|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
THE LEW SUN. LEHI. UTAH WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS By Edward C. Wayne Vote in Senate Holds Key to Decision On Extent of U. S. Plans to Aid British; Auto Plants Adopt 'AlOut' Schedules In Drive to Boost Defense Production (EDITOR'S NOTE When opinion are ipreei In (hue column, they are (hone of In now analjil and not oceecaarily ( this nwpaper.) f Released by Western Newspaper NATIONAL DEBATE: Americas Role A state which, In the epoch ot race poisoning, dedicates itself to cherishing its best racial elements ele-ments must some day be master of the world. Let the adherents of our movement never forget this. Closing words of Adolf Hitler's "Mem Kampf." In the historic halls where Clay and Webster debated, where an empire em-pire was planned by the winning of the West, where Woodrow Wilson pledged "our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor" in the cause of democracy, another crisis of America Is being weighed in the balance. Congress is considering what will be the results of a policy of unrestricted unre-stricted help to Great Britain In her moment of travail with German might. President Roosevelt asked for unprecedented un-precedented powers to deal with the situation, powers which will make this nation an economic ally, if not a belligerent one, with the last outpost out-post against authoritative government govern-ment in Europe. His bill would permit per-mit him to lease or lend England, without further congressional consultation, con-sultation, all material aid in the way of munitions and supplies. It is admitted ad-mitted generally that these supplies, If they can be manufactured and arrive ar-rive in time, will be the only way in which Britain can hold out. Even with them, Britain is given but a 60-50 chance. Even the inaugural ceremonies which placed Mr. Roosevelt in office of-fice for the third term lacked the usual gaiety due to the somber effects ef-fects of the hour. The battle al- 'f ' " i ' ' '.: ' ; , i ... 1 " 5 ' ' : ? t . ; N If V HEP. T1NKI1AM AND REP. FISU They "bellowed" opposition. ready had begun in the house. Cabinet Cab-inet members told legislators that a crushing blow will be started by the Axis powers within 60 or 90 days As an echo, came word from Berlin and Rome confirming this predic tion. Opposition But there was no sign of quick agreement. Isolationists, including Representative Fish (R., N. Y.) and Tinkham (R., Mass.) bellowed their opposition. The bearded Massachusetts congressman shook his finger at Secretaries Knox, Stim- son and Morgenthau and challenged them to prove that if Britain falls the United States will be attacked Isolationist views are that an America of 130,000,000 people can . stand alone; that Hitler and Japan would be ready to do business on just as good terms with us as would a victorious Britain; that all-out aid to Britain will only create vast taxes and vast debt They feel the United States should mind its own business. The President's view, and apparently appar-ently the view of a majority in both houses, is that the United States already al-ready stands warned by both Japan and Hitler that in an Axis-controlled world a democracy cannot hope to exist; that if England goes down unaided she will line up with America's Amer-ica's enemies to add to its confusion. confu-sion. With combined powers of 800,000,-000 800,000,-000 people opposing our 130,000,000, Germany would control export that would jeopardize the living power of 3,000,000 U. S. cotton growers and 1,000,000 U. S. wheat exporters. The combined navies of a defeated England Eng-land and ihe Axis powers would exceed ex-ceed ours by three times, and the ship building capacity would be six times that of the United States. Senate Is Key Administration defense leaders say the power is needed at once, that every day lost is an opportunity opportu-nity lost But they despair of having hav-ing the bill passed before March I, if then." They recall that conscription, conscrip-tion, for America's own defense, was debated almost six months and the program delayed a year, due to the approach of winter and inability to send men to camp because barracks bar-racks were delayed until selective service was voted. PRODUCTION: All-Out Schedule The National Automobile Manufacturers Manu-facturers association has decided it will not hold its national show in New York this year. The industry is too busy with defense production. New models will come oft the assembly as-sembly lines as usual, but the yearly year-ly exhibits at the Grand Central Palace Pal-ace won't be held and neither will exhibits elsewhere, except in distributors' dis-tributors' own show rooms. Strikes in Isolated sections cut somewhat into production, although the department of labor said that such stoppages were only a fraction r fit A S. ! 