|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by: University of Utah|
|Article Title||Failure & Success|
FAILURE & SUCCESS. Hi The Beet Sugar Indus- ' Jixy in I is I nception. H MR. H. II. DYIiR, MANAGER H OTliD Standard Sugar Co. of Al- varado maks it- inevitable. 1 Under tlio hearting "Dcct Sugar Ux- B , perinicnls" tlio following suijeuicnl BBBytrs:,-. . iSj.-:,.'H'ponrufiitliy.'liul3lni)H Planter' 9I V " 'AliffiePffnBB' P(M K "Muny attempts lime been uimlo to HHNB iiiamifactnro sugar from beds in t)iis B ' lj country, lint with two exceptions they B lnuelcciilltiiu)ciil failures, tho Oxnarils' M sorlm In NobraiUn nml Pnreckcl'sin M C all urn 1.1 being tlio two conspicuous M exceptions." M Kow, while we do not wish to detract M in the least from any iredlt due Messrs. M O.tnardnnd Bprecklcs, (or their cflorts D in behalf of this important industry, uc H 1j11co thai they, In conuuon with alt b who tnUcsnn intcioatin thoninnufaeturc M of lugnr from beets an industry that M promiies gticll ltcnelhlnl recults to our H lountry desire that credit for its pro- H mlaiiig future should bo given to those 1 to whom It is due. Neithci do webc- M lleve that MaMra. Uxn ird mid Bprcekels H wish to ippioprintu honors to which M fify are not fntitkd. As coniuicrci.il M Iniiriialiitu wo natur.dly tnl.e a peat H inloreit in all that concerns home iu- B duttrioi. Wo haro mado ouisehes B (amlllnr with all that relates to tlio luaiiufacturo of sugar fiom liects In thia . Ktato, nud hactakciu'onsiilerablcpnins to collect rclialdedata. The facts, stated , brfelly, are ns follows : The first company to manufacture siiijar from beds in California, Was orsanhed in lfiCO, and erected w oiks nt Alvur.ulo Alcmeda county. The follow - ing j car nnotlier factory was built at ' ITliglltpn, Paiiaincntrt county. I'hn yetlffater unothor c-omp.fny ' circled H wofffit Hlulon, near Stockton In H .. 1&7P t)ie-A machinery -of the first woiks axaxaxH 111. tutiKiu" Mtuiv ivwii"iy, t v ""in W lirtorios proed linauilal f.iiUirev In H tliefaicof all theeo disattrotm failures H throughout the United states, and when V the impreMion beeamo general that H misiconld not 1k inanufactured from H biNit in tlio United States piolltnbly, H '. 11. Djer, oneot the promoters and a H Htockholder in tlio llrst factory built in M California, contended that sugar could H 1)9 mmutfuctured from beets in this H Stateatft piotltj that the lauseo! the failures was not on account of tlio eoil, H clhnaje or high price of labor, but from V incompetent technical and general H iiiauagomont; and as tlio lesult of his H persistent efforts, In 1870 the Standard V Sugar Company wns organized, with 1. If. 11;cr as general manager. Works wero creettd at Aharailo capable of wnrl.lni: about ciehty tonsof beets a day. Tli!aii)uMiiy continued to inanulaituie sugar for dlght cousccutio jcarn with H tlio follow inz rei-ultn, iz: S Iu tlio llift campaign of the Stand H nrd Sugar Company nboi.t 13,000 tons H of lielH wcic woikcd, but in conse- V iiienco of badly arranged iiiachlueiy HBV and inexjicricnco in tlio best methods of H manufacturo notwithstanding llicy H made l,S!)l,tiC0 pouudi of lelincd sugar H th net profits of tlio c.unpaigit wcio H only fl, 111,78. As small as it uaB.it H was Ihti llist piolltn made by any beet H sugar factory in the United States. In H (lielr second campaign they worked H (),82(t tSUM of bed4, which pioduccd H 1,101,075 pounds of refined sugar, which H yielded n net. prollt for the campaign of H 4,200,08. During the thlid c.iuipalgn H pitiy workid 11,230 tons ol beets. The H net profit uflho campaign uasli,03U,86 Sj paying oer ;!0 per cent, on the capital inetted; unquestionably the hcaiCB'- penciling on the cost of plant ever ica H liwtl up to this date by any beet sugar 1 . (ift'toiy in tlio United Mates Tho Btamtanl Cuiupany woif.cd lO.lftO loinuf beets in tlieir fourth lamp.ilgu. lluaxy rains fell in August and Pcpt. HBSJ of thnl your followeil by warm weather, ivhlch Ofliueil tho sugar in the bvuti to luit, owing to taking a second growth. This greatly reduced tho mluoiis' out- pill of sugar. Tho net prtllltiof this H i-miipalgu wero only 11,5S'.I,-'1. Their J ilfii unmpaign was cry elioit, in con- H iwquuuct) of a llglil ciop of beets. They H li.ul onl 7,001 tons of beets. The net B piofitsof this short cunipiign were '22, H lATC. tj' tutnt net piollts txtate being H (tlU3,llll),0;i. Ihoir sixth campaign ojrtiiid under the moslfaorabl8iunpice but from causes beyond the contiotof B thoiwmpnnr, no profits were icalied. H Ti prliiclpnl low was cuuoctl by being H (iT.r-(Haftisl with Iwols, the comic- VJ (jn.iit an euormoiii jield. They had B om tSUjOOO worth uf bMts inoie tlinu tliey weipnblu to work nod gnv tliein SJ to aimmij would haul tliciu of) AU.o, B