THE TIMES-NEW- NEPHI, UTAH. S. DEFENDS HIGHER TELEPHONE TOLLS FILES BRIEF SUPREME COURT AGAINST STATE APPEALS. GOVERNMENT IN Declare That Suits Instituted by South Dakota and Massachusetts Authorities to Prevent Increase in Rates Should be Dismissed. Increase of IntruKtnto toll rule ly the postmunter gcticriil whs defended In a brief filed May 2 In the liy Ihe government In with connection court Huprcnie pending nppeiils from South Dukotu Washington. telephone: The Ktlltl (IMirtH. d their iippcitls have tliu Increaso wiix an undue with their police powers. The government brief declares the atiita luslltlileil by the South Dakota and MasKiKiiiisi'tls authorities to (lie pout master general from the rules were In reality the United States brought agulliMt without It consent and should he dismissed. The government also contends that In Inking over control of the telephone systems of the country, the president "placed them In the bund of the postniHsler general and his under the broad power given him hy the resolution to manage aa he wiw fit," und they thus were In effect added postal service ami "became as much a part of the means of conveying news or eoniinuiilenf Ion us (he mall." "The regulation of rates." the brief Bald, "as an exercise of power Is the assertion of a right to control a private business, affected with a public Interest and subject to a public use, so as to subject the private property to the public service upon the payment of Just compensation. To this end. In order that the private right may not he asserted to extort undue compensation for use, the power Is exercised to regulate the price for use Just as It might be to regulate the prli-- for the property Itself If the f.ee was being taken." Canadians Win Victoria CFthesixtu-fiYetwentu-- AREA OF DETAILED Notwithstanding Interruptions by War, Larger Amount Was Covered In Year of 1918. . five are dead. Their oloru cannot fade. III rcpre-nentntlve- to-th- COURT ORDERS TOWNLEY TRIED Nonpartisan League Head Faces Disloyalty charge. SI. Paul. Minn. A. C. Townley. president of the National Nonpartisan league, and Joseph Gilbert, league must stand trial on charge of disloyally, the stale supreme court lias ruled. The decision of the Jackson county court, overruling demurrers brought by Townley and Gilbert, who sought to have the Indictment quashed, was sustained. The court ruled that the crime of conspiracy may Ik committed without completion of the act which was the object of the conspiracy. (illbcrt Is charged with having made public utterances designed to discourage ttrlotlc cooperation In the war. and Ihe Jnckson county Indictment holds Townlry responsible for a Nonpartisan league pamphlet which, the Indictment holds, was a violation of (he espionage jet. Radical School Teacher Loses Job llood Hirer, Ore. Mrs. Gladys teacher of language In the high nchool here, was dismissed by the city achool hoard May 3, which alleged that the teacher had radical (endemics which made her employment lo the Inadvisable. Wen-dnvo- r. Women to Join Conference. Washington. Organization plans for the 1IKX) Republican presidential campaign will be considered at a conference here Mny 22 and 2.1. The meeting will be attended by state chairmen of (be men's and women's ttcpuhtlcaa Wale central committee and member of (be national Republican committee, vee and Huns Reach Agreement. On the Initiative of tba American mission, the German and lMo reached an agreement Friday whereby Ihe Pole will deliver l0.n)0 Ions of slatoe (o Germany the latter permitting Ihe Pole to f!ip goods to Oecho Slavokla. tsnr.lg. Old German Army Reduced. C'obletix. On May 1, which officially marked (be end of the demobilization of (be old German army and the functioning of the new army or Relch-aweh- r, men of Germany had JTiVw rariou classes under arms, according to estimate hy American Intelligence1 fflcer. Shipyard Strike Settled. The strike of sit thousand workmen employed la the Angeles Shipbuilding yards of the ! V here, which was ftrydfwk citmpan called Thursday last, has been satisfactorily adjusted. Han Pedro. Gal. Woodman Freed. A)gele.