|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
THE HELPER TIMES. HELPER. ,TAH sistent In upholding tbelr claims and I never undertook to decide Distinctions in the question. achievement among the attacking units on the southern face could not be made with any assurance, as all bad done more than expected. Gjeneral Pershirtq's Stonj of the A. E. F. CHAPTER LVIII with the understanding of September 2 we were now moving rapidly toward our second great offensive. Questions concerning the concentration and supply of the elements of the First army In the battle areas were being worked out by the staff of that army, who were given every possible assistance by the staff at G. II. Q. The general plan of action of the allied armies, as agreed upon at the conference of commanders in chief July 24, was, to state It simply and briefly, that the offensive should continue, each army driving forward as rapidly as possible. The aliied and American operations during the summer bad resulted In the reduction of the Chateau Thierry, Amiens and St. Mihlel salients and the great offensive was now under way. Immediately west of the Meuse river the battle line had remained practically unchanged since 1917. It was on this front the American army was to play Its la accordance tr the (CorTrUkt.19M.tn all co.atriea North Amcrku Newspaper Alliance. World right reserved, including trie Sondlnaviu. Reproduction ia whole or in pert prohibited ) -- WNU Service T3q Qeneral John J. Pershing On the afternouu of the twelfth, learning that the roads leading out of the salient between the two attacks were filled with retreating enemy troops, with their trains and artillery, I gave orders to the commanders of the Fourth and Fifth corps to push forward without delay. Using the telephone myself, I directed the commander of the Fifth corps to send at least one regiment of the Twenty-sixtdivision toward Vigneulles with all possible speed. That evening strong force from the Fifty-firs- t brigade pushed boldly forward and reached Vigneulles at 2:15 a. m. the thirteenth. It Immediately made dispositions that effectively closed the roads leading out of the salient west, of that point. In the Fourth corps the Second brigade of the First division advanced in force about dawn of the thirteenth, its leading elements reaching Vigneulles by 6 a. in. The entanglements here and there, salient was closed and our troops forming a kind of bridge for the were masters of the field. Could Pass Hindenburg Line. infantry. In all tbelr offensives the allies The troops continued to advance had spent days destroying entangle- on the thirteenth, when the line ments with artillery tire or had was established approximately eied a large a umber of heavy tanks, along the final objectives set for but we bad only a few light tanks, this offensive. In view of the favineffective for such work. The fact orable situation created just west that we bad smothered the enemy of the Moselle river by our sucartillery was an advantage, as it cesses farther to the left, a limited enabled tne leaning waves aeuo- - attack was made on that part of the eraieiy 10 ao uieir wors wuuoui front by elements of the Eighty-seconand Nintleth divisions, with serious loss.. good results. During the night our troops all rlfpd no littlp KiirriHsp nmonff the along the line were engaged in orIIIIIIIII-- I Willi MI'lll H HH'1. f ganizing their new positions for denf imiiara ann nnnpnmmieoinnori nr. fense, preparatory to the with.. Cfi. ..n in nueio toA ii. lflklnl aiuuti actciai uaja drawal of divisions and corps troops e later to see how it bad been done. for participation in the battle. September 14, 15 and f)np of thpse ollicprs. after his re- 16 local operations continued, consisting of strong reconnaissances and occupation of better ground ' for defensive purposes. Beginning of their long legs and large feet the thirteenth, several counteratTroops Overrun Objectives. In making our dispositions for tacks were repulsed. The line as battle our older divisions, the First finally established was: Haudio-monhad reSecond and ceived positions on the southern Jaulny, Vandieres. face opposite the open spaces, to Iteports received the thirteenth enable them to flank the wooded and fourteenth Indicated that the areas quickly, thus aiding the ad- enemy was retreating in considervance of less experienced .units as- able disorder. Without doubt an Immediate continuation of the adsigned