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DAIRY AND P0ULTI1 1. a hen, ami should be broad ni motive. The plumage is cf the 6i.ni9 INTERESTING CHAPTERS TOR OUR RURAL READERS. Farmer Operate This Department of tue tarui A lr Hints as to the t are of Live Sio. k aud l'oultry. A ltelluiu Creamerr. 1' may be of inter- est to note the rules enforced in a Belgium creamery, which are as follows: oKr as the back. The penciling on the breast is perhaps a li'i!" more .!:.-t and own than on the back; the outlines of the penciling ? ;iDuni he sharp and conform to tnt bape of the feather. The body U broad and deep Inland and same plum- aS'? as the Lrea.st. The fluff is very abundant, covering the posterior portion of the bird and standing out. about the thighs. Wings are small and the primaries fold closely under tb secondaries; the bows are covered by the breast, feathers and the fluff conceals the points. The primaries are very dark brown or blackish-browin color; the inner web of the secondaries is a blackish-browand the outer web is a blackish-brow- n penciled with a lighter brown. The coverts are similar in color and penciling to the plumage of th? breast. Tail is small, short, and carried almost horizontally. The tail is partly concealed by the cushion. In color the tail is black except the two main tail feathers, which are penciled. Tj;e tail coverts are penciled same as and body. Thighs are large and will covered with soft feathers; the fci.tb.era on the lower part curve inthe hock and hide the ward jctEt on the outside. The feathering ol the thighs is of the same shade and color as that of the body. Shanks are short and yellow and heavily covered with fes.thers of same color as thighs. The toes are well spread and yellow in color, the outer and middle toes being feathered throughout their entire length. Black Cochins are much more easily d raised than are either of the varieties. Being of one color, the care bestowed in breeding particolored or penciled birds is not necessary, aad the time may be spent in furthering their general utility in egg production. A one colored bird is the more practical bird for the farmer and market poulterer. The Black Cochin is of a rich glossy black plumage throughout. The White Cochin is pure white t: j How Successful gv4 n n Each patron declares twic? a year, January and July, how many 1. cows he owns. The management has the right at any time, without notice, to send a veterinarian, an agricultural engineer or a delegate, to inspect the health of cows, the sanitary condition of stable, utensils, etc.; also to have the cows milked in their presence and take samples for analysis. 3. The milk must be delivered as it comes from the cows at least once a day, 4. Milk showing less than 2.4 by the Gerber or Babcock test may be refused. 5. Milk from sick sows, milk from cows having calved within eight days, from cows due to calve within three weeks, milk with any abnormal odor or taste, is not received. It is also prohibited to deliver milk from other patrons as if coining from the deliverer's farm. G. If any patron desires to increase or decrease his delivery by 100 pounds per day, he must give notice two weeks before. 7. The greatest cleanliness must be observed in milking, as follows: '"The cows' bags must be washed, the fim 2. t above-name- I ,T0Vi. m i. VsM. 'I' I ' hi W'A , x I III GAIIDEX Iu AND amr to call atteti- nr..tfuv.s oi an injurious i ii- vi pest, which is committing great in-- i OF INTEREST TO j'"".' to the fruit trees in Cambridge MATTERS Somerville. and which has been AGRICULTURISTS. mistaken for the tivpsy moth by thy ''"t!S i" that locality. I have care-- ; Hints About ( ulthic tM.n i xamiiu-tally the taterpillars of this tion of the Soil ami Yi. 1,1, I !,,., ,.,,( m.Mct, si m to nie by my assistants on the Iypry ninth work, and tinJ them to Horticulture, Viticulture be a common culture. Kiirope.m species, known in England by tb name of the Hmwn-ta- i! moth (euproctis chrysorrhoea), which is widely distributed in the old AnaA(.i: . to world, and which is very injurious to fruit and foreign trees. I have before me N'i most if, profitable a copy of the law enacted in Belgium, r.1 i v. u V ne r ?t ii many years ago, requiring the land J3e. WhUS owners to clear this insect from the i i T iu .1 lei ; na i'I' trees and giving the best methods of Agri.-.htui- v. V of ,n compli.-dnnthis work. Similar laws They are good fur were enacted in France and other Eu- the talilc exei llclit renean fntintrU; ut a mr.eli e;irlier fatal for fowls ami date. The insect is now in the cater- tattle, ami for sev- pillar state and its destructive capaeral years past bilities are abundantly shown by the have been in greater demand in the defoliated pear trees along Somervilla The country markets than almost any oth- avenue and adjacent streets. er vegetable. Of the three variet ies the adult moth is white, with a dense redearly, the medium and the late, I have dish brown tuft of hair near the end of been more successful with the latter, the body, and the wings expand about and found them more profitable and a one inch and a half. These moths fly surer crop than the other varieties. In chietiy in the night and lay their eggs consequence of their late growth and in July in clusters of about 200 or MOO maturity they are less liable to be de- on the under side of the leaves. In a stroyed by the insect