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r 1? n News J WithCmeBunm? f IB 1948 Long Way Off, but Taft Looms as GOP Hope By BAUKIIAGE News Arudyit end Commentator. WSV Service, 1611 Eye Street, N.W, Washington. D. C. Along about June of ny election year, when lot of fimple souli are thinking . about moonlight and rote, electrie fan, and where to go (or a summer sum-mer vacation, a lot of longer-range longer-range planner! are wondering about next winter's win-ter's coal supply, harvest time, and many other things a lot further fur-ther away than the fly on your nose. Among these are poll- ticians. It'! a great time to lean back in ehalr in the Senate office building or thereabouts, open another bottle of White Rock, light another see-gar. see-gar. and burble on about what's go ing to happen come November, and, till more intriguing, to prognosticate prognosti-cate on presidential possibilities. It's fun for the newcomers because be-cause it's so easy for them to predict, pre-dict, in the Ught of what's happening happen-ing right now. Just what will happen then. It's still more fun for the old timers because they know that the voters who may not love you to the autumn often seem very Ply in the spring and vice versa. Since there isn't much use in ipec-ulating ipec-ulating on who the Democratic presidential pres-idential nominee will be, it's more interesting to talk about Republican possibilities. Perhaps that It why, along about the middle of May, the heavy backers back-ers of Bob Taft' began to be heard from. Up until then, most of the talk in the couloirs was how Brlcker was the No. 1 boy, and how Stassen mustn't even be mentioned above a whisper. Even Stassen's own men decided It was better for the young man from Minnesota to keep his bead down to he wouldn't attract any lightning until be had found out whether bis forums were more potent po-tent than the sgainst-em's. New lt'a getting te be more serious fan te talk about Taft. Taft wants te be President. Be has wanted te be President before. be-fore. He la pretty mock master mas-ter ef the Republican erganlsa-tlon, erganlsa-tlon, but evea If he weren't, Brlcker, Us present friend and rival, to mere "beatable," de-' de-' spite the good impretsioa he made ea ala speaking tear before be-fore the last convention . , . What with the leftist look la so many veterana eyes. Brlcker has a staunch and solid conservative following. But it la a little too solidly conservative. Taft could hardly be called a radical In tact, his political garden has never produced even a pale and lonely pink. On the other band, his supporters sup-porters prudently can point to many a constructively liberal measure which has had his blessing. Only the other day, I was talking with an ardent administration or cein who baa been battling for a measure badly battered by conserv atives of both political stripes. sked him if be could expect to re-. re-. trievt in the senate a certain provision pro-vision In his legislation, lost in the bouse. "Oh, yes," he answered, "Bob Taft will go along on thai" And Taft baa a good liberal rec ord on such mass-appeal measures aa bousing. The Republicans dea'l have to deal with the eld-line bosses to the extent that the Democrats Demo-crats de and la twa at the larger eitiea where the Repnblloaa machine to vital Philadelphia and Claelaaatl everything would be Jake aa far aa Tatt to concerned. Be, himself, la Mnrpln la Us home state ergaa-fetation ergaa-fetation ... and Mr. Pew, wbe makes the RepnbUeaa wheels ge reand la Pennsylvania, want-ad want-ad Taft la '41 and '44. It la to be presumed he'll feel the same la '48, This doesn't eliminate other bril liant possibilities. Including Messrs. Stassen and vandenberg, both ef whose political futures may be molded by international develop- tnenta. Mr Vandenberg has done a lot of the molding himself. This could work both ways. On the one hand the energy and devotion with which Mr. Vandenberg has applied himself him-self to foreign affairs, and the powerful pow-erful influence be has exerted, have greatly Increased bis silhouette on BARBS ... , The average age of the American population bas been increasing since colonial times, says the Met-t. Met-t. ropolitan Information service. Just what it your average age, today t '- " ' , ... - -' Army regulations have made men bat-conscious, says Business Week magazine. The prices they bay to ! pay for the civilian variety will make some of them unconscious. I'm1- TV ' ' " In illllll r.i Lii'lguj the the International