|Rich County News
|No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)
|Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
|Rich County News
THE RICH COUNTY NEWS. RANDOLPH. UTAH PACKAGES ESSENTIAL NEAT-APPEARI- Its perfectly safe IN DEVELOPING COTTAGE CHEESE TRADE to do business with us by mail. Send us an order. p t BOYD PARK FOUNDTDIBOff MAKERS OF JEWELRY KO MAIN STREET SALT LAKE CITY Chance for Inventors. prize of $10,000 is offered by the Walnut Growers association to anyone who will invent a satisfactory machine for branding the shell of each English walnut in a yearly $10,000,000 crop. . A ' Business Courses Stenography Bookkeeping Dictaphone Typewriting Civil Service Posting Machine L. D. S. Business College Salt Lake City, Utah Day and Evening AU the Year Sex Differences. When it is a man getting a set of false teeth, he is afraid he is not go-ito be able to eat with them ; if it is a woman, she is afraid she will not be able to talk. Houston Post. ng Weighing and Packing Cottage Cheese for Retail Marketing. f re pored by the United States Department of Agriculture ) keeping quality of the cheese. Thfl wrapper may be placed above a mold and a measured or weighed amount placed in it, first wrapping the cheese in parchment paper or lining the wrapWood fiber containers per with it. coated wdth paraffin are among the most sanitary and desirable types .of packages for cottage cheese. They may be obtained in several sizes. The regular style butter cartons are used as containers for cottage cheese and serve well when the cheese does not contain surplus moisture or Is rather dry. Paraffin paper cups are especially desirable since they have g airtight covers which make them practically impervious to moisture and keep the cheese In a perfectly clean and sanitary condition. No additional wrapper or paper is required, although some retailers place such packages in paper bags as a matter of convenience to the customer. Demonstrates Good Advertising. Because of the lack of a general knowledge in some sections of the use of cottage cheese as a substitute for meat and as a substantial part of the menu, demonstrations and displays of attractive and appetizing dishes prepared from cottage cheese are desirable methods of extending Its qse. At grocery stores, food shows, and meetings of womens organizations, demonstrations of the many practical and attractive ways of preparing It may be given, samples may be served, and recipes in which cottage cheese la used may be distributed. Lectures also may be given on the food value of this cheese and Its use in the diet Such demonstrations and lectures may serve not only to extend a knowledge and appreciation of the value and uses of cottage cheese, but also of the many other ways of using milk. Recipes and material for lectures at demonstrations may be obtained free by applying to the United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, The popular liking for cottage cheese, which is rapidly gaining favor in many parts of the country, presents new problems in marketing, say market specialists of the United States department of agriculture. Marketing methods which make it ptsil)le for consumers to obtain this valuable food product in a desirable condition, have not been well developed In many marA good quality of cottage kets. cheese, however, when sold la suitable packages at a reasonable price, will be used by numerous consumers during all seasons of the year. Many creameries, as well as dairymen and farmers, are producing cottage cheese as a side line, and find they can dispose of it readily. Cottage cheese is unlike butter In general characteristics, but may be merchandised in rnucb the same manner. It should be placed in a container that will not only protect it from contamination, but will also aid in preserving its qualities for a reasonable period. The most commonly used types of packages for retailing cottage cheese are the parchment paper wrapper, tinfoil wrapper, paper oyster pail, butter cartons, fiber board packages, and glass or earthenware The more desirable types of jars. cartons are those which offer the best protection against the entrance of air, since they protect the cheese from contamination and keep it In satisfactory condition until used. ... Wrapping Cottage Cheese. When a good grade of parchment paper is used and care Is used in wrapping It neatly around the cheese, It is an economical and serviceable package. Where quantities of a half pound or less are purchased, the small oil parchment paper bag, similar to that used for salted peanuts, has proved satisfactory. Tinfoil wrappers make a package that Is practically airtight, and protects the D. C. close-fittin- neat-appeari- t WHITE ANT IS CAUSE OF SERIOUS DAMAGE Little Insects Are Essentially Wood Destroyers. There Are Numerous Records of Injury to Young Fruit and Nut Tree Seedlings and to Young Trees Planted in Rich Soil. t Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) Unless proper care is taken to tnake buildings white-an- t proof, and to eliminate these ants from buildings already established, the insects may cause serious damage, especially In the southern states. White ants, or termite, are essentially wood destroyers, and live in nests in the wood of