|Paper||Western Mining Gazetteer|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Western Mining Gazetteer|
WKSTKRN MINIXCi (UZKTTKKIi. jjiutiu) $a2cllm rclcni A SENSIBLE SUGGESTION. letters from New Trilnune, occur ihe Mexico to the following sensible remarks in relation to the pernicious eHecls of the claims to old Mexican L. While's Nmv York InoneolZ. lainl Hints: Tliu doubt. ami uncertainty that hangs over the title of so much of the laud of this Territory is one of the greatest hindrances to the development of its mineral resources. No man who goes into the mountains prospecting can feel any confidence in his ability to obtain a title to a mine which he may discover. About the time he strikes rich ore, it is more than likely that some man will come along with the papers of some forgotten .Mexican land grant, and claim the title to the mine which he had no part in discovering, and never would have found himself. The great mines of this country have, almost without exception, been discovered by poor people, and their stimulus has been the hope of becoming suddenly rich. If they are in danger of losing the great prize, alter it is within their grasp, as they are in many parts of New Mexico, they will not endure the privations ami hardships of a prospectors lile. My conclusions are: First That it will be ciiminal neglect on the part of Congress if it allows the coming winter to pass without providing for the most speedy adjudication of the titles to all Mexican land grants. The valid ones ought to be continued, their boundaries definitely lixed, and patents issued for them, conveying to their owners just what the Mexican government intended to convey, and no more. The remainder of the Territory ought to corneas soon as possible under the operation of the public land laws of the United States. Second That investments in unconfirmed land grants are about as hazardous as any that can be made. A MINING BILL. Senator Teller, on the loth, offered a bill in Congress providing that any person owning six or any less number of mineral ledge or blanket claims adjacent to each other, or not more than half a mile apart, on which the assessment labor for the first year has been may thereafter perform upon any one claim of the combined number, the entire assessment labor due upon the whole number of claims. If pay mineral is reached on the claims worked, it shall then cease to be counted as one of the combination , and another shall be selected on which to work the assessment of the remainder, and so on, until pay mineral is reached tor all the ground d, per-foime- The Reno Gazette t contending that a dollar should contain one hundred gold cents worth of silver, says: The Gazette has never been suspected of treachery to the hay interest, being published in an agricultural section and enjoying a Yet this large circulation among farmers. paper has never recommended farmers to sell eighteen hundred pounds of hay as a ton. Some day the Gazette may be accused of hostility to the farming interest, as it now is to the mining interest, because it has always been bale of hay opposed to tagging a ninety-pounas a hundred pound pale. We would iike to ask the Gazette whether, if Congress should pass a law that thereafter a ton in the United States should contain neither more nor less than 1801) pounds, it would not then be an American ton? Why then is not the coin which contains 071 grains of pure silver a dollar, since Congress in 1872 passed a law so making it, and in 1878 reaffirmed this law by ordering the mint to coin more dollars of this weight. coal-corner- s s, MINERS NOTES. The discoverer of a mineral deposit on the public domain is entitled to a reasonable length of time in which to perfect the development which the local law requires of him. has a right to the possession without interference, and his right is as absolute as after the development is complete. Before a quartz claim can be legally located a lode must be discovered, and before such a discovery can be called a discoveryf at least one wall or side of the lode must lx SONORA, MEXICO. K well-define- d In the Altar district there are but ten stamps in operation as yet, but sixty more are being All the best up at three different points. mities arc going into the hands of Americans, and work is progressing favorably. mill at Cuson, of Messrs. Ma- The gruder it Co., will start up within a few weeks to work the gold mines purchased from Messrs. Wimple and Escalante. About half of the machinery for the Juarez Company has arrived at their mill site to work their group of fourteen mines for which they 20-stam- found, ! paid 8100,000. The Santa Felicita Company, near Caborcr. are busiiv putting up their works and build-- ; ing houses, and expect to commence work in about a month or six weeks. At the Cicnega, about 50 miles south of Al-- j tar, there are a great number of very rich mines, with an abundance of wood, and water sudicient for a thousand stamps ; but there are onlv about half a dozen arrastras up to the present time turning out bullion from that The principal mines in section. Cicnega are owned by Mr. Ronnie and his Tucson partners, Messrs, liav and Austin. Labor is scarce just now. but too cheap. It is not the country for a laboring man to go to. but as soon a the mills have gotten down to Anbusiness skilled labor will be required. other item, by the way it is a very poor place for