- - Mayor F. T. Woodman, on trial her for several weeks on charges of hsvlng accepted a brlfie t protect vice conditions, was acquitted Friday by a Jury In the superior tn Sf fun-tende- Mayor covirt. Sylvia Breaks Loose Again, .ostdon. Sylvia Pankhtirst and Amelia Mfthoney, who were arrested when women at'emptM to force sn entrance Into the house of commons In a May dny demonstration, have been relensed on bail. By EARLE HOOKER EATON, me great worm war sixty-fivfighting men won the Cross, of the sixty-live- , waa a soldiers; the sixty-fiftThe Victoria Cross, the most coveted decoration awarded by Ureat Itrltain to her heroes, U not easily won. Of the alxty-flve- , twenty-livare deud. One whs awarded the V. C. two years after he disappeared during a battle and was olllclally described aa "presumed dead." Others were killed In the very act of heroism that won for them the cross and the bit of dark red ribbon; yet oilier died of wounds. Of the sixty-five- , two at least were boys from (ha United Slates Sergt. George Mullln, V. C, M. M, Princess Pat's. New York ; Lance Corporal William II. Metculf. V. C, M. M., Munlloba regiment Walte, Mo. 'The cross" said Queen Victoria, when she Instituted the irsw decoration In lH.'.t. "shall only be awarded to those officers and men who have served us In thw presence of the enemy und shall bhve perfonued vome signal act of valor or devotion to their coufitry." Sixty-fivCannd'nns, unused to war, taken from Hi farms and omi-e- s and factories, and trained for a few weeks or months, more Ihnn held their own against the greatest fighting machine the world ever saw. and won the Victoria Cross An additional 13.000 Cana- - . Jlans were awarded other II r 1 1 s h decorations and honors, and 15111 won foreign decorations from France, Ilelglum, Serbia, Italy, Montenegro and Russia. Some Canadian women went overseas aa nurses with Ihe Canadian expeditionary forces, and hundreds of ether served In Canada. Of (hose In France, four were killed In bombing V . sV F V raid by flun "airmen. Hun submarines killed fourteen other at sea. and nineteen die. I of disease. Four nurses were awarded (he Military Medal, forty-threthe Royal Red Cross, first ciass. ana one hundred and forty-ninthe lib) el lied i roaa, second class. Canada hullt 2..VW airplanes for the royal air force and was building bombing plane for the United State when the armistice was signed. About 13.000 men were enlisted In the rovnl air force from Canada, and three Canadian air fight-er- a won the Victoria Cms. The best known of the trio I LleuL Col. William A. Bishop ef Toronto, who was a eavalryman In the Misslssauga Horse and went overseas with the hontea, but got transferred to the flying corps. Illsbop Is offl and (inofflclatly dally credited with aevetity-twcredited with erne hundred and ten enemy airplane, and I called (he world's greatest living ace. King George sent for him and awarded hint the Victoria Crosa. the !itlogulhed Service Order and the Military Cross-Nein regulation la MnJ. W. O. Itnrker. V. C. I. R. ()., M. CX, a roval air force fichter from Manitoba, He was given the Victoria Cross, IM.. tlngnlshed Order, with bar, and the Mill-tarCross, with two bar. HI grand total Is fifty enemy niacblne. According to Colonel IMshop. (he ptuckie( sir fight of ihe wsr was that of Uiu'. Alan Arnett Mcl.md. V. C a royal air force pilot from Stonewall, Manitoba, Thla eighteen year-olny, attacked by elghl enemy airplane. sho( down three of them. He was wounded five lime, and then his n machine cj.ugb( Ore. Climbing out on the left plnne he controlled hi falling airplane from the side i4 the fuselage, landed In No Man's I .and, rescued hi wounded observer from the Malting aircraft and was again wounded by ai enemy bomb. Shortly after hi return to Canada Hi lod died of pneumonia In Vlnilcg. The first Canadian to win the V. C. was a hecle of the surgeon. Capt. Krancia A. C. Canadian army medical wrvice. Color Sergeant Frederlrk W. Hall. rTtghth heard a rail for help In No Man'a Itnd Ie the face of a very heavy eif)lde fire Hall made t.e attempt at rescue. A he was lifting the woanovd man Hall was wounded raorfnlty by a bullet through the head. He paid for (he coveted V. C with hi life. So did I .once Corporal Frederick Fisher. Thirteenth battalion. At Olvenchv, Juna 15. 