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THE LEHI SUN. LEHI. UTAH British Laborites Propose Drastic Farm Regulation By BAUKIIAGE News Analyst and Commentator. WXU Service. 1616 Eye Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. WASHINGTON. One by one Brit-tin Brit-tin is nationalizing her basic industries. indus-tries. What about farming? Agriculture was Britain's largest Industry right up to 1939 but before the war Britain produced less than a third of the food and feed the islands consumed. con-sumed. By 1943 they were producing pro-ducing 70 per cent of the wartime war-time rations for their own people, plus the Allied armies and refugees, refu-gees, within their borders. Government Baukhage control was strict but it worked. And the British with their socialist government do not Intend to let It slip back If regulation can stop It. To that end a bill Is now before parliament par-liament which would bring the American Amer-ican farmer down to Washington with a pitchfork In each hand. The "two pillars" of the new government gov-ernment policy are "stability and efficiency." ef-ficiency." The agriculture bill would create stability by guaranteeing prices. It provides: (1) That the prices and other market mar-ket factors of wheat, barley, oats, rye, potatoes and sugar beets be fixed in the year before these crops are to be harvested. (2) Prices and other factors af-' fecting fat stock, milk and eggs, to be announced for a period of one year and also minimum prices and other conditions, Including quantities, quanti-ties, for a further period of two years. Consequently the producer George Casely Is one of the farmers farm-ers who has increased his production produc-tion on 50 acres in Devon, England. With daughter, Sylvia, he is pitching pitch-ing hay. of fat stock, milk and eggs will know actual prices and other conditions of sale a year in advance, and minimum mini-mum prices and conditions (which include any quantitative limitations) for two years ahead. There is planning and regulation for you! "Stability, however," says Britain's Brit-ain's minister of agriculture, 'is not enough." And then he goes after efficiency with foot, horse and guns. Two requisites for efficiency are promotion of research into farming problems and an organization which will provide the individual farmer with technical advice. Very good. The United States government does a pretty good job on that score. The point is: What does the British government ask in return for what It intends to offer? "Both the farmer and the landowner land-owner have parts to play," it says and points out that "the rules of good husbandry require the farmer to maintain his holding at a reasonable reason-able standard of efficient production, produc-tion, bearing in mind cleanliness of the land, maintenance of fertility and freedom from disease and pests. The rules of good estate management manage-ment require the landowner to maintain main-tain his estate with adequate buildings, build-ings, drainage, ditches and hedges, so that the occupier can be an efficient ef-ficient producer." And that is not merely suggested in the bill, it is required. The farmer farm-er or the landowner will live up to these conditions or he will lose his land. The first step against an offender of-fender is to place them under formal for-mal supervision after they have had a chance to state their case. The next step will be to issue spe. cific instructions as to what is to be done again giving the offender the BARBS President Truman managed to void a National Cat Week without ruffling anybody's fur. 0 o Shortly after New Hampshire's Republican Sen. Styles Bridges said that Russia was trying to make Germany Ger-many a satellite, he lost his voice. But it was laryngitis, not a Communist Com-munist hex. opportunity to state his case. If the offender is a landowner, a th expense of carrying out the orders exceeds the annual rent of the land, he can appeal to the agricultural land tribunal. The third step would be dispossession dispos-session in 12 months or sooner. A landowner would have to submit a forced sale; a landowner-occupier might be forced to rent to an approved ap-proved tenant; a tenant's tenancy would be terminated. The law doesn't end there. It deals with the past and the future as well as the present. Experiments will be made to adjust farm boundaries bound-aries made many hundreds of years ago and the intent is to prevent the splitting up of farms into unecononv ic divisions. Stability, efficiency. Liberty? Mystery of the Whooping Crane As a whooping crane detective I am not