|No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)
|Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
|British Believe That Tide of War Has Turned
London. Nov. 9. To the eyes of military mili-tary exports the darkest page of the Avar is now being ivritten. But even' that is illuminated with bright passages pas-sages .such as General White's victorious victori-ous sorties. If he can keep the British fiiis Hying over Ladysmith until he is relieved, the campaign will turn a fresh pare, and with the advance of Sir Redvers Buller's force, the British public is promised more cheerful reading. read-ing. Tliis feeling of relief, inspired by recent re-cent Rood tidings, is nevertheless tinged by a certain anxiety lest General "White should again make some fatal miscalculation involving a repetition of the Nicholson's Nek disaster. Her majesty ma-jesty does not share this anxiety and apparently is sanguine of White's ability abil-ity to pull through successfully. It is asserted she has written to Lady White, expressing sympathy with her husband j in the trials and difficulties he is now experiencing, and assuring Lady White of her own undiminished confidence in his generalship. The purport of this letter has been cabled to General White ' bv tlie Atarnni nf l.ansdnvnp. Movements at Estcourt. The most interesting news tonight is a disoatch from Estcourt, announcing the departure of a strong force of mounted troops and artillery for a des-tinaon des-tinaon not given in the advices. Another An-other message announces the arrival at j Estcourt and Pietermaritzburg within i the last few days of reinforcements I from Durban, and that 3.500 troops are assembled ready for an advance to Coir Co-ir n so when the opportunity arrives. The latter disnatch throws light upon the former, and the force which left Estcourt Monday has doubtless reoecu-pied reoecu-pied Colenso and possibly is now ad- I-jidvsmith. General White's sortie of Fiidav almost to the banks of the Tu-gela Tu-gela river encouraging its commander in the hope of joining hands with him. General Joubert. the. latest advices would indicate, drew in his horns after Friday's engagement and has since withdrawn the southern Boer contingent, contin-gent, leaving only outposts on the line from Ladysmith to Colenso. Boers Have Retired. The Boers who occupied Colenso about the middle of lastweek retired without damaging Bulwer bridge over the Tugela river, or the railroad as far north as the village of Nelthrope. seven miles south of Ladvsmith. Evidently thev nurse a hone of eventually utilizing util-izing both in their descent on Pietermaritzburg. Pieter-maritzburg. Meanwhile the British are a'ro able to use both, as they have already ("me in running up an armored train, wi.ieh may at the present moment be covering- the advance of the Estcourt forces. At Estcourt and Pietermaritzburg the defensive , works have been greatly strengthened within the last few days and they are now believed capable of holding: their own against any Boer force which General Joubert would at the present juncture send against either " town. Both are likely to be strength ened before the week is out by a further fur-ther naval force and" even by the first detachment of General Buller's army corps. Buller's Troopships, None of the troopships have arrived. The one. which it was predicted might reach Cane Town at the earliest on Mondav is as vet unannounced, and even when it does arrive there it will have three davs' steaming to reach Durban. As manv as six transports with 4.500 troops were expected to be in Cape Town harbor by this time, but the war office last evening issued a statement state-ment to the effect that the only arrivals at Cape Town were the Sumatra, from Durban, with wounded; the Southern Cross, from .Gibraltar, with mules, and the collier Wenvoe. Of course it is possible that dispatch boats have been sent to meet the troopships with instructions to proceed direct to Durban. -and in that event the war -office statement that not one has arrived at Cape Town would be literally accurate, even though several should be half Avay between Cape Town and Durban. The situation looks brighter at Mafe-king. Mafe-king. where the Boers are apparently disheartened at the unexpected resist, nnci . a large body of their force having I been tached to the south to assist in the investment of Kimberley, around which the cordon is drawing tighter. Evidently the Boers intend to make a concentrated effort to capture Kimberley Kimber-ley and that arch enemy, Cecil Rhodes. Invasion of Cape Colony. i ne reportea aeparture or a Boer contingent con-tingent from Pretoria with German artillery ar-tillery gunners, moving in a southerly direction, is taken to mean co-operation in the invasion of the northern part of Cape Colony, an undertaking which has thus far not progressed very rapidly. Reports of a treacherous use of the white flag by the Boers, coming from native sources, are not received with complete credulity, but at the same time their reiteration is- making an unfavorable un-favorable impression. One paper asks sarcastically whether President Kru-ger's Kru-ger's reference in his message to