pests, and they short time the eggs hatch and tho keep through winter decidedly better young caterpillars spin compact webs than the early or medium sorts. If it at the tips of the branches. Within is desirable to raise etoug'a simply for these webs the caterpillars spend the family use, select a spot of good rich winter, emerging early in May, when soil, throw on sufficieat trash to bum they commence to feed voraciously on the surface enough to kill the weeds the foliage. Tho caterpillars are quite and grass. Dig or spade it up three or hairy, dark brown, with a row of white four inches deep; pulverize by raking. spots along each side. I do not know Sow the seeds after uuing them with how this insect came to this country, dry ashes. Rake then into the soil but as there are nurseries and greenboth ways. A dessertspoonful of seed houses in the immediate vicinity of is sufficient to produce plants enough the infested area, where foreign plants for any ordinary family; but if it is de- have been handled to a considerable sirable to raise them ca a larger scale extent, it is quite possible that the pest for market, the best soil on the farm may have been imported on some of should be chosen, ad if not rich this stock. I would advise the owners barnyard ma- of infested trees to spray them with nough, use well-rottnure and make it so. The land should Paris green in water in proportion of be well prepared and Burked off three one pound to 150 gallons, or, what will feet both ways. And there the marks be more effective, with arsenate of lead, intersect make a bat iiil of line soil, in the proportion of five pounds to 100. on which drop eight or ten seeds and The Massachusetts Gypsy moth comcover very lightly withSue soil. Should mittee held a meeting to consider tha more plants appear thai is necessary, best way of dealing with the enw enethin to one plant. This method is sel- my, but not much can be done now bedom adopted by fames, but it saves cause all the funds of tho committee exclusively foc labor by dispensing w;:li making beds were appropriated the gypsy moth. Possibly an fighting 1 tave and transplanting. tried four be made to get a special apwill effort varieties of late cakige the Plat in order to attack tho inJJutcn, the Drumhead the Mammoth propriation the at vaders earliest possible moment, and the Marblehead, ruch 1 prefer to of the lateness of the account on but all others, as the head are more firm and solid. But for plating as above session, if for no other reason, the task of putting a bill through is acknowlsuggested more seed is necessary. be difficult. About eight ounces is ttlicient to plant edged to an acre. As soon as ti; plants appear above the surface, so s io be plainly FjRM ue i I'p-to-P- al d ' n..-.- ! til ni-i- . V ei seen, skim lightly they become wore vntlie hoe. When The practice of keeping calves housed run the cul- the first summer of their lives is betivator between the rows and follow more and more general each Aith the hoe, drawing the soil to the coming among dairymen and progressive year plant. If cultivated in this manner ... who are endeavor-in- s raisers. beef Those Ihey generally head well; but under to find profit in either of those v t A?) tiie most favorable circumstances some v' of stock raising are finding branches plants are slow in heading. In such out that from heat, flies, and protection jases I have used fine table salt, by dried the cheapest and about is pasture in the heads it will sift rprinkling it No doubt to effective most adopt. plan down between the leaves and the dews calves more reason one why principal and rains will dissolve it. I have never seen a plant fail to head after are not housed, says Farmers' AdvoTRIO Oy BLACK COCHINS. thus being treated. The insect ene- cate, is that it would involve a certain mies are of four kinds. The first to amount of regular labor in the shape so many object to in utencommence their ravages is the flea that of "chores" which but in plumage. The standard weight of squirt of milk thrown away, all .summer unless we take the season; sils kept perfectly clean, milk removed Buff, Partridge and White Cochin suck3 the juice as soon as the plants and a practical, lively, from the stable immediately after cocks is 11 pounds; hens, 8V2 pounds; appear above the ground. A mixture interest in cur business in these milking, strained, and night and morn- cockerels, 9 pounds; and pullets, 7 of equal parts of soot and lime will we cannot hope to reach the goal of pounds. Black Cochins are of the same drive them away. The black ing's milk not mixed." in our business. Tho profits work greater as soon as the 8. The receiving hours are fixed by weight, excepting cocks, which should get3 in his deadly e and enterprising competias is a as of stem small the large the management, but two days' notice weigh IOV2 pounds. plant tors who do things because they should off at the surface it by gnawing quill, given of any change. a of the grouud. Many of them may be be done and not draw the line at 9. The management determines the The l'rolit in l'oultry. where an undertaking adds lo or point by small destroyed and placing manner of taking samples. caught The farmer who despises the hens is blocks or ends of boards near the takes from little of present personal 10. Patrons have a right to be presmaking a big mistake, no matter if he plants, under w.rca they will burrow comfort, are tho ones that wear the ent during the testing. today and declare are made twico a is a big grain farmer or big stockman, to protect themselves from the rays of hopeful expression 11. Payments Them is are times the D. A. that N. mending. writes in Column's Rural the sun. By lifting the blocks they month. of who iu minds thoso no the World. ocare question and Appearances deceitful, frequently pamay be destroyed. 