|Box Elder News Journal
|No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)
|Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
|Box Elder News Journal
FARM OF WATTERS ni INTEREST TO Hint. About Cultl-ntlo- n and Yield. of tbo Soil Thereof Horticulture, Viticulture mod floriculture. ISene of 5 and garden. H ArdJ te arket Apple, in New England. interesting statistics regarding the apple business in New England are supplied by Prof. F. A. Wauga, horticulturist of the Vermont Experiment station, showing in a remarkable way the popularity of certain varieSome nd rat relief t 4 ties. The Baldwin apple, for example, has been a prime favorite In the New England states, and especially In Massa- Pan plied Doan the lk after le he nee; chusetts, but its vogue seems to be mergiving way somewhat before the its of other varieties. The following Baldfigures show the percentage of The orchards in reported. the win trees first column gives the percentage of bearing trees which are Baldwins, and the second column shows in percentages the proportion of Baldwins among trees too young to bear. Bearing. 5 Vermont 63 New Hampshire er, icing , "Kdr mli la t 61 her Maine hey 65 Massachusetts 61 Connecticut 47 Rhode Island The percentage of Baldwins Is notwhich ably reduced In Massachusetts has been the principal New England Vermont producer of this variety. In the proportion of Baldwins is greater old among newly planted trees than In orchards; but this has little significance, since Baldwin has never been a leading variety in Vermont. Rhode Island Greening, another New England favorite, does not make the showing that might be expected. The figures are as follows: Young na iad hU A hr k - C- te OB, ir Rif 4 3 1 1 1 0 A soIL Professor Bailey has rcma-'te- J Home and Fashions that, next to the apple, the Europ-aplum, Prunus dome3tica, has prohab.y n the most generalized adaptability i ab sorts of soils of any known tree. Tina when we take into account the Jap anese plums and all the various American species with their wide divers:-tie- s of adaptation, we have a selection of plants to cover the whole range of soils. The Domestics and Damson plums are generally said to grow best on rather heavy clay loam; at least they do not do their best on, light, sandy soils. A heavy clay loam need not be wet and cold; and If it is well drained and comparatively warm. It forms an Ideal soil for the European races of plums. The Japanese prefer rather lighter soils. Not Enough Good Anfmaf A. W. Cheever, In an eastern paper, says: What the business farmer wants is well-bre- d stock, and this Is more likely to be found in the yards of men who keep a record of their animals. The first herd books marked a step In the right direction, but it was a greater one that introduced the element of performance. The American cares a good deal more about knowing what a person can do now than about who his ancestors were. Good animals are much more plenty than formerly on our American farms, hut there has never yet been a time when the farmers could all fill their stables with the best animals. There have never been enough io go around. - To improve the stock of the country It has been necessary to keep a good If advising a young many grades. man now as to what kind of stock to keep I should say get the best possible within your means. But buying good stock will not alone insure success. There are farmers whose ideas of the care of animals are so crude that the best would fall In their hands. There are farmers who have not the elements The for success In their make-unest-bre- d stock in their hands would be sure to deteriorate. There are a great many good, profitable cows in farmers yards whose pedigrees cannot be traced Such cows bred to bulls of known worth should produce calves that would be well worth raising. It is not possible for us all to have at once cows that will produce milk enough to make four hundred or tnree hundred pounds of butter in a year, but by careful selection of the best. cows in our herds and breeding to superior bulls it would be possible to raise the average annual yield very materially. No lover of good stock should be disheartened because he cannot fill his yards at once with the best pure-bre- d animals. pictorial Topics Dree It will be seen that Rhode Island Greening has been practically ignored in tae planting of young orchard even in Rhode Island. The figures for Northern Spy are as follows: Bearing. 