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THE TIMES-NEW- NEPUI, UTAH S, EAST JUAB COUNTY NEPHI, county seat of Juab county. Utah, the greatest dry farming section of Utah, owns its own electric light plant, water works an d 1 8 miles paved sidewalks. Two banks, lumber yard, plaster mill, fine ITTT schools and a modern hotel. MUCH IDLE LAND : Home Page of Live Topics Farmer the Department prepared and Housewife, of Agriculture Suggestions for the by specialists in for the people of East Juab County. : : : Short stories about people of prominence in our country t and the consumption of lumber on farms. The manufacturers referred to represent an Invested capital of and enroll 200,000 skilled employees. "We are cutting our timber probably four times as fast as timber Is being grown. It Is useless to decry the generous use which Amerlcau Industry has made of our forests. It has contributed powerfully to the Industrial development and commercial supremacy of the United States. The forestry problem does not result from the liberal use of our forests, but g from our failure to use our land. There is an ample area of laud In this country, which is not tillable, to support all of our Umber requirements, all of our wood manufacturers, all of our home building and agricultural use of lumber,' Indeed, an even larger export trade than at present. If that land can be kept at work growing timber. Reforestation has become a commercial necessity of the United States." $700,-000,0- TO BE UTILIZED 1 Souces of Timber Supply for Chicago Market Exhausted One After Another. FREIGHT BILLS NOW HIGHER Ample Area to Support All Lumber Requirements if Land Could be Kept at Work Growing Varl. , . ous Kinds of Trees. '(Prepared by the United State ment of Agriculture.) Depart- "Reforestation has not been token seriously by the average buslnesss man In the United States," said Col. W. B. Greeley, chief of the forest servof ice. United Stnto Department Agriculture, before the National Association of Wood Turners recently. "Reforestation has been looked upon as a fad quite removed from the practical Interests of the manufacturer "i iln Pi M ,'r J Lfo zfte PUBLIC ? .v,. VCf a Scene in a Forest In the Pacific Northwest. as something more concerned with , parks or shade trees or rose bushes. World's Greatest Lumbe Market. Chicago is the greatest lumber market in the world. Since 1890 an average of over 2,000,000.000 feet of lumber has come into Chicago every year. In 1020 the figure was nearly 2,500,000.000 feet, CO per cent of which went Into local construction and manufacturing Industries. In 1000 the average freight paid on ltim!er coming Into Chicago was less than $3 per M feet Since that time the local sources of supply for this territory have been exhausted one after another. Lumber shipments have traversed greater and greater distances, and the average freight hill paid by the Chicago distributor has steadily risen to more than $12 per M feet. "In other words, the Increased transportation charge on lumher shipments Into Chicago, as a result of the exhaustion of the forest regions surrounding It. represents a toll of $22,500,000 annually. And while this has happened there have accumulated In the Central and Lake states nearly 23,000.000 acres of logged-of- f forest land which !s producing neither farm crops nor timber; $22,500,000 Is the yearly tax which the wood-usinIndustries and home builders, supplied through Chicago, pay for the Idleness of a large part of the soli In the surrounding states which should furnish the natural supply for this district. This sum would plant every year 1,500,000 acres of land with forest trees. "This Illustration may he extended to cover the four states of Illinois, In diana, Wisconsin nnd Michigan. These states consume annually between 4.000,000.000 and B.OOO.000.000 feet of timber In furniture factories, agricuestabltural Implements, lishments and other Sawmills are excluded from this estimate, also the requirements for general construction and housing, g wood-turnin- g DEMAND FOR SMALL Little CAPONS Education Make Fowl of Lighter Breeds Quite Popular. of Matter There Is already a considerable demand for small mature capons. A little mutter of education will make Hie rniin from the smnll variety, when fnt nnd well finished. Just as popular s the hlg heavy eaion from the larger 1 reeds for the very good and simple reason that the small family often Sise a five or capon to better advartnge than I hey con a too or twelve-poun- d one. Give Pig Fair Chance. On many farms in the country the Jiig Is compelled to stand nhusca that would exterminate any other animal. Jlve the pig good clean quarters and