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I par Eastern Commission Awaits Arrival of Russians U. S. Anti-U-Boat Super -Snooper Venezuelan Fighter News Behind. Remodel In WASHINGTON , r-marniiinmimmiiuminuiiip , . s',. J -: .... ,- -.4'vv r - iiyniuin.f. i CUJ! til k7 astctl at be ipk Hi tin steal. n en OUDd : Booth Mailt tic Ml si: i t Ufu. as st rt I Ijckk' ' ' ' ' rw " """" UM - rtTj i ... V J WNUCwmajntNM w.n.ipra of the Far Eastern commission hold open meeting at state department and are addressed ,! geaetary ( State Byrnes. Most of the work at hand was delayed awaiting arrival of the Enssian members. Iowa left to lighti T. A. Stone, Canada; C. A. Berendsen, New Zealand; P. E. Naggair. France; Ambassa 'r Wei Tao-Vhig, China; Lord Halifax, Great Britain, and Secretary of State Byrnes. The control of Japan .e the concern oi mB wumuMw p Chinese Welcome for American Leathernecks a ri i. ...... i7 am I .... , .... . , 5J ..." - rWiW'Al?ttiy,--s'y,y - -k ti - 'V S - , . ' .... ' .'- . 1 " S & . trr 1 Jhe usually phlegmatio Chinese let themselves go with wild emnnsiasm w" V rTTAw t a -..'.r jim... jn.:n h nrmmaiinn of North China. The cheering crowd stood like this from dawn until the leathernecks arrived late at night. The leathernecks are weU known by the CStaeie, for during peacetime some V. S. marines were alwaya on duty in that country. President Approves New Banner . J -m, Marks Leyte Landing I I President Truman has accepted the new presidential flag, which had a designed by orders of President Roosevelt. The eagle is coking ) ward the olive branch of peace clutched to its right talon, instead of ! its left talnn fcnMSn. .. wmhnlic of war, as was the case 1 triA a Kffti i wb larmon tinn:j-n.i i a h nrnpr nas niav "4. The change of omitting the four stirs was made when five-star nnerals were authorized. Leaders of Revolutionary Junta Monnment erected on the "Bed" beach near Tacloban, Leyte, P. I. marks the spot where General Mac-Arthur Mac-Arthur stepped ashore to lead the fight which resulted in the successful suc-cessful liberation of the Philippines. A-La-Kangaroo Pack riiiitiiiiiiiniiiiiiiMMiiiiiiigiiiiinn jiiwMgipim.mi ) 3 frWf-W''- 4 r? a : 3 ' llPtkitiLU .... .i ".a Ltl. illatineffd . " iuo Kiviuumurj wuum, . . us.. Flnrm !.. Miaramnl Left to ih, -" naa laaev ever control m .nd WiUmBta Betancourt, Eaul Leonl. Dr. Bdmun3o V' nd 7. arl, Va .overnment Is reported functioning Mrs. Joseph Longbreak, one of M i New Zealand war brides to arrive : recently at Los Angeles, Is demonstrating demon-strating her A-La-Kangaroo carrier 1 for six-months-old baby Wavtii WHO WtsMngun Bmtm'i 11 try Mm Little Red Schoblhouse Is Out of Step With Times Celebration of the first anniversary anniver-sary of the White House conference on rural education, In October, served to bring into focus again the shortcomings and problems of rural education in the country schools. Moreover it has brought to the tore once again the long-standing debate over the merits of the one-room, one-teacher school, versus the consolidated con-solidated country school. There is, however, one fact that nMnmunt, n9 hntH fthil AnA-rOOffl school and the consolidated school can agree on, and that is the rural youth of the nation is not getting an even break with his city cousin in the matter of education. With this in mind, a 24-point program pro-gram for Improvement of rural education edu-cation has been drawn up for a long-range long-range fight for adoption by federal state and local school authorities. This is an effort to nring rural education edu-cation up to a higher level to give the boys and girls of rural communities communi-ties the type of education they need and the most education possible in the rural public schools of the nation. na-tion. Dr. Howard A. Dawson of Arkansas, Arkan-sas, director of the rural services oi the National Education association, at a recent press conference here announced that shortly after the first of the year nine regional conferences on rural life and education will be held in various sections of the country. coun-try. Representatives of farmers, business, labor and educational groups will participate In an effort to stimulate greater interest In the. program. ! Country Schooh Need Help Here are some vital statistics and tacts which become problems before any gathering of rural school authorities: au-thorities: Farmete have St per cent of the children and only 10 per cent of the national Income, so there is need for greater itato and federal financing as aids to local administration adminis-tration of rural schools. Bural school teachers average approximately ap-proximately $959 per year In salary ssompare4.te an average of $1,995 for city teachers, so city schools are able to obtain better teachers. There are 80,000 school teachers now working under emergency certificates cer-tificates who are not qualified to teach, and two-thirds of them are In rural schools. Rural school districts are too small and should be enlarged to provide pro-vide increased resources and to decrease