|Paper||Lehi Free Press|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Lehi Free Press|
i LEHI FREE PRESS, LEHL UTAH !Gard EN of A TALES Salt Lake Gty Directory OF THE T CHIEFS Edith L Watson POPE A 'Vfeew ''''' ; Relief From Neuralgia In Few Minutes tlS-23- furclaoad Ucd Pipe, Fittings & V&Ives man may rise to power, but lf ha not able to keep It from goinf to his own head, his fall will be greater than hig rise. The Pueblos had never taken kindly to Spanish rule. Misunderstandings, prejudice, and ignorance had widened the breach from both sides. The In dians were discontented: they grum bled and plotted. It remained for a San Juan medl cine man. living at Taos, to preclpltau events. Pope had given the matter much study, and he gradually evolved a way to unite the Pueblos in rebellion. This was done slowly. Liaste did not seem to bring results for the Indians. Pope began to preach the Independence of the Indians. Why should they bow to the white men! They were many more in number, and If they would ait at a given time, they could quietly kill every foreigner in the land, and go back to their own ways ; and no one would be the wiser. The idea took root among the Pueblos. One bold stroke, and th trouble would be over, they thought. Even the far-of- f Hopis of Ariiona Mensey Irea and Metal Co. trd Weal Sal Lake City. Ctak. A ..... .,. ....... I 4.. i If iTiiniin i V: A mil " ' 1 "w", mmS A Szechwan Medicine Man. by National Geographic prbarl Society, ZECIIU'AN province, China, cen ter of recent disturbances, is one of t!ie. richest, most populous . el.;.,., anu, piciuresijue regioua m.t v,uma. Mico Polo described It as a cultivated uiod-er- i garden with great cities. A more Asia." of Garden Is "The sobriquet Chunjrkinir. the Yangtze port, Is a great doorway of Szechwan. It Is a wajlod city with G00.O0O inhabitants, situated at the confluence of the Ja&rtze and the Kialing rivers. Thfotigh the fiction of a foreign treaty it Is an open seaport notwithstanding the fact that it is 1,500 miles from lhe coast and 1,000 feet above the level ft the sea. It Is now the head of steim navigation on the Yangtze, the for the B,a$ of maritime customs Weft, the point of distribution for all weltern-borncommerce and the depot for all shipments to other parts of China and foreign lands. Tjhe chief exports to America and othfr countries are paint oils of the medicines, bristles, feathers an hides, and, of manufactured arti-clesilks, satins and crepes of the finest grades. Oonfinpd between Its two rivers, this citf, like New York, is growing into thai air. It has no suburban lines to reifpve its surplus population, and red estate has accordingly incrensed In Ihe past decade from 100 to 200 pea cent In value, making it profitable toierect fine foreign buildings. In Trhjeh it excels any purely native city -- iJ e tiir-tre- in f"l! inn. Ipie English, French, German, Japanese, and Americans compete for Its traie. United States trade is represented in kerosene, sewing machines, cigfrottps, patent medicines, hardware, an nails. Wnm Chungking northwestward milts to Chengtu. the capital, one 300 trav-etajjh- sedan chair, borne on the shoulder! of two, three or four bearers, as Ons avoirdupois requires or his Troy we:ht permits; for the rich ride in foil's by choice, as do the portly with- out option. ' , the ft addition to the foreign traveler requires a coolie to bpsr his cot and bedding, another to cary his food, and an attendant to co$t it. A small party easily becomes a rfcirimont. and if an armed escort chair-bearers- it, as Is usual, the party resembles an armv. i I City of the Dead. Beyond the walls of Chungking the traveler enters the city of the dead. Hftjfe are square-buil- t tombs of the Miig period ; near by are the crowded linfs of public graves for beggars and th very poor; and then, far away to th top of the hill, about four miles flUSant, are the regulation mounds of Oiripse graves, with here and there beautifully carved, terraced mau-toftum- 4 more orderly section of broad Mohammedan for reserved Rrsfves, shows that the followers of th Crescent are no mean or company among the city's incon-Siilrahl- p population. fver these sleeping camps the lines are now strung and the tele-Pp- Gngtu railway will tunnel beneath tbm. Factories and homes are push-them farther from the city, which ts f sure indication that the hand of erstitlon is losing