to these areas. as vance would have carried us well The, whole line, pivoting on beyond the Hindenburg line and planned on the Eighty-seconadvanced resolutely to possibly Into Metz, and the tempj the right, attack. The entire operation tation to press on was very great. ' was carried through with dash and But we would probably have become deeply involved and delayed V precision. ' e operaEy afternoon the troops had the greater pushed beyond their scheduled ob- tion, to which we were wholly comjectives and by evening had reached mitted. the second day's objective on most Nearly 16,000 prisoners were taken and some 4D0 enemy guns of the southern front Our The divisions of the Fourth corps had fallen into our hands. (Dickman) and those on the left casualties numbered about 7,000. of the' First corps (Liggett) over- As the enemy retreated he set fire whelmed the hostile garrisons, and to many large supply dumps and quickly overran their positions, car- several villages. The few remainrying the fighting into the open. ing French inhabitants who found The German resistance on this part themselves within our lines were of the front was disorganized by overjoyed to be released from the the rapidity of our advance and domination of the enemy, but many was soon overcome. Although the were left destitute by the burning enemy was expecting an attack, he of their homes at the very moment did not think it would take place of deliverance. On the thirteenth General so soon and it therefore came as a came by my headquarters and surprise. When the First division, on the we went together to St. Miliiel, niarcM-- g flank of the southern at- where the people, Including chiltack, had broken through the hos- dren carrying French flags, gave tile forward positions, the squad- us a welcome wulcb may well be ron of cavalry attached to the Imagined when one realizes that Fourth corps was passed through they had been held as prisoners, the breach. At 1:45 p. m. it pushed entirely out of touch with their forward to reconnoiter the roads own countrymen, for four years, toward Vlgnaulles, but encounter- though always within sight of the ing machine gun: In position was French lines. forced to retire. All Jubilant Over Victory. On my visit tc several corps and Western Attack Slower. On the western face of the sali- division headquarters the following ent progress was not so satisfac- - day I found all Jubilant over the division, victory and overflowing with Intory. The Twenty-sixtIn its attempt to make a deep adcidents of the fighting, reciting vance toward Vigneulles, met con- many cases of individual heroism siderable resistance, and except for among the troops. The Second division (I.ejeunne) a battalion of the division reserve had not reached the day's objective. and the Eighty-nint(Wright) both The French at the tip of the claimed the honoi of capturing to follow up Thiaucourt In assigning objectives, salient had attempted e i. ...1 ueiitf- - while that village was Included In lilt; iittli&s ut uui tuutca&iui , tratlons, but made only small ad- the sector of the Second division, vances. Upon the request of Gen. the town was to be taken by the should It arrive first K. J. Blondlat commanding the Eighty-nintFrench second colonial corps, a The result was a keen rivalry beregiment of the Thirtieth division tween these divisions as to which (Cronkhlte), in reserve, was sent to should have the honor. bis assistance. The two units were equally In LVII Continued. iir. riitKei returned truiu liis observation point near the battlefield much elated over the success of the troops. He hnd been a witness to the first effort of au American array and it was a proud day for him to feel that as secretary of war Lis directing hand had led to such results. He took much pleasure in going about to all parts of the army and scorned being treated as a guest Overcome Entanglements. Thanks to the thorough preparation beforehand, the wire entanglements were more easily overcome than we had expected. Trained teams of pioneers and engineers, with bangalore torpedoes, wire cutters and axes, assisted in opening gaps in the masses of tmrbed wire covering the German positions. The leading troops themselves carried along rolls of chicken wire, which was thrown across CHAPTER h . ! d I Meuse-Ar-gonn- t, Fresnes-en-Woevr- Forty-secon- Don-cour- d Sthe Meuse-Argonn- Pe-tai- n h h h great part The disposition of the Belgian, British, French