tramps, and we hope that that fraternity will take heed ami remain under the protection of the Red, White and Blue. The distances between stations are too great, and the old broiled ham and bits of turkey that the natives would oiler the poor, weary pedestrian wouldnt be a fair recompense for the toil. The rules adopted by the miners of u dis-ptrict acquire validity, not from their mere enactment, but from the customary obedience and acquiescence of the miners following the enactment, The extent of a mining district may be changed by those who created it, if vested rights are not thereby interfered with. A ditch used for the conveyance of water for mining purposes is not a mere easement or incorporeal hereditament. The owner of a ditch has exclusive ami absolute power of control over and right of enjoyment of the water running in his ditch whether the water is or not, in a strict legal sense, his private property. A widow is not entitled to dower out of unopened, mines beds of coal underlying the ground. The natural percolation of water from one mine to another is not a matter to which the owner of the lower mine has any right of plaint against the owner of the other mine. The owner of the upper mine has a right to work it just as he likes, and his neighbor below cannot complain unless be finds that the water has been turned into his mine by a channel or artificial arrangement. ut p gold-bear-i- iion-deal- e d abandoned. The bill also provides that mining claims located since the 10th of May, 1872, whether located bv one or more persons, shall not exceed l,f00 feet in length along the lode NEW MEXICO PLACERS or vein; and that each claim shall not extend more than dUO feet on each side of the middle The discovery of a new region of of the lode or location at the surface. The gravel in New Mexico, upon the upper bill will be acceptable to many miners but is waters of the Rio C ramie, on a scale of magsure to meet some opposition. nitude surpassing anything since the discovery of California, is one of those events which excites surprise that such an extensive gold field LETS HAVE A CHANGE. should have remained unknown so long. Here We have had a tolerablv livelv market for are countless millions of tons of rich gold the past two or three weeks, and there have quartz reduced by the great forces of nature to boon violent fluctuations in sonic of the stocks; a condition ready for the application of the but there have been no failures and nobodv hydraulic process. The thickness ot the Rio has apparently lost more than he can stand. Grande gold gravels exceeds, in many places, In Chicago and elsewhere, where they buv and six hundred feet, or nearly three times that of s sell wheat, speculate in pork and have the like beds in California; while the average and they have two or three value per cubic yard is believed to be greater Let the lecturing in the New Mexican beds than in any other every day. big smash-upNothing upon stock gambling be stopped for awhile, and such accumulations yet discovered. and California of about hear the us Australia, since the let something discovery immorality, the which and ruin from is result tho suffering comparable for its measurable reserves of raining wheat, rearing hogs, building rail- gold available by the hydraulic process, to roads and hoisting coal, N. F. Stork Hr port. these deep placets ol tin Rio Grande. r The vitally important' question of the probable value of the gravel beds of the Rio Grando, has received the careful attention of a considerable number of good prospectors and miners accustomed to judge of the value of auriferous gravel, Their written statements and opinions all agree as to the main fact, that this auriferous gravel is unusually rich. They differ cents to only as between lifty and seventy-fivthe cubic yard, with examples of very much higher value than this. Among the big companies is the San Feliz. They bought their mine very cheap nearly two years ago, and are intending to build a railroad 20 miles long to the sea, where they will put up a large mill of 40 or 00 stamps. Arizona Citizen. i i i I corn-wonderf- ul CLIFTON COPPER MINES. The copper mines at Clifton, Arizona, are developing into an immense industry. Tin "Longfellow mine in this district is the only one that has as yet been uncovered to any depth, and its copper has been the surprise of t all interested in this metal. Situated in a comparatively unknown until a few years ago, and working with such material as could he found handy, also smelters of crude manufacture, the managers have developed one of sections in tlic the greatest world. This company have now a railroad built from tbeir mine to the works (a short, distance). for the purpose of hauling more cheaply and better the ore taken out upon tin dumps. They give employment to upward of 1)00 men, and a large number of freighters and teams in transporting the copper to the railroad at Lordsburg. From thence it is shipped to San Francisco and thence via stcamei t At pm cut they are enabled to Baltimore. ship coke from California, and can reduce tin ore to much better satisfaction than formerly. Their smelter is run by taken from Frisco river, and the results are simply dif-tric- copper-producin- g water-powe- r, enormous. Surveyor General Mason of Montana li been ordered to Washington, to assist in preparing a manual for public land surveys, ni"! also a manual for mineral survevs.