12. rntil notice is given, the tried both, plans but that indoor have few the last for that the is years, weather yes, many years, crop curs in dry trons must take back the skim milk. the breeder of fowls has made indefi- attacked by what we Umors call the summering has great sulvar.tasea over 13. All milk deliveries must follow pasturing after the third week iu June. nitely more money for the amount of Cabbage Louse, but is known to scieninstructions of the dairymen. So far as turning the calves out a few care and has money, name he I thought the put tific writers by ApiJae. 11. It is not allowed the patrons to into Ivs business than come of his have often seen the e leaves lit- weeks on the fresh pasture before the use any of the utensils in the creamery harmful ia more I do them. not brethren. pretentious Plenty of heat anil Hies become unless necessary, and the user is reerally covered with be no groat disadthere f.ee that the prices of fresh eggs and tin as above equal in parts, soot and lime, sponsible for damages. tho calves are not tho market poultry have fallen much for recommended for Ito. is an excellent vantage, provided seven weeks old and 15. The dogs used in hauling or six than of less the the average year, notwithstandBut the most prions obstacle milk must be provided with muzzles, the low price of corn and oats. remedy. is the fly, the pasture is abundant and of good to the growth of and owners are responsible for auy re- ing Western farmers had better convert which lays its eggs under and between quality. Perfect liberty at this time, sults for not doing so. or clover, skim The breaking of any of the rules Is more of this grain into poultry prod- the leaves, and after lushing develops along with fresh grass oat of it a and lick ucts. chop, oil cake, to raw Manufacture the the cats milk, into way re20 fine of and grain cents; if into a worm followed by a the finished poultry commodities. Man- centre of the head. 've experiment- or the like, will start the youngsters in 40 cents; six within months, peated to bo profitable feed consumand the third time expulsion may fol- ufactured articles naturally bring ed with various renins to check tho way So i &a these favorable condiuoawe ers. 10 the than long cruder larger prices most products. them, and the low. v o exist in wt"M The great point in producing poultry a ths pasture lot there is tions strong brine, as mart evxv of in for critical no making changes, but to advantage gallon products nnd add city markets is to St:iti(l:tnl Varieties of ClilckPnn. . . uome-mau- e that a cool, dark the ei A time the raise best. when poor article pound always brine The plumage of back and cushion la a or oats aad clover mown and the soap stable reddish-brow- n in color. Each featlK-- ia disappoints both buyer and seller. soap. Heat the mixtnrMinUl Away with dunghill fowls. Breed the is dissolved; let itcoolntl it is ready lutes would give tho calves greater variety of poultry that best fits the for use. A common ;r.'..kK-- answers comfort, just at that time should such purpose you have in view. Plymouth a very good purpu.e K niaking the conditions bo administered. This is Rocks and Wyandottcs are superb abdication. If the :.V' mixture la more particularly applicable to calves tho. plants breeds to cultivate tor market that are to become beefers, because we poultry. supplemented by !uwant to sell for money some time in Leghorns are line layers, but of small with equal parts of clUxtive-nesstoils iidd u ,Hi. tho future every pound of gain our value for cooking in a pot. The Amer- UUU HUVI1 II, ' should be feed has made and not allow any of It ican Wyandotte of a, healthy strain Bear hi mind the mix""''. CiV ." t;i,i ..;(; to be lust after being once beneath the doubtless comes as near a good layer applied two Ol' skin. With dairy calves rapid developand fine market bird as any singlo ment, when of a muscular character, breed. If a man 13 to make a specialA New Molti itwet pest 1st H very important. A stunted animal ty of giving the market fresh eggs A new and disastrous s always much less profitable thin it let him be sure the eggs are fresh, ami made Its appearance in JiassachtncttB in the state. would have been bad Us growth b.M'u that they reach the market fresh. If and is causing a sensation and is a continuous, because Its digestion will he sells dressed fowls, let him be sure It is of a caterpillar of trees, be stronger and it will become a larger, FETHER3 OK PARTRIDGE COCH- they are fat, plump and well dressed. voracious feeder on De IN HEN. The beast, wku greater cafollowing Iu thi3 way trade will grow on one's preferably fruit trees. service. Issued for C. by Prof. a darker the brown; pacity hands. statement has been penciled vith to the Hatch outlines of the penciling conform to R. Fernald. entomologist undertake The older a man gets, the more of t experiment station at th MassachuIf you would be mirces-ful- , the shape of the feather. The breast can cut. carry College; than you most nur of lt fool he tho no thinks a boy Is. important points Is one of Agricultural setts nwrW o'cSsy J".V I- i g tiT-ae- s cut-wor- m wide-awak- U cab-'- llosri in Summer. my i.