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Thursday. November 21. 1912 TIIK TIMKS-NEWS- . NK1MII. UTAH When Congress First Met 11X , i' .1 v. ? wasninston iUv-- w lI a .: ..,) r j-- i It would be unbecoming n . The Capitol irLl80Q By ELMO SCOTT WATSON THE time draws near for the final conof the Seventy-secon- d gress of the United States to convene In Washington, It Is Interesting to recall that the American congress met for the first time In the present National Capital Just 132 years ago and there can be no more striking evidence of the growth and progress of this nation than a comparison of and the present-daWashington present magnificent structure which houses the legislative part of our government with the "new settlement" of Washington and the uncompleted structure which was the beginning of our National Capitol. It will be remembered that the first Capital of the new nation, which came Into being as the result of the Revolution, was New York city. There It was on April 16, 17S9, that the first congress convened and the two houses, after completing their organization by electing John Langdon of New Hampshire as temporary president of the senate and Frederick A. Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as speaker of the house, met In Joint session to count the electoral votes cast In the several states a few weeks before and to proclaim officially the election of George Washington as President and John Adams as Vice President. On July 9, 1790, congress passed an act for establishing a permanent seat of the federal government and this act provided for the selection by the President of "a district of territory," ten miles square, somewhere on the Potomac river, In the region beginning at the mouth of the eastern branch or Anacostfa river and extending many miles to the northwest The President was authorized to appoint three commissioners to "survey, define and limit" the district selected and, prior to December, 1800, they were required to provide In this district "suitable buildings for the accommodation of congress and of the President, and for the public offices of the government of the United States." ."or the purpose of defraying the expenses of the purchase of the land and the erection of the bVldlngs, the President was "authorized and ret uested to accept grants of money." It was f ui ':her provided that on the first Monday of December, 1700, the seat of government should be Amoved from New York to Philadelphia, where It was to remain until December, 1800, when it was to be transferred to the new Potomac; district. In accordance with this act President Washington 'n 1791 chose one county In Maryland and oq,i In Virginia, with the Potomac river flowing! between, for the site of the new National Capital which was to be known as the District of Columbia. At first this district was ten mUss square or one hundred square miles and contained 64,000 acroes of land, which was ceded .o the federal government by the two states! of Virginia and Maryland. But in 1846 all the land on the western side of the Potomac was cded back to Virginia and as a result the Distrli t of Columbia since that time contains only ,54 square miles. As commissioners to "survey, define and limit" ie district and to erect the "suitable buildings," Washington named Oen. Thomas Johnson, who had been his Intimate friend during the Revolution, Dr. David Stuart of Virginia and Daniel Carroll, a member of that Illustrious Maryland family. The commissioners decided that the federal city should be named the "City of Washington" in honor of the first President and the plan of the city was to be made by MaJ. Pierre Charles L'Enfant,' the young French engineer and architect who had reconstructed the buildings in New York and Philadelphia ' used by congress. , advertised the commissioners In March, 1792, in the newspapers of Philadelphia, Boston and New York that they would give a lot in the who city of Washington and $500 to should "produce to them the most approved plan for a capitol to be erected In the city of Sixteen plans were submitted Washington." In response to these advertisements but all were rejected because they did not meet the require ments. Then Stephen Hallate, a French archi tect of New York, submitted a plan which met with great favor and It seemed that ne was about to be awarded the work. But in the meantime William Thornton, a talented Englishman living in New York, who had a powerful friend In the person of Thomas Jefferson, then secretary of state, drew up an elaborate plan for the Capitol and submitted It to Jfferson, who laid It before Washington S A session y the-perso- n - r - - . si il 41 PAGE THREE This Week U fc UKliSUANb Hoover Invites Roosevelt Bootleg Unemployment A River Turned Aside More Women Wanted l'l t'siilont UooviT lias Invili'il Koosttwlt, Wild Will l)t' l'l i(iiilfiu l Marcli, to l lit? lo ditfi'liihs foiciKii loans and unite In rccomnieiiilalion to This lntt'rt'MliUK Invitation in ubsolntoly m w la Aini'riiaii poll ti. s. In view jf thf Iouk am! at this time unnecessai ily Ioiik interval be tut'eu fleet iou ami aetual Iiuiiikh ration, it would Keem that th 1'resiilent to he and the I'rt Kiilent tnlKht well consult fteiiuently for the fcood of the country. To run one kind of adininlstra tlon without modification up to March 4lh and HUddenly break into another set of Ideas seems scarce ly desirable. It would uot be done in any other business. t'lDVI IIH)!1 Wliilt-Hous- in-x- J the representatives of this nation to assemble for the first time, In his solemn temple, without looking up to the Supreme Ruler of the universe, and imploring his blessing. 