its grip, for n llrter century ago this would have "Ued riot. The Sczechwanese from of old have fcfHn expert workers in stone, as is by the many tombs, homes places of defense carved deep Into 1 ro,vk.v cliffs along the rivers. Their nese conquerors have inherited this erf along with their land, for the conn "hounds with artistically carved siijip bridges, and memorial arches of proportions ornatelv wrought In ''I ttlvp Vtone. y r.o never ;tn n sees a monument dedicat warrior, but many to virtuous who refused to remarry aft prtlieir husbands had died. Others rre,l by royal permit have the four f f meters Wti Kia Tung Tang, five gen Jiens livinij together In one home T!f- thoimh not common, ts by no "'ris unknown in West China, nnd !',y lf fiv"e R'nfiratlon can live to Pffher in one home and live peace-Ar- , they deserve recognition, and the accord It wlfows. West China might be called "The Land of the I'agoda," for nearly every city has its towering sentinel from three to fifteen stories In height. They are generally placed upon some eminence overlooking the city they protect, and may have served as watch towers in times of trouble, but the real purpose of their erection most likely was to exert a benign influence upon the fung suei the spirits of wind and wave that bring prosperity and ward off disaster. Out from the crush and the hum of the city of the living and past the quiet camp of the dead, one comes to the country not, however, the country of the western world; rather a mass of terraced paddy fields and farm gardens, with human beings always in sight. People are the only feature of the landscape that cannot be left behind or ignored ; so one stops to glance at the inhabitants of Szechwan, who surpass in rugged diversity of race the variety of the province's scenery. The People of Szechwan. More valuable than its rich mineral deposits and superbly tilled lands, the people of Szechwan are at once its prime asset and interest. Four epochs mark the Szechwanese and help to explain them: First, the slow retreat of the ancient aborigines up into the mountains of the south and west and the occupation of the fertile land by the oncoming victorious Chinese. Second, the ruthless Chinese wars, culminating in the ravages of the tyrant Chang, who. in accordance with his slogan, "Kill! Kill! Kill! Kill! Kill ! Kill ! Kill ! for all men are evil," left many of its cities desolate and its fields without inhabitants. Third, the repeopling of the province by emigrants from the north, central, and southeastern provinces of China, who, fusing with the scattered Chinese and aboriginal inhabitants and with Mohammedan mercenaries from western Asia, formed the composite Szechwanese, styled "Chinese, with a difference." Fourth, the contact of Christian life and thought upon these peoples, a period of reforms and revolutions, a transition from the old order to the New China of today nnd the China of promise of tomorrow. Remnants of Many Races. The western part of Szechwan might well be called the Museum of the Human Kaces, the happy hunting ground of the Here ethnologist and physiognomist. are to be found the surviving remnants in the most heroic struggle for existence that humanity has ever waged and who. for lack of a better term, are called the "Tribesmen." As one crosses the Min river, which, flowing south divides the province into east and west, and moves westward, mountains, towards the he comes upon the shambling homes of these people, hidden In impassable ravines or perched upon cliff or mountain side, of which they seem to be part and counterpart ; for as the Irresistible side thrust of continental Asia pushed these mountain masses high Into the snows and left them crumpled, storm-swebroken, and Isolated a similar convulso. evidently, peaks, sion of powerful peoples of Asia, in their movements toward this center, have driven back the weaker or defenseless nations, they In their turn being compelled to follow into these inaccessible places, where, like the mountains to which they still cling, bedthey may yet reveal stratum, the rock of the race. The Chinese call them "The Eighteen Nations." but It ts believed that there are several times eiirhteen na tions or tribes, each under Its own king, council, or feudal lord, indopend of each other ent or In whose borders Chinese the nnd of dwell. they are found rep Among the tribesmen resentntives of the h'.Kk. yellow, and white branches of the human family nnd some of them, especially the dwarf peoples, are believed to be of very ancler.t origin. 