|Paper||Rich County News|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Rich County News|
THE RICH COUNTY NEWS, RANDOLPH. UTAH will exert themselves tt save the historic places In the village from the decay, that more than threatens. Incident of Forty Year Ago. Once the' Frenchmen and the Germans came to Virglniq shores in their GIFTS for anniversaries, weddings, birthdays the latest and always dependably good great ships and there was trouble. Our reasonable prices ease the way. It was at Yorktown forty years ago next October that the Frenchmen and Germans quarreled first with the American authorities and then with each JEWELERS other. It was the Americans fault, BOYD PARK BLDG MM MAIN STREET but first In the instance, probably, they cctuiuitted the offense unwittingly and made amends when they could. The trouble was that in making amends they patched up the German pride while wounding that of the French still more sorely. The Germans were Invited to taker a hand in the celebration of the centeo-nia- l of tbe surrender of Cornwallis because of the part Baron Steuben bore in the struggle of the Americans for tbeir liberties. There were no Germans, so far as Is known, at the battle of Yorktown, where tlie Frentb bore a heroic part In the fight; nevertheless, at the instance of Horatio Seymour of New Yrk, the German nation was given a principal share In the commemoration exercises in tbe. If village and harbor of Yorktown. ENGRAYED WEDDING STATIONERY Horatio Seymour were Uving today Announcements Invitations Calling Curds. Your printer is our representative And has be probably would be sorry that complete samples and prices Interfered In behalf of the Germans at Jennie Engraving Co. that celebration. are In Yorktown Here and there When You Think FORD Think substantial old dwelling of the colo nial period. They will outlast rain buildings of a later day for they were founded on the rock of honest UrAHS OLDEST ff&fkL DEALERS construction. One old place has towW. 412 SOUTH- - WAS. 560 269. oi rest the with ering chimneys that, nHBMHBsnaamMHM y LAKE SALT look, the house, have a CITY, UTAH but dissolution is not in sight because CLEANERS A DYERS. ' Servlet tlie builders builded well. This is the Quality. Cloches Work guaranteed. We pay Thomas Nelson house, and for a time return insured. Price list on. request postage. Cornwallis made it his headquarters, Myers Cleaners A Dyers. 114 E. Broadway. a fact which came to the knowledge .MONUMENTS. Write for catalog. Standard of the owner, who was with Washing- 'Marble ft Granite Co., 117 W. Broadway.. ton in the ranks of the besiegers. For a real good place to eat. follow the crowds to ican people FDR NEXT FIT ML U IM&S - START NATIONAL COMMITTEES WORK FOR CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS OF 1922. L J. ADAMS, G. 0. P. LEADER and George White, Who Is the Democratic Chief, Have More Responsibility Than the Chairmen Had in Former Years. He BOYD PARK 3. , . By EDWARD B. CLARK. The members of the Washington. Republican national committee have met In Washington and have elected a hew leader, who formerly was the vice chairman of the committee, John T, Adams of Iowa. Several of the members of the Democratic, national committee were In Washington during the meeting of the rivai brotherhood. The Democrats liave for tlieir committee a near new leader' in George White, who has been in office less than a year. The first prize to be won is that of the congressional elections one year The two sets from next November. of contestants promise to press forward in the race. In one way things favor the Democratic entrants, because they can lose and yet win. No politician or any party here believes that h the Republican majority in the congress will be as big as the Republican majority in the congress, now doing business at the old stand on Capitol hill. John T. Adams probably has no Illie kuows well lusions or delusions, enough that if there l'i a decreased Republican majority as. a result of die elections seventeen months hence, the Col. Nelson Shelled His Own House. Colonel .Nelson wenf to the comunthinking will say it-- new chairman has not made good, when as a matter mander in chief and told him that tbe British general was In his bouse, and of fact he may have made everlastingIf Adams succeeds, with that if the guns could be brought to ly good. the aid of tbe congressional campaign bear with the residence as a mark committee of his party, in preventing Cornwallis might be crushed under the the cutting of the Republican majori- falling walls if there was a good heavy he will have gun marksman in the American army. ty by more than won a big victory. Things were ab- They tell you today in Yorktown that Colonel Nelson told his chief that he normal politically last fall. would sacrifice fifty homesteads If he Chairmen. Mora Work for the