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F Feu Would Look With Suspicion Effrrt nf mt tijr Strain Washington Day by Day thr (gntrral IKralth TILE af The "accommodation" function of our eyes is their power to focus equally clearly the images ot objectl at a distance and those near the face. Its mechanism is the crystalline lens, controlled by the ciliary muscle. The lens has an innate mid "potaneous elasticity which gives it the ability to increase its refractive power required as an object is brought nearer the ye. This increased refraction is incited by the contraction of the ciliary muscle. This act is called accommodation. As has been said, it is little exercised in myopia, and hcnoe there is little pain or "eyestrain" in purely myoptic defects or aearaghrrxlneai. In the condition called emmetropia, or optical normality (only approximately existing), it. is called into use, and increasingly with wen Increase of nearness of the object looked at, until its extreme is reached when the object is so near the eyes that it is not clearly seen that is. with accurate focus or clear photographic 'Although the medical textbooks give little or no hint of this, it is true, as thousands of good physicians and patients well know, that headaches. fl? per cent, al least, aw due to eyestrain. Many observant physicians believe that the "paroxysmal neuroses," periodic headaches, flO0 MISS SHONTS WILL WED FRENCH NOBLEMAN migraine, epilepsy, asthma, etc, as well as hysteria, neurasthenia, "brainfag," "nervous breakdown," are very frequently caused by years of morbid ocular struggle. Mental diseases follow; weariness alternating with hyperexcitabil-ity- , an amazing need of walking, truancy (escaping from ocular labor), morbid introspection, uameleas torments and ings, diseased self-torme- nt habits, hopelessness, melancholia, manias, incipient and functional insanities, and indirectly occupational failure, crime, and many other Taut trends. It is more easy to get man to leave off drink than to leave off betting. recall a striking confession of the power that gambling wields over the life of anyone in its clutches. It happened a was during the time prison chaplain at Clerkcnwell Gaol. I was trying to keep a man straight who had been a burglar, a drunkard, and a gambler. "I car leave oil burgling," he said to me one T leave olf can but can't leave oil' betting." drink, day, The ignoble and unbrolherlv desire to make money without giving anything in return for it is, in my opinion, the chief consideration which Should deter people, and especially young men, from gambling. It is to my mind immoral for on.' to take money in that way. This point came out. strikingly in Hie evidence gave before the royal commission on which was appointed to inquire into the subject some years ago. When said that a man had no right to bet, one of the peer.-- sitting on the commission remarked that it was too sweeping an assertion, for the remark did not applj V a man like himself, who could afford to loss "That is where you are ng," rep lied. "You can't alford to lose. With men in your position it is a case of noblesse oblige. It is for you to set an example to the people in a lower class of life. You may be able to alford o lose the money, but you arc not able to afford to lose the influence of your example." The suffering which falls on the wives and children of married men wlto gamble must be seen to be believed. remember on one occasion to two stood side side. which by They were both tenanted cottages going by married men. Their wives were in rags and their children half starved. One of the men was a drunkard, while the other, though quite sober and always in work, was perpetually having bis resources drained away through betting. Although he saw the misery to which his wife and children were reduced, he kept on, always hoping against hope that he would make a coup and recover himself, Instead of pulling up at once, when his hard work would soon have told and he would have been able to extricate his wife, his children, and himself from the terrible condition in which they 1 - I 1 bet-lin- g , , lived. Undoubtedly gambling is increasing. You have only to look at the increased number of lietting papers and compare them with what they were a certain number of years ago to understand that this is the case; if they did not succeed they would not be published. The way in which betting is invading sport after sport is terrible, for this is making it impossible for decent people to follow them. well-nig- h cannot too careful in your choice of a Upend wife. If you make a mistake in choosing your svond wife it You lie that you did not deserve to lose your lirst. Manage is a habit is Obvious By FRANK RICHARDSON. that grow s on one. The reason (hat 80 many marriages turn out unhappily for the parties concerned lien in the unfortunate but by no means unnatural desire thai men have for m.irrv-in- y their second wives in tie (irst instance. If a man could marry bis second wife firsl there dd m fewei oachelor- - et J P. 73 NOT The departure of former Shonts, ch&irman of the Panama canal commission, with his two daughters, for New York, where tie is now head of the Metropolitan traction interests, has again revived talk concerning the engagement of Miss Shonts to the Due de Ohanlnes. If there ever was an engagement it Is now off, as Washington society has the story, and the reason for this failure of another international