horizon. On the other hand, these activities, both in quantity and quality, have taken him far afield from the usual political polit-ical approach to a Republican presidential presi-dential nomination. It may be there is a niche in the making that would need a man of bis proportion to fill but one Democrat Demo-crat said to me the other day: "Sometimes it looks as if Van would rather be right than President." Times change, almost kaleidoscop-ically, kaleidoscop-ically, these dayi. The presidential candidate of tomorrow may turn out to be (if you'll excuie my Irish) a dark hone of an entirely different color. Columnists Speak Out of (in?) Turn The carping critics of today and yesterday enjoy decrying the vari ous Inroads upon our founding fathers' fa-thers' ideas of government by the people. We hear much about "govern ment by lobbies"; "government by executive order"; "government by this and by that . . . President Roosevelt used to In veigh against what might have been called an attempt at "government by columnists." It always seemed rather unnecessary on his part-since part-since he used to be eleeted regularly regu-larly with a press 80 per cent hostile. hos-tile. Recently President Truman was called opoa to comment ea the work ef the distinguished columnist, Walter Llppmsnn, Llppmana expounded the somewhat some-what startling theme with even more startling trimmings that Britain and Russia were pursuing pursu-ing a foreign policy based ea the possibility, If not the probability prob-ability ef war, with each side hoping to enlist eventual German Ger-man support. In fact Mr. Llppmann even discov ered an invisible German army In the British sane. (I don't mean that literally, tor I understand that he did not visit the British tone in his tour of Investigation.) The President's comment was that hindsight was better than fore sight, but as far as a bidden army waa concerned, be never beard of it ... and didn't think It existed. The same day, Mr. Truman was asked to comment on the statement of another distinguished correspond ent, Harold Callender, Paris cor respondent for the New York Times. Mr. Callender had reported a sharp reversal of American foreign pol Icy toward Russia. The President slapped that down, too, saying that he knew of no change . . . and he made the policy. Some days before, Sumner Welles, former undersecretary of state, now a radio commentator, made ob servations similar to those of Cal lender. Recently Harold Ickes, another former civil servant turned colum nist, declared that the careful newspaper news-paper reader could get more authoritative author-itative Information than the secretary secre-tary of state possessed, because the seeretary'a Information was screened by a reactionary and Inefficient In-efficient aide. Just how much Influence the in dividual writer or commentator wields Is a Question. In most eases. it takes an almost unanimous repe tition of an Idea to produce action. And then its effect on the govern ment Is usually indirect It results from the Dressure of nubile onlnion. which In many cases is created by press and radio, when the many men of many minds and political faiths can agree on some one subject When the maioritv an-ea it uausll means that they are as nearly right as mortals can be in these confus ing days. In the ease ef Walter Llppmann, Llpp-mann, I believe that he Is voicing voic-ing what many of aa wbe have followed recently International gathering! and who have beea la Europe alnce the war, agree apont namely, that the statesmen states-men et the major European powers have fallen bite the eld pattern . . . basing their diplomacy diplo-macy m the thesis that war la more or ten Inevitable, Instead et the new pattern where the objective la to prevent war rather rath-er than prepare for it Another theme -of LIppmann's wiucn is not held by him alone, to which this writer certain)- amea. la that the problem of the proper handling of Germany la the most Important foreign problem, and the one upon which aa the other prob lems depend. by Bauhhag The coal strike was like a stead stream of sand filtering Into the complicated machinery of our econ- omv ... rrlndln dnwn tha burning -out the bearings, changing uj coorua u conversion to a ca cophony of shrieking brakes. pood-greedy Americana should. rememoer mat oreaaiines are worse tnan'oyunea. By EDWARD EMERINE WHO restart!. THE Oregon country, including the most northwesterly portion of all, the present state of Washington, Wash-ington, was the unwanted and