7 Vermont 1 New Hamphire 6 Maine 1 Massachusetts 3 , Connecticut 2 Island Rhode Ceress In Kentneky. Andrew A. Soule, of Kentucky, says: These figures show that Northern Spy is holding its own, or perhaps There is a degree of difference in the hardihood of the various winter ceregaining a little, in Northern New Engals which is not generally recognized. discarded been has it but that land; Connecticut and Rye and wheat are more generally and in Massachusetts, successfully cultivated than any of Rhode Island. When compared with these three the other cereals because of this fact. standard New England varieties, the Winter oats and barley are more delicate in nature and that probably acfigures for Ben Davis are particularly counts for the Indifferent success met instructive. They follow: with in their culture on the farm. While these crops may succeed when sown quite late in the season, it is very Important that they be seeded early from the first to the middle of September. It Is true that they often succeed sown as late as the middle of October, but the chances of failure are In other words, Ben Davis outnumenhanced bx late seeding, and greatly bers all the varieties previously named the loss of the seed and the crop toin the recent orchard plantings of gether is too great a risk to Incur. If nearly every state. In Maine and Verwinter rye is desired for a fall and mont the drift toward Ben Davis is es- winter pasture, it is necessary that it pecially pronounced; while even in be sown from the middle' of August Massachusetts, It is rapidly gaining on to the middle of September. It can Baldwin. often be sown in the corn field after These figures are made up from re- the last cultivation and as It makes a ports secured from several hundred of quick and vigorous growth, furnishes the leading apple growers in the states an excellent pasture from October unnamed. While it would be too much to til Christmas, or through the entire claim that they prove any particular winter if the season is mild. proposition, they certainly indicate some important changes in the apple Root Crops for Stocks, growing business of New England. Bulletin 132, University of California: Several of the vegetables are valuable in supplying succulence for the Cora. LUttng Listing corn is a practice that ha3 ration. Among the root class the one grown up mainly in the last ten years. in most common use is the mangal It is of little value in the humid states, wurtzel beet, because very large quanbut has proved serviceable in the semi-ari- d tities can be grown per acre and it is palatable to all kinds of regions, especially where the lands are light In Kansas and Ne- live atock. Carrots are also used in braska are sections where the soil dries some sections, and they have the adout very quickly after plowing. The vantage of containing a slightly larger heavy and continuous winds blow the amount of dry matter than mangels. soil after it is dry, and when rain Of all the roots, moreover, none are does not come Immediately after the more relished by horses than carrots. seed is sown, the seed is not infre- Sugar beets are not found profitable to quently blown away with the topmost grow for feeding stock, because they layers of dirt This led to the evolu- yield so small a tonnage in comparition of the practice of listing. Listing son to mangels, and the greater cost Is to place the seed in the soil without of growing and gathering can only be a general plowing. The top soil Is left undertaken on the ground of their undisturbed for the most part, and the greater value for sugar. Potatoes conhigh winds are unable to blow the tain about twice as much dry matter soil away, as it is packed solid from as mangels and three times as much They are, the rains of the previous season. A carbonaceous material. lister is a plow that turns the soil both therefore, of greater food value, hut, ways and deposits the seed corn in the like sugar beets, have too high a comfarrow behind it, allowing the dirt to mercial value as human food to make fall at the same time over the dropped them profitable for stock. seed. Its use must depend on the conditions under which the farmer exists. Agricultural Note With a farm on heavy clay soil the Broom corn is a "cash crop, and, lister will be found of no value. List- like other cash crops, has its favorable ing is practiced very little in the states and unfavorable features. Its cultivanot subject to high hot winds. and to tion on a very large scale Is seldom the drying out of the soil after plow- successful, but If properly handled on a small scale, say from fifteen to twenty-fiv- e ing. acres for the average farmer, and especially on new land where the vaPlain Orchards riety of sure crops is limited, it will Prof. F. A. WTaugh says: When prove to be as paying as almost any Henry Ward Beecher was