15 ni t,3 4 V ! ARE BICISTERED m WASHINGTON, D. C.-Ilere is the new defense poster, printed in patriotic colors, which will be displayed by manufacturers after they have complied with instructions in connection with "Preparedness Through Production" week. Governors of more than a score of industrial states have proclaimed their willingness to co-operate with the defense commission and the National Association of Manufacturers by urging all manufacturers to register their facilities fa-cilities for defense production. as compared to those during the war effort in 1917. One stoppage was at the Saginaw, Mich., plant of the Eaton Manufacturing company, where airplane parts are being made. It was called by the C. I. O. Automobile Workers who charged the firm refused to hire 300 men under an agreement signed last December De-cember after another strike. James F. Dewey, federal labor .mediator, speeded. to the scene in a hurry. He said he would take drastic steps if the plant was not in operation within 24 hours. The strike ended within that period. In San Diego, Calif., a strike was threatened at the plant of the Ryan Aeronautical company. State draft headquarters issued a statement that men who went on strike would be considered by draft boards to have no employment and therefore no longer exempted from the selective selec-tive service act as defense workers. work-ers. The ruling stood less than 24 hours. Brig. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, acting federal director of the law, revoked it Meanwhile Sidney Hillman, C.I.O. vice president and assistant director of the Office of Production Management Manage-ment was ill in a Baltimore hospital. hos-pital. It is Mr. Hillman's job to handle labor problems in the defense de-fense effort and Washington was anxious over his condition and hoped for his speedy return. CONFERENCES: Miles Apart Miles apart in spirit and purpose were two conferences. In Washington Washing-ton met President Roosevelt and Wendell Willkie, who opposed him as the 1940 Republican candidate. They came together, agreed in advance ad-vance that all aid must be given Britain to defeat Germany. They sought a formula to battle for that objective. In Germany, Hitler and Mussolini met The place of their conferences was kept a secret except that it was in Germany, and all telephones out of the Reich were closed down to prevent the knowledge getting about It was a subtle compliment to the British air force. Previously when the two Axis partners met to discuss war plans, it was at Brenner pass, on the border bor-der of the two countries. This time Mussolini went to Hitler. There also was a subtle difference there, n Duce had started out on a war of his own, took a licking on several fronts and required help to extract him from the situation which resulted. Hitler was giving Italy such help. probably more than was desired. Not only did Hitler send troops, airplanes, air-planes, tanks and soldiers. He also sent economic experts, another subtle point since economic experts always follow the German army into occupied territory to take over its economic life. What transpired at the conference wasn't made public in detail. Announcements An-nouncements merely said the two leaders had made plans for the 1941 putsch on England. It was anyone's guess who made the plans ana who gave the orders. TRENDS . . . C President Roosevelt is reported report-ed interested in a plan for pooling pool-ing state reserves of the unemployment un-employment insurance system. Some states are building reserves far above needs, while others have Inadequate funds. C. Surveying the municipal bond market for the past 12 months, Barcus, Kindred fc Co., Chicago, found an increase of $70,245,400 in the volume of state and municipal mu-nicipal financing last year compared com-pared with the year before. The 1940 total was $1,168,849,865, compared com-pared with $1,098,604,265 the year before. The rising trend was most pronounced in the closing months of the