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THE PROGRESSIVE OPINION SEWONG CIRCLE your hipline because of its piecing and weight-mjj;- ; smoothness at the sides back. The dress may be with short sleeves or sleJ' the new "below-the-elbow- " ' The style is suitable (0I rayon or wool crepes, for faille or romaine. Barbara Bell Pattern No ' 14m,, signed for sizes 34, 36, 38 ,) and 48. Size 36, sleeves t7 yards material. Send ? der to: - SEWING CIRCLE PATTERN Bt 149 New Montgomery sttt!, San Francisco Enclose 15 cents in coins for Pattern No Size., Name Address 'Jill 8 a 1 1 vlma2-- B a dress to admire for its YES, very fresh approach to the problem of looking slim and state-ly when your figure is too heavy! Pattern No. 1482-- happily over-comes your figure difficulties with a vestea effect through the top, ex-tending as a slim waist treatment. The softly gathered side pieces permit- easy roominess through the bodice, the low pointed neck-line is youthful and flattering to the face. The skirt attached at a low waistline takes pounds away from READER-HOM- SERVICE 117 Minna St. San Francisco, Calif. Enclose 10 cents in coin for your copy of GETTING A JOB WITH THE U. S. GOVERNMENT. Name Address Relief At Last For Your tew Creomulsion relieves It goes right to the seatt: trouble to help loosen and ; germ laden phlegm, and aid l to soothe and heal raw, tend:, flamed bronchial mucous t branes. Tell your druggist to s. a bottle of Creomulsion with tt derstanding you must like tie quickly allays the cough or j;. to have your money back. CREOMULSi: for Coughs, Chest Colds, Bi:- - DON'T LET CONSTIPATION SLOW YOU UP When bowels are lluggish and you feel irritable, headachy and everything you do is an effort, do as millions do chew the modern chewing gum laxative. Simply chew before you go to bed sleep with-out being disturbed next morning gentle, i. thorough relief, helping you feel awell again, full of your normal pep. Try Tastes good, is handy and economical. 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BEACONS OF SAFE Like a beacon light on the height -t- he adver ments in newspapers direct I1" you to newer, and easier ways of providing the things nee' esired. It shineS) thfa beac(m of newspaper tuan- g- and it will be to your advantage to L W U whenever you make a purchase WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS By Edward C. Wayne Hitler Takes Over Personal Command Of German Army as Russia Continues To Push Invaders Back on AH Fronts; Far East Battle Centers in Philippines (EDITOR'S NOTE When opinions are expressed In these columns, they are those ol the news analyst and not necessarily of thla newspaper.) , (Released by Western Newspaper Union.) HITLER: Inner Voice Explaining that he was answering an "inner call," Adolf Hitler took over sole command of the Nazi army because, he said, the Russian war had "exceeded all past notions." This meant that the former commander-in-chie- Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch, was out, as Hitler put it, because of "the vastness of the theater of war" and the manner in which military opera-tions, economic and political war aims were linked. Berlin circles discounted theories from other world capitals that Von Brauchitsch was dismissed because WILLKIE: To Fore Again? i ..... .- C - ! ' 1 f j i I s, . s. j WENDELL WILLKIE Out in Front? The President, attempting to run the war again with an augmented cabinet which contained no less than 15 persons, was said to be contem-plating a supreme war council which would sit with him and under him prosecute the war. And the reports had been that Wendell Willkie, his 1940 opponent, might be a member of the group. This had been speculation since Willkie lunched with the President, and since a couple of other jobs that were open were not tendered to him. Those closest to the President be-lieved he had a most prominent place reserved in his mind for Will-kie. In fact, informants as to the Presi-dent's plans named the following as probable members of a five-ma- n board which would plan the war ef-fort: Willkie. Rear Admiral Leahy, minister to Vichy, former head of the navy, for-mer governor of Puerto Rico. Vice President Wallace, now also head of the SPAB which runs priori-ties. Philip Murray, head of the C.I.O. This time it was not the Italians, but the Germans, who were fleeing across the desert North African plains along the coast, with the Brit-ish in hot pursuit. General Rommel's famous tank divisions, battered and broken, were jamming the roads toward Bengasi, chief German-Italia- n landing spot for supplies, having abandoned Der-n- a and all the ter-ritory close to the borders of Egypt. MANILA: Major Thrust The good news from Russia and Libya had been rather offset by the discouragements and losses of the Far Eastern campaign, and it had become evident that the Japanese attack on the Philippines had been slowly but steadily growing in in-tensity. Then came the report that 80 transports of Japanese troops had been sighted off the coast between the port of Lingayen and Manila. These thousands of soldiers meant that the d invasion of the Philippines was under way. U. S. land, sea