|Provo Daily Herald
|No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)
|Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
|Provo Daily Herald
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1961 Hammarskjold's Faith In U.N. d al . three-heade- co-ope- ra- problems of change. He declined therefore to brand it as a failure, "it would seem more correct to regard 'this as a failure of the world community." saying- After that the name most prominently mentioned is that of Defense Minister Franz Josef Strauss, house-cleanin- g. long-delaye- The. United Nations, its future imperiled as never before, ' may-finthe seeds of survival and new strength in the late Secretary-GenerDag Hammarskjold's final official testament to the U.N.'s overriding purposes. , With the frosty detachment and deliberately "gray" 1 a n gu a ge which made him peculiarly the symbol of international impartiality, Hammarskjold in his last annual report sketched out" two futures the U.N. might embrace. In the one, the organization would serve mainly as an arena of competition, of intermittent conflict among the varying interests and ideologies of the West, .the Communist bloc and the neutral or unaligned nations. Though he never mentioned the Soviet Union by name, he made clear the Kremlin-sponsore- d prosecU.N. d posal for. a retariat roots itself in this notion: that the U.N. is a kind of shifting battleground but nothing more. The other future he foresaw-an- d the one he unmistakenly believed in- - would make of the United: Nations ah arena of tion, an impartial ground above the struggle, a fixed place with a life of its own,, presided over with steadily enlarging executive by the independent authority secretariat devoted to the general cellor will be Ludwig Erhard, whose economic genius is credited with Germany's present property, but who is no politician, t By PHIL NEWSOM UPI Foreign News Analyst BONN, West Germany (UPD Until the middle of next month Germany will be ruled by a lame-duc- k government capable only of After that, answers must be sought to some problems. The more pressing the Berlin crisis becomes, the more pressing these problems will become. As of now, the betting is. that the federal republic's next- chan - The remedy he prescribed was for member nations "jointly to "increase their efforts to make political realities gradually come closer to the pattern established by the Man of Courage Strauss is the man who has built the West German wehrmacht into the most powerful army in Western Europe and who is regarded as one of the most astute politicians in the Christian Demo d - I includes questions of increased defense spending, ' stepped up conscription and a longer term of cratic Party. Strauss is one of the few present cabinet ministers who ever dared talk back to the old man, and is regarded as a good possibility, for foreign minister in the The problem springs from the fact that West Germany is aligned firmly with the West, both militarily through NATO, and economically through its membership in the West European Common Market. In the same way, East Germany is tied just as firmly to the Soviet long-rang- e new lineup. Now to some of the problems: West Germany's immediate problems arise from the new So viet pressure on Berlin and Khrushchev's announced intention to sign a separate peace treaty with Communist East Germany. This , Believe In Looking at Both Sides zone. . By the Herald BEHIND THE STORY When you pick up your Herald to read a dramatic, news .story, do you ever give a thought to the story behind the the modern-da- y story miracle that enables you to get the news with pictures, within a very few hours after the event happened?" Big stories at the far corners of the globe involve foreign corres- pondents, thousands of miles of cable and telephone lines, radio-phottransmission of news by teletype, etc., with breath-takin- g speed as the key factor. But there is drama in covering the important local story, too. Take for example, this week's Utah County murder story. The story on the Confession of .the man who admitted the of the American Fork girl broke about noon, less than an hour before deadline. Yet the Herald carried the full details of the confession, the filing: of the murder charge, and a splendid action picture of the manacled confessed slayer as he was led from the sheriff's office. The Herald coverage was a team job and this is how it hap-pe- , co-operati- on. late-breaki- In the charter he ound positive, specific sponsorship of a wide range of economic; and social acbettertivities aimed at ment of the participating lands. By his measure, the "competing interest" concept the Russians espouse is at opposite poles from this basic and highly promising charter objective. He saw the charter, too, as a clear, unassailable declaration of the principles of equal