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|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
GROWERS ASKED TO PREVENT SPREAD OF , Imti6 in flcm&xm HEW MALADY THAT MENACES POTATO CHO? - m, 4 i : M i Known for Service Famom for Quality -- f. . Our reasonable prices make buying easy. . BOYDJJAMC .h. kAJ&M OF JEWELRY 1 fc we main . -- ; F : pfeSili: if nun lsau laiu cm . flPf Ivneiiiers 1 SB make Reatad. KtnmirmS. Sold. Writ for jprtoM-$7- J0 to SIOO. AH Utah Office' and School Supply 33 W. ind South; SK City. Vtmk tk lowne need feerhcM; gend oppnrtunltlct epea aran ur aa-sv-r Btrben u mtmt r Get prepared rood m nfficcra eumralMiaa. n If w week. Oall or mrritav Molar Collore. 8. Wt Ttrapie St, Belt Uk Oily. f. GAVE NAME TO NEW ENGLAND Result 'of Cpt Smith's. Exploration ef Shores of "North Virginia lit x : the Year 1614. ''..V CPrvpured '. Diffrnt SUflt - PoUtoet In United SUtei Depart- - by th Bent of Apiculture.) potato lndnstry U Berlonslj irtenaced by a malady new to this country th potato wart disease. Unless it can be eradicated before It spreads to commercial plantings, specialists of the United States department of agriculture say It will cost potato growers millions annually. It is easily recognized and when discovered it should be promptly reported to federal or state agricultural offi'"" ' cials. Like many other plant diseases and Insect pests, the potato "wart disease was imported frotn Europe. It la without doubt the most serious potato disease yet discovered In the United States. Unless promptly suppressed It may prove disastrous : to the entire American potato Industry, which involves nearly half a bUllon dollars ans nually. For. to Look What , 'Two bright spots reduce tho menace of this disease. easIs in It its Except early stages. ily recognised ; and It spreads slowly. However, It cannot be detected nn-t-tt the potatoes are dug, as. It does not seriously affect the ' growth or vigor of the vines.' It usually appears in the eyes of the tubers.- Spreading from this point of tnf ection, It may gradually envelop the whole potato and render It a spongy, warty mass. It Is characterised by the . prominent wart-Ux-e outgrowths on the Tfa ---.- - - of Wart DlteaM.. It is through the use of such ap I " : 7 ' - , TO IMPROVE SEED POTATOES . ; ... ' - ' Wtmmmiwmm BUInM limit r.t.-.l- u. Various States by uovsrn-- ment (Prepared Otflclala. .... Im ... by the United States Department of Agriculture.) - ' To select strains of potatoes which are best adapted for commercial production, the United States department state .of agriculture and agencies are conducting extensive ex-'periinents In seed improvement Trials are being made In Wisconsin, Minne: sota, '' Iowa, Oregon,' Washington; Maine,' and also In Louisiana, Texas, Several Oklahoma and Arkansas. strains of the leading commercial varieties now grown In the North are under test, the purpose being to study them carefully under actual growing and harvest conditions In the field, and to select the best strain of seed "of each commercial variety; ' The following year each strain will be grown oa a Urge scale. . As the supply of seed stock permits, the seed is to be distributed, among growers and seedsmen, snd In this way Is to be gradually popularised and disseminated. This Investigation will be of countrywide significance In Improving the fu. ture stocks of seed potatoes. .. . -- . . localities. , ... . , ' Keep the potatoes well cultivated. Much depends on the way the crop Is cultivated. The killing of weed If tot the caly purpose of cultivation. i . - i i jr I 1 i - -- n the first, to discover the beauties of the southwestern half of the. Maine coast and, the first to draw a map of it. an exchange recall's. In '1814 he explored the ahores of what was then 1 V you want" to see a dug- tor, out, don't go to France, go ' to Montana. : , ., child-welfar- 'r (Prepared by the United States 'Depart ' '.meat of Agriculture.) ' Xet the mole do (he work and get the blame,1 says" the1 pine mouse as tunhe scurries through a mole-mad- e nel to a hill of Juicy potatoes,"Where BdeaL' And at he eats a that, pine mice "are ' not 'Inherently laty. These pests of the gardener, orchardist and farmer are crafty. Moles burrow, tunnels in their search after grubs. Insects" and worms, and officiate as plain-clothmen In ridding the soil of rascally Insects. Pine mice tag after the moles, and destroy the vegetables and root crops Which the - ' moles free of Insects, self-servi- , es J i.l DESTROY tious dlseasei"; with . ' TV ejrrs laid f- - ! .;",". , With such" ft nurseVwho could make her rounds by automobile,' the lives' of ptopTe of the district". would be mubh safer. "; 1 Isolated I tomes In Montana.. r ITS many of the settlers . So Isolated at "present that Illness1 and even death may" find them alone and without the possibility of securing help."" Especially dangerous Is the occupation of mother out In thBDloneer country. At present. becauM of the bad roads and great distances and alsq because of the expense, mothtr after mother has no doctor and no nurse at the time when her babies an born. She goes through her fight tor life a fight ss big and as Important as hat of a soldier on the battlefield itt the crude surroimdlngs of her dugout of mud snd wood, or her "tar) per" ahack, sod Or gumbo-clahotse,. without help or only with the help of an untrained member of the tx family or of a neighbor. For a doctor Is a luxury tetthe pl-ooeeis of Montana and almost ImpossI ble to get ' la all the district Of 6,500 square' miles studied by the bureau there was not a single hospital, only three registered physicians, And not one public health or "traveling" nurse. '"My husband rode horsebeck 12 miles la a bad snowstorm for the doe-- W . 