700 Chengtu, Szechwnn's capital, lies of on the edge railroad a from miles a the famous Chengtu plain. It Is city Inhabitants. 600.000 of snow-covere- t were inflamed, and joined the plan with enthusiasm. August 13, 1800, was to be the great day of Pueblo freedom. Runners wera sent with knotted cords to show tha date. The news spread to all th participating Pueblos (the Plros, for some reason, were not included), and suppressed excitement beat In every Indian heart. Since a woman in love has neither conscience nor judgment, and lest some Indian maid might love and talk to a white man, no women were admitted to the plot Every possible precaution was taken. Pope even to death, put his own brother-in-labecause he was not sure of him. Yet somehow the plot became known, and the only thing to do was to strike at once, before the SpanSix iards could prepare counter-plans- . days before the selected date, then, the concerted uprising took place. There were 33 missionaries In the Tueblo country. Twenty-on- e of these were killed, and about 375 other colonists, nearly a sixth of the total number. The missions were torn down. Furnishing which had been brought many weary miles some, even, from Spain were destroyed. The records of the churches were burned. Governor Otermin, at Santa Fe, gathered the remaining Spaniards Into the government buildings. These were strongly built, and although 3,000 Indians besieged them for ten days, the walls held, and a desperate sortie finally forced the Pueblos back, with considerable lose. Then, on August 21, about 1,000 Spaniards began the long retreat down the Rio Grande to El Paso, and left the country to the Pueblos, from whom they had taken it. It remained Indian territory for 12 years. Tope was now at the height of his glory. Richly dressed In the finest ceremonial garments, he made a triumphal journey through the Pueblos, and was hailed as a savior of his people. The Indians returned to their ancient ways. Those who had been baptized took a ceremonial cleansing bath in yucca suds; every destroy- able thing left behind met its fate, and the Spanish language and even All Spanish names were forbidden. this was Pope's order, and the Indians, delighted at the success of their rebellion, hastened to obey their brilliant leader. But Pope had been given too much power, and he was not strong enough He became a despot; to handle it. those who did not obey every whim were put to death. lie demanded all the most beautiful women as his From being the deliverer of right. his people, he became their burden. Then drought came on the Pueblo9 that ancient enemy of the southwestern people. The crops shriveled in the sun, and famine waited, grinThe ning, only a little way off. Apaches and the Utes, who had been afraid of the Spaniards, now felt that there was nothing to fear, and reCivil war, also, sumed their raids. broke out, and the Pueblos divided and fought each other. What a dreary, sorrowful freedom they had won! And Pope was the cause of it all, "Those Above" were they thought. angry at him, and at them for obeying him, and had sent drought and enemies without and within, as punishment. Pope had become a sort of king, unreasonable, petulant altogether Intolerable. He could not help them In this trouble. They deposed him. A new ruler for the Tewa and Tanos was- - elected, and he tried as well as he could to bring order out of Pope's chaos. In 16RS, however, pope tried a come back. He reminded his people of their deliverance, and of who had planned It lie wanted to try again, and they gave him the chance. Cut Pope's power and glory were departed. He had sat upon the throne of all the Pueblos; he was now an elected ruler of two of them. The great authority had been taken from him. and he was little better than any tribal chief. One thing nlone was left him: he died before Plego de Vargas reconIn 1C02, quered the Pueblo country and he never knew but that his country was eternally free. 1112, Wwtrn Nwnpapr Union.) (, requeat. Mawly threaded and eonpled for ajl porpoMa. TOt So. li I 1 Utt. Mailing eavalopea aad prima OB Sows' 'V KU HOI CSUSMOM ASSAYERS AND CHEMISTS & (Ac and Laboratory O. eu P't Lata Cltjr. I lah. 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