year. CFarm groups are suggesting that the United States demand of Great Britain a statement of its coming food needs, and that the administration propose a good quota of these be filled by American orders in proportion to the amount of defense materials allowed. IN THE ARMY: Yard Birds Slang changes in the army as well as in civil life. Many veterans of the World war getting back Into camp today would hardly know what some of the men were talking about. For instance, in 1917 a new recruit was a "rookie," today he is a "yard bird." The army is anticipating many new "yard birds." Some of them bear names widely known fn civil life. Others drew attention due to the methods of their arrival In the first class was Daniel R. Topping, millionaire owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers and husband of skater-actress Sonja Henie. He has a low draft number and was classified classi-fied for immediate duty, although married. Said Topping: "My wife Lis scarcely dependent upon my in come." In somewhat the same situation situ-ation was Yehudi Menuhin, world famous, violinist also ' married. A California board ruled his wife, the former Nola Nicholas of Austria, Aus-tria, has an independent income and Menuhin had acquired wealth through his musical genius which would provide for her. He asked for no exemption and received none. But he was given a 90-day leave in order to complete a planned South American tour. Arthur Victory Christman, 22, was a "yard bird." He was born at 11 a. m. November 11, 1918, in New York. A draft board in New Jersey Jer-sey sent him to camp. Wendell Grove, 26, a baritone horn player, read that the Third Infantry band at Fort Snelling needed his type of musician. He tried to enlist en-list and was turned down because he is married. The next day he appeared ap-peared at the recruiting office with a note which read: "I hereby certify cer-tify that I have no objection to my husband entering the army for a year. Signed Mrs. Wendell Grove." He's a "yard bird" now. Frank B. Thompson, 45, president of the $5,000,000 Glenmore Distilleries, Distil-leries, got a leave of absence and 1 ft v i ? s If,' i ; - - t x ' 1 -tf ..ji4L&,,.s WINTHROP ROCKEFELLER, son of John D. Rockefeller r oil tycoon, is pictured here as he was inducted into the army by a Selective Service board in New York city. He' a "yard-bird" "yard-bird" now. joined the Kentucky National Guard as a private, although he served in the World war as a lieutenant The following day he was taken out of the ranks and made captain of the company in which he enlisted. Leopold Stokowski, conductor of the Philadelphia orchestra and movie producer, is a special kind of "yard bird." He will devote three days a week to directing the Third Coast Artillery band at San Pedro, Calif. MISCELLANY: HHow the army has grown! Now there are more civilians employed by the army than there were soldiers sol-diers in the entire military establishment estab-lishment a year ago. The war department de-partment announced that use of civilians ci-vilians in non-military work is a definite def-inite policy and that 180,000 are now so employed. ft Declaration that a radio station "cannot be an advocate" but must represent all sides of public information infor-mation "without bias" was made by the Federal Communications commission. com-mission. The commission rebuked station WAAB of Boston for deviating deviat-ing from this policy, but renewed its license because it said the owner had pledged "not to color or editorialize" edi-torialize" news in the future, ft In the midst of the inaugural excitement a daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Corcoran, once high on the staff of New Deal advisors. So This Is Jail! jllMW J L 1 .irCnV.nn.nniin s&WJm Tl. tisin.nl t hnrnnv dPDartment of the venitentiary of the l If Mill UIJ KUIINLI i ( f? .. ... - . f . . I l, I y- v r i h a mnrorini uxi'iL hi v u iaui wute itiui vi w j f r r kuucma M4 cr-r i City w I'm vault. ""' i - . . junkpile. These photos show you the behind-the-bars artists at work. ' . .... . . s:. .. .... x .... .. i t . t A : I "A ,3 . Good "badmen." Two inmates are working on a textile print here. The cloth is salvaged from wornout bed sheets, and the cuts were made from scrap pieces of linoleum. i i r i' Mi W sfcy1 Wn- ifSJ t it .i-..sss&i tea, Above: There are 6,000 burnt matches in this house, which is completely complete-ly furnished. Windows are "glazed' with cello-phane cello-phane from cigarette packs. The patience and industry displayed by this man indicate a change of heart. Right: This man not only does the actual manual man-ual work of making hooked rugs, but also creates cre-ates the designs and color schemes. His materials are burlap from old sacks and wool unraveled from old tochs. He dyes his mate-Hals mate-Hals to the tint needed. X ; K"" It , V I v t ! ..A .,4- T 9 nil.; -r;- t.rt,f 11MSS 114 LJ a s .