Thursday, DfcemW 21. 1936 THE TIMES-NEW- S. NEPHI. UTAH New Year's Day in the Nation's Capital j j PAGE THREE jrt it..:.-FAMOUS , Mil Acecipa Mm. Herbert Hoover ' Spoon Bread cupful of cornrr.eal, either white or yellow 1 cupful of sweet milk 2 cupfuls boiling water "Diving, to Death" 1 or 2 ef.gs T.y H.OY1I Gir.I'.OXS 1'utier size of a walnut dive rij'.ht into this one with Diver and 1 toaspoonful of salt Adventurer Walker Kayis of New York City. Put the meal in a saucepan and And remember that we're net only divim deep clown into pour the boilini; water on it. Add the treacherous currents of the St. Lawrence river we're the salt and butter while cooking. Cii k. this for live minutes nnd divim; head first into the Kiver of Adventure, too. Ileuune from What was Walker Kaye diving fur in the St. Lawrence ? Sunken blir constantly. treasure? Nothing of the sort. It isn't always the i;l.iniM'.us jolia that stove and add, stirring the mix(which furnish the big thrills. Divers do a lot of prosaic writ in between ture, the milk and the those treasure hunts you read about, and Old I.ady Adventure lias a should have been well beaten), habit of piling it onto the lads when they're dnint! a ruiitint' j. b and are liako in moderate oven for 30 minleast expecting it. Walker was inspecting bridge foutulatiims fur a ra.I-roa- utes. Use shallow pans. The addiIn August, lt)3. he was looking over lh underpinnings of Uie tion of rice about two tablespoon-ful- s will greatly improve this famous Victoria bridge which spans the St. Lawrence at Montreal. bread. 1 IET's r(s Went Down in Dangerous ' CV Irtb" i; i 'I ' ' ' i1!": JL At .- " 4 ' -V typical scene In the day when Mr. and Mrs. American Citizen called at the White House for the annual New Year's Day reception. so great and so unruly during By ELMO SCOTT WATSON stantly shocked not only mem- with his compliments. bers of the diplomatic corps but When James Madison became this administration that Tyler in the his as well. President his vivacious wife, found it necessary to have an NOWHERE else is New Dolly Madison, did a great deal extra detail of police on hand to Unusual "Refreshments." In fact one of the most un- of entertaining and their New handle the people. However, he Year's day celebrated more in usual New Year's Day recep- Year's reception were lavish was luckier in their reaction to g accordance with in American history was displays of hospitality. The same this innovation than was one of tradition than in the nation's tions held during his administration was true of the Monroes and his successors. Later a storm of capital. Time was when the and it was unusual because of their receptions were especially protest was directed against people of virtually every Amer- the "refreshments" served. It happy affairs because this was James Buchanan because of the the "era of good feeling." "gantlet of policemen" who surican city observed the custom came about in this way: rounded the White House for his is When Adams candiAround." "Pushed a was Jefferson of "keeping open house" on date for President one of his But the receptions given by reception. There was good reason 1 and New "paying January most ardent supporters was the John Quincy Adams were not for having the officers there, howYear's calls." But modern days Rev. John Leland, a Baptist min- such happy affairs at least, not ever, for it is recorded that in the crush at least one pocket (and especially the "whoopee ister, long a resident of Virginia for that rather prim New was picked and other disorders Cheshin but at who was time much harassed that After living a all that. era") changed marred the occasion. ire, Mass. He knew what Jefferriotous New Year's Eve cele- son had done for religious liberty The Day of the Proclamation bration, the average celebrant in the Old Dominion and to show One of the most important New didn't feel much like making his appreciation he determined Year's Day receptions ever held to aid Jefferson's election in any the rounds for formal calls the in the White House was that of next day. So this custom, like way he could. One Sunday he January 1, 1863 and it was sigannounced from the pulpit that nificant because of a momentous eo many others of the every person who owned one or event which took place immedi"good old days," gradually more cows was invited to bring ately afterwards. .'Abraham Linone day's supply of milk to a went into the discard. X coln had drawn up his Emanci mill cider owned John by Capt. However, in Washington, pation Proclamation, had read it ''if a veteran of the Revoluto his cabinet and had won their where precedent is a fetish and Brown, tion. approval of this document which tradition a vital force in everyAs a result a great quantity would commit the government milk was brought to the mill day life, this custom has sur- of irrevocably to the destruction of and Leland a announced that vived longer. It has been modislavery. At noon William H. was to cheese be made fied somewhat, of course, but huge Seward, secretary of state, from it. When this was done, the the proclamation to Linbrought some Washingtonians, minister mounted a block, led among coln his signature. for especially the "Cliff Dwellers" his people in singing a hymn and "I have been shaking hands dediwas then announced he that been it has (old residents) kept since 9 o'clock this morning and this cheese, the greatest alive in much the same form as cating my right hand is almost parathe world had ever seen, to Jeffin the past. erson to whom it was to be prelyzed" Lincoln told him. "If my name ever goes into history it Perhaps one reason why it has sented. Then