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TT-T- MOTOR CAI) HELD Oil STEEP GRADE Engine Going Dead on Mountain Side Permits Automobile to Slide Backwards.! . ' 1 INVENTION OF OREGON MAN Points Dig Into Sharp, Ground and Hold Car in Place Until EngTne Can Be Started Again Danger Eliminated. Tooth-Lik- e Many deaths have occurred In mountain touring due to the engine going dead while on a steep grade because of the drivers attempt to go up In a higher gear than he should. When the engine stops, the car slides backwards and in many cases goes over the edge of the road if the brakes are not in the best possible condition and the driver does not apply them without losing his head. Built along lines very similar to the harrow used bjt farmers and drawn over plowed land to level it and break the clods, the novel, brake device shown in the accompanying illustra- - MAMMOTH RECORD. MAMMOTH CITY, UTAH BOOST GOOD ROADS PROGRAM it . WOULD EXTEIID i American Automobile Association Will Geek to Help Development of Highways. - National, state and county highway development along sound economic lines will be emphasized in a greater degree than ever before by the Ameran ican Automobile association, nounces George C. Diehl, chairman of its good roads board. J. E. Pennybacker, chief of management of the federal bureau of public roads, and generally recognized as the foremost authority on good road management, has resigned his post to become director of ronds for the association. Mr. Pennybacker originated and edited the Good Roads Year Book, and was adviser to the joint committee on federal aid in post roads of the senate and house of representatives before taking charge of the management branch of the federal road bureau The federal aid road act Is a milestone bn the way, but only" a milestone, declared Mr. Diehl. Ultimately there will comera national system or highways correlated with state systems and these in turn with country systems. There will be difficult problems (pf finance, of administration, and of traffic regulations to he solved. In these questions thd Sir million motor-vehicl- e owners should take an active part, for these "are questions that must be settled right and in accordance with intelligent public Opinion. The A. A. A.'good roads board will actively seek to sound the best sentiment on these subjects and to bring to light the best thought in their working out. OF ALL FOOD That, and Provision of Penalties for Profiteering, Advocated by the President. TO In Multitudinous Brain Fag. dont mean to tell me you ever iloubt the wisdom of the majority? Well, responded Senator Sorghum with deliberation, "what is a majority? In many instances it is only a large number of people who have got tired out trying to think for themselves and have decided to accept somebody elses , opinion. NOT Quite So. Somebody said there was a s painter aboard the boat. He Of course there is. She Do let me see him work. Is he one of those camouflage artists Address to Congress the Chief Executive Makes Assertion That We, Are Dealing With Very Criti- cal and Difficult Matters." ,i tic-ca-n the persuasive force of which I am capable the legislative measures which would be most effective in controlling it and bringing It down. The prices the people of this country are paying for everything that it is necessary for them to use In order to live are not justified by a shortage in supply, either present or prospective, and are in many cases artificially and deliberately created by vicious practices which ought immediately to be checked by law The Way. This writer in describing a fire Bays the flames ran along at a rapid rate. What sort of a path do you suppose they ran in? guess it was a cinder path. UNIFORM food-contr- ol , She J FORCE SALE OF SURPLUS congress Washington. Addressing and proposing remedies to check the high cost of living, President Wilson declared existing laws were inadequate and high prices were not justified by shortage of supplies, present or prospective, but were created in many cases artificially and deliberately by vicious practices. He spoke practically as follows: Gentlemen of the Congress: I have sought this opportunity to address you because it is clearly my duty to call your attention to the present cost of living and to urge upon you with all You -- DISTRIBUTION WAR CONTROL .I Profiteers Lawbreakers. Some of the methods by which these Nothing to Fear. are produced are already illegal, Visitor Oh, I stepped on thnt mans prices some of them criminal, and those who foot ! employ them will be energetically proStudio Manager Never mind. That ceeded against. But others have not yet (Prepared by the United States Departbeen brought under the law, and should ment of Agriculture ) wasnt the star; it was only the presi- be dealt with at once by legislation. the The total road mileage of dent of the company. Film Fun. With the Increase in the prices of the United States outside incorporated necessaries of life come demands for increases In wages demands