|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Article Title||News Review of Current Events the World Over|
News Review of Current Events the World Over Italy Is Outlawed by League of Nations, Austria and Hungary Objecting Hauptmann's Death Sentence Upheld by Appeals Court. By EDWARD W. PICKARD Western Newspaper Union. OKCAUSK It was prosecuting an undeclared war on Ethiopia, Italy was condemned as a violator of the covenant of the League of Nations and virtu- s ally declared to be -j an outlaw against , w 1) i c h economic ? ': and tinancial sane- ; tions are to be ap- plied. That was V the decision of 52 A : members of the ' 5' league In a mem- jVsc ! onilde meeting of ; its assembly in ZZ Geneva. Three na- .11 , , , ,. Baron Alois! tions, Italy Itself and Austria and Hungary, refused to associate themselves with the assembly's action. The Austrian and Hungarian representatives already al-ready had announced that they wotdd not participate In any sanctions sanc-tions against Italy because of their political and economic relations with the Fascist government. If any of the nations concurring In the league's decision wishes to declare war on Italy, it now has the legal right to do so. The nature na-ture of the penalties to be Imposed and the manner of procedure was to be determined by a committee Including all members of the league council, except Italy, and all Italy's Ita-ly's neighbor nations except Austria and Hungary. The meeting of the assembly first heard an eloquent speceh on Italy's behalf by her chief delegate, Baron I'nmpol Alois!-. He charged that the league had been unfair, that it had used "two weights and two scales" in its work, that it had acted against Italy where It did not act against Japan in "the Manchurlan crisis, that it did not even consider Italy's complaints against Ethiopia. Ethio-pia. "Why not Japan?" he asked. "Why not Bolivia and Paraguay in the Chaco war? Why Italy?" Before the decision nation after nation registered its adherence to the league covenant. "1 shall make only a brief declaration," decla-ration," said Pierre Laval of France. "France will face her, obligations. ob-ligations. I said this before the council. I repeat it before the assembly. as-sembly. The covenant is our international inter-national law." "Action must now be taken," said Anthony Eden of Great Britain. "I declare the readiness of his majesty's majes-ty's government' to take full part in such action." Vladimir Potemkin of Russia announced an-nounced that his government was determined to fulfill Its obligations. Switzerland also emphasized its willingness to participate. "No other delegation has asked to speak," said President Benes quietly. qui-etly. "I Interpret the silence of all as Indicating the concurrence of their governments with the opinion of the members of the council. The assembly will place this on record." Austria and Hungary cannot of themsplves supply Mussolini with much in the way of raw materials for war; but there is the chance that he may receive, through those countries, materials from Germany if the neutrality proclaimed by Hitler Hit-ler does not prevpnt. Already the big packit.g companies of Brazil have suspended negotiations for the sale of 22.flDO tons of meat to rtaly, and Greece has stopped the shipment ship-ment of donkeys to the Italian armies. arm-ies. The economic sanctions also will put ai. end to much of Italy's export trado, as well as her Imports. MAKING good on his threats and promises, Benito Mussolini sent his armies crashing across the border of "th'.opia, starting a war prwoK. that gave all Ell- !' Av1, "5 "pe the iltter3- !'4nv Under the command I' ' "-V"- 1 of Gen. Emilio De I f-Fj Bono, cldef of the i. v n - Italian colonial nr- 5" thvtOi '4 mies, the Italian mosfy-fi troops laboriously , - vaj advanced from -x : ,5 Eritrea, crossing s - the Mareb river v Jr frontier and captur- ing Adigrat and Gon.DeBono nIier tmvng (hat hail already been practically ruined hy bombardment from planes. The Immediate objective was Aduwa, the scene of Hip terrific Italian defeat de-feat M'.l years ago. After several days of hard lighting against the defending Ethiopians, who lost inibably ''.