America Amer-ica to "staggering humanity" meant the use of the Boer white flag. A dispatch from Durban gives details which, though rather indefinite, seem - show that the Natal volunteers are moving the big guns, which are not sufficiently mobile for field use, from Kstcourt to Pi-tfrmarit7hiir m the defence of the latter in the event of an attack. Advices from Naauwpoort, Cape Colony, Col-ony, filed Monday morning, say that' on learning that the Boers were relaying ; the rails at Norvalspont, the railway j department, the previous day, destroyed destroy-ed the culvert between Arundel and Twecdale. No Further News. There is practically no further news from the seat of war this morning it-is it-is asserted under a Sunday date from Estcourt, that General White received a message from Sir Redvero Buller on Saturday. So far, however, no message appears to have been received in London Lon-don from General White concerning Thursday's and Friday's sorties. A special dis; .itch from Pietermaritzburg. Pietermaritz-burg. dated Sunday,. says: "It is confidently con-fidently expected that railwayfcommu-mcation railwayfcommu-mcation will be restored with Lady fcmith within a few hours." Further details from Mafeking rar- img events up to Oct. 27. indicate that the Boer firing was easing off, the -ar nson was in high spirits, and the siege becoming a. farce. The correspondent says that the people were in the habit of shouting from the housetops "ware shells," and that rabbit holes had been excavated in the town into which the men would dive when the smoke of the Boers' big sun was seen. General C ron e 5s accused of dropping shells in the direction of the women's laager According to a dispatch from Ku'ru-'nan-WritiehBechuiinaland. dated Mon- Colonel Plummer's column. march-Ins march-Ins from Fort Tuli t the relief , Mafe king, had reached Asvogelkop, ten miles 1 north of Lobatsi, on Oct. 18, and was I nearing Mafeking. ' ' j FIGHT AT NICHOLSON'S NEK Hissing, Whistling' Fragments of Shells For Six Hours. .' j Cape Town. Sunday, Nov. 5. The following fol-lowing is an official description from Pretoria of the battle of Nicholson's Nek: - - "General Joubert was in supreme command. The Britishers advanced jn the darkness on the republic's force, oh the right of the hill formed by the Free Staters. commanded by .General Cronje. A-stampede of their mules threw the whole force into disorder. "The British batteries were observed in a long line on the plains in the direction di-rection of the Boers' center, along (he table hill, from which our artillery opened on the English batteries coming com-ing into position from Lombar.dskop with a Creuosot. The second shell fell in their midst. It was followed by shot after shot, drawing the British concealed con-cealed batteries. "From 6 to 12 the hill was a veritable inferno of hissing, whistling fragments of shells. At first the British failed I to reach the hill, while theBoer fire told heavily. Eventually the British reached the Boers and showered shells on the gunners. The Boers could only occasionally fire their guns. When a wounded erunner bandaged himself another an-other fought, oblivious of the fragments of shells at his baeki T)r. llohls was killed while bandaging the wounded. "In the meanwhile the' burghers got their Howitzers further forward and into nlae'e. and the extreme end of Meyers' Mey-ers' battery got in deadly- work." - The remainder of the, dispatch has not been received. SITUATION AT ESTCOURT. Boers Said to Be "Within Twenty Miles of the Town. Estcourt, Natal, v Nov. 5. Brigadier Gencal Wulfe-Murray has received important im-portant dispatches from Ladysmith by a runner, but their contents have not yet been divulged. ". '. The armored - trains, with a detachment detach-ment of the Dublin fusiliers and a railroad rail-road engineering staff, which left here for Colenso to repair the line, yesterday yester-day evening, and which also intended to go through Ladysmith, if possible, have returned here. The commanding officer reports that he proceeded beyond Colenso Co-lenso and, found the dwellings there untouched. There had been no looting except in . the single case of a store, which was looted by Kaffirs. Several prisoners were arraigned before General Gen-eral Wulfe-Murray this morning. It is reported that' the Boers are not within i twenty miles of here. I The bullet holes in the. uniforms of the Durban volunteers show the nar-! rowness of their escape from Fort Wy- I lie, which was only effected after the heavy -fire of the Dubin fusiliers had inflicted severe loss on the Boers. '"; A member of the garrison, who was hard pressed by the Boers, leaped into the river amid a shower of bullets, and diving repeatedly he reached a far bank unscathed. ., . - I General French managed" to leave Ladysmith by the last train from there. Four miles from ColensO the Boers fired on the train, but no one was hit. The general is going to Cape Town in order to take command of the cavalry: The border regiment arrived here on, Friday. Sub-inspector Petley of the Natal police po-lice says his men alone, forming one of several burial parties, interred sixty-four sixty-four Boers who were