editor of a crop that can be raised. Oklahoma column of horticultural notes in the has early seasons and can market the Western Farmer and Gardener of In- brush early In the season, when the dianapolis, Indiana, that is to say, highest price Is usually paid, and for about the year 1850, he wrote these that and other reasons should easily words: "A few plum trees will suf- become a great source of the nations fice for a private family, and the fruit supply of broom corn. must be earned by careful watchfulAfter a long time drains sometimes ness . . . plum orchards are not to be thought of." Nevertheless, extenget out of place through subsidence ot It not attended to ths sive plum orchards are now fruiting In the ground. and at length increases, slowly Injury many parts of North America, on the state of ground li Pacific coast, in Texas, Iowa, New an extremely damp The only remedy In such York, Ontario. Many more are being produced. case a dig up the old drains and planted. The plum Is also a garden start anew. tree, and peculiarly suited to the small home fruit garden, either on the city Water, in passing through the soil lot or in the farmyard. Plum trees in to U'e drains, dissolves cut small the garden, however, demand precise- amounts of mineral salts and plant ly the same treatment that they do in food, which it carries away. The . large orchards. greater the absorptive power of the I lUiits v.u not grow on solid rock, soli, the less will be the amount thus but they succeed on any kind of lost YOUTHFUL Pi OMISi. AoceMorlee well-chose- n, Topnote Plunkett, the Boy Prodigy, playing on the piano. Bishop fenced the Reporter. Is this Bishop Laughlin? inquired the young reporter, timidly, as a stern looking gentleman in clerical garb opened the door. Thats what they call me, was the RATHER reply. "Ive come to interview you, said the youth, rather sharply. You have, .eh? Well, conie in, my iad. Sit down there. Whats you name? How old are you? Whats your fathers name? What paper do you represent? These were the questions which the bishop asked before the reporter could launch out on his inter- Shirt Waist Material. Madras, ducks, linens, percales, silk ginghams, silk and mercerized cham-braall will be made up in shirt waists. The new figured piques and ducks are very fine and soft as a glove. White laced lawns are more beautiful than ever and may be found Linen colored in numerous designs. batistes seem to grow handsomer with each addition to the stock and make up prettily In separate waists. The shirt waist suit will be popular and may be made up in the same materials as tbe waists. view. He was about to make an when the bishop continued: Tve asked havent I? you many ys attempt questions, Yes, sir. And you have been good enough to answer them? Ive tried to. And some of these questions were on subjects which were none of my business? Well Now, my lad, I that you are going to ask me a lot of questions which are none of your business. I do not intend to be as good to you as you have been to me. Exit reporter, what wondering manner of man the stern old bishop su-pe- et was. TTlio wrote the Epistle to the Phi llippians, Johnny? Agulnaldo, I guess. TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN, Her Vole. She has a liquid voice, indeed, says my friend. She has, I agree. What is that she is singing, anyway? Afton Water, I answer, without looking at him. For he will not see it until afternoon. He is always bragging about his English ancestry. Tba Conversational Playgoer. I know nearly all the operas heart, said Miss Hevviswell. bv I have obeserved that, answered Miss Cayenne. I have often envied you the familiarity which enabled you to know what was going on on the stage, without interrupting your own conversation to listen. Merely a Phrase. Of course you were given Harry My coffee is entirely too sweet Harriet How did that happen? Harry I dont know; there must be more sugar m our sand than usual. IN Disappearing Hands. The hand that rocks the cradle will soon be no more. The mothers congress has declared against cradles on hygienic grounds. And now we can all feel nervous over the fate of the hand that wields the shingle, and the hand that slings the slipper, and likewise the hand that mixes the bread like mothers used to bake. Must they all go? Not for Pleas nr. Hostess (to guests, who have to spend a few days) We're so glad Gush-ingtoyouve been able to come. Miss but I do hope we are going to have better weather, or I am afraid you wont enjoy yourselves much. Miss Gushington Oh, hut my dear Lady Boreham, we didnt come here to enjoy ourseives. We came to see free- dom of the