SSI HOME PASTEURIZATION NECESSARY SAFEGUARD In 1886, David Bruce found the organism or-ganism that caused a disease that was quite common on the island of I J ' Malta and on the shores of the Mediterranean, Medi-terranean, which some 20 years later, was found to result from the drinking of raw goat's milk. In 1897, a Danish veterinarian found the organism that caused contagious Dr. Nathan S. . ,,, . abortion (Bangs uavism disease) cattle. In 1918, Alice Evans found that the organisms discovered by Bruce and Bang were identical and a little later Traum found that the organism also was the cause of an infectious disease in swine. This organism was named after Bruce, the Brucella and the disease became Brucellosis. This disease, which only a few years ago was considered rare and limited to the Mediterranean area and a few districts elsewhere where raw pnat's milk was used, has now been found to be one of the most Number of Physicians in U. S. POPULATION PER PHYSICIAN to uD liAJLLT 1886 1900 1925 1938 87,521 119,719 147,010 169,628 widespread of all the infectious diseases. dis-eases. It has an incubation period of from 5 to more than 30 days and a gradual onset in most instances though it may start with a sharp chill and rapid rise of temperature. Varied Symptoms. In the acute form the signs and symptoms are quite characteristic though the diagnosis can not be made definite without the help of laboratory tests. Less than 10 per cent of the chronic cases have had any manifestations of the acute disease dis-ease and some of the ordinary laboratory lab-oratory tests may be negative though the more delicate ones are positive. In many of these cases, the patient is only partially disabled for work and complains chiefly of weakness weak-ness and exhaustion, with or without with-out mild fever, loss of weight, head- ache and muscular and joint pains. Man seems to be most susceptible to the variety of Brucella causing the disease of goats, next to that affecting swine and least to that affecting af-fecting cattle. Nevertheless the disease dis-ease in man is most commonly due to drinking raw milk from cows with Bang's disease. The widespread distribution of the Bang's disease in cattle makes it difficult to control the disease at the source. A cow may appear perfectly per-fectly healthy and yet eliminate large numbers of Brucella in the milk. Bang's disease is so contagious conta-gious in cattle that it is impractical impracti-cal to test them often enough. As Brucellosis is generally a milk-born milk-born disease, the logical method for its prevention is the pasteurization of all milk and milk products. Those handling fresh killed pork must also be careful to avoid infection through any cuts or abrasions. Strict Supervision. Of course Brucellosis is only one of many diseases that may be transmitted trans-mitted to man through the use of raw and unpasteurized milk and dairy products even when certified. Complete pasteurization (143-145 degrees de-grees F.) for 30 minutes will destroy de-stroy these organisms. The requirement require-ment by various boards of health that all milk sold in the area over which they have jurisdiction, must be pasteurized under strict supervision supervi-sion is amply justified. Home pasteurization pas-teurization should be the rule for those who live on farms or in small communities that do not as yet require re-quire pasteurization. This may be carried out by placing the milk in an aluminum vessel and heating it to 155 degrees F. (68.3 C), stirring constantly, then immediately setting the vessel in cold water and continuing contin-uing the stirring until cool. "The best doctors are Dr. Diet, Dr. Quiet and Dr. Merriman." From the "Regimen "Reg-imen Sanitatis Salerni." QUESTION BOX Pond questions to Dr. Nathan S. Davis Til, Winnelka, III. (Enclose a fteli-addressed, stamped envelope. Q. I am interested in taking pituitary pi-tuitary juice to reduce my weight Could you advise me? A. You should not take pituitary extract except under a physician's supervision. Q. What is meniere's disease? A. Meniere's disease or syndrome is a group of symptoms dizziness, nausea and buzzing ears. Cutting down en salty foods helps most cases.