The responsibility of a national Com- owned them to put Cornwallis on the mittee chairman, Republican or Dem- hospital list. The American fired away ocratic, has been increased materially at the walls of gunners the Nelson house and within the past few years. He Is held accountable now to a great ex- hit them three or four times. Cornwas there, but it did not take tent, almost to the- fullest extent, for wallis him long to learn the drift of the victory or defeat iu the congressional elections Some years ago, in the shooting, and he took refuge In a cave under a parapet of brick work Republican jarty certainly, the conand sand, and there he lay safely. gressional committee largely had to conduct the campaigns for the elec- Knowledge of the change of headquarters came to' Washington and the tion of representatives, and was comcannon mouths of the old smooth-bor- e pelled to take the blame for defeat were turned away from the Nelson If it came. Now the congressional committees residence, which today bears the marks and tbe senatorial commit- of tlie firing. Victory Memorial Building. tees of both parties which are Charged with the 'work of electing senators? i Constant inquiries are coming to addressed generally to Washington, work with and- really under the direction of the chairmen of the national members-o- f congress, concerning the committees, although perhaps the di- real purpose of the George Washingrect leadership of the greater chair- ton memorial building, also to be Memorial men Is not openly acknowledged. So known, as tlie Victory far as one can determine, the con- building, which is to be erected here gressional committees In the last cam- at a cost of several millions of dolSixty-eight- time-wear- Sixfy-sev-ent- h HE supply of buttou-hole- s this country will never exceed the supply of buttons if Uncle Sam can prevent it. The government has never taken a in census of button-hole- s the United States, but federal enumerators in the last census discovered that the value of all buttons produced in this country In a single year Is more- than This represents several billions of buttons. The fresh-watmussel, the lowly clam of the old swimming hole, Is the largest single source of buttons In this country. Something like 75,000 tons of clam Bhells are used annually In the manufacture of more than 50,000,000 gross of pearl buttons which, at present prices, are valued at more than $15,000,000. In addition to buttons, the mussel shells are also used In the manufacture of novelties, jewelry, chicken feed, road materials and composition marble. Several years ago the bureau of fisheries discovered that the great clam beds which are the source of the best buttons were being rapidly exhausted. Investigation showed that nature In her propagation and growth of pearl button material wit wasteful. It was also found that natural propagation of mussels could be Improved and controlled artificially and means were taken to restock the dam beds. In this scheme fish are a jmoeeefiiT adjunct." clams have Just When fresh-watstarted their development they must become parasitic upon fish If they are to reach maturity. Almost as soon as they are hatched the baby clams attach themselves to the gills of fish. Here they cling for the next week or two. When they have developed to shift for themselves, they detach themselves and drop to the bed of the river. If undisturbed there, they become full grown at the end of " five years. The trouble with this natural process of development Is that the great majority of tiny clams do not find fish to which they may attach themselves, and they die In their infancy. Experts of the bureau of fishery then conceived the Idea of artificially Infecting the fish with the parasites, and Immediately the problem was solved. Under this artificial treatment a fish can carry a thousand or more embryo mussels In Its gills, whereas .under natural conditions it may become hdst to . only a dozen or so. mussel-yieldin- g The principal streams are found In the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, Indiana, Ohio, Tennessee, Kentucky and Alabama, the Mississippi river producing the largest number of shells. The mussel fishery Is a permanent and important industry, and in scarcely any locality where a shell fishery was once established has It ever been entirely abandoned. The extent of the fishery In any locality may vary from year to year, however, as it Is subject to a variety of influences, such as the demand for shells of certain qualities, the stages of the river, the condition of the local Industry, and the degree of exhaustion of the material. The method of mussel fishery most generally In use today is with the bar and crowfoot hooks. The in 0. er suffl-cient- ly . i method Is based on the characteristic habits of the fresh-wate- r mussels, which He habitually half