and American armies on the wide front between the North sea and Verdun was such that they would naturally converge as they advanced. So long as the enemy could hoJd his ground on the east of this battle line frontal attacks farther west might drive him back, on his successive positions, yet a decision would be long delayed. Yanks Face Strong Position. His main line of communication and supply ran through Carignan, Sedan aud Mezieres. If that should be interrupted before he could withdraw his armies from France and Belgium the communications in the narrow avenue between the Ardennes forest and the Dutch frontier were so limited that be would be unable adequately to supply his forces or to evacuate them before his ruin would be accomplished. As our objective was the Sedan-Carl- g nan railroad, it was evident that the sector assigned to the American army was opposite the most sensitive part of the German front then being attacked. The danger confronting the enemy made it imperative that he should hold on In front of the American army to the limit of his resources. From the enemy's point of view this was the vital portion of his defense line, because here It was closer to his main artery of supply than at any other point He could afford to retire his armies gradually from all fronts except the he must where bold until the last. Germans Strongly Fortified. The area between the Meuse river and the Argonne forest was ideal for defensive fighting. On the east the heights of the, Meuse commanded that river valley and on the west the rugged, high hills of the Argonne forest dominated the valley of the Aire river. In the center the watershed between the Aire and the Meuse rivers comboth valleys, with the manded heights of Montfaucon, Cunel, and of the Bois de standing out as natural strong points. From these heights observation points completely covered the entire German front. The terrain over which the attack was to be made formed a defile blocked by three successive barriers, the heights of Montfaucon, then those of Cunel and Romange and farther back the ridges of the Bois de Barrieourt and of the Bols de Bourgoyne. The Meuse river was unfordable; the Aire river fordable only In places. In addition to the heavy forest of the Argonne there were numerous woods with heavy undergrowth which were serious obstacles. These natural defenses were strengthened by every artificial means Imaginable, such as fortified strongpolnts, dugouts, successive lines of trenches and an unlimited number of concrete machine gun With the advanemplacements. tage of commanding positions the enemy was particularly well located to pour oblique and flanking artillery fire on any assailant attempting to advance within range between the Meuse and the Ar(Carlgnan-Sedan-Mezlere- Meuse-Argonn- Bar-ricou- rt the knowledge that even with few divisions to hold these positions his east and west lines of rail In rear would be communication well protected against the probability of interference. Hindenburg Position Is Objective. In accordance with the principal mission, which remained the same throughout this great offensive, the main attack of the First army was to be launched west of the Meuse river. Its right to be covered by the river and by the operations of the French Seventeenth corps on the east of the river, that corps being a part of our army. Our left was to be supported by a simultaneous attack by the French Fourth army. Our attack to Include the Argonne forest, was to be driven with all possible strength In the general direction of Mezieres. The first operation of our army was to have for Its objective the Hindenburg position on the front In Brieullessur-Meuse-Ilomagn- e with a following development In the direction of Buzancy-MezlereIn order to force the enemy beyond the Meuse and outflank his positions ou the Vouziers-Hethe- l line from the s east In conjunction with our advance, which would outflank the enemy's position south of the Alsne, the French Fourth army, by attacking successively the positions between the Aisne and the Suippes rivers, would be able to occupy the line Vouziers-ItetlieAfter that It would operate in the direction of the plateau east of the road. A liaison attachment under the French army was designated to operate along the western edge of the Argonne forest as a connecting link between the French and American armies. Aim at Tactical Surprise. Our purpose was to effect a tactical