city. Yes, answered the distinguished visitor. But I had to keep so close to a regular schedule under the strict surveillance of so many committees that it was hard to realize how free I was. 1RISHTOWN. ' the Charmtn? House Gown. d Reception gown of made with poplin. The corsage is plaits stitched over the shoulders, opening out below to form a very full blouse. The waistcoat, the girdle and the deep cuffs are all of fancy cannele velvet. The waistcoat opens over a full plastron ot white mousseline de soie, cinairented with straps and hows, of black veliet. The skirt is plaited at the sides and back, the plaits being fawn-caiore- stitched down over the hips, then opening out to give a graceful flare. L Luxe. Women Should Sleep More. A physician who is a specialist Undertaker Pat McGuire Are you one of the mourners? Sure and 01 am that. The corpse owed me five dollars. sn Some Chance. Critic You have written a good many books, I know. But hav you produced anything that will live for even a generation? . Author (thoughtfully) Well, 1 have eleven children. in women nervous diseases say that hours should sleep at least nine at night and one in the daytime, says the New England Farmer. A woman will plead that she hasnt time to lie down for a few minutes in the daytime, and she will infringe upon the hours of night, which should be given to sound, healthy, needed sleep, in order to finish some piece of work which could as well be completed on the morrow. She will rush and hurry all day long, and then when the household is hushed in slumber at night she will sit to read the daily paper, thinking she will not have to pay for the time she is stealing from the nealth-givln- g sleep that comes before midnight. From the Club Woman. To the woman who would be individual, who wants to be an inspiration and a beneficence, there is but one message: Be not afraid of yourself; y get acquainted with the deeps of your own nature; face the shortcomings of your own spirit. Go into the open ' country alone if you can; if not, take a little time out of every twenty-fou- r hours to think. Just as the observance of the Sabbath is a wise thing from a physiological standpoint, so are and its breathing spaces a blessing to the individual. Gown for the Street A handsome style of gown for the street will be made of veiling of rather heavy weight, yet so that its lining shows through in a shaded fashion. This comes in all colors and can be recommended in the paler shades. It makes an excellent suit and in violet is particularly pretty. A violet veiling, made over pink, done in tailored fashion and trimmed with wide satin ribbon stitched flat to the goods upon each edge, will form the basis of a handsome suit for a woman. Varying frtylea In Sleeves Sleeves vary somewhat, yet the coat sleeves with a proper fancy flaring cuff draped yoke or plastron is also of the seem likely to prevail. More elaborate mousseline de sole. Le Costume Ele- sleeves are seen in basque and Louis coats. One dressv sleeve in the eton gant blouse is especially pretty. It is open New end Dressy Ideas. at the back from tbe wrist up over the Several handsome gowns are shown elbow, where it rounds in shape and is with the deep circular flounce made of filled with a puff 'of lace, fastened with material contrasting with the rest of loops of braid and , round crochet butthe skirt, the sleeves and yoke match- tons at the wrifct . These extend, to the ing the upper part of the skirt. This end ot the opening, but do not fasten is an effective combination and in over the elbow. black and white is very fine, but as can be understood readily, is susceptible in Black The these days of daring contrasts, of beBlack, which has already enjoyed an ing overdone shockingly. Tucking has exclusive vogue so long, will be even not gone out of fashion, but is abun- more popular this spring in the prodant on summer gowns. In the skirts duction of tailor suits and deml-dres- a there is noticeable tightness at hips gowns of peau de sole, failles, cash and almost to the knees. There comes mere and Muscovite silk. LATEST FROM PARIS. with a Name. Resentful Blau What did he say when you promisLondon the The children attending ed to be a sister to him? board schools have been examined by He looked at me earnestly for a a public vaccinator. - In the objection moment or two, and then said that it some confusion raised by the parents would be- - much more consistent if I of thought has prevailed. would make it an aunt I do not object to my child being vaccinated," wrote one; his name is An Object Lesson, to be James McCarthy. First Chorus Girl I just read that Another note by a boys