11. Lieut. Frederick W. Campbell, First Canadian battalion, went over the top with (wo machine guns, arrive,! at the German fl"t line with ne gun and maintained la position there uitd- - very heavy fire, though yvery man In hi detachment had been llled or he stopped an enemy attack bv wounded, l.nrm advancing bis gun still farther and firingwouad-erounds from aa exposed position. He was subsequently and died; the V. C wa posthumously swsrded blm, t tlarke. V. C, Twenty seventh Frivste tallon; Fvat John ChlpmanW. Kerr. V. C., Slify-flftMarrarwell, V. C. battalion; Opt. Ttialn Fred-ericand D. 5. Thirty eighth batlalloa; Uenf, M. W. Harvey, V, C, Thirteenth battalion-- all these men performed prodigies of valor In killing foes, capturing prisoner, enemy trenches and position and .machine gun. They earned their Victoria Croes.-machine rWgt. Fill W. "Ifton. V. C, charg-- 4 gun alone, killing all th crew and stopped a eoimfVi ter attack nnill r enfTCcd ; ae wa killed. rivaie William J. Mllna, T. C, rorty-sfii- Bum.j h TT Rf if " at y d IxX-tor- lat-tallo- d h k h ut - ' f'l t ra " s " Planetable Used In 8oll Survey for Constructing Base Map. 1 o Depart-lue- t T. 1 e Slatea Agru-ultur.- la' i?. e e of Notwithstanding a certain amount of Interruption due to war condition In the work of the soil survey carried on by the bureau of soils of the United States department of agriculture, a larger urea of detailed mapping waa done during the II seal year 11)18 thua during the preceding yeer Mie area siiuura covered amounting to ! e lo by the United ) (Prepared Hll(l MHKKIHllUNetlH aulhoiltle.i MAPPING COL . CXPICJ . ' A t y.c. ILT battalion, who stalked two German machine gun, killed or wounded the crew and captured ihe guns. Lieut. ItnlH-r- t O. Combe. V, C. Fifty-thirbattalion, led hi .company through a deadly bar- -' rage, captured Ihe objective with only five men left, and look eighty prisoners. Then a German anlpcr Kot him. Ieath va the price paid, also, by Capt. Okill M. Iannoutn. V. M. Canadian Infantry, who. although mortally wounded, stood on the top of the parapet of hla trench and actually caught and hurled hack bomb. HI example repulsed determined sttsck. After the Germans bad repulsed three attack, killing or wounding all hl officers. Company Sergeant Major Hubert ilnnaa, V. C, Twenty-nintbattalion, rusliAl Ihe strong point through wire, personally beynneUcd three Germans, brained fourth and raptured a machine gun. rrlvste Michael 3. O'Uourke. V. C. battalion, a stretcher hearer, worked unceasingly for three days and nights and personally rescued three met, under heavy fire from German C Forty-sev-eni- h sniper. Of Corp. ITiHtp Konowal. V. C, Seventy-seventbattalion, who pcrWilly killed sixteen Germans and raoturid two mniblne guns; of Lieut. Robert Shanklsnd, V. C Forty-thln- l battalion, who. raptured and held a position, displaying "most conspicuous bravery and resource;" of Private John fl. rat'lson, V. c tme Hundred and Thlrty-aeveiithattatdm, who Jumped frntn ahell bole to shell bole until within thirty yard of a marhlne (be gunner and (hen bayone(ted Bva gnn. Nnd-of sergt. Freilerick llobson. V. survivtir Twentieth battalion, who got a burled machine gun Into actli and wa killed while attacking the advancing enemy with a rifle lo hold them antll the gun wa repaired, and of Private Harry