Pulmonary emphysema second to heart disease as disabler Pulmonary emphysema is second only to heart disease as the nations leading; disabler of working men. Eight out of every 100,000 persons in the United States died of emphysema in 1963. Utah was close to the national average with 6.5 deaths to every 100,000 people. i, According to Dr. Attilio of Associate Professor Medicine, second head of the Pulmonary Division of the University of Utah College of Rcn-zett- Medicine and Chief of the Medical Service of the Salt Lake Veteran's Administration Hospital, more men die each year from emphysema than from tuberculosis. This change has occurred in the last 15 years. SWING, STOP, JUMP The highest incidence of emphysema is among men in their late 50's and early 60's. It is a highly disabling disease, found almost exclusively in men rather than women. People who die from other causes arc often found to have hiid emphysema. Emphysema develops insidiously, usually in a man with a long history of a common cough. The cough may linger as long as ten to fifteen years. The first symptom of emphysema is shortness of breath upon exertion. Dr. Renzctti said he believes emphysema is caused by a combination of smoking, plus infection, plus time, plus one Three recruits learn to negotiate one of the obstacles on the Confidence Course at Fort Gordon, Georgia. On this obstacle, trainees grasp a rope, swing to the top of the horizontal log, obtain their balance, then leap Into a sawdust pit. The course helps condition both mentally and physically for the rigorous basic combat training. the-recruit- s SKETCHES SCIENCE SI i FUTURE CROOKS can be spotted the day they begin school, say two American criminologists who have developed a test to determine criminal potential. The test is said to be 80 to 90 per cent accurate in telling whether a boy who pulls a girl's hair is a future delinquent or just July 30, HIE EUREKA (UTAH) REPORTER Page Four high-spirite- d. CRYOGENIC refrigeration for trucks and other forms of transportation involves use of intensely cold degrees F.) liquid A new system developed nitrogen. by National Cylinder Gas, Chicago, docs not inject the nitrogen directly into the cargo compartment but passes it through channels in the wall, floor and ceiling insulation. The compartment is kept nitrogen-fre20 BRUXiSM is the scientific name for grinding the teeth during sleep and, according to a study by the University of Chicago, is usually an indication that the sleeper is dreaming.- Bruxism occurs in one out of every 10 people. - e. or more unnnown factors. He pointed out that some heavy smokers do not develop emphysema. He also Indicated the possibility of genetic predisposition or inheritance of emphysema in some cases. Studies have linked heavy smoking to chronic bronchitis, a chronic cough with sputum production. Chronic bronchitis, complicated by infection, often precedes the development of Utahs Bennett 1965 on Ethics Committee emphysema. Extensive research onemphy-sem- a is being conducted in the pulmonary laboratories of the Veterans Administration Hospital. The Hospital, associated with the University of Utah College of Medicine, has the largest pulmonary laboratory in Utah. Dr. Renzetti estimates the value of its equipment at over $100,000. The laboratory is studying the correlation of the structure of lungs diseased by emphysema and their actual ability to function. A spirometer is used to measure the ability of lungs to move air in and out, since obstruction to expiration of air from the lungs is one of the key abnormalities in emphysema. A person with normal lungs can expire most of the air from his inflated lungs in three seconds, whicle a person with severe emphysema may not have expired all the air in as long as ten seconds. Machines are used to measure the residual volume of air in the lungs, or the amount of air that is never breathed out of the lungs. The residual volume of air increase in persons with emphysema, causing air to be trapped" in the lungs. The actual size of the lungs and their vital capacity of air can also be measured. Vice President, Hubert Humphrey, left, discussess the new Ethics Committee assignments with committee members, Wallace F. seated, left to right, Sens. John Cooper (R-Ky- .); John Stennis Bennett standing, left to James Pearson right, Mike Monroney The newly named Comand Eugene McCarthy mittee is authorized to investigate allegations of improper conduct which may reflect upon the Senate, to recommend disciplinary action and to suggest new Senate rules defining and insuring proper standards of conduct. (D-Miss- .); (R-Uta- .); (D-Okla- .); .). By sampling blood in arteries that come directly from the lungs, the effectiveness of the lungs in exchanging gases can be determined. The normal function of the lung is to supply oxygen to blood being carried to different parts of the body through arteries and to remove carbon dioxide from blood returning from the body through veins. If the lungs are not fulfilling this purpose, not enough oxygen and too much carbon dioxide will be present in arterial blood. (Studies on the clastic property changes in the lungs arc also conducted in the laboratry. Severe emphysema produces holes in the normal spongy texture of the lungs. A relatively new technique employed by the laboratory and only a fewr other hospitals in the nation involves the use of radioactive gas, Xenon 133. to study the blood flow and movement of air within the lungs. The movement of air and blood flow varies among diseased and normal portions of a lung. The laboratory is also conducting research on the ob- struction within the air tubes which occurs in emphysema. Complicated machines arc used to measure the airway resistance" or passage of air within the fine airways of the lungs. Researchers in the laboratory arc trying to induce ompha-sem- a in guinea pigs and other animals through introducing bacterial and virus Infections, asthma, and teaching the animals to smoke. Dr. Rcnztti said the laboratory hopes to obtain a grant from the National Institutes of Health to conduct research into the genetic aspects of emphysema. The families of men with the disease would be studied for two generations to de- - Following too closely is a prime cause of highway accidents. tcrminc histories of chronic bronchitis or emphysema. Dr. Ronzctti said treatment of emphysema involves advice to stop smoking, the use of broncho-dilatoto open obstructed air tubes, treating infections with antibiotics, treatment of heart failure which develops in some patients, and the use of oxygen or breathing machines. He said there is evidence that the progress of the disease can be stopped upon early Smokey Says: rs diagnosis. caught Atlantic cod generally range from to 25 pounds but individuals arc not unusual. Commercially 2i 50-pou- nd Help keep them green and growing!