|Provo Sunday Herald
|No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)
|Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah
|Provo Sunday Herald
' ' a f i TEMPERATURES rav M SPortUa .. M 44 Salt Lake . S4 Butt H 04a .... IS J I YellowitOM 4S tt Lagan if... IS JlDav.r . .. M ii St. O.r. SS IChlease . . . I.at V.fa ! i Duluth . . . SJ 47 Fhesalx , 11 New York 4; Lm AmtlM II (Miami . . St IT -Saa Fran. . II 44 N. Ortsaas IS PARTLY.CLOUDY Today. High Sunday, at PROVO. UTAri COUNTY. UTAH. SUNDAY, OCTOBER 31. , 1948 VOL. 26. NO. 22 PRICE FIVE CENTS mm DFDQ irv- .. win iteto Cainnipnip) iRivals Slug. It ." i 1 a In) , m ' , -. ' ; - 1 i Weatter, Grid Victory Combine For Perfect 'Y Homecoming Event A perfect day, a perfect gridiron victory, perhaps the best college parade ever seen in Provo it all added up to a perfect Homecoming celebration for Brigham Young university uni-versity Saturday. .First event "of the day the Homecoming parade set a tempo of quality that prevailed throughout the rest of the celebration. Forty-one floats and several miscellaneous units marked it an event pronounced by many as the best 'Y Utah Man's 'Candychute' Idea Praised - - . WASHINGTON, Oct. 30 (U.R The air force said today that "Operation LtUe Vittles" the dropping' of handkerchief parachutes para-chutes laden with candy bars to Berlin children has grown to 1,500 "candychutes" a cjay. It said thousands of Americans have sent candy and handkerchiefs handker-chiefs to 1st Lt. Gail S. Halversen of Garland, Utah, the air ' transport trans-port pilot who thought up the novel good-will gesture. The idea came to Halversen one day as he was flying his big transport plane into blockaded Berlin. Looking down at the ruined city, he saw the upturned faces of scores of children. He decided then to drop them candy bars on handkerchief parachutes. Americans soon began showering shower-ing Halversen with candy and handkerchiefs to. enable him to drop more. Other pilots and crews flying food and supplies into Berlin followed, fol-lowed, his example. German children chil-dren In the vicinity of the Rhein-main Rhein-main air base volunteered to help make the tiny parachutes. Halversen has received numerous numer-ous letters of thanks from children. chil-dren. Hans Loewy, 14, wrote that he was playing in some ruins when suddenly he saw 10 parachutes in the sky. One landed on a nearby roof and he got it. "I want to thank you for your love to the German kids," he wrote. - Liselotte Muller wrote: "I don't know what to do for joy." Halversen has a secertary to handle his mail now. One letter from a German woman said the parachuted candy arrived just in time to save her son from going without a birthday gift He was one of seven children. Curfew Placed On Stuttgart STUTTGART, Oct. 30 (U.W Charles LaFollette, American military governor, imposed a seven-hour curfew on Stuttgart Saturday Sat-urday as a result of a riot by trade unionists Thursday. JLaroueue decreed that no Stuttgart citizen can travel through the streets between 9 p.m. and 4 a.m. Open air meet ings of more than five persons were forbidden. Tne order will stay in effect, I iFollette said, until his agents determine the responsibility for injuries to members of the U. S. armed forces in the riot. Several soldiers were bruised or scratched scratch-ed when they joined forces with German police to put down the disturbance. MEDIATION ATTEMPT MADE IN KENNECOT STRIKE SALT LAKE CITY, Oct 30 (U.R Utah Industrial Commissioner Dan Edwards today made another anoth-er attempt to settle the week-old strike -at the Kennecott Copper Corporation. Edwards called a meeting for Wednesday with employers and officials of the striking Brotherhood Brother-hood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. News Highlights In Central Utah - "i.n"iiin,iiip,riiiiini r n rmi Orera Chamber Of Commerce Picks New Officers .S Scout Council Picks Finance H-sd, Formulate Alms S Si ringVille Launches "Buy At Home" Shopping Campaign .3 BYU Student Poll Picks Dewey By 2 to 1 .....4 Springvllle Crash Victim Improves . . . Polling Places Listed. Herald To Continue Vote Service .is I Homecoming parade in the scttool's history. A 26-20 victory over Montana university, highlight of the entire day, providing a fitting victory mood for the celebrations thai followed throughout the afternoon and evening. Crowning of lovely Carol Pitcher, Homecoming queen, by President Howard S. McDonald, Mc-Donald, was. a highlight of the half-time activities at the football game. The