ltrown. V, C C, M. IU regimental depot, who saved a raptured position by carrying a message through a heavy barrage, although mortally wnandst. bat Utile can be aald owing lo spec liwtta Wft. Although (tie aword I snpposed to t obsolete a fighting weapon. IJeul. Henry Strarhan, V. Fort Garry Hora. killed seven Germ fin C, M. gnnnera with his saber, silenced a battery, cut telephone wite two anile behind the enemy's lines and brought back fifteen prisoners. Capt. George II. Fearkes. V. C M. C Fifth C. d M. al hough badly wounded In the (high, and held a position against repeated enemy al tacks; Ueut. Christ'her IV J. OKelly, V. ( M. (,'.. On Hundred and Forty-fourtbattalion, letl hi men lu two attack which netted 111 prisand six "pill 1 sites ;" oners, eleven machine gnn Corp. Colin Barron. V. It, Third batlalb.n. alngle-h- a tided charged three machine gnn. killed four of the crew, rsptored the remainder and turned one gun on the enemy; Private Thomas W, Holme. V. C One Hundred and battatlon. acting alone, killed or wounded the crew of two machine gun, then bombed a "pill bog and captured nineteen prisoner; Private Cecil 1. Kinross. V. C, Fifty first battalion, ad. vanced alone In broad daylight over open ground agslnst an enmy machine gun. kilting alt of the crew and destroying the gun; Private Jam p. Itoi.lnson, T. C. Thirteenth C M. It, rahed a machine gun. killed four of the crew, tamed It oa (be enemy and later wa himself klfed while a wounded man nndf fire, and Llenf, Hngfi h h d C cap-(nre- Forty-sevent- rew-rnln-g Mackentie, V. C, D. C. M, Canadian machine gun corps, was killed while leading a frontal attack npon a "pill box" after he had displayed conspicuous bravery and leadership, Among the other Victoria Cro winners whose valorous deed cannot be described In detail here were LleuL Gordon M. Flowerdew. Ixird Strath-cona'- a Horse; Lieut. George B. MrKean. Canadian Infantry; Corp. Joseph Kaeble. V. C M. SI, Que-beregiment (kllUnl) ; Lieut. James E. TalL V. C. M. C. Manitoba regiment (killed) : LleuL John Hriniant. V. O. M. C, Quebec regiment; Sergt. Raphael L. Zengel. V. C, M. M, Saskatchewon regiment; Corp. James O. Herman, Quebec regiment; Corp. Frederick O. Copplna. Manitoba regiment; Corp. Alexander Brereton. Manitoba regl ment; Private John It. Crook. Quehec regiment (killed); Sergt. Robert Sisill. "ITlncesa Pafa" (killed); Corp. Harry O. B. Miner. Ceulral On tario regiment (killed); Sergt. Arthur O. Knight. Alberta regiment (killed) ; Lieut. Col. William II lark Kennedy, V. C C. M. O.. I. 8. Twenty-fourtbattalion. Q. It. ; Capt. liellenden S. Hutch-esoSeveoty fifth battalion; Private John Francis Young. Flfch'y-seventbattalion, Q. II.; Private Walter L. P.ayfleld, Seventh battalion, B. C IL : Private tlaude J. P. Nunney, V. CX. tt. C M, M. M, I ji stern Ontario regiment; Capt. John t V. C, f. C. M M. C, Second C. M. C. O. U.: Lieut, tieorge F. Kerr. V. C, M. C. M. M First C O. R.; IJeut. SamuH I. Honey. V t I. C. M, M. M Seventy-eight- h battalion. Manitoba regiment; Sergt. William Merrlfield. Fourth battalion. C. O. II. ; Private Thomaa Itlckett, First hnttallcHi. Royal Newfoundland regiment ; Capt. Coulson N. Mitchell. V. C, M, C Fourth bat tallon, Canadian engineers; IJeut. Wallace I. Al gle. Twentieth battalion. First C. O. It, (killed) ; Sergt. Hugh Cairn. V. C, I. C M, Forty-sixtbattalion. Saskatchewan regiment, and Private Thomas tHnesen, Quebec regiment, who not only won the V. C by charging single hsnded five machine gun, one after another, putting them oat of aclon and accounting for twelve of the enemy with bomb and bayonet, but won a lieutenancy or e h h , It,-Firs- the field. The only Canadian member of parliament who won the V. C wa IJeut. Col. Cyra Wesley Peck (Tor most CfireU. andOvakllful conspicuous bravery an leadership. He represent Skeetta, British Columbia. IJeut. Charles S. Rutherford. V. C, M. C, M. M. Quebec regiment, found himself