|Paper||Provo Daily Herald|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Provo Daily Herald|
a mm mm mm ma Ddl. MONDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1961 reason for the existence of the United Nations Organization. Found Oct. 24, 1945, this organization, after 16 years, 99-mem-- can look back on ber of sub- stantial achievement. Although it has experienced lays and disappointments, the U.N. still embodies man's best hopes. This seems a surety as the world prepares to celebrate UN ' Day Tuesday. The UN's record of successes adds up to an impressive score. Because of the U.N., the Berlin blockade was lifted in 1949; cease' fire was achieved between Israel and the Arab states in 1948 and 1957; aggression in Korea was repelled in 1950; UN Emergency Force was formed to cover withdrawal of invading forces in the Suez Canal crisis, 1957; this same force was sent into the Congo in 1960 to ease tensions and help restore order. Economic UN action has been considerable. The Expanded Program, of Technical Assistance has sent over 8,000 experts into, approximately 140 f countries and awarded over 14,000 study fellowships; the world bank has granted more than 250 development loans; the International Monetary Fund has- .provided $3,406 million in short-terloans to help alleviate temporary foreign exchange " de- - m means perfect. There were flaws in the charter adopted when the UN was organized at the close of World War II. Either our top statesmen didn't recognize them approval of a more workable char- ter.. Among the defects is the Fran- kenstein veto arrangement in the Security Council whereby one powerful nation can block progress and justice. The Russians used this veto power, for example, to head off a proposed investigation of the infamous B47 incident in which the Soviets shot down an American plane well outside the Communist boundaries. But the UN is a lot better than at all. It has exerted great world influence. pre- served a measure of peace. Still the question faces the world today: What will be the future of the UN? Nations are eternally wrangling over organization and procedures. The. death of Dag Hammarskjold threw the; leadership into chaos as the West battled to block Russia's move for d a (Troika) leaderhold out for a strong execuship, tive with authority to act. These problems probably will continue. Always there will be disagreement, but the problems can be worked out if the nations will be patient and cooperative. In a broad sense, the future of the UN will depend upon the youth of the world. Will today's youth support the UN tomorrow as their fathers support it today? Will the UN continue to improve and progress? America's youth seems to be preparing itself to accept the challenge. A most valuable preparation is Utah's Model United Nations conference. High schools throughout Utah, each representing an assigned country, particiimitation of a pate in a two-da- y UN session, held at the University of Utah in the spring. This is done with one underlying purpose : to learn to understand the people of other countries, that this understanding may eventually break down national barriers and unlock the door to lasting peace. Participants in tjiis activity are students who realize that they will soon play important roles in the future of the world. They realize that the U.N.'s list of achievements can be lengthened if the UN receives their support. The "Song of the Nations," sung in every Model U.N. conference, expresses a desire for peace three-heade- through union:"This is my home, the country where my heart it. Here lie my hopes, my dreams, my shrine. But other hearts, in other lands, are beating with hopes and dreams as O hear true and high as mine Thou God all of the my song, of nations, a song peace for their ll, . Pearce, land and mine." Pellegrina Spagnuolo of Sunnyside, N.J., sends me a long letter supporting my views on world affairs, asserting that had I been Secretary of State "our Jr. Mr. Mowrer country would not be in the mess we are 4n now," and asking; permission to cut out my columns and send them to President Kennedy. Many thanks. But remember that a good theatrical critic is not necessarily a good actor. Also, even if you can lead a busy President to columns like mine, you can not necessarily get him to find time to read them. But by all means, try. An anonymous writer sent me a letter beginning: "All the bombs in the world and all the shelters won't save America our only help now is to return to , God as a nation." reabout the I agree thoroughly turn to God. Modern man needs to shed his conceit and the assumption that he is the master of his fate and become reconciled with; God, with nature