()tl killed, the invaders marched into Aduwa. and consid ereil that the disgrr.ee of lSOfi had been avenged. The Italian soldiers of General Maravinga's command entered first, carrying to the principal prin-cipal square and there erecting a big stone monument Inscribed "To the fallen heroes of Aduwa." There was a report that Mussolini would fly to Aduwa to unveil this memorial. me-morial. Italy officially announced that all of Tigre province was In Italian hands, and at the same time her i columns were advancing into Ethiopia Ethio-pia from the south and east, with the city of Harrar and the country's one railway as their objective. Kecent reports from Addis Ababa said the Italian minister, whose departure de-parture had been requested by the emperor, anounced that the Italian forces In the north sector had occupied oc-cupied the holy city of Aksum, the ancient capital of the queen of Sheba. There was no resistance, and the Ethiopians saved their sacred sac-red relics. The kings of kings asked that other Italian legation officials depart de-part with the minister. The legation, lega-tion, he declared, had kept its radio ra-dio communications in use after being be-ing requested to desist. In Rome it was announced that Mussolini would retort by giving passports to the members of the Ethiopian legation and would launch a new drive toward Addis Ababa. Ethiopian cavalry made a daring dar-ing raid into Eritrea, killing some Italians and capturing others; but there was a report that a son-in-law of the emperor and another Ethiopian general lost their lives in this operation. UNANIMOUS decision of the New Jersey court of errors and appeals ap-peals is that Bruno Richard Haupt-mann Haupt-mann was given a fair trial on the vF!am charge of murder-i murder-i -A Ing Col. Charles U., LIBndberBh.g baby 4 ''j S0I) ' tll!1' COn" b' ' "j viction was in ac- . y 'iC cordance with the - I ' evidence ' and that ff1 his death sentence VxT v 'Aj nas legal. Every Jts&f ' ' '1 contention raised ' ( 1 by the defense was 2F, jLJ overruled. In Its opinion the court Bruno said: Hauptmann 0ur concuslon is that the verdict is not only not contrary to the weight of the evidence, evi-dence, but one to which the evidence evi-dence inescapably led. . . . From three different and, in the main, unrelated sources the proofs point unerringly to guilt viz: "(a) Possession and use of the ransome money. "(b) The handwriting of the ransome ran-some notes. "(c) The wood used in the construction con-struction of the ladder." Hauptmann's attorneys immediately immedi-ately began preparations for an appeal ap-peal to the Supreme Court of the United States. Their only way is to ask that tribunal for a review of the New Jersey court's action. To prevent the death sentence being be-ing carried out while such a petition peti-tion was pending in the Supreme court, It would be necessary to have a "stay" of execution" Issued by the New Jersey courts or by a justice of the United States Supreme court. If a review is denied the case will he closed and Hauptmann probably proba-bly will die In the electric chair late in November or early in December GREECE changed back from a republic re-public to a monarchy overnight in a bloodless coup d'etat engineered en-gineered by the royalists in the armed forces. Led by Gen. George Kondylls, the army officers demanded de-manded that Premier Tsaldaris immediately im-mediately proclaim restoration of the monarchy. He refused and resigned, re-signed, and a new government with Kondylls as premier took hold. This former minister of war then forced out President Zaimis, abolished the republican constitution, decreed the restoration, and was named regent by the national assembly pending the return of King George II, who was called back from exile. Though the change of form of government thus seemed completed, the assembly assem-bly directed that a plebiscite on the question be held November 3, and in London the Greek king's equerry said George would await the result of this vote. There is in Madrid a pretender to the Greek throne, Prince Eugene Lascnris. son of the late imperial Prince Manuel of Greece, who was exiled. Eugene declared his followers fol-lowers would "convert Greece into a river of blood" unless he is placed on the throne. QUITE Inadvertently, Secretary of the Navy Swanson revealed the fact that our government Is preparing pre-paring to take part in another naval conference in London within three months. Mr. Swanson, replying to some question at his press conference, confer-ence, said he would send Admiral William II. Standley, chief of operations, op-erations, to the London meeting as the navy's representative because of his good work at the last conversations conversa-tions on naval limitation. It is supposed sup-posed the naval powers will try to formulate a limitation program which would take the place of the treaties that are to be terminated January 1, 1037. HAMILTON FISH, JR., congressman congress-man from New York, is going to be a candidate for the Republican Republi-can Presidential nomination and will s, throw his hat Into IT' : tne rin about the , 4 middle of Decem- ber. He will enter . - J the primaries In . the western, mld- i5 "I western and south- $1. I ern states. 