'May this territory be the residence of v!r-ture and happiness! In this city may that piety and virtue, that wisdom and magnanimity, that On the other hand, It Is conceiv able that Governor Roosevelt may want to keep his hands and mind clear of any agreement while studying problems reserving defi nite action until his term begins. Governor Roosevelt's attitude on foreign debts, his willingness or unwillingness to transfer the load from the shoulders of Europe to the shoulders of American taxpay ers is not known. But it is known that at least ninety per cent of our people see no good reason why they should pay In taxes the debts that the people of other countries Incurred dl rectly or Indirectly and spent In the big war. If Governor Roosevelt acted merely as a politician, which Is not his habit, he would say, regardless of his own views on foreign debts: 'Let President Hoover add this to his other worries. There is no reason why I should step in and make recommendations that might cause my administration to begin In public disfavor." Smith No Longer First Among American names AT THE FIRST UiZZZZ The fortunes of the nauie Hinltll dhow the peculiarity of certain American cities mid the difference between Kat and West. It Is sur- prising that the Smiths blmiili ever be outnumbered. I'.eslde having the greatest usage of any hunmnie lnce early Colonial times. Smith desigof nates numerous later fniullle I'.ritlsh blood and is the natural translation for various lion I'.rillsh designations, especially those niean-- : Ing smlili. In the process of time, It has gained l,iiKl,inl hearers In the United States. Yet In New York the Smiths are matched In numbers by the Cohens, who are only one t w leth as morons In the country as a whole. and In Milwaukee Schmidt takes the leading position In spite of the fact that (here are 111 times as many Smiths In the land as there are Schmidts. Chicago presents still another picture, for there Smith Is second to Johnson, a mi me greatly favored by Scandinavians. From Chicago to Seattle, and Indeed In I,on AiurcleH, extends an area of Scandinavian influence having Its capital In Minneapolis and St. Paul, and In It the Smiths are outnum bered not only by .Johnsons, but also by the Andersons. Nelsons and Peter sons. Howard F. Baker In the American Mercury. NIGHT AND MORNING if ' 1114" A VTKl AND POT Essence 1 of Mistbl ON YOUR HANDKERCHIEF AND PILLOW IT'S NtW Operating Roomi In Black Hospitals In IUisla are to have op eratiic' rooms entirely In black. All operating table linen and garmeiiti worn h. ii;e surgeon Hinl his assistants are to be made of black cloth. Soviet surgeon say that with caref'il lighting delicate work can be don with the minimum of eye strain. 1111- -' E. Try Lydla t Mexico an Old Country Mexico Is a land that was old when Spain first came there in search of gold In 1521 : Mexico had marble palaces while wigwams were still In use In North America; painting was taught In Mexico ninety-ninyears before the Pilgrim fnthers landed at Plymouth Rock; Mexico had n Christian church In 1525, and the Mexico City of today was rising from Montezuma's ruins ninety-threyenrs before the Dutch bought Man hattan Island. Mexico had books and music printed In presses brought from Spain just a century before the first English printing press was established at Cambridge. e -- Pinkhem'i VegtUbl r ifr'n ' Compound t Yr eii l a Flying Into a Temper Touchr . . . irritable! Evcrvthin? tineta her. She needs Lvdit E. Pinkham s Vegetable Compound to toothe her nerves and build up her health by it tonic action. Salt Lake City's fewest Hotel which adorned constancy and be name bears it whose the great character forever held in veneration ! Here, and through out our country, may simple manners, pure v. I. morals and true religion flourish forever! . liiTV "It Is with you, gentlemen, to consider wheth Columor er the local powers over the District ' . V. bia, vested by the Constitution in the congress V of the United States, shall be immediately exercised. If, in your opinion, this Important e-: m trust ought now be executed, you cannot fall, while performing It, to take Into view the future probable situation of the territory for the X WAS happiness of which you are about to provide. vPtnztfD You will consider It as the capital of a great Governor White of Ohio says nation, ' advancing with unexampled rapidity legal beer will end racketeering. It in arts, In commerce, In wealth, and In popula- may, but not soon. Too many have tion ; and possessing within Itself those ener- grown accustomed to living on gies and resources which, If not thrown away, crime. learned why she was always JJnfmt she or lamentably misdirected, will secure to It a Mr. Al Capone, of miserable and found out about 200 Tile Baths 200 Rooms Tablets NR and of course (Nature Remedy). Now she gets long our great industry. In his prison In prosperity fine with everybody. This safe, depend along Radio connection in every room. This first session of congress in the new Cap Chicago, said to this writer: laxative brought quick relief able, quiet nerves because it cleared her syatem ital was destined to witness some of the most RATES FROM 1.50 "What's going to become of my and of poisonous wastes bowel action made exciting scenes in the history of the nation. Al people if they stop my beer busi easy and regular. Thousands take NR daily. tut J QppotU Monmom Tatmadt It's -such a- lorm-insure, pleasant corrective. Mild, though the Federalists had a small majority in ness? I have two or three hupdred nonnaoit JeEfer-son.