worth a whoop. This perhaps per-haps is natural since I have no credentials cre-dentials as a naturalist. But in the course of leading the Fish and Wild Life service on a wild crane chase I encountered some interesting facts. This is the story: While I was in Florida I heard some convincing descriptions of whooping cranes, said to be found on a nearby plantation. I knew the whooping crane rapidly was becoming becom-ing extinct and I had never heard of any of them having been seen in Florida so, when I returned to Washington, I Immediately communicated commu-nicated my "discovery" to Mr. Lincoln, Lin-coln, ornithologist of the Fish and Wild Life service of the department of the interior. He was very polite and patient and even agreed to ask Mr. Kelsey, one of the department's representatives, to interview my wife, who was still in Florida, as to the reports which she had first-hand. It wasn't long before I heard from my wife that as a result of further consultation with the Audubon Bird Book and a very short conversation with Kelsey, there was unanimous agreement that the cranes were not whoopers but must be sandhills. It's an old story to the service but they take no chances and run down all clues. Even if the only proof the "discoverer" has is the earnest In sistence that: "I know it was a whoopin' crane because I heard him a'whoopin'." Part of the reason for these meticulous metic-ulous Inquiries is that the service is at present conducting a survey in hope of locating the nesting place of the whooping cranes. This spot never has been found, but it almost certainly is somewhere in Canada. Lincoln doubts that there are more than 50 of these birds alive today although there are records showing that the skies over the western plains once were darkened by the flights of hundreds, even thousands, of them. If, like the passenger pigeon, they disappear entirely. North America will have lost its tallest tall-est as well as one of its most beautiful beau-tiful birds. The whooping crane stands over four feet tall, has a wingspread of seven feet and flies with neck and legs out straight It has white plumage except for black tips on the wings; has black legs and yellow bill and a bare red crown. A little less than two years ago National Audubon society approached ap-proached the government and offered of-fered to furnish funds for the working out of a joint survey, the purpose of which was to locate the breeding grounds and other points where the cranes gathered in order to arrange for their further protection. protec-tion. The one place in the United States where cranes are known to pass their summers is the national wild life refuge near Corpus Christi, Tex. No nest of a whooping crane is known to have been seen within 20 years or perhaps longer. The birds have been observed passing over the Dakotas. Manitoba and Saskatchewan Saskatche-wan and it is taken for granted that somewhere north of these points the nesting grounds are located. None has been discovered although one government plane and a plane belonging to a collaborator (a collaborator col-laborator is a person paid by some private institution but who is permitted per-mitted to use department of the interior in-terior facilities) have flown over many thousands of square miles in this area.) Every possible effort has been made to locate the nest for it is here that protection is most important. im-portant. by Baukhage 1 set that Winston Churchill gave the thirsty Anglophobes a fine chance by opining that prices for Scotch were too low. . These days. Democrats whether they be dissenting or deserving, can move around with considerable safe r? without having to dndje brick bats WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS CO, AFL Discuss Labor Unity; U.S. Aids Starving Romanians; Truman Acts to End Emergency Released by Weatern (EDITOR'S NOTEl When opinions are expressed la these eolnmns, they are those of Western Newspaper talon's news analysts and net aecsssarlly ol Ibis newspaper.) M Ijjrrn- mil. II llllll aniailll I llllllllll lllll I IMIIMII ,11 nwmniniyj j mul ill 1 ' -....l. .u,ujm,iihi,ij ',,; ?:': " .' V .,'H fi ' ' ' . X A ' : l i ' I - x V it " - -i.V. cf v . t If " CIO President Philip Murray (left) shakes hands with senate labor committee chairman Taft (Rep., O.), at hearings on corrective labor legislation. Rapping proposed changes, Murray attributed industrial unrest to workers' reduced real income and high corporation profits. LABOR: Discuss Unity Divided in 1935 over the issue of vertical (mass) organization of workers,' the ''House of Labor" was another tortuous