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THE CAROLINA'S AMERICAN LEGION (Copy for Tbla Department Supplied hr tke American Leglnn Ntwi Service.) LEGION WILL DEMAND ACTION Leader Is to Direct Legislative Program Bafore Congress. Prominent Chosen To Aaron Saplro, known In Washington and throughout the nation for his constructive plans of farming and marketing, Is entrusted direction of the legislative program of tha American Legion for 1924. According to an announcement made by National Commander John R. Qulnn, Supiro will head the American Le gion's national legislative committee is chairman. Other members of this ommittee were also announced. John Thomas Taylor, vice chairman if the 1923 committee, will remain In Washington continuously at repre- uontuHvA nt rliia T.nMnn pnnimiltpe other members are J. Danforth Bush, Jieutenant governor of Delaware; O. L. Bodenhamer, past department com mander of the Legion In Arkansas; filbert Bettman, past department commander of the Legion In Ohio, and for two terms a member of the leglsla Itive committee under previous admin jistrations. Gen. James S. Scrugham of Carson City, Nev. ; Past National Vice Commander Edward J. Barrett of Sheboygan, Wis. ; Dr. A. A. Van Dyke of St. Paul, Minn,; Dr. R. J. Baird of Algoma, la., and Mac Stewart, Jr., Galveston, Tex. The present session of congress calls for service of this committee. The Legion's outlined legislative program calls for action on child labor; passage of the universal draft act for conscription of man and money power In case of war; retirement pay for disabled emergency officers ; concentration of all veterans' affairs under a Joint committee of house and senate ; archives builderection of a national ' ing ; hospitalization In veterans' bureau Institutions for veterans of all wars and without regard to requirements of "service origin" for admission; land reclamation; questions affecting civil service positions for former fighters; the adjusted compensation measure as sponsored by the organization and numerous other suggested bills which have received indorsement of the Legion. ft VICTIMS OF MENTAL TROUBLE Men Are Held as American Legion to Make Investigation. Many Prisoners ; men A great per cent of Imprisoned In state and federal penitentiaries for crime are suffering from some mental disability, caused by the war. Reports of such instances from many states have led to preparation for a survey to be undertaken by the American Legion in every state of the Union. Oklahoma, first of the state departments of the Legion to complete the preliminary work as directed by tiie national organization, hns found that 217 men who served during the World war are now In the pennl InOf these stitutions of that state. men, 50 per cent were enlisted or Inducted from Oklahoma. In order that these men will have the proper care and treatment In case It Is found that their crime might nave been due to mental defection caused by the war. a careful Investigation will be made of each case. This will be undertaken with regard to the rights and experiences of the former fighter, bark pay, allotment, undistributed Liberty bonds, compensation and hospitalization. and other features which the Legion has helped In securing for others who served. Actual work of the survey will be undertaken In Oklahoma by a soldiers' relief commission which is functioning in that state by Rtnte direction. American Legion workers have been assigned by officials of that organization to work with the commission ami bring about relief for any of the men found to he deranged and In pennl rather than In hospitals for crlmirwil Insane. Post Provides Entertainment. The Oecrge N. Kemp post of the Amerlcnn Legion In East Slroudsburg. I'n., has outlined many ambition programs but nine to equal that for 19'JI. It is doubtful, even. If any other post of the veterans' organization In the country will attempt to stage and produce such unusual events. The annual automobile show, usually sponsored by the dealers, will be the first of the winter's activities. Then will come production of the opr, "II PagllnccI," by nn amateur cist, to be followed by liuge military hall, a sacred concert and other events. Awarded Medal From Legion, nerman Ksdorn. a cadet nttend!n the Bailey Military Institute at Greenwood, N. C, has been awarded n medal from the American Legion, given for bis excellence In scholarship and athletic attainments. Esdorn Is one of the most popular men In th school and has maintained a high scholastic average throughout his course. The Legion grave the young student the medal as representing a high type of youth of America. BlGLEGlQtl TIMES-NEW- NEPHI, UTAH S, HA! Plant Dr. Thurman Mann High Paint, Motional Vie Commander, Uat Known Member. Industry-Show- Prfiiuiteitl "Pea; s Progress If one were to ask a Caroliaan whom Fight on Diseases Made by ha considered the best known