which are towns and cities is 'about 2,456,000 Cruel Surmise. . , justified if there be no other means of miles. With a total registration of Why has Jinks that string tied enabling men to live. "vehicles motor there his around was, 6,140,617 Upon the Increase of wages there folfinger? From all I hear, I guess It is his lows close an increase In the price of the Jherefore, an average of 2.5 'motor-tarproducts whose producers have been acfor every mile of public road iii wifes apron string. corded the increase not a proportionate the United States. The distribution, Increase, for the manufacturer does not content himself with that, but an inof enrsamnng the several states. hflW-crease considerably greater than the ever, Is far from uniform. Thus, Neadded wage cost and for which the added PROFITEER vada has but two cars to every three cost is oftentimes hardly more than wage ING. an excuse. miles of road, while Rhode Island has who do not get an increase The laborers Ten thousand 16 cars to each mile of rural road. In pay when they demand it are likely aeroan for averwas an while there Furthermore, to strike, and the strike only makes matplane ters worse. age of one motorcar registration for more Or than It checks production; If It affects the every 16 persons in the United States, is railways it prevents distribution and in the states of California and Nestrips the markets; so that there is presspent. braska there was one car ior every ently nothing to buy, and there is another Which is a lot excessive addition to prices resulting from seven persons, and one car for every considering i the scarcity. eight persons in Iowa and South Dax make They Conditions Not Natural. kota, but only one car for every 51 them for are facts and forces with which These ascent. persons In Alabama, every 46 in Louiswe have become only too familiar; but . f Sve are not justified because of our famil- ' i iana, or every 42 persons in Arkansas. lanty with them or because of any hasty and shallow conclusion that they are "natural and Inevitable, In sitting InacHard Luck. FIRST SUPER SCOOTER SEEN tively by and letting them work their faLifes hardest fate is this 'un: tal results if there is anything that we ; When arguments expand ' , Primitive Motor Car, Called "Buck-board- , can do to check, correct or reverse them. The more you try to listen We must, I think, frankly admit that Driven by Auto Wheel The less you understand. there is no complete immediate remedy Set in Rear Wheels. to be had from legislation and executive '' ' Gallant Valuation. action. The free processes of supply and must Whoever wants take She one me, was at who will not operate of themselves, demand Grahame White, and no legislative or executive action can time the most popular aviator in Eng- me at my face value. He Im sure that will be a fair force them Into full and natural operation land and is one of the pioneers of aviauntil there is peace. ' estimate. tion, has introduced into England the Must Know Terms of Peace. first super scooter, commonly called the can be no confidence in IndusThere , Well Mated. buckboard. It is practically a primitry, no calculable basis for credits, no Are they well mated? confident buying of systematic selling, tive motor car driven by an auto wheel "I should say so. He seems to be no certain prospect bf employment, no set between the rear wheels. To throw of business, no able to make money almost as fast normal' restoration attempt at reconstruction or a hopeful as she can spend it. proper reassembling of the dislocated elements of enterprise until peace has been established, and, so far as may be, Taking Chances. Our national life has no guaranteed. "Im afraid were going to lose out. doubt been less radically disturbed and dismembered than the national life of Why so? Were trying an automobile case other peoples whom the war more directly affected, with all its terrible . with a Jury of pedestrians. ravaging and destructive force, but It has been nevertheless profoundly affected and disarranged, and our indusStartling Behavior. - "The florist I. went to get credits, our productive caplants tries, our pacity, our economic processes are Inboxed my ears. extricably interwoven with those of Boxed your ears! other nations and peoples most intiYes; my elephants ears. mately of all with the nations and peoples upon whom the chief burden and out the clutch the wheel is lifted off confusion of the war fell and who Is When Awakened. Interest i are now most dependent upon the coi ( the ground. a see man a Problem If with you operative action of the world. Photo shows Mr. White with "a little smile on his face, cut a paragraph Exports Greatest in History. passenger. We are just now shipping more goods from a newspaper and place it careof our ports to foreign markets than fully in his billfold, what Is your de- out we ever shipped before not foodstuffs duction? merely, but stuffs and materials of every Answer You are right. The clip- sort; but this is no index of what our AUTOMOBILE