alliance is said to be the refusal of Mr. Shonts to grant the ducal demand for a settlement. It is accepted here as the correct version of the departure of the duke without a bride that Mr. Shonts stood firmly for the American idea of marriage settlements. He is reported to have told De Chaulnes that he would give his daughter a stylish wedding, provide her with a trousseau fit for a princess, and a substantial wedding allowance that would keep her in pin money for a long time, but to enter into any agreement to settle an income on her for life before marriage, WASHINGTON this H0 HfiND II 4n t he would not do. Personally the head of the Shonts household wants to see his daughter happilv married, and, if he had any Objections to the French notjieman, ra willing to put them aside if Miss kShonts was satisfied with the auke. So. according to some of the wise ones, the match will never come off, as the duke is reported to "need the money," for while he is long on lineage and Incumbered estates, he is short on cash. To ail appearances the two young people are really in love. "But what can a duke and duchess do without sufficient means to keep up their end of the social game?" asks Washington society. Still, some believe the young people may yet decide to marry without the settlement and take their chances on papa's determination not to rehabilitate the De Chaulnes es- 1862 . w 170 How They Should Be Laid and a vice That Will Aid. MEN HURT The congressional party headed by real reason for the between Speaker Cannon, the speaker believed they had been so badly treated that they had the eight other members of the consteward on the prepare gressional party and the canal zone their luncheon for steamship them. Each memofficials was not because of the quarber of the party on the train carried antine regulations but because Speak- a lunch box. er Cannon and his party did not beWhen the train pulled into Panama lieve they were properly treated. Superintendent Beard of the Panama When the steamship on which the Railroad company had prepared an Speaker and his party were arrived elaborate luncheon for the members at Colon the men who are digging the of the speaker's party. They went in and ate the luncheon, canal and caring for the canal zone the dining-rooon leaving the table each memand did not even send a rowboat out to ber of the party left at his plate the meet them. The party boarded a customary price for a luncheon. train at Colon, going to Panama and jtjperintendent Beard found the after it had started and was neanng money on the table, and, as his Culebra cut Speaker Cannon went guests had gone, sent it back to the strolling through the coach ahead. steamship with a curt note that he In it he found Chief Engineer Stevens, was not authorized to collect money who recognized him and talked with for the luncheon. him a few minutes. "The Panama commission may have the chief engineer gentlemen in its offices in Washing"Well, good-by,said, waving his hand, as the train ton, but it certainly has none of them "This is at work on the canal," the speaker is approached Culebra cut. where I get off." reported to have told Gov. Magoon. IAIN ST. SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. De- Trices Where there is a .sufficient grade, there is little to contend with in laying tile. From the point where the water stands, the shortest possible cut should be taken through the dry land to the outlet. If, however, there is a great deal of compact blue clay between the marsh and the desired outlet, it is sometimes more economical to run the ditch around these deposits than to attempt to cut through them. If the ditch is cut through such clay, it is advisable to fill in a layer of coarse gravel just before filling in the clay. This will prevent the finer particles of the clay from entering and stopping up the tile. When the land is nearly level and it is difficult to tell just where the ditch should be run te "get the fall," a simple device can be made similar to the one shown. Take a 2x6, 16 feet long, and to the middle of this bolt an upright piece four feet long. To While in New York the Misses Shonts will help their father in selecting a home for the family, to which they will move from here some time early in June. PRIDE OF CONGRESSMAN THE DRAINS. tates. CANAL ZONE ed J. W. HORSLEY. C3TAM.ISH.lL, at the National Capital IT li.is been iJcmonstraU'd bv scientific examinations that from SO to 60 kt cent, of school children have ocular defects requiring the use of sjieclacles in onJcr to enahle them to preserve their eyes, to maintain their general health, and to keep up with their fellows who have good eyes. As a matter of pedagogics of school efficiency, of the preservation of eyesight, and of general health, the puhlic is vitally interested in having these ocularly deficient and handicapped children supplied with spectacles. The public school svstem s i therefore ju.