|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
THE HELPER TIMES, HELPER. UTAH illJl ESLiv H IN HUMAN I uuu flljj, By HARRY hx:-::-hxx-::-::-x- WNU WHILE wear i ora suit - v.- ... 're dull t'ou can peilsiy, OW t's .j ft Is 8 - Viiumi VMH"11 : iYears i will f y 4HrJt,J yy cf-tl- frh c4 U x chfye4 frOfU. 4AW in. after Lincoln died, Thorp, who v i jwas the painter of four Presidents, .'studied the existing pictures of Lin- 'coin, but found none so true to life X&Z as his penciled sketch. With his vivid f memory of the President as he had I known him In 1861 he painted the lyand ! above portrait. iron, I them or 'bo 'II ittljat By ELMO SCOTT WATSON BR AH AM LINCOLN f es no i lister 1 Is the most written-abou- t American, not even excepting the immortal George Wash ington. Although more than sixty years have elapsed since he passed from the stage of his 1 tory, through all these years there has been no let-uin the number of books, j magazine and newspaper articles and stray bits of information which have I been presented to a public, apparently always eager for more light upon the personality and career of this simple Illinois backwoodsman who rose to a In fact position of world Importance. the mass of new Information about Lincoln seems to grow Instead of diminish as time passes and, if 1026 is aify criterion, the year 1927 will see an even greater amount of LInenlniana added to our national history. In the past few years iconoclasts have been busy turning the searchlight upon the lives of our great with the professed desire to "tell the whole truth". about them, including those "truths" which will show that they were much less great than popular opinion has believed them to have been. Through nil this the great figure of Lincoln has stood virtually untouched, the stature of his greatness undiminished. Apparently any new "truths" about him which may be revealed by the historians can- .. K'n 1 ii t il l.i In nnt nlfliii. 111 .lii. LIHTI. Ill: . v I uvi v.uaii,c of history upon him. Least of I all can they change the love for him J of the common people, whom, as he once said, "the Lord must love, be-- j cause he made so many of them. Th accessories to the Lincolniana of l!i(5 proved again that the amount of new material, in the sense that it Is not widely known, about lilm Is seemingly Inexhaustible. Outstanding among them, perhaps, were Carl Sand-- j e burg's study of "Abraham Lincoln : the Prairie Years," and the publication of the further researches of the indefatigable Rev. Will'am K. "Life of Barton, whose Abraham Lincoln" of 1!25 was his third Important contribution to fresh biographical material. Incidentally, It might be added that one b.'bliography of Lincoln material lists some 2.0S0 books and pamphlets! which Is Sandburg's biography, wholly devoted to showing Lincoln In his times before he went to the White House, Is perhaps as "understanding" a one as has ever been written, be-- , cause, as another nnn of their t"pe, the late Stuart Sherman, In writing a review of Sandburg's work, pointed out, "they are good companions, the two of them, and mutually Illuminatboth, plu'n peop!. ing Illlnoisans admirable story tellers, rationalists, .TefTersonlan Democrats both, both Lincoln Christians perhaps the onip!etest specimen that j has appeared In the Western hemis phere, and both poets withal, made melancholy nt times and gentle-hearteby asking themselves what folk remember 'in the dust. In the tombs.' " Tut It Is to Rev. W. V.. Barton thnt Americans are most indebted fir clearing tip many myiteries about Lincoln. Barton Is n historian who has Bought to "tell the truth" about Lincoln, but he is no Iconoclast. He has dispelled legends which have grown up in the amazingly short time of half a century, but the Lincoln which he undoubtedly p CO.N-Col- a.i, r.iy lie. it 8. 1 11 1 1 11 5 :rr en 'il i.d (Ml In In d- - Ih two-voium- two-volu- d a ,' - S i 'l-S"- J e McV ap- 1J lrv, X genius that later established lr the incomparable propagandist, f depicts Is none the less admirable nor lovable. If anything, he is more so of both and Barton's Lincoln demonstrates all the more clearly that Lincoln needs no myths or legends to enhance his fame. the Among many interesting ! boy. niorta'Iy wounded hi battle later, dellveiiirr a long oration to his comrades, uttering a prayer for Abraham Lincoln- - and sending a dying message to the President. The only ih'ng the matter with the stoiy, says Barton, Is that it Is all WHMam S''ott of Company K wrong. of the Third Vermont, who bad been detailed ns one 'of three soldiers guarding the chain bridge over the Potomac, was found sle ping mi bi.s on the night of August ..