NOTES. ' foreign sales will continue to be or of , ping mentions him. .Judge. -- the effect the volume of our exports will have on supplies and prices It is A A magneto brush may be mnile by Timely Warning. impossible yet to ifedict how far or Mrs. Pester Dont bother me. Ill how long foreign purchasers will be copper or rolling a piece of able to find the money or the credit to brass wire gauze into a cylinder corre- he dressed as soon os I ran. pay for or sustain such purchases on I was Husband to Her Just brush In going to size the such a scale, how soon or to what extent magneto sponding n if dont little those up speed foreign manufacturers can resume their and a carbon brush may be cut la two say you clothes will he out of style by the . former production, foreign farmers get . to ,do double duty. their accustomed crops from their own time you get em oil. fields; foreign mines resume their former output, foreign merchants set up again After you have ruined a few spark their old machinery of trade with the Prompt Work. , plugs by removing them with a monkey ends of the earth. All these things must Xom is certainly a man of action. wrench you will get a socket wrench remain uncertain until peace Is estab"What lias he done? lished and the nations of the world have that just fits around the plug and proWhy, the very day after the heir- concerted the methods by which normal tects the core from accident. , , ess accepted him he gave up his job life and Industry are to be restored. All that we shall do in the meannr tt ' t ni t.f the'bnnli and Joined the Dont time ut to restrain profiteering and put Go over the leather on the cai; occathe life of our people upon a toieiable sionally with special leather dressing Worry dull." footing will be makeshift and proviand the difference in the appearance I I sional. There can be no settled condiKept Several Feet Away. of the upholstery will repay you a tion here or sisewhere until the treaty Polly Charlie says ho thinks the of peace is out of the way and the thousand times. floor Is too rough. work of liouidating the war has bedoes. 1 noticed he come the chief concern of our governHe surely Dolly Watch your wheel spokes, especially and of the other governments of upon It when he danced ment if your car be an old one. - If the didn't, venture the world w ith me ! "JCurone will not. cannot recoup her spokes can be shaken, tighten the bolts on the flanges of the hub. ' ; Taking a Suggestion. . f cook says she Is afraid of "Our It is hard to restore blemished CHILDREN ARE MOVIE FANS , , ' aluminum- - to its 'prlsfine luster, es- ghosto exclaimed Mr. Crosslots Thanks!, pecially is It difficult to get the frosted "Ours Isnt afraid' of unythlng human Domestic Films Take First Place With finish back agalp. . Cowboy Adventures Second, being can say or do. 111 tip my wife Inquiry Shows. Alt to try ghosts. In making a, temporary battery conLondon. London' school children nection the strands should be twisted i Good Waiter. the movies, more than 00 per a like bending loop by up tightly, forming I am sorry to disturb youi Maid : cent. It was developed by a recent Inover to the right. sleep maam but here is your break, II m ' vestigation, being more or less regulnr i i' II fast such exhibiA cause of overheating thnt Is freDebutante: You dont disturb me. 1 In their attendance upon quently o' irhoktd is a slipping 'far have been lying hero waiting for It for tions. Analysis of replies from 8,500 youngbelt three hours." sters who were asked to write their Average of 2.5 Motorcars .for Every-- , Mile of Public Road in the United States. s The Tooth-Lik- e Points of the Harrow Brake Dig Into the Ground and Hold the Car lit Place Until the Engine Can Be Started Again. tion is designed to prevent automobiles used in mountain touring from running backwards down steep roads should anything go wrong with the regular brakes. It is the Invention of George Stlck-ne- y of Oregon. It consists of a harrow-like frame suspended from a crosswise shaft pivoted to the chassis frame directly back of the engine and lowered into contact with the road by means of a system of levers controlled by a hand lever and notched quadrant in the drivers cab. The sharp, tooth-lik- e points of the harrow dig into the ground and hold the car In place until the engine can be started again and the clutch thrown In. They also serve to hold the car until It gets under way. This eliminates the danger of starting under the same condition without the device, in which case the conventional brakes must be released before the clutch Is thrown in. This might allow the car to gain sufficient backward momentum to prevent the engine from starting and permit the car to drop oft the road if the brakes cannot hold It. Popular Science Monthly. MOTORTRUCKS ON HIGHWAYS Operator Should Communicate With Service Commission as to Restrictions. Pros-ecti- ve (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) The prospective motortruck operator should communicate with the public