dead trees, decaying logs or stumps In the forest; in the foundation timbers of buildings, fences and other structures of wood in contact with the ground; or in a labyrinth of underground passages in the earth usually underneath wood or vegetation. An average colony contains several thousand individuals, but r.wing to their subterranean habllr they frequently carry on their work unnoticed, and It Is sometimes very difficult to destroy them once they get established in a building. Though colonies are made up of both wingless and winged individuals, d the grayish white, wingless workers are the destructive form. These workers make the excavations and live underground, shun the light and are therefore rarely seen. Always coming up through underground passages, they work In the interior of the wood, and leave intact a protective outer shell, so that the dam soft-bodie- age is often unsuspected until beyond repair. They gain entrance to building. through wood which comes In contact with the ground. Flooring and other stationary woodwork and furniture frequently become infested when the wooden beams are laid directly on the earth or In moist concrete and are often reduced to mere shells, the interior being completely honeycombed. Always the ants prefer to work In dark, warm, moist places. White ants occasionally Injure large trees and shrubs. In Florida they have done notable damage to newly planted groves of orange trees, having eaten the bark about the collar and roots and completely girdled the trees. Similar damage has been recorded to other fruit and nut trees, especially In the southern states. In the South also ants occasionally injure the stems and roots of a great variety of grain and truck crops. Injury to corn In the prairie region of Kansas has resulted from the early presence of the Insects iu enormous quantities in heavily sodded soil where they feed on the roots of the vegetation. There are numerous records of ant Injury to young fruit and nut. seedlings In nurseries and tc other nursery stock, and to young trees planted in recently cleared ground or soil rich In humus. The ants also Injure a variety of shrubs, weeds and flowers In gardens as well as in greenhouses. Since white ants are difficult to eliminate from the woodwork of a building when once established every precaution should be taken to prevent their gaining entrance. Where possible, foundations of buildings should be entirely of stone, brick or concrete, including stone columns or pillars in the basement to support the floor above. Make the floors and walls in the basement or cellar of concrete and lay the floors on a gravel base. Where stone or concrete foundations are im practicable use timber Impregnated creosote with coal-ta- r Whereas, we believe that the work of exterminating predatory wild animals and rodents carried on under the direction of the biological survey during the past few years has been very successful, and that under the thorough organization and efficient plans of that bureau tills evil will be largely minimized. If not entirely removed, provided the different states will heartily with the federal government in its plan of work ; and Whereas at the present time the funds appropriated by congress for this purpose are wholly inadequate fo meet the real requirements of the biological survey in carrying on this work, and on that account the results obtained are not satisfactory in most sections of the West; and Whereas it Is our belief that the present laws of the states should be repealed, and in lieu thereof the various states should, through their several legislatures, enact laws appropriating sufficient money to equal the amounts to be expended by the federal government in the different states, and that such state appropriations Should be expended under the direction of the biological survey, to be handled in conjunction with the funds appropriated by congress; therefor, be it Resolved by the Ttew Mexican Cattle and Horse Gfowers association, in convention assembled at Albuquerque, N. M., March 25, 26 and 27, 1919, that we urge congress to appropriate the additional sum of $300,000 for immediate use in the extermination of predatory wild animals and rodents, and that we petition the various states to make appropriations at least equal to the amounts expended by the federal government In the various states, said money, both federal and state, to be expended under the direction of the biological survey. This question of predatory wild animals and rodents which are also predatory animals in the true sense of the w rd, inasmuch as they raid and pillage the crops is a serious one in many parts of the West. The case of New Mexico is typical ; so the remarks of Representative Hernandez of New Mexico concerning the situation are of interest. He said in part ; One of the serious problems confronting those engaged in promoting increased production of food crops and meat animals was the tremendous damage to growing crops and to range grasses caused by prairie dogs and other rodents, and the loss of cattle, sheep, and poultry from wild animnls. Investigations by the United States biological survey show that the annual losses in the United States from predatory wild animals amounted to several hundred million