Cood nourishing food. Insures 6uccets tv In Poultry. no Hoe. Insure success to any Good feeding, good stock, tareincs. jHtuliry keeper. f - Supply From Demand for Material 'for Manufacture of Linens Continues as Strong as Ever New Methods and Ma. chines Investigated. ment of Agriculture. i. 1 An half pay and his German property 'ment. Since then he had been in quite poor circumstances, living In a small jvllla at Weybridge. Before the war competent Judges pronounced him a naval commander of real genius. It Is sometimes wondered whether, if ha had been retained In command, the .British fleet wouldn't have given a better account of Itself than It did. Depart- The upside-dow- n condition of things In Russia litis produced many unlooked-for results, but none more unexpected to the casual mind than its effect upon the supply of flax fiber. Before the World war Russia proj duced about 80 per cent of the flax fiber used in makiiig linens. This supply was cut off, while the demand for linens continues as strong as ever. In the United States the normal consumption of flax fiber by the spln-- j ning mills, before the war, was about; 10,000 tons a year, most of which was linported. To produce this amount of fiber about 00,000 acres Is required- To help In meeting the situation the United States Department of Agriculture, through the office of fiber Investigations, Is encouraging the production of flax fiber by experimenting His Clan Is Attacked . ft if MORE AMERICAN FLAX IS URGENTLY NEEDED Russia Has Been Greatly Curtailed. William Joseph Simmons of Atlanta, Gu., has his hands full these days defending the new Ku Klux Klau, of which he Is the Imperial wizard. He and his aids have been exceedingly active In extending the organization in many states, and In all parts of the country In which It has taken root it Is being made the object of bitter attacks. Governors and mayors are besought to take steps for its suppression, nnd In some .casjw iney nave augneu tnemseives actively with the foes of the Klan. Especially In the South, the organization Is accused of emulating fhe lawless, and often brutal acts of the notorious Ku Klux Klan which sprang up In reconstruction days. But whereas the older Klun had for Its only victims the negroes, the new organizatlMii seems to give Its attention mainly to whites. LaaaaMBay,--A,.:j Imperial Wizard Simmons, how ever, vigorously defends his Klan against the attacs now made upon It. He; says it does not countenance the acts of those who take the law iu their hands. J ; . A if t r Threshing Flax at the Northern Great Plains Station, Mandan, N. O. with it In new localities. Investigating new methods and machines, and developing Improved strains of the fiber flax which are taller, yield more and better fiber, nnd some of which ar resistant to disease and lodging. It has been shown that better flax Is produced from seed of selected strains than from Imported seed, such as has been used In the past. K (Torts are being made, too, to Increase the) seed of these selections for distrlbu tlon generally. A special survey Is being made this e season to determine the extent of Injury to which flax Is subject, and to procure definite Information needful In devising methods for combating such diseases. About 0,000 acres of fiber flax was grown In the United States In 1020, hut the relatively low price for fiber has resulted In a greatly reduced acre, age In 1021, estimated at 3.000 acres. dls-eas- FRESHENING IN FALL Of all the royalty of Norway, the favorite with the Norwegians Is Crown Ills popularity Is lin. 1'rince Olaf. meuse. He was eighteen years old last July and recently passed the examinations for entrance to the university. He now has the right to attend meetings of the cabinet, but has uo vote. From childhood he has received typically Norwegian training and has developed Into a genuine soi of the country of the vikings, lie Is tall, handsome and an excellent sportsman, having won a number of prizes in ski jumping and suiling contests. In the h n n mi I Norweglau derski jumping by, the Hiilmciikiilli'ii competition, the crown prince Is a regular participant. He attended a private school where he was treated on an equal footing wltli the other pupils, and ho is wholly free from any tendency to v hen lie finishes a cinire hi tin Military Academy of Norway the crown prince will enroll as a student in tiie !i- - hnirnl hikii school at Trondhjem to Ik- - educated as an ciiiliie'r. Helper of Ex - Convicts Production When Prices for Dairy Products Are at High Level. Kvery year tliiiniul of men and W'lincii. who have committed crime, Milk cows bred to freshen In th have been arrested, tried and