surprise. If possible, overcome the euemy's first and second positions in the area of Montfaucon and (Cote Dame Marie) of his third position before the enemy could bring It was up strong an ambitious plan and one that would require a rapid advance of ten miles through a densely fortified zone. From an estimate of the enemy's reserves and their location It was realized that we must capture Montfaucon and seize Cote Dame Marie by the end of the second day. l. e It was thought reasonable to count on the vigor and aggressive spirit of our troops to make up in a measure for their Inexperience, but at the same time the fact was not overlooked that lack of technical skill might considerably reduce the chances of complete success against well organized resistance of experienced defenders. General Petaln had already given It as his opinion that we should not be able to get farther than Montfaucon before winter. CHAPTER The LIX offensive opened the' morning of September 26. To call it a battle may be a misnomer, yet It was a battle, the greatest, the most prolonged In American history. Through 47 days we were engaged In a persistent struggle with the enemy to smash through his defenses. The attack started on a front of 24 miles, which gradually extended until the enemy was being actively assailed from the Argonne forest to the Moselle river, 90 miles. In all more than 1,200,000 were employed and the attack was driven 82 miles to the north and 14 miles to the northeast before the Meuse-Argonn- e armistice terminated hostilities. The numbers engaged, the diverse character of the fighting and the terrain, the numerous crises and the brilliant feats of Individuals and units make a detailed description of the battle extremely complicated and necessarily confusing to the reader. The outstanding fact that I desire to emphasize is that, once started, the battle was maintained continuously, aggressively and relentlessly to the end. All difficulties were overridden In one tremendous sustained effort to terminate the war then and there In a victorious manner. Battle Opens Favorably. After three hours' violent artillery preparation the attack began at 5:30 a. m. At the same time, to divert the enemy's attention elsewhere, local raids and demonstrations were made on the front. The French Fourth gonne. army (Gouraud), to our left on the west of the Argonne forest, began A dense network of wire entanglements covered every position. its attack half an hour later. Ir was small wonder the enemy had The battle opened favorably. rested four years on this front with- Our attack at that particular place out being molested. He felt secure and at that time evidently came as a surprise to the enemy, and our troops were enabled quickly to overrun his forward positions. ST. MIWEL OFFENSIVE The vast network of undestroyed barbed wire, the deep ravines, dense woods and heavy fog mads It. difficult to the movements of the assaulting Infantry, especially of some divisions In battle for the first time, yet the advance throughout was extremely Meuse-Mosell- e P vigorous. Third Corps Reaches Second Line. The Third corps (Bullard), nearest the Meuse, carried the enemy's second position before dark. The Thirty-thirdivision (Bell), wheeling to the right as It advanced, occupied the west bank of the Meuse to protect the flank of the army, The Bols de Forges, with its difficult terrain and strong machine gun defenses, was carried In splendid fashion. The right of the Eightieth division (Cronkhlte) had by noon cleared the Bols Jure In the facs of heavy mnchlne gun fire and established Its line north of Dantie-vouxOn Its left, after an fight, the division forced Its way through the strong positions on hill 202 and reached the northern slopes of that lilll. (TO i:b contintjkd.j d mskJ all-da- Msg Principle of Justice The love of men, derived from self love, Is the principle of human Justice. Iloussouu. Intermountain News- Sally Sez - Briefly Told by Busy Readers f e LIONS OFFER TO AID MORE HOSPITAL BEDS PILOT WARNS OF FIRE DEATH ENDS QUARREL DRY ICE IMPROVEMENTS mfwm fefy ti pslf JW SHERIDAN, WIO. Addition of 75 beds for general medical aud surgical cases at the existing veterans' hospital here lias been announced by the federal authorities. MT. PLEASANT, UT. The Mt. Tleasant Lions club has offered their services to Mayor Bent It. Hansen for the coming winter as a relief organization to assist city authorities. NEW PLYMOUTH, IDA. A