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|Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
|Popeleo Xiii Gives His Views on Life and Death
; FOFE LEO 111 iVES UBS !CW 3 Off Lflrt ifflfo IbETH ' " . " 4- -TO a. m. A breath of morning air in ' 11 a. in. Light breakfast. 12 m. A short rest. 1 p. m. Literary work until seven 7 p. m. Receiving members of his 9 p. m. Telling his beads. 10 p. m. Dinner. : the garden. o'clock. . household. 4- 4- 4- 4- 1 no lis! J i ifHJ ! u ML 1 .r&j&j II 1 ' 'I ... 9 a. ni. The Pope leaves his room. Rome, October 25, 1899. The rope will not die like one of us; he will slowly go out like a lamp having hav-ing consumed it? last drop of oil. This is the opinion of Professor Mazzoni, the preat Rome physician, expert surgeon ani scientist, who recently had a long conversation with Leo XIII on the sub-j. sub-j. -. t if life and death. The Pontiff started start-ed the talk by saying that he loved life. "I do not want to be understood as loving life fornho sake of living," continued con-tinued the P.ipe: "yet I love it with a strong feeling of love; nothing that happens could lesson my love of exist- ii'v." Continuing, Leo said, pointing . at his wasted form: "I am above phy-i-i.-al considerations, of course, but men. t illy. am as lively as ever, and I will be xendy to battle in the intellectual arena ;is lone as thes bones hold out. My I 've of life is really a love of spiritual conquest." These words were spoken while Professor Pro-fessor Mazzojii was conducting his medical examination. At its conclu sion he informed his Holiness that he had never seen a person at the brink of his l0th year whose organization was so little impaired, and who was physically physic-ally s.. fit to be the head of an immense community. MAY RKACH THE CENTURY MARK The pope smiled. When the servants hud finished dressing him he dismissed them with a kindly motion of the hand, and looking Mazzoni straight into the eye, said: "And how many more years do you give me, doctor?' I have no right (o pass definite judgment. judg-ment. ' answered M.-,zzoni; "but 1 can! say this: "Your Holiness has abundant health for a man of your age, and your j spirits are fo fresh, so imbued with ! youthful vigor, that I do not hesitate to say that you may safely reach your hundredth year, or may even live a linger time, for the influence of a hale, striving, working mind on the shell that walks the earth is most beneficial and j decisive."' "I have long thought that, said the j Pop", "and I thank God every day that i He keeps my hand so clear, my mindJ so tree of disturbances. You know, doctor, doc-tor, 1 have always been a cheerful man ah,. I wish 1 touldl make all - my children, the entire Christian world, nay. all the peoples of the earth, believe in this beautiful maxim of cheerfulness. "If I live a thousand years I could never thank Cod sufficiently for this unmerited favor the endowment with a blithe and contented tempei-ament. As I look back upon my life I see its k different epochs as if reflected in a clear mirror. Of coui'se. the glory of it all is Cod's, but I take a little credit mysf-lf, too, and am proud that 1 feel as young as I do." HAS LITTLE USE FOR DOCTORS. . The Pope then said that, although he vahud medicine most highly, he had little t;se for doctors, whereupon Maz-Z"tii Maz-Z"tii made answer: "Your Holiness may i'' t assured we physicians can do lit-i!e lit-i!e or nothing for you. We stand aehast before the pleasing phenomenon of young old age buoyed up by work and unshaken by serious cares." "Well," said the Pope, thoughtfully, "when quite a young student I read Hufeland's celebrated work, "The Art of Prolonging Life,' then just published, pub-lished, and I agreed with the German professor that the mere prolongation of life would be quite a useless undertaking, under-taking, and that above all one must have something to live for. If one has something to live for, then one must try to put off the growing old as long as possible, and that is what I have done. . l ! "Again, I have always kept my stom-: stom-: ach under strict coritrol. Man's digest-i digest-i ive organs usually begin to degenerate I after his fiftieth year, and the more one has abused his stomach the quicker, the more painful the degeneration. "Well, my diet has been the same as student, chaplain, bishop, diplomat. Govrenor. Archbishop, Cardinal and Pope. I have never eaten more than was necesasry to build up and sustain my constitution. Most people have no idea how little man needs to keep from starving." THE POPE'S DAILY WANTS. The Pope next explained his daily wants, in the way of food. For breakfast, break-fast, served immediately after Mass this latter is celebrated in 1 eo's private j house ehapeV.theTJat--. largest of the.