step closer to unity with CIO acceptance of an AFL invitation in-vitation to merge the two great American labor movements with a total membership of over 12 million. Significantly, John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers, who left the AFL to head the new CIO and then returned to the AFL, was named on the AFL negotiating committee headed by Pres. William Green. Fa-miliar Fa-miliar with the mechanics and per-sonalities per-sonalities of both unions, John L. is in a strategic position to pave the way for unification. Representatives of two former AFL unions were named on the CIO committee led by Pres. Philip Murray. Mur-ray. They included Emil Rieve of the Textile Workers and Jacob Patof-sky Patof-sky of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers. As former units in the AFL, these two CIO unions also can bring their combined experience in both labor movements into the discussions dis-cussions to reach a common ground of agreement FAMINE: Aid Romania The American Red Cross drew upon Uncle Sam's bounty to relieve Romania's worst famine in 50 years. No less than 500,000 men, women and children were suffering starvation in the Moldavian region and . lacking clothing and other supplies. Red Cross purchases of 4,500 tons pf 10-in-l rations and 2,500 tons of beans from the war department assured the stricken Moldavians of 1,000 calories a day for 16 days. Ml THE INNOCENT Starve in Romania Clothing also was provided for ragged and hollow-eyed children. Meanwhile,, Romanian representatives represent-atives in Washington completed negotiations for the purchase of large supplies of American grain upon condition that the U. S. would supervise distribution to guard against discrimination for political or other purposes. The famine was brought about by a two year drouth, wartime slaughter slaugh-ter of livestock, breakdown of transportation and heavy levies by the Russian army. Hit Chinese Heads Chinese leaders were under fire from within and without as inflation continued to grip the country in the face of insufficient domestic production pro-duction and the wholesale supply of Chinese currency. As the government dumped gold WAR DEPARTMENT: Ideas submitted by war department depart-ment civilian employees have effected ef-fected first-year savings of nearly 170 million dollars in department operations since June, 1943, it was announced. Under the war department civilian civil-ian employees" suggestion program, pro-gram, employees have submitted 335.040 ideas, of which number 58,615 have been adopted and put in ooeration with beneficial results. Newspaper Union. f t on the market in an effort to stabilize stabil-ize the Chinese dollar, officials and newspapers charged former Pre mier H. H. Kung with buying up the precious metal for the purpose of manipulating the currency and em barrassing the government of Pre mier T. V. Soong. Like Generalis simo Chiang Kai-shek, Kung is married to a sister of Soong, making the three brothers-in-law China's ruling family. Chiang himself took a hand in China's deteriorating economic situation, sit-uation, issuing a broad decree for the repatriation of private fortunes abroad; fixing wage-price ceilings; prohibiting all dealings, in gold and foreign exchange; banning strikes and lockouts; initiation of a half- billion dollar import program, and government withdrawal from in dustry. WHITE HOUSE: Emergency Ending Continuing to keep abreast of the GOP, President Truman paved the way" for an early end to the national emergency proclaimed in 1939 and extended in 1941. With the Republican congress bent on restoring normalcy, Mr. Truman again anticipated GOP action by asking the legislators to repeal 24 temporary laws, temporarily tempo-rarily extend 12 others, permit an other 10 to run out their course, and cut back 12 appropriations. Among the 24 laws the President tabbed for repeal were those au thorizing the secretary of agricul ture to buy and distribute food for U. S. territories and possessions; disposal of ships under lend-lease and accumulation of 90 days annual leave for government employees, Laws which he said should be allowed to run their course include restriction of active duty of reserves re-serves to emergencies; government construction and use of petroleum lines, and temporary maintenance of housing on public lands. . Trimming of emergency laws would reduce the President's war time powers still in effect to those covering the official war period, which will end with ratification of peace treaties. WORLD TRADE: Must Import There is a huge demand' for American goods overseas