|Paper||Rich County News|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Rich County News|
THE RICH COUNTY NEWS. RANDOLPH, UTAH LICENSED INSPECTORS GRADE ALL GRAIN IN INTERSTATE OR FOREIGN SHIPMENT FREE HERD OF TUBERCULOSIS Estimated by Department of Agriculture That Disease Causes Annual Loss of $25,000,000. (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) The 165 veterinarians of the United States department of agriculture who are in the field doing tuberculosis eradication work, together with an equal number of state men, have tested approximately 500 purebred herds and found them free from the disease. The owners of these herds have been given an official certificate, stating that they tuberculosis-fre- e have accredited herds. The veterinarians also have given one test to 2,000 herds in preparation for the accredited list. The Herd Affected With Tuberculosis. owners of all these herds, together with the breeds and number in each herd, will be listed In a publication soon to be Issued by the department. Figures show that since July 1, 1918, 800 accredited herds and 1,000 herds that have passed one test have been added to the list The veterinarians now have under supervision 1,200 herds of purebred cattle and 600 herds of grades which have shown by previous tests that one or more animals The publication have tuberculosis. lists 1,100 owners of grade cattle which have successfully passed the reacquirements for tuberculosis-fre- e credited herds. It is estimated that this disease causes an annual loss of 40,-00- JixMpcv' VU EPOItTS from Washington to indicate that the service Is going to pieces rapidly from various causes and that Sep$25,000,000. tember will practically see the last 'of it. This is SUITABLE SPRAY FOR FLIES especially to be regretted in view of the recent nuMixture Suggested by Iowa State merous, extensive and disastrous forest fires In the College Will Keep off erous Little Insects. Northwest. The lesson of these, fires Is that the naThe Iowa State College experiment tional forests and national parks must station suggests the following mixture be patrolled by airplanes and protect. as being suitable for spraying dairy ed by wireless telephone. Time is a vital factor In fighting cows for flies: iust Four and one-haquarts of coal tar forest fires. They v fish one-hainstanta forest Are quarts of dip, four and gains sufficient . oil, three oil, one and one-haVL W. headway tho flames convert each live quarts of oil of tar. Dissolve three pine Into a gas retort and the flaming pounds of laundry soap In water, add gas, carried by the wind, Jumps far the ingredients of the spray, and bring ahead of the fire line, to start new the whole up to thirty gallons with fires. Also, a forest fire will run up a mountain slope with tremendous lukewarm soft water. This spray will keep off the flies speed, creating Its own draft as It and prevent the coats of the animals goes. from becoming harsh. The cows should Airplane service would instantly debe sprayed twice a day In the morn- tect a forest fire. It would reach the ing after milking and in the afternoon spot promptly, with smothering gas, when in the barn for silage or green firefighters, tools, provisions and mafeed. With a portable cart, made terials. If the national forests and from a half-barrby attaching wheels national parks are worth creating and and a spray pump and nozzle, two men administering, they are worth preservcan spray forty cows In five minutes. ing. The ordinary forest fire Is a calamity. The big one is a catastrophe. In a twinkling the growth of genMUST REPAY GENEROUS FEED erations Is gone. Where a forest stood there Is desolation which will last for Cow Is Living Machine, Taking Raw many a year. The losses in money Materials and Working Them this season, saying nothing of the Over Into Milk. menace to human life, would pay for an extensive air service equipment (Prepared by the United States DepartThat there Is a distinct and Imporment of Agriculture.) tant place for aircraft In fire protecThe cow must be regarded as a sort tion of timberlands has been regardof living machine. She takes the raw ed by the forestry officials for some materials given her In the form of food time as beyond doubt. It was with this and works them over Into milk. If the Idea In mind that arrangements were supply of proper materials is small, the made to have army airplanes and capoutput will be small. The cow that will tive balloons cover portions of the nanot repay generous feeding should be tional forests of California, Arizona, disposed of and one bought that will. New Mexico and other states this sumThere are, of course, certain inbred mer. The patrolling was started early or natural qualities In June and has so characteristics quickly proved its which even liberal feeding cannot worth, that It was proposed to extend overcome. the service