nnturil for calvm to gnaw some-thing, some-thing, nnd sooner that wo all think. It will eat u nlco ration nf has, nnd It is excellent food If ithcrvvlse well cared for this line or feeding will In-jure In-jure thrifts calves IJ D Mnecnt, In Ohio Iarmcr Economical Butter Producer. Beroro taking charge of the dairy herd ot tho Minnesota experiment sti-tlon, sti-tlon, I traveled extensively over the blnte, looking up Its dairy Interests, nnd tho prospect was not llatlerlnr Lo v prlcea for all dairy prolucls, little lit-tle knowledge nmontr dalrsmcn and a typo of cow n not suited for tho business the lule. M hen I went to the station, 1 determined to work out tho cost of production, and slnco I have been there, we havo weighed overs pound of fool tho animals were tel known Its cost weighed nil the milk received and tested It tor Its butter rat Wo reed each cow all she ran consume con-sume and os3lmilatc At tho end of the flrBt sear iv e found that some cows charged us 17 cents per pound ror hut-ter hut-ter made from their milk while others charged only 12 cents, and others. ranged rang-ed between theso two sums, Tho bree 1 mule no difference; some Shorlhorns made cheap butler, nn 1 some Jersevs costly butter. Breed had nothing to do with tho cost It was all In the cow. Size or color had nothing to do with It We put all the cows tint inado cheap butter on ono side, an I ranged tho cows who charged tho most for butter on the other side Duch side, no matter mat-ter what breed showed similar characteristics charac-teristics Those that charged a high price were sleek, nice looking animals that would answer tho description ot the gencinl purposo cow, while thoso that mado butter cheap had tho genuine genu-ine dalrs tspe, tha light quartern, and tho heavy wedged shaped barrel Every pound of food consumed was put to good use It tal es Just about so much food to run the machlners" of evers cow. The question Is what does she do with the rest of her food' If she returns It to you In the form of milk she may be a profitable cow , It she lays It on her back as fat, sho Is not a dairy cow. Always avoid tho cow that his a ten-dency ten-dency to lay on fat, If sou want cheap milk production I am going to tell you how to know a good eow It's a simple pmtter. One or two signs tell a good cow as well tin twenty In a poor cow the thigh runs down straight, so thero Is no cpaco between the thigh and udder, on one side, nnd tho tall on tho other There should be plenty of daylight between tho udder and tho tall One of the ht,t vnys to tell what kind of a cow you hive Is by her vein-pcinment vein-pcinment A good dairy type has a srarp iiplne, strongly developed nervous nerv-ous sjstem and sharp hip bones A good cow has a large nnd powerful digestive di-gestive sjstem to use her food quickly and make the best returns for It. Borne of the animals the first year made but llttlo over 500 pounds per eow, while others gave over J pounds Wa have kept up these records every year, nnd the last sear our cows aver aged 399 pounds per row and at a cost of only 4 2 cents per pound of butter for feed Ono cow give us S12 pounds during the year. These were not picked, pick-ed, high-priced cows, but the common run of dairy stock I'rof. T. L. Haecker. Curing Calves of tho Scours. A cattle grower gives tha following as his own experience, thiough the Drovers' Telegram He says. "I often sea inquiries regarding remedies rem-edies for scours In calves nnd take the liberty of sending s ou one which I hav e iieeil with satisfactory results, and which cattle glowers may lind valuable valua-ble I had a bunch of calves which during a spell of had weather, I turned Into a feedlot with a bunch ot steers which were on full feed nnd were at-taeked at-taeked with the scours They all sur-fercd sur-fercd severely from loss of llesh and one of them became so bad that It could not stand up I made a pint of batter consisting of flour and water s and gave It to tho calf about dusk. Tha I , JTIi1HmI next morning he waa on hla feet and ' tHHaWl nil right. I have used this remedy In a I '!'lj JHfitl numbei of cases, and nlwajs with grat- ' Ki'1IBIH ifylng resultsj , j )'lMJBW The Brood Sow and Her Treatment. jffl iBliH I advocate a liberal feeding of tho ' 'i.''KA39 brood eow. If she Is thin ln flesh, a S I'R iDfJCSB Judicious mixture of corn as a part ot fr JVl EjSMM her ration, If she Is excessively fit, I (J MLlifflBi would give her no corn, but would feed . K ! jMM her liberally during that time on ft '$ ' fH ground oats, mlllstuff, etc , and I come j i, . jlffll now to what I conceive to be a serliua JB , WEEP problem confronting the breeders of LW J,w. KJVn pure-bred l'olanl-Chlna hogs, who are ', ffiA fHBjP engaged in the business of selling 1!"Jli' HliaL brood raws at public auction The buy- , . h 'jHfiffilwH era' tnste seems to demand that theso . JL 5(Ef Kfl'JjTH animals, when sold, rhall be In high ,!l JT ,1.iH llesh, prictlcally In ihow condition J, illf I HlJlSM There Is no grain which will produce lO- JW.'ujrfcH that result so quickly, cheaply and ' i(Wt.BMH thoroughly as corn Therefore, a mi- K Mai tlftlBMI Jorlty of the breeders feed the brood j'3 ;Sti, rfffjJtfll sowh which they are feeding for sale ft 'JBJ MR) l!JB Into a condition so that they would UK 2 .TlllUfsl ba rlasslued readily In the stockyards !JI' 7, fc iajljlf ns choice heavy, but are certainly ln ft Cii'Bil3iH nnythlns but a condition favorable for 4lf ism m M tho production ot healthy, vigorous ;'ffl nil iWiiiBW pigs A majority of these sows are u itfji JJjMflB sold less than sixty days before the i fiftl '(lil time when they are due to farrow, and 'j'S Mil ,M;Ujl on cannot hope, by however Judicious Ai ffiiJlmMjwm dieting; to overcome In that time the HI ftttf ImfMM erfects of the heavy and long-contln- SS -jfj) IBlUnH ued feeding on a corn diet. J.ft'iWvBmtm Hut If you cannot sell your sows If jljr Ttift iitBrIMB they are thin what will you do? I M) IMJlHlB answer, deny to yourself, If necttaary. It nmSmkW perhaps so largo a margin of rroflt, 3 J 'BriHlEH and taking a longer time tor prepar- gift m'JUUF ing youi sows for sale, feed them Of 'Jfi'LijlHi more liberally upon tuft feeds A Sm I'tamMv I rood sow can be made to look very LiU.4rilKJkVl! well upon diet composed of one- ilMulu iHBu quarter to one-third corn and two- IheEhKNIBVJ thirds to three-quartern ground oat. fffiMftBr kllW nilllstiilf ete , moderately fed for a mHSe E 3k consldeiablo time, whllq as a breeder l9E9C WJml sho will be Infinitely more profUabla talfiaWri.W to thu purchaser, and ot much more HiIHb' rHm li --- - tv .BBLBB fffffl iW fflj ' s nt; b n tl t r ""J , ' H j jjyj i in' i ""' II " I i " "" Iju! Western Farm Divelopment. B Mill 'I hi Went In bcjlnnlnit 10 look to the H JwN fnrnci ' we" "" "" ,'K"'," ""rt I H (illlit "". for subst tnilal dtreloient Ir-, H U 11 J ligation I. Jusi U Infancy, " ' '" I H 111! II b bit a few ears until this mountaln- H ' 'S-iS .Ls italon will bu lonxrd upun us iho H 1 6 ? HI V Sable larmini. lOunVry In hj II rHl?Sr3wr"-&o 1 riSuhaTn? -l H I m Bitter Hot in Apples. fsB ID, lrof M B W alto, pathologist In charge H i "l 6f i,v..iHtatlo. of dlstuscs of orchard B I , ' "una in the Lulled Htal Uop.rtro.nl LH 1 "f varle-ulturs, .ay. H "r,'"r H J i.n .ot ion.ti m aprujlng with or- B j! c v mixture ai.out Mvo tlm. tho lust t cni'nt t..u tree, .r. in bud but JJ H ' J ' '?r W.V E t'wKi-'Xtaj fffffl ? ,i u Kltui rot has not alwa proved . ' to .VAcnt .by iwraux mutur. t InK. and Hurt. I""""-" Jr " i, um iHlH I i i nnt. ispielull) laal r I" tin Lflfl i i iLiJ "t. iiuni .aiuin or iut of UllB i in the eno ID to contlnl this u smse, illH ' 'II in Vu inilUM will bo subjtUid to . k- J i "rim. iiiiTby thl. unit iluilnj. Iho t-om- H S Killing Cut Worm. HHJ 5 Tno polsone.l ball for out worms W fj! mud, by mlxlne ut Ihu rule of one pound H J) jru gum tu fitly pounds of bran, j 1 Ihe laltu llrst meltteleeil with water, t but dr) fieoufeli to crumble, sn a the lios- HHI ' , t i Cultivator. Some mill a little sugar M t v' ur m iumi-b to Hit. water In limkt II Ulcere 1 i i niiitlnv, unil others mix tut meen rio- illH ' v r ur ii'itir hay with It, that birds liny 1,1 iitu iii llkol) to i Ick 11 up, but tlio ' M nitive mo the tMUitlil burin t ut rpoim- X rul of It near ia. n fun or iiloni. Iho V ioa whtrn the worms uro iluiilltui, Jut J' lnlnro nlRht. hd tho worm, will prUir J tI It to tlio plunla, und bu loun I iliau thi.ro In the mornliiK l'o not imo It whiro As luiiltrj will (.it nt It. LarKer unlmals .1 -J ' will Biarcilj in likely to i Ick up tiwui.li iHHI Ml to do mnrli harm, but II la bcttir tn kip Hl ," ,, them uway and in bury It niter It bus B i H none Its work do not know whether H , , a line of It would diairoy Ihe army B worm or rot Hj . i i Killing Borcis With