AmeriSelection of Highly Recan Legion member In the "Tar Heel" state, he very likely would reply: "Dr. sistant Strains. Thurman Mann of High. Point." Doctor Mann, who waa elected aa na(Prepared by tho United States Department tional vice commander of the Ameriof Agriculture.) Herewith is a portrait of Pierre can Legion at the San Francisco conThe year's work of the bureau of Wertheimer of Paris upon his arrival vention, has had a long period of servplant Industry described In the report ice with the Legion. Beginning aa post in New York the other day, partly on re"eiitly made to the secretary of agrimember he passed through the posts of business and largely to tell Americans culture shows much progress In solvof his belief that his horse, Epinard, commander, department service officer, Is ing the problems of plant production, the world's greatest member of tha executive committee the control of diseases, the breeding of As the result come to Epinard will and other positions of importance In Improved varieties, the introduction of America next July to take part In a the state organization. promising seeds and plants from forDoctor Mann was born in Slier City, series of races beginning in Septemeign countries and the development of This assures the United States N. C, November 3, 1888. methods for the utilization of perishHe was ber. of most of talked seeing Europe's educated in the schools of High Point, able crops, such as fruits and vegetax In action In a series of races horse and entered Trinity college at Durham bles. Much of the work done Is of the W next he after has year In 1905, attendicg that Institution for ample opporkind which brings Its greatest returns to become acclimated. Arrivtwo years. In 1909 he attended the tunity after there has been time for the comhere In July with his trainer, Eumercial development of discoveries. University of North Carolina, leaving ing 1 that Institution two years later to en- gene Leigh, and his rider, Everett In combating piunt diseases a great ter Jefferson Medical college, where he Haynes both Americans the colt will (leal of progress has been made have two months of nearly training obtained a degree. resistant or through highly obtaining before the in barrier actual facing Following his graduation from the immune strains by trial and selection. medical school, he served for twenty-fiv- e racing. In this way strains of wheut have been M. Wertheimer stated that almonths as an Interne In Kings secured which; promise to be valuable no races have been arranged though County hospital, Brooklyn, N. T. Tills in sections where bunt has damaged was followed by a period of service as Major August Belmont and lils assothis crop. Varieties resistant to flag Civen lllm nnilllp iissnrnm-ciates have ship's surgeon between New York and that such events would smut are being developed, and this disbe announced in due time. It Is not likely that these ease Is no Porto Rico. On completion of this longer considered the mentour of duty. Doctor Mann entered races will be matches In the 'accepted sense of the word. They will be open, ace it was thought to he a few years to present plans, to all horses of Eplnard's age. according ago. Attempts nre being made to grow strains resistant to both flag smut and rosette. In the study of scab, a disease 'which damages both wheat ' .K a and corn, it has been discovered that wheat seedlings are more resistant Here is a new portrait of Lieut. when grown nt comparatively low soil Corliss Hooven Giillis of Hamilton, O.. temperatures and that corn seedlings now beginning a term in a German are more resistant to It when the soil Jail for attempting to kidnap G rover Is warm. Burberry eradication was ' Cleveland Bergdoll, the American carried on extensively in Complimenting Griflls with a number of states for the control ewCV on his "noble effort" to take back "a of black stem rust, and up to the presreal traitor to his country," but con- ent time nearly 0,000,000 bushes have demning him for wilfully violating the been eradicated.' Chemicals are being German laws, Judge Karzmann of used successfully to destroy the bushes Mossbach, Baden, sentenced Griffis to In places where digging Is not practione year and nine months'' Imprison- cable. ' ment and a fine of 2 gold marks (50 New Crops Developed. New varieties of oats have been secents). The Judge did not mince word In denouncing Bergdoll as a traitor. cured In with state exThe others Involved In the kid- periment stations a,nd a number of naping were sentenced as follows: Eu- them are being distributed. The root gene Victor Nellson, chauffeur, of Chiand stalk rots of corn have been found cago, three months, which be already to require special soil management for has served ; Roger Surlier, one year their control ; In some cases proper .A -( lW. and six months; and Prince Gagarin, a fertilization and amendments