to other points In the East, Including one near the White mountains In New Hampshire. s No difficulty is experienced by the airmen in detecting fires in heavy timber from elevations of 6,000 to 10,000 feet. Theres sopiething to sell every day. At present the forest service relies for the detection of fires partly on paGood silage will cut the feed bill trol, usually by men on horses, motor one-hal- f. cycles, or railroad speeders, and partly on watchers stationed on lookout Is a The 'cow with a good appetite Aircraft have many points of better producer than the finicky one. points. obvious superiority over this method. Lookouts In every broken country. Cows fed well before being turned on heavy green forage will not be likely to bloat Rseem w-tetect- lf lf lf Daipy Note-- London Land Values Sometimes one can fool a slow milker Into giving down by feeding her at milking time. Grain Sampler Obtaining Samples of Wheat In a Car. (Prepared by the United States Depart- 646 cars, or 35.1 per cent, were classed ment of Agriculture.) as dark northern spring ; 25,897 cars, A large percentage of the wheat de- or 62.1 per cent, were classed as northlivered at the terminal markets for in- ern spring; and 1,168 cars, or 2.8 per. terstate or foreign shipment Is placed cent, were classed as red spring. In the highest grades of the federal There are six grades numbered from grain standards by grain inspectors 1 to 5, the sixth being called the licensed by the United States depart- sample grade. Of the hard red spring ment of agriculture. Duluth and Min- wheat received at Duluth, 84.4 per cent neapolis are two of the largest termi- was placed In grade No. 1, and 8.3 per nal wheat markets in the country. Be- cent In grade No. 2, making more than tween January 15, 1918, when the re- 90 per cent graded No. 2 or better. vised federal grades became effective, For the same period 49,252 cars were 0 and December 31, 1918, more than inspected at Minneapolis, 71.9 per cent ' cars of hard red spring wheat were of the cars being placed In grade No. Inspected at Dulnth, of which nearly. 1, and 14.8 per cent in grade No. 2. 85 per cent was placed in grade No. 1. At Minneapolis nearly 50,000 cars LEAF SPOT HARMS LEGUMES were inspected, of which more than 70 per cent was placed In grade No. 1. When & farmer sells his wheat to Fungua Which Cause Disease Live Over Winter on Dead Leave the local elevator, a grade is placed Two Characteristics. upon it usually by the elevator mannot licensed a and by ager Inspector by the United States Departof the federal government, because (Prepared ment of Agriculture.) few such inspectors are located at Common alfalfa leaf-spand red , is the Unless country points. grain leaf-spclover In appear are similar ground at the local mill, it is finally once but are caused by two. distinct shipped to a terminal market, where a of the United says fungi, specialist indisinterested a is it graded by States of who department agriculture spector who is licensed by the secre- has the results of studies of published the In of agriculture. deciding tary s alfalfa and clover In Bullegrade the inspector uses the grades tin 759. deestablished by the United States The fungus which causes alfalfa partment of agriculture, which are leaf-splives over winter on dead often referred to as the federal grades. leaves which escape decay. There are .. Enforcing Grain Standard Act. caused In enforcing the grain standards act, two characteristics of leaf-spthe authority of the federal govern- by this particular fungus which usualment reaches only shipments of grain ly serve to distinguish It from spots in interstate commerce from one state caused by other fungi. One is the cirto another or to foreign countries. cular shape and small size of the spots, The department can not control the and the other is a small raised disk In' the center of the fully developed country buyer or elevator man, nor spot. on miller who the the spot, buys grain The disease Is one of the most sefor such transactions usually are not Interstate. While these buyers may rious and widely known of those which use federal grades, the grading Is not attack the foliage of alfalfa. It causes under the Jurisdiction of the depart- greatest loss during wet weather, and ment. If they do not assign the grades cases have been reported where It has half of the alfalfa crop, a fairly and accurately, only the state destroyed Little Is known of the method by officials can reach them. The licensed which fields become infested. Efforts inspectors, however, are under the con- to exclude the disease from alfalfa trol of the department Such Inspectors are not allowed to continue to in- fields in localities remote from other alfalfa ' surface sterilization of spect unless they are competent. If the seedby the no success. Evihave given anyone Is employed In an elevator or In these