Coal Tnr. Liiiin ofww leach trcte ecry ear ami 1 bucr fall H ?Ondnfk ti make u thorougti application of Iho Liiifl 3 iWi ) ,iu ultn " "" '"'"" lru"u ' iut " itsH 1 1 v upon the trunk of thti trees tefom wl H ,)i tltik. preu limr th( tar from the mnta n a Ml up the trunk from clfflu to twelio Indus l f i II im (uteftil to rcniuio nn borers Hut H f til may bo In t'ie trrin iin they toino from H Xr 4al the nurer 1 kiip In mlml this ract gillV iirtsti, thnt tht tosl tar will lint kill the bur, r giiifl Viigjrij iiufh burleil under the b.ilk but will gtlBBBH BltiflVl )irt,iit the moth (rnm delimiting Its egi gillH i' Trtl ' tho base of the true Ihe application KT i .iff r thi tar must be male nnuuully tin re. M , I ift r belnit sure to tlnlsh the w.irk bi.- B ,' ., tori, tho moth In tins u Ih, which 1 he- H K ...I, llee Is fmm Jnn' l-t tu lBlh usimll) In i I'l'll1 innkinR three .iiinual applliatlnns It Is Hl f IJ'Ml I'll r) tn Insure suo.es thnt tin enrth iH L i I J ' roinuvril down tu the loots The lurk H f)' I J I 'rom "" r,K,ts UP tight to twelti lnthea H 4-1 iSil must he complrui) muml wlih the t ir illlH IfV'' in case the tnn Is, suflerlnK from the H fUT !'r.c",. of Iho shot hole hour or fruit H 1 !t bark btetle 1 Jnoiv of nothlim thnt Is H I ( iual to the coal tnr ns it remed In H R !l coe of mcchanlcnl lnjur to n trie tho H , , J tar Is Wiur tlmn an mint or wash wo H Vi'i. Oranso Judd Fanner. H i fj 3 Comb ITor.cy Net M.Rnufactured. H f' 't J A statement hna len nnlne tho rounita H D J I of the iiresi to tlio eifetl Unit neirl H I i A J ll the comb lioncj on tlio market la H I I Ml) innnufartureil by u 'cut in.iililne ihit H , ij' the combs are III led with cliuoso un 1 H Ju i carped ovn by u meilnnlciil proicii rho itii facts ore, thero Is no suth thliiR as maun H !' fnctureil comti hono nnvwhero In the H ! 1'nlted Hlulie, and In proof of this thn H I ( publishers or Umlli'i bee j nirnals of un j ,H doubtert ltfonslblllt offer 1CC0 for 1 1 1 H ()' rleniu to shoiv thill comb honei U m uui- H J factured or that smh an article Is for I rile In the open market Although this j nrtcr has been out for llfleen jears and , , ,. ,rP Ins betn duplicated b nlher responsible B f ill persons connects 1 with the Inlustit of Hl 11 bee keeplnc no imo has ir seen tit to bH llli, lake li up H (I1! the I'nlled Hlntra Department of crl- H , W if culture hss put out seteral publlNlicI H !if stiiti mentsdenvinir the existence of man. H l ufjctured comb hune iiml the merltan H r ' (Jroit.r Ilia leading train organ of tta B , L i ii, nssuics Its patrons that nil the H , k I comb honey on tho market Is nhsolutett H U the iroduct of the bte I olmait ltural j , jf IS orld H r R Prorido foods Rich in Llmr. )ssl ' J' Bran Is exiellent for puultrj, and 'il J one point In (uvor of brun It that It j A contalnt a mticli Urgei proportion of ft K lime tlun uny other cheap food do- jH rlied from grain, nnd ns tlio nhells of 'l tRirs Hre competed of lime It In esseu- '1 tlnl Hint food rich In lime be prmulc.1 H M It mny be ureed thnt the use ' ny- H . , tcr shells will proMde lime but i Mil H ' ' " lie found that It Ib the lime In the .ood H ' i thnt Is most senlcenhle lienuse it l H ) 'l! , In u foim thnt run bo better dljretd liH 111'.! ""' 'fslinllatetl than onrbonnte or j ,y,y IIpk s)s the American l'nuler H t' floer Is also rich In Unit ami when H it1 ' ,i mors or rut clou r Is nlen the fowls H !)', I they will need no iijmUt eh"ll-i or 1 !'' nil cr mineral mutter uu u souno from j , 'jl; Ihe etrs Do not fnii,et that In nim- 1 lit" mer, however, the llec of nil Minis of t . Jl, foods should bo mod with Judgment H ' jii If the henii hale a free ran ire h!o no j l f 'oil at nil l long mp they are lalni; H l hut ir they begin to full off let bran B 1 be the leading IngTedlent of the foods Ij' allowed In winter the bran am J iloicr are ren more essential us the l I tl' fowls cannot then nwure treen food H " on the range H ! ',' Take Time by the Toretop B This should be the motto of eiery H I J farmer, oveiy stockgrowei and itery H II ' l. burlress man It Is tho kt to success In H i every 1. minim, uitry udustr und cer H M "o'd nteied b man striiKgllng tn muku H I J 1 rogross and nulniulii exlstcnct on tn H I,; earth li Is a citiillnul doilrln.i Una H , I should bo Instilled Into eierj thlld In Us I I. I tnrlUst lit. to lusiiii to the m m or wo , l J, Jfin thai hnupi ns to