|Paper||Bear River Valley Leader|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Bear River Valley Leader|
1 Editorial and Telegraphic Section News of the World for Busy Readers TREMONTON, UTAH, THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1919. WILSON AI D I FT It Happens About MEASURES BLOCKED This Time of Year ASK AID FOR ROAD IT s AND SE AT LOGGERH E AS PLEAD FOR LEAGUE AT CLOSING SESSION CRITICS OF PEACE PACT ARE CHALLENGED BY LEADERS PROLONGED PREFILIBUSTER VENTS ACTION ON IMPORTANT BILLS BEFORE CONGRESS. SENATOR Fail to Get Action on Regular Appropriation Bills, Army, Navy and Merchant Marine Budgets and $75,000,000 Railroad Fund. Members of Lower House Engage in Charged That House Measures Are Given Scant Consideration. Senate Lengthy Debate Over the Proper Width of Tires of Vehicles in Approves Measure Postponing State of Utah. Court in Times of Epidemic. AT NEW YORK MEETING. President Says He Will Tell It to World That the American People Are in Favor of the League of Nations.. , KNIGHT INTRODUCES MEMORIAL REQUESTING FEDERAL AID IN UTAH. New York. President Wilson told Washington. A bitter controversy the American people in an addresa between President Wilson and the sen- here Tuesday night, on the eve of his return ti Paris, that. he was going hack to the peace conference to battle with renewed vigor for creation of a league of nations. "The first thing I am going to tell the people on the other side of the "water is that an overwhelming major ity of the American people is in favor of the league of nations," said the ' president. Speaking after former President Taft had expounded the main features of the proposed covenant of nations, Mr. Wilson told ' the vast audience, which filled the Metropolitan Opera house, his opinion of opponents of the league plan in America. Asserting that the league of nations ,1s "meant as a notice to? all outlaw nations that the great peoples of the world will no longer tolerate interna' tiohal crimes," the president said that ""Europe is a bit sick at heart at this very moment, because it is seen that --statesmen have had no vision, and that the only vision has been the vision of the people." "And I am amazed not alarmed, but amazed that there should be in some quarters such a comprehensive ignor ance of the state of the world," continued Mr. Wilson. "Those gentlemen do not know what the mind of men Is just now. Everybody else does. "I do not know where they' have "been closeted; I do know by what influences they have been blinded; but I do know that they have been separated from '.'the general currents of , the thought of mankind.' "And I want to utter this solemn Tvarning, nof in the way; of a threat; the forces of the world do not threat-e- n ; they operate. The great tides of the world do not give notice that they are going to rise and run; they rise in their majesty and overwhelming might,:' and those who stand in the way are overwhelmed. Now the "heart of the world 'is awake, and the "heart of the world must be satisfied." America's soldiers, he said, went overseas' feeling they were sacredly hound to the realization of these Ideas which their president had enunciated "when the United States went into the war. "There is another thing," the president said, "which critics of the league had not observed. "They not only have not observed the temper" of the world, but they have not even observed the temper of those splendid boys in khaki that they sent across the seas," he asserted. Of George Washington's warning of entangling alliances,' President Wilson .said that "the thing that be longed for was just what we are now about to supply an arrangement which will the disentangle all the" alliances-oworld." The president said criticism of the league, "do not make any impression on me" because "the sentiment of the country Is proof against such narrowness and such selfishness as that." In closing, the president said America could look forward with confidence to the future, for he had heard cheering news since he came to this side of the water about the progress that is being made in Paris towards the discussion and clarification of a great many different matters and he believed settlements will begin to be made rather rapidly 'from this time on at those conferences. Declaring that while abroad he had .'heard cries for the league of nations from the lips of people who had no particular notion of how it was to be done," the president said it was "Inconceivable that we fihould disappoint them, and we shall not" The president smiled broadly when Mr. Taft referred to the resolution Introduced In the senate by Senator Lodge, proposing rejection of the league of nations constitution as now drawn. "If the president insists, as I hope he will," said Mr. Taft, "that the league be Incorporated in the peace treaty, and brings it back, then the responsibility for postponing peace is with the body that refuses to ratify It." Referring "to the argument against a league that participation by the .United States would be in opposition to the principles laid down by George Washington, Mr. Taft delared he believed Washington, If he lived today, would be "one of the most earnest and pressing for the covenant.'