but the U. S. will' have to accept payment in large part in foreign goods, uv dustry and government officials told the annual Chicago World Trade conference. Declaring that American exports chiefly will be limited by the amount of foreign exchange held by other countries, John L. McCaffrey, president of International Harvester Har-vester company, urged that the U. S. should finance shipments with imports of goods and services which we do not produce ourselves or can buy more cheaply abroad. As long as we maintain high tariffs, foreign loans for exports could not be re- paid and would result in losses, he said. Unless foreign markets are found for American agricultural products farm output will have to be cur. tailed, with' a consequent reduction in demand for industrial goods. Sec retary of Commerce Harriman stated. The government hopes to establish trade stability through reciprocal agreements and creation of an international trade authority, he said. Foresee Expansion Gains in both exports and imports this year are forecast in a report on postwar trends in United States for eign trade issued by the Chamber of Commerce of the United States. Assuming a continued high rate of business activity, the report re-port estimates merchandise exports ex-ports may exceed $11,000,000,-000 $11,000,000,-000 in 1917, compared with $9,-700,000,000 $9,-700,000,000 in 1946. The report estimates imports in 1947 may reach $6,000,000,003, compared with $4,900,000,000 in ISIS. CONGRESS: Budget Trouble t As in the case of reducing per sonal income taxes, the Republican congress divided on the extent of slashing President Truman's 1948 budget request of 37.5 billion dollars. While GOP members in the house led by Representative Taber (Rep., N.Y.) favored a 6 billion dollar cut, senate Republicans led by Senator Taft (Rep., O.) stood out for a 44 billion dollar decrease. It was expected ex-pected that a compromise figure of 5 billion would be reached, permit ting a 20 per cent income tax reduction reduc-tion and a sizable surplus to be applied against the national debt. House Republicans charged their senate colleagues with having succumbed suc-cumbed to military and naval pressure pres-sure against substantial reductions in army and navy expenditures. Declaring there was room for econ omy "and an end to extravagance in every federal agency, ' Including the army and navy, they asserted that the services could take a 15 per cent slash in appropriations without hampering national defenses in the slightest Taft replied any cut in military appropriations be held to 10 per cent to assure national security and fulfillment of overseas obligations. POTATOES: Seek to Avert Loss Seeking to avert the loss of at least 20 million bushels of surplus potatoes taken over by the, government govern-ment in support of the 1946 crop, the department of agriculture of fered them to commercial exporters and processors for 5 cents a hundred hun-dred pounds. The support price was $2.20. The department's latest offer com pared with a price of 35 cents previously pre-viously set for export sale. Because of the low food value of potatoes, their perishability and high handling costs, foreign governments have pre ferred to purchase more nutritious and less cumbersome supplies of grain. Inasmuch as they can buy wheat flour at five to six cents a pound, the foreign governments also have been hesitant about paying 15 to 20 cents a pound for dehydrating potatoes. po-tatoes. Sale of the potatoes to processors at 5 cents per 100 pounds will bring the price of the dehydrated dehydrat-ed potatoes down appreciably, providing pro-viding a stimulus for export. The bargain export price will not apply to U. S. insular or territorial possessions supplied by regular commercial com-mercial channels. Medics Study New Malady Medicine was on the trail of a " new disease which has taken a heavy toll of life among babies ranging from two. weeks to three years of age in Indiana and Kentucky. Ken-tucky. Diagnosed as a virus type of . sleeping sickness, the disease in' fects both children and adults, but older people contract the illness in a milder form and recover. Fifteen babies died from the disease dis-ease in the Evansville, Ind., area alone within six weeks, it was re-" re-" vealed. Other deaths were reported report-ed in New Albany and Jefferson-ville, Jefferson-ville, Ind., and Louisville, Ky. No more than one child was stricken in any family. Because doctors have not been required to report the disease to health authorities, there bos been little opportunity to study it. Postmortem Post-mortem operations