and with his own past, which he is ''improving" far less than he imagines. ... L, "Why is it that time after time the British seem to be diverting our foreign policy? The British, with their instinct of divide and rule.: Is it because our Presidents cannot" speak any language but English?" Conway, N. H.) last recently remarked jokingly that the British Embassy in Washington "now has attaches for everything but theology and pornography." James Finley of East Northport, L. I., thinks I have got Nasser of Egypt all wrong and that the new Syrian strongman "sounds just like Castro at the beginning of his infamous career." I submit that Nasser is not and never has been a friend of the United States but an opportunist who has tried to benefit by the Cold War. I have no use for such leaders. 1961. "Do you feel as I do that it would be morally better for this nation of ours to have an honest lottery for the voluntary donations by patriotic citizens and thus wipe out the excuse people now have for playing a foreign lottery?" (Francis B. Howe, E Orange, N.J.) I favor legalized gambling but chiefly in order to divorce it from crime. To the question: Which if any rights at West Berlin can the three Western powers afford to yield in exchange for guarantees of further accesss for themselves and the West Germans?" Mrs. Leonard E. Strode of Hobart, Ind., answers: "Why on earth should' we make any concession to obtain something we already legally have?" (I agree.) This week's question: "Do you favor sending American troops to S. Viet Nam if necessary to save that friendly coun- try from communism?" (A McClure Newspaper Syndicate So They Say For the first time in their lives, they realize they're being, held responsible for their, mistakes. . Samuel Broyde, Chicago high school mathematics teacher defending his rule of flunking any student who does not score 100 per cent on tests (after four tries). I think it is largely because of a common language but also because of two other things. One is Britain's superb conduct and victory in the last war (alone in Europe, unless one counts Russia). The second is the immense effort made by Britain since 1945 to secure and maintain a "special relationship" with the United States. For instance, the current diplomatic; list of Washington gives 36 accredited diplomats for France, 38 for Germany and no less' than 78 for Great Britain. One of the Our officers told us the GIs are soldiers, spoiled by TV dinners and unwilling to fight .. . Maybe they chew gum but they are tough warriors. Former East Berlin border guard who defected to the West. gum-chewi- ng i ! f The opinions and pressed by Herald their own and do reflect the views of statements eat- - . columnists are not necessarily this newspaper. . j an- other financial contribution to the expansion and consolidation of Communist power by approving a grant of $1,157,600 by the United Nations special fund to Fidel Castro's Cuban regime. The United States provides most of the money for tie World Bank and the U.N. special fund. The senator was more sharply critical of U.N. and U.S. policies in the Congo. The cost to mid- September had been about $100 j voice of Moscow." j pro-Commun- ist I "who calls himself an Indian but who invariably talks with the -- Katanga Agreement . - ; V Dodd was shocked to learn that the Kennedy administration had approved in advance the U.N. war against the Tshombe government of Katanga to force Katanga to United Nations. accept the. authority of the coali the Heroid Staff By on the-Bea- SAGEBRUSH SAGE SAYS is wonderful. Each year it. takes less time to cross the ocean and more time to drive to work. Progress ANGELS OF MERCY Saturday night at 10:30 it was MAKE YOU HUNGRY"? A wonderful neighbor stopped me as I walked past her house today and invited me to stop for a fresh cookie just out of the oven. I had to refuse, darn It, and just as I moved down the street, the fragrance of those cookies reached right out and grabbed me. It took a bit of doing to keep moving down the street. And then I was thinking about how good fresh bread smells, especially just after school when you come home and there are four big fat loaves on the table turned upside to cool. It's sinful not to break one up and fiat it with cool milk and ! -- fresh strawberry jam! ' Remember how the spiced Easter ham ..... . . - The Allen-Sco- tt smells? And what about the time you were cold and shivery and walked into the house just as Mother opened the oven on- the Thanksgiving turkey, stuffing and sweet potatoes? Nice, wasn't it? There's that smell of fresh coffee that no cup can match . . . hamburgers on a canyon grill with fried onions to pile on n top . . . the fall smell of a