lining thltctiuipaitu, "hostilities' cum- H in ,1 . il in euineit between the two San 1'. in 1 1 1 1 llneile. By iiudeisvlling, an 1 iiitnrr prices ths market was torn- j.1 1 ) .bin 1 ilisnl This Into ol H hi, 1.1 1 i miiuDtl l the end, of their tub and last eainpalgij. In conso- B i) a ncr .. tho deinorslitcd onndltlon of B theiugiir market on this comt, they H only icalled about unotijili " from sales m - bbbI r of sugar during tho last three, campaigns to pay expenses. A email prollt would have lieen uiado had (hoy not stored their product, thinking that tho trouble between the two rctlnorlcH would soon be settled, and tlio market Improve But tho "war" continued to rage, lte-flned lte-flned sugar sold in Son Francisco for about the price Of crudo refining grades. As it wan, storage and interest absorbed nearly nil the prof!'.?. Bui no ono of the eight campaigns of the Standard Sugar Company was sugar mado at a low. When tlioy wero nearly through w ith their eighth campaign an explosion of two boilers took placo which nearly destrojed the works. The "warfare" 111 continuing between tho two re-flucrles) re-flucrles) with no prospect of abatement, pany erected new works near tlio old site of tho Standard Sugar Company of a daily rapacity of about M toneo' beets, the success of the Standaul Sugar Company in manufacturing sugar in their small works having .convinced them that sugar could bo manufactured prolltably from beets at that price. After making n short run they found that it was necessary to liavp larger works in order to manufacture sugar prolltably at tho ruling market rates. As n largo amount of additional capital was required In order to enlarge tho works to the capacity dcBiicd; nndas some of tho stockholders wero not ablo to put iu any more money, tlio works wero sold to the Alameda Sugar Company Com-pany which hasenltfigcd tliemloa dally capacity of 250 tons, and from tho best Information that wo can obtain wo oro of the opinion that the latter company have, run tlio enlarged works successfully and prolltably up to this date. The foicgoing webelicvotoben correct history of tlio pioneer beet sugar factories of California. Previous to, and during tills period, several .factories wero built in tho eastern states and Canada, all of wlilih were financial fuilurcu. Now In regard to tho factories built by McB!. Sptcrkles and Uxnard. Mr. fjprecklcs contended for years that on account of the high prico of labor ami material in Una country that bugar could not be mnuutjtctured f 10m beets at a profit hcio. During the eighth cam- palgn 01 tlie standard rioguruompauy, HK,ntlctnan, rurlohlly "Jbclugiun doubtcdly excited by the continuous success of that company and tlieir evident evi-dent ability to continue to manufacture sugar fiiuii beets, during the depressed statoof tho sugar market, .isitedtho works at AUnrado. After a careful examination ex-amination of their methods of manufacture, manu-facture, and of the growing bvctB,lic bo-came bo-came convinced that beet sugar could bo made al n profit in California, and the result of his visit was that ho went to Kuropo u fsw months later and put-chased put-chased tho machinery for tho Watson-illo Watson-illo factory. Tho Oxnards began to lmcstigato the matter only about two years ago, anil these gentlemen will no doubt admit that tho success of the Alvarado factory Induced them to tmbark in tlio business. The future of the industry iu tho United States looks nt this time very piouiisiug. A 350-ton factory is nearly completed lu Utah. Another of tho same capacity will bo ended in Ioirn this season. Two others aro in courscof construction, one in Nebraska tho other in southern California. In view of tho brilliant prospects pro-spects of this important industry iu this country Its early history should contain no crioueous rtatciiients. We know that it is duo to the untiring efforts and pcreeu'iauce of the Standard Sugar Co. of Alwiradoln demonstrating by ears ofsuctebsln the nmiiufactuie of sugar from beets that the present confidence in tho industry exists; wo believo ttiat il was owing to tlio success.of that company com-pany that Messrs. Speckles and Oxnard wero induced to Invest iu tho business; that tlio present bounty on donicstio sugar would not hao ken authorised by Congress wero it not for the manufacture manu-facture of sugar from beets iu this country, directly traceablo to the success suc-cess uf tho abovu company. Knowing as wo do nil tho facts in tlio casowc would bo ircreant to our duty as Journalists did we npt in justice to the first successful manufacturers of sugar froc beets lu the United States makii them known. "The word "campaign" js used iu a technical sense, it being tho term generally gene-rally employed Jn Kuropu to denote a season's work."