all-but-forgotten land of a little more than a century ago. Back East they felt that the Rocky mountains were the natural western boundary of the United States and refused to vote one cent for the development of a region so tar away. There bad been two wars with the British; why ehance a third? Let the British have it. The United States had an the land it needed. But those thousands of pioneers who had urged their oxen along the Oregon trail and crawled over the mountains thought differently. They had found a good land, rich hi beauty and vitality, where the mountains and forests came down to meet the Pacific ocean. The British Brit-ish wanted the country merely for trade with the Indians. The pioneers wanted It for their homes, their farms, their ranches, their dream cities. And they wanted It to be a part of the United States. They had traveled hundreds of wary miles, fighting Indians along the way, burying loved ones In un marked graves. And now they had cleared their land, built houses, planted crops, and knew they bad found an area with resources so vast and varied that even they were bewildered be-wildered by the prospects. Some-bow Some-bow the East and Washington, D. C. must be told about it, made to believe. Washington Anally heard, and the cry of "Fifty-four Forty or Fight" went up. The settlers cleaned their rifles and waited. If the British wanted war, they were ready. But war was averted by the treaty of 1848. in which Joint American and British occupancy was ended. A compromise boundary of the 49th parallel was established, and the Oregon country became a part of the United States. The Columbia river, however, re mained a natural dividing line running run-ning through Oregon territory. The settlers "north of the river" want ed a territory of their own. As early GRAND COULEE . . . Largest concrete structure that man ever made. Fewer from this dam accounted for the major portion ef aluminum for construction at ear airplanes tor the Army Air Forces daring World War IL as 1849 they had carved the area Into two enormous counties, Lewis and Clark. More settlers were crossing cross-ing over and sentiment for a division divi-sion was evident A group met at Cowlits Prairie to memoralize congress. con-gress. They were not heard. They met again in 1852 at Montlcello and sent another petition to Washington. Joseph Lane, Oregon territorial delegate, offered his aid and introduced intro-duced a bill to organize the territory terri-tory of Columbia, for that was to be its name. The bill was passed, but not before It was amended to change the name to Washington territory. ter-ritory. On March 1 1853, just two days before be left the White House, Pres. Millard Fillmore signed it Washington territory extended from the continental divide to the Pacific ocean, Including what Is now the northern part, or panhandle, of Idaho. But the settlers were not yet satisfied. Agitation tor statehood began be-gan and continued tor nearly IS years. In 1889 they were successful and Pres. Grover Cleveland signed the bill a month before he left the White Bouse. At a convention in Olympia on July 4. that year, a constitution con-stitution was drawn up, and at aa election on October 1 it was adopted adopt-ed by the citizens. A hew man in a i , . .-,!.. Ai I'"' -r -VnniTfiiti i ,kWljiLu.jf i-rVliil Kouiag Wheat si ) , war a tf fa-ifafci rn i etlvf o Maw CANADA C jSSf (. " M SPOKANE j .:-v.: . MON C. WALLGREN Governor et Washington Bora In Dea Moines, Iowa. Borne town, Everett, Wash. Former For-mer state representative and United States senator. the White House, Pres. Benjamin Harrison, issued a proclamation on November 11 that Washington was admitted as a state. When the Indian wars ended, the eastern part of the territory was opened to settlement and brought immediate prosperity throughout the Northwest The arrival of the "Mercer Girls," widows and orphans or-phans of the Civil war, provided wives for the territory's excess male population. Railroads raced to reach the great empire, with new towns and settlements following the ribbons of steel. There was a severe set-back, however, when the new atate was hard hit by depression and panic in 1891 Washington's recovery was rapid, for Its people were virile and determined. deter-mined. The Alaska gold rush of 189? made Seattle the metropolis of the Northwest and a few years later, in 1903, there was a mining boom at Spokane which tripled that city's population. Ports and shipping grew rapidly on the coast Fishing became be-came an Important