confall mean maximum production when victed. :ni"l have wrved terms behind butter, butterfat and milk prices are the hnr, are released from prlxon and better than they are In the summer. It then, desiring to return to liven ,f " also, transfers the big Job of milking, honesty nnd usefulness, know not and the for tlm milk, Vthl h vvny to turn. handling caring calves to a time when the farmer Is are informed If then" least busy. Help Is easier to obtain and wise, they quickly limit up the during the fall and winter and more lien rest branch of the Ite-lltime Is available lo devote to cows. which was founded about soiiety, Cows freshening In the fall enn be fed Seven esrs ago by one ho had hlm-scgrain and made to produce better than "done time." they do In summer. Tlie sei retsry of (he nrgiinixntlon. n Mrs. S. II. Miinfyre, who is a If Tools Could Talk. crlinlnolofist, says thnt In the Nobody ever heard a farm tool say City of Washington alone tli society a word, and yet .every one of theio has In placed tH hss Its story to tell of the r ha racier One of them, formerly a safeIf, owns of the niiiti who cracker. Is the trusted and rcsiwcfed In all cashier of a large corjM,n,tion. Excessive Fatness Bad. the society hns helped over TrfJ.OtiO Excessive falne lends to a Sim men and oiiir, anl it also has liM.ked after tl,e fiimllles of ninny prisoners, sustaiidng ihelr courage nnd pension of egg prniliirilmi aml redi Hmxes to certain kind of lixc:ise. smothering Ideas f Injustice and revenge It Mesns Maximum (: I'rl-oii.- lf well-know- misI-tlon- n. : .""A Be to L. in Ml Capital Japan and China, not to mention the representatives of the United States, will be assembled here to discuss topics of vital interest not alone to the nations, but to the entire world. The representatives of the sovereign governments, accustomed to the pomp and ceremony of the Old World, will naturally regard with interest the formal arrangements for the conference in the great capital of the New World.. When each delegation reaches this country it will be met at the port of entry by the accredited representatives of this government, who will escort the delegates to Washington and see to it that the way is made easy for them. Upon arrival at the Union station here each foreign delegation will be received in the presidential reception room at the station. Secretary of State Hughes, corresponding to th prime minister of the foreign governments, it is expected, will be present to welcome the delegates.. Think More of Garages Than of Homes of Labor Davis snid by his department showed that there were more homes built for automobiles than for families in 1020. Mr. Davis was a bit surprised nt this discovery, but when a check was put on the figures they were found correct. It also was discovered that more moving-pictur- e houses were built than churches and schools combined. "It would seem to me," said Mr. Davis, "that we are more interested In housing automobiles than lu housing ourselves. I am informed by Stewart, commissioner of labor statistics, that iu 1!H5 cities with over 30,000 population from which returns were received, $1,204,4!M 1,764 was expended in building construction for SECRETARY Kth-elbe- rt 1920. "The population of these 10fi cities was 34,572,004, or 32.7 per cent of the total population of the United States. There were (iS,a-1houses constructed at a cost of $290, 124,005. or 24.0 per cent of the total amount of money spent in all kinds of building. There were only 5,402 liouses built, but while in all the one and provided for 74.039 homes there were 98,121 garages built. "There were "40 moving picture and one-famil- y two-famil- y "Universities" other amusement plnces built in these-citieduring the year, at a cost of or considernlly"niore than the cost of churches and hospitals com bined ; and while these cities con- structed 547 sclioolhouses, their cost, $50,023,140. was but little more thn half the money spent on garages. "The importance of these figures from a social point of view is that they show that building construction for the purpose of housing families lag far behind the current Increase In the demand for house. If we apply the marriage rate that obtained in 19HS to the population of these 190 cities, we find that iu 1920 302.7S5 marriages, took place lu the cities considered. If only half of the murried couples seek homes to themselves, we are building not more than half of the accommodn-lion- s required." $40,-522,2- to Aid All Norway Loves Olaf - COWS Greatest The ninriuls of MHford Haven, formerly known as Prince Louis of Battenberg, who tiled suddenly the other day, had Just been promoted to be admiral of the