dollars, and the loss from rodents Is probably greater. The annual loss in New Mexico was variously estimated at from fifteen to twenty-fmillion dollars. The method ive used by the biological survey has been perfected by years of Investigation and experimenting and Is very successful. The kill of prairie dogs is generally from 85 to 95 per cent by the use of poisoned oats. They followed up the work by using poisoned rolled barley and later by using fumigants, such as bisulphide of carbon, with which, if carefully and thoroughly' used, a good start has been made. The biological survey had arrangements in several states for Typewriters range-destroyin- g range-destroyin- g All makes Rented, Repaired, Sold Write for prices $7.50 to $10O. Utah Office and School Supply 32 exterminating rodents and predatory wild animals, and In every case the results are much more satisfactory and less expensive than under the bounty system. I have before me now a partial report made by the men in charge of this work In the southwestern part of the country through the council of defense of the state of New Mexico. In the spring of 1918 the governor of the state authorized the uss oi the fund known in our state e war fund, and under an agree-:n- t covering the plan for the work as executed. Under this agreement $10,000 of this amount. In conjunction with an equal amount by the department of agriculture, was set aside and applied in reducing losses In live stock due to predatory wild animals, an increased force of hunters was placed in the field, trapping was resorted to by this experiment; the results have been very satisfactory. State hunters have a total of 1,972 days, at a cost of $5,741.44. They have taken 642 coyotes, 124 bob cats, 14 gray wolves, 5 predatory bears, Including 3 grizzlies. The average cost of animals in June was $88.87 ; In July, $8.53; August, $5.93. The government operations in the state during the same In periods cost $9,225.70, and resulted 77 bob 417 cats, of coyotes, the killing 41 gray wolves, 13 mountain lions, 2 bears. No reasonable estimate of damage inflicted by predatory animals that has been advanced can show anything other than the return on this Investment of a very high rate of Interest. The estimate generally accepted and it is conservative, Indeed, in view of the present high value of live stock Is that each gray wolf destroys annually $1,000 worth of live stock ; each mountain lion, $500; each coyote and bob cat, $50 worth; predatory bears with may be rated in the same class On this basis the saving repwolves. work is resented in this exnearly nine times the amount of that observe will Thus you penditure. the estimated saving to the people of the nation, you might state, Is $131,500, at a cost of about $20,000. While the facts presented by the New Mexican representative are not clearly arranged, they afford a glimpse of the situation that prevails pretty much all over the far West, and the whole nation Is Interested, too, as Mr. Fernandez said in closing; We are all Interested in that industry. We send our wool 20,000,000 or 25.000,000 pounds to the cities of Philadelphia and Boston, so that those merchants can have that product, which will increase the employment of their people. We send our meat to the packing houses. All the American There people are interested in that $25,-Lfro- m the people did not Couldnt Hurt That Toad i There are many surprising stories about toads, observes Philip Hale, editor of the As the World Wags column in Boston Herald. Here is one of them, taken from a book containing the names and crimes of people in Northumberland, England. In 1793 a stone mason, Mr. George Wilson, wantonly immured a toad in a wall he was building, making for the toad a close care how many animals were destroyed by predatory beasts, because meat was plentiful. But since meat has become HFI P WAITFd If you want big wages Ieara L barber trade- Many Bmall all the way from $10 to $15, instead of need barbera: good opportuneaes open from $1.50 to $2.50, we urge that the towns for men over drafts ge. Barbers In army have Get prepared good aa officers commission. department give us experts in in few weeks. Call or write. Moler Barber with our own activities for the College, 43 8. West Temple St., Salt Lake City. extermination of these pests. It Is true that predatory wild ani- SKILLFUL IN USE OF POISON mals, like the mountain lion and wolf, are expensive. The biological survey Is emphatic In its statement that the South African Bushmen Had Weapon Which in Other Hands Might average gray wolf kills $1,000 worth Have Been Invincible. of live stock a year, and a mountain lion $500 worth. The coyote, which is The bushmen, Africas pygmies of the smaller prairie wolf, rivals his big the South, who succumbed so quickly cousin in destruction. The biological survey claims to have reduced the wolf to civilization, are becoming rarer every day. Famine, wars and the white population of New Mexico by 260 Inmans encroachments have killed off dividuals In three years. thousands. Incidentally, naturalists and sportsThe one great achievement of these men will be Interested In the statement by the biological survey that In children of the woods is their skillful the Pecos mountain region bears have