be tho outgrowth or H I' .'I tils bud or hum mil) Iho essential nuall. l.l tlmola hapiu exlsunt.r As the sunt ss B t!f of life depends upon this so the siKtosa M of ft dn im' or month dinnuU upon it B I also. There ii kreut mau people who B , i a." slai a ill thiai IImh to lie fulco or ' clroumst inees simply lietauat thej hno ., not 11 e tniult of inking time h ih ion. B I . toi und beiomlng miistir or tho sliuitloii il.ll Is the Kleuesl mlsli rlilllo of Urn . and dors moie to lob It of Its comforts ' than any otlu r one thing Unit mti bo , , i memlontri Iho untortunuto human be- ' I gi In; that bus not the simp about him or "MM rathtr IiilN Into the eusj.golmt (.rone i,r W t fit, , doing onl what lie Is annielM to do Is 1 till In n. press nil his liro and imer rui. unv. ' f".) 1 Ihlnif dout In Its own good Umi In the i1)) Inlustrlal world thu uetissliy of belui. up "i . t and doliiR Is nowhere more upparvut than J If on the fiirm und no time Is as full of f If moment, so Impottani as tu ImproMineut, ' I as tha B'ud, happy springtime -Iturai H ' IJ Mrlt I1' j' duality In Fruit. t lor omo jears wo luiio been vigorous iff defenders or line Qiulllj In fruit, ms ' j j , , , the Mulne l-'urnior 'lhls Is for the ua- ' ly.l eon that during ft lifetime of observation ' J jjl no new inrlrty of irult of anj kind has , it ' ' withstood the lest of time anl boine u 4 jifP continuous demund on the tnukei unless i .IIP It possessed high nuallti lu the ilin 1 ICl' we hni watchud the muiku mw mil I 1.1' (Its of apples und pours ol tlm uiiar I j, 9l nnu tinio botu brought lulu nml i ml i ij' f'tli for ft timi, or whllo hut i nw I . i T f UU luen raised, huvc Uen taken b tl c uiur l 1 1' I hot at n satlstadory print Willi n it- W j ill inc but large elxa und noud looks t i n li 19 t llll crtdl' thej soon illoppeil out of linor If'tJl1 'iho Killlei pear Is un illustration in fit ill; 'reo Is u ilgorous f,-owcr und s-i it I Mi 'I bcaicr The fruit Is of Inferior quiili I Ir I l i ml oily llttnl lor eniinlnif iiurnen. 1 Vs. 4j i Villi but foiv raised tin fiull wus lu Jtt i,i (lUluc dimiiiiil and wns ImmtniHily i r n i liMtVI ' able Thousanda of lines In the Mldd I riSll Htutes were planted tn ih KtllTei pem I ' -vl Ills, tho result that tho silling demiin I ,a I Is so light that nil proilt from Its prol.K. I '4 I tlon lise dlsjiptared M the nw tlmo I , jf U Iho old JlurlUlt, with Us delicious flavor, I M 4 i L l r , li ' w l umbnnl li I , " '".. l with apiiles f hilirl i iiiulilv sin tl ' t ast Planting nt this t irletv Is tomlng Into hrarlDI Hi populur prlt, Is drop. ping oft tasi jenr Its bud btgan to wiie Th prisnit vcar Its deillnu Is at lit more murknl In the luierlor markets mar-kets with the old tthede Island fJrecnlng In demand at I" a barrel tho Ben Davis Hade a plan, only nt half that price When the wide planting of thl. appln shull havo tonii Into bearing who tan say what Its se ling vuluo win toe? Bt Wy o( Vrewrvlna; Epgs Mrs J P M Olbsnn countj, asks for a method of piesrrvlng eggs, different from tl t. old way of pat king them lu salt Wo doubt If tin re Is unv perft.it muhnl of presn-vlng egs riny will deteriorate In ipiHlltj bv wb le.ri mean, the are preset veil nnd will not rns on tho mar-kct mar-kct as first clisi 01 rush eggs when kept for uny mmdcrahlo length of time, no mailer how the ar put up Hut we give a few of ih lull roimulas we know of 111 a r liiiiil, r full or ggs, an 1 pour over th in ii ttakittlo full of hull-In hull-In i: w er, Ih. i win n mil pink In salt Tali ten gill s of water one ounce oream tartar on pound unslaeked lime, and bU pounds nail Mix thoroughly and nllow to ,tti Flii th, eggs li i w itor-tiKlit k i i ii.Ii i r burnt mil pour tin tli 11 Hull ,i i Hum, and they will keep tor fiits One or the I "t nuthods Is to stir one-hair one-hair li k of ri'Hlil.v dlntkrd lime into foil gull in of boiling wain .train thritiuli u ionise s'eve and add ten ouiina or sail md thre, or rrtam tartar, mixing tl iiMiughl) li Is bin r It al-lowid al-lowid to stand two wteks tiefolo using Huk the lags In stone Jars, is losel, as lisslhle, taking t. ire uol to br, uk any of thi m and pour the pickle ovtr thim Kl , it I Uhird uu the surface to keei Ham alt under 8it In n n,ol placi Ihey will kip thus from one to four enr. Indiana Parmi r Sptlnu Tioltmcnt of Strawberry Beds M hen growth starts In spring 1 go over the stmwticrrv bed an I