-. i i i General view of one of the classrooms of the occupational therapy ther-apy department. It looks like a typical classroom in typical art school. Solomon S. Dameshek, WPA artist who supervises the work, looks over the project of one of his pupils who is making a hooked rug. Other students are plaster casting or working on leather. , ITIa x v- V " d?- i CONVOYS FOB SHIPS TO BRITAIN WASHINGTON. Advisers who have talked to the President during the last four months say that he has gone through a significant transition tran-sition regarding aid to Britain, also regarding a more aggressive policy toward Japan. Last August for instance, Secretaries Sec-retaries Stimson, Knox and Morgenthau, Morgen-thau, who have strong influence on international policy, wanted Roosevelt Roose-velt to bar all oil shipments to Japan. Ja-pan. But the state department persuaded per-suaded Roosevelt to the contrary. Several months later, when the duke of Windsor flew to visit Roosevelt Roose-velt during his Caribbean cruise, the duke put up to him the desperate plight of British shipping and asked for American naval convoys to protect pro-tect British ships across the Atlantic Atlan-tic To this the President gave an emphatic No. It was at approximately the same time that the late Lord Lothian came back from England and submitted sub-mitted a list of the naval vessels Britain would need to maintain her lifeline of supplies from the U. S. A. The list included not only destroyers, destroy-ers, but four cruisers of the Omaha class. Lord Lothian did not actually ask for these ships. He merely listed the vessels which Britain desperately desper-ately needed. But Roosevelt continued contin-ued to shy away from the idea of convoying British ships with U. S. naval vessels. Later certain White House advisers, advis-ers, including such powerful figures as Secretaries Knox and Stimson, pointed out that the British navy had lost a terrific toll of men, did not even have enough seamen to man the American over-age destroyers. destroy-ers. What Britain needed was ships manned by the U. S. navy. The British picture was also made depressing by the difficulty of finishing fin-ishing work on vessels in British shipyards. Two battleships of the King George class were launched last spring, but since then no ship of any importance has come off the ways. Reason is that the bombardment bombard-ment of Britain began in earnest last summer, and shipyards have been one of the main targets. Since the yards are exposed, they have suffered suf-fered much more than factories. As a result ships have been bombed, patched up, then bombed again. Another development is that within with-in the last 10 days in the Mediterranean, Mediter-ranean, where the British have lost the equivalent of seven ships. The Southampton was sunk, the Illustrious Illustri-ous was put out of commission, and five others damaged so badly that repairs will take two or three months. Repairs are difficult in the Mediterranean, because Malta is under constant bombardment and the naval base at Gibraltar is small. Meanwhile, German " bombers, realizing that the strength of the British fleet in the Mediterranean is the key to victory, have taken over Italian bases and are raining destruction on the royal navy. It was the succession of these developments de-velopments which began to change Roosevelt's mind about U. S. naval convoys for British shipping. Note No commitments have been given the British, and no policy has been definitely decided for convoying convoy-ing British ships. But advisers believe be-lieve the President will adopt such a policy if permitted by congress. SCURRILOUS LITERATURE Sensational feature of the forthcoming forth-coming report of the senate campaign cam-paign fund investigating committee will be an expose of scurrilous literature lit-erature disseminated in last year's hectic presidential battle. A 500-page 500-page "scrapbook" of exhibits has been assembled by Harold