pilot on a mail plane aroused the citizens and saved a building that was on fire here. The plane circled the town until the people were on duty as fire fighters. By Jenttn i , IDAHO FALLS, IDA Two dolmoney was in the possession of It. L. Schouler, at the time of his arrest here. SALT LAKE CITT, UT. This safe robbery this city's thirty-firs- t year yielded the robbers $1000 in an automobile office looting. TWIN FALLS, IDA. AKa Rosea of Paris, Idaho, died here following the taking of poison after an alleged quarrel with her sweetheart LEWISTON, IDA. The lure for gold continues In the central Idaho mining regions and more activity Is reported in placer and quarts lars in counterfeit fields than for several years. Besides many individual prospectors, mining engineers are entering old and new fields for investigation and representatives of capital are in most of the proven areas. PRICE, UT. Extensive Improvements In the dry ice plant at the Farnham dome will be made In the Immediate future. SALT LAKE CITT, UT. II. Gus Lundberg, 21, a senior at the University of Utah died after he accidentally breathed the fumes of an insecticide he was manufacturing in his home made laboratory near his residence. SALT LAKE CITT, UT. The Utah seed potato crop will be below normal this year, It Is announced by the official in charge of seed certification for the state board of agriculture. SALT LAKE UT. CITY, A probe is being conducted on the state prison outbreak in which one convict was killed, two Injured, and three guards injured. PROVO, UT. Utah's peach crop will be less than the first estimafe of four hundred cars, the output is now expected to reach the total of less than three hundred cars. LOA, UT. The state fish and game department has secured almost two acres of land near here, for the purpose of constructing a fish hatchery in the near future. land also contains springs with a flow of eight second feet of water. SALT LAKE CITT, UT. Looking to the prevention of accidents among school children of the state Governor George II. Dern has issued a proclamtlon urging a statewide saftey campaign and Dr. C. N. Jensen, state superintendent of public Instruction, has called on all school officials to organize schoolboy patrol squads and promote other safety measures. BOISE, IDA. The Grand Lodge of Idaho F. and A. M., will meet in Moscow for the session of 1932. BOISE, IDA. Utah and Idaho sheep and cattle owners may move their stock from drought areas for feeding in transit at points on the Missouri-Pacific- , Union Pacific and D. and It. G. W. lines without payment of freight charge at either the origin or feeding points, under an agreement made by railroad officials. The only conditions are that the stock be moved from feed lots by January 14, 1932, and that the shippers furnish bonds to guarantee the payment of freight bills after the stock has been fattened and marketed PROVO, UT. The rates for admission to the Utah county fair are to be one half- the amounts charged last year. BOISE, IDA. Some plants on which llveslock are pastured may develop poisonous properties as a result of drouth, frost, wilting, or severe trampling. The United States department of agriculture, which has been investigating reports of livestock poisoning, asserts such plants as Sudan grass, velvet grass, sorghum and Johnson grass have been found to develop prusslc acid when their growth is retarded by abnormal conditions. Once animals have eaten plants containing prusslc acid there Is little that the stockman can do. The poison acts quickly and very often the animal will die within a few minutes. T-ii- CIRCLEVILLE. UT. Citizens of this place are building a Cf mmunlty potato cellar largo enough to store several thousand bushels and will operate an electric grader. LOGAN, UT. The annual short course held for bankers at U. A. C will be held on October 10 and 17, this year. BRIG HAM CITY, UT.