alumni reception In the Joseph Smith building before the gamepfovided an opportunity for hundreds of old graduates to meet present heads of the school and renew old acquaintances. A group of six tropic beauties and an equal number of tanned Hawaiian men captured top honors hon-ors in the Homecoming parade by presenting the best float of the day in the beauty division, while girls representing the Iona house walked away with the humor division prize. Amid imported lotus blossoms from their ' native land the &2 Hawaiian's sang and danced during dur-ing the entire parade. They featured fea-tured the theme, "Lovely Hawaii," set on an arching backdrop. v Hie Iona he use float humorously portrayed college life in the dormitories, and completed the task so well that they walked off with a $20 humor prise. The Hawaiian Ha-waiian float was awarded plaque and a $30 prize.' Other floats winning honorable mention were by the Nautilus, Viking, Cesta Tie, Associated Mens' Students, KBYU, and Tau-sig Tau-sig groups. A total of 41 floats participated in the morning event. The procesison was headed by a huge 'Y carried on the shoulders of eight coeds. They were follow ed by the university s band. Highlight High-light of the lead marching groups, which included the YC's and Cou- garettes, was the preformance of the three beautiful band major ettes, the Call sisters of Las Vegas. Twirling their batons to expert accuracy and timing, they drew large applause from the crowd which lined the side of Center street from Fourth West to University avenue and north on the avenue to Fifth North. A highlight of the day's celebration was the reception for alumni members held after the parade In- the foyer of the Joseph: Smith building. President Howard S. McDonald McDon-ald greeted the guests. He was assisted by President Clyde W. Sandgren of BYU Alumni association; Dr. Harold Har-old Glen Clark, executive . secretary, and other officers (Continued on page Thirteen) Herald Officb Open 3 to 5 The Daily Herald business office will be open today from 3 to 5 p.m. for the accommodation ac-commodation of those who desire to place political advertising ad-vertising in the Monday issue is-sue of the paper. It will be impossible to handle any political po-litical advertising for Monday's Mon-day's paper after the office closes tonight. Sign of Trouble in . This slogan, "No War for Dolars," daubed a brick wall during the night, greeted Southampton, England, cltisens going to work the next day. Similar slogans, believed Communist-Inspired, were shown and shouted during a recent army recruiting drive in London. Revolt Leader ' C t - M t I -s? - " f , J" General Manuel Orlda (above). former cabinet minister and member of the Peruvian General Gen-eral Staff, Is reported by the Arequipa radio to be commander command-er of a new revolution in southern Peru. Peru Capital Hails Leader Of Revolution LIMA, Peru, Oct. 30 (U.R) Gen. Manuel Odriafieeder of the right wing revolution which has taken control of Peru, arrived in the capital city today and was given a hero's welcome. Escorted by eight war planes, Odria flew from Arequipa, in southern Peru, where on Wednesday Wed-nesday he began a revolt .that within 48 hours and without fir ing a shot seized the government of 8,000,000 people. His plan landed at 4:25 p. m. (EOT) in Limatamgo airpprt, from which a large parade moved towrjlsjfcttie presidential palace along a route brilliant with red and white Peruvian flags and bunting. ' . (Almost simultaneously, former form-er President Jose Luis Busta-mante, Busta-mante, deposed last night by the revolution, arrived in Buenos Aires, a political exile. (Bustamante told reporters in the Argentine capital that he had not resigned and , that he left Peru only after arriving at an understanding with the provisional provis-ional revolutionary junta. (The ousted president said he would make a complete , statement state-ment after "events have crystal-ized". crystal-ized". Earlier, he told reporters at Antofagasta, Chile, that the. success suc-cess of the uprising meant "a retrogression not only for Peru but for all of the Americans.) Before his arrival in Lima, Odria Od-ria announced from his head-quaters head-quaters that Peru was to be "reconstructed "re-constructed on a new basis" and vowed that the junta would remain re-main in power only long enough "to call an election and install a truly democratic government." He said, "party politics poison the heart of the people and sicken their minds," a statement that Was seen