into apple . . . the richness of a Sunday pork roast , . . Gee, I'm hungry! W.N.J. - . .. . . .... , just-bitte- r Report By Robert S. Allen and Paul Scott If you have WASHINGTON, shown an interest in building a fallout or bomb shelter, don't be surprised if you receive a personal letter from President Kennedy within the next 90 days. He plans to write every citizen who has made an inquiry to the federal government about shelters or other civil defense problems. Using a mailing list of eight million as a starter, the President will encourage the receiver to fill out and send to the Defense Department an attached coupon for the latest information on everything from what type of shelter one should build to how one survives after an enemy attack. The President plans to use the personal letter as a siren to alert individuals at 'the "grass roots" to the nation's civil defense needs and to stir up support in Congress for a massive increase in funds for the program next year. The letter is the brain child of asAdam Yarmolinsky, special sistant to Secretary of Defense ; McNamara. Assigned by the White House to guide the Defense Department's take-ove- r of federal civil defense activities, Yarmolinsky sold the President on the idea of the personal approach. The letter is now being drafted by the staff of one of the nation's largest publishing firms in New York. In addition to, the letter, the Madison Avenue firm is preparing public a series of relations methods for the administration to use in pumping new vigor and interest into the lagging civil defense program. One proposal, already approved by the White House, calls for the adPresident to make a to the nation outlining his dress new program and the measures that each individual can take to protect his family in case of a high-power- ed While no final decision has been made on the date of the speech, the President will probably deliver it some time late in November or early December. BIG DEBATE The Presi- dent's speech was to have been delivered this month but was post- poned when a big controversy broke out among his civil , defense advisers on whether his program should call for individuals to concentrate on fallout or bomb shelters. Also, the President still must make a decision on whether the government should aid the shelter program by direct government subsidies or allowing persons to deduct part of the shelter cost from their income tax. Final decision in both cases is expected by th President be fore the end of October. In his public shelter program, the President plans by February 1 to have designated shelter areas in public and private buildings, mines, and caves suitable for 40 million persons. Once the shelters are marked, the government will begin stocking them with a y TODAY'S QUOTE true discovery of "Tb America is before us." Thomas Wolfe. supply of water, survival rations and first aid supplies. Plans are also being made to use postoff ices, if not damaged in the attack, as registration points for survivals. The President is putting Postmaster General Day in charge of this " 10-da- The Doctor Says No Guarantee Can Be Made For Adopted Baby By Harold Thomas Hyman, M.D. Q baby a year were assured it was a ago and Now we healthy, normal child., '' find that it is I" i We adopted a mentally retard- - ed. Why was this not discov- ered at the time o f adoption? jiir :i it was Aim, known, why were we not told? And what are we to do? A It is not A j I I ' f , 4- - VJ7' I ' 3 ; 5 1 1 A for Dr. Hyman mental deficiencies and other, congenital defects, especially of sight and hearing, to escape detection for the first year or two of an infant's life. A study made at the Bowman Gray School of Medicine revealed the alarming fact that 43.9 per cent of congenital defects were not and could not have been recognized before the first birthday. Many of these, in fact, were not unusual detected until were made some time between the 16th and 25th months of life. In the words of Dr. F. R. Lock who conducted these studies. ''Adoptive parents must accept all possibilities of the future outcome for a child before adoption is com-- pleted." The delayed recognition of these defects should not be attributed to incompetence on the of the examining physician parf or ' misrepresentation on the part of the adoptive agency. As to the action taken by adoptive parents in response to delayed recognition of a congenital defect, this is a matter of conscience. a Q My husband has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, according . Is there to our doctor's report. " could apI which to any agency assistand information ply for ance? A Write the National Multiple Sclerosis Society at 257 Fourth Ave., New York