-- An In- crease in Utah's wheat crop is announced as the result of August climatic conditions. The crop for the year Is estimated at over four million bushels. Your family doctor's best prescription is Intermountain products. Use internally and externally as the case seems to indicate. These Brands Are Intermountain Made And Deserve Your Support Radio Irony After sitting up until three o'clock in the morning, a Los Angeles radio fan succeeded in getting Sydney, Australia. For three minutes he had the pleasure of listening to "Lady, Play Your Mandolin," which he had just tuned out three times on local stations. Los Angeles Times. Insist on Pure Virgin Made Wool Blankets In the Intermountain West UTAH WOOLEN MILLS ORIGINAL Salt Lake City THIS WEEK'S PRIZE STORY If it's coal, gas, electricity, bedding, or furniture, use Intermountain goods. If it's sugar, flour, fruit or clothing, use Intermountain goods. Make your dollar buy twice as much and still stay at home. Use Intermountain home grown, home made products for health, happiness, and economy. MRS. BERTHA HARVEY, Blanding, Utah. Ask Youe, Druggist For APEX-K-HAN- LOTION D AN INTERMOUNTAIN PRODUCT GASOLINE Packed With Power Ancient Industry The naval stores industry was in existence many centuries before Christ, when Asiatic people manu- factured pitches and oils from the gum or resin of trees along the shores of the Mediterranean. HELP UTAH Intermountain Made Brooms Uncle Eben said "Telling the plain truth," Uncle Eben, "ain't always as easy as it seems, owin' to de natural tendency of a human to get his personal 'pinions mixed up with the simple facts." Washinfton Star. THOMAS ELECTRIC CO. PUMPS MOTOrtS WATFR WHEELS BOUGHT SOLD REPAIRED 643- - WEST 2nd SOUTH SALT LAKE CITY. UTAH By Nam Black Beauty Blue Ribbon Gold Crown Just to Destroy who pull tip wild flowers, only to cast them aside, have about as much iove of nature as a pup has love for the pajamas it pulls off the clothesline. Toledo Some people Blade. CLUE SEAL CLEANSER "Some folks hab sech a tendency Wonderful Sanitary Household Cleanser and Water Softener SOLE DISTRIBUTORS ter git wrapped up in dcir own said Uncle Eben, "dat dey gits ter lookin' at de wedder as er sor-rors- ," pus'nal grievance, an' doan sympathize wif nobody." Washington Star. GOLD" "GRAINS THE WHOLE WHEAT CEREAL "Makes Cream Taste Better" Western Made For Western Trade OF Ask Your Grocer Copper fishhooks used by fishermen on the River Euphrates thousands of years ago are in the possession of the Field museum, Chicago, and are said to be not very different from modern hooks. CLAUDE NEON LIGHTS Electrical Products Corporation 1048 So. Main HELP YOU By always asking your dealer for Rait Lake Cite WANTED: Names of Agenta to tell Christmas Cards in 1931 through your local printer. Plans for 1931 being msda now. Send In roar mini lot details which will maka your selling easier withont the troubles, mistakes and delay you had in Write eastern factories. representing W. N. U. P. 0. Box 1545. Salt Lake Citj. COUCIIMAN COMPANY Salt Lake City Chimney Tops Calr. Bath Tuba, Camp Stove and all kinds of Tin, Copper and Sheet Metal work. Warm Air Furnace ' Installed and Repaired. 231 So. West Temple Thcalflahe M Z1 ovHiirdHareCo. ASK YOUR DEALER Ferns 200 Years Old Shown Sixty large tree ferns, some ten feet tall, were shown at a recent flower show at Chelsea, England. All were of great age, some being two hundred years old. FOREST DALE POTATO CHIPS Ne Equal For Crispnesa and Quality Factory 47 Kensington Ae. Bait Lake City Tel. Hy 1741 Bearing Others' Misfortunes I never knew any man in my life who could not bear another's misfortunes perfectly like a Christian. Pope in "Thoughts on Various Subjects." QIZ flfl t?t)UU per week will be paid for the best article on "Why you n s e Intermountain should made Goods' Similar te above. Send your story in prose or verse to Intermountain Products Column P. O. Box 1545, Salt Lake City, if your story appears in this column you will receive check for StlZ fift V & vU NEW STUDENTS MAY ENTER AT ANY TIME We have places for gT ' T. TT.T ' f A students to earn board and room. I Largest and Best Equipped School in the Intermountain Territory Courage Comes First The general instinct toward a public man is rarely wrong, especially when he possesses a high order of civic courage. Courage is the prime essential of statesmanship. "All goes if courage goes". As Doctor Johnson says: "Unless a man has that virtue he has no security for preserving any other." Washington Star. Hurricane's Birthplace Hurricanes usually originate in the ocean. Odd Wedding Features At the wedding of his son in Sheffield, England, Sir William Ellis wore the suit in which he was married 42 years before, while the bride wore the dress which Lady Ellis wore at her wedding, and the pearls and other jewelry which belonged to Lady Ellis' grandmother. Discovered Mustard Gas Mustard gas was first made known to the world in 1854 by the chemist, Richie.