de-crease administrative costs. ' Of the 189,062 rural school buildings, build-ings, 108,000 are of the one-teacher variety and one recommendation oi the White House conference is that schools should be consolidated wherever wher-ever distances, topography and the best interests of the children and ol community life permit, which, by the way, is a manner of straddling the question of whether the one-room or the consolidated school is for the best interest of the children. Enrollment in teachers' colleges, the source from which school teachers teach-ers are obtained, has dropped 50 per cent during these war years. As a result, 360,000 of the nation's 900,000 teachers are new to their jobs, and, whereas city schools have been able to maintain staffs because of higher high-er salaries paid, country schools are bearing the brunt of the shortage. Bigger, Better High Schools It is pointed out that the curriculum curricu-lum established by the state boards of education in many states varies little in the city and country schools. It is a matter of common sense there is a vast difference in the educational edu-cational needs of country children and those who live in cities. So one of the problems is for a course of study particularly fitted to the needs of the rural youth, and a staff of teachers who have the kind and quality of preservice education which will qualify them to teach in rural schools as contrasted to city schools. The NEA believes also that there can be no adequate high school education edu-cation M any rural high school where enrollment is less than 300 pupils. There can be no adequately formulated formu-lated high school program which will give the student a well-rounded education where there are only a few students; there can be no school morale or spirit, nor can interest of the student in the teen ages be maintained through four years ol high school work in small high schools, educators believe. Qualified Superintendent Furthermore, one of the planks in the 24-point program calls for careful care-ful selection of superintendents of rural schools on a basis of professional profes-sional qualifications and on non-political non-political considerations. Therefore, popular elections of county superintendents superin-tendents should be abandoned. There are some 12, 100.000 students enrolled in rural schools, which con stitute 48 per cent of eS public schools in the nation. The 451.660 rural teachers comprise 53 per cent of the nation's total V s V i : 1 , II J 4 K 1 . wi U-:V 'r-ZZ- v ill 1. " x j A .r..,ir.m-- Mmmmwm ,iir' - One of the many ingenious Inventions that overcame the TJ-boat wolf packs, the "expendable radio sono buoy." The sono buoy was sort of super-snooper radio device dropped from planes. The hydrophone picks np the sound thrown off by the U-boats and f days It by cable to the radio transmitter In the top compartment which broadcasts the signal to waiting ships and planes. Where Gvil War Flared in China This young man Is typical of the. young fighters or tne Democratic party, who helped military sprinf the coup that ousted President An g arlta and bis government in Yen esuela. The V. 8. government nai recognised the new Socialist govern roent of Venetuela Heads Atomic Grouj By PaulMalion Release b Western Newspaper Untoa. ADVOCATES SCHOOL AND GUARD TRAINING PLAN WASHINGTON. The papers m. ply reported what congressmen said about Mr. Truman's youth draft plan, but mors important wsi what, was not said. Normally the Democratic leaders rush to say any message from their1 rresmeut was m cna specvu, ve the greatest ever. This time. House, ' Leader McCormack told Inquiring 1 newsmen; he wanted time to read the message thoroughly and Senate! Leader Barkley could not be' found although he was around, A similarly significant void was' evident all down, the line of both, Democratic and Republican ranks, where the men know the youth draft is not popular. Actually, only those congressmen who bad already committed com-mitted themselves on both sides of the question chose to comment. - Any rush tor action likewise was missing. Acting Chairman Johnson of the senate, military committee, a Democrat who is against the Tru man idea, said the matter could not be considered, until about January 15 when, the chairman returns. . The Truman proposition thus ; did not change votes or arouse supporting sentiment, His basio " between-the-llnes Ides plainly -"was that Russia has not Joined ; wholeheartedly in the peace, Is " the only competitive world military mili-tary power to ns, has announced ' 'plans for a youth draft of her ' i own and we should do likewise . CHINA gaining conferences h t aim 51 ilN0iN0 I SMMHMM "WW" 'Unlon have already beeit SCIENTIFIC TRAINED MEN ' 1 INSTEAD OF BIO ARMED FORCE This unspoken part of the presen- , , tation was the most impressive. The 1 ; written argument of the President cannot hold analytical water. . .'-(, He says, for instance, he wants a ' : small army and navy, a big national guard and a youth draft for re- Serves. His defense tnen would rest entirely on how big and good ho made the national euard. because he admits the drafted youth would only , 4. ..l:t..