THE NEW INQUISITION. The disciples of Ignatius Loyola, by torturing, mangling and burning the bodies of "heretics,'' made themselves a name execrated by erery cmlized nation. na-tion. And when indignant and outraged peoples, maddened by centuries of the most terrible wrongs perpetrated upon unoffending men and women, hurled down the rampant power of the Jesuits Jes-uits and laid bare the damning secrets of the Inquisition, the civilized wjrld rejoiced at the or rthrow of the monstrous mon-strous iniquity. The Inquisition did not wait for its victims to openly renounce re-nounce the Catholic faith ; secret insinuations insin-uations against a suspected heretic were sufficient to set the "familiars" in motion, when the information sought was extracted by "coufession," and the miserable disbeliever in the "charitable faith" of the Jesuits paid the dread penalty of exercising the right of belief, be-lief, with forfeiture of life accompanied with the most fiendish tortures, while the cupidity of the murderers seized upon the property of their victim. But the Inquisition was overthrown. The "old world" would not, could not, longer bear its enormities, and the people peo-ple rising in their majesty trampled it in the mire of iges and flung its hated eareass to the vultures that had fattened fat-tened on its victims. But a new inquisition raises its horrid hor-rid front. Not in bigotted and besotted Spain or the pontifical Koine of a few weeks ago. This time it shows itself in free America, and in the great and growing grow-ing west,where it was supposed freedom had taken up her permanant abode. This time law and religion are combined, com-bined, or contorted law is made the handmtid of political and religious fanaticism, and the Federal Courts are the instruments for effecting its purposes. The refusal of Chief Justice Jus-tice McKean, on Thursday, to naturalize natural-ize IVm. Horsley, is not the only attempt at-tempt of the kind his Honor has made. A few days previously, as a press telegram tele-gram to the papers east and west informs in-forms us, he refused to naturalize a man named Sanborg, because that individual in-dividual believed in the righteousness of polygamy, although he had never practised it, asd had only one wife. John Titus, wheu Chief Justice of this Territory, a man who avowed himself bitterly opposed to llormonism and the Mormons, persistently refused to naturalize polygauiLts, and invariably aked an applicant for citizenship if he were a polygamist. But Chief Justice McKean steps away beyond this, and refuses to naturalize a man who simply believes it; who may have read his Bible, on which the jurisprudence of Christendom is supposed to be founded, found-ed, and believing it, finds it there recorded re-corded that many good men, honored of their Creator, had not only believed but practised the principle: and who may have thought there was no wrong in viewing as a righteous principle what many holy men in the past have so Yiewtd. "But JudgeMeKean is prepared to go still further than even this. He demands de-mands that the secret thoughts of the applicant shall be laid bare before him; and here is where the refinement of the inquisition is displayed, and where the parallel between the new inquisition inquisi-tion and the old one begins to show itself. It is not necessary that a man should practically endorse the principle prin-ciple ; it is not even necessary that he should avow his belief in it ; all that is requisite is that he should decline to aesept the Chief Justice as a Father Confessor, whether he believes the principle or not, and the torture begins be-gins for is it not torture to a free man to be denied the right of citizenship citizen-ship under a free government because he will not lay bare his soul before the inquisitorial demands of a fellow-mortal fellow-mortal ? Is it not torture to a refined miud to be branded as a criminal by implication, because he chooses to preserve pre-serve the dignity of his manhood by declining to reply to uncalled-for and unnecessary questions ? A principle of law is that every man is innocent until proved guilty: but this is not condemning on proof, it is condemning for lack of proof; and invades in-vades another principle of law, by demanding de-manding with inquisitorial search that the supposed guilty party shall furni.-h the evidence to criminate himself. As it is supposed that all .Mormons believe be-lieve in polygamy, whether they practice prac-tice it or not, the presumption is well sustained that the object of the Chief Justice and his Associates of the Supreme Su-preme Court, who R'ill undoubtedly eize at this with eagerness, is In prevent pre-vent all .Mormons who arc aliens from becoming citizens. Can any person .see a political dcnicn in tin-? and see proof of another portion of the groat scheme to rob the people t.f this Territory Terri-tory of their constitutional riulits, destroy des-troy the principles ui.' republicanism in th Territory, and make (he people the abjeet slaves of their would-be autocratic au-tocratic masters; or have them dra gooned and driven, that their properly might become thy, prey of their enc-mie-i Hlid the "ring"