experiments at least, mill or has any connection with the dently, the department pathologist says the buying or selling of grain he can not was not carried on the surface fungus secure a license to inspect grain, and the seed probably not with the if he does no? do satisfactory work of all. The source of infestation his license may be suspended or re- seed at In such fields still furnishes an intervoked. Practically all the grain from Min- esting problem. nesota and North Dakota, and a large part of that from South Dakota, is STRAW LITTER FOR POULTRY eventually shipped to either Minneapolis or Duluth and It is there graded Where Chickens Are Confined Something Should Be Provided for by licensed inspectors. With the exIn. . Fowls to Scratch ception of durum, practically all of the wheat produced in the territory mentioned Is hard red spring. This (Prepared by the United States Depart, ment of Agriculture.) kind of wheat Is divided into three If the chicken must be confined wo subclasses or divisions, according to the percentage of dark, hard and vitre- account of bad weather, provide a good straw litter In which their grain feed g ous (flinty) kernels. For purposes It Is generally believed may be scattered. This will give them that flour from wheat containing a exercise and keep them Interested and large percentage of the dark, hard healthy. When chickens that have been and flinty kernels is superior because accustomed to free range are closely of its stronger, more elastic, and more confined this frequently checks theft abundant gluten. This Is the charac- development for the time being unless ter that has given the spring wheats they are made contented In their new of the Northwest and the hard winter quarters. Provide green feed for them wheats of certain sections of the also. Southwest their enviable reputation In the worlds market, and Is responsible NITROGENOUS FEED FOR HOGS for the almost universal premium millers are willing to pay for these Abundance May Be Secured by Seed-- wheats in normal times. ing Rape at Last Cultivation of The subclasses for hard red spring Com in Normal Seasons. wheat are: Dark northern spring, containing 75 per cent or more dark, Rape seeded at the last cultivation hard and flinty kernels, and not more of corn will furnish abundant nitrogthan 10 per cent or less of humpbnek ; enous feed for hogs In normal seanorthern spring, which contains less sons when corn Is hogged down. than 75 per cent and more than 25 Some feed high in protein is essential per cent dark, hard and flinty kernels, to supplement corn for best results in and not more than 10 per cent or less pork production. By suspending on each side of the humpback ; red spring, which contains 25 per cent or less dark, hard and cultivator a tin can with a small hole flinty kernel?, or more than 10 per In It, rape seed may he distributed in the corn field without extra labor In cent humpback. seeding.. From one to two pounds How Wheat Was Graded. Of the 41,711 cars of hard red spring of seed to the acre is the usual rata wheat received and Inspected at Du- The Dwarf Essex variety Is most comluth during the last half of 1918, 14,- - monly grown. 7 Sir Alfred Monds supposed predilection for the skyscraper raises the question of London land values. If skyCows will require attention In the scrapers were to rear their ungainly summer when the days are warm and heights In London as in New York it flies are troublesome. would not only, says the New York Evening Post, abolish the beauty of Often old cows are offered for sale London, but would Increase the price at low prices but tbey are seldom a of land, especially In the heart of the city, by about 50 per cent. It has been good Investment for the dairyman. irgued that where buildings of 80 Msmwwji&am'faeiisr cut up by deep canons or where mountain ridges obstruct the view, or In a flat country that affords no good points of vantage, are often unable to pick up fires quickly by the rising smoke, or to locate them accurately. For precise location the system in use depends on triangulatlon through reports telephoned from separate observation points. Airplanes, however, can use wireless, or even the new wireless telephone, and they can locate fires by coordinates in the same way that gunfire In war Is directed to a particular spot. - ExDerln2made in. hombine fires to put them out styow the possibilities In this direction. Bombs charged with suitable chemicals for extingiusbing fires have been used with good results. At present the only observation balloon used lu connection with forest fire patrolling Is the one maintained at the Arcadia field, near Los Angelos. This balloon Is sent aloft to a height of about 3,000 feet and remains there from 7 a. m. until 6 p. m. In case of tire a report from the balloon observer Is telephoned to the army balloon school and transmitted to the