the question arose will be for this act, and my whole been so little changed is that as to how this huge cheese was THOMAS JEFFERSON soul is in it. If my hand trembles the annual New Year's Day re- to be transported over the 500 the political situation of the when I sign, all who examine ception at the White House has miles which separated Cheshire by will say served as a model for other and Washington. But Leland was times. "At one of these levees the document hereafter Mr. Adams was pushed about 'He hesitated.' " Saying that he to He houses." task. waited that Established as a equal "open for two hours," says signed but those who look symbol of the fact that there is until there was plenty of snow a more than chronicler. "He upon the signature on that hiscontemporary no barrier between the sovereign on the ground. Then he placed stood in center of the center toric document now say that it people and their elected leaders, the cheese in a sleigh and drove room andthe most pathetically shook was written as boldly, as firmly this custom of throwing open the it himself to Washington. Of its hands the whole time. In the and as unfalteringly as any ever doors of the Executive Mansion reception there a contemporary ladies' corner it was all chat, signed "A Lincoln." to the public on New Year's Day newspaper account said: flutter and graceful bowing. In Like Buchanan, Ulysses S. was observed by almost every Tbe Mammoth Cheese. the hall a band was planted to Grant was also severely critiPresident from Washington down Washington (Federal City), December to Hoover. By that time it be- 30. Yesterday the great cheese arrived keep the nerves of the company cized by the public in regard to a wagon drawn by six horses, hand in the proper dpgree of agitation. the New Year's reception but for came apparent that, praise- inomely decorated with ribbons. This was talking, squealing, a different reason. Because of worthy though its intent might wonderful piece of curd is a present There bowing, drinking the death of Mrs. Belknap, wife promenading, of ladles from the this which Cheshire, Republican be, imposed reception, coffee and to Thomas Jefferson, in of his secretary of war, he can sipping Massachusetts, liquors." the President of the ordeal upon the Republican President of America It When "Old Hickory" Jackson celled the function. Thereupon 4 feet 6 inches diameter. Is 1 shaking hands with thousands of measures became the riotous Washington gossips declared it people within a few hours, was foot 6 inches thick and weighs 1,250 scenes at President, his inaugural and the was a bad breach of international too great a strain upon the Chief pounds. We understand that the President reception afterwards were indic- good manners for the President Executive and when President means. In a few days, to Invite all the ative of what would likely take to slight the foreign diplomats, Roosevelt entered the White members of both houses, of both parties, the public was in- who desired to pay their respects House the custom was regret- to partake of this American cheese, ac- - place towhen White House on New to the head of the American the vited but very wisely abandoned. fully Year's Day. But "King Mob" nation, simply because of an unBegan in New York. seems to have behaved pretty fortunate tragedy, even though It began in New York when well at those affairs, for there it was in the President's official that city was the seat of governis no record of any unusually family. ment. George Washington was disorderly scenes to mar the World War Aftermath. accustomed to receive prominent receptions. Perhaps the presence In 1903, during the administragovernment officials during the 1 at these January functions of tion of Theodore Roosevelt, the day and Mrs. Washington preJackson's favorite cabinet minissided over a levee in the eveeager to Martin Van Buren, secretary public was especially ter, the ning. The custom was continued of state, who was a "fine gentle- attend the reception because in Philadelphia with the levees man" and extremely formal, White House had beentheextensivecrowds attended by both men and women toned them down. Certainly when ly remodelled and who enjoyed the refreshments Van Buren became President the which turned out to see the new were among the provided by the President and formality and decorous behaviour decorations in history. During Presihis wife, However, there was litupon which he insisted gave the largestWilson's administration the dent tle handshaking and at the close receptions a new dignity. traditional functions on January of the affair the President Were Well Shaken. They 1 were discontinued but they were usually gave a short speech apBut though the resumed in 1922 by President propriate to the occasion. public may have become when Harding. The reception that year The first New Year's recepthey visited the Executive Man- was notable for the fact that it tion held in the White House in sion, these receptions were still was the first public function since was that of President Washington something of a trial to the Presi- the war at which German and John Adams and since the Presdent and his family, as witness Austrian diplomats were present. ident's House or Palace, as it this plaintive letter written of was then called, was still unDuring the Harding, Coolldge President John Tyler's daughter-in-la- and ABRAHAM LINCOLN finished, it was held on the secHoover regimes the crowds, ond floor, in the oval room. Al- companled with abundance of American which lined up on the White of January, 1842, is passed, first The though the public was invited to biscuit and