? : . -- J ' f ate over the league of nations and a filibuster by a few Republican senators seeking-tforce an immediate extra session, niarked the passing at noon on March 4 of the Sixty-fourtor great war congress. Called in April, 3917, to throw America's weight into the conflict overseas, the congress held three momentous and historic sessions. Partisanship lay dormant during the war, but it broke forth in the last session to culminate in a final filibuster which successfully blocked passage of half of the fourteen regular appropriation bills, including the $750,000,000 railroad administration ' revolving fund, and the huge army, navy and merchant marine budgets. . Although unsuccessful" in their efforts to record the senate in favor of amendment of the constitution of the league of nations as now drawn, the Republican senators left in the record a resolution approved by thirty-nin- e of them opposing acceptance of the charter in its present form. Republican Leader Lodge and other spokesmen said this was notice to the president and the peace conference s that the necessary majority in the new senate for ratification of the present plan could not be obtained. Democratic leaders privately expressed belief that amendments would be made soon after the president reached Paris. : President "Wilson spent an hour at Later the capftof he formally announced ' that, despite the death in the filibuster of the railroad and other bills he would adhere to his refusal to call the new congress before his return from France, and criticised "a group of men" for their obstruction. As a result of the' filibuster, which held the senate in continuous session for twenty-si- x hours, the president had little to do at the cap-itexcept sign the $1,000,000,000 wheat guarantee bill and exchange s members and with ; ; friends. ;; Because of the president's decision on the extra session, members who crowded trains felt assured that congress would hot again as-- ; semble much before June i. . leave-taking- - out-goin- g WILSON SAILS FOR FRANCE. President Goes Back to Take Up Work Where He Left Off New York. President Wilson went aboard the U. S. S. George Washington at 12:05 o'clock Wednesday morn-ing, March 5, with Mrs. Wilson and The other members of his party. steamship sailed for France at 8:15 a. m. A company of marines stood guard at the army pier where the George Washington is docked and their bugler sounded attention as the automobile carrying Mr. Wilson and his wife drove up. Only secret service men and detectives were allowed on the pier. . SUBM RE PORT on tion of a railroad into the Uintah bus-iIn the senate on March 4, Senator J. Will Knight introduced a joint memorial, In which an appeal to con- -' gress is made. There was a prolonged debate in the house on March 4 over Representative Jacobs' bill providing that on and after January 1, 1924, none but wide-tire- d vehicles be allowed to travel over the highways of the state. It was declared that narrow tires cut up the road by advocates of the wider, while those who used the narrow maintained that they could not get along without them on the highways, particularly when in traversing canyon roads of the state. The narrow-tirewheels were said to be the only kind of vehicle farmers could use to take a canyon road, particularly when it was wet. Representative Seegmiller endeavored- to amend the bill by substituting the date when the law should become effective by fixing the time at January, 1920, and his' amendment prevailed, the speaker, casting his vote in favor of the amendment, which broke the tie. The bill as amended was then passed. Governor Bamberger in a letter sent to the senate on March 4, asks support for the request of Nephi L. Morris of the employment bureau of Utah for an appropriation of $5,000 to continue the work. It is suggested that the bureau should be kept in operation until July. . Li : KILL AMERICANS PROBLEMS HEARD IN THE COUNCIL OF POWERS BANDITS SCORE MANY OUTRAGES IN THE RICH TAMPICO OIL FIELDS. Concerns War Debts and Debts Made Before the War in Enemy Countries, and Whether They Are to be Paid or Repudiated. Repeated Raids Result in Death of Many American Citizens, the Serious Injury of Scores and a Terrible Loss in Property. The council of the great . Paris. powers on March 1 began consideration of financial and economic problems as affecting both the treaty of peace and permanent conditions after the war. This subject is taken up after weeks given to hearings on terri. torial questions. v;y,V The subject was presented in two specific reports. One was from the financial commission of whlch-.Lt- ie Klltz, French minister of finance, is chairman, and Albert Straus and Nor man Davis are the American members. The other report was from, the eco nomic commission of which Albert Clementel of France is chairman, and Bernard M. Baruch, Vance McCormick and Dr. A. A. Davis are the American members. The financial - commission's report was brief, giving the main headings of the vast financial reorganization that is required. It does not embrace reparations and indemnities for the war, as those subjects are being considered separately. Most of the headings-were presented without recom mendations which are left to the council and the plenary conference. One of the main headings concerns war debts and debts made before the war in enemy countries, and whether they are to be paid or repudiated and, if paid, the manner and priority of payments. Another