political rights, economic opportunities and justice for all nations and peoples. All these visions are very general, but it may be argued that it is precisely on these broad yet fundamental grounds that the United Nations is today under its . the-niutu- al rape-murd- By Congressman Robert J. Corbett (R) (Pittsburgh, Pa.) WASHINGTON, D. C In preparation for the 1962 Congressional election, the Republican party will, carry a grassroots campaign to the pavements of the Nation's big cities and the sprawling uouruan areas wnicn surround them. As a party, we realize that the task is sizeable. In 1960, we carried only 14 of the 40 cities with a v population of over 300,- - in the United States. We lost the President i a 1 election because of the prepon- uerani uemocrauc voxe TOO attr "Phfl arfolnfil a anil New York. The 1960 election per- - service, in home-owner- . - cm s Mr. Alexander , thatthe it fact that many brought to light voters were having their ballots nullified by questionable tactics at the polls. In some areas, vote fraud was admitted, but entrenched municipal and election officials refused to take the necessary steps to rectify the situation. In Texas, thousands of ballots were thrown out through a "trick ballot" using splinter parties and a complicated cross - out system. Our problems in the city are chiefly and are education and organizational admittedly monumental. However, we feel highly optimistic that the tremendous vote margins rolled up by opposition political machines in the major catties can be trimmed back substantially. A pragmatic example of voter education effectiveness was a recent mayoralty election in St. Louis.' Richard M. Nixon lost the city by 100,000 votes. Subsequently, an intensive GOP educational effort succeeded in doubling the Republican vote in the city and cutting back the Democratic margin by nearly 40,000 votes. This was accomplished with a revitalized Repu b 1 i c a n organization which will flex its political muscles fully in future contests. Included in the St. Louis program were "schools for precinct workers and poll watchers. Questions asked' revealed that voting violations had obviously been flagrant. On election day, flying srmaris of "Honest Ballot Cars" toured polling places. One result was a gain of 30,000 votes in a section of the city which had shut out Nixon almost com' pletely. The Republican National Committee's pamphlet on vote frauds, "Are You a Shadow Voter?" has been in unexpectedly heavy demand. Although Congressional races in the big cities have given Republicans less worrisome times than the national races, the job we face in 1962 is formidable but not by any means insurmountable. Big i cities lend themselves to organization. With Democratic' scandals rocking the metropolitan areas, the decay of bossism is apparent. The public de-- : mand for good Government, honest bal loting &nd candidates of high caliber I I high-calib- er So They Say You and I know what the trouble is. They (the gamblers) pay off the judges. They pay off the sheriff and they pay off the police.. Sen. Henry M. Jackson, member of subcommittee investigating D-Wa- sh., gambling. The opinions and pressed by Herald their own and do reflect tha views ef statements ex- - columnists are not necessarily this cewaser. j j er . J QUICK CHANGE A local group of associates planning to do some Investing in the stock market r Reporter Joan Geyer, knowing that the prime suspect was being questioned, waited outside the sheriff's door, absorbing the atmosphere and excitement of the occasion, snatching every fact she could get that might be useful. Meantime, acting on her tip that something important might break, City Editor Theron H. Luke dispatched Chief Photographer 'Harold K. Monson to the scene. Harold,-- a veteran of many a difficult assignment, had his camera all focused and cocked for the moment the confessed slayer stepped out the door, .followed by Sheriff Dick Chappie. Harold's first shot, which appeared on Wednesday's front page, was a dandy. It was a good thing He got it fast because the defendant, sensing the battery of photograph- ers present, began to crouch and r hide his face. had Mrs. Geyer, meanwhile, obtained necessary facts for her story in a quick interview with the sheriff. Things were still happening fast when she telephoned the Herald office , and began dictating her lead to Kathy Farrell on the city desk. Mr. Luke copyread the story and inserted background details gleaned when he covered the murder of the little girl Sunday. The editor wrote the headlines. While linotype operators were Around the Capitol ct ng d: Holmes Alexander of prominent and interesting: guests will contribute columns. setting the story in metal type and proofreaders were checking for possible errors, photographer Monson was developing and printing his