-j5U.Ue.of live.rccms in .jd by him for breakfast he has a cup of coffee and two or three rolls, which he slowly munchcis while going over his correspondence corres-pondence and seeing his privy secretaries, secreta-ries, who give an opinion of the news. '"This is all the fuel I need for several hours' desk work, which ensues as soon as I am through with my gentlemen," continued Leo. "Ah." he interrupted himself, "but there is one Impediment already, which I have never mentioned to you. 1 can't hold the pen long in j hand without overstraining the mus-I mus-I elesA So some mechanical genius has I constructed for me a sort of writing glove, the manipulation of which does neither tire nor irritate me. It's a great success and in comnoring these ! documents." smiled the Pontiff, "I dare i say I waste a good deal of white paper J by my method.. I commence in this way: After thinking out my theme, j I and while thinking. I put my own ideas! j down on sheets of foolscap paper, each I idea on a different sheet. That done. I the real work of composition begins. I j have before me a stock f numbered j strips of paper upon which I write, in i abbreviated form, the sentences and ! phrases occuring to -tne after consult- j ing the original notes. j "That takes me four or five days, i sometimes a couple of weeks. After all is finished I lock the heap of manuscript manu-script in a drawer of my desk, to which I alone have the key, and that key never leaves my pocket. Then I dismiss dis-miss the. subject from my mind until about ten days previous to the intended in-tended publication. "Now the work of the secretaries commences. To one of these I dictate the document from my little strips. The secretary writes out the whole in appropriate ap-propriate form and brings it to me for correction. - "Ah. then I learn how little finished my style and diction are! As a self-cori-ector J ' am worse than Tolstoi, I believe. Pity the poor secretary: he has to do his work three or four times, over before the: original is approved of. The oi iginal is. of course, in Italian. This my secretaries translate into Latin, Lat-in, and, the transcript being made, I work the whole thing over to give it a classical finish. It has to be done quickly, though, for. as you know, my audiences begin at 10:15 a. m. WITH GOD'S FREE NATURE IN THE GARDEN. "When my last visitor or pilgrim is gone I think of my health again. Man's organism requires a plentiful circulation circula-tion of the blood, and exercise is the thing to send it through all parts of the body, including the brain. 'Have ; your brain well flooded with blood,' said a physician to me fifty years ago, 'and it will never lack elasticity.' I sit down in my Sedan chair and some of my good fellows carry me into the garden. gar-den. I don't have to descend staircases. stair-cases. When I am in God's free nature na-ture my lungs' expand and my limbs stretch. Every little while I beckoii my attendants to halt. I get out and walk. It does a world of good and the little walks give me a healthy appetite for dinner. "My meal rconsists of a good soup," a roast, green 'vegetables, fruit, and a small bottle of red wine. The menu never varies except on fast days. Of course, my good people would like to make me a glutton. If I had my own way 1 wouldn't spend above a lire for my dinner daily, but it's nearer I three lires now, things have so gone up in prices! Pio says so and it must be true, though the old rascal the best heart in the world cannot be entirely-trusted entirely-trusted where my comfort is concerned. He actually pi-oposed the addition of a sweet to my menu the day after I achieved the tiara. "I had to be very severe with him on that occasion. 'Pio.' I said, 'the stomach stom-ach of Leo has not grown since yesterday. yes-terday. We must stick to the old habit. I have no desire to die a dyspeptic dys-peptic HIS AFTERNOON NAP. Professor-Mazzoni assured the Pope that h's questions vere not prompted by idle curiosity. "I ask for science's sake," he;said, "and beg that your Hoi- 4 -t- ----r-- I : . I 'mhJM' I' - t x I mm 3 x x - PiMS I : : IkvM I' -in' POr-ei x,j20 XIII. , I -f -f FRUGALITY. That cruel, shameless siien only cares -f a To trap men's feet and spread her shin- .4. -rv t vn vitt hig snares. . . -f Jil.LLU Alii. These are her arts:-to bid the table shine j " With varied ornaments and, purple fine. -f "7 A- Embroidered napkins impudently glow: I T What diet lends the strength to life and The cups are ordered in a gleaming row; -f frees Goblets and beakers, bronze, and sliver -r The flower of health from each malign . . ' . Plate. " ".- , , . . T disease A"d fragrant flowers the table decorate. I ; The good Ofellus. pupil from of old ' " With these and seeming hospitable- word . I And follower of Hippocrates, has told. She draws her guests incautious to the J -f - Rating base gluttony with anxioi s air. , board; I He thus , laid down the laws of frugal On couches bids the languid limbs re- fare- eline. ... a 4. ' And brings forth beakers of her choicest -r a II 1 wine. - 4- T Newtno come first ' P,e thv snare fihle "VVIlit 'hina vineyards er Falernian yieid, hr Ithl And iuices of the Amyclaean field, 7 Wiih shininc- riwh m,t with r-nitinc With auch liqueurs as anxious art distiis; -f I J?hi n,.pkinb Prom various iuices dainty cups she fills. 1 P.e n Chianti unadulterate. Rivals in gree.l devour e jmcy cates To cheer the heart and raise the spirit's An, f"est U,h su?st ln dnnkin tmu" T -4- wei lit lates. ... 1 Yet trust not much the rosy god; in fine. rh! Z l?e sure that you put water to your wine. ' Geese lend their hverb, hare, tneir ten- X Pickebythgrain and pure thy home- Midsf ortolans and doves a white as 4 py meats be delicate and dairy fed. Flehmixod with fish and clams with y Tender nor highly spiced thy food; nor ovsters show 4. ' Thv'iasu-s with sauces from Aegean seas. The ml?h?ybplate a hu?e snuiU-- I Fr.