|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Article Title||"Accompanying Documents."|
There is probably bo subject whka presents so interesting a field for refection, re-fection, as the study of taeekaretr of our huBianrfellOwsT I ? Tlio course pursiiedrby an indivfMal who calls hiaeelf M Amtt&ttii&i hai lafjally :er hj 1rirt t Mcid adopted the name of Joai jfloyd, attracts saOre isaaaediately oar preee&t aHentioa to 'the proper stadyf afsakM," It u sot oat:, iatenioa.to di9s the Itnerite of the varki epiaioss aaeaaad by Mh-yioyd aiace kis inttayatiW k the Great Cabiaet. , , '.. a It treuldibfi'laiprAper, pha4,.for tw, to say AmU U awaked, powers ffich. i,wt ejoag:,,to. iia?ii'fYet, akhogU we sake1 a great prHtiona td eraditibii la' military science apd array regulation, we .ebald aotiorego ta pWaaare' o iRquiring; who. or what is the'Becretary of War?' , Oiir ,i.rat japr&saiona (wiiict are sol-dom sol-dom wroBg),Bay. i! this ease be pre-matarje. pre-matarje. Yet, W had an idea that Mr, py.A glanced into a false mirror, and xnis&oVluiniselfjfor soatebody else. , We-irere underf thfe impreesion, the. President being commaitder-rin-cliieF, taat. the Secretary, of iVVrar was sirnpiy what hie' title deaotes, Otf this poUtlt we; are taistaken, wo, wp'uld bo thanlcful for :correction. . ''e bavo exaniiaed the lawsj! have perused the statutes of our owtf Opngressj we bave. inqufred,ol those, who' liave; knowri the routine of European disoiplinoj tand what is, the unvarying answer? Th5 SEdRBTAsropWAR,, with, all ins pro- 1 tensions andnonsewieis a simpie war clork. .True, we may lave imbibed 1 etrango notions' from foreign' lands, 1 !ut we are,; on estpol. of .cor. ! 'rcctioa.. If Jtha. . Searetary-of Wir is, in reality; the comraaBdw-TntcKief of 1 tbe 4y we are, slightly in dgf ault. ! Qf course, allowances are made in the1 passing, periods1 b our 'history wheroin hisrname way hay been introduced intro-duced as one of the loading actors in the grieat national theatricals.. Professionally and etiquettjcally we had but littlo ,t stakci for. e are, but careless as to, the fashionable riotiobs efi the froridV Had We. been in' the: situr itfop, of sornp Jearied anoj, epauletted gentlemen, and, cared anything1 for bur position, we would ' have, reijpectf ully , invitedJMr'.',Ioyd t,o adopi Mpraqnjsm for. a whUe,.and tomindjKs wn.bust-nessi wn.bust-nessi 4 . As- the 'matter rests, "we have simpiyto suggest j to vthe ' gentleman frbni Virginia tfiat; ho Jacks, sufficient stamina , to arry. iiis' politicalburthcn, ; Tho' laws'.of jhis 'country1 provided a commandirig'officor for its' own. Army; and,.proyided. it at thosame time with a; :. clerk: jMr4 Floydiriistoofe his calling, ; and dreamed' thit he .was Commander instead, of Secretary, Whafa doligiit-1' doligiit-1' ful lessqn a man With a head and heart could Kayo found,' th'o opportunity ' teaphing him, ,3ut heroiis in biittib ; often. turn but-miscVcantip in the tur- inoij of civil strife: c ' yfoi, wo;havo. no dispqauSoa toon iter ; into tho technicalrtactfoian list with this ; swordrbedecked politician The'sug-Mtion The'sug-Mtion ' intended is (Basily raade:-holding, raade:-holding, the commission, of. a respectable, officer- ought tti' scorn Unjust arid improper interference; 1 p 'erta&lyao-. b.t jack men- of tto ;right highitpne in -our Army. Those tjhb'holdcoinmiissipns are sujeely n$wi). bngtb, submit; to any:kind'of treatment; Buf if boj if 'the Seisretary. can direct tholVesident,, atidJeVd .thV, wy of) the.nation.arpund Uiejwprld vat! his plejasure, we ,would ,decline,tho.-respon-stbility of being this sole inlerfcrers. The rjeportr yhat. an' interesting item! Whata fund o Lin formation, and how profound the rcaffonirig! 