fleet, a tardy recog nition of his greet work In preparing the British fleet for war, and his mas-- ; terly strategical disposition of It when the conflict with Germany began.' Soon after his achievement a cam- -' palgn was started against him in thej admiralty, in which he wm first seaj lord, on account of his German origin; it was taken up by the Jingo press Washington and and his dismissal was demanded. But WASHINGTON. promised an enthe public attacks were the least part" tirely new experience when the of his punishment for his offense. He? great international conference on limreceived a thousand anonymous et- -, itation of armaments and the problems ters of the foulest description, from) of the Pacific meets here In November. his British fellow subjects In return A spectacle, irrespective of the results for his services, and finally Winston of the conference, will be unfvlded here such as has never before been Churchill, then first lord of the admiralty, reluctantly accepted his resi witnessed in the New World. The representatives of five great nalgnatioti. Battenberg was placed on was confiscated by the German govern-- , tions, Greut Britain, France, Italy. i '-- : pass through Nephi. SIDELIGHTS World's I railroads EYE mSHINGTON Admiral of the Fleet forest-growin- Prepared ' by the United States M invites the stranger within its gates to investigate the possibilities afforded here before going elsewhere. The famous Levan ridge is known throughout the world. Two United States vocational situated advantageously In the Kitst, Middle West, Sonlli, and on the 1'aclflc coast are to be operated In the near future for the bene, fit of former service men, who are vocationally handicapped. Announcement of tills plan was made by Charles R. Forbes, director of the veteran relief bureau, who contemplates using cantonment sites for the schools as suggested by I'resldent Harding. The courses In the government universities are to consist of agriculture, elementary and academic science and trades. "These great vocational universities," said Colonel Forbes, "will rehabilitate the vocationally handicaped service man In the proper manner. FOUR Service Men The proposed training will make hint a real useful citizen, and upon completion of his course he will be able to go out Into the world and command a living wage. "It Is my plan to establish fj!r vocational universities. These universities will properly house the men, prow erly provide them with the rigid kind of subsistence anil permit men with fsmliies to have their families at tb university. "Cottages will lie built to care fop them. They will bo put In training, which will be beneficial not only to their health, hut to their mind as well, and upon completion of their course-thewill be useful." At the present time there are approximately IM.000 men taking vocational training. Of lids number more Ihnn 40,(HH) are engaged in the training of some of the tnides. The present plan calls for the establishment of in classes masonry, architecture, plumbing, printing, engraving, bookbinding, electrical work, carpentry and steamfitting. as well as courses along agricultural lines, such us horticulture, animal husbandry, dairying, cheese and cream making, forestry and im- Par lines. Government Country's Biggest Renter "T be "D renter; own your M own home !" "Don't be a tenant fanner; get a farm of your own !" Meanwhile, the biggest renter In the United States Is the United States government! . almiiNt every city, village and hamlet in the United Slates, and In In tiiuliy places abroad, the government Is pouring streams of taxpayers' money Into landlords' mi ki ts. The iH'partmclit of Agriculture Itself Is tenting scores of substations, experimental stations and Inspections headquarters. The I'osloWler department Is renting iotofili-cand piwttil substation. The War and Navy depart incuts maintain rented recruiting stations In every clly of lnisirtance. The Department of Ijilmr rents olllce space In the larger cities. Other cmiflrined renters ore the the Public Treasury department, Health department and the bureau of Indian alTnlrs. In New York cllj. where the govern- s ment owns u federal building, separate otlice government department are iniilnliiliied In renteii quarters In no less than twenty different buildings On every rented building or section of a building the government has lo pt.y rem uveruging every year about 1 per cent of Hie value of the building or section. The government can Ismic hujldlnir bimils with u maximum Interest of ft per cent and find plenty .f fitiiincicm eager to take ihem np. Within a few years the ncecsMnry Issue could lie retired wlih the xuving on rents.