mother read, the star sprained her ankle. Second Chorus Girl Thats tame. Will you please alter Jims name to Hazlewood, as I was married again last You and I would have to break our necks to get our names in the papers. Sunday? "A secret society. But what is its object? Oh, Just to have secrets from other girls. Fancy Waist Evening waist of pastel green peau de soie, tucked all over. The fronts, which cross are bordered with ficelle lace, in which ribbon of the same shade as the silk Is run. The ribbon Is knotted' in a pretty way on the left side, and on the outside of the sleevs, which are trimmed to correspond. Inside of the lace on the fronts of the waist is a drapery of plaited mousse-Mn- e de soie matching tbe silk, and the flare in graceful flounces or tiny ruffles. Yokes finish nearly all bodices, and some are outlined with fancy lace collars or berthas. Ever-Popal- ar Vaccinated 'it Reuon for Being. "What kind of a society is yours? ' asked her father. Interest to the well-dress- the n; you. of Feminine Mind. are of more importance than women sometimes think, for a He Had Sne very ordinary dress may often acquire It seems to me said young Mr. an elegance which it has not, by a Stlggins, "that there ought to be some pretty detail, be it only sort of law regulating this custom of a waist belt. Gloves and boots cannot naming children after eminent peo- be called details; they are necessaries, ple. and cannot be too good In every reHave you decided on a name for spect Details mean collars, ties, belts, your baby? veils everything, in tact, which is not "No. Im willing to leave that in a of the dress, but which forms the tout general way to his mother. Yet I must ensemble of a perfect toilet. The very draw the line. I wouldnt seem disre- purse in her hand, the chain around spectful to the Prince for anything. her neck, the combs in her hair, proIm glad he visited us, and I hope hell claim the taste of the woman. In colcome again. But I dont think he has lars the latest Is of embroidered lawn any right to be offended if I put my or lace over an under collar of black foot down and positively refuse to let silk. Another model is a high band that boy be sent out in the public of black velvet with a strass or jet schools nith such a name as Hohen-zoller- n band in the center and a sailor knot Stiggins. at the back. Transparent collars are threaded with the narrowest black velvet ribbon, as also are the lace yokes A Dead Issue. Clint I called to employ you to and fronts of some blouses. argue a case for me before the court of appeals. Briefly stated, it is this; A Point on Shirt Valit I hired a car from the waists shirt 4A point concerning Lawyer Excuse me, but 1 never ar- which is very definite just now, is that gue dead issues. to be smart they must be belted with Client Dead issues? similar color. A soft white linen a Lawyer Certainly; isnt this a carbelt, stitched along each edge and case? washable as often as occasion requires will be a necessary adjunct to the Removable summer girls wardrobe. A GOOD GUESS. --y buckles may be used, or the belt may be gathered and pinned with one of the round pins whose uses are legion. These belts may be made of any material, but a special touch of completeness is given when they are of the same material as tbe waist with which they are worn. With a white linen stock stitched with a band of the shirt waist color, and a belt ot the same material as the waist, the simplest outfit will look chic and modish. ss iso Will Frove Trifles -- p. That An Important Job. I see there Is a disposition to criticise the county commissioners for not providing fire escapes for the old court house. . Well, there is one thing they should ' do. "Whats that?' Have somebody on duty every day whose business it shall be when fire in the building is discovered to hustle from floor to floor and wake up all the sleeping jurymen. v More Statistics Nested. "I was reading in a statistical article that 87,000,373 pins are lost every flay to the United States alone. "Humph! Anything to that article on how many each man led man picks up with his feet at night V Jack Point of View. His Promlee. Whit Grieved Job But, my dear, dont you know that Job had a great deal of patience, Wigg That messenger boy Is the slowest thing alive. I wonder what opals are awfully unlucky? explained the S. S teacher. Well, Jack priced a lot of different will become of him when he grows up? Yes, broke In little Bobby, but Wagg Maybe he will develop into a ttones and he says theyre only about he wudn't of cared for that if he hadn't a fifth as unlucky as diamonds. of had so many boils. great chess player.