5 Thb ohemories of T the past have surely glared tho lustro of his eyes, and ho now calls for other inspiration The i t 'I'"!"', TV I' r.J"" V." 17yK---,i-T:,r '-f.,flir-!tJ!?i ptiost tthbaAMa-Ure aiM t shades ?f this orange a lisaf A man hick to tha bmm-gfitif bmm-gfitif ehildhood; aad why shW we. Straws, away?1 1 1 TW reat and e)y business of Mr. ffoyitMM to have Wen to make Mor-BMBiSBi, Mor-BMBiSBi, or aaything else, the acdiuta whesee to draw the tick proceeds of ctra:to, .aad H matters little to him fwW are the suibrers. Yet it wbaTcTDo dangerous to say so in plafji fcriiw! lt(weali W constra6; tive treason," and, as a matter of epurse, we ought, to dread the issuet Sat we are; .a. little inclined to the heceie, aad theissae saight place as ia the ranks of heroes. Should this bo the ultimatum, what great' fellows, we would beeosae. Wo forego the pleasure aaki place rjurselves In aa attitude to jreceiY.e,the public verdict,) without the, aid of' a jury, aad apofa the coasoiea-tious coasoiea-tious di'ctam of honest' men; 3Po the text? 'A menacingi force towards a conquered asd sullen people." The expreesion is somewhat novel. 'With, all our learning we are soniewhat in the dark coacemiag its meaning. OoBqueredl We do toot uriierstahd the expression, tye.haye some alight.re-meabranQes alight.re-meabranQes of Echo,'' and from thesi have tried to cull an idca.'or two of victory and Conquest.; .. Wq do Jjjt now Call up tho recollection of a .siugle defeatj, nor' a passage fin 'bar; jtistory that recalls the membry 6f kullchness ,br despair. 'Thearche and cpuntcr-marches cpuntcr-marches on Ham's Fork may be the memoranda Of scenes worth reme'mberi ing. Thesmolderipg relics of desolated settlements and the et-.ceteras coaaec-ted coaaec-ted therewith may f orm the prologue of big reports. But where )s the history an(l. where thoblopd? . ' v '.!''" TKo snos of winterhad c6ncen6-a-tod thW fury n their 'uijal piacea of deposit; , Who were tho. 'aggressors and Whd;the .ietiTns? '.Wotbok an Active part 'W aI, thoso piattcra and; were prepared pre-pared to abide the direst . Usuef that might baye bebn fbrccd up'on;ust,ririSuU lchnoss anbt,; defeat'. .Nbr .Victory Biiautto, Wttoyot Mood-stained tb' trophies, must have been our share. Upon, this matter theb can P no rational equivocation; 'Jno facts of the whole affair are yet fresh in our memory and tell' their own story to. the wprld. . , ' , But what on earth does the great Secretary want? Already has he earned' the reputaitiori,, and,'.it is said, appropriatedthe" proceeds of "a syowd financial- politician; :With;pno' eye glancing, at 'thb; federal treasury, and 'the, other, onf" his;: pvn ,;ashb hp has been certainly top, shrewd- to sacrifice hfy individual Interests' on thb-shrino of, patribtlsm; ; v, Mr... fjoydjs .tirade, against. Mormon-isHi Mormon-isHi may bo-.classed..nvith the long exploded ex-ploded slanders -wliioh merit bo answer. I'he old cry of Treason; the loud halloo jit Hxbxujon; and . the bug-bear of Ra. yowjTioii;-b.ave,all passed away among tho things that were, and are forgotten as- the soulless shadows' of the dark 'hlghl in thopast,! 1H , "" , The Expeditibn to Utah has fulQIIed ita intended mission. . Public-beggary' with ,its variety of aliases, had staked Its ' al upon; the' issuoand themajority jiave come ,out, winners; ."The treasury has been.pliindored; the nation has, been hiimbugged; a tfew individuals haves filled their pocketi; arid "'the' world warn on. as usual. , , But after alii tftah has, not beon much the .loser 'Termsatid.vtiiles are of little moment. The 4und of conquest and its substantial tropwes are slightly distinct. jUtah )Was.invadd; she. bears the stigma of defeat; (according to some notions,) et ste has gpbd reasons to adopt, the song ;$f