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|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
Thursday August 2, 1928 . THE BINGHAM BULLETIN. BINGHAM CANYON. UTAH Gkmbodia n AJ j Royal Pagoda at Pnompenh, Cambodia. form the Intricate movements ot dances handed down from the remota past The present king has found it Impossible economically to maintain a feminine army of retainers up to the old stnndnrds. Restful to the Eyes. Most travelers from fhe West who visit Pnompenh are on their way to Angkor, venerable city of Khmer cul-ture, which lies farther north. A brief stop at the capital Is welcome, for the little Cambodian city among Its trees Is restful to the eyes of the river-bo-passengers after monotonous miles of rice fields, thick Jungle growths and swamps thnt border the river bank nearly all the way from Saigon. And it is a relief to be out of the cruising radius of persistent Mekong mosqui-toes. Stevedores literally swarming over cargo boats at the quay indicate that the cupitnl Is Important commercially. As the town is situated at the Junction of a branch from the Great Lake of Cambodia and the main channel of the Mekong from the Tibetan hills, large quantities of fish, rice, indigo and cot-ton from Upper ISurma, portions of Siam, Laos, and northern Cambodia are brought there for marketing. In addition smaller cargoes from nearby " fnras nnd paddy fields arrive in the hundreds of sampans and smaller cralt that dart about the tiny harbor lik so many water beetles. When a boat with tourists aboard doclls there Is a rush for the "Permis-sion Ofllte" where "permissions" are granted to visit the king's palace. But tho(e who expect to see a richly adorned abode of an eastern potentate are soon disillusioned Without, the Bevl-ru- l buildings culled the palace are unpretentious, and within there is little thut would attract more than , ordinary attention except a life-size- d liudfllia of solid gold studded with diamonds and a hallway floor laid ttlln engraved sliver tiles. Cambodian women present a striki-ngly modem appearance with their short hair and what might be mistak-en nt first sight for knickerbockers. This nether garment is the "sampof In making It a width of cloth Is girded about the waist, then the ends are folded between the legs and tucked in at the waist line, BotSi men and S women wear the snmpot, and It is often difficult for a Westerner to dis-tinguish between them. The men, how-ever, wear a sort of Jacket above the sampot, while the women for the most part wear a cloth or scarf draped over one shoulder and under the other nrm. The We6t Introduced. But though the capital is soaked in eastern atomsphere, the west has been Introduced by the handful of French officials and business men. Electric street lights twinkle among the hang-ing flowers of tropical trees; tratr cars lumber by; and one may book passage to outlying towns in motoi busses that ply over well metaled roads. Evidence of the high culture and power of the Cambodians at the height of their Khmer empire, from the Eighth to the Fourteenth centuries Is seen In the remarkable ruined temple, and palaces of the old capital city of Angkor-Thor- now deserted and sur-rounded by forest and Jungle. The terraces and walls of the old strut tures abound in excellent stone work, Intricate carvings, and highly artistic sculpture. Despite the difficulty of ac-cess, thousands of visitors go anuu- - I (Prepured by th National Oeoaraphle Society. Waahlngton. I). C. I AMBODIA, one of the impor- Ctant units among France's pos-sessions In southwest Asia, Is a hodge podge of the unexpect-ed. It Is a land of forests, dump and leech-Infeste- of open savannahs, of wide rice fields and plodding water buffalo; of tigers and wild elephants; of humbl cottagers, all literate, whose chief pleasure is writing poetry; of gilded modern pagodas, and temples, hoary with age, swallowed by the Jungle; of automobiles, trolley tars, and electric lights. The forms of an oriental kingdom are fuithfuliy followed; but behind the king, his five ministers, and his court formalities, stands the French resident superior, and at his elbow a few French soldiers; for Cumhodla Is a part of French ludo-Chin- a and protectorate of France. The country Is slightly smaller than the state if Missouri and has a population of about two and a half millions. The Mekong, one of the world's greuteat rivers, Is the life artery of Cumhodiu. Seagoing steamers ascend the stream to Pnompenh, the capital, J(HJ miles from the seu ; and smaller steamers and Junks traverse the net-work of streams und lakes hundreds of miles farther inland. But It Is not only as a waterway that the stream Is useful. On Its overllowed lands the country's chief crop, rice, Is