are all Dr. Thurman Mann. Russian, eight months. Four months that Is required, while to control the was deducted from each sentence, as parasitic types crop rotation Is needed practice at High Point, where he re 1 malned until 191 S, when he enlisted this already has been served, and so In addition. Some new forage crops in the Medical corps of the army. Neilson was ordered freed. Never did a judge sugar coat a sentence more. He are being developed and Improved vaHe was assigned to service with the explained that Bergdoll was like any other American citizen In Germany and, rieties of common crops have been Fourteenth division at Camp Custer, regardless of his being a traitor, he had the same rights as any other foreigner. developed and new methods are being and with other physicians labored un- Therefore the court had no recourse but to find the prisoners guilty of at- tried for handling them. New and rare der great difficulties during the influ- tempting to usurp the government power. They knew they were violating the field seeds are being brought Into the enza epidemic which swept the counlaw, and therefore the court was forced to sentence them. country, tried out. Increased and distry. tributed to growers. When he became commander of the Lack of space in a brief article puts High Point Legion post, but 28 mema limit on the details which can be bers were on its roster. As he left It gjven on the various lines of work carafter three years' service as its leader ried on with the many Important crops. he had brought the membership to Valuable results have been obtained In 270. As department service officer, he A crowd of 5,000, coming from the treatment of "tobacco sick" soils succeeded In obtaining nearly a quarand means have been found for the miles around, crowded about the Soo ter of a million dollars as compensa- Line station In Superior, Wis., In an prevention of a condition known as tion for the men of his state. "sand drown" by the use of magnesia. attempt to see the return of Edward J. Sallstad (portrait herewith), accomVarious phases of cotton production AGAINST FUNDS FOR GERMANS panied by Dorothy Anderson, his "sunhave received attention. Including culshine girl," brought from Napa, Cal., tural methods and special varieties to 4:'; ) Tank Corps Post of Washington Di- by Sheriff: W. A. Hagreen. Their curihelp in the control of the boll weevil, trials of cotton classing In the field osity was natural. It's a regular recting Fight to Prevent Acdime novel story in real life. and breeding to maintain the purity of tion by Congress. Sallstad Is charged with burning Egyptian cotton grown In the Southa cottage at Lake Nebagamon, Wis., west. "humaniDeclaring that tarian reasons" are not sufficient cause In August, 1920, to create the ImpresExtensive work has been done with for the appropriation of funds by con- sion that he had died, so he could fruits and nuts, studies have been made of the possibilities of growing gress for relief of German citizens, the elope with Miss Anderson. A sensaTank Corps post of the American Le- tional trial whs held In which his supbinder twine fiber in Porto Blco, the gion in Washington, D. C, is directing posed widow sued eight Insurance comVirgin Islands and the Philippines. for $80,000 Insurance on life a fight against spending of taxpayers' panies The Improvement of citrus fruits is now being greatly Increased through policies held by Sallstad, and after money In this fashion. A resolution passed by the post sets bones of a human body burned In the the use of bud selection from trees forth the fact that congress will b cottage were produced, a compromise with performance records, a method asked to provide funds for the relief wns effected. It later trnnspired that developed by the department, and and care of German subjects in Ger- Sallstad exhumed the body of Allen means have been found for the control a andIn friend, placed It many, and as a power against whom McPhee, of stem-enrot of citrus fruits. Americans had so recently fought, such the cottage before firing It. Mrs. Lena Sallstad, believing herself a widow, mar- Through work being carried on In the ried Itoss Richardson. They are now living apnrt and Mrs. Sallstad-Rlehnra course waa a violation of fundaSouthwest the Infant date Industry Is mental laws of the nation. The reso- son Is suing for a divorce from Sallstad. She has two children. being greatly stimulated, and there is Mrs. Augusta Sallstad, Sailstad's mother, has forgiven her son and has a new Interest In the lution will be presented to members of production of rongress, In order to apprise the mem- virtually adopted Dorothy Anderson, "because Ed loves her so." The girl figs. The fruit and nut Industries are Is with threatened bers of that body of the views of the consumption. being helped not only through the InThe girl was privy to nil details. The couple wandered