service commission or such other body as may have jurisdiction over the operation of trucks In his territory and Inform himself In advance as to legal restrictions covering the operation of trucks on the highways. Finding Trouble. A great many car owners In searching for trouble create more than they find. By that is meant that Indiscriminate changing of adjustments usually gets the operator further away from the real cause of the trouble The best piece of advice that can be offered the owner Is first to be sure what the trouble is and then start to rectify it, , . . Oiling Out-of-Wa- y Holes. Frequently it is desired to use an ordinary oil filler can with a metal spout oil hole. By slipping a piece of rubber hose over the end of the spout almost any location can be reached. In filling some S that . . 1 c , - fine-mes- h , i i i , , Shift Cross Links. It is a very good plan to shift the cross links of the tire chains from time to time. That is, move them so that they do not depend on the same link of the main chain all the time. To Clean Battery Terminals. A strong solution of washing soda la the best agent for cleaning battery terminals that have become corroded. After drying the terminals should be coated with vaseline. Carriage of Farm Products. - The motor truck as a medium for the carriage of farm products Is now summing a permanent place in the general scheme transportation. i ', , j . the period of the war and becomes incapital or put her restless, distracted upon the format proclamation peoples to work until she knows exact-to operative of pqace But I should judge that it waa ly where she stands in respect within the constitutional power of clearly peace; and what we will do is for her .the odUgres to make similar permanent the chief question upon which her quiprovisions and regulations with regard to etude of mind and confidence of purall goods deBtmed for interstate comWhile there is any pose depends. them from interthe peace terms may be merce and to exclude state shipment if the requirements of the changed or may be held long in abeyance. or may not be enforced because law are not complied with. Some such regulation is imperatively of divisions of opinion among the powers associated against Germany, it is necessary. It would materially add to the serv- - . Idle to look for permanent relief. e of the law. for the purpose Iceabllity Immediate Relief Measures. now have in view. If it were also preBy wav of immediate relief, surplus scribed that all goods. released from storstocks of both food and Clothing in the age for intei state shipment should have hands of the government will be sold and plainly marked upon each, package the of course sold at prices at whidh there selling or market price at which they is no profit. And by way of a more perwent into storage. By this means the manent correction of prices surplus purchaser would always be able to leai u stocks in private hands will be drawn out hat profits stood between him and the ot storage and put upon the market Forproducer or the wholesale dealer The woild must pay for the appalling tunately under the terms of the act the hoarding of foodstuffs can destruction wrought by the great wai. be checked and prevented, and they will and we are part of the world We must Foodstuffs be, with the greatest energy pay our share. For five years now the incan be drawn out of storage and sold by dustry ot all Europe has been slack and The normal crops have not legal action which the department of disordered Justice will institute wherever necessary, been produced, the normal quantity of manufactured goods has not been turned but as soon as the situation is systematically dealt with it Is not likely that the out. Not until there are the usual crops courts will often have to be resorted to Much of the accumulating of stocks has and the usual production of manufactured tlan goods on the other side of the no doubt been due to the sort of specuEurope retuin to the former condilation which always results from uncercondiwas the former it and tions. upon tainty. tions not the present, that our economic Would Have Prices Plainly Marked. relations with Europe were built up I would also recommend that it be We must face the fact that unless we indestined for required that all goods help Europe to get back to her normal terstate commerce should in every case life and production a chaos will ensue where their form or package makes it there which will inevitably be communibe marked the with cated to this country. For the present, it possible plainly price at which they left the hands of is manifest, we must quicken, not slacken, the producer. Such a requirement our own production. would bear a close analogy to certain VU. S. Must Hold World Steady. provisions of the pure food act, by which and we almost alone, now hold the We, it is required that certain detailed inworld steady. Upon our steadfastness and formation be given on the labels of depend the affairs ot napackages of foods and drugs. It is in this supreme