0 . )rasnpers ' y GHASSIIOPPEES lV" bTLXgrouftd fall or late he called New England, a name that has stuck, as have .'many others given :,; by .him.- In "A Description of New Englsnd." prfcited in London ; In ; 1618, Smith wrote "I hsve seen at least forty, several! habitations on the Sea Coast and found jabout.,25, excellent, good hsr and more than 200 Isles. bora.'' From Penobscot to Sagadahock thla Coast is all Mountainous and Islea of ' huge Bocks, but overgrown with all sorts i of ' good woodes' for building houses, boats, barks or shlppea: with an incredible abundance of most sorts of fish.' much fowls and sundry sorts of good fruttes for man's use The Salvages compare their store In the Sea to the haires of their beads; and" surely there - are an Incredible : ? abundance upon this Coast The moat Northern part was.at was the Bsy of Penobscot which Is East and West North and South, more than . ,.,.,....,' ten leagues." , t The northeastern half of the Maine mast waa out on the map by Cham-plai- n. Ten years before Smith's voyage he had visited Nova Scotia, discovered snd named the St John river, aid cruised as far south as the mouth of ; the" Penobscot, which he, too, en.. s J ;iiv. - w tered. 'J,' : Score! of Montana, families, father, mother," and sometimes wee babies, live In dugouts very similar to those WhitJi sheltered our soldiers in the. thick' of the fighting in France. And the life of these families here in America, especially . of mothers and children. Is almost as .difficult and dangerous as that of the soldier boys. These, facts and stories of the life of .jhese present-da- y . pioneers ' out West, nave Just been made public by the children's bureau. Homes seventy 6 one hundred miles from a railroad, without telephones, where trails are difficult and good roads almost unknown, are described In the report, which tells of the mothers and babies who suffer unnecessarily and sometimes die be cause the nearest doctor may .be, fifty r more miles away and there is no public health nurse. Man things "are needed to bring comfort and even safety to these families. The first Of these, according to the children's bureau, J4 the" public health nurse. And the. people of. the county studied agree with this recommendation Since .the; visit, of ' the agents jof the children's bureau they have sent this petition to their board of county commissioners: "We! earnestly petition' , the 'toanl that Jhey appoint a county nurse Whose services shall be given to the western half of r county. The legislature of e 191T, by the enactment of the law, empowered you to make this appointment r Because of the war, physicians were called to the service of their country and large sections of PINE MOUSE QUITE HARMFUL the county are left without medical attention. Which Will render the services of a nurse more necessary than beMakes Use of Tunnels Made by Moles fore In giving health supervision to v'' -- Destroys th Vegetable n4,k," school children, and protecting ' the ..I." Root Crope,'.... ..; health of the community from Infec' A . " Spread. - The wheel boe makes garden cultivation easy. Dont uit cultivating eow. -- Plants oeed the soil stirred bow as much as ever. ' y. ' .... rati a. Vr. I . j ilinntaa onlatwta. la ffpnerellv eaarv. dated with Virginia, but he was also -- How Disease May Be MiifgT IJAA Alfalfa Is relatively free from dis . '. eases and enemies, 1 rarently sound potatoes for seed that tb disease Is often spread to new r , l. v ' ' t "W'T'" V .sL . I Under ordinary conditions the potato-wart disease spreads slowly. It lives In the soil and on the tubers, so one or the other must usually to Introduce the disease Into a new field or locality. The spores may be carried Into cieaa soil by drainage from Infected soli, on the feet of men or animals, by planting diseased potatoes, by planting sound tubers that have grown, on Infected soil, by the use of manure from animals to which diseased potatoes have been fed, and by garbage into which peelings from diseased potatoes have been thrown. , ' Preventive Measures.- " No method of controlling the potato wart disease has yet been discovered, so every" preventive measure 'must be The uped to "keep7 ltf from 'spreading warts should be ' burned. Diseased trbers must not be fed to live stock without first being boiled. Infested soil should be planted to other crops. Potatoes should not be planted again In Infested soil for at least eight years. Federal and state agricultural ao. are working to prevent the will spread of potato wart, but-theneed heartiest cooperation from every grower and dealer of potatoes to save the Industry from this new menace. Experiments are being con. eri. ducted to learn. If possible, ways of tubers.'