as an indication that political activity may be curbed under the new regime. REFUGEES ARRIVE IN UNITED STATES NEW YORK, x Oct. 30 (U.R) Wide-eyed and tremulous, ui3 men, women and children arrived today at the promised land they had yearned for during years of wandering over Europe. The travellers arrived aboard the U. S. army transport General Black, which left Bremerhaven, Germany, nine days ago. They were the first of 205,000 displaced Europeans who will reach haven in the United States in the next two years. FRENCH START COMMUNIST PURGE PARIS, Oct. 30 (U.R) The French government today , suspended sus-pended Raymond Tournemaine, Communist administrator of nationalized na-tionalized French ' railroads, in what reliable reports said was the start of a purge in the civil service and " armed forces. Britain - - . . . ... . .. , , , , . - United Nations Mi Israel To Halt Fighting Make Desperate Try Tp Save Palestine Truce From Utter Ruin PARIS, Oct. 30 (U.R) The United Nations, in a desperate effort to save its crumbling Palestine truce, cabled Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Sher-ton Sher-ton a personal appeal Saturday Satur-day night to call off the Jewish Jew-ish offensive on the northern front. A security council sub-commit tee, meantime, approved a reso lution calling for a study of possible pos-sible economic and diplomatic sanctions against Israel unless she gives up Beersheba and other newly-won territory in southern Palestine. UN truce headquarters in Haifa notified the security council that it had directed both Israeli and Arab forces to cease hostilities by noon GMT (8 a. m. EST). The Lebanese commander in the field replied that he would obey the order unless Jewish .forces "continue their attacks or do not cease fire within the lapse of a certain time. . The Jewish field commander, on the other hand, referred the order to his government for decision. de-cision. Faced with this delay, acting act-ing UN mediator. Dr. Ralph Bunche . personally appealed to Shertok by cable to accept the order. There was much confusion in UN headquarters here s to whether fighting actually had ceased at the cease-fire deadline. (Continued on Page Two) Israeli Army Seizes Arab Strongholds TEL AVIV. Israel. Oct. 30 (U.R) The Israeli army opened a maior air-land offensive in northern Palestine today, captured the Arab stronghold of Tarshina, and pressed press-ed on in defiance of a United Nations Na-tions cease-fire order. UN truce headquarters at Haifa confirmed the fall of Tarshina, 20 miles to the northeast, and reported re-ported that Sassa Al-M&Iakeih also was threatened by Jewish forces. Arab underground reports reaching UN headquarters said tank-led Jewish forces also had captured Safsaf, 10 miles east of Tarshina, but this could not be confirmed. ' Brig. Gn. William Riley, chief of staff of UN observers in the northern front at 4 p. m. (8 a. m. EST). But when UN truce headquarters headquar-ters closed at 10:30 p. m. (2:30 p. m. EST) there still had been no reply from the Israeli government. govern-ment. Reports filtering in from isolated UN field posts said the Jews still were maintaining pressure pres-sure against the Arab lines. Most observers had withdrawn to Tiberias, some miles south of the fighting front, or to Beirut, Lebanon, Leb-anon, however. Both Arabs and Jews were re ported moving up reinforcements. Lebanon was said to have replied re-plied to the cease-fire ordet with an ffer to comply if the Jews did. Some Lebanese troops were involved, although most of the Arabs were irregulars. However, Haifa said the Israeli chief of staff replied that he had referred the matter to his gov eminent. No further word has been received from him, UN head quarters reported. UN observers reported that Israel Is-rael unleashed its offensive with the auDDort of tanks and ulanes last midnight. Headquarters at Haifa ordered its observers out of the danger zones and flashed word to Paris that fighting was on a grant! scale. How States Voted 1 Democratic Map shows how states voted Box gives the popular vote for E. Dewey and, in parentheses, 1948 Campaign Believed To Be Costliest In U. S. History WASHINGTON, Oct. 30 (U.R) The 1948 political campaign ended end-ed Saturday night with every indication in-dication that it will be the costliest cost-liest in the nation's history. Democrats and Republicans have spent hundreds of thousands Army to Go On 'Peace or War' Basis NpllS WASHINGTON, Oct. 30 (U.R The army will go on a "peace or war" looting Nov. IS with a