tions everywhere. seem And it does not to me that we crisis this crisis for all mankind that could confine ourselves to detailed American must prove her mettle measures of this kind, if it is indeed In the of a world contused, disour purpose to assume national control tracted, presence she must show herself I of the processes of distribution. capable of sober take it for granted that that is our and effective action. She saved Europe purpose and our duty. Nothing less bv her action in arms, she must now save will suffice. We need 4iot hesitate to It by her action in peace. handle a national question m a naIn saving Europe she will save herself, tional way. We should go beyond the as she did upon the battlefields of the measures I have suggested We should war. The calmness and capacity with formulate a law requiring a federal which she deals with and masters the license of all corporations engaged in problems of peace will be the hnal test interstate commerce and embodying in and proof of her place among the peoples the license, or in the conditions under of the world which it is to be issued, specific reguAnd, if only in our own interest, we lations, designed to secure competitive must help the people overseas Europe is selling and prevent unconscionable our biggest customer We must keep or thousands of our shops and profits in the method of marketing scores of our mines must close There is Law Would Do Much. no such thing as letting her go to ruin Such a law would afford a welcome op without ourselves sharing in the disaster reportunity to effect other In such circumstances, face to face forms in the business of interstate shipwith such tests, passion must be discardment and In the methods of corporations ed Passion and a disregard for the which are engaged in it, but for the moment I confine my recommendations to the rights of others have no place in tne of a free people. We need light, object immediately in hand, which is to counsels not heat in these solemn tones of lower the cost of living and saving action. We are dealing, gentlemen of the conEveryone who is in real touch with the gress, I need hardly say, with very critical and very difficult matters. We should go silent masses of our great people know forward with confidence along the road that the old strong fiber and steady are still there, firm against viowe see, but we should also seek to comlence or any distempered action that prehend the whole of the scene amidst which we act. There is no ground for would throw their affairs into confusion. I am serenely confident that they wilt some of the fearful forecasts I hear uttered about me, but the condition of the readily find themselves, no matter what world is unquestionably very grave and the circumstances, and that they will adwe should face it comprehendmgly. The dress themselves to the tasks of peace-witthe same devotion and the same situation of cur own country is y fortunate. We of all peoples Stalwart preference for what is right that can afford to keep our heads and to dethey displayed to the admjratipn of the termine upon moderate and sensible whole world in the midst of war courses of action which will Insure us Sinister Influences at Work. against the passions and distempers which And I enter another confident hope I are working such deep unhappiness for have spoken today chiefly of measures, some of the distressed nations on the of imperative regulation and legal comother side of the sea. pulsion, of prosecutions and the slidip-- . But we may be Involved In their dis- correction of selfish' processes, and these tresses unless we help, and help with enno doubt are necessary. ergy and intelligence. But there are other forces that we may Disregarding the surplus stock In the those resident in the hands. of the government, there was a count on besides We have just of justice. greater supply of foodstuffs in this coun- department fully awakened to what has been going try on June 1 of this year than at the on and to the influences, many of them same date last year. In the combined total of a number of the most Important very selfish and sinister, that have been an foods In dry and cold storage the excess producing high prices and imposing our: intolerable burden on the mass of g much-need- self-cont- rol excep-tionatel- is quite risen. 