heading deals with state property in territory taken over, such as state mines and state railways. Thus far, the proposal to redistribute the war burden has not been considered favorably by the British, American or Japanese members. The British do not wish to add to their 'burdens by taking part of the continental ' burdens, while Japan believes she should hold aloof from European indebtedness. A chronological stateWashington. ment of bandit outrages in the Tani-pic- o oil fields', compiled from official sources, has been submitted to the state department. The statement deals with the period from August 15, 1917, to the present and records the killing of twelve men, including eight Ameri can citizens; the wounding or otherwise seriously injuring of thirty-on- e people-- including nine women, some of. them Americans; the theft of more than $180,000 in cash, American gold; property destroyed valued at more than $50,000, and the theft of much live stock. In all, 115 raids', attacks, holdups and battles are listed in the record, which includes the depredations perpetrated upon the properties and em-- , ployes of fourteen different oil coui-- : panies. Officials said that with few exceptions these depredations occurred in territory occupied and controlled by the loyal Mexican forces sent to the oil fields in an effort to dislodge the bandit Pelaez and that in many cases the regular Mexican soldiers' were involved. By a local law, foreigners are not allowed to carry arms, so that little resistance could be made when the bandits attacked. The paymasters of the various companies, it was said here, are compelled to notify Mexican officials at Tampico of the time when they propose to go to the outlying districts to pay em ployes and the amount of money they will take. In several instances, it was said, the bandits were not satisfied with the amount of money offered' them when they held up the paymasters and their escorts and demanded the exact sum previously declared by the company to the Tampico officials. This has led to charges of collusion being formally filed with the Mexican government. COMMISSIONS ON WORLD-WID- E -- OVERSEAS TALK BY WIRELESS. Scandinavia, To Join League. The Swedish attitude Stockholm. f toward the league of nations Is like that of the small boy who hns to sit at the second table he's going to eat, but his feelings are hurt. Sweden and Col. C. H. Connor, assistant general other Scandinavian countries will Join director of military relief, American the league all right but they feel that Red Cross, Is chairman of a committee been asked to help which Is visiting the 43 general hos- they should have and should form the program league's sail soldiers and wounded pitals where In all the initial been included have ore are treated, with a view to .' the service whereve possible. discussions. ' MEXICAN OUT L W FINANCES NATIONS Suffrage Halted Before Senate." Washington. Favorable reports on the compromise resolution of the submission of a federal franchise, constitutional amendment to the states were ordered Saturday by both the senate and house woman suffrage committees, but when. Chairman Jones sought to present the senate committee's report, Senator Wadsworth of New York, Republican, objected and the report remained with the com' mittee. .... IN DELAYING BILLS. Salt Lake City. Assistance is asked Salt Lake City. The senate and the legislature of Utah from the house are. engaged in the. old fight federal government for the construc- that comes up at every session of the Planned to Have Telephone Service Between New York and London. London. Experiments in a new type of wireless telephony are so far advanced that it Is hoped within a few weeks it will be possible to speak be tween London and New York, while the establishment of a regular commercial service by wireless telephone between London and New York early next year is expected by the Marconi company. COL C. H. CONNOR OF LOWER HOUSE ARE PEEVED AT ACTION OF SENATE MEMBERS by h two-third- UINTAH BASIN d LEGISLATIVE NOTES. Legislative investigation of the defunct Merchants' bank at Salt Lake is under way. This fact was brought out when the committee on corporations in the house submitted a report. The state senate record of March 4 was one of varied activity. A total of seven measures were sent to the house; two others were passed on second reading five bills were killed by withdrawal by the author, and one was laid on the table, so that it is as good as dead. In addition there was considerable amount of routine. The absentee voters' bill was passed by the senate on March 4, as was the bill for free text books 'in high schools. Representative Bennion's bill, which provides for a classification of automobiles, is in the hands of a conference committee. The house declined to concur in the amendments added to the bill. In connection with a report from the committee named by the governor to make recommendation as to a suitable memento for Utah men who served in the world war, a. bill was introon March 1 by duced in Senators Hayward and McKInney providing for an appropriation of $25,000 for a state celebration and giving of certificates of honor to ail Utahns entitled to receive them. A partial list of biennial appointCzechs Reported Close to Famine London. Reuter's is informed by the ments was submitted to the