wherever my lnuleli of mirsh lint Is sn thick that the plants mo uiiabli to toino through, a portion por-tion or It is remove I but thnt lietwttu the rows Is mvir dlstiii-heil There Is or ten n rnnslltratle dlfti rente In the time of bl, ssoinlng in ise I bv multhlng. as thn plants uro liss arfr, ltd In tlio changes of temperature slid will start more slowly This Is nrteii or khhi iinimrtuute In escaping es-caping Intt spring trnsts I halt seen pun Ins In a lil where. Iho mulch had blown otT Iii bloom it week or ten dais curlier iliiiu iho run Under or tho bed but his ilirrercnr, was largely lost sight or be rore Iho trull rl)Mnrd Seiirsl leusons u iur M It is better to Itavo Iho lovtrliig over tho plums an I nlliw them to mine up through II 11 helps preserve II molituro bv retirllnrt evaporation A mont tssenttil element ill proliiilni Rood rruli, It hu down the wteds m ikes it Rood, tlenli 1 1 lc for the lltkcrs to km el, unci holds ilia Irult up out or the dirt I sometimes llnd It necessary to ro through and pull out Iho weeds before licking, but 1 do ml dig up tho dirt Hinnig tin plants uny moro than I tun htlp If Iho bed bus be en kepi clean Iho previous season anl Ihe mulch Is free irom weed en I and la leti nulla tl Ick If twtni Iho rows there Is usually ver little lit-tle bother J ist uiur n rain Is Ihe best tlmo tor pulling run the lirge weeds li A Carpenter In Orungo Judq l'urnier. Tillage. Tin re Is need among farmers of ft broader ooiRt'Ption of tho term tillage, nnd why the soil Is tilled Many a former lucl ploughs the lluld and prepares the seed-bed und wives Inter cultivation Utuuse tlieio M R aiuo Ilea that suth protidure Is essential to growing a imp Whin torn is plojglicd the provtrblil three times It mil be Iild bv, anl If there la not I good crop prov telenet, the ve ntticr, ei thlm h bugs or all three, iiru blame I I Wise promotes plant krowth liet iiise ll III, rules tlements nctirsnrv to plillit growth Ihen It plns it vers Importnlit pari In tonservlng luntslure. breci iei t stirring of the surtar sell pro-teetn pro-teetn and shtt'les the sub-soil with ft dust lnuleli and evaporation Is less r-tpld I lie. ii every runner knows when the stir-rum stir-rum soil Is hunt uiul tc mpitct that the wattr runs eft aueh gruuu 1 nftir iU suing su-ing rains Minn illgklng potatoes niter it hnnl shower or weeding alter a heavv ruin on mound tlun has not been well stirred the runner will exi ress some surprise thnt tht soil is not wet to uny dc Hi Hi has riilltd tn lull) tompre. lleillel tho rati thut the least surface soil mote leaelllv takes in moisture from these hard summer i tins Ihe farmer who fullv unilersiands this tact will give his crops the tillage Hint will not onlv ton. snvi Iho uiolsturo In the sub-soil but will ulso eniibli natiin to store supplies toi Hit die tight laiiol iiiis ut rsiund Ing nf this gnat tut In thn agricultural world will nisi bud i Iho owning of rami iniuhinerv thai will most effectively nitnmillsli this iiirpei lilt tool used muni Iw topnblo of stirring thoroughly evict Inili of ihe soil iHtween Iho rows of tin; nop nnd to ihe uqulnd depth In this central Vest section farmers fnl the need of Hie abundant harvest, Coleman s llur.il Mnrll Spring Mrtnngcment of Bees. Peca should bo looked utter very early In the spring Iho most critical tlmo In the whole jeor Willi los Is dtirlnR tho month of .March mis the Kansas carm-tr carm-tr It the wealhtr la cold and the bees uro not able to 1st out. we cannot do much with them but If tho weather Is smh Hint tho can fl out freely, then we can msku u tlose Invpettlon of them It Is uli.ait this lime oi ear that we II n 1 them short of stores mil bv supplying them with the sunn wo may savo them fioin stutvntlon We mi) discover thai u tolony without li iiueen und ninny up-plv up-plv tin. rcmeel by ruriilshlng a nut en or iinltliig the toluiy with some other one that has a queen Msii) tolonlts nip be saved b lato wln-ttr wln-ttr Inspettlnti, but it ia uol tho best poll-r poll-r tn disturb them unv mora than Is tcutlv ueecesari to put tbem In condi-tiuu condi-tiuu V hen thtro Is a warm da so that tho bees lire all attlve and living rreelv, we tun surelt work with them C'olvnles I sh rt or ro l should bn provided with i rrames or tomb honey ir the tan he had I unci If toi slates or tandv mide from Die licsi grade or sugar tsn tie placet! on the ft nines min will euro