(, I8:;i. He was and seiilem-eto he shot Monday morning, September 9. The sinience, however, was a bluff and Intended by llrig. Gen. William V. Smith, commander of the brigade, to "throw n scare" Into the brigi.de and court-umrtlalo- d the form of inntiastlrlsm. lie meant well, however, for he said: "We ou-'- it to do onr part, and take care of our St. Bernard. St. Francis and Savon-urolbodies; but when we are templed, abarc s;dd to have injured their stinence is a hundred times worse health by fasting than eating and drinking." Sciemific and other nicotic practices, while Monthly. Martin Luther, after starving himself In the Not for Father nioiiaMory to the point of This story of a gh'l and n pipe Is emanation, went, after his break with Home, to the opposite extreme and told ln a downtown cigar store: suffered the consequences of hiyh lv-In"I wi-to hiiv a pine," she said to He drank .vine, as he put it, "to the young woman behind the cigar bplte the devil." that Is, the devil in store counter- - "for toy father." Extremes of Zeal a li v :y Discouraged by the continued rise young I'ompcy, who had just honors through his military prowess, the patrician, Caesar, had departed from Home to study oratorl-cii- l style at Rhodes. It was on this voyage that he fell into the hands of t:4 pirates who held him for 50 days, releasing him when his slave, Epicrates, from returned Asia with money. Alive to the effect that story would create In Rome, Caesar hastened to write borne his own version of It. This account was extremely romantic. Caesar described his captivity Russian School as a gr-a- t lark. For 40 days and nights, he wrote, he lived among his (Prepared by the National X.Olographic C.l Society. Washington. captors like a pHnce surrounded by of the noticed ITTLE has been slaves, playing games with- them and yr I real test which Is going on In- which them lust to IU poems, reciting side Soviet Russia In recent affected them marvelously. Repeatedyears because the clamor of ly he threatened them with death by and proclamations has filled hanging If they ever restored him to theory ears of the world. Theories have the liberty. Life under the black flag was the merriest kind extant, he assured been meeting Individualism which Is so universal In humanity, unwritten rules his friends. After his release, Caesar reverted of life and trade which have developed the ages, and world laws to his character of upholder of the through which centuries have formulated for Unman laws and dignity and manned nations. a ship, pursued the pirates and actualRussia Is the world's largest counly criclfied several of them. stretching across two continents, try, How much of Caesar's account was when and theory and practice reach a true- - is a doubtful question, but certhe test of a new system of balance, was which tainly it served its purpose, will have world-widefto prevent laughter at his expense In government fect. Roman society. He emerged from the Politically, It Is divided Into six conadventure with his public character stituent republics; they In turn comundamaged. Four years later he was 83 autonomous units, each difprise back In Rome, exercising his talents ethnologically and culturally. as a politician entertaining the poor fering Most of them have their own lanIn his home, patronizing financiers their own customs and cosand preparing for his climb from of- guage, and the babel of tongues fice to office until he should reach the tumes, even from the tribes place of army idol and dictator, the who are as greater for too backward yet greatest figure In all the annals of Rome. Cities and villages string along the railroads and rivers over all that vast Lincoln's Lucky Purchase territory. As one rides over the Siseem unpurchase of a barrel that he berian steppes the plains 'TpHE x did not neeu and aid not want ending. Then a peasant's cart Is seen marked a significant turning point in In the distance, the Invariable dog Soon appear other trotting behind. the life of Abraham Lincoln. One day while Lincoln was still en- carts, all going in the same direction. Then a Tillage of log houses, with gaged In the humdrum business of a public building and a deperhaps in a a New HI., store Salem, running brick house, alaristocrat's traveler bound west In a covered wag- parted on, stopped and offered to sell him a ways painted white, and the church, with its five Turkish-shapebarrel for half a dollar. Lincoln had towers, the large one ,ln the no occasion for the barrel but his Christ and tfie smaller ones for center Influenced and kindliness nature good on the corners for the four Gospels. him to agree. When he came to empty . rubhage The train vanishes again over the unending plains, varied only by stretches out of the barrel, the young storekeepof forest or hills, which seem to come er found