forest service at Los Angeles. Another plan to be tested later in the summer Is transporting fire fighters by dirigibles from which ladders can be lowered to the ground. Outlaw Cotton Fields. The airplane to spy out hidden cotton fields has proved successful. It is the result of an experiment carried out by the federal horticultural board of the department of agriculture. In southern Texas, where the devastating pink bollworm of cotton has been trying to Invade the United States from Mexico, there are cotton-fre- e zones, declared by law as barriers against the progress of the worm. But a few misguided farmers feel that their rights have been Infringed and have developed a tendency to become outlaw cotton planters. Much of the country Is heavily timbered, roads sra neither plentiful nor good In many places, and it has been possible for an outlaw planter to tuck away a few acres of fcotton in some hook of the woods beyond probability of discovery by ordinary means, though the department of agriculture has been making diligent efforts to spot every stalk of cotton In the quarantined areas. Last year when workers of the federal, horticultural board were on the ground, they tried out the airplane for scouting work. In this way Inspector Hensley of the board discovered seven outlaw cotton fields in the heavily wooded country along the Trinity elver and around Galveston bay which had escaped discovery. January of this year the work of locating cotton fields In the observation stories or more are erected people can well afford, to pay more for the land values than when the buildings are of the usual London business type of five or six stories. But can anybody Imagine a building of 30 stories in. London! It would dwarf St. Pauls and rob the' house of parliament and the Abbey of their distinction. Near the Bank of England land has been sold In recent years at 75 per square foot, or 3,250,000 per acre; in the Strand 12 to 20 per square foot is near the figure, while further west, in Bond . zone by aerial'patrol was officially In- augurated and has been In regular process ever since. Two flights were made later in January for the purpose of obtaining a panoramic view of the territory bordering the quarantine lines, to note the character and extent of any forests or wooded areas which might act as a natural barrier to the spread of the pink bollworm by flight of the moth, as well as to secure some idea of the value of aerial observations In connection with entomological scouting and mapping. These flights were made at an altitude of fram 1,500 to 2,000 feet-A- t ffiitlon on 9 clear day a distinct vision could be had of the Country over a range of 30 miles, and cultivated fields, buildings, shell roads, railway lines, creeks, and the chapter of wooded areas, whether pine or deciduous, could be easily distinguished. At the normal speed of the airplane 75 miles an hour the ground moves so slowly that the observer has time to get a complete picture of the area and easily to distinguish cotton from corn fields. Inspector Hensley Is enthusiastic In the belief that the airplane will tremendously facilitate all such scouting and reconnaissance work, including mapping. Similar use can be made of er agricultural and forestry which are analogous to the and survey use made of it for it In othsurveys, mapping war pur- poses. The tests made last year, followed by the more Important and systematic utilization of this new means of survey and Inspection carried out this year, marks probably the first use of the airplane In a practical way in agriculture, and may be the starting of an important use of this new means of transportation and observation for scouting and Inspection purposes In other fields of research or control work. Moorish and Arabic Rugs. art of mg weaving is said to have been taught the Venetians by The the Arab conquerors of Spain. Moorish rugs are still woven by the descendants of this race who live outside the Spanish border. Arabic mgs are woven In the simplest patterns, and In straight lines and very bright colors. The patterns often resemble those of the log cabin quilt of our While the figures In grandmothers. oriental rugs each have their own meaning, we must not forget that every color has Its own significance ns well, which varies In different countries, Just as the figures do.: In ancient Babylon scarlet was the symbol of fire, blue of the air, and purple of water. street, for example, 35 per square foot is the ruling price. The present value of the whole of the land in London is about 500 millions; add 50 per cent and the ratable value would Jump up by leaps and bounds. A Plunger. Was that young Brown I saw striking you for a loan? Why, I heard that only recently he fell Into a fortune. Thats so, but he fell Into it so hard that he went right through Boston Transcript. It" ot ot leaf-spot- ot ' bread-makin- '