."" ' The warts at first are whlttsh or controlUac the malady and informatight brown. Eventually they turn to tion will be - furnished as rapidly as n darker shade. . Alter decay starts discovered. But potato, wart ' disease con-tro-L they turn- - black. Young warts, when Is much easier to prevent than " to " " "" u . , ' "7" exposed to the light, turn green. r The warty tumors vary from the Keep watch- - at digging time .for slie of a pea to-- a walnut; or they pita toes with warty growths which nay even exceed the sise of the potato are whitish or light brown when young, on which, they row. In the latter black and decayed when old.; Report case, the warty mass loses all re- promptly aU Suspicious cases to your semblance to a potato. In some hills county agent, to your. state agriculsome of the potatoes may, appear per- tural experiment station or to the fectly healthy, but the eyes are likely United States department of agriculK'-.- ' ture. to. t0 .Mected,r4ji i- . , J Cnpt." John Smith, famous for his rotnanrlcrcareei particularly the Po INTERESTING ITEMS In' the seventeenth and eighteenth Centuries there waa a profound belief In powdered mummies as Internal --"" remedies. An English automobile signal that displays the word "slow" or "stop" beside a rear light la automatically operated by the clutch pedal. r For years regarded ss valueless, huge plies of refuse around Scotch Iron and coal mines are being utilized for the manufacture of bricks. . t but he was - away," X says on Another husb,an( .left at nopn,tp get a physician, buwasjost In .a storm and did, not get back until six o'clock ' the next morning. .' .; "'. . Organizations,: including churches granges, lodges, etc., joined this health service by paying a small fee and their members are thereupon cared for by the hospital medical stafl(,free, la ao ditlod to the other cure which they get through the ' dispensaries. The service, is managed by a board of representatives of these va . rioue organizations. Even In states where such a com plete health, organization, Is not pos sible, at least rural public health nursing may be begun, and the national organization for public health nursing is urging country communities to un dertake this work! In a number of states, legislation has already been passed allowing county officials to em ploy public health nurses for the bene fit of the people. If there Is no legis statet.":..;..-'''"5;-"'-a group of farm ' "Wmter weather," said one mothef lation of this kind,' ' who lived 49 miles from a ' doctor, men and' women can at least raise "makes us prisoners. I cant tell yon funds among themselves for Such how. I am worrying about the winter. nurse. Her salary will be saved in the suffor If ray baby should. get sick rd be disease which she prevents. The which she' helps assuage Is befering helpless." ,.; ' estimation.' , Another mothef had to take a child yond of. whose national The organization, who had. appendicitis more than 123 156 Fifth avenue. New fices are at' an nearest for miles to the hospital York, Is helping farm communities to ; A operation.. .'. make surveys of whst public health 111 at became One baby nursing they need, and to secure nurses a .tUne .when, the big dry creek had funds have been raised.. overflowed its banks and there was no after ' ' Miss Ella Phillips Crundnll, has servway to cross It Therefore, no phya the1 'executive secretary of the ed sician could, be sent for, r. national Organization' for public health in another case, the nearest phy sician." who lives eight miles from pie nursing since its formation in Chicago in 1912. .; family, was sway when Its eighteen- During the war Miss Crandoll, loan day-ol- d next the ill. fell when and baby ed by the national organization, acted doctor, who lived 23 miles away, was sent for be did not arrive until after as the executive secretary of the nurs Ing committees of the council of nathe baby's death.;, ; ; .. ,. defense. She has now returned tional Cases of accident which might be to work In New York, and la diher In a or in country a city easily treated district which had adequate health fa recting the campaign to raise a large fund to enable nurses recilities, are. difficult to care for in a scholarship war work to take courses from community without such safeguards. turning In this district, for Instance, a pin in public health nursing and enter at once this' new field, of service. Miss lodged in a child's throat, and the child had to be taken 123 miles to have Crandall waa at one time oo the staff of teachers1 'college of Columbia uni It removed. versity, and Is stM special lecturer In : Need of Trained Nurses. ' the department of nursing and health. A, public health nurse, with" sn auto. The national organization for public do much the for protecmobile, could health nursing was -- formed for the tion both of children and mothers, purpose of standardising public health mainly through educating f hem In car- work; providing courses for the training for themselves and their children. of public health nurses, and servIn cases of Illness, too, she could help ing as a central bureau of advice and the overworked physician, staying with ing Information.