a treasure at the bottom Blackstone's "Commentaries on the and go as suddenly as the villages. Moscow a Huge Village. Laws of England" and other hooks. The elation of a youth who had freMoscow, metropolis and capital of quently trudged miles through the Russia, Is the largest village In the woods to borrow a book any kind of world. Moscow has Its trolley enrs, a book may well be Imagined when electric lights, tnll buildings, theaters, the one book above all others that stores, motor busses, and other outhe desired was thus miraculously ward metropolitan manifestations, but dropped Into his hands. at heart It Is a village. Leningrad, Lincoln had considered studying Odessa, and even some of the cities law. The course had been suggested of the Interior have nn appearance to him by his friend. Squire Bowling and an atmosphere of western Europe ; Green, and the father of Ann Rut Moscow Is the heart of Russia and It ledge bad praised his gifts as a public changes slowly. Its brick and stone ore a mosaic of speaker. Now he took up the study seriously. Less than two years later, the Russian spirit stolid, unsmiling, was unpolished, and slow to change. Kven Lincoln, at the age of twenty-five- , a member of the Illinois legislature, tire unpalnted log houses of the peassitting at Vandalla. That was In ant villages seem to reflect age and 183-1In 1S.'I7 he moved to Springfield durability. to become the law partner of .1. T. Moscow Is sprinkled with what Is Stuart. When Stuart was elected to new, but everywhere It speaks of age, Congress, Lincoln bandied the law from the weathen beaten walls of the business and also looked after the Inner City to battlemented monas- political fences of his distinguished tarles on the outskirts. Broad thorpreceptor. Blackstone's learned dis- oughfares radiate from Its center, but cussions now assumed new meaning. around each corner the streets are Applying himself to the study of men narrow with sidewalks no wider than and events as well as books, the young footpaths. lawyer launched into the politics of Fires have wiped It nway. Invaders, the West to prepare himself for the from Tatars to Napoleon, have mighty task fate had In store for his It. governments have come and future. The contents of the old bar- gone, but Moscow, stubborn and dull, rel had pointed unerringly toward his has persisted. It symbolises Russia. destiny. It Is only n step from Moscow, overcrowded and teeming with Its Thos Who Lift peoples of many races, with rules for veiv movement and police to 'en- There are foiiic men and some women in whose company we are always force them, Into the wild, wide-opeat our best. While with them wt spikes. Wolves ami hears still roam cannot think mean thoughts or speak In the Moscow district, and when the sit 2 o'clock In ungenerous words. Their mere pres- dull winter du- k ence Is elevation, purification, sanc- '' the afternoon and the country Is under tity. Ail the best stops in our nature Its white mantle of snow, hunger nre drawn out by their Intercourse, drives them to prey on mankind. In daylight hnr n constant human mid we find a tnus'lo In onr souls th:it wus never there before. Henry Pruni-tiiotiMrcfim .loslles through the towered In "The 'Alchemy of Influence.' Iberian gate In Moscow in the wall between Iho Red Square and the Place ' of the Revolution outside the Kitnl Oo-- i Warm Weather Healthful Men 111 sheep-- ! Medical reports point out the f.tcl rod (Fortified City). leadior outside tin skill greasy con's, that the most healthful time of the land li e fur Inside: clerks In glossy yenr in northern countries is that leather with heaver ; olllchds jackets portion of summer that most nearly tinder their nrms; cases brief collars, npjii oxitiuites the climate of the women In felt boots; girls In slippers, tiopics. Stinu:i( r extremes of heat arc with bundles, babies, find carts, were said to he greater In the northern this summers than along the equator and tramping through the nhtsli. for a was winter evening, a day Ibe extremes of teinpi' i uiv Rctwecn-th- e gates In the center of ( Xeeed In Ihll-opthe elitiilt of ii Is a shrine find Inside the rend the litire year in tie tropics. wall a rlnrch. The faithful pause and .. - 1 revela- tions made by this biographer are those about the five sons of Mrs. Lya.a Blxby, who were the inspiration for the famous Bixby Letter which was delivered to the Boston mother on Thanksgiving day, 1864, with a Thanksgiving dinner and a considerable sum of money. The inspiration for this letter was a statement from the War department to President Lincoln that Mrs. Bixby was the mother of five sons, four of whom were killed in battle and the fifth died of wounds. The facts which Barton has brought to light are