triiimb. Victorious- or vanquished, the gains belong tp Utah. The dry goods and groceries' that, attache4 the army have found hero their place of final deposit; and. after all, the Territory is made wealthy weal-thy by the spoils, Daft's Ham, TDe ouktatneeu corps had a "turn out" on last Tuesday Tues-day evening, and we, of course, at-.tended. at-.tended. . It was an. assemblage of the "bovs,"" and we had the audacity to i t aaaaaaaaaaKaalBii! ; iacludoi-1rsfriai ii ;'thiJ Matbg! Much. few hee'fiaid about 'hills ad ' tlteir wanwdlas; iaineii'io Veamoftg ke asraW dt tlww tko ebndBMd wk4)esala;W stww, lalb and mosayagea af our friend on Xaat Temple 9, and were aearly ready to damn them all as usual! But wo must, as honesty k oar motto, confess that, amidst; alt tho surroundings of convivial "society, we havu nbt yet foaad in Utah a place where' better order was preserved, the strict discipline of society more criti&fly guarded,, and everything conducted oa more proper atad moral principled than at the Inde-pendence Inde-pendence Hall., , Ti Naw CHARta.By the authority of the Governor aad; thb Legislature wo publish jk our present issue a carefully revised copy of the new charter for this city. iAt best, charters are dry aad. uaaaaasing reading; but as they affect every citizen, more or less, we invite early atteatioa to the document. A, New Purchase. It affords as sincere sin-cere pleasure to call the atteatioa of our friends to the advertisement of our friend TifoiiASbx; Wo had the pleasure, of calling upoa him, the other day and in specliag hiaassortmeat.; He has oa hand aa excellent variety, aad haa made his purchases;at"Tatesl thit' insure bargains to his patrons. We do' not for .a moment licsitatejto recommend our. friends ,'tq give Mr'Box'-'W-calKi. 1-'"; .'C'""v '. ' ' H ' ! . ' f ( i f . t. ' : ;.r-"rr:.. i -r-r . 1V . ' - i viVX&H. " r . " Vow the Sictftary of M'ar J?arf.j, Affairs ih the Territory of Utah rer aia -very 'much 'as at the date pf-m last annual Teporti The army is1 ftfactiye, And stands la the 'ittitUde bt a, mehaci tng force towards a conquered and sullen people. , Tana satisfied that' 'thb presef-. vation of rights and justice through means, of any jurisprudence known or recogniaed by. the, pCopW: of the United SUtes", is impossible in -that :Territoryy It is; govern d practically, by! a system Whichjs in 'tbtal . disregard 6f th'p lawd'bf constitution ' of the land. rA The "laws' of tho Mbrnjbri church and Jhe will of the hierarchy'ary.iUone potential tHerey ,;Be-yond ,;Be-yond a mere' outward show', of acquies-eence acquies-eence inr federal , authority, they are as There is, in the present attitude" of affairs, scarcely any necessity for the farefehtef of troops id; Utah, and they will be otherwise disposed of in the condrng season'. There are no complaints of Indian In-dian hostilities towards the Mormon peopled peo-pled Alt other territories and people upo"n.our-vast frontiers suffer-frbra In-dtaa In-dtaa depr'edaiionsVbut the" Mormon peo pie enjoy an immunity from all their outrages, .For tho protection: of . these people; against Indians there is hb iieies-m iieies-m 7 fL Wnch ora'single soldier; Murdeniand robberies of the most atro-cicuS atro-cicuS character have been perpetrafedlh thplerntoryiipon emigrhftta from the: States'-Jpurneying towards 'the Pacific, and -in'. some olihumdsthbckihg, instant: ces by: white "men disguised 'as Iridiahst qhe general Impression, so far-ns I have been? able. to. ascertain It, amongst' those haying--, opportunity ' to 'know,'' is ,'that these murders are the work of thb ilbr-mpri ilbr-mpri people; 'themselv'es'sattcUorie'dif not directed, by the 'authbrity of the Mormbn chiirch. I oanhbt commend 'in terms to higli the wise pruJencb and