across the conti- troduction and development former service men In this instance. of better nent by automobile, Sallstad repairing typewriters for a living. He was an varieties and methods of growing, but Eau Claire manufacturer and was In financial difficulties. To Include Allies' Men. also through studies of handling and Cnder provisions of an amended shipping the products. It wns shown eligibility clause, membership In the that berries produced In the Northwest American Legion has been broadened can be shipped greater distances sucto Include a large class of soldiers of cessfully if handled more carefully and the allied forces of the World war. A series of tests have precooled. On action taken by the Legion at the shown that nuts of various kinds can Dr. Thomas Augustus Jaggar, Jr. be kept from two to three years If held San Francisco convention, men who served with allied forces whether at (portrait herewith) has been author. nt n temperature as low as 82 degrees. Ized to go to Japan, In response to the time of entry in such service Plant Diseases Combated. the request of the Japanese governAmerican citizens, or later accepting The reported ment to naturalization from that country, are with Dr. Omorl. on wereprinipal vegetables potatoes, sweet potatoes and admissible. This applies particularly authority on volcanology and seismolImprovements have been obto a great number of Canadian ogy. In an Investigation of earthquake peas. the selection of seed conditions. Dr. Jaggar Is the guide. tained through who have become American stocks, the development of I citizens since the war, ns well as makpmiosopnor ami trienq who tins varieties and In the control of Improved diseases. I shown Jti to thousand of tourists the In .s.'Vrk, s 1 ing eligible thousands who enlisted the field of forest trees Work has In the armies of other nations during wonders of Kilattea's terrifying on with white pine blister "House of Everlasting Fire" In lla- - been carried the war, hut who were previously which Is now spreading In the rut, tie lias I ntlonnl park. Since barred from the legion because of i 4 Northwest, and In the East with chestI been in charge of the Hawaiian Vol their service under foreign colors. cano observatory of the United States nut blight. The Chinese chestnut has quite resistant to the disInter-Citweather bureau. This observatory Is been found Post Visits. ease. In addition to these two Imporon A motor caravan consisting of 80 the of Kilauea's brink very perched enormous crater, In which molten luva tant trees which are menaced. It Is reautomobiles conveyed member of the ported that another valuable tree, the I f s. American Legion In Tampa, Fla., to eternally nous. i fir, is In danger of canker, jL ir- - Jiicgar was bom In liillndel- - Potiglas Clearwater, for the first of a series of I In 1S71 and was educated in Har Hhloh occurs on these trees In Scotland In iVj. visits phla that The state. Interpol and which already may be In this vard, Munich and Heidelberg. He Is Legion men were accompanied by A. B., A. M., and I'h. I. He was as- country. members of the American Legion auxAmong the many other problems nmitiiii uifssur "i (c"omikj "i Hariliary and of the lied Cross. given attention In the report nre wood and head of the department r0 vard, lie wns professor of geology (l'."4-17of the Massachusetts lastltute of Technology. He was assistant geologist conservation, the effects of length of Search No Further. day on plant responses, soil bacteriolShe The man I marry must be bold of the United States Geological survey the prevention of nlkall Injury on ogy, he Is world and conducted famous, a As seismologist volcsnologlst not having yet audacious; handsome as volcano expeditions to Martinique (IIMC), Vesuvius (1!K0). Aleutian Islands Irrigated lands, sources of crude rubApollo, yet Industrious as Vulcan, In many parts of the wise a Solomon, but meek as Mnees . (1?M7), Hawaii and Jspnn Mi), Costa Uica (li10), and Sakurajiina. Japan ber, explorations In the Interest of the Pan Pacific world for new plants and seeds. In 120 he visited New (1914). tnsn all women would court, yet deAmong the promising new fruits given volcano observatory campaign. voted only to the one woman. mention nre Barouni olives, special to scientific a oontrlbutor has been and bit Dr. frequent Jaguar Ho He journsls lucky we met American and several new Knyii volon are persimmons volcanoes Hawaiian bulletins Of the the and Important, reports Legion Weekly. canoes of Hawaii National park Kllsitea has been continuously active for a avocados. Another new plant lg Meneentury, Mauna Loa erupts every decade, Kaleakala last erupted 200 yeara ago. tha cltrata, of the mint family. Epinard May Be Better Than Papyrus three-year-ol- W NT V Griffis Complimented by German Judge f - if (r Vw draft-evade- V v- t Real Life Has Its Dime Novel Stories L old-tim- e d d