pictures. Experienced printers quickly made up the front page by inserting the type according to the "dummy" (dia gram) prepared by the editor, and the page went to the stereotype room on schedule, to be cast into a tubular plate. AH that was left now, was for the tubular plate to be placed on the press, after inserting the plastic photoengraving of the slayer's picture. Now the big Goss Rotary press was ready to start rolling out 15,000 copies of the Herald in less than an hour. In just the time it takes to deliver the paper, the readers had the story and pictures of the murder confession on their own doorstep. No doubt you, like the "thousands of other readers, were stirred by the shocking news of the story. But only the newspaper staff itself could have known first- nana ot tne siae arama mat took place in the getting and handling of the story. N.L.C. o, greatest challenge. will be great. We Republicans expect to benefit from all these factors. But, while it often is said that the trouble with Republicans is that they spend too much time talking to other Republicans, we are now embarked on a program of organization. We are tryGOP ing to revitalize presently-defunorganizations which have been ineffective in performing the tasks of keeping our Party a separate and dynamic entity. We are meeting enthusiastic response. The traditional, automatic tendency for city people to vote Democratic is being overcome as more and more Americans realize that taxation, inflation and destruction of individual liberties must be checked if we are to survive as a healthy nation. One of our fertile fields for organization is in the suburbs where most of the people who work in the city have s, their voting residences. Here with1 feel the many large families, of taxation. Here also increased pinch is an area with a traditional Republican background, one which will be revived and strengthened. We intend to launch a strong' campaign among the ethnic groups, many of them refugees from "big governments" abroad, who are becoming increasingly sensitive about the Demo-- ; cratic party's emphasis on centralization and curbs of individual opportunity through massive Federal programs. Their Innate sense of thrift is outraged by the profligate spending proposals being advanced at all levels of Government controlled by the Democratic, ; party. We will field a vigorous slate of candidates for Congress, many of them for the first time in serious contention instead of in token opposition to the city machines. An intensive "talent hunt" for good candidates is in process. We intend to field candidates who are articulate conversant with problems in their cities.' and capable of communicating to various city groups the need for a Republican Congress to halt the drift away from the Constitutional principles of our founders. With redistricting and gerrymandering currently involving most of thelarge metropolitan centers, it is not feasible to pinpoint specific Districts which the GOP will .pick up in 1962. I have every confidence, however, that a Republican resurgence in the urban and suburban areas will account for a substantial number of the 44 seats we need to regain control of the House of Representatives in 1962. (Distributed- - by McNaught Syndicate. Inc.) Staff Off U.N. charter." To Hammarskjold that charter stood as a great, flexible, beckon- -' ing instrument capable of drawing most if not all the member states down the path of fuller The Soviet Union wants to alter world good. the U.N. radically. Hammarskjold, in his last article of faith, is tellLofty as this may sound, no one who knew or dealt with Haming all countries big and small marskjold had any doubt that he Vtha'ttre'y have in the U.N. an worked for just these goals. agency which can be shaped and As a realist, he knew full well adapted in hard practice to serve how deeply the U.N. is today emthe dreams that accompanied its broiled in power politics, and the birth 16 years ago. Editor's Note: Holmes Alexander has left on a brief European vacation. During his absence a number i - GOP To Carry '62 Fight To Cities ' service. ' But there remain areas of negotiations. Long Division Expected West Germans as a whole appear resigned to many years of division between East and West, even though no West German politician yet has dared to say so. So the West could live with a separate Soviet treaty with East Germany Seven while not recogniz' ing it. The chief problem is the West's free accer- - to Berlin. Trade Unions Have Big Responsibility By HENRY J. TAYLOR The American trade union movement is a field close to my heart. At the turn of the century, as president of the Illinois Coal Operators Assn., my father signed with John Mitchell of the United Mine Workers the first collec- tive bargaining agreement ever signed in that industry and throughout his