offic'er-like" con-duct'of con-duct'of tho General commnndiiiir the army m? Utah,"' The,Jdisbipline Sf his command'is admirable, and iu efficiency s unsurpassed "Much bus' been' dope through the army under, cbmhiand of General. Johnston, towards .Improvine the roads in Utah; and to glvb to thl pubho a fuller knowledgb'of the condition anoVresources'of the Territory. Captain J. H.fSimps6n'4 bfthb tdpogTaphicaf engineers, en-gineers, has, dprlng;lhe past Reason, 'ex- ored and opened two neV routes from amPiFloyd 'toCalifbrnia, either of .which! is about' 250 miles shorter thnh Sfnirahrbutb by thVway of thb Humboldt river and fnr better for crass, wood and water. Qvtr bbth these routes he pondiictod a parly of sixty-five men and a train of toarteen wagons, and since his return to Camp FJpyd; many -emigrants with large fcerds ofbattjb rhavb " passed over the route by wbich he .returned, which is the better of the two. , Itineraribs for both have been fprnish'ed to' the public nrougb the press in California and Utah. The saying in time of " travel by these T e-n'rnnt tor1 California is aboutfiftecn days and for the maiis about four, The saving, fa stock and draught .cattle on these routes over those' formerly form-erly travelled, 'owing to the 'pure,; water and abundant grass,1 is estimated ' at twentyifiye' per; cent.'" Captain Simpson hasr,afso,.uhdcr'the instructions, of GenV eraV Johnston, found a new , wagon 'road pass'frbm ' the valley of the' Great Salt Lake, by'thb way- of the" Timpanngos rlyer vauey'and Des Chesney'a fork, of the Uinta river. Into the valley of Green rivor, which wilHliorten 'he route pur sued by Colonel Loring from Camp Floyd to' Santa Fe probably as m as eWrhty l!es; and should a practicawe, MM'fc mund through the Rocky Mowi ulM.br the way of White river, thwugk tke midle part between the hcadiwAlem, of the Arkansas and the cache la Peudre, a tributary bf thb Platte, a wagoa road will be obtained through the Pike's Peak ' gold rcgioa, which wfll be considerably shorter to the Stales than any we now hayp. , From the land Commissioner's JitporLy la Utah the surveying operations Jhave beca siwpcndcd since the, Spring of 1857. The la'to'suryeyor-Gcneral abruptly left the country, and- his functions were, terminated 3Qth, September, 1857 Con siderable time haying elapsed since comparative com-parative quiet has been, restored, in thb Territory, it was deemed proper by thp Executive to resume there the, surveying organisiiMoa. Accordingly, in May lsist Cbl Samuel C, Stambaugh was appoint-, ed tho Surveyor-General, and left, for Great SaltXako City oa the fad. August l.asttf , .. Before leavkg, he. was furnished With the necessary instructions for hi? government govern-ment in the discharge of his , duties. Among other requirements; he was di rected to receive the, archives from the Governor whose care they had, been committed bythis office: to collect furniture furni-ture and other property belonging to the Surveyor-General's Offico at Salt Lakb City, and. reorganize the office for future service, As,it was ascertained that the surveys pf the public, lands in Utah had been extended further than there bad been, any actual demand, the l Surveyor .General was ;ins'tructed,' after reorganizing reorganiz-ing his office, to dispatch' into the field faithful' and '.competent examiners, 'to, ascertain thb truth-tor 'falsity of 'certain allegations ' against the correctness of formqr surveys,, and, report, the result' Wb have not, at this time such data, as will Justify us in recommending additional, addi-tional, surveys within any .given, time in i the Territory, but. in order to open the Way for immigration and settlement, it is recommended that tho Territory be or- an1zed into a land district, and that tho enufits of. the preemption laws bo . extended, ex-tended, oyer it; A,seini -oDScial commur Snicatibn of; llib 2'ath 'Septemb'eri "aridJaa official, communication, of tlio Gth ;Octoj 'ber, 1869, from Surveypr-Gencrai Stam. Kaughv at"3retaIt'';,L'ake4 City -having reached this o'ffice.jwere laid before .you, under(dato. of"Nbv.';7," i.85a."Tfie former was written ibreo(days after liis arrival at his destihatibnj. 