raised In ubundunce. Most of the civilized people are con-centrated along the river and between its lower reaches and the Slumese border. The country houses In all parts of Cambodia ure set on post which raise theui from six to ten feet off the ground. This Is necessary along the river banks because of the high Moods, and elsewhere to protect the householders from tigers. Love Their Mekong, liuiiiig Hie Hood season a great lake forms In western Cambodia, Into which the waters of the Mekong tlow until It becomes a body of water 118 miles long, 13 miles wide, and more than 35 feet deep. When the floods recede, the waters flow from this nutural reservoir back Into the Me-kong and keep its lower reaches welt filled. The great Importance of the river and its floods Is recognized by an annual festival on the stream con-necting the Great Lake and the Me-kong. A cord Is stretched across the stream and at the time of reversal of the flow this Is cut with great cere-mony by the king from the royal houseboat. The natives display genuine affec-tion for the Mekong. When floods come they put away their ox carts, travel tiie old roads In boats and wait for the water to recede. They cele-brate with boat races that attract every Cambodian In the vicinity from the king to the lowliest native. Gon-dolalike racing boats, ranging from twenty-fiv- e to forty-fiv- e feet long, are rowed by a score or more men, seated two by two. If the throngs massed on the river bank are not thrilled by the competition, they are amused by a clown who has his place In each craft. The highlands to the north are oc-cupied by wild tribes oj hunters who must fight for existence against rank vegetation, wild animals, snakes and insects. Slave raids from neighbor-ing countries have made them wary and suspicious and they look upon all outlanders as enemies. Some of them protect their villages by poisoned darts stuck up In the ground. Practically all of the civilized Cam-bodians are literate. The country nbounds In old temples, built during the Cambodian Golden age, some 700 years ago. In these the Buddhist priests conduct schools which are at-tended by all children, from those of humble farmers to those of the royal family. The princes, like all other boys ol Cambodia, must live during a ' certain period as novitiates In a temple, subsisting by means of the i begging bowl, as-- the Buddha did. und as the priests do today, j Pnompenh Is a colorful capital set upou hills on the banks of the Me-- kong. Its ornate temple spires and . ' magenta tiled roofs half bidden by j pant palms and (lowering tropical I trees. In a parklike inclosure on a i bill top is the palace of the kings, sur ' nuimU-- by bouses for their multl-- i i millions feminine retainers. The kings i of ( of I he. past uiight be de--' srrtb-'i- l ms niomireiis entirely sur-- round-- , il by women. Some were wives, J . v .: v.nrs'. uiiil liiHHheda dancing r;4't"l from childhood to per- - ally to see the wonders of this old capital city. The culture of the Cambodians dur-ing their Golden age was owing In lurge part to their leadership by Hin- - du colonists and conquerors. Near the palace in Pnompenh Is the Khmer museum with a collection of sculptured stones, implements of war and Jewelry; the weather-beate- n royal pagoda, and an ancient temple ap-proached by a long flight of steps with a stone railing representing Nnga. the sacred seven-heade- d cobra. Talis' of the sacred reptile adorning the roofs of gome of Pnompenh buildings re-- semble crooked lightning rods farm houses. The one thoroughfare In Pnompenh . that has a right to be called an ave-nue leads from the palace to the pub-lic park. Two hotels bordering It of fer excellent accommodations for a bmihII eastern city save for their or ctlestras that dispense Impossible nocturnal Jazz. The rest of the street Is cluttered up with open-fron- t native shops, some of which make an at-tempt to duplicate French pastry SWb OT International Shotn llWCJl y '5tIH KanMa City, Mo. A view of a section of the assemblage of VvW'r f5 hoboes of the country at they Gathered In convention In this city pM''gS-- l 2$5 recently In response to a call from hobo headquarters. This meet-In- IJggEiJ was called In order to bring to bear effective co operation and "Q MSJtfS " organization for millions of Industrial workers out of work. which were always to be found there. Oilier tins were used for "crum ket-tles," "peeorl" nnd "mulligan," and others for plates. The "Jungle" wa? always located near a stream and the unwritten law of the "Jungle" was that tins should be washed after u and left for the next 'bos who should wish to use them. Wuter for cooking was always taken from upstream nnd downstream the hobo "crumuied" (cleaned