industry. Agriculture Agri-culture flourished and livestock Increased In-creased all over the state. Lumber Lum-ber business and mining brought prosperity to thousands. The Evergreen state (or Chinook atate) holds more than the majestic mountains, canyons, gorges, forests, for-ests, lakes and highways shown In a tourist folder, it to mora than scenery. It is a land of vast natural resources, many of them as yet undeveloped un-developed or not fully utilized. v Vf.U'"m"-m mmmjm,mu i.wi.jjMMBjai. mi GREEN STAll Washington Is rich in minerals coal, gold, silver, lead, mercury and , zinc. It has clays, granite, sand-; stone, marble, limestone and cement ce-ment Also found in the state are antimony, arsenic, tungsten and platinum. Standing timber in Washington includes in-cludes Douglas fir, yellow and white pine, spruce, larch, cedar and others. oth-ers. Normally, Washington leads all states in lumber output shipping its products all over the world. It has wood pulp and paper mills as well as other industries built on i wood products. j On Washington's coast are In- numerable harbors on which Seattle, Tacoma, Everett, Olympia, Van-couver Van-couver and Other important cities are located. This great commercial area to the nearest American gateway gate-way to the ports of Asia and handles most of the shipping to and from Alaska as well as world trade through the Panama canal. During World War II the shipbuilding and airplane manufacturing industry reached gigantic proportions and is expected to continue. Coupled with its almost-unlimited natural resources is Washington's mighty output of hydro - electric power for Industry. The Grand Coulee dam Is part of a reclama tion project that will ultimately irrigate irri-gate 1.200.000 acres of land and pro duce electrical power far In excess of present needs. The Bonneville dam and others also contribute to the generation of power. Washington, however, remains Chiefly agricultural. It leads all states by far in the production of apples and is high in output of other oth-er fruits such as pears, peaches. cnerries, grapes, apricots, prunes and berries. Other crops are wheat, barley, oats, corn, alfalfa and clover bay, sugar beets, peas and bops. Huge herds of cattle and sheep graze throughout the state, and horses, hogs, chickens and tur keys are grown profitably on most farms and ranches. In the eastern part of the state, Washington to semi-arid, with Irri gation used extensively. Its grain and cattle industries thrive there. West of the Cascades the rainfall la extremely heavy, ranging as high a cu incnes annually, with a re sultant profusion of vegetation. The people of Washington have a rich heritage of thrift and courage and they retain the pioneer spirit that led them through the perils of settlement. They have the vision, too, for greater strides tomorrow. CASCADES , wallipa river, para . . Of the Dose-Olymplo Dose-Olymplo national 2. fi ...iiiimifii, m ,. ui m V,i ' ,. i, i ... . Fields at Eastern Washington, 1 I '5 v. .. . r.v: :. -- . r.- ': Id WASHINGTON By Walter Sheod wnu WSU Wtsbington Bmtm, UU Eye St.. V. W. Truman Gained Stature During His First Year JUST about all the newspapers and magazines in the country have had their say at appraising President Harry S. Truman after his first year in office. Your Home Town Reporter has been able during this past year to watch the President, his policies and the operation of his administration adminis-tration from a more or less detached de-tached viewpoint. Luckily when I attend the President's press conferences confer-ences it is not necessary for me to rush to a phone or to my typewriter and hurriedly dash off a story of my Impressions, for in covering for the weekly newspapers I have sufficient suf-ficient time to deliberate over what has happened. President Truman entered the , White House as an averageAmer- lean without too impressive a rec ord behind him at anything. He had done his stint at farming, at running a haberdashery store and at politics, and in the latter he was more successful. As chairman of the senate war investigating committee, com-mittee, he made a real contribution contribu-tion to the successful culmination of the war. Bat when he was catapulted Into the presidency by the death of his predecessor, he was untried as a statesman, unknown as to Us abilities abili-ties and he faced the heaviest re sponsibilities any man had ever been called upon to face. He didn't want the job and confessed, Us shortcomings, Us average Americanism. Ameri-canism. The