-vh tu thine pirns hard boiled or nr-irl Swimming, attended b a shoal ot squill:,. I -f 1 rSv.)lt., 1 fee The gaping guests adore and. feeding fine. ! Or deftly poached or simply served au Peato gisgust and soak themselves in j X "There-s vit in poaching eggs," the pro- The.R blown with wine and food and it . And'Voudo them in a hundred ways. ' ' Bei ' ttt At last, with wine and meat o ercome, I are still. I a Nor shun the bowl of foaming milk that -f T feeds v. -v The infant and may serve the senior's - , . . , . ! - needs. Greed laughs triumphant in her cruel 1 4. Next on the board be Heaven's gift, glee Z honey, placed. And drowns her guests like sailors in the l And s,.aring of Hyblaean nectar. taste sea , 4- Pulses ar.d salads on thy guests bestow Fell indigestion now her work begins. a Even in siibiu i an gardens salads grow. The liver finds the sinners m their sins; Add chosen fruits whate'er the times 1 ar.guid. perspiring, tortured, tumid, they, f- .afford; With limbs that totter take their devious 7 4. Let rose-red apples crown the rustic way, , ... T- . board. With tongues that stammer and with Last comes the beverage of the Orient ' faces rale. - . . 4- shore But greed would yet more potently pre- f 4. Mocha, far off. the fragrant berries bore. ' vail; 4 T Tate the dark fluid with a daintv lio; The broken, battered body fs her own 4. Digestion waits on pleasure as voii sip. What if fhe soul herself were overthrown 4. And bound to earth in greeel s unhol 4- l, IV. snafe! , ; Such are my. precepts for a diet sage That we inherit the diviner air. a That leads thee safely to a green old age. Then, if it might, , the flood of greed would 4- Rut wise Ofellus still would sagely say, roll , , ., " a The rath of greed lies quite the other E'en o'er the embers of the immortai way. soul! . iness will beVieaed to tell me whether you take a long i-est after dinner, as is cu-rtomary with old people?" "Oh, yes," answered Leo, "I steal half iiiiiwii HP MllllMlllllW , n p win nail j , 4 an hour every afternoon from my duties du-ties for a naip, because it refreshes me vonderfullv. Then I return to my desk to work until after sundown. ' .-... 1 .. '. ' When the lights are on my real season for recreation begins. Then I receive members of mv family and peional friends, and we have many a good chat. At 9:30 o'clock I retire to tell my beads. Then supper a glass of warm milk, a slice of bread and-roast meat, and a 1 i t tie cheese sometimes. When that is o er I sack mv desk again and work j till midnight or longer." I Professor Mazzoni says he never saw 1 such subjugation of matter to spirit as I in the ca ? of the Pope. "Outwardly." I he sa;-s, "he looks a broken-down old j rentlemari, but the ideas that sway I him, the love of duty and performance that is. has second nature keep his blx)d I traveling through hie veins and keep his whole being.' alive. If he wasn't such a joyful man his breathing ap-! ap-! paratus would in all probability be out i of ordier; his heart would not act with such surprising regularity as it does. ! As it is, with these two orgafts going, ; every bit of food he takes tx:orrcS fuel ! for th living fire and the change of ) matter in hfe body is never, interfered' j with. His brain s'the clearest; there j is absolutely no sign of degeneration of j brain cells. Medicinally speaking, Leo i is a wonder. ! CONCERNED IN ALL HUMANITY. "He told me: 'Everything that concerns con-cerns humanity concerns me.' He takes the greatest and most intelligent uiter-est uiter-est in every nation's life. Politics, ivi-ence, ivi-ence, literature, art, philanthropy "H interest him; he stands in the center of all useful movements. That, however, how-ever, would not suffice to keep him j in. health 5f he hadn't been always a j i most moderate liver, if his whole life j hadn't been regulated by the most mi-I mi-I nute system .and order. A couple of ' fried egg3, served on la little table re- 1 oplendent with beautiful linen, crystal and plate is a whole banejuet to him. as it should be.- to .very old man! "And how well he emnioys his hours of recreation. In the consciousness of his infallibility he might summon to him people who simply report things as they have, happened. Not so Leo. He is after opinions, and he will not see a man twice who sjavishiv endorses th? Pontiffs ideas against his own judg-j judg-j ment. i "Leo delights in disputes; he loves to i hear the truth, even if it's opposed to I his own notions. Then hi-s eyes sparkle. I He smiles and encourages the speaker I in every way possible. It's true recrea- ! i tion, because it's mental gymnastics. ' Leo takes a human interest in his fel-' fel-' low-men and it seem to me that he I sets humanity above doctrine. 1 "I told his Holiness that I couldn't ' say how lonafhe might live. My private . j opinion is this: Some morning the good ! Pio will find him dead at his desk, his i little writing glove in his benevolent j hand, a smile upon his lips, and maybe 1 the document he was working on f- an i epoch-making encyclical or poem; or i maybe he will be found dead with fc'is- I hands folded in prayer. At all events, I it will be a painless death, a beautiful i one." .