senate Czecho-Slovalegation here that ac- of the legislature on March' 1 by GovJournal Ceske Slovo, ernor Bamberger. The list was read to the cording to the senate and then, in accordance Prague and the entire Czecho-felovawith the rules, was referred to a republic are on the verge of famine. special committee of five for consideration and report. A. MITCHELL PALMER Senator Southwick's bill prohibiting the sale or having in possession of any cigarettes or "makings" was reported from the committee on health and labor March 1, with unfavorable A minority report recommendation. Recommended that it pass if amended to prohibit the sale or use of tobacco In any form. The bill was placed on the second reading calendar. The bill relating to pure advertising was reported out of senate committee with recommendation that it pass, and It was sent to the second reading calendar for consideration when reached. That 90 per cent 'of the Hinckley prohibition bill is heartily Indorsed by the druggists of the state, is the Information which has been given to the author and members of the legislature by officers of the Utah Pharmaceutical association. The house bill creating representative district No. 29 In Daggett county, was passed on final reading by the senate. An amendment to the motor vehicle would hove barred threshing A. Mitchell Palmer, who has been bill that from the state roads fulled machines chosen by President Wilson to succeed '' ' of passage In the senate. . General , Gregory. Attorney the-senat- k k '. --v5 J : Members of the house legislature. declare they have become tired, of passing upon senate bills and having its own measures held up in the upper body and therefore there is a loud and prolonged wail upon the part of members. It was pointed out on March 3 by Representative D. D. McKay that so far this session the house has acted senate bills which upon twenty-seve- n hud been psissed ; two had been laid upon the table, four were in the hands of committees, one had been killed and one, senate bill No. 42, was lost. On the other hand the house, according to Representative Miles, had sent fifty-fiv- e measures to the senate, twenty-tw- o of which are still in the hands of committees, thirty have been read a first time and three are on the calendar. The Utah state senate on March 3 gave its reading calendar the- "once over" with the result that all but two bills were taken off and one more was added the "water fights" bill. The bills passed were the Heppler bill, regarding postponement of district court terms in times of epidemic; the judicary committee measure, which would give ttie larger cities of the state, city courts, instead of justices of the peace and municipal courts; and the Dern bill, which proposes to raise the salaries of the state, land board. - AT THE CAPITOL. The Sanford bill for the support of poor by relatives, when was aimed at the heirs who refuse to contribute anything to the support of old folks, but are on hand after the funeral to claim what little property the old folks may have left, went down to defeat in the senate by a tie vote after a lengthy and general debate. For the second time in the history of the Utah legislature, a woman presided over the house on March 3, The woman was Mrs. Grace Stratton Airey, representative from Salt Lake, and it was the second time she has presided. Among the measures passed at the March 3 session was the joint resolution indorsing the league of nations, and so reporting to President Wilson and Taft. With but two dissenting votes, the house on March 3 voted by the passage of house bill No. 130, by Representative F. W. Qiiinn, to make October 12, Columbus day, a legal holiday In Utah. By a unanimous vote the house of representatives on March 3 acceded to the wishes of the senate in eliminating what legal authorities had pronounced a dangerous feature of the Currie peonage bill, which passed th house two weeks previous. Under the terms of the Ballard bill passed by the house, if one property owner refuses to share in the expense of building a division fence he cannot collect for damages that may be done by reason of livestock entering his property from that of his neighbor. ' Two bills were introduced in the house on March 3 by unanimous consent. One by Representative Greenwood asks for an appropriation of $75,000 for the construction of an assembly hall at the University of Utah. Tho other, by Representative T. E. McKay, asks for an appropriation of $S000 for the opening of shops for the instruction of adult blind, as provided for in section 429 of the compiled laws of 1917. The entire morning session of the house on February 28 was devoted to further wrangling on house bill No. 44, providing for a state director of health education. The measure finally passed just before the house recessed for the noon hour. It secured a bare constitutional majority, the vote hav-in- g been 24 to 21 In favor of Its pas sage. By a vote of ten to eight the senate of the Utah legislature struck the ex- clusive stnte Insurance feature from the Olson workmen's compensation bill on Februnry 20, at the conclusion of three days of debate .n this issue. The bill os amended by this action permits a continuation of competitive compensation insurance participated In by the stnte fund, the private Insur V ance companies and self carriers.