killed at the battle bat-tle of Talana Hill. The Dublin fusiliers are being served with new kits, as they 1 lost everything in the retreat from Dundee. The colonial forces are already al-ready fighting in their shirt sleeves, and it is expected this will spread to all the forces before long. Details in regard. to General Brockle-hurst's Brockle-hurst's operations on Friday towards Dewdrop show that the British force consisted of the Eighteenth and Nineteen Nine-teen hussars, volunteer cavalry, with a battery of mounted infantry, the Fifth -.0...o, iwjnunes Jignt norse and two batteries. At midday General Brocklehurst drove the Boers from all the positions, shelled three of their guns into silence and headed off 1.000 Boers from the Pietermaritzburg road The light horse pressed too far intu a gullv and were extricated by the dragoons all getting safely away. Under a heavy fire, Lieutenant Pom-eroy Pom-eroy of the Fifth dragoon guards pluckily rescued a dismounted trooper from the fire zone. The Tiriticv, i ties were slight. The morale is excel-lent. excel-lent. Estcourt, Natal. No. ?, Mondav, 10-45 a. m. The Natal field artillery- left camp today, escorted by troops of the imperial light horse, carbineers and Natal Na-tal police. The destination of the force is unknown. Firing was heard thn morning in the direction of Colenso. from which it is believed the Boers have resumed the- bombardment of Ladysmith. FEAR THE BASUTOS. Danger of An Uprising On the Fart of the Blacks. . New York, Nov. 8, A dispatch to the Tribune from London' iay s- The dinger din-ger of a Basuto uprising is now ad- u ue immment, and this will affect General Buller's plan of campaign cam-paign and may render necessary the mobilization of a second army corps. Great confidence, is felt in the personal influence of Sir Godfrey Lagden, the British resident in Basutoland who prevented pre-vented Lerothodi from assailing the Free State at the time of the Jameson rail. It is now hoped that he can keen under restraint the paramount and lesser les-ser chiefs. The Basutos have a large force of mounted warriors armed with rifles and highly skilled mounted infantry in-fantry and they have an innate passion for lighting and strong animosity towards to-wards the Dutch. An experienced British Brit-ish officer says: "Remember that no white troops can operate in that country. We have the credit for defeating them in the last Basuto war. but in reality they gave in of their own w!lL Unless Lagden can now hold them back by appeals to their loyalty to England titty, will fight, and this will mean that when our war with the Dutch is nvpr V mitcf endiess and perilous campaign in Basu-toland. Basu-toland. , ... i Certainly, with the Free State at war wi-ri i:nland- u is impossible . for: the British troops to police the Basutoland border or take any but ineffective precautionary pre-cautionary measures for averting a dire ca astrophe This black menace is the darkest cloud now settling over South ai nca. LOOK FOR VICTORIES' NOW. British War Officials Are In Most Cheerful Spirits. London, Nov. S. An air of relief was- observable among the British war office of-fice officials today as a result of reassuring re-assuring news from Ladysmith, and the tone of comment on the war news has assumed optimism, which lately has been absent, tending to the belief that in addition to the brighter prospects pros-pects of the beleaguered garrison, the war office is cheered by the news of the arrival at their destination of the first transports with General Buller's army corps. Now the officials are inclined to predict that low water mark has been touched and that slowly but steadily the rising tide of victory, may be ex- ' pected. The proposal, to send out an addition- al 10.0GO troops is highly approved, and it is considered probable that fully that . number will be required, as independent reports concur in saying the resistance of the Boers will be stubborn to the j " last, and that not until the resources of two republics are exhausted will ' ' they acknowledge defeat. - I - The news of a great victory which f - was circulating here last evening is not j M confirmed, and the Boer losses reported by what may be designated Kaffir-grams, Kaffir-grams, ought to be greatly discounted. as the Kaffirs, knowing the British wish H to hear of Boer losses, are likely to sup- H ply them with reports to their taste. ' h However, allowing for all exaggera- tion. General White appears to have given General Joubert's forces several home thrusts, and the war office is 4 justified in its contention today that i 1 the news demonstrates clearly that - General White is able to more than 4 merely hold his own and can strike j blows of such force as not only to en- 1 sure the safety of Ladysmith, but also " probably to have a telling effect on the duration and results of the pending "t operations of General Buller's army corps. In short, the war office officials - take a decidedly hopeful view of the 4 entire situation and believe even the T advance section of the British forces at Ladvsmith have seen the worst days. It is hoped that the renewed charges 4 of Boer violations of the sanctity' of -f the white flag originated in the lively imagination of the Kaffirs, though .4. similar charges have several times been T made during the present campaign, and though official accounts renort similar practices in the former Transvaal war. ' There has not been any mention of j -f such actions thus far in any of the I 4 official reports received from General i mic aim wt'iitriai iuie, wno WOUJCl surely have formally remonstrated against such conduct on the part of the Boers. One' of the most important items today to-day is that General Smith is going to Cape Town. This is taken as a confirmation con-firmation of .the statement already made by the Associated Press that the main advance of the British forces will be through the open flat country of the Orange Free State and the southwest ern part 0f the Transvaal. Otherwise so skillful a leader as General French would hardly have been withdrawn from Ladysmith at the present time of stress. There is much speculation regarding the next Boer move. It seems clear that it will be impossible for them to closely invest Ladysmith, owing to the fortunate arrival of long range na-val na-val guns, which keep the Boers at least four miles off. making the circle of investment in-vestment about . twenty-five miles in circumference, which, it is claimed, will be impossible for the Boers to fully ., occupy. It is beyond belief, however, that General Joubert will remain long inactive and it is conjectured here that " his present quiescence is due to the fact he is awaiting the arrival of havy -i gur.s from Pretoria and Johannesburg 1 .- cucnuauj uun, ucii u aim renaer untenable un-tenable the British position. Further reports of the Grobiersktoof " affair tend to confirm the statement that the British were successful. A -Kaffir declares that fully 100 Boers -were killed on the hill ton by the , "men-women." which is supposed to indicate in-dicate that the Gordon Highlanders were there. " Cyclist scouts have since been across H the Tueela bridge. They saw a num-U ber of killed lying on the plain. Ap- j oarentlv. when the Colenso garrison , evacuated that place Friday, the Brit. ish troops missed a grand opportunity of carrying out an effective attack on 4 the rear of the disconcerted Boers. The latter appear to believe that the Co- lenso column evacuated the place as j a ruse and are lying in ambush to surprise them if they advance, hence 1 the immunity of the town from occu- " pation by the burghers. -4 The special service souadron has been ordered to assemble at Spithead Nov. 17, where it will be joined by four bat- 4 tleshios. The whole fleet, it is asserted, T is intended to welcome Emperor Wil-liam Wil-liam on his arrival at Portsmouth on " Nov. 20. a uisnaicn rrom General Buller says the press censor telegram of yesterday evening was obtained from Ladysmith throueh the enerev of the correspon-! dent of the Daily Telegraph. The papers pa-pers are already objecting to' the holding hold-ing of private newspaper dispatches. They admit that the government is fui-ly fui-ly entitled to use the information for its own purposes, but they think that wholesale confiscation is not justifiable. GOING TO ZULULAND. Gen. Schalkberg, With a Force of 1,300 Men Arrive at Vryheid. ' Durban, Natal, Nov. S. General Schalkberg. with 1,300 men. has arrived at Vryheid on his way to Swaziland. It is believed he is going to Zululand. The enrollment of the new imperial infantry is proceeding apace at Durban and Pietermaritzburg for the Askh-moore Askh-moore river. News from the lower Tugela Tu-gela reports splendid work upon the part of the Germans- below Umvoti. The mounted rifles have no volunteers more assiduous than the Germans. The preparations for the defense of Pietermaritzburg are in good shape. All the strong positions on the surrounding hills have been fortified. There has been a great influx of Colenso refugees at Pietermaritzburg, where the public building and stores have been given over to them. The population of Durban has been increased 25,000 by the refugees among whom there is considerable distress. MILNER VISITS THE WOUNDED. Some Queer Results of the Injuries Received By Soldiers. Cape Town. Nov. 5 Sir Alfred Mil-ner Mil-ner visited the wounded today. They are all doing well. Some of the wounds are of an extraordinary nature The Mauser bullet makes a clean perforation perfora-tion of bone and muscle. Soldiers shot through both cheeks have lost the sense of smell and taste, but are otherwise quite well. Most of the wounds are in I the hands or arms. The local volunteers have again expressed a desire of goin to the front. a; The Dutch of the colony maintain neutrality, though doubtless many in Bechuanaland have joined the Boers. AMERICAN WOMEN'S SHIP. Lady Randolph Churchill Sends Appeal Ap-peal to the United Statees. London, Nov. 8. At the request of the Associated Press Lady Randolph Churchill made today the following statement to American friends with regard re-gard to the project of American women in England of fitting cut a hospital ship for use In South African waters: "The time for fitting out the Maine' is so brief that I am glr.d to avail myself my-self of the Associated