-t- h demands that those children too poor to procure the scientific refraction required and the skilled fitting of proper spectacles should furnish such poor children with these heips, absolutely necessary in order to enable them to carry out the school work required by the law. By REV. CANON s News Gathered Here and There By DR. GEO. M. GOULD. Distinguished Eye Specialist, PhilidelpMa. Slip 3fallg nf (Santhlhtn; On any man who tried to ell ou a at rule to the (old pin for K1U. You AplRetI It full value for Jewrlrv you buy. four aaaaaaj arttk u aud no "uargalus." r fBSM Device to Determine Fall. the top of this upright piece attach a string with a plumb bob at the bottom. Near the lower end of the bob, tack a foot rule one inch above the lower end of the upright piece. Set this device in the ditch. If the bob rests at O, exactly under the point where it is attached to the upright plank, there is no fall whatever. If it moves to the left from O, there is a fall of about ten feet to the mile for each eighth of an inch the plumb bob removes to the left from O. As soon as the fall is determined under the device, remove it 16 feet to the left and determine the fall there. It is considered that a fall of five feet to the mile is ample; however, many ditches are laid with a fall' of The only three feet to the mile. greater the fall, the less liable the ditch is to become clogged, and where it is possible, the fall should be at least ten feet to the mile. WEIGHING " BY FIGURES. Rules for the Measurement of Hay in Stacks. A ton of dry hay contains all the way from 300 to 900 cubic feet, depending on the length of time it has been stacked and its quality. FAIRBANKS' AMBITION The rules for measuring hay vary in different localities, a cube of seven OPENS HIS POCKETBOOK feet being considered in some places a ton and a cube of eight feet being considered a ton at other places. We would like to sell hay by the seven a presidential bee buzzing Col. Edward Morrell, of Philadelphia, WITH foot plan and buy it by the eight foot in his bonnet. Vice Presi- and they have more than a dozen servplan. A cube of hay eight foot each dent Fairbanks has entered on a so- ants, with twice that total several way will contain 512 cubic feet in all, a week. Over Fairbanks' the days cial campaign that has made the whole kitchen now presides John Rook, the which with the average run of hay capital rub its eyes in surprise and chef who was the joy of Levi Z. will come very close to a ton. It takes wonder at his extravagance. a very excellent quality of hay for a Leiter and his friends. Since the Fairbanks weather eye Rook has so much money to spend cube of seven feet to make a ton. The rule for estimating the numwas fixed steadily on the White House that he gains precedence in the marthe expenses of the family, it is said, ket over Pinckney, the buyer for the ber of tons in an ordinary stack is to have jumped from $30,000 to $100,000. White House. Fairbanks has given multipf the length in feet by the width in feet and this by the height to Mrs. Fairbanks now is one of the his man a free hand to stock the panmost popular hostesses in Washing- try with the choicest luxuries, and a point where the stack would be level. This height is sometimes conton, and from the occasional recep- just what this means may be gathered sidered the height of the tions of two years ago has developed from the fact that at two receptions stack. The result divided by 500 will to two forma! affairs a week. nearly 1,000 guests partook of a bufFormerly the Fairbankses lived in a fet supper at which tarrapln, every give a very good measurement of hay, being the number of tons In the modest house at Eighteenth and Mas- kind of shell fish and the finest imstack. Lavis-h-nes-s sachusetts avenues, the rent of which ported wines were served. To estimate the contents of a round is the keynote of the Fairbanks Ml $3,000 a year. Then they had stack, says the Farmer, we multiply only five servants in all. and they establishment, and to her regular enwere without a carriage, hiring a ve- tertainments Mrs. Fairbanks now has the square of the distance around the stack in yards by four times the Now they added frequent and large theater hicle whenever needed. a year for the mansion of height in yards and point off two pay places from the right and this will be the number of cubic yards in the stack, which divided by 20 will equal the number of tons. For in TO HAVE GOVERNMENT stance, a stack measures 20 yards around the bulge and is eight yards PAY CAMPAIGN EXPENSE high, to find the number of tons first square the distance around the bulge aids which would be 400, multiplying this by four times the height eight HAVE the proper and legitimate It la understood that the amount yards, we would have 12,800, pointing TOexpenses of national campaign made available from the public trens off two places from the right making paid from the national treasury for ury would be apportioned among the 128, which, divided by 20 gives 6 the different political parties, and to parties on some such basis as the rel and tons of hay In the stack. permit In presidential campaigns only atlve votes polled at the last preced a closely limited use of money ether ing national election. This would lei Soils for White Oaks. than that drawn from the public in the small parties for their share. White oaks have few side roots, but Politicians regard the scheme as sad) has one long tap root which exfunds, is the striking project nhich the president has In his mind as a I'toplan, but are not at all certain tends far down into the ground. These means of purifying national polities whether it could be defeated if seritrees get most of their food from the and preventing Improper use .if money ously presented In congress by the clay subsoils below. Elms and maples drawn from Improper sources. president. have a number of side roots which There has been much doubt whethThe president has not developed de far out in the