American porter. This will never to return, and I am nearly to House grounds on New Year's "the feast of reason and the going off with It. I never felt so tired Day for the chance to shake this affair, the same formality, b indeed of soul." life as I am this evening, standIn all which had characterized the lev- flow hands with the President and the "We ara all Federalists wa arc an ing upmy for two hour and shaking hands ees held by George and Martha Republicans!" I with don't know how many thousands First Lady of the Land, often And "partake of this Ameri- of people. Washington, prevailed. numbered as many as 6,000 perWith the elevation of Thomas can cheese" they did at the New Such big fists as some of the people sons. Because of the fact that hard shakes as they gave Jefferson to the Presidency the Year's reception, after the Rev. had, and such greeting such a large number poor little hand, tool One great, formal nature of the New Year's Leland had presented it in person my useless strain upon hearty countryman gave me a clutch imposed a Day receptions changed radical- to Jefferson who made an ap- and a shake that I almost expire) the man who carries the heaviest burden in our nation the anly. Although a member of the propriate speech in reply. He under. But i couldn't help laughing when nus.! Virginia aristocracy, Jefferson then cut off a piece, which he Fletcher reception was again omitted Webster whispered to me, was an extremely democratic asked the minister to take back "when taken to be well shaken." by the present administration, Western Newspaper Union. gentleman, so much that he con to the good people of Cheshire Eventually the crowds became A ns long-standin- Eng-land- er so-call- ed a I well-behav- Current. CiyrtKht I said that Adventure always lilts you when you're least expecting it. Maybe I'm wrong In this rase. Walker knew lie was Eoing to have trouble with Uie Victoria bridge at one spot any way. "I was inspecting thj piers on the Montreal side," he says, "and at this point runs a treacherous rapid which had taken the lives of two bridge workers only the previous summer. The noses of the piers reach too tar out from beneath the bridge to enable us to lower a protecting screen to stop the current. All we had to work with was a small platform. Just large enough for two men and the diver, built on the nose of Uie pier down close to the water. The pump, worked by hahd, was up on the bridge and the air line passed down the pier. A short steel ladder was lashed to the platform to enable me to descend." That's the picture. Now watch it move. Walker, looking like some strange sort of robot in his rubber suit and round ball-lik- e steel helmet is ready to go down. It la eight o'clock in Uie morning as he steps onto the ladder and little does he realize that at twelve noon four hours later he will still be down under the river fighting a life and death batUe with a racing tide. Step by step he goes down, hugging the ladder to keep from being swept downstream. Now his helmet vanishes under the surface, arid we dive down after him to see what happens. The current Is always less at the nose of the pier," says Walker, "so I planned to examine that first, then attempt to come up along the side of the shoulder. After looking at the nose, I started upstream, lying flat on my stomach to resist the current. I had moved about six feet when, suddenly, I was struck with locomotive force. A cross current had caught me and was whirling me away from Uie pier out toward the middle of the stream! WS1I - rvk. Foreign Words and Phrases Ad libitum, (L.) At will; as much as o.re pleases. Bambino. (It.) A little boy; more especially the Christ child. Ccla va sans dire. .(F.) That goes without saying; it is obvious. Desunt caetera. (L.) The rest is wanting; the citation is incom- plete. Salus populi suprema est lex. (L.) The welfare of the people is the supreme law. (Motto of Missouri.) Laudator temporis acti. (L.) One who praises bygone times. Naivete. (F.) Native simplicity. Rara avis. (L.) A rare bird, a Philippine Government On November 14, 1935, a proc- lamation certifying the freedom of the Philippine Islands and the election of officials chosen by ballot in the islands on September "In an instant I was spun around like a fishing troll crushed 17 was signed by President Roose It all happened so quickly that the by tons of roaring water. velt a few minutes after noon. At tender had no chance to snub the line. Manila occurred the "I was utterly helpless. I couldn't see, for the water was a boiling ceremonies for Presidentinaugural Manuel mass of foam, and I could no more control my movements in that Quezon on the of the Legis current than if I had been a chip of wood. But helplessness wasn't lature building. steps The island govthe worst of it An thought in the mind of Uie diver is ernment is now in its trial period balloon if the head with a the danger of the suit inflating and blowing up like a president and a republican gets knocked lower than the rest of the body. The minute I began to form of government. roll, I jammed my head against the air release valve to deflate the suit I must have done it with too much force, for the small, brass shaft of the valve bent and would not work properly. In the meantime, I was hurtled downstream and wedged into a rock fissure which, for the moment, saved my life." Tons of water were pounding against Walker, knocking the breath Mil AUUUNt, out of him and threatening to crush his body. Then, to his horror, he found that, water, trickling in through the broken air valve, was slowly filling his suit. He began trying to communicate with