up) and washed his clothes which ' hung on the "gooseberry" (clothe ir). His food consumed and he hlni:. f "crummed" he brought out his "stoop tobacco" (cigar stubs picked up on the street) and lay back for a pleasant hour of gossip with his fellows. That was the hobo of the old d:ys. James Fads How, the "Millionaire Hobo." I? typical of the new. He Is a grandson of James B. Eads, builder of i he Fads bridge ut St. Louis, and a son of the late James F. How, an of-ficial of the Wabash railroad. Brought up In an atmosphere of luxury uinl refinement, a college man, he became a hobo by choice, and for twenty years had devoted his time and money to the hoboes--. He was the founder of the hobo college, which may be estab llslied almost anywhere. Usually It Is a one-roo- affair and here the men eat, sleep and are taught Teuchers come from universities and colleges nearby to lecture on almost every sub Ject under the sun. The "classes" ure conducted through the winter, for. with the coming of good weather, the "students" take to the road again, some of them carrying their "di-plomas," mimeographed on paper, cer-tifying that they have attended a cer tain number of "classes.' The forerunner of the college and the new status of the hobo was the organization movement which began In 1907. In the fall of that year there was much unemployment and about five hundred men were stranded In Tacoma, Wash. Jeff Davis, Dun O'Brien and a few other prominent member? of the fraternity made an offer to the mayor. If an unused schoolhouse were given to them for shelter they would keep the hoboes from begging at back doors and out of mischief. The mayor agreed. Res-taurants supplied left-ove- r food and the hoboes spent n quiet winter there. There was held the first hobo conven-tion and the organization Idea came Into being. So now they have the International Brotherhood Welfare association, in which J. Fads How is a leading light, which holds conventions from time to time in various parts of the country at which economic problems are dis-cussed and the purpose of which, in the words of How, are to "educate, organize, abolish poverty and squalot and unemployment everywhere." They have "advance agents" on the road who carry the gospel of the organiza-tion throughout the country nnd or-ganize "locals." For the hobo. W model. Is no longer the picturesque In-dividual. He Is fast becoming a standardized member of an organiza-tion. 1 By ELMO SCOTT WATSON Bark! Hark! The dogs .do bark: The begrnars are eomi.m to town Eome In rags, and some In tas. And some tn velvet gowns r a OE3 thut old nursery rhyme bring up in your mind a picture of that D class of vagrants, various-ly called hoboes, trumps mmmm. or bums, which were once a picturesque, If uot actly ornamental, part of "" the American scene T If It does, then you'd better change the reel, for the picture isn't exactly true any more. For Hobo Amerlcanus Isn't the "bird" that ho used to be. First of all, It Is Interesting to note 1Vmt to otle can tell for sure Jurt how the word "hobo" originated. There Is one theory that It came from "boo boy." long used In certain parts of the country to designate all migratory farm workers. Another says that It is from the call "Ho! Boy I" used by the early mall runners. The. hobo himself, who has a picturesque vocab-ulary all of his own, has contracted the name to one syllable and simply calls himself a 'bo. Be It known nb.'o. that he bus become class conscious and, according to his caste system, the three words used to describe him are not synonymous. According to bis definition, the hobo Is a migratory worker; the tramp, a migratory non worker; nnd the bum. a stationary nonworkc-r-. It Is doubtful if the public (vould make that tine distinction, but would be Inclined to lump them nil together as one class under the generic name of holmes, a class that was brought Into being by the first railroad nnd that until the last few years was ever Increasing. But now the "Weary Wil-lie" typo, as depicted on the vnuile-vlll-stage and In the comic strips. Is almost extinct. He was a strong In dlvlduall.vt, responsible to no one but to himself and his Inward urge to "go places and see things." The hobo. 19i!S model. Is still pretty .much n,n .In. . dlvldualisf but. he's also a member of the International Brotherhood' Welfare association. He (ins organized and Is trying "to" standardize his "profession." He Is Seeking a definite rtatus In the modern order of things. He hold conventions, such as the one pictured above. He goes to "college" und. like as not, carries a "diploma." In udd! tlon to being organize! and standard lzed, he Is also becoming motorized For the udvent of the cheap car Ims taken him off the freight