- . con was the evident ERNEST C. ROSSITER, Mgr. that No bad after political congress, it young men working for me, nice effects. At your I which they had had since with an enthusiastic endorsement. boys, with their little homes and druggist wtoc The Presl trol of the country dent thought it admirable and said it combined constitutional government went Into effect was kiddies, making one hundred anc a a Quick relief foe acid from them. Adams' rigor tkm. heart barn. Only 10c He fast slipping away "grandeur, simplicity and convenience." to two hundred and fifty dol fifty ous of the alien and sedition laws enforcement ENJOY A TRIP TO wrote to the commissioners, requesting them to citizens Into the lars a week. Anybody who thinks had driven many foreign-bor- n adopt Thornton's plan In preference to Hallate's, will to back n Feminine at Slant Democratic-Republicago SALT LAKE AND they jobs thirty party. Then, too, but charged them to do it "with delicacy." Im rising were dollars a week doesn't know "So your wife Is going In for poll-ticcauses for bitterness which there other mediately the commissioners Informed Hallate eh?" said the neighbor. NEWHOUSE of the once Fed much." of the change and upon his examination of marked the doom been Also the "jobs at thirty dollars a "Yes," sighed the meek one, "she's in of control had the who govern Thornton's plan, the Frenchman declared that eralists, no longer there. gone downtown now to get a new hat Thornton had stolen the Idea from his (Hal- ment of the new nation continuously for eleven week" are to throw Into the ring." Cincinnati years. late's) original designs. The 1S00 was an The of Presidential Enquirer. bootlegger campaign "unemployed beThe result was an acrimonious dispute tween the two men which lasted for several exciting one with John Adams as the Federal- problem" may be with tous soon If Atlas could lift the world, but In free from running with the plan is carried out months but In the end the commissioners ac- ist candidate for Charles Cotesworth Pinckney as Vice President. prison all jailed for violating pro hard times like ours could he lift a cepted Thornton's plan and awarded him the hibition laws. them on the Democratic-Republica- n mortgage? first premium. As a sort of consolation prize, Opposedwasto Thomas Vice Pres Jefferson Governor Rolpb of California says ticket (then they gave Hallate a premium of $250 and ap You scold about a new fashion for for President and Aaron Burr for Vice that as soon as his State's over u9 pointed him as one of the architects of the Cap- ident) President whelming vote against prohibition l year or two and then surrender. itol with an annual salary of $2,000. is will a in he hun resulted for certified The several free the election victory As supervising architect for the Capitol a tal 3r who received 72 elec dred convicted of bootlegging. It ented young Irishman named James Hoban, Democratic-Republicanwhose plan for the "President's house" had al toral votes to the Federalists' 65. The Consti will be hard for them to accustom at that time provided for each Presiden themselves to a "$30 a week," and ..aw? 4 fey .WWMti ready been accepted, was appointed and It was tution MRS. J. H. WATERS. Prn. decided to construct the Capitol of Virginia tial elector to vote for two persons without harder still to find the $30. W. E. SUTTON, Mgr. was to be President and sandstone, instead of brick as was first pro designating which On the site of the great Hoover 100 Baths to which The Vice President. 400 Rooms be re person was a and obtained from stone the posed, quar was to be Dam the Colorado River for ages $2.00 to $4.00 ry on Aqula creek. On September 18, 1793, the ceiving the highest number of votes cornerstone of the Capitol was laid and from President and the next highest Vice President has rushed with its millions of gal Family Room to the Constitution In 1804, Ions per minute through the high If 4 or S Persons bladder is that time on the work of construction was car (By an amendment either because your irritated, the electors are now required to vote separate rock wails of a narrow canyon. It your urine is too acid or because inflamried on energetically. follows that path no longer, foi mation is present, just try Gold Medal TWO PERSONS In the meantime congress was meeting in ly for President and Vice President.) Choice Ouulds $250 man's engineering genius has turn Haarlem Oil Capsules. This fine, old prepawere wnen cast votes was tne electoral it Room with Bath $250 made an appropriation Philadelphia and had run ration has been used for this purpose for to ed the it river aside, forcing found the that of crafty political, manipulation of $46,923 "for the necessary expense of the years. That its popularity continues is an artificial tunnel, dug In 237 THE HOTEL the best proof that it works. But be sure In Aaron Burr had resulted in a tie vote for him through removal" of the government to Washington. one of sides the canyon's rocky both you get GOLD MEDAL. Accept nosubstitute. being higher than the June, 1800, all the records, papers, office furni self and Jefferson, almost a mile high. 35e&75c ture, etc., of the various federal departments vote for Adams. So the election was thrown SALT LAKE CITY. UTAH Amid the GOLD MEDAL were loaded on packet sloops at Philadelphia into the house of representatives. rusher" once the river Where house the to ballot excitement, began HAARLEM OIL CAPSULES and despatched