average American back in the home towns of the country like and are proud of our democracy because be-cause it gives them, as average citi zens, the chance to improve and advance ad-vance socially, economically and intellectually in-tellectually ... it gives them a chance to grow and better their standards of living. President Has Grown This reporter believes that in the year the President has been in the White House, he has grown grown as any other average Amer ican man would have grown ... in his proficiency to cope with the most powerful office in the world . grown in his ability to judge men and their capabilities . . . grown under the pressure of enormous events better to make decisions . grown in his contacts with other world leaders. But in this growth of the President Presi-dent he has built up no halos . . . no iracuuons ... no mytns ... no superman, he remains an average American who is growing up to his Job. During our incumbency down here in Washington, we have seen successful business men with fabulous fabu-lous reputations as leaders in their fields, tycoons of industry, come to Washington to take part in government govern-ment . . . and make miserable fail ures. Your Home Town Reporter does not believe the President has made a miserable failure. He is not a oriuiant statesman ... nor is he a great orator . . nor a great socialite. His voice on the radio lacks the human appeal which was so apparent in that of his predeces sor, out Dis speeches in cold tvne. matched speech for speech with the public utterances of the late President Roosevelt do not suffer oy comparison. He has failed in his efforts to woo tne co-operation of his old eoi. leagues in congress. Our observation observa-tion has been, however, since the nrsi rew days of the "honeymoon' were over, congress has been more concerned with showing the Presi dent wno was boss than in giving him co-operation, or considering the welfare of the American neonle. Ann that state of affairs bas come about largely tnrough reaction to the years when congress either went along willingly with President Roosevelt or grudgingly when he uSea me oig snck to bludgeon them Into giving the people his progres- iyw program. 'Innate Democracy Much has been made of President Presi-dent Truman's oft-nnenti for help from the people, from in- ousiry, rrom labor, from agricul-ture. agricul-ture. He has said again and again that he cannot do his feh i This has been Interpreted by some as a weakness. But In this column's opinion it to merely an expression of his Innate democracy, since democracy de-mocracy after all, is only a huge co-operative governed by a major- "V VlUiUU, President Truman has made mis- . . . mistakes of the heart. met man tne head . . . u nam-tag nam-tag some advisors and In leanina upon their advice ... he has con-fessed con-fessed his mistakes ... he has faced defeats . . . seen his administration program emasculated and beaten, even ignored by congress. Today he to less naive, less humble, gray-er. gray-er. more dignified, more assertive he went to the White House in April a little more thn m rear ago. His smile to itill ipon. tusarmingry numan. BvPaulMalloh K Belesed by Western Newspaper Onion. LOAN TO BRITAIN WOULD PROMOTE SOCIALISM WASHINGTON. The senate de-hate de-hate on the nronosed loan to Britain has conspicuously ducked the fact that the British government is lav-Ishlv lav-Ishlv buvine its way into socialism. Some of the senate newsmen, who re the senator's severest critics. attribute the void to the broad lack nf imnwledse amona politic os of financial matters. They should charge It instead, to the masking op-prations op-prations of the Attlee government. Not even the most learned financial authorities of the empire can ascer tain how the Attlee treasury taken over the Bank of England and the mines, or how it is proceed ing now to take the cable and wireless wire-less companies, railroads, steel and whatnot. The operations nave oeen covered with secrecy and confusion woruly of an Eisenhower invasion I of Europe, in which raise moves and rumors were used to conceal the real intent from the. enemy. Yet sufficient general evidence is available in the government bills proposed in parliament to piece together to-gether a general outline of the scheme. Each industry is being seized in a slightly different way. The government has steadfastly re fused to announce a general policy. But the actions taken so far war rant these following conclusions: The government is buying its na tion