top- level reorganization, Secretary Kenneth i C, Royal! announced Saturday. ,. Royall said the changes will put the 'aYffryvUkj astatua aboutmid-way aboutmid-way between the" fighting organ ization of World War II and the peacetime setup which has been in effect since mid-1948. An army spokesman said the order does not mean that military mili-tary chieftains feel war is near, but merely reflects their desire for full preparedness in the event of an emergency. In a speech at Richmond, Va., last night, Royall said he doe not believe war is imminent. But he added that "certainly no one is so naive as to believe that war is not a possibility." Under the new setup. Gen. J. Lawton Collins, one of the leaders lead-ers in the "D"- day landings on the Normandy beachhead, move. into a new Job as vice-chief of staff. ' Royall said his move is aimed at freeing Chief of Staff Gen. Omar N. Bradley for important duties on the Joint chiefs of staff and for supervision of the army's current expansion program. It will also enable him to make field inspections at home and overseas. The reorganization creates two more important top-level - posts. They are. Deputy chief of staff for plans and operations given to Lt. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer and deputy chief of ; staff for administration. The laRer job goes to Lt. Gen. Wade H. Haislip. Defense Pact Expansion e Is Planned WASHINGTON, Oct. 30 (U.R The seven nations planning a North Atlantic defense pact intend in-tend to expand the alliance to cope with aggressiorK affecting their security in any corner of the world, western diplomatic sources disclosed today. Planners reported that the al liance envisaged by the United States, Canada, Britain, Trance, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands will cover attacks on their territories and possessions possess-ions anywhere on the globe 'as well as their national boundaries. Moreover, according to present plans, it would provide for pos sible joint measures to check ag gression at any point if it might jeopardize world peace. Detailed planning of the his toric peacetime defense union. aimed primarily at checking communism com-munism will progress rapidly as soon as the state and defense departments de-partments , consult with the next president- after . Tuesday's ; election. elec-tion. . Preliminary " work on the project virtually has halted pending pend-ing the presidential-review which will . determine largely the tex-tent tex-tent of American participation and cooperation. American officials expect that the United States will enter into the program as a signatory to a North Atlantic treaty, and provide pro-vide supplemental arms to west ern. European nations until. their defenses are strong enough to halt aggression from any quarter. in 1944 V , I RooMwltw25,M2,505 (432) J Vi , , I Dewey-22,006,271 (W) In the 1944 presidential election. Franklin D. Roosevelt and Thomas the electoral college vote. of dollars. Completing the picture, pic-ture, Henry A. Wallace's Progressive Progres-sive party, the States, Rights Democrats, labor organizations and other political groups added to the huge total. All in all, it appeared that the spending total would be in the neighborhood of $25,000,000. About $23,000,000 reportedly was spent tn 1944, for the previous record. There Is no way of calculating exactly how much money has gone into the 1948 campaign. But official reports filed with the clerk of the house by the major political parties and organizations provided a barometer. The Republican national committee, com-mittee, the biggest spender, reported re-ported that up to Oct. 27 five day before the election it had spent $2,007,287. The Democratic national committee reported that it of the same date it had spent $1,874,760. ' Figures for both committees will be Increased considerably when all the bills are paid after the election. The two committees laid out $4,884,772 four years ago. compared with $3,682,047 already reported for this year. But expenditures of the two national commitees, while sizable,1 make up only a small part of the total. For example, in 1944 Re publican and Democratic state committees spent $11,293,898. Th?t figure is expected to be equalled or exceeded this year. In New York City alone, the United Republican finance com mittee for Metropolitan New York already has reported spending spend-ing $634,134. The Republican finance committee of Pennsylvania Pennsyl-vania reported expenditures of $937336. The AFL's political arm, called