and air forces then began their defense against this ma-jor battle force of Japan. ' Lingayen was called by military experts the "gateway to Manila" and because of this a strong defen-sive force was thrown into action to defend it. First reports told of the United States forces "holding their own." One unconfirmed report tqld of the sinking q at least one Japanese troop transport. A landing on Davao made the fourth spot in the islands on which the Japanese had gained at least a temporary foothold. The Davao landing became the j j I ; mmMsa ADOLF HITLER An 'Inner Voice Spoke. of the tie-u- p resulting from the Rus-sian campaign. But Hitler did say that "the present war is now enter-ing upon a new and favorable stage for us. We are now facing a deci-sion of world-wid- e importance." Germany's task until spring, he pointed out, was to "hold and defend with fanaticism" what they had already gained. EVIDENCE: On Russian Front Both returning American newspa-per observers and dispatches from Berlin itself began to hurl the heavy weight of evidence back of the facts that Russia had been informing the world about the inroads the weather was making on German strength and ability to fight and as to the defeat the Nazi armies were suffer- - potentially greatest menace against Manila, because it was on the near-by island of Mindanao, largely in-habited by Japanese and Japanese sympathizers. A hotbed of activ-ity, Davao had been editorially called Davaochukuo before the out-break of the war, because Luzon dwellers regarded it as the chief fif thre'at. The landing there was believed to have been engineered with the aid of treachery from within. The American troops gave battle to the invaders, but no claims of immedi-ate victory were made, and the land-ing was said to have been "in con-siderable force." AIRMAN: Heads Navy After a week which had seen rapid shifting about of the American naval and army high command in SHORTAGES: Looming in U. S. In addition to the tire rationing which was imminent, and the tire prohibition which preceded it, the government saw other shortages looming in 1942. Among them, it was said, would be a shortage of electric power. Such a lack, it was declared, "seemed practically certain to 1942 and 1943" in some sections of the country, in-cluding the Southeast, the South-west, the Pacific coast and part of the Middle West. Householders were warned to be parsimonious in their use of elec-tricity. ' Blackouts of all lighting, including many store signs, were predicted. HONGKONG: 'Sacrificial' Hawaii, Washington had made a sud-den move which made the supreme commander of the U. S. Navy Ad-miral Ernest J. King, an air officer. Previously the command of the Pacific and Asiatic fleets had been ing. Two Berlin dispatches had told, first in the Volkischer Beobachter, Hitler's own newspaper, that the "Russians are equal to us as fight-ers and under some conditions su-perior"; and, second, that the Ger-man soldiers were suffering terribly from the cold. The second instance was given to the World by Goebbels himself, in opening a campaign, "house to house and apartment to apartment" to collect warm clothing, particular-ly furs, for the men on the Russian front. Goebbels had said, in part: "We have done all to equip the army for winter. But winter came too early. Our soldiers will still lack much. "We must prevent German sol-diers from suffering the winter in Norway, Russia or elsewhere. "The front wants everything the Fatherland can give for defense against this winter which set in so early, earlier than usual." The American newsmen told of watching the German retreat, of the abandonment of materials, includ- - ing tanks and guns as the Nazis fled from their advanced Russian posi- - tions back over the snow-packe-roads. There had seemed to be no diminution of the Russian claims as they added division after division to the list of "those annihilated." LIBYA: Bright Spot Another bright spot in the war re-ports had been the British North African campaign, which had sud-denly gone into high gear, and there began to be a repetition of the pre-vious British campaign, which swept across Cynenaica almost to the doors of Tripoli, and resulted in the taking of an estimated 100,000 pris-oners. A band of British and Hindu and Canadian defenders of Hongkong were termed a "sacrificial garrison" in dispatches telling of the last-ditc- h fight to hold the island stronghold at the north end of the China sea. Chief hope of the defenders rest-ed on the Chinese, and oddly enough the Chinese were the chief menace to the defenders. Bearing out the former statement, the Chinese soldiers were driving southward from the East river, past Tamshui and Pingshan, within a few miles of the rear of the Japanese who had occupied Taipo and Kow-Ioo- n on the Hongkong mainland side. That this attack would be success-ful and divert enough Japanese pow-er from the Hongkong front to change defeat into victory for the British was the chief hope of the defenders. Bearing out the second statement was the fact that several hundred thousand Chinese refugees from the mainland, having no other direction in which to flee, had gone over