Imbedded in the bottom of a stream, with the hinder end of the shell directed against the current and slightly gaping. If a Stick or book be Inserted Into the opening of the shell, the mussel at once closes tightly and will hold for a long time, even while being dragged, over the bottom and hauled up to the bo&t. The more elaborate apparatus now used was first brought to the notice of the river men of the upper Mississippi in 1897. The crowfoot apparatus consists essentially of a bar to which many d short lines, bearing wire books, are arranged at Intervals. By means of a towing line the bar Is dragged above the bottom, while the hooks trail on the mussel bed with the current. When a hook enters a shell opening, the mussel closes upon the hook, and In consequence I dragged from the bottom. When ttye bar Is raised after a suitable time, numerous mussels may be hanging from the hooks. It is usual to equip barges with a number of these bars so that the bed of a stream may be dragged thoroughly. The most satisfactory boat has been found to be the ordinary John boat. Its length is from 14 to 20 feet, with a width at the center of from 3 to 5 feet, but It always has narrower ends, and is usually of light draft. For work on a much larger scale, heavy barges, approximately 10 by 40 feet, four-pronge- are used. After the mussels are brought ashore the soft parts must be removed. Where pearling Is the exclusive object, each mussel may be opened with a knife Inserted between the valves of the shells, so ns to sever the adductor muscles; the meat Is then cut out and examined for pearls. Such a process, however, Is entirely too slow and tedious for preparing shells for market, so the cooking-ou- t process is exclusively employed In the shell fishery. The mussels are cooked In a vat 5 feet long by . 2 feet .wide and from 12 to 18 inches deep. This usually takes about a half hour. After reaching the button factory the shells are first soaked in tanks or vats for a week or more. The soaking process is Intended to softeD the material, which would otherwise be too bard on the saws, as well as so brittle as to chip and yield blanks with rough edges. The machine used in cutting is essentially a lathe fitted with a tubular saw of the necessary diameter to obtain the required size of button, and a wooden plug and a ratchet handle or lever for gradually forcing the rough shell against the rapidly rotating saw. The shell Is held In position either by prongs or by the hand protected with a mitten. Successive blanks as they are cut are crowded through the tubular saw to fall Into a receptacle below. The sizes of the buttons are determined by the Inner diameter of the and draw the knife along the brass Do not attempt to cut through edge. the cardboard the first time, hui mereCardboard Is used for so many pur- ly score It deeply. Now .remove the poses that it Ik well, to know how to ruler and cut through the Incision. Never-usscisTlie'reeull will be as clean a eul edge cut straight edges. sors for the purpose, because that as a picture dealer can make on his makes ragged edges. First lay a ItlUtS; brass-edgeruler on the cardboard Flowers Not for Sick Room. with brass edge upward. As the ruler All flowers grown are Is beveled, the brass will be a fraction of on Inch above the board when dangerous In rooms wher there Is properly placed. Now procure a very illness. Although hunches A flowers taken to the sick, such sharp penknife, hold the ruler firmly. are To Cut Cardboard. e d from-bulb- s one-bal- cutting end of the saw, and they range from about d of an inch to one inch in diameter. In novelty works buttons an inch and a half or larger are made. Before going to the finishing machines the blanks are usually passed through four intermediate processes. First they are passed through a blank classifier, where, by falling between rollers they are separated into different lots according to thickness. Next they are placed in tumblers, consisting of heavy and slowly revolving barrels of iron or wood, in which they are churned with water and pumice stone to clean them and remove any possible rough edges. The blanks are then ready for the grinder, a machine fit' ted with an emery wheel which grinds away the horny backs and reduces the blanks to a uniform thickness. Final ly the blanks are again soaked in wa ter to be softened for the finishing machine. They are then ready for the essential processes of button making, which are accomplished by an automatic machine of comparatively recent Invention and of very Ingenious design, The blanks are fed by hand into depressions In the tops of vertical chucks, which are arranged in series constitut Ing an endless chain. As the chucks in the endless chain pass around the circumference of the machine each blank Is automatically operated upon by various tools, and each tool Is an tomatlcally