-.- Se The hog may be kept growing n8 thrifty through August as well as May, provided the May conditions are furnished, at;J this is possible on most farms, writes J. A. Dobie in National Stockman. One of the most important of these is pasture. It is possible to grow hegs successfully by soiling, but it requires more attention and work than most farmers are willing to bestow. A grass run affords tho growing pig that exercise so necessary for his proper development, and the succulent grasses are rich in the muscle and Crass and material. clover are loosening to the system, and are just suited to bis wants in dry, hot weather. It matters not how well cared for in other respects, the pig will never be thrifty in summer unless he has plenty of pure, fresh water. This important point is, perhaps, more often neglected than any other. Slop will not answer the purpose of drinking water entirely, though it is, of course, a partial substitute. The man who has never had the job of carrying water in a pail to a bunch of hogs has no idea of the amount they will drink on a dry, hot day. The man who will pen i.p hogs, or any other animals, in a lot or field entirely destitute of shade ought to receive the attention of the humane society. Such protection from the sun as a wire fence affords is hardly sufficient. Shade trees here and there wili do fairly well, but nothing is equal to a wood lot. If the ground be low and damp, and is covered by a dense undergrowth through which the sun never penetrates, bo much the better, but shade of some kind they must have in order to thrive and grow. Some good hog growers believe that hog baths are unnecessary. Others believe that a wallow of mud is better than none. I know from long experience that the hog will do tolerably well without any bath rain, provided he has damp earth and dense shade. He will do still better if he can have a bath of clean water at will. But rather than allow him access to a foul wallow of thick mud I would prefer that he never see water except to drink. In these times we must look carefully to these little details if re grow hogs at a reasonable profit. bone-formin- g er-ce- pt Watering Work Horses. In the beginning of the working Benson in the fields I would like to make a suggestion in tho interest of the farm horses and their owners. I do not believe that it is right or profitable to make a horse work five hours in hot weather without water. "When an animal is suffering the tendency is to loe in weight, and that a heated horse does suffer when deprived of water for a number of hours is evident to all who have tried to restrain our teams from drinking when the stable is reached at noon or night. At ten o'cloclt in ttl3 forenoon and four in the afternoon, cr near those hours, water should be finished. It pays mo to stop my wor'i of a mile-foand take tbe team water, if none is nearer at hand. The animals arc refreshed, suffering ia prevented, and more work can be dou upon a given amount of feed. Pest ot all, the driver feels more like a Chri-tiaA small barrel swung upon a with a bent axle of two pole attached, can be used for fields remote from water. The cart can drawn behind wagon or cultivator ot drawn direct by horses when no implement need bo taken, lor young: horses especially water should be kept in the field. When this humane plan is adopted it should be adhered to strictly. one-four- th r u. cart-wheel- s, 1 Ex. Hard-Work- Horses. ed Tho nature of farming is such that at times horses must be worked very hard ia order to do the work at the proper time, and at other times, tho farm horse has comparatively little to do. This can not be helped. When the horsei work hard, owners aim to feed all they will ea.; without waste, and then they can not keep them In flesh. Should they feed them as heavy when idle, it would well nigh ruin them. Tho farmer's judgment is needed here as much as in any part of tho farm management. It ia all right to feed a hors-- the same ration tbe your through if he has steady and uniform work, but when he works hard for several months and then does but little for a time, this can not bo done, and it requires judgment in increasing and diminishing tho ration I'x- to suit the work ; 1 eKo.-"-- nec-,.r- 1 1 v-- one-fourt- h - : t n. ri'm . n."". b 1 it n r! tl sP. better-lookin- g A Hot Milk as Nutriment. If any one doubts the nourishing properties ot milk, let a test ba made of the followWhen very ing preparation of it. from weak or heat exhaustion, weary somo milk to the scalding point until a thin skin begins to wrinkle upon the surface, and then drink it as hot as possible. It refreshes almost instantly, and restore'.! the exhausted vitality to a surprising extent as soon as it is taken. It is more nutritious than any of the beef teas made from meat extracts or even from fresh beef. Kx. Pee l of Sows. Too many men allow their brood sows and stock hogs to run and partake of the same ration. Corn alone is the food of thousands of stock hogs, but such a diet for brood sows will knock the profits off the pig crop much oftcner than many tog'-the- suppose. Ex. Kustls, Me., News Is filled with reports that bears are thicker than sheep.