long life he was a revered factor in affairs. The coal companies were powerful ''too powerful. The unions too weak. The were weak John Mitchell is the earliest great hero of American unionism, but in those days only 10,000 of the .300,000 miners in the bituminous fields were members of his union, which John L. Lewis headed for years. Well, coal mines were tough places, and the wild battles between my father and Mitchell were legendary. Yet, Mitchell's biographers remark that each had unbounded and ferocious respect for the other and, in the quieter years of their lives, each of these men was to the other his dearest friend. There was one famous occasion during a bitter central strike when the miners were meeting in Masonic Hall at Braidwood. There was fury in the hot room, and plenty of it. Alone, father strode into the hall while Mitchell was letting go against him with every brickbat labor-manageme- nt H-lin- ois in the bag. Father was mad as a goaded bull, and I guess he looked it. With a thousand miners packed in there, he mounted the platformthe only man in the room not carrying a union card and pounded out his side of the argument, Mitchell sat still, angry and flushed, the hard-smuscles showing along the line of his jaw.. But he let father have his say. A miner in the front row hurled a chair. As it hit father square on the shoulder the miner sprang et to the platform. Mitchell jumped up. Father whirled around. They made a dive for the man togeth- er. And together they threw that man out on his head. And. instead of a riot, the crowd laughed including Mitchell and my dad. That was an American way. As our country has grpwn and became so much more jcomplex, labor - management affairs, have changed vastly, too.. But a few remain the needed principles ' same; Rousseau compared power to a great river. When it overflows it bears down all before it. The democratic essential, and the only true liberal position, is to oppose any undue concentration of power from whatever direction it flows. It can be done; and it must be done. Justice belongs to all men and enterprises, or belongs to none. Today many unions, through privileged legislation. and concen trated power, overflow as much as the trusts did in John Mitchell's day; insatiable in their unending demands for wage increases Khrushchev or no Khrushchev, Berlin or no Berlin, inflation or no inflation, national peril or no peril. Yet, of course, there are ceilings as well as floors beyond which wage rates become inequitable and unworkable. Trick economic rationalizations, political whangdang and formulas about wages and prices, combined with duress, cannot produce something sound and right if the contention is unsound. No pay . raise won that way is any more justified than e gougings by the trusts. For there is no right way to do a wrong thing. Most businesses live in a cycle. Costs and prices are very delicate, complicated mecha n i s m s. Maladjustments forced at gunpoint on a business can be as disastrous for the workers and the community as for the company. In fact, some wage Alice-in-Wonder-la- nd old-tim- profit--and-lo- ss increases not justified except in terms of union politics and raw powrer have resulted in pricing many products smack out of the market here and (rabroad. Whether the fault comes from management or labor, this or any action which weakens our economy today weakens pur stand against the Soviet Union-- . The stability, vitality and growth of free enterprise is a weapon we must depend on in this battle. These three needs are permanent, for the Communist threat of our nation's survival will be with us a long, long time. Our nation is standing by to help many other countries; but there is no strong country standing by to help the United States. If we blow up, the free world blows up. In our peril, semantics is no substitute for patriotism, honesty or duty. The great trade unions have a majestic responsibility to "see that their great power is used first for America, and not for themselves. I think John Mitchell would subscribe to s that. 7 Drug A "pony" - vi-- bratnr! device I for figure con- - Dr. Hyman j trol. A facial exerciser for wrinkle , control. An air purifier that claims to control infections such as acute peritonitis (lining of abdominal c.vity), bronchopneumonia, meningitis, scarlet fever and, diph- theria; .."". electronic device that claims to diagnose and treat various diseases and conditions. An j A "fingernail beautifier" that " claims to prevent and correct thin, brittle or breaking nails. A supply of honey, vinegrar and kelp that claims to be useful in the treatment and prevention of chronic fatigue, kidney stones, diseases of the lungs and other serious Weight - reducing preparations that contain nothing but - a mix- ture of gelatin, a sugar (sucrose) and saccharine. A sea water