trains. There has developed a new type of hobo, dl vlded Into three classes: whole fam files gyppylng about the country In "tin lizzies"; young hoboes who have their own cars and travel alone; and the "hitch-hiker- " who haunts the paved roads and main highways. In stead of the railroads, and who "bums" rides from passing motorists. Perhaps no better Illustration of the contrast between the hobo, old and new style, can be shown than a compari-son between "A No. 1," a famous hobo of the old days, and James Fads How, founder of the hobo college Idea and perhaps the bert-know- n hobo of the new era. For 30 years Leon Bay Liv-ing: ton carved or painted his "mo-nicker" (name or distinctive sign) on railroad watering tanks, railroad bridges, freight sheds and other places near railroads not otdy from the Canadian line to tlte Mexican bor-der and from the Atlantic to the I'a clllc, but also, from Alaska to Argen-tina. For more than u third of a cen-tury he rodi! on brake beams and the blind baggngo, und by keeping a care-ful account of his expenditures he was able to estimate that before he re-tired (as he did a few years ago to marry, settle down, write his adven tuies and do the work he Is doing at present trying to keep boys and girls from yielding to the call of the road I he had traveled a total of .VJ1.(: miles for the total sum of SS7.CI ! During the course of bis travels. this most-famou- s hobo knew another who later became famous as a writer k Jack London and the life they lived was typical of the oid-tim- hobo .Told In terais of the picturesque lan-guage of tlm hobo, they rode the "bumpers," "to;is," "blinds" of "trucks" of railroad trains until some "shack" (brakenuin) or "con" (con-ductor) became "hoMile" and threw them off of the "skLdmir pullmnn" (freight car). If tlk-- succeeded in eluding the "suakes" (switchmen) or "yard dicks" (railroad detectives), they made for the nearest "jungle" (place where tramps und hoboes con-gregated) where they were sure to find u varied collection of "furennd-niters- " (hoboes who walked from place to place), "blinlle-stiffs- " (a mi-gratory worker la the true sense of the word who "glommed fruit,'' "skinned mules," glommed spuds, or did any other menial labor whenever l.e had the chance), "gay cats" (ordi-nary tramps and "stake men" (work-ers with some money). There, too. would he certain to be be some "atew bums" (the tenderfoot of the profes-sion) who listened eagerly as the elite of the brotherhood, the "comets." "perfesh" ' or ' "tilowed stiffs." tol l of their experiences In towns" that 'were "Jake" (not "hostile" to a 'bo), where he could "butter" (beg) on the "main stem" (main street) for "light pieces" and be sure of getting some "scoff" (feed) from a "buy bag" (woman) when he battered the back door." - Then, too there would be rem'niseences of "decking" (riding) a "peddler" (local freight) on a "Jerk" (branch line) ; or an "orange 8pec-i:il- (fruit car) In "crlmpv" (had) weather, of being "pulled" (discovered) by a "shack" irr.d forced to "hit the grit" (walk), dodging as he left the train, no doubt, a "dev. drop" (stone) hurled by the "shack" or "con." Or there might be tales of adventures In the big cities where they bud to "carry the banner" (walk the street) all night or take In the "Jesus screamers" (religious Sa-lvationists who s:eak and sing in the streets) In order to get a "flop" (place to sleep). All of this talk would pass around the enmptires In the "jungle" as the "stirTs" ipp"d their s;eaming "Java" (coffee) made In one of the tin cans News Notes! ! It'$ a Priviltgt to Lint in t I Utah SALT LAKE Specifications for ap-proximately 120,000 motor vehicle plates and badges for use in ation of automobiles next year have been announced by H. E. Crockett, secretary of state. RICHFIELD The crop outlook in Sevier county for thia year is one of the very brightest in the his-tor- of the county. This good season will make up for the several that have not been so good and there is a feeling of optimism here which is contagious. SCIPIO Two combined harvesters, the first to be brought to Scipio have been purchased for this section by F. W.'and Samuel Menimott, Jr. Thresh-ing has begun. Some of the best dry land grain ever produced in the valley is- being threshed. OGDLN Sheep to the number of 24,093, by far greater part being from Idaho, en route to eastern markets, arrived at the OIen yards recently ard were vatered and fed before tho trip was resumed. Sheep receipts for the month have been unusually heavy. SALT LAKE A branch of the Peck & Hills Furniture company of Chi-cago which will serve the wholesale trade of the intermountain region will he estaUished in Salt Lake, Beverly S. Clemlenih, chairman of the new industries