- - ' could and be Invalid than the longer Public, health nurstng. according to . supplying that expert nursing care so Miss Crandall, has been given a great Illness. .. -important in .curing waKT": Tine by Impetus The"publia ThO story" of how one country health nurse stands for the socializaItself to protect organised tion and equal distribution according against disease, and to guard the to need 6f nursing care," Miss Crandall health of its members is described by la therfore In .direct line a secretary of the national organisa- says, "and with the democratic Ideals of wsr and tion for public health nursing. . In reconstruction. , , this community. In southwestern, Iowa, a number of counties banded together to supply a' modern boepital training Pretty Close. Patience Ion know, he just .cried School for nurses, but they also provided for health supervision of chil for joy Why, the tears were running dren in all the count schools, free down his cheeks and down mine, too. all I have to say is dispensaries, for school children ; for Tatrlcer-We- lt, tuberculosis ; , child welfare stations, yon must have been pretty close to and health and social service centers him to have his tears run down your vnJcr trained public - health - nurses. cheeki. Yookere Statesman. - Mall is no more certain than the roads or the weather. One mother wrote three months In advance to engage a physician who did not receive her letter tin til a' week after the baby was born. MM1 lathis' region Is delivered tq?'a few, central post offices only two or three times a week, and then It Is often delayed for weeks or months. It Is a common complaint that winter .underwear ordered l the fall doesn't arrive till prtng.-'- ; ?v. As might be expected front this lack" of health protection for her mothers, Montana: has bad list of casualties. More mother In proportion to the en tire number of women die in Montana than la any other state in the Union. Children are less safe, too, in' this part of Montana than in other western eon-slati- -- -- . . five-day-o- , . . " " ; com-munl- ty .... A factory for milk prod-net- s Is to be established at Dlemen, near Amsterdam,. by en organization of 27 dairymen. In that vicinity 30,000 quarts of milk are delivered dally, so that the supply for the new.dairxjrlll apparently be abundant of agriculture . The llnllan minister has just sppolnted a commission which will conduct an exhaustive Investigation with a view to determining whether or not radioactive substance! exist to Italy In sufficient Quantities to be of practical use. . "With" the .'advent of the Egyptian Pharaohs much thought and care was given to the perfecting and development of the chariot, and for more than 1000 years it was the leading vehicle of. the Pier 80, North river, built by the city of New York at a cost of more than 14,000,000, and taken over by the government last year, Is one of the most perfectly equipped steamship piers In the world. Its upper deck la used as a sub-pooffice, devoted chief ly to handling soldiers' mall. . st r i i .. NERVES ' THAT ..TIRE ; EASiUY; Is Quickly t Fatigued Hsat Nerves Practl- -' ' eally Never at Best tense of tmell One-Tha- - . The most Wslly tired nerves la the body are the nerves of smell. As yon pass n rose In the garden the qusn-tlt- y of perfume, that gets intoiyour nostril must be many millions of billion of tlmef smaller than the tiniest grain of sand. But rub the strongest perfume on your upper lip, and in a to notice It the fw seconds ybu fall serve of smell Is so quickly fatigued. The heat nerves and cold nerves, which are quite distinct from the nerves of ordinary sensation, also give over working very quickly. : A batn that seems quits hot when you get Into nse sny parIt very soon ceases to ' ticular feeling of heat Nerves of bearing and sight can go . through, an enormous amount of work. For sixteen hours a' day they work hard, and are still willing to do more. The nerves of the heart are the moat tntlrtag of all ,, From the, first dawn ef life until the last gasp they work without stopping tor one Instant ' :' "A Gallop In the Country. ' fk What pleasure Is keener than that afforded by an early morning gallop In the country T Choose a bright fresh May day, a little after sunrise, when and dew and flowers and bird-son- g wind-rustland all the sweets , snd perfumes are at their beet! mount and awayJ Your "good "horse WUI" know what you are going to do, end will show the liveliest Interest for be likes these early flights as well as you do. too He hears the bird-son. Maurice Thompson.. . : e, ... V, Seven Days Kl.no. ; The "seven days king" was ,' ;( Mas-aplel- lo (Thomas Anlella), born in 1822. Be headed a revolt against the Omke ef Arcos, at Naples, July T, 1047, forced htm to abolish the tax on provlslona, and for seven days was moat sr-master of Naples. He wss ' . k. I easslnated July J.LI 16. '. J1 "Runes" were the letters of the alused by the old Teutonic tribes.; Tho word means bidden lore. The earliest runes were merely fanciful signs supposed to possess mysterious power. The letters were even considered magical, snd were cast lota thu air, written eeparattly upon chips, to fall as fate deteruulned, on a cloth and to be read by the Interpreter. re The association of the runic with heathen superstition cnuM-- the pha bet first Christian teachers to UiBcuurat; tholr. use.