Press to set the project fairly before the American pub. 1 i mmT 1 EZRA THOMPSON, MAYOR-ELSCT OF SALT LAKE. 1 fmSrmmM mm -'' . '''' t lie. The interest manifested by Americans Amer-icans has already taken such tangible form from New York to San Francisco that I am sure that an intimation that What remaining work there is to do, must be done -immediatelv, will spur the 'American public into a. ready response re-sponse to our needs. - - ."There is- but one motive, one reason for the- project of sending a hospital ship to the Cape. We have had oratory and societies for the promotion of-Anglo-American friendship. This is the 1 golden opportunity to put that expression" expres-sion" of good will into tangible form. It is especially the province of American women to promote this cause, but it is woman's function' to foster and nourish nour-ish the suffering. American people are more adept at it, we believe, than any others. ' . ! "The Maine is.' to bo essentially an j American women's ship. We are not .only to aid the suffering, but are to show the world that American women can do good work better than anyone else can do it., I am going to the Cape in the Maine,; not because my son is there, for he will bo 1.000 milc-3 awav, .but because I .want the generous efforts' ef-forts' of American contributors to be carried out under the personal supervision super-vision oi a member of an executive committee. 1 1 urn Ryiug oecause i uuiik 1 may prevent, any' kind of friction between the American nuis:s whom Mrs. White-law White-law Reid is sending out on Saturday, and the British', officials, in case such friction should arise. I contribute that much time and service gladly, and all j our committee would do the same. The Maine . will be a success, and we hope American contributions, already given so generously, will, within the next few days, insure that succc&s bevond a doubt." . ELUDED THE BOERS. Ladysmith Hotel Keeper Brings 111 News Into Estcourt. Estcourt. Natal, Monday, Nov. 6. Mr. Bernard, proprietor cf the railroad hotel at Ladysmith, has arrived here with a companion, having eluded the I Boer outposts by night, riding along Kaffir paths . He confirms the report that when General. White requested that the women and children be permitted to depart, General Joubert replied that he would only allow them to get away under the' muzzles or fire of his guns. Mr.' Bernard views the situation gravely, grave-ly, and saya that none of the British artillery is apparently able to cope with the Boer siege guns. America' With England. ; London. Nov. 8. Charles T. Ritchie, president of the board of trade, speaking speak-ing this 'evening; in Loughton, paid a warm tribute to the "ready assistance and lovaltv of the colonies displayed in a time of difficulty, and danger," and' of the friendlv attitude of the United States "which shows that the Americans Ameri-cans are with us in the struggle for the freedom of our fellow subjects in South Africa." ' FIGHTING WAS SEVERE. Bosrs at Ladysmith Badly Cut Up I and Howled For Mercy. Durban, Nov. 5. Other information confirms the statement of native eyewitnesses eye-witnesses respecting the severity of the fighting on both Friday and Saturday at Ladysmith.. The natives assert that j the Boers were so cut up that they howled for mercy on the field and cov-' cov-' ered their bodies. ' ! Ladysmith is crowded with Boer pris. oners and wounded, the latter present-! present-! ing horrible evidence of the swords-j swords-j manship of the cavalry. The Gordon Highlanders suffered severely in the fighting. ' ' Nurses For American Ship. New York,- Nov.' 8. Mrs. Whitelaw Reid received a cablegram today from Lady Randolph Churchill, asking her to secure the services of several American trained nurses. The nurses will ho I pected to sail for South Africa within j a week. Lady Churchill will pay all the , expenses. Immediately upon receipt of I the request Mr. Reid drove to the Belle-; Belle-; vue training school for male nurses and conferred with Mrs., Ada Willard the superintendent. Mrs. Willard furnished a list of eligible nurses and eleven accepted ac-cepted the offer to go to the Transvaal. To Check Boer Advance. London, Nov. 8. The Daily Mail has the following dispatch from Queens-town, Queens-town, Cape Colony, dated' Sunday night: "The railway staff. is withdrawing withdraw-ing from all the border stations between be-tween this and De Aar. There is no cause for alarm, however, with reference refer-ence to the border towns. General Buller Bul-ler has taken effective steps to check the Boer advance. Censorship prevents particularization, but you may expect good news soon." To Protect the Border. Colesburg, Nov. 6. It is reported 3,000 Boers have left Pretoria and are going to protect the southern border of the Orange Free State. They are said to be accompani. 1 by a large contingent of German artillery with quick firing guns of heavy: calibre. . ' ' Have Troops Enough. . ' . Ottawa. Nov.. - S.--Lord Minto received re-ceived a cablegram today from the imperial im-perial war office stating-that the second offer of troops, for the Transvaal by Canada would not be accepted, as they were not required.