these: Two sons, Charles N. Bixby and Oliver C. Bixby, were killed in battle, the former at Fredericksburg and the latter In the Crater fight before Petersburg. But they were the only Bixby sons who were killed in action. Another son, Henry C. Bixby, was captured at the battle of Gettysburg but was paroled in 1804, returned to his borne, discharged from service and lived until 1871. Edward Bixby, a boy of eighteen, who was supposed to have died of wounds, grew,, homesick and deserted to the enemy In 1SC2. After the war be changed his occupation, became a sailor and Is known to have been living-- wifli his mother in 1871. He died In Chicago in 1909. George Way Bixby, supposed to have been killed at Petersburg, was captured by Jhe Confederates there and a fellow prisoner who returned to Boston reported that he had deserted to the enemy, but later records state that he died in prison. Although be is known to have been living as late as March, 18(V, his final fate t unknown. So of the "five sons who died gloriously In t'ie field of battle," as Lincoln wrote to their mother, only two actually did die thus, one was a known deserter and another may have been But for all that Lincoln's letter was written under a misapprehension and for all that the Bixby sons may not have been deserving of all the honor It gave them, the fact remains that this letter still stands as a classic of Knglisii prose and, as Barton has said, the facts In the case run "detract nothing from the nob'e and sympathetic spirit of Abraham Lincoln." The latest Lincoln legend that Mr. Barton has dispelled Is In regard to the sleeping sentinel, sentenced to be shot, whom L'ncoin is said to have pardoned. The ttorv hook version of the affair has Lincoln riding out at dawn to stop i lie execution, sitting down in a tent with the boy. looking at II? photograph of the young soldier's widowed mother and hearing the biy's grateful offer l mortgage the old farm and repay the President for saving his life. Then it lias the W e impress upon these volunteers stern necessities of military life. the The bluff worked and a petition, signed by the most of the regiment and begging clemency for Scott, was presented to the brigude commander. Upon General Smith's recommendation General McClellan Issued a pardon. Lincoln had little of nothing: to do with .the case. It is true that lie was concerned about the case and "simply ns a matter of form" made the request to McClellan that Scott's life be spared. He let the fact of bis request be known to impress upon the soldiers the seriousness of Scott's offense, for when the pardon was read before the regiment, the warning was uttered that renothing short of the President's quest had saved this soldier and that the President was not likely to do it again. Nor did the dramatic tent scene take place. The "widowed mother"' did not exist. Both of Scott's parents were living at the time. Part of the story about Scott's later career Is truethat part which tells of his death. lie was mortally wounded at the battle of Ie's Mill April 10, ISffl, and died the next day. But he did not deliver a r oration nor a nrayer for the President. The surgeon who attended him has stated that he was In a comatose condition to the moment of his death. Although Lincoln was not directly responsible for saving the life of this sleeping sentinel, there was a similar case later in the war In which he did exercise this clemency.. In January, 1804, Henry C. Fuller of Company C, One Hundred and Eighteenth N'ew York volunteers, was sentenced to he shot for falling asleep at his post. One of his comrades, Itowland ('.. Kellogg, happened to be writing to his father, Congressman Orlando KelloK of New York, at the lime, and in n postscript to his letter told of Hie sentence thai had been passed upon his friend Orlando Kellogg had first "Hank." known Lincoln when but h were in con-l'ss in the '40s, ami dating: the Civil war they had renewed their acqaaint-- i nee and become fust friends. Immediately upoii receipt of the letter, Congressman Kellogg went to t lie White House, even Ihotigh It was lute at night, to plead for Fuller's life. Ac cording to the story, he told the President that "the hoys of the One Bundled and Eighteenth didn't at to whi-tbe shot that way." Lincoln decided to save Fuller's life and Issued the necessary papers which were carried back to camp y Chaplain Charles L. Ilagar, who had brought young letter (o the eiiiigressin.in. Tin chaplain arrived Jmt In time to pre vent the execution. four-pag- e - She chose a piii' of "leolcii in" sail-fle- wnt and ti'.iit her a type hvv f;iti.