on several of the victims disclosed similar effects, ef-fects, it was said. SUPREME COURT: Jackson Assails Black The "elastic and somewhat unpredictable unpre-dictable interpretations" of the laws by Justice Black has aroused the ire of Justice Robert Jackson. In a separate concurring opinion on a case involving apprentice rail-road rail-road men under the wage-hour law, Jackson sharply criticized Black's reasoning in his written decision. He also took Justice Frank Murphy to task for two derisions in nhih he wrote the majority opinion. inese were the famous Mount Clemens Pottery Co. case, on which portal pay suits are based, and the Jewell Ridge Coal Corporation case, which established the portal to portal por-tal pay rights in coal mining. Black's principal charge was that in these two rulings and in the railroad apprentice case, no notice was taken of "contract or custom" prevailing in the businesses involved. in-volved. He went on to say that the court should "pay at least some deference to the customs and contracts con-tracts of an industry" when interpreting inter-preting the wage-hour law, and not put "industry and labor in a legal straitjacket of our own design." Endless litigation, he said, would follow from these uncertain decisions, deci-sions, profitable only to attorneys. The true function of the court in wage-hour cases. Black asserted, is to give decisiveness and integrity in borderline cases. HOUSING: More new permanent homes (58,-' 000) 'were completed in December than in any other month in 1946 bringing the total number completed for the year to 454.000. the bureau of labor statistics reported. Almost three-fourths of the units made ready for occupancy in 1946 were started in the same year. More than 40.000 of the nearly 671,000 new permanent dwellings begun last year were started in December and will be completed sometime in 1947 according to revised e;'-n-tes. The Broadway Lights: The Late Watch: Billboard lists 24 radio programs which cost sponsors spon-sors a total of $2,500,000 (in free gifts to contestants) In 1946. Only one of the 24 shows is in Hooper'a inner circle of the first 15 After six months William Schiller (president (presi-dent of the Polka Dot guild) picked Gink Todd (a Cedar Rapids Girl Friday) to Inherit the crown of Chill Williams, his former "trademark. Eyewitnesses say La Todd does more for polka dots than polka dots did for Chill Wms. ... Oh, Now Looka Here Dept.: A show girl at 7anity Fair calls herself June July. Anything to get into a column. . . . Strange Broadway Romances: A rich playboy bridegroom used to be his mater-in-laws fella! . . . The 75-year-old widder of a millionaire is wooing an author 30 years her junior. Oh, you kid. . . . Casting note: Theatre Inc's. new play. "The Big People" means just that It is hiring actors who are at least six feet two. . . . Tito Guizar's newest way of Saying goodnight to a heel: 'Have a happy drop dead!" Tris. Coffin, whose eyes and ears represent many Americans in the senate press gallery, has a new book due soon, titled; "Missouri Compromise." The title was selected by the publisher publish-er because the book Is about what happened In Washington since FDR's death. Much of the scene In Washington these last two years, the author emphasizes, empha-sizes, "has been sad, tragio and absurd." , Times Square Smalltalk: Local girls shudder when they discuss New York's most terrifying wolf-one wolf-one of our famed naval war heroes! . . . Jock Whitney may announce any week his plans to erect the world's most luxurious racetrack in Queens. . . . Very ex-senator R. R. Reynolds Is starting a law office in Washington as "a specialist In government gov-ernment departmental practice," whatever that is. . . . Sudden Thawt: The only thing that nobody has tried to fix at Madison Square Garden is the air-conditioning system. . . . Will Spruille Braden replace Gen. Walter Wal-ter Bedell Smith as ambassador to Moscow?.. These days the post is equivalent to being second top man In the state department. . . . Regarding Re-garding safety in aviation circles. remember this fact: It took the railroads rail-roads 65 years ' to reach the . high safety mark the airlines reached in their initial 20. Mid town Vignette: They told ns they brought it from Hollywood, Holly-wood, where a swank spot solved the matter of "who pays the check?" . '. . This little gad-v gad-v get discourages arguments and it is fun, besides. . .' . It is a souvenir bottle opener. ... In the form of a miniature hand. ... The index finger is pointed. When the check is presented yon put the thing on the