committee of the chamber of commerce has announced. SALT LAKE Harold M. Stephens, former judge of the district court in Salt Lake county, who has been a member of th3 commission to codify the laws of the state, has tendered his resigM.tion to the supreme court and the same has been accepted. No rea-sons are assigned for the resignation. SALT LAKE Rich county commis-sioners are duty bound to appoint the MicccMor to the late county assessor who was accidentally killed a few weeks ago, according to an opinion rendered by Attorney General Harvey II Clu!T. The opinion was requested by P. D. Moffat, county attom y of Rich county. OGDEN Surprise that more atten-tion b not being paid to th9 hog was expressed by W. E. Car-roll, of Urbana, I'd., professor of sw'ne husbandry at the University of Illinois, who visited in thia city and ca'led upon Secretary Jesse S. Rich-ards of the Ogden chamber of com-merce. FROVO The TJt: h County Fru't Growers' association at a mseting re-cently held iu ths city and county building, dbeussod problems cf f:d-pr-regulations for the marketing o." fruits, with particular attention to th9 regulations limiting the amount of arsenic that may be permitted on ex-pert fruits. Movement to estahlirh a cooperative packing and grading plant was launched. RICHFIELD While the reports, in general, from the best fields of this county have been rosy up to the pres-ent time, it appears that there is now some little discouragement in some parts, especially near Venice. Fann-ers from that section say that the long drouth has brought on blight in that section and that there are farms ort which tnc crop will shrink about 40 per cent. SALT LAKE Taxing agencies, pre-paring budgets; must take into con-sideration the surpluses carried oyer from preceding years in computing their revenues, it ia held by Harvey H. Cluff, attorney general. The opin-io- n was given following a question that arose in Nephi, where the city has an unexpected balance remaining from last year. P. N. Anderson, city attorney, submitted a query as to whether the city is entitled to carry this as a surplus. SALT LAKE Holders of more than one hundred gas and oil permits will be notified by Eli F. Taylor, register of the local government land office, that these permits will be canceled un-less action it taken in the near future. Most of the permits have been held for several years without any improve-ments being made or an extension of time asked, Mr. Taylor explained. Un-less some action is taken all of the per-mits will revert to the government. OGDEN Utah spends more money for road maintenance than Idaho, but Idaho has more money available this year for construction work than Utah, it was announced by H. E. Kerr, chief .engineer of the state road commis-sion, who accompanied B. W. Matteson and E. E. Kidder of the federal bureau of public roads, on their annual in-spection of Idaho roads this year. The officials spent about ten days or two weeks in making the inspection of the Id-'.h- roads this year: RTCKFIELD There is considerable mining activity in. the mineral re-gi-in the canyon near Salir.a, Sevier county. Several companies and some individuals are at work and have been for more than a year. On one shaft work has progressed so well that a depth of over 300 feet has been reach-ed where crosscutting through lime an ! with results that are veiy tr:ati."yhg has bsen started. Other r.re fce"ng worked in a similar min er, sinking shafts and running tun e!s in cn effort to find ore. - Giant Turtles There are numerous types of ocea1 turtles. The largest type, which ha no commercial vulue the trunk tur tie or leatherbac!; weighs severa hundred pounds and attains a Icngtl of 0 or 7 feet. An official record ol tile at the National Sinitiisnni:in fnsti tution describes a specimen found ut the American. Mu:;eum of Nntnrrt. History, which was caught off th coast of Connect leu! and was l fe'- -' long and weighed 71 ! Bazaars i Streets In the bazaar districts of 'Asiatic cities are only 8 to 10 feet wide. The larger shops are 8 by 10 and the smaller ones 5 by 6 feet, with one side giving directly on the street. In each bazaar there is a . khan for every 10 or 12 shops. These khans are two stories high with an . : open court In the center and rooms on tt four sides, all opening Into the court , A door leads from the open court into the street Each bazaar has a coffee shop, which is a large open place, covered partly by a roof, where nre a number of wooden settees ranged in rows. Anv visitor who sits down 1? first given cupful of Turkish coffee and then narghile or native pipe filled with Shrlza t .bacco. The charge for coffee and the use of the pl is 2 cents. Here merchants gither to discus trade bills. ; , .