the half-mil- e of water to Hongkong, where they were jamming the al-ready crowded island and seriously menacing supplies of food, water and shelter. These refugees were regarded as almost equal in endangering the de- - fending garrison as were the Jap-anese guns and bayonets. SUBMARINES: Versus Submarines Almost simultaneously with re-ports from our navy of the sinking of at least two Japanese vessels by our own submarines, and the ex-pressed belief that the navy was beginning the long process of block-ading Japanese shipping came re-ports of attacks by Jap submarines on our shipping along the California coast. Three vessels had been reported "attacked, one escaping and one ap-parently being bit, though the fate of the third was not at once clear. Two of them were oil tankers, the Emidio and the Agriworld. The latter vessel was said to have es-caped and the former to have been hit and to have sent out an SOS. The navy was not telling the world where its submarines were moving about, but Japan admitted about "20 TJ. S. undersea boats" were operat-ing in waters close to Japan and that their shipping was being men- - ADMIRAL STARK ' 'On the Shell?' placed in the hands of d officers, and the air arm had been believed to feel slightly "out of it." Jubilation reigned in the air force of the navy when Admiral King was placed in supreme command. The appointment had completed the shakeup and a rapid prosecution of the war in the Pacific under Ad-mirals Hart and Nimitz was ex-pected. As a matter of fact, many observ-ers wondered if the appointment did not place Chief of Operations Ad-miral Stark "on the shelf" for what duties remained to him were un-specified. Formerly he had been re-garded as the navy's supreme com-mander. DRAFT: Preparations for an army of 7,000,000 men were foreseen in the passage of the draft act and its signing by the President Also, on the heels of the action on the bill came the prediction from army headquarters that by spring there would be established in the South 10 for the housing and training of these men. "It won't be so pleasant for them as the present camps," the report said, "but we haven't time to bother abnut thqt now." Signs of Zodiac Had Significance In Middle Ages The peculiar figures st"u"?.g. the signs of the Zodiac are general ly looked upon merely as a ccurexdiitetdy today, but they once were with strange powers'. During the Middle ages the 1 supposed to influence signs were human life. As a resu t each sign was connected with a different part of the body in addition to being as-sociated with various months of the year. The Zodiac itself is an imag- - nary band in the sky with.n which of the sun, lie the apparent paths moon and major planets. Unlike the present calendar wh.ch 1942 on wiH begin the new year January 1, the Babylonian year be-gan in April. Because jams were sacrificed to the gods i with Aries, month, It was associated the ram. fcta"t,a' APRIL OCTOBER Aria, the Rm Libn. tbe BiUnc, MAY NOVEMBER Tiurus. the Ball Scorpio, the Scorpion SH JUNE DECEMBER Cemini, the Twin. S'""EJ" "" i i ( JULY JANUARY Cancer, tbe Crnb Capricoraus, the Goat - fc I,,, 4 AUGUST FEBRUARY Leo. tbe Lion Aquarius, the Waterman MS L............. i L. i, .i.m- .- SEPTEMBER MARCH Virgo, tbe Virgin Pisces, tbe Fishes May (Taurus, the bull) brought the approach of summer with the sun being conceived as a bull who plowed his way among the stars. June (Gemini, the twins) was rep-resented by Castor and Pollux, twin sons of Zeus and Leda. The backward motion of the crab' was associated with July (Cancer, the crab), the month when the sun began to retreat toward the hori-zon. Culmination of the sun's heat came in August. This was'repre-sente- d by Leo, the lion the ancient symbol of fire. v September (Virgo, the virgin) celebrated Ishtar's descent into Hades in search of her husband. The ancients recognized the balance of day and night which occurred during October (Libra, the balance). Scorpio, the scorpion, symbolized the darkness of November following the decline of the sun after the autumn equinox. December was represented by the figure of the archer, Sagittarius, god of war. January (Capricornus, the goat) symbolized the nurse which cared for the young gods of the sun. Even the weather was recognized by the men who drew up the signs of the Zodiac. February (Aquarius, the waterman) was associated with the heavy rains which periodically flooded the Nile river. March (Pisces, the fishes) marked the month when labor was resumed in the fields. It is believed that Homo Signor-um- , or Man of Signs, was originat-ed about 1300 A. D. The actual signs of the Zodiac, however, were known for many centuries before. You May Find a Career In U. S. Civil Service TF YOU'RE planning a career, you may find that U. S. Civil Service gives the opportunities you want. For Uncle Sam offers many chances to get ahead. In some office jobs you progress through six grades. A Junior ' New Worker Can Learn and Earn. Stenographer, starting at $1,400, may become a Senior, then a Principal. If you have training in a pro-fession you may start at $2,000 and progress to $9,000. ,Medicine and law are two of the