Labor's League for Political Education, Edu-cation, had spent $270,819 as of Oct. 28. The CIO's Political Action Committee Com-mittee reported expenditures of $448,832 through Oct. 27. Most of labor's money was going to aid Democratic candidates who promised prom-ised to fight for repeal of the Taft-Hartley labor law. The Progressive party and affiliated af-filiated organizations reported spending $1,101,260 as of mid-October. And the States Rights Democrats spent $96,542 up to Oct J 21. The minor political parties were on a spending spreetdo the Socialists reporting expenditures expendi-tures of $53,054,f the 'Socialist Workers party $19,675f and the communists $13,346. .Other minor parties too numerous to mention were scattering arDund such . cash as they could raise. The candidates themselves also were going .Strong on the spend ing. Candidates for the house reported re-ported Butting out more than $650r000; and those for the senate morethan $215,000. On top of all that, there were the thousands of candidates for such local offices as sheriff and county clerk. Constitutional Amendment, New Form Of 'Scratching' Figures In Election v Ballot scratehlng, in Tuesday's election under the law passed by the last state legislature will be a different procedure man lor-merly lor-merly encountered by Utah voters. " - Under the old system, if a voter wished td "scratch"! and vote for one or more candidates in an opposing op-posing party, rather than vfting a "straight- ticket, he was required re-quired to draw a line through the name of the candidate against whom he voted. This was in addition ad-dition to placing a cross by the name of the candidate who received re-ceived the scratchM .vote. 4 , Under the new law, this line-drawing line-drawing on a "scratch" vote ii (Continued ' on Page Two) Out On Relations Issue Truman Speaks in His Native Missouri; f I)ewey Concludes Campaign by Speaking in Madison Square Garden Saturday Night j By LYLE C. WILSON- United Press Staff Correspondent The two major party candidates last night ended a bitter presidential campaign before cheering thousands in St. Louis and New York.. President Truman spoke in his native state, Missouri, Gov. Thomas E. Dewey appeared in New York's Madison Square Garden. . They ended the great national debate by luggmg it out on the issue of foreign relations, which was supposed to be a . campaign untouchable until Palestine and tension in Berlin forced it up front. Last night's speeches were the final heroic efforts ef-forts of both men for the power, prestige and baffling problems of the presidency. Mr. Truman at 64 and Gov. Dewey at 46 equally came to the end of the campaign trail fresh, crisp, confident and well tailored. But odds heavily favor the younger young-er Dewey to win the presidency by a lop sided margin of electoral votes. Dewey concluded his campaign by reiterating his pledges to agriculture; agri-culture; labor, and on foreign policy. He told his Madison Square Garden audience that Mr. Truman had conducted "a goblins-will-get-you" campaign and reminded re-minded it that tomorrow night is Halloween. Mr. Truman concluded" his by asserting that the Republicans had tried a "propaganda blitz" to gain the White House and the bJ.tr had faileoVWe called their bluff he said. . "We - told - the people the truth. And the people' .are "with Ut.', . " ' T They came down the stretch battling it out for the favor of the populous northeast. Their paths weaved and crossed in the final days. Mr. .Truman got the crowds. He campaigned I : aw York City as though running for local office while millions stood and cheered. Gov. Dewey's crowds were big and boisterous but not up to Democratic numbers or sometimes their whoopee. Mr. Truman found bold confidence in that as the polls and expert opinion piled up against his chances. But the old timers remembered 1928 when the late Al Smith got the crowds and Herbert Hoover won the White House in a breeze. t Today a sabbath calm fell upon the hustings. Tomorrow there will be the traditional brief statements of the candidates for office great and small and the last minute of scurrying around. By. sun-up Tuesday the polls will be opening open-ing and the returns coming in Bitter though it has been, "there will be a loser-winner, handshake wnen u an is over. i On stage with the presidential candidates are the men and wo men running for the house' and the senate of the United States congress, for governor in 33 states, and for lesser offices literally un counted. Maine