Volcanologist Jaggar Goes to Japan vtt-ern- ftji J y - Heat Generated During Day Is Conducted to Surface. (Prepared by the United State Department of Agriculture.) Coverings of rather heavy cloth laid directly over garden truck or other plants are effective in protecting against moderate frosts, the LTnlted States Department of Agriculture reports. The heat from the ground and the plants Is thus conserved, and the losses of heat by radiation from the plant to the sky are cut off ; moreover, the air movement is so slight near the ground that there is little tendency for the cold outside air to be forced under or through the covering. The temperature of the surface of the cloth exposed to the sky Is lowered by radiation and may full to a low point, but as both the cloth itself and the ulr underneath It are very poor conductors of heat, the temperature of the covered plants fulls much more slowly. The heat that has penetrated a few Inches Into the ground during the day Is slowly conducted to the surface during the night and aids In keeping the temperature under the cover above the freezing point. It Is evident, therefore, that coverings of this kind should be placed early in the evening when a frost Is expected, before much of the heat accumulated In the soil during the day has been lost. Tin cans or other metal coverings should not be used to protect plants from frost. Metals are good conductors of heat and are.also fcood radiators unless very highly polished. Therefore the temperature Is likely to fall nearly as low under a covering of this kind as In the outside air. , ' r. - . Cloth Coverings Good Against Mild Frosts 7ty - C 1 ) (1MS-1!HM- ). Vitamins Essential for Laying Hens in Winter That green feeds are of great importance In the rations for laying hens is shown by the results of an. conducted by the University of Idaho poultry farm. A lack of vitamin A in the ration was found to cause disease resembling roup. The eyes be- came swollen, the throats became full oi small yellow patches, and examinations showed a deposit of white material .resembling powder on the liver and kidneys. Ten' birds out of twenty-fiv- e died in one pen from this trouble. Iu an adjoining pen re- -' celving cod liver oil, none died from this disease. Cod liver oil is an excel- lent source of vitamin A. However, cod liver oil cannot be recommended ns poultry feed. It Is necessary to fur- nlsh the birds feed containing this Im--- " portant vitamin, If maximum results are to be obtained. Alfalfa, peameali lettuce, cabbage and spinach are all high In this vitamin. Besides, chard, dandelion greens, carrots and clover cuttings are good green feeds for main- taining the health of the flock during the winter months. , post-morte- ' Essential Winter Feeds for Average Hen Flock , Too many poultrymen rely almost wholly on grain feeds during the winter. Green food, beef scraps, milk byproducts and mineral matter are too often omitted altogether or fed too Inand sparingly. frequently Oyster shell, prepared grit and charcoal, ready for the fowls at all times, provide mineral matter. Cabbage, beets, mangles and sprouted oats make excellent green foods; hung fcn inch higher than the head compels needed winter exercise. Any fresh vegetables, even raw potatoes, are a whole, lot better than nothing of the kind at all. For animal food, beef scraps serve the purpose splendidly. Milk when low priced, are used with excellent results and probably with greater returns, comparatively, thnn when fed to farm animals. Vigorous Gobbler Will Care for Fifteen Hena If good gobblers are scarce there is no reason why two neighbors cannot keep their turkey hens on the snme farm until such time as they have been served by the gobbler. One service from the gobbler Is sufficient to fertilize nil the eggs that will be laid at a succeeding period. However, when the turkey bens quit laying another service will be necessary before the subsequent eggs of the second laying period are fertile. A vigorous gobbler will only serve about fifteen hens. It ould be somewhat loss trouble-goiu- e to transfer the turkey torn rather than the turkey hens. After one neighbor Is positive that the gobbler lias covered nil of the hens on his farm the torn could be moved over to the other neighbor's farm. Mo3t Effective Ration to Increase Egg Yield Tha most effective ration for feeding hens and pullets as found at the Ohio experiment station consists of mash, grotind corn 0 parts, bran 3 (1 parts, meat-scraparts, by weight In addition a scratch ration of shelled or cracked corn Is fed so that the fowls will consume twice as much of the grain ns mash. This ration decreased the cost of feed per down eggs more thnn 20 per cent as compared with other rations and Increased the production per pullet more than ") per cent. The tests were made to determine the amount of meat-scralaying rations should p p ' ' i. . '"' '