a tone facing a German plll bog" containing two officer, forty-flvtorn and three machine gun. He "bloffed" the German Into thinking they were anrronnded and they surrendered lo a man. Lieut. Graham T. Lyall. One Hundred and Second battalion. Second C. O. R., during-twdays of operallnn not only Inflicted very beavy ca d on the enemy, but captu-ennltle three ofilcet. men. twenty-siorte hundred and eighty-twmachine guns and one field gun. IJeut. Milton F. fJregg. Canadian Mounted Rifle, although thrice wounded, eronal!y killed or wounded eleven of Ihe enemy, raptured twenty five sad took twelve machine gaft. The only merrantiie marine officer to be awarded the Victoria Cross during the great world war wa IJeat. Ronald N. FluarL V. C, t. g. O, tfce royal naval reserve. A Canadian piper. Private J .me Rlchstdson. Msnttoba regiment, also won the Victoria Cross He played bh company "over the fop" and went back wfh wrmndeI and prisoner. He retarned to get M beloved pipe. After hi name nn the otTrlal rosier are the Initials V. C. and Ihe word.' "prestimed dead." . - der x miles. Prior to 101S a total of 445.823 square miles hud been nmpiied, so that the total area covered by the detailed work of the survey at the close of June 30, J91S. waa 483.901 square miles. That part of the United States lying within regions where the rainfall la sufficient for crop production or where water I available for irrigntloo covers approximately 1,750.000 square mile. The area mspped In detail during 1018 was equivalent to 2.2 per cent of this area, the total mapped in detail to date 27.8 per cent, and the total, both detailed and reconnolaaance work, much of (he latter area calling for no further work, amounted to MJS per cent of IL TREES FOR ROAD PROTECTION Active Steps Taken by New York Organlxationa for Development ef Planting Scheme. Br PROP R BFAXON. 8tt Col-le- g of Forestry, Syracuse, N. Y.) Relieving (hat the problem of road-aid- e planting should not be entirely aet aalde during the movement for a greater mileage of Improved highways, active aiepa are now being taken by the New York State Motor federation and the Slate College of Forestry at Syracuse for the development of a planting scheme for the section of th highway running from Syracuse to t'tlca. a distance of about 00 mile. It has been demonstrated by those. In charge of the work that aside from the purely ornamental value of tree along Ihe highway, many practical benefits would result from their proper use. R la not generally realised that tree, by mesne of their ahade during the summer month, prolong the life of the roadway for many years, and roa4 experte In general are heartily In favor of this means for road protection. IMPROVEMENT IN WISCONSIN Ten Million Dollars t Be tasmt Developing Highway la) Badger State In 111. eaj Ten million dollars will be spent on developing. Improving and patrolling the highways of Wisconsin during 1i1. This annonncemnt wa made by A. stste highway engineer, wbe explained that Ihe Increase, an amount almost double that spent In former year, wss becaae $2,V1.nno waa left over from let year aad also to furnish an opportunity for employment of ra tarned soldier and sal lor a "Approximately $7,000,000 will be. spent In developing new road, and about M.frm.ono win be ased to patrol the state trunk highway. The money win come from federal. Mate aid county eourre. The eenate committee on highway I considering bill to allow countle to Institute trunk Sine and to raise the present limit of 5.0p0 aaUee ef federal aid road In Ihe stale. R. Hirst, GOOD ROADS AID TO SCHOOLS Higher Attendance ef Children Shewn by Government Survey After Improvement Made. survey made by Ihe government effect of good read balldlag on erhoo! attendance In eight coontiea shows that before the road were improved the average school attevxianca wa m pupil to erh 100 enrolled, aa compared with 76 after the road were A f the Unproved.