sharpened and prepared for the succeeding blank. The processes accomplished In the machine consist In rounding the edges and carving out the center In the desired pattern. After the first hole the drill rises, the button makes a turn through a fourth or half of one revolution ( according to or whether It is to be a four-hol- e when the tfrill again to make a new hole.' After the last hole Is drilled the chuck opens automatically to release the button, which Is sucked Into a tube connected with the blower system to be dropped Into a bucket through a counting tube From the cutting machine the buttons are taken to the churns, where they are tumbled, or churned, with wa ter and pumice stone to clean them, take off the rough edges, and make them ready for receiving the final polish. The polishing Is also a tumbling process, in which, however, sulphuric add Is used in conjunction with steam. After the buttons are dried In shakers with sawdust, they are placed wlt dry sawdust and wnshing powder in, a combined tumbler and shaker. This process removes any trace of limy de posit and gives the final luster. Finally the buttons are conveyed in buckets or boxes to the sorting room where they are sorted according to qualities and grades and sewed to suitable cards for packing In boxes, ready to be sold. one-thir- . SHAYS CAFETERIA Down the marble stair Opposite Post Office. RUBBER STAMPS ft STENCILS. Seals and ear tags also niade. Seed for samples, priest etc. Salt Lake Stamp Co.. 65 W. Broadway. honr.cleaning and shampooing rugs. $2 70 an Vacuum furnished free. $10 commission op sales. Dodge Bros., 66 E. First South. Salt Lake. CREAM BOUGHT. Send us your cream. Western Creamery Co.. 244 W. Fourth South. f, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS of every description on very easy Write Daynes-Beeb- e, Salt Lake. term. CDpC Samples of Saloons. Confetti, Noise mak- era. U. S. Wholesale Co. Bog POULTRY BOUGHT. For best results ship poultry, tggs and gams to Fulton Mkt Corrtsl weight Prompt returns. Writ for prices. OLDSMOBILE DISTRIBUTORS. Can ft tratka. Used ear bargains. A. E. Toursssn. 447 S. Main. Mings euro your motor trouble. fiill Piston Gill Piston King Co.. I East Fourth South ' ELASTIC STOCKING MPRS. Manufacturer abdominal. Maternity supporters. Truss attars. S. H. Bowmur Co.. Brooks Arcade. WELDING, AUTO RADIATORS ft Machinery built and repaired. Boat and cheapest Potter Welding ft Repairing Cs, 651 South State Fou weighs S lbs. TYPFWRrmK Tbo AUmakeaxented and said. Utah Office ft School Supply, M W. Second South St .. paign barely turned a hand In the lars. work of the election of members of Representative Julius Kahn', chairthe house. The senatorial committees man fit the house committee on mil did work. In truth all the campaign itary affairs, has seen fit to set forth labors so far as the Republican party the Intent of congress in the matter was concerned, and largely in the case of the memorial building. He says of the Democratic party also, were the intent is that the auditorium in coalesced, and the laborers were di- the building shall be available for rected from national committee head- such conventions as are-c- l vie, educational, patriotic, and naquarters to go forth Into the. fields. The member's of the Democratic na- tional or International In character. It Is now believed that the corner tional committee have been watching the meeting of the Republican nation- stone for the great building will be al committee, and are taking note of laid on Armistice day, November 11, Its outcomes. George White has new and that Marshal Foch of the French armies will be present In this city to Ideas and some new men. take part In the ceremonies. It is Democrats Publicity Chief. For instance, there is now' a new also probable that Admiral Beatty of chief of publicity, information and the British navy wlll be present. The and the admiral have been propaganda in the person of Richard general invited by tbe municipal officials of Linthicum, whom many western newsKansas City, Mo.,' to be present at paper men will remember well. He was for years connected In both ex- the convention of the members of the ecutive and writing capacities with American Legion which will be Tield tbe .Chicago Journal, the Chicago there the last week in October of this year. General Foch tentatively has Chronicle and the Chicago ' He is a seasoned newspaper man, accepted the invitation and General a Democrat with his heart in bis De- Beattys acceptance is expected. Much has been written about the mocracy, and be. knows how to work. Lintblcura In recent years was con- . Victory, Memorial building. It is possible today to write something more nected with the New York World. definite concerning it because the Kellogg Urges Yorktown Park. dollars necessary to start the Senator Frank B. Kellogg of Minon its