surface layer. They er the scheme of publicity, after elec- tails of the plan, and may be conge4 the bulk of their food from the tion, of campaign expendltui a would vinced yet of Its practicability, but surface 12 IncheR of soil. Oaks should be very effective. Practical politi- he has talked of It with much Internever be attempted In very rich soils, cians have protested that it la est, and Is itius far disposed to re nr elms and maples In poor clay soils. the barn after the horse Ik stolen. gard It as more than an impractical It would b" required, of cours J at nil vision. Clay Soils. All clay soil and soils which bePoliticians say that if the Idea money should be carefully accounted come packed easily, need organic mat for, vouchers should be m ids and SflOUld be followed to its logical con ter. To these soils a great deal of n poses elusions It would eventuate in noth carefully audited, and for which it could be used would be ing less than the creation of a great manure should be applied or they limited to .speaking, literature aud or lelectlOB board possessing unlimited should be seeded to some kind of tor corruption. I opportunities grass The grass roots decay and In gAiilssi.cii areata the r mount of organic matter. one-hal- f $l-,0- 00 ex-'en- PATENTS Protect your ideas they may bring you wealth. Patents, Caveats, Trade Marks and Designs quickly obtained. upon application. Free furnished Information Harry J. Robinson ATTORNEY AT LAW AND 102 MERCANTILE BLOCK, SOLICITOR SALT OF PATENTS LAKE CITY, UTAH SECRET OF GOOD MANNERS. Chiefly a Combination of Good Sens and Good Nature. A friend of yours and mine has very justly defined good breeding to be "the result of much good sense, for good nature and a little the sake of others, and with a view to obtain the same Indulgence from them." Taking this for granted as I think It cannot be disputed it is astonishing to me that anybody who has good sense and good nature can essentially fail In good breeding. As to the modes of it, indeed, they vary according to persons, places and circumstances and are only acquired by observation and experience, but the substance of it is everywhere and eternally the same. Good manners are to part lar societies what good morals are to society in general their cement and security. And as laws are enacted to enforce good morals or at least to prevent the 111 effects of bad ones, so there are certain rules of civility, universally Implied and received to enforce good manners and punish bad ones. Chesterfield. self-deni- FATHER OF THE POOR. Queer Charity Seen Every Morning Near Paris Markets. At a certain point of Paris, France, is every morning to be seen an Instance for which it would probably be difficult to find many parallels of that benevolence which combines with money expenditures the elements of personal service. Ar old gentleman, well dressed, presents himself at an hour now well known to those concerned, and there distributes with his own hands 100 large bowls of soup, which he first tastes himself, to as many poor people, who, it need hardly be added, are there waiting for him. Then he withdraws, walks for some distance, and is taken up in a fine motor car, which whisks him rapidly away. "The Father of the Poor" is the only name which can be given to him. near the Halles there J. His Lucky Horse Chestnut. Simpson, who had been arrest- G. ed as an alleged bookmaker, tearfully begged Lieut. Wheeler, after he had been released for want of evidence against him, to return a horse chestnut which the lieutenant had taken from him, says the Philadelphia Ledger. "Please let me have it," he pleaded. "I might just as well try to play the races without money as without that horse chestnut. I can't lose if I carry It." When it was restored to him ha seemed more glad to get it back than he was to obtain his discharge from custody. Seasons and Fashions. Woman's apparel blossoms out in gorgeousness simultaneously with the trees and flowers. Queen. Didn't Concern Him. "Sir," the man said to ths heavy-se- t man who was smoking a long, black cigar and reading a newspaper, "would you allow your boy to smoke cigarettes when he grows up?" "I've never given the question a minute's thought," replied the other. "What! Never nonderpd nn tfc effect upon the constitution, to say nothing of the mind of your son, to allow him to smoke the deadly things?" "Never a thought no. sir." "And will you allow him to drink?" "I have never thought about It." "Oh, can such things be? Are you letting your child grow up in the midst of temptation without speaking a fatherly word to " "Look here, sir! You mean well. suppose, but let me tell you that I've been a confirmed bachelor for the last 20 years." sad-face- d 1 Greatest Horsebavk Ride. The greatest ride on horseback ever done up to his time was done by Cowper Thornhill, Huntingdonshire, R:igland, April 29, 1745, who rode 213 miles in 12 hours and 17 minutes to win a wager of 500 guineas. Germany's Various Rulers. Germany is ruled by one emperor, four kings, six grand dukes, seven princes and one simple count. These sovereigns occupy very different of Importance, even in the eyes of their own Immediate subjects, but In one degree or another they all enjoy the dignities and privileges of kingship, and all have to face some of the responsibilities of state. Every one of them has a capital and a court of his own. Some of the capitals are not very big cities, but the? are all very proud.