City. has come Q My father-in-lawe are havto live with, us and ing a terrible time with him, since he isincontinent. Poor dear, he is so ashamed of himself. And, though we know it is not his fault.Xit is very trying to say the least. Especially since we have teenagers who have no understanding of what this means to their grandfather and to us. Is there anything we can do to make this situation less embaras-singw ?! A A most helpful pamphlet on "Home Care of the Incontinent Patient" can be obtained without charge by writing the Professional Products Division of the Chico-pe- e Mills at 47 Worth St., New, York 13, N.Y. Q I have had several warts come under my breasts. Will they keep coming? Can they develop into cancers? Can I do .anything to prevent more from coming? have never known of malignancy developing in warts such as you describe, although there is that very remote possibility. e guess is that they My are caused by irritation; perhaps by the accumulation of sweat the chest wall and very Al long-rang- be-tw- eer '.. heavy breasts. Perhaps you can solve your problem by wearing a bra at all times and by keeping the Involved area dry by frequent applications of a simple dusting r powder.. However, be sure to apply the powder carefully and prevent it from leaking, by use of a puff. well-fittin- g Dear Reader: Dr. Hyman appreciates your comments and; questions but regrets that the heavy volume of his mail doesn't, permit him to answer each individual letter or post card. However, he will comment in columns' like the above upon matters of general or unusual interest. cold and windy and raining. But like the postman, the linemen for Provo City Power must venture out and in deer season too. Our povyer just one circuit in the house kept winking and blinking out until we called the city power. A lineman found a wire sparking in the trees outside and fixed it temporarily until today when the regular power crew . could replace the wires. We live where the wires are in the darndest place, too. E.B. -- STRANGE THROWBACK Six years ago my daughter and her, husband took a trip to Las Vegas and Arizona. She brought me back a planter with several varieties of cactus plants. One survived and has several small ones on it. Recently ,1 noticed a growth appearing unlike others. It had a sort of hair on it and eventually a beautiful bloom on the end. It was a light green inside with a yellow outline and a bloom about two or three inches long of a pink lavender color. It was only out a few days then shrank down to the size of a heavy cord or hairy string about seven inches long. It was surely pretty while it lasted. R. p., Benjamin NOT SO SURE I was quizzing my Primary boys following- an extensive lesson on the Bible. "What book is the best seller in the world today?" I asked one young fellow. His classmates giggled and poked and whispered the answer to him - , ightMillion To Hear From President L t mounted his steed and walked. The brush got even thicker so he besran crawling: through It. ne turned around and lo and behold his horse was crawling too. R.W.H., Mapleton; ' " ' le. certain facts about the ville government. For example: That the vice premier, Antoine ComGizenga, is a Prague-traine- d j munist, That the minister of interior, Christophej Gbenye, is ditto. That Communist Gizenga has been givefl the right to select the Congolese minister of defense, minister lot justice, army com- mander land ambassador to the riding: horses. The brush tot so thick that one fellow dis- nuclear attack. I'm doing them a great deal of good, ':. Leo-poldvil- . election period." Dodd noted that earlier this year the United States made tion Congolese government in The senator said he not believe the Kennedy could administration had been ' aware of million of which U.S. taxpayers prodded about half. Dodd observed that the United States paid the U.N. Congo bill but that U.N. Congo policies were determined by Prime Minister Nehru of India and by India's Krishna Menon, Here's a story from the elk hunt. All the men had been TV-Rad- io Feature) ("Former newsman," j x World Bank in the critical pre their terms, for the creation of a coalition government. It was a Communist victory in a faraway country. But it is a victory which may nevertheless provide them with the key to Southeast Asia. Financial Dealings "In Latin America on Aug. 21, international communism won its first continental beachhead when Cheddi Jagan, the candidate, triumphed in the. Brit-ish Guiana election. The United States actually abetted Jagan in the New Guiana election by ap-- i proving a $1,250,000 loan by the assis mmyHisu NO KIDDING! -- ... N Ow "Precisely, There Are Two Sides to Every Story..' - Would