-f -'.'.--I. I. -i .l.t nave pasie irHuuiig nui wu oyctiav - zed training essential for modem war. ' He claimed the rockets and atom tombs have robbed us of time to prepare in the future. But "be said n. Brlen McMahon, Connecticu locrat freshman member of tin . I... l.u U Jl .kilt UlSlied tOWara negOUatin Of the senate's 11-man specie i th9 army and navy could not use ., ... Jmittee to bandie u icgisiauor periOrmS IIS SUlLUWry Oho control and use of atomu . jl-rn. Final control rests with hit miwuNOggi Tjroducers are cntitLmiltee. on each product a .prod shoesNeeded flP1k almna smsisii sliASi VrtSSi ipaa fsL;, Involving almost a million central goverjeHOd, established DY troops, ngnung tor coniroi oi lomo ix ft the Kaifeng section; (2) Fnchow, where Paotow Shansi; (4) Tsinan, rail center; a Is spreading. W V ETV li v, 'J - tt if- 'tffij ' 1 eel industry do not nec 170lh Marine Anniversary The V. S. marines on November 10 celebrate cele-brate their KOth anniversary. an-niversary. Since 1775 theleathcrneckshave fought In America's wars and carried the flag to every corner of the world. Photo shows two marines assisting a wounded leatherneck during fighting at Iwo Jlma Soon after landing the Fifth marlneshad the situation well In hand, as was trne In their Island from Island Is-land bops. Leading Army Air Aces Reunited jllIIJWWIJl''wl1 ..- The three "Big Gs" try to bit high C at a reunion held at Wright field. Shewn, left to right, are Capt. Don Gentile, Lt. Col. Francis 8. Gabreskl and Capt. John T. Godfrey. This trio of aces accounted for s German aircraft during World War II, a record placing them far ahead of any other American pilots In the Enropean theater. 4 pitMmnm waiM.iwswsry w-v sWisssj I it i u wi ff y i"' ' "" " ' ' '" IS One leg amputated, the other thick, ened by long months of shoelesi walking over rongb city streets, thii child of Naples and bis ragged companion com-panion are among the thousandi who will be aided by the Victor clothing collection overseas relief. Nobel Award Winnei &&!m)Bfltf!)tmm)0mnmMmm&mmwmMtmm : f ; ' i ' J ! i X l ' -' T i 4 - -v : I f, l if f' y V " ' ' Sir Alexander Fleming of Londoi university, whose discovery of the "wonder drag," penicillin, won foi him the Nobel prize for physlolog) and medicine for 1945. the youthful reserves until time was taken out to get an act of congress passed. By that time the, nation might be destroyed. He claimed our geographical' ocean defense had been de strayed (directed missiles would corns winging over the Icy fron- ( tier of the arctic to our Midwest), Mid-west), but bis plan would risk our defenses to "a small" army end navy, and national guard, , Which hardly sounds tike adequate ade-quate defense and Completely abandons attack possibilities which are often the best de tense ' Frankly, It seems to me Mr. Truman Tru-man was sold 'an obsolete youth draft system by the old-time crowd in the . war department, and bo dressed it up with his national guard enlargement idea, and presented it as sn answer for a job It will not do. From his own evidence, we will have to be ready to act faster than his plan would allow action. Then again be said "Universal military training is not conscription," conscrip-tion," assuming apparently that conscription con-scription applies only to direct service serv-ice in the army and navy. Conscription means "enlisted by compulsion" for anything, whether civilian service, youth camps or the Democratic party. It Is the Russian Rus-sian way, the Communist way, the old Prussian way and the objection that will unquestionably sway congress con-gress against it Is that there are many democratic ways of doing the same job better. What we need for defense Is scientific army for this scientific scien-tific age. First there should be a single department of the armed forces with a co-equal air force to fight the very things which Mr. Truman envisaged. Fossilized ideas like youth drafts should be shoved out with the fossils, fos-sils, and a new enlightened spirit generated throughout our defense system. This armed force should not be "small" or "large" but enough. By the youth draft, the armed forces would only give basic train-nig train-nig to a little more man 1,000,000 youngsters a year, taking them from their homes, their lives, the development devel-opment of their talents and delaying their economic contributions as workers in the nation by a year. For those who do not go to school, the national guard development Is logical. They can get basic and specialized spe-cialized training at nights, on weekends, week-ends, hi summer maneuvers without quitting their jobs, lives, and families. fami-lies. But they should be furnished the best officers, with war training, and the latest equipment so they will know how to use ft Their aviation branch should not be flying club, but a combat service. These two steps would cover the entire youth of the country with trulr democratic kind of compulsion.