his tender. The roar of the water made the phone useless, and when he tried to signal by jerking the line the current made it almost impossible to feel the jerks. From the all but unintelligible signals that did come through. Walker gathered that his tender wanted him to move down with the current and be hauled in at the back of Uie pier. He fought his way out of MENTHOL COUGH DROPS the fissure. HELP BALANCE YOUR Helpless in the Boiling, Foamy Water. ever-prese- a. M LU D E 3 His Suit Inflated and Blew Up. In an instant he was picked up by the roaring water and came. His spun around like a top. Then the dreaded "blow-up- " feet shot up in the air and his head down as the suit inflated like a balloon. His helmet banged against the rocks. Water splashed around inside it. He was worse off than before. And in that terrible current there was the imminent danger that his would part. slender life-lin- e "That line," sayt Walker, "was tied around my chest, and the force of the current bent me backward. The corselet collar was forced against my neck, strangling me. After what seamed hours, a heavy rope was taut as a violin string, and all they was sent down to me. The life-lin- e had to do was loop the rope around it and Uie force of the current carried it down. But now I realized that I was very weak and everything depended on getting that rope around me and securely tied. It took me half an hour to get that rope tied in a simple clove hitch, and then I was completely exhausted. I gave a jerk on the rope to signal the tender, prayed for the breaks, and waited. Safe After Four Hours' Struggle. "I didn't mind dying so much, but the loneliness was horrible. After an eternity I felt strong jerks rr. the rope and realized I was about to be pulled in. It was now or never and I had about an even chance of getting out before the suit burst or I was broken in two by the current. But it was a strong, soady pull much steadier than I thought possible. Then, suddenly I was out of the water safe again. My men had borrowed a winch from some telephone linemen working on Uie bridge, and it was that which had pulled me out with such an even, rapid pulL" It was a surprise to Walker's tenders to see him alive. He had been under water, fighting for his life, for FOUR HOURS. A few minutes longer, and he would have drowned drowned inside his suit by the water that trickled through the air valve. "My boys' faces were chalk white when I came out," Walker says, "but my own, blue from strangulation, must have looked worse than any of them." e WS PJ ALKALINE RESERVE WHEN YOU HAVE A COLDI you suffer burning, scanty or frequent urination; backache, headache, dizziness, loss of energy, leg pains, swellings and putfiness under the eyes? Are you tired, nervousfeel ell unstrung and don't know what is wrong? Then give soma thought to your kidneys. Be sure they function properly for functional kidney disorder permits excess waste to stay in the blood, and to poison and upset the whola DO system. Use Doan's Pills. Doan's are for th kidneys only. They are recommended the world over. You can get the gend Doan's at any drug uine, store. time-teste- 5238 WNU W WNU Service. Pygmies Plentiful Contrary to popular belief, pygmies are quite plentiful in the world. Several races live In equatorial Africa and on the Pacific islands, says the Washington Post. It is thought that a race of pygmies even lived in Europe at one time, giving rise to the tales of elves, goblins, gnomes and fairies. The word "pygmy" Is Greek and means "the distance between Uie elbow and the knuckles" of a man of average size. Homer first used the word to describe a tiny race of men dwelling in a far southern land, probably Africa. "Assault and Battery An assault is an unlawful attempt or offer, on the part of one man with force or violence, to Inflict a bodily hurt upon another. A bat- tery is a wilful and unlawful use cf force or violence upou the person of another. The actual offer to use force to the Injury of another person Is assault; the use of it is battery; hence the two terms are commonly combined in the term assault and battery." Columbia University date from which Columbia university marks its existence is Tbe October 31, 1754, when a charter was granted by George II, under Uie name of King's college. During Uie Revolution its operation was sus pended and in 1776 it was used as a military hospital College actlviUes were resumed by act of legis lature. May 1. 1784, under the name of Columbia university. The site has been changed three times and con sists of 17 acres lying between - 116th SALT LAKE'S NEWEST HOSTELRY Our lobby la delightfully air cooled daring tbe summer months A Rmdlo tor Every Room 200 Rooms 200 Batha i .,ir.i: 1 1 s,feA j -- i If I. and 120th streets, Amsterdam avenue and Broadway, New York city. In 1896 the college was re organized as a university. Writing In the Sand The resourcefulness of a school teacher in early Huron county, Ohio, proves the worth of Uie saying that "Where there's a will there's a way, The teacher, Joseph Dana, was not equipped with paper or slates or pencils for writing, so he Just h structed his pupils to trace letters and figures in the sand. In this way Uie children learned spelling, grim mar and arithmetic. HOTEL Temple Square Rates $1.5Q to $3.0Q Thm Hotel Temple Sniar hmm m dew i ruble, friendly ItmM-pher- e. highly You will always find t i mm acti I ace, supremely comfortable, and therethoroughly airreeable. You ean for understand why this hotel 1st HIGHLY RECOMMENDED You ean also appreciate whyi f fa a mark of distinction o stop at thin beautiful Hostelry ERNEST C ROSSITIR, Mgr.