19 per cent. And yet prices have people. To have brought it all into the open, will accomplish the greater part of the result we seek. I appeal with entire confidence to" v Law Department Active. The attorney general has been making a careful study of the situation as a "'hole and of the laws that can be applied to better it and is convinced that, under the stimulation and temptation of exceptional circumstances, combinations of producers and combinations of traders our producers, our middlemen and our niei chants to deal fairly with the peoIt is their opportunity to show ple that they comprehend, that they intend to act justly, and that they have-thhave been formed for the control of suppublic interest sincerely at heart. plies and of prices which are clearly in Labor Must Consider. restraint of trade, and against these prosI believe, too, that the more executions will be promptly instituted and treme leaders of organized labor will actively pushed which will in all likelihood have a prompt corrective effect. presently yield to a sober second There is reason to believe that the thought, and like the great mass of tiieir associates, think and act like of leather, of coal, of lumber and ofprices textiles have been materially affected by true Americans They will see that forms of concert and among strikes undertaken at this critical time the producers and marketers of these and are certain to make matters woise, other universally necessary commodities not better worse for them and for which it will be possible to redress No everybody else. The worst thing, the most fatal watchful or energetic effort will be spared to accomplish this necessary rething that can be done now is to stop sult. I trust that there will not be many or interrupt production, or to interfere cases in which prosecution will be neceswith the distribution of goods by the sary. Public action will no doubt cause railways and the shipping of the many who have perhaps unwittingly country. There are many thlwgs that ought adopted Illegal methods to abandon them to be corrected In the relations beand of their own motion. promptly The department of commerce, tween capital and labor, in respect the of wages and conditions of labor and department of agriculture, the department 'of labor and the federal trade other things even more commission can do a great deal toward and I, for one, am ready to go into conference about these matter with supplying the public systematically anv group of my lellow countrymen and at short intervals, with information regarding the actual supply oi who know what fliey are talk.ng about and are willing to remedy existing particular commodities that is in existence and available with regard to conditions by frank counsel rither supplies which are in existence but not ttan by violent contest with regard to the methods of price fixGeneral Interest First ing which are being used by dealers In No remedy is possible while men aie certain foodstuffs and other necessities In a temper, and there can be no SetRetailers in Part to Blame. tlement which does not have as its There can be little doubt that retail-er- s motive and standard the general inare In part sometimes in large terest Pal-- t Must All Work Together. responsible for exorbitant and it is quite practicable for theprices, govThreats and undue Insistence upon ernment through the agencies I have the Interest of a single class make setmentioned, to supply the public with tlement Impossible I believe, as I full information as to the prices at have hitherto had occasion to say to which retailers buy and as to the costs the congress that the industry and life of transportation they pay in order of our people and of the world will that It may be known Just what mar- suffer trj;eparablc damage If employeis gin of profit they are demanding. Opinand workmen are to go on In a perpetion and concerted action on the ual as contest, of Ther part antagonists on one plan or another, be effecpurchasers can probublv do the rest. Let me urge, in the first place, that must, assoiiated. Have we not steadtively the present foodstuff control act should iness and and business be extended both as to the period of time sense enough to work out t.hut result? during which It shall remain In operation In the meantime now and In th and as to the commodities to which It days of readjustment and recuperation shall apply. are ahead of us let us resort Its provision against hoarding should he that more and made to apply not onlv to food but also counsel andmore to frank and intimate make ourselves a great to feed stuffs, to fuel, to clothing, and lo and triumphal nation, niakirg ourmany other commodities which are Inselves a united force In the life, of the necessaries of life disputably As it It will not then have loo, i te stands now tt Is limited In operation to world. us for leadership in vein , preferences show that domestic stories have first pluce. Others In order of are cowboy udventure, preference comics, war films, serials, crimes, love stories, educational. The popularity of moving pictures In London Is proved by the fact that a new corporation will soon Invest 0 in picture puluCes. backed his tractor up to it, turned on the exhuust and guve them a gas barrage equul to any put on in the war Few rats got out of the crib alive, and those that did were so weuk the dogg had no trouble In gntherlng them up. The result was a tub full pf deud ruts Judges Played 8afe. Cedar Falls, In. Baby-shoJudges Got Tub Full of Rata. here showed rare tuleut for the Job. C. Neb. Nebrasa 'J. Omaha, Boyd, They awarded every contestant a ka farmer, hud a corn crib that was prize. No Irate mothers for us," they alive with rats. The other day he said in unison.