-- !dre:i!y iy r uptiiii'-intl- would like It. Later on, whin a yonr; n;'ti hud taken the place of the gill behind the counter, the fair custom r returned with the pipe. "What's the antler? IMdn't ynnr fuller like It?" the youth 'pierled. "1 didn't got it for my stir replied. "And I h It v i ll i watgh. but the darn d Ihiii:' won't tw." Pittsburgh Post. i V i 's of the won o. fi -- V tal. The above little-know- n portrait of Lincoln Is from a 6ketch jnade by 'Freeman Thorp In 1861 and shows Lincoln at the age of fifty-twThis Is Isaid to be the only portrait of the war fre-)- t. Julius Calus still skirting the turned the event Into political capi and 'opedla di feces. Or was This Ignominious mishap f the him as JJ 1 -- sJ$ Misfortune the young peared certain to cause such amusement in Rome as to blast tils suhse-luecareer, but Caesar, with a flash 4 faslilon kind som. r v ....a. . Service in to distinction, he had the to be captured by Mediterranean pirates who held him to ran- gin MM MM iv R. CALKINS of Roman politics, seeking edges means four can -- MMMMMM -::: Advantage L'P I DESTINY i 7h4 t& QUEER QUIRKS ever-prese- d n i j I ' j j '. j j - fM if Girls cf 'I otity. make the sign of the cross as they Others enter. Patriarchal, pass. bearded beggars, hands outstretched, stuud at the doors. Beggars and Robber Gangs. Begging Is a lucrative profession In Moscow except for the few days of Beggars sporadic police round-ups- . are of all types and both sexes, rrom Infants who toddle underfoot while nn older head directs them from the sidelines, to husky rascals faithful to a vow of "I won't work." Differing from the whining beggars are the 200,000 to 300,000 homeless children, puriahs of the social order, from sleeping In ragged, sooty-facethe embers of street repair gangs' furnaces, dirty, diseased, and desperate. They run In packs. A gang straggles through the gate, hugging the curb, eyes alert, the world a potential enemy, Its plan of action decided. The leader grabs a woman's handbag, a man's fur cap, and overturns an unwary peddler's basket of apples. The basket Is picked clean, and with wild screams the gang Is gone, scattering through the streets, policemen and pedestrians In vain pursuit. In several cities homes are maintained by the government for these young vagabonds heritage of war and but augmented revolution, every month by wanderlust with baths, clean cots, clothes, food, and a caretaker to give them instruction and advice. Personal libe'ty goes amiss with this social group, too young to civic responsibility even If they had been taught It Police and social workers periodically round up the wild, untamed children and put them In the homes. the The crowds elbow through brick gates, In and out of the Red Square, between a gauntlet of venders. Baskets and clumsy little wagons are on the curb ; also flabby, brown, frozen apples for a cent and fat ones, carefully sheltered under blankets, for 40 cents; stands of cigarettes, each with one and a quarter inches of tobacco and three Inches of paper mouthpiece; oranges for 70 cents; cheeses, cut and weighed while you wait; candles collecting dust; dried sunflower seeds, two cents a glassful. Phases of the Social Movement. The goal whicli Soviet Russia has set Is to Industrialize the country until It can supply Its domestic needs. It will then be independent of the outside world. The United States Is taken as a model, not the countries of Europe, which have developed Industry by colonies and foreign trade. Until that goal Is reached, or abandoned, no wars of Russia's making need be and whlte-pninte- d ticipated. The social movement in Russia may be divided Into three phases: First, to arouse the workers to a revolution; second, to Instill the Idea In their minds that they were the rulers of the country; third, to Impress ttem that they must produce. The third stage "has now been reached. More and more emphasis Is laid on the fact that the worker must produce results and devote less time to theorizing and talking. Stalin recently In one of his rare speeches declared too much time was given to celebrations, meetings, and anniversaries. As practical illustration he cited that the marketing of the grain was costing 13 kopecks a po:d when It should cost S. When summer comes, the face of nature changes like the spirits of the volatile people. Paylight, which faded Into the winter gloom at 2 o'clock, tints the cloudless skies until 10 at nlnht. tHisty roads which were lost under the drifting snows are stirred by trnvelers, nature smiles, and the lonesome stretches where the wolf nicks howled are green and nourishing. The queues which shivered In front of the hathhonKcs"the neatness of Moscow citizens Is characterized by eight or nine washing parties n year,'' says the economics depnrtmon? are gone and every watercourse Is lined with bathers In the garb of Adam and Eve.