fields. You may start in the mechan-- . ical trades as a Helper-Traine- e, earning while you learn. In the Postal Service you may start without special experience as letter carrier ($1,700) and ad-vance by competitive steps to postmaster. These are but a small fraction of U. S. Civil Service opportunities. Our booklet lists many other Interesting' jobs with pay, requirements, type of test giv-en. Tells how to apply. Send your order to: High Time for Pert Mk To Catch Up on Readin- Clifton Fadiman, in his l "Reading I've Liked," want layman against spending i time trying to keep up jfc latest books. He tells aboi of his old professors who s' side a pert young thing at a "Professor," she pipej "have you read He confessed he hadn't, "Oh," she said, "you'd . hurry it's been out over months." "Young lady," he said, you read Dante's 'Divine ; edy'?" "Why, no." "You'd better hurry-it- y. out over six hundred years." Result ol Zeal Through zeal knowledge is got-ten, through lack of zeal knowl-edge is lost; let a man who knows this double path of gain and loss thus place himself that knowledge may grow. Buddha. Kindness Is Greatness Kindness is always an ev;. of greatness. Malice is the erty of a small soul. If t is glad you are here, you not lived in vain. George F. man. ASK ME O I ANOTHER A General Quiz j The Questions 1. What are agenda? 2. What is the Dick test? 3. Who cut the Gordian knot? 4. What does frappe mean in cooking? 5. Was "Old Ironsides" sheeted with iron? 6. Who wrote the lines, "The world is so full of a number of things, I'm sure we should all be as happy as kings"? 7. Mohammed fled what city on what is known as the hegira? 8. What are the two most north-erly countries in South America? 9. In what country did Napole-on fight the battle of Waterloo? The Answers, 1. Memoranda of things to be done: 2. A test made by physicians to determine the susceptibility to scarlet fever. 3. Alexander the Great. 4. Chilled with ice. 5. No. The historic ship was wooden. 6. Robert Louis Stevenson. 7. Medina. 8. Venezuela and Colombia, 9. Belgium. As Man Wants It is not the greatness of a man's means thatmakeshim independent, so much as the smallness of his wants. Cobbett. Worn Creatures We ought not to treat creatures like shoes or which when use we throw away. P'u!- - Purpose of Faith Faith is the subtle chain which binds us to the infinite. Elizabeth Oakes Smith. Famous Scotch Bun A famous Scotch bun made entire-ly of egg and chopped fruit enclosed in a crust appears bountifully dur' ing New Year week. HIGHLIGHTS . " the week' s news Washington: The United States has more than 90 monitoring radio stations listening constantly for sig-- nals that might be endangering the country's war effort, it was re-- I vealed. Sacket's Harbor, N. Y.: The USO opened a radio station "broadcast-ing by soldiers for soldiers" first in the country. It was predicted that they would be opened at all camps. Washington: The havy announced a plan to offer reserve commissions to 14,000 college seniors and juniors in the country, and to permit them to finish their courses. The juniors, however, would be required to serve this conaing summer-vacatio- on ac-tive duty. San Antonio: President Roose-velt's second son, Capt Elliott Roosevelt, was graduated from an air force school and sent out into active service at once as an aerial navigator with a combat group. It was said he would be in the long-- I ans- - rccrr- nn the Atlantic. Washington: The FBI cautioned auto owners to protect their cars better against thieves since the tire shortage had made them more at-tractive as booty. London: One hundred thousand bomb and shell fillers in ordnance factories in Britain sent birthday greetings to Josef Stalin of Russia on his sixty-secon- d birthday, accord-ing to official news sources. Paterson, N. J.: A cut in "wage-incentiv-bonuses at an aircraft factory resulted in a two-ho- walk-out, quickly submitted to arbitration. Cairo: A serious shortage of wheat resulted in a decree that all Egyptian bread must contain only 50 per cent f wheat flour. Bismarck, N. D.: One hundred and ten German "enemy aliens' had arrived at Fort Lincoln for in-ternment, bringing the population of the camp to 410. The new arriv-als were described as "more sullen, grim, and harder" than the first lot, all German seen i. Two-Wee- k Celebration Fourteen days are needed in Ja-pan to celebrate the coming of the new year. During the festival streets are made lively by jumping, g and While the youths are enjoying the outdoor sports, the older people write New Year's poems or play games. After two weeks' of revelry the festival is brought to a close by burning the kado-mats- u and oth- er decorations put up for the cele- bration. Styled Purse Mirror Newest purse gadget for the worn-a- n who likes her handbag to contain all necessary makeup accessories yet not to bulge, is a smoothly de' signed double-face- d and mirror, small lightweight, with frame nd handle of plastic in such aUurine colors as emerald green, tortoise shell, or a new soft ative and practical, too, since, being terned after a dressing-tabl- e ror it is easy to locate in the purl and convenient to use.