elected a senatof. governor and three members of the house in September. Louisiana elected a governor in April. At stake, on election day will be 32 seats in the senate of the 81st congress which will convene Jan. 3 and 432 seats in the house. The senate race may be he hottest of the election day card. As against general agreement that Gov. Dew ey will be elected president, there is no agreement on the senate other than it will be very close whether the Republicans or Democrats have control of that body next session. The Republicans Republi-cans stand to lose a handful of house seats, perhaps, but not enought to challenge their con trol of the house won in the con gressional elections of 1946. The Republicans won the sen (Continued on Page Two) - Utah county voters Tuesday will go to the polls not only to put into office national, state and county officials, but also to vote "yes" or "no" on a proposed amendment to the Utah state constitution. con-stitution. . . Placed at the bottom of the official of-ficial ballot, the amendment to Article 1. Section 13 of the con-J situation, "relates to prosecution by information or indictment and to grand Juries.' , If the; majority of the voting public put a cross in the "yes" square on the ballot . Article I would be amended to read, "The formation of the grand Jury and the powers and duties thereof (Continued on Pag Two) Foreign Wallace Pours It On Truman In Last Talk PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 30, U. Henry A. Wallace said Saturday Sat-urday night that President Truman's Tru-man's campaign set a new record for' "transparent hyprocrisy" in the "long and shoddy annual of politics." J- The Progressive party . presU J .1.1 11-.. , .. J . u Truman of "two-timing, double talk" that Is a "libel" on the American people. - Making his final major cam paign address before election day next Tuesday. Wallace said the -.U-.. 41 4U f U - utmuciu iiuw luvco uic iv he threatened with bayonets and condemns the "Taft-Hartley slave law the law he enforces so savagely." sav-agely." rn-" "The" president wfio refuied To sign an order ending segregation segrega-tion in the armed forces is the candidate now paying Up service to civil rights," Wallace told a party rally at the former Metropolitan Metro-politan opera house. Wallace said Mr. Truman's speeches were not the ' result of malice but of a "frantic effort to please the people while he is a candidate, to please Wall Street while he is president" "It should be clear to everyone now thct a wasted vote is a vole for Truman," Wallace said. "If . ou want reaction vote for Dew ey." - Appealing strongly for a large Progressive vote for peace and abundance, Wallace said his rivals riv-als campaigned on double-talk, "home and mother" and the glories glor-ies of the Grand Canyon' and Niagara Falls, But our chief accomplishment, Wallace said,, is that wt have given the American people a new standard of political morality and truth." "We' have spoken of specific issues, of 25-cent milk and dollar hamburger; of the speed-up and high prices, and of shrinking wages," Wallace said. "We have proposed to bretk the power of the trusts by government gov-ernment ownership and Wall Street banks, railroads and public pub-lic utilities," he added. The third party candidate said his campaign revealed that the people are determined at last to control history instead ol being its victims,' "to stop war now instead of being names on future casualty lists. TT I J I J nc sua new lueus were grow ing within the people and they were that war is hot an act of God, but of a few, men bent on profit and power, and that as men make war they ean also make7 peace. " .. U. S. United On Berlin Situation BERLIN, Oct. 30 U.R Dr. Philip C. Jessup, member of the American delegation to the United Unit-ed Nations, said Saturday that the United States will maintain its firm position in Berlin regard less of the outcome of the presidential presi-dential election. Jessup reaffirmed the Ameri can position shortly after Ger man Communists . followed up n i ca u i n . . rreiuwr ouiiin B denunciation , a the west by renewing their demand de-mand that all the western allies C1 VUIj v ici uii. - , He said the American people were firmly behind ihe oven. ment's declared , policy not to negotiate with ie 'Russianf un der- duress, 't-' " -;v "In its participation! the United Nations the United States hi a united nation,, Jessup said "The fact that we are having a . national election on Tuesday doei not alter tht fact"