concentrate that contains a mixture of elements claimed to be necessary for the maintenance of health. A solution of a local anesthetic (procaine hydrocloride)! which claims to be a rejuvenator and an effective form of treatment for nervous disorders, me mory lapses, Hardening of the arteries,, premature aging, asthma, lumbago and other complaints.. This is the 'miracle" preparation with which a Bucharest woman doctor claim-e- d to revitalize 99.98 per cent of some 8,000 old persons. "Genuine Koch Glyoxylide" for cancer patients. A solution 'of sterile distilled water available at a cost of $25 for an unspecified amount. A "pure orange juice" widely sold and transported across state lines 'after being adulterated with sugar and water. What makes this type of foolery even more costly to my mind, are the facts that (1) the money r pent may be taken from monies available for the purchase of legitimate and useful articles and, products, and (2) that priceless time may be lost in the testing of these frauds, thus depriving the victim of the benefits of early diagnosis and prompt treatment. bronchial so-call- , of our girls Esther ! A few years ago when a hurricane was named Babs, we didn't pay too much attention to it even' though thatis a nickname for Barbara, our oldest daughter. But this year our baby Carla (who is slightly spoiled but not in cyclone proportions) no sooner- left the news than Debbie is (The appeared. Debra.) When the storms get to the letter L, the schedule better not be for either Lora or Lark this ld J year.P.B.P. w ADOLESCENT BULL Having grown up around farm animals, I felt quite familiar with all stages of their growth, but our son introduced us to a new one, when he informed us our neighbor had rone to Heber to brinsr home their "teenage bull." Want an Introduction? F.M.P., Lake - , View. Your Pocketbook There Are Many Ways Of Borrowing For College It's Fun To Be Fooled But Not By The Quacks J THOSE HURRICANE NAMES! I'm glad we didn't name one " The Doctor Says By Harold Thomas Hyman, M.D. Written for Newspaper Enterprise Assn. There's an old saying that "it's fun to be fooled." Being fooled can also be a very expensive form of amusement.; Here are a few examples from the always . , interesting re- . ports of prod- - f ucts condemned :L by the Food and planned to call themselves the Provo Investment Group until the daughter of one of them discovered what the initials spelled. W.N.J. ed , orate overseas By FAYE HENLE Q Where is the Ijest place to borrow money for my college education? J. J. A Dear J. J.: I would advise you to check your college to see-whether you might be eligible for, tour, insist on specific accommodations, ask him to hire cars and guides for you, then he may well charge you a fee. If the fee were nominal, it would be a good buy for you. You would save the time, mail add phone charges necessary to make such arrangements on your own. The agent undoubtedly knows far better sources ; from their funds or whether .you might get aid through the fed- National Defense Educa-tio- n Act or whether in your ctato vnit TTliFht be able to bo- V than you would. eral rrow f -- M money state Faye Henle funds" from a savings bank. backed by , These three are the cheapest sources of money, for college loans. If you are unable to make one of these loans, check with a commercial bank in your area. commercial banks Frequently make education loans at lower interest rates than those charged , on personal loans. , a travel arent Q If I ask to arrange my vacation, will he charge a lot? M. M. B. ' A Dear M. M. B.: This all depends. If you ask no more than, say, passage on a plane, train or ship and simple guest house or hotel accommodations, the chances are a travel agent won't charge youj Instead, he, makes his money on the commission he receives from the airline, railroad, steamship company and hotel. If you ask him to book an elab want to go into busiH ness for myself. Where can I go to fcet information? L. R. A Dear L. R.: If you had told me specifically what kind of a business you want to go into, I might have been able to guide you better. Start by inquiring at the nearest office of the U. S. Department o Commerce, your local Chamber of Commerce and local bank. Q Can I ask my broker to identify the shares of stock he sells for me? I want to sell 25 shares of a stock at a loss. I have another 50 shares in the same company, I bought these at a lower price, and, they would produce a taxable gain if I sold them. I don't want to get Into trouble with the tax people. B.S. A Dear B. S.: Tell your broker to sell those shares which were bought on a specific date, tho shares that cost the most. Ask him to confirm your instructions in writing on' the sales slip he sends you and you'll be safe for tax purposes. :AH rights reserved, Newspaper Enterprise Assn.