Buckles, committee investigator, from all over the country. While partisans of both candidates resorted to this type of literature, more than 80 per cent of Buckles' collection is anti-Roosevelt Also, of 468 typical exhibits, one-half are wholly anonymous or only vaguely identified. The committee lists 135 such groups, of which 111 were pro-Will-kie and 22 pro-Roosevelt. Only six of the 135 filed reports of their contributions con-tributions and expenditures with the clerk of the house. This failure to report is a violation of the law and carries heavy penalties. Dominant theme of the scurrilous literature is racial and religious prejudice. More than 60 per cent of the committee's exhibits harp on this, 10 per cent played up the war issue, and 15 per cent leveled foul personal attacks on the candidates. Note Committee investigators are of the private opinion that not less than $10,000,000 was spent for this material. MERRY-GO-ROUNp Sam Pryor, ball-bearing-tongued national committeeman from Connecticut Con-necticut is pushing lame-duck Governor Gov-ernor Baldwin as successor to National Na-tional Chairman Joe Martin. Some time ago Pryor had his own ambitions ambi-tions for the job, but was stopped dead by a blunt warning from mid-western mid-western leaders. Franklin Field is a famous football foot-ball gridiron; also the name of a man who urges more Good Neigh-borliness Neigh-borliness througn private aviation. MSB FASY L in- :.OU6.wa the m Of this .:. , "'B Clt oval shape. UU1 Pans H Z9208. 15c, bring, th. a , 1 24 by 34 size on . hM desl?B wffl stamp tooaur,bttlajns!' several Inexpensive tmST T ' each order. Send'o" AUNT MARTHA I Box 166-W I --oavf ii;y Enclose IS MU for each desired. Pattera No Name Address ., "" id i Migrating Birdsf - According to the bureau I logical survey, few birds fly higher than 3,000 f J occasinally do theyl 5,000 feet. Most birds like ( beneath the clouds, and the jonty of the species migrate height below 1,000 feet fi weather they may fly much, as evidenced by the number strike against lighthouses aaj buildings. Birds have, of been seen at much higher tudes, but these records a tablished in mountainous cob where the birds fly a compar, ly short distance above the The bureau explains that m ing birds fly at low rather high altitudes by the fact tin lessened buoyancy of air at heights makes flying difficult 5 Uitf ir.l . irac u Hi :Sf rads :port :a Die AVIATION TRAIN! Attend O.I.T. Learn Aviation (Gove certificated courses). Radio, Auta Diesel, Machine-Shop, Body-Fender, ing. Free booklet. Address: Snpervm fen Institute et Technology, Portia Hard and Soft Livik Poverty is very terrible, sometimes kills the very seal in us; but it is the north wis lashes men into Vikings; it J soft, luscious south wind s lulls them to lotus dreams.-C Beware Coagt from common colds That Hang Creomulslon relieves prompt cause it goes right to the seat i trouble to help loosen and ) germ laden phlegm, and aid J to soothe and heal raw, tepcu flamed bronchial mucous t, branes. Tell your druggist to a bottle of Creomulsion with a derstanding you must like the 1 quickly allays the cough or yl, to have your money back, j CREOMULSIC for Coughs, Chest Colds, Bro Without Virtue We do not despise all thof have vices, but we despl those who have not a single 1 La Rochefoucauld. "IF MORE OLD PEC would use. ADLERIKA flw feel better. I'm 70 and have, on hand for 14 year. (M Dak.) For QUICK bowel acfej relief from bloating pJ. H tfDTVA tnAav. I AT YOUR DRUG STOl iaid That idffl i ' : 1 Acre lalso Pall UrHi ipresi agent ad be itbinj 3t " tilth s tal : aboii tiflSO nr. y coot lalte: ausquc Brevir, bee bitted! plied ratten, SEW I Joe Walt ikichl be H ; usual ;i perce i to hi ! i raraatis em S8 a wee at is I ie authi rati ieaL Uttan It plac a parr you ei i mat teterj itiskei it . . 'S..wl '4 bam net i with r-the jitaej 'It hair WNU W rMt tat t Laos The most completely m .v i ,i,ih ones days is wai vu laughed. unarruui . Jf 1 l tf f ar i . a m. i a i j. iiri"ikiw MayV-mofH 3 ... , . l-rioO 1 Modern and other impsntu ir" J blood. M-j!ii H leg pains, UMt.H tired. rvoa,ll"02JOfief times buming, . I urination. poeJij Try Doen'f 'feSH Hdney to pf V mended by J"". I Xji row mngAw" ashier. away f terrific icic i'l no: Nway ; whi ilsGrei ;the d iaatta: -iliei F cle; 'Jem? Mass ;san at Joyce i Etl "Youl, "You Seal" pa thei fingto eatwi feath, that!" :expe, Hi ."thi 'I hou a tea t .1 ., If rtfae !