with debt It is purchasing In dustries by offering government stock or securities to private owners own-ers for their private stock and se curities. The price paid is rarely divulged, but seems generally to be the current market value, or better. GOOD PRICES OFFERED The London Times analyzed the processes so far in an effort to of fer some worthwhile advice to holders hold-ers of railroad securities who may be next and reached this conclu sion: "Whatever method of nation alization is adopted, railroad stocks should be retained." In short the Times concludes the government will offer at least the current mar ket value or better for the railroads. Only in the taking for the Bank of England did the government tell what It waa really offering. Then it gave a 3 per cent government gov-ernment bond for stock, but guaranteed dividends until 1966 equal to what the Bank had paid in the past 20 years. In the sels-ore sels-ore of the coal industry alone did the treasury permit free sale of its substitute stock (there is a big debt in coal and operations have not been profitable). profit-able). So the general conclusion conclu-sion Is Inescapable that the socialism so-cialism of Britain represents the government issuing stock to the same people who held the private stock, at market prices, iften promising them the same Aivtdends, and in effect guaranteeing guaran-teeing them against losses, while depriving them of Influence Influ-ence In operations or the right te sell their stock. This is an expensive operation. In effect it transfers the debts of industry from private ownership to the people as a whole, making the treasury liable for success of the enterprises, atop all the war debts. How win it work out? Not a man alive can guess. Offhand you might reasonably conclude that if the industrial in-dustrial operations continue profit able, the government may pay off in 20 to 25 years as contemplated. If business becomes unprofitable, the people In their taxes, will have to toot the bUl as well as the American taxpayers who are fur nishing this proposed loan. Fur thermore, it may be difficult for a labor government to promote profit able operations because such a gov ernment must be amenable politically polit-ically to wage increases and in creased operating costs for public service. MANIPULATION POSSIBLE But these simplest truths may not stand the test of time, because gov ernment can do anything. As it I bas let money rot it can allow its special securities tor each of these industries in years ahead to find lev els less burdensome upon the treas ury. Only imaginations unlimlt-1 ed can possibly conjure the limit less possibilities. Mr. Attlee's ar rangers are keeping things that way. In the cables and wireless bin, there is no clear indication of prices to be paid tor the Involved holding company stocks. Apparently Appar-ently price is to be established by private bargaining between the treasury and holders of the stock Yet these astonishing and perplexing per-plexing developments te social ism have caused remarkable little interest among the phleg matic British. The public likes to look at the surface of things (indeed baa no opportunity to do otherwise la this instance) ana ob tne snrrace lair exchange ex-change aeems to be no robbery. What difference does it make If the stockholders get a govern ment security of the same value and Interest rate for their pri vate atockT Se say the Brltisl ill 7139 'ik plus a remnant for bunm - and pockets make this smaih sunsultl Stitchery and sr simple. $ ? Summer'! com in' I Patten m . transfer pattern of on bib: s uece! for sizes 1, 2, S, 4 (al Iim srni; directions. i Due to an unusually nimui. current conditions, slightly more to required In filling orders fen in ti most popular pattern mimben, 1 Send order to: - I Sewing Circle Needhmft qt Box 3217 8aa Francises I Cu Enclose 20 cents te P.tlei No Name- Address- Smallest Froi A . innl. htH Hi. M. In the world, is found a C. which boasts also the world's c est bird. Frozen Cera Frozen corn does not to a More than two or three days k ing should not be piled up. CLASSIFIED DE P A R T MEN MISCELLANEOUS , . n boiI. Office Furniture, Fjles. TjmjnW' t . w..ku.. Cites iTaRtl RtEl'Kl SB West Broadway, gall lata ,WJ. POULTRY. CHICKS c SPPMVEB ftlox e Writ) or taU - , Here's One Of The Gre C10ODC-. Ton flrii and wr,.,,JB tram slmnle nemla L..y weak, "dragged out bom wyi 2 eli ! Kit more gtrengtn-lnsucPgfF' . Sir May War. Kidney vr j mtand u"1 ' . "--in"1" 1 " .iff9! ziej wimp' V an classes.