Atomic War Wipe Out World Make-Be-lieve'Due- j , What's Your Question? By EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER Neil Taylor Jr., of Phil Campbell, Ala., wants the name of some American experts who do not believe that atomic war would be totally destructive of our civilization. If we make this: "need not be," then probably the most convincing is Herman Kahn, "On Nuclear War," Princeton University Press, 1960. If you feel like it, see Chap. XI of my last book, "An End to $ Sloan and United Press International WASHINGTON. Sen. (UPI) deThomas J. Dodd served a better press than he got last month when he discussed in the. Senate some policies of the United States , and the United Nations that have turned out well for international communism. Dodd was talking about events in Asia, Africa and in Latin America. For example: "In Asia," . he said, "because the Communists acted in Laos and we did not act, they now hrve us negotiating, virtually on w DD GUTS J (D-Con- no world organization It has relieved suffering, 'a ; By LYLE C. WILSON i United Nation's 16th Birthday "No man is an island entire of w J SHE'LL GO FAR! Here's a story about a young woman who should go far in this world. She's a highly unusual in two respects. First, she seems to be completely in command of all situations in which she finds herself, and second, she gives her parents a - the - shoulder acstraight-from- . count of all her dates and other activities. This young woman had been going fairly steady with one boy, although she had been dating occasionally on the side. The boy asked her for a date one night, but she told him she already had a date. She went out with the second boy, and when they returned home, he kissed her goodnight. As she looked up from the kiss, there stood her more-or-lesteady, looking on. She was relating this incident to her parents, and of course they asked, "Well, what did you ss do?" With a twinkle, she answered, "I winked at him!" J.S.Z., Springville. he drawled, "the Bible Isn't a seller, it don't have no ads in it, does it?" J.B.H., Springville ONE PERSON'S VIEW Modern Paintings: Hanging is too good for them. Selected. ' INDIAN BATTLE The other day, en route home with a load of Boy Scouts who had been on an overnight camp, we stopped at the site of some Indian mounds to hunt for bits of pottery and flint. The boys spread out over the area, and in a short time had accumulated quite a collection of pottery fragments. "Gee," remarked one of the young wits, looking at the assorted fragments, "The old lady must really have been mad to break up this much crockery!" J.S.Z., Springville. OUT OF HISTORY "The cowards never started the weak died by the way." Pioneer saying. Ruth Millett Status: Minlc Is Shelter 'In' 'Out'-Fallou- t I see the papers that furriers are mpanin low because mink coats are retailing far below last year's prices. Seems the mink coat is no longer a status symbol, so it isn't as much in demand as it had in. been. Somewhere else I read that a trip to Europe is no longer a status - symbol, either. Guess it lost out when the travel agents I I started advertising "See Europe now pay later." i Well, that's the way it goes. As soon as Mr. and Mrs. America (usually at Mrs. America's prodding) achieve a status symbols what was "in" is suddenly "out" and the status setters are off on a new trail. Nobody seems to know what the next American status symbol is going to be. The current one (collecting paintings preferably by the Impressionists), can't drift down to the middle "class. The kind of paintings I that are a status symbol just can't be financed by even on a buy-noMr. and Mrs. Upper Middle-clasRuth Millett pay-latbasis. It would be a fine thing if the next status symbol turned out to be the family bomb shelter, with the people who once tried to outdo each other with big cars, mink coats, swimming pools and cabin cruisers all going happily underground in search of status. That would at least get people digging instead of taking a r" 4 . I w, s, er defeatist attitude toward self-protecti- on. And it wouldn't be so expensive a status symbol as the second car, or any more expensive than the swimming pool or mink coat. The saving grace about the bomb shelter as a status symbol is this: after we got through bragging about our shelters, and showing them off, and making the most of them conversationally, they would still be there to serve their real purpose. What better choice of a status symbol could our next one be than that? How about it, Mrs. Kennedy couldn't you start the ball rolling, posing in the White House shelter with Caroline by jhpur side? That is all it would take to make the bomb shelter our newest status symbol.