use of poisons. In the hands of a more been very destructive. The survey subtle people the poisoned arrow might have been an invincible weapon, but uses these words: for the bushman it only delayed InevDuring the recent grazing season bears killed approximately 125 head of itable defeat. The bushmans arrow is a toy of valuable cattle In the Pecos region. Similar damage in the Black range and light reed until he turns It into a certain death dealer by covering the in the Mogollon mountain makes it evident that a total of at least 250 head tip with one of his favorite poisons. of cattle as well as a large number of A certain caterpillar of the jungle, the sheep were killed by bears. These facts most venomous snakes and spiders, are worthy of consideration, in view poisonous roots and leaves ail yield of the general and concerted efforts their power to kill to the use of these now under way on the part of sportsnatives. men to enact legislation tfcur will preSpecial men of the tribe prepare the vent trapping of bears or hunting them poisons for their purpose, usually heatwith the aid of dogs." ing them in a dish befoee dipping the Naturalists and big game huntea dart into them. While waiting for their hold that bears seldom kill big game poisonous brew to cook, the poison or stock, and that when individual dance about the fire in exciteg bears get the habit it is ment at the coming hunt or combat e an acquired taste. hunters Skulking in breathless silence upon an holding these views have been active Imaginary enemy, they suddenly leap In promoting state legislation for the up and discharge the fatal arrows, protection of grizzly and black bears, after which they shift easily to the which otherwise are doomed to speedy part of the victim, and writhe and extermination except in the national howl with all the agony of the hunted. parks, which are wild life sanctuaries. Exhaustion and the completion of the Th) warfare against prairie dogs, poison put an end to this vivid rechipmunks and other rodents is less hearsal. exciting, but there Is much more Old Publications. money at stake. In New Mexico in An odd bit of the past turns up In four summer months work In exterminating prairie dogs a list of old publications soon to be sold at auction, namely, to give It its was conducted over 652,000 acres of inA title. Sermon fested land, 3,403 landowners assisting full, Imposing l, in the Presin the work. An average of over 90 Preached at ence of Many Honorable and Worshippet cent of the prairie dogs was killed. On the untreated land the total ful, the Adventurers and Planters for loss of the crop, or at least a 50 Virginia, and Published for the Benper cent loss, often occurred as a re efit and Use of the Colony, Planted, infestation. It is and to bee Planted there and for the suit of praii'ie-do- g estimated that the crop saving effected Advancement of their Christian Purcontrol amounts to ap- pose." The Rev. William Symonds by prairie-dopreached that sermon, notes tiie Chrisproximately $500,000. tian Science Monitor, and described Multiply this by a dozen or more the number of states doing the same Virginia as a land with the fruitfulkind of work and the size of the Job ness whereof England, our mlstresse, cannot compare, no, not when she Is is apparent. in her greatest pride. Yet lie A new angle to the situation is the preached to rather a sorry congregation, says recent public announcement that praihistory, largely composed of Immiand that varirie dogs are ous towns in the infested areas are go- grants who had failed at home through bad habits little calculated to help ing to put them on the bill of fare. In a new country. n"r aitg orTZDsziarrs Mme when 2nd South, Salt Lake City, Utah Delicate Anemone. Anemone means windflower, and is so called because it is so delicately poised that it sways with the lightest motion of the atmosphere. CCrrozrzjrA.ZRAP p W. cell of lime and stone, to fit it snugly, and plastering to prevent the admission of air. Sixteen years afterward a gap was made in the wall so that carts could pass through. The toad was found alive. Torpid at first, it was soon active, so that it made its way to a pile of stones and disapNorthpeared. There were cruel men In Anderson Thomas Mr. umberland. - rs stock-killin- Big-gam- White-Chape- g good-eatin- was punished in 1681 for ptaying on a bagpipe before a bridegroom on a SunAmong the women, Elizabeth day. Mills was brought into court for scolding and drying fish on the Lords day No Wife for Him. This coat was made by some sentimental girl. I found a gushing not in one of the pockets. Did you write to the writer? "Not I. The coat was poorly mad and the buttons not half sewed on. Louisville Courier-Journa- l. i When Tobacco Was Taboo. In 1638 the Massachusetts general court ordered, a writer comments, that no man shall take any tobacco within 20 poles of any house, o- - so near as may endanger the same. In 1798 an act was passed feb'dding the carrying of fire through the streets except in a covered vessel, smoking, or having in ones possession any lighted pipe or segar in the streets or on the wharves. The penalty was $2. If the offender was in a ropewalk, the penalty was from $5 to $100. This prohibition of 1798 was not repealed until 1880.