1 1 - r. S ilr. Fish has not 1 yet formally an-nounced an-nounced this inten- iJLaUii tion. but he told an Interviewer the oth-Rep. oth-Rep. F!sh er day tnflt ,f he were elected he would have a nonpartisan non-partisan cabinet that would Include the best brains in the country regardless re-gardless of political affiliations. He even went so far as to give out a long list of the men and women from which he would choose his cabinet members. For Instance, his secretary of state will .be either Senator Borah, Senator Hiram. Tolm-son, Tolm-son, Bainhridge Colby, John W. Davis Da-vis or Newton D. Baker. For secretary sec-retary of commerce he would have either Herbert Hoover or Frank Philips of Oklahoma. Senator Carter Car-ter Glass heads the list for secretary secre-tary of the treasury; Edward A. Hayes for secretary of war; R. B. Creager of Texas for postmaster general ; Judge Charles Lockwood of Brooklyn for attorney general ; AI Smith for secretary of labor; Frank O. Lowden for secretary of agriculture; Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., for secretary of the navy, and Former Vice President Charles Curtis Cur-tis for secretary of the interior. AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR opened its annual convention con-vention in Atlantic City with many problems up for discussion. In its report the executive council advocated advo-cated preservation of the national Constitution without amendment for the present, as best for industrial indus-trial recovery. It said : "That some control must be exerted over the former system of laissez faire cannot can-not be denied. "The experiment," the report added add-ed (NRA), "which has been concluded, con-cluded, has helped to point the way to the goal which we must seek. How Is congress to acquire that control over the industry and trade of our country which will make possible the necessary reforms? "Until exhaustive studies have been made with respect to attaining attain-ing this great objective, under our present Constitution, we cannot recommend rec-ommend just what steps should be taken In connection with this particular par-ticular problem." The report urged vigorous action to drive Reds out of the federation, and recommend the continuation of a strict labor boycott on German goods and services until the Nazis gave "adequate recognition and protection pro-tection to the rights of minority groups." The federation's determination to keep out the Communists was emphasized em-phasized by its action in refusing to seat E. M. Curry, president of the International Foundry Workers' union, because he was a Communist Commu-nist candidate for congress In Michigan three years ago. QUITE without ceremony, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes and the eight assocate justices of the Supreme Court of the United States took posses mzr- -rm sion of their new . x ten million dollar , home which on the k outside it resembles I J a Corinthian tem- f t pie. Everything in 4 the handsome build J" J ing was new ex- cept the nine chairs jf the eminent jurists occupy, and these f'j'O would have been . . . , . Chief Justice replaced f the . architects and dec- 3 orators had had their way. There was a big crowd present to see the justices open the first term of court in the palatial structure, but only a few spectators could get inside. The first business was the admission of more than 150 lawyers law-yers to practice before the court. Then the calendar was read. On this calendar are six cases which hold the fate of the New Deal. The most important of these is one which will determine the validity of the agricultural adjustment act. TWELVE persons met sudden death when an eastbound plane of the United Air Lines crashed about fifteen miles west of Cheyenne, Chey-enne, Wyo., In the early morning hours. The plane apparently struck the peak of a small hill and bounced, nose first, against the top of another an-other hill. Fire did not break out, but the Impact was fatal to the nine passengers, two pilot3 and stewardess. DOWN in Lower California aboard the cruiser Houston President Roosevelt called Secretary Secre-tary Ickes and WPA Administrator Harry Hopkins Into his cabin and studied the work situation on the basis of reports from Washington. After long consideration he formally for-mally approved $20,000,000 in wort projects in Pennsylvania. After some fishing in Arenas bay, Mr. Roosevelt hended straight out Into the Pacic ocean for Cocos island is-land off the coast of Costa Rica, a rendezvous of the old-time pirates where search Is often made for supposed sup-posed buried gold. He had good luck angling there last year.