them ovtr until wu-m weather when wo can feed sugar , s rtip safe ly As u tulr urter a very cold winter bets arc i MilillnnalU weik anl it is at tils lltiiu thai wo want tn sco to tl that there nr, liiietns lu tuch colon) nnd that they , liavo foil enoukh to bring them through until wuim wintrier Ine epieens will Usui II) belrg lining by the llrst or Mar h and by the last iluy will havo to slei ruble brood in thelt tombs If they are In nvihlttg like fair condition llten must iirettl raal irom this time forth, if they nro to nvitlo out stiung Ulld III the hsl condlltvu to do good work In ihe hone season It will pay vietll to look uftti thu bees In carl) spring. Success With the Incubator. V here more than on hundred ililikonu lire tu be raised I believe It will pii) well tn lui) un incubator, us I niu of Ihe opinion Unit If properl) niunagt'de belici hutches niu) bo attained at-tained with ncRib nil of the Inuuha-tors Inuuha-tors now on the inui kct than with hens These modern ha ichera are relf-roKUlatliiK to a remarkable degree de-gree llowever, I have found none vt that will run the twenti-one duyn without n little ihanglnjr nut It given giv-en u few mlnutei' attention two or thrio times a da) the) will not Rt fur enough nut of the iva to do any iluileflge Tlio lurgo slse nmthlnes holding; fiom two hundred tn three hundred nnd six.) egs I think will i un nt u little nunc even tempirnuiro than tho one. of sixty to one-hundred-and fort) -cw uipiult) although If the regulator Is properl) Hdju.iod and un even (Inino kept on the lamp there should l but little change of temperature tempera-ture In either else 1 hud a hatch In n iwii-huiulred-and twtiity-tg initchlna it Is uprlug and the 'empeiatuin did not vary one hnlf degret, although i v - nl limes there was u varlullou In Hit outside tompenatuie of ten or twelve degroes Of course as the eggs eveluii they throw off more heut uf hi Ir own, heme If the legulatui or lamp Is not changed a little along to-w to-w ud the middle of tho hub h the temperature will have a tendency to k" hlKhel Isuin set ins to bi about the onlv I I i if anil j nn I urn eitulntj In hi" l-'iur b ntt In i il heat Hut I ilunk if the iruimnc u ken in a, room I ' t- i nn verag an int of mihl ii II il be but llitlo attintlnn k i il ii usture ine-ldr th hutih It i II I i examine, th nil colli! i i t w i airs rvirv diy during th" I i h m u i i " 11 the drjlnir down 1 iu tss is goliieC nn all tight und If nt un) tlmo the colli are round to be small the ventilation shout I be Increased In-creased and If too Iurg2 the ventilators ventila-tors may tie closed a little or entirely hut as before stated. If the condition of the atmosphofe Is about on un at Tags and the directions whlth accompany ac-company the ma hlne uro carefully folloveVl 1 thlnP Iherc need b but little lit-tle trouble on the part of moisture With my first experience In the use of an Incubator I found at the end of the hatches it good many chli k dead In the shell They were apparently fully matured nnd many had plppei the shell And at that Hint I believed a latk of moisture to be th" cause but I have since beiome convinced that 1 vvns wrong ami that In my mi It wan too much moisture lather than too little, although I would not have It understood that the niolntur" Is altogether alto-gether the muse nf rhkke djlnr in the shell for Iheie arc many other thing to bring about thl result nnd I hnv jet tu make, the first hatch In which I did not hav more or lets dead chlckfl In the shell Deslnnuis should not ik too mm h of the tiiiuhutiir f,r thee are msnv things to enusu pool results besides n fault of the muhlne and while thme may lie no In unit -rs Dial are perrc-it ct with semlble tare ihc are fai ahead of the old hen for hutching pur-poses pur-poses V M roinh In Ohio runner Tho Pigs That Have Been Wintered. It l a question with many farmers whether there la an) actual prtnt from pig. which come so late In the seiaon that they must be kept over winter before be-fore they tnn be biought to n market-able market-able sire nnd condition That tlio clr-niinstanceB clr-niinstanceB of the past winter ut least will Jiistlf) the raising nf this question Is very evident Iho higher prices of coin, mi Is and milt feel have considerably consider-ably Increased tho tost of tho hogs ItetVIng, and vvhero iheie has been no cattlo vnrd he Ins found too often that hla rations have been