table and spin it . . . And the person' to whom the finger pernts pays. Street Scene: There's a youngster young-ster in the window of a peanut shop on Broadway at 46th. His job is to weigh peanuts on a scale. . . . He puts on quite a bit of pan-tomimicry pan-tomimicry measuring the nuts, described de-scribed by enchanted passersby as "the netz." . : . He really is a Chaplinin Chap-linin the Harry, Langdon manner, If you know your show business, that is. . . He convulses crowds which clog the sidewalk watching him. . . . For all I know, by the time you read this, he won't be there but on his way to Hollywood. . . Newest big spender about mid-town mid-town is a Puerto Rican named Nino. Leaves a trail of big tips (a mile wide) nightly. ... Ann Sheridan now sleeps on a special glass mattress! mat-tress! Fireproof and no allergy, or somethin'. . . . Lucille Ball spurned her new car because its bright red clashed with her orange hair. The Intelligentsia: Alma Archer, Mirror beauty editor, has a book on what women think of men, due in the spring. The title is: "Ah-Men." Ralph Ingersoll has retired to his farm to write three novels Clare Luce will reveal the most intimate details in a mag on how she found religion. She also is finishing a new book at her plantation. Appleton will publish Jean Libman Block has a pece called "Do They Gyp You When You Sell Your Jewelry?" in the Feb. Good Housekeeping. She did the research with borrowed gems. ... Dr. A. J. Cronm. the author, is applying for U. S. citizenship. citizen-ship. The Washington Ticker: The visit of President Truman South of the Border is more than a salute to the new president of Mexico. It is an out-and-out open bid to strengthen the hand of the Mexican government against communistic infiltration in wentral America. . . Bi-partisan pohcy soon will be a thing of the past Mr. Byrnes; stiff policy toward Russia Rus-sia (oddly enough) will become the Republican position-with the new secretary of state (backed by Mr Truman) relying on a more concilia lory attitude. ""Mi.. ASH MB MOTHS) A General Quiz The Question. 1. In Roman history ,i spectators wanted a , killed thev dirt w 2. What Dlanpt'o . as the earth'? out M 3. The population of th. States at the first census"; was what? 1 4. How mnVi -I j . Washington use in a & ,f.i ocmun 01 the f did most of the accidental occur last year? 6. How manw .. -. ..j times fliH Henry VIII ofEngland mar, The Answert 1. Turned their thumbs dr- 2. Mars (24 hours and 37! utes). 3. The first census wa 214. as 4. The government burs 60,000 spools, 72 yards to the yearly for use on official mems. g 5. In the mountain states J ada lead with 158.9 deatw inn nnn ...ixs . had the fewest, 51.2. 6. Six times. pi WAI If your nose some- t-Sa times nllsup with stuffy transient! Kestion out a few drnns nf v..tJ In each nostril. It quickly reduces! gestion and makes breathing easil a hurry , . . gives grand relief 1 sniffly, sneezy, stuffy distress j colds.Follow directions in the paJ Happy Days fo( Sluggish Folks WHEN CONSTIPATION makes TOO punk as the dickens, firings on stomj upset, sour taste, gassy discom!i take Dr. Caldwell's famous media to quickly pull the trigger on lazy a Bards", end help you feel bright 1 chipper again. DR. CALDWELL'S is the wonderful m na laxative contained in good old Syi .Pepsin to make it so easy to tut. MANY DOCTORS use pepsin prctf tons in prescriptions to make the ind cine more palatable and agreeable take. So be sure your laiative is tawed in syrup Pepsin. INSIST ON DR. CALDWELL'S tin - vorite of millions for 50 years, sudf that wholesome relief from contti tion. Even finicky children love it - CAUTION: Use only as directed. DR.COM SENNA LAXATIVE SYRUP BK CONTAINED IN How To R Bronchitis nrnnmtlT cause it goes right to the seat j trouoie to neip ioo&eu j germ laden phlegm, and aid m to soothe and heal raw, team 3 flamed bronchial mucous m branes. Tell your druggu w u a bottle of Creomulsion .with tne derstandingr you must hke tn jj quiciay allays tne cougu 1 to have your money bacs. j CREOMULSIO for Couehs, Chest Colds, Brow (VNU W May Warn of Disorder1 Kidney Acu Modern life with IM ZvA irregular habita, improp , s AriJXiit. ri.v of expo in" , tion throws heavy 'if tx of th kidneys. They re k- over-taxed and fail to ""fjrf' and other impuritie rm tM blood. ib You may mffer b , m headache, diizinesa. rt;n let paina. awelling oagf tired, nervoaa. all worn 0f:" r,f of kidney or bladder diao""" umea Durning. 1 Try DooVa P"- fact" tidneya to paa oO na.- - waste. They ha? JjT century Ul puui r - j Blended by rrateful o" A 1 .Lluvf I MmS""