way already has been ' project a in bill introduced nesota bas subscribed. for an appropriation of congress' Gold and Blue Stars in the Ceiling. $100,000 with nhich to purchase and ' a as national to maintain military park - Since lust writing about the great the site of tbe battlefield of Yorktown, memorial, new pin ns have developed. It, viH be possible for any Individual Va., tbe scene of the surrender of Genor any organization, by subscribing a eral Cornwallis lo General Washington, a surrender that virtually ended certul. amount of money, to secure the struggle of ibe American colonies the insertion In the great celling of the building of a gold star in memory for their independence. On the introduction of the bill Sen- I of any soldier who went to his death ator Kellogg said that there are six in tlie. war, or a blue star for any soldier who gave his services to his or seven government reservations ng tbe battlefields of tbe Civ- country. The place will be gloriously and the coupling of senil war, but that there is only one such reservation marked by a battle of the timent with the beauty' of the decoRevolutionary war that at Guilford ration will lend additional character to blooms as hyacinths, 'r. the. building. House, N. C. Court ley, tuberoses, and even daffodils and York river joins issues G. A. U., the- - American Legion, The the Where narcissus, should be carefully avoided. veterans, the veterThe perfume ds said lo be as danger-ou- s With Chesapeake bay lies Yorktown. tlie Spanish and-th- e Washwars, of ans where the all. reach various orYou can place to a person in a critical state of waganisations holding In memory the health as a d,se of morphine would ington overcame Cornwalis b.v a little more soldiers of tlie Confederacy of Civil war be, without jKtssessing the benefits ter Journey that takes ' ti an an hour. The trip and the inter- tiroes will have places Ur the great which that drug sometimes confers. est that lies at Its end pyty compouud structure for their meetings and for I. tlie direction of the work of tbeir orpercentages on tlieI time iue Jud Tunkina. Tbe auditorium Itselt Yorktown bos teen spoken of as ganizations. Jud Tunkins says your tlmn will be a liuge affair, cupable of seatis IV , a ,vll:$S juore joti.er.iig good loser Is usually no mpre than Kit decrepit with age, but its years ing many thousands of people, and a man who has sense enough to keesv and 1; Ills lies every effort will be made to make Its have l.en. mouth shut. jjTe ho; e ur.ti the i.e.icf- that .he Amer ; acoustic- propel ties perfect. ' Times-Her-al- : L. D. 8. BU8INE88 COLLEGE. of Efficiency. All commercial branches. Catalog tret. 0 N. Main St. Salt Lake City. KID FITTING CORSET PARLORS, Specialists in designing, making, fitting eorssts. Hemstitching, embroidering, braiding, accordion end side pleating. Buttons mads. 46 E. Bdwy. School i VULCANIZING ft RETREADING. Quality sad service. Standard Tir. Works, 261 So. Stats. la venters Modcle Made. Key. lock and gna Knudaon Novelty Co.. 251 So. State repairing. BEK TOUR LOCAL PUBLISHER For loose leaf binders, special blank, record of all kinds. Hs gives QuaMty Scrvioe. MOLER BARBER COLLEGE. Qualify as bar-h- er .n few weeks. 42 S. West Temple Street ARTISTS' MATERIALS N ART CO., pictare framing. china painters and artist supplies. 262 Mate SPECIAL KUSH SERVICE secured if you mention this paper when writing bovt firms. in thu Dark. select tlie deserted Nest , Prairie-owl- s Chim; bjurrows of the prairie-dog- s ney swifts construct tbeir nests far down In dark sooty chimneys, says the American Forestry Magazine, while woodpeckers coustitute' other familiar examples of this, as do a vast host of other species qf birds fill 'over tbe worll. Indoor Plant. Indoor plants, should be watered with tepid water, and kept when poa-lbl-e in an even atmosphere. half-millio- n ' . star-studde- d ' ' Li'iM-mm- - Would Spare Dadiis Feeling. . Marlon is fond of her daddy and never wishes to hurt his feelings. One day she ate too much candy and made herself so sick she had to go to bed. Every little while her dttddy would go and finally, in to see how she' when be went in, before he had .time .to ask her, she said: Don't ask me, I daddy, for I will have to tell : . feel worse 4 -- .'v- - Suitable. Yes. Im. engaged to a girl with million dollars.. What does she looh like? Like a million dollats. Bal ticiore American. of. Wall Paper. .Willi paper originated in China, but In China It wns not known as wall paper. It remained for the western world to take tbe Idea or huge wait painting, mounted upon rollers, wblfh were mounted ceiling-high- , but .never affixed to the walls.?' and from such temporary d corations evolve tbe. wall coverings of today- O-i- Twine Made of Asbestos. .Twine for binding parts of apparatus exposed to fire or acid U heiag made of asbestoa.