dealt out on a conservative either than llherul Insls Added In this has bctn the unusual se-verltj se-verltj of the month of Tehruir) for tho hogs when from first ulmost tn the last the ground was frozen and In mnny sections there was fie it sc-irclty of water It Is well nigh Impossible to make n pig comfortable when for vveeKa ho ennnot get his nose to the giound, because his nature demands tertaln vegetnble nnd mineral constituent!! which ho cm secuie only from soil This necessity domestication has never oveicome, writes Ilobert L, Doin In National Htorkmin On tho other hand, thorn Is no prnba-lillllj prnba-lillllj tint we can eliminate the lute pigs nnd the necesMty nt wintering them e have the brood sow on our hnnds, and we don t have any uso for her except tn keep up tho supply of pirn She will prolnbly eat her head nit ever) venr If sho has onl) spring litters We nre confronted. In the winter win-ter pig b) tho problem which minu-r.iituteis minu-r.iituteis havo to deal with at terlnln times when they run their works without with-out much or any actual profit. We ninv say that the winter pig has coma to st ly, no mailer wlnt wo sa). Rome ot the dlfflQiiltles can be reduced re-duced It Is not ncieasiry Hint sou raliv as miny Hto summer pigs as sou do In tho spring The )Oung sows of your heid will be all the belter If they re ir but one litter tho llrst year, This la u good tule to adopt Their increased in-creased vigor nnd long-r llfo of fecun-dll) fecun-dll) will he v gain. Then it Is the latest litters which give us the most trouble When n sufficient number nf sows have been in ited 111 early summer sum-mer let this ceaso and do not tolerate nny Indlscrlniluitlon liter I would not inko a litter dropped during the Inst three months of the jcar ns ft gift. The) cannot survive Iho winter without with-out nourishment from the sow nnd this will lie ueedel long after this roil no Is mailable hhmild sou undertake to catrj them through by special attention atten-tion even If )ou should bo successful, the cost will be too great The pig that his Just been wintered on the aveiage farm will probably not bn In n loudltlon tn take on llesh ns lupldl) as he should bo The continued ilrjness and told have made him slug-Rlsh, slug-Rlsh, nnd pcsslbly ho hns hid to ton-tcnl ton-tcnl with dust md lice You may huvo one or two lndlvlduali which to all Intents nro practically winter killed" thnt li the) live nnd move but If vou undertake to fitten them the) will thrive very slowly In Mew ot the high pi be of corn It will be well to tut n )oui pigs nut tn pastille ns soon ns )Oil have the grusa and without heiv) grain feeding get them to growing before sou undertake to fatten TMs will save sour grain until un-til ou can feed It with better results Successful Potato Growing. I'robabl) there Is no other on crop grown b n msny different people snd by in iii inv different method In this Stale the area devoted to potatoes virles from tin single square reel In the garden of the factor) hand to fields or nlnett to 1 acres h-onio methods of culture succeed one veur and fall tho next Thero are however a few principles which nnut be observed 1 am not so particular as I lii-teil ti be tnniernlng Just what method I ut.e In greeting potatoes llinl mips have been grown in hills und In dilll- mid fsllure has resulted he. tenth tneiiiods Helee t n v erlet thai Is sllll In Its prime, I that la in li Un full nl mil! Ill ant vigor 1m inn eilng too long to the old wnrnout vnrieiits however hlghl) )ftu msy have regarded them for II Is a fact that varle tic's will run out and It Is be)ond hillnnn powet lo rule dUTerenti) I'robslil) v) Cor cent of ihe potatoes grown for mi-el mi-el In VlennniMn sre Itursl New S nrk.'r No J Carman c 3 und Wr Wilier llulelch nil or nhl li ire ninth ihe sunn tvto nnd will murl ft In Hie same cur Iho list named Is or rather i wer hlnml but nil are still vleldliig well and de lug g inn aertiee lei ine tuuiir lew t'ltlos snd Triumphs nre grown ror esrlv, but me being dlspluied bv ome of Ihe newer vnrletlet. that hivt n t )et become staple Keep iho seed stock front sprouting i until Plaining time m iln this nei Hut the 'i tames are swriit out drv In Ihe fall anl keep lite eellvr drv and sllghtl) I alt'ie ihe rreeclng lolnt through the win. . ter In the ri ring open the cellar it night and t'ose thruigh the da) and move pi tutocH rioin on bin to the