'j They'show that" all Iheofficialjarchives. Jri' Ao possession of Gov. 'Cumminghad' been deliycredover tb-.thei QuryeyorlGeneraliand be was proc eedingiwith thb reorganization 'of the braeer-T!;- ( v ,:.:; ' '; " 7 ! '' , '15 :' fit Jtrpmtfte Iiulian Commistiioner't' Report. A i ' -r. '"i. The" reports of the condition ofthelh'-djans ofthelh'-djans in Utah-present ' melanchbly picture,. The whites are in .possession of most of the' little comparatively' good country there is, and the garnet has be come so scarcejas no longer to afford the Indians adequate - subsistence. They are'bftetf reduced-to "the grpatest straits, particularly In?- the winter, nwhich' ?is sevtre inihat;regton,'and when ,tt is' nb uncommon tbing.for them' to perikh'.bf cold' jmd.huDger;..Eyeri. "at" other, seasons number bfthem, are compelled to sustain life"' by using fprJfdpd.ireptileS', insects; grass seed.andrboU &yeratfarms have eeU opened fpr thieirbenefit in "different localitiesandmahy: bf. them haye mani feated a disposition' to aid in' 'their' cultivation", culti-vation", tbW fuWortunatry,; mbsii of the crops1 were'thU vear'tdestred by "the grasshoppers, .and other insects. JjSny of the numbrous' depredations upon the emigrantsjiave'doubtless been committed by theinjin consequence of their destitutb and desperate condition. They have 'at timc8been compelled5 to either' steal or starve.' Bul' there 'Is' reason to bo ap-preliended ap-preliended ,that," fa their forays, they have oftfn. been only tho tools of the lawless whites, residing fa the Territory'. In some of the worst outrages of this kind, involving" tho'lives'ay well as thoi brbpef ty'.pfour emigrants, the latter are known to( have parttcip'ated'. That this ! was the" case1 in the atrocious and' dreadful dread-ful mAssacrefat "Mountairi'Meaelow," fa September, i'57, tho faVtSj'stated in thV report of teSuperiateriUent, iiv "regard to1 thai bcchrrencbf leave po ro'om for doubt, j The lives of from 1 l5(to J 120 peaceable emigrants, of all ngls and both sexes. Were inhumanly and brutally sacrificed on that occasion, some young children only beingspared. These bhildreri, 17 1 in number, were afterward, under instructions in-structions from the Department, found, arid taken possession of by the Superintendent; Superin-tendent; and Congress havlngniadb an appropriation fp defray : ' the expehsej 15 pf them have been brought back and restored re-stored tb; their,' relatives Jn ;Arkahsas-The ;Arkahsas-The remaining two We pow probably; on their way fav -,-'f; ';'r "',l 1 The prbsehcb Jot Hha military ;lntlie' Territoryduring the, last two yetirl has' doubtless tendered materially to check' these ouWgesr'yet" they 'sHlf and will 1 continue to occur so lbng!as'thb admihis-1 tration 01 the criminal laws shall depend' in any degree upon the fanatical and vengeful people who comprise the popu-1 latioa of the Territory,, who contemn and disregard our laws, and 'ire therefore, practically, fa a stale of rebellion, and yet whom the presence Of the army is absolutely enriching; until some means 3fw I prempt ? fMttme of t4 , peatraS rime, it will. he JaMsHK aTuZT Mm emigraM rm bekg mardmsk y peered W the kwlea whites aad ladiaaa, ad I kaow'af smm H would he effeetaa) for thnlZ but declarirs marimt law, tifjJ&Z the idrnkistrntioa f affairs :t4raMvi. H the hands of the mifitary. UiK'