for the new city on the banks greatest a channel eut out of solid of the Potomac. The officials and clerks, num- for a President on February 11, 1801. There were through rock water the 10 every states 100 ages and each state had ago by members from bering in all not more than two hundred, went to Washington in lumbering stage coaches, ar- one vote with the majority of the states neces thing is dry. Engineers and work ers at the great dam undisturbed riving after a long, tiring Journey of nearly a sary for a choice. The house sat with closed doors and balloting went on continuously day by the torrent will proceed to erect week. a wall that will hold back billions and night. Mrs. Adams, the wife of the Vice President, to b On the first ballot eight states voted fot Jef of gallons of Colorado water has left us a record of her adventures on that used as man may decide for irriga Two Burr. for and six ferson Vermont states, : "After leaving Baltimore we trip. She says tlon, or power. When the wall Is wandered about for two hours without finding and Maryland, were divided and could not cast the tunnel will be closed vote. Ballot after ballot was taken with no finished, a guide or a path. Woods are all you can see a to open at any time when watei from the time you leave Baltimore until you change In the result. Finally on February 17 behind the dam needs lowering. reach the city, which Is so only In name. Here a break came and Jefferson was elected Pres ten states. of votes ident the by and there Is a small hut, without a glass win There will be "few women In the During the balloting the excitement in the next Congress." A bad thing foi dow. Interspersed among the forests, through country was intense. Charges of all kinds flew which you travel for miles without seeing A dozen sensible women thick and fast. It was charged by the Democratic-- Congress. human being." as as nearly possible like Jane Ad Republicans that the Federalists were dams, of Chicago, After enjoying the luxury of life in New York would do great to an for Burr election voting until prevent and Philadelphia most of the government offi '4 when they would usurp the of good in Washington. after March II UT they cials looked with dismay upon this "wilderness fice the New Oxudol very few English women are of President by making Chief Justice Mar city set in a mudhole almost equal to the great shall of the to examlna the difficult ible pass Supreme court. President, thus es Serbonlan bog," as one of them described the to gain the higl Every Lit of Oxydol dissolves intablishing a Federalist limited monarchy. On tions required new Capital. the other hand the Federalists charged Jeffer places In the British civil service suds stantly into thick, long-lastin- g It was. in such an environment as this that son with sort of crime, asserted he was In fact, no woman passes the hard every Sixth the congress began its second session on an Infidel and spread the report that if he were est or them, and this Is called p 50 more euds. That's why it does November 17, ISOO, the first session held in elected the Bibles would be taken of female Inferiority. away from sign so much more work soaks clothes the new Capital. The north wing of the Capitol .the people. The Lord did not make women In which the session was held, was in a very in to pass difficult civil service ex so fresh and clean without harm to in Federalist leader the honse animations. He made them to create Finally the complete condition, ana uotn houses were James A. Bayard of Delaware, got control of crowded Into narrow, badly arranged quarters. men that can pass them. hands or dainty colors and mate On the opening day President John Adams enough votes to be able to elect Jefferson or So contest. he a made the prolong deal with rials. Rinses clean, softens of the two Abraham Lincoln's mother could appeared before a Joint session rrom mm tne assurance houses and made the following Impressive ad jenerson, receiving read or write, if she couh hardly that he would the water, won't hall up. Great for support public credit, maindress : or write at all. She couldn't tain the naval system and would not remove read examination. But she rile "I congratulate the people of the United from dishes, too. office certain minor officials on po- pass any more for the world than any mai States on the assembling of congress at the litical public Procter & Gamble In return for this. Bayard ar- In grounds. England, Including any hundrer MADE BT THE permanent seat of their government ; and I con ranged for Vermont and Maryland to cast a men" "honor that on MAKERS OF IVORT SOAP pass university the prospect of a unanimous vote and give the two necessary examinations gratulate you, gentlemen, M. u. a. pat. or. what yon easily residence not to be changed. Although there votes to Jefferson. Thus he was finally declared know is not as as what Important is cause to apprehend that accommodations are elected and his March you do. Edison could not, have inauguration took not now so complete as might be wished, yel 4, 1801, the first President to be place Inaugurated passed any of those examinations there is great reason to believe that tfiis incon in the new Capital of the United States. . .. ., u (.1932, br KinR Fraturei Syndicate, Inc. with the present lession, venience will cease ,,aiiit' iiitiinrNiiii-- i by Western Newspaper Union.) III r t e HOTEL TEMPLE SQUARE Splittinq" Headaches super-captai- n t'rf V Thomas e. r" s, m s, TROUBLE $5 $5 NEWHOUSE Women saidi thent hadn't tried . .. .irr'iir1-Jft,-'-w3Lfa.