olliei ir ' v in line pleat' or liner spate take lliem out and sprend thrni on the burn door III a thin liver nnd ilie little sh rl wurt) green spinilts Hint lsinv v III do lice hunn Do not put thtm In Inrrels or piles In oiiibiillillngs or Ui. v will sprout worse than In the cellar unci Ins their vitality veiv ispldl) bee tint the land Is well drained 1'otstnes ennnot be profltabl) givwn upon wei heave inergv soil The poll must he rich Tho potato Is a gross tieder and will icspind leadll) 10 Ilia ml rredlng Keep the soil lull or humus or deen)ng vegetable matter Ot-lentlmes Ot-lentlmes a dressing e t eoerse manure or green crop ploughed und i or sluhhle and root s)stem or a previous grass or clover erop mav not vf It.elf eonlaln so much I I Hit f vvkI. but the inechtnli il elTee I upon Un soil ihe brruklug down or rockv ant Inert elements ot nutrition lu process of dee ompositloii that lave hlthrri been lick I up In an Irre nmlve und unmitts-fin unmitts-fin lor) soil Is oftentimes ilie nuking or t trop of potatoes ,nl then while the polnto does not waul a wet soil It eWes net I a great dual or moisture during the latter period of groivth and a good sup Plv of humus will give, the soil a vsrv much lurger capacity fir the storage of this moUiiire i ultlviite rultlvste e-iiltlwitf Conserve this moisture I) eulilv ulna hut let It lve flnt sllllllow frecpi.il i ml eonllnunus Keep it up Jusl us long at yeni tun got a horse through between the rows without material damage to th H Kill bugs Uol after them im n as His first vounT bugs liatili uu I li nut In thtm sluv an lh vines over lllglll 1'olHloeH mili.1 la well invercd V po latv grtciied from th. k hi in ly Ih and I think It. Juat as guol fjr seed but It U not nt toi the table 1 c r an early crois It Is necessary to pi uu shallow un 1 lo se. euro sufiltlrri invirlng. one must bill th a 1 1 an extent Hut for bite riolutota, lb un el ubout the lint nr Ma) 'r llrst of Inn in Well eliuli Ji II nut be pin ed line li elice. la I iv. ihe miii.i un i at I hit il'pth a uniiair Hi level culture nuy I 1 1 i il i i s u i. i a bitter is Utunce of irjuth a ircre even and con tinuous growth ll r i 1 f t b rs A i sm other ni l b r u it llrlefl outllncj nn nil l to pi ugh in enrlchel 1 mr sod ubout four lnrhs d ep In Ih- fall dli-l It ihe spring nnd ojven furrows with n 1 iirtocn Inh lister with sub-soll attachment nt iilant-Ing iilant-Ing time, throwing up rldgc i lietween ftt an angle of 3 degree" The seed Is then dropped in this fresh furrow with mellow bottom havlns been nisi cut Into fair-sUeel fair-sUeel chunks having twe or more good strong ees If thi ill) Is dr tover sj onrc To cover, I take this snme lister, without sub seller and split Ihe ridges This reverses the order und the rtogres are over the potatoes to he lelt undisturbed undis-turbed for a week o- ten da)S t this time Hie weeds will have started but before be-fore the potato sprout nrr near enough to th surface to I broken of b) the procetea tal.e n touple if pieces of lxl scantling and wire them under tho harrow har-row edgewise lietween the teeth and diagonally diag-onally mule, tha fr ime lrlve llrst lengthwise and then in r ss the lows, mil sour flrll will be smooth, niello und free from weeds Arter the ptrintnes are well up they niHy be gunn over with a harrow or Weeder and ir )ou have a good stand the tops will soon shade tn greiund and keep thn weeds diwn in the row and It Is ensy lo keep the weed dowi between the rows with any ordliuirv eutiwitor This plan his be n ra Hied with success suc-cess at Cornell ir one In- not a lister the ground should hi replntighed In the spring to a gren ,r depth thai It was in the rnll, Hs-lt Is nice oi an to have u deep woil.prepnrrd seedbed ror the potato ci ror iny root erop I e ill use narls green lor killing burs and apple ir with u spray pump making it stion - inouih lo kill ihe bugs upon flrel uppi Men However vou can hill the m una bugn with much less green than wntu thr ale two thirls fro vi -1. K Si oil In Orungo Judl 'aimer. ent Tree and Prepaid To any reader of The Salt Lake Veekls Tribune who needs It and writes for It A trlil bottle of Vernal Ver-nal Saw Palmetto Heny Wine Onl) imo unall dntee a la) perfectly cures Catarrh, Flatutewe Indigestion, Con-stlpatlon. Con-stlpatlon. Kidneys Illidder and Tros-trate Tros-trate to stay cured Write now tu crml Remedy Comti Com-ti inSe nuffulo, N V.