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T COST OF LIVING WIFE GETS NEW YET SHE BEING REDUCED HAT,. COlrUniS KEEP CLOSER TAB Outfitting the Boys for School Otl UVE STOCK i Says Husband Is Liberal Spender Except When Household is BEGINNING TO TURN Concerned. DECLARES .PRICES DOWNWARD, ATTORNEY GENERAL Government to Change System of Estimates. -- Twenty cents will not purchase a tuitable hat for the wife of a man who earns $2,000 a month. This point was decided, officially and finally, by the appellate division if the supreme court in New York when it affirmed the decree of separation awarded by Justice Pendleton to Mrs. Clara H. Montgomery against her husband, Joseph R. Montgomery, ivho is a raw supr buyer for Arbuckle " , Brothers. Mrs. Montgomery stated in affidavits opposing her husbands application to have set aside the separation order that her husband was a liberal spender except where it came to his household. He - would allow her only $1 a day for food and nothing for clothing, except on one occasion when he doled. out 20 cents with which to purchase a new spring bonnet, she declared. She, said she was forced to borrow bread from neighbors during the day, and on telling her husband of this on his return to the house at night, he would personally slice the bread to be returned to see that the neighbors got none the best of it. Doctor bills he also balked at, she said, and on numerous occasions when these fell due he remarked with evident cheerfulness that he could bury his wife for less than it would cost to settle with the physicians. Alimony later will be fixed by Justice Pendleton. Before their separation the Montgomerys lived at 134 West One Hundred and Eightieth street. Slump Has Not Yet Gathered Momentum, But He Advises Public jto Give Government Chance to '.Show What It Can Do. i J j Inquiry Unveils Shipyard Graft. Seattle. Ciiminal proceedings are contemplated by the department of justice in a case growing out of in Washington, -- iAfcLkViig to testimony gi'Am by How ard) G. Cosgrove, Seattle, attorney for theSEmergency Fleet Corporation, at an investigation being conducted here by a special house of representatives committee in shipyard expenditures. s The average small boy apparently gives little thought as to wherewithal he shall be clothed clothes being the least of, his troubles. But if any fond inojther has visions of decking him out in things that differ much from the clothes worn by his aerage, everyday school fellow', she might as well banish them first as last. Men and boys are less independent in the matter of clothes than women and girls are. This- is because they come in for a lot of frank ridicule from their fellows the minute they do anything unusual in the way of dressing. Here are two suits for school boys the kind they like. They are made of good qualities of woolen goods with two pairs of knickerbockers to each suit and boast certain small finishing touches that will please their wearers, although they are so conspicuous that ones attention must be called to them. For instance the patch pockets on the coat for the larger boy have flaps that This is an advantage button down. that the youngster -- w ill gloat over sinj;e he will not lose his treasures, no matter wThat position the fortunes of war may place his anatomy in. Also a buckle, like that on the cloth belt, for some reason, lias charms for the small boj', that are This suit is made of dark lasting. woolen goods, soft finish and with an indistinct pin stripe. With a stiff turndown collar and tie, the boy looks very trim and well set up in it. For the smaller boy a plain wool goods is used to make straight, short pants and a moderately long coat. This is cut with pleats at each side, and the body is set onto a yoke. A belt of the material slips through slides of it, set on and fasfened with two buttons at the front fo make assurance doubly sure. He may put one fastening out of commission, but hardly two of them at the same time. The turn-dowcollar is finished off for him with a narrow tie with tasseled ends. He may consider this tie a little extreme m stile 'and manage to dls pense with the tassels. gay-plai- d - n . ' Original Styles TriTlapper Coats Latest portrait of Queen Elizabeth with King Albert and their three children are to visit the United States in the near future. of Belgium, who Lenroot Offers Rail Plan. Washington. Unification of the railroads of (lie country into one privately owned sjstem, wjtli minimum earnings guaranteed, the management shared by the security holders, public and emplojes, and with provision for sharing excess profits - between the public and emplojes, is proposed in a bill introduced by Senator Lenroot of Wisconsin. Government Collected ' Revenue From 3,412,890 Taxables in 1917. Income tax returns were filed by 3,412,890 persons, about 3 per cent of the population, for the calendar year of 1917, according to final reports just completed by the internal revenue bureau. They show that taxes, levied on net incomes aggregating $13,652,-383,20totaled $675,249,450, an average of $368.58 an Individual. In 1916, before the law was expanded to help meet war expenses, returns were filed by 3,035,854 individuals and corporations on net incomes aggregating $7,353,805,587. Returns In 1917 were made on Incomes ranging from $1,000 to $2,000, and ranged in the hundreds of thousands up to $25,000. There were 30,391 returns on Incomes between $25,000 and $50,000; 1,439 returns from $50,000 to $100,000; 3,302 from $100,000 to $150,000 ; 2,347 from $150,000 to $300,000 ; 559 from $300,-00- 0 to $500,000 ; 315 from $500,000 to $1,000,000 and 141 over that flgnre. Public Curtails Meat Purchases. Chicago. A drop of $1 a hundred pounds on the average for hogs, with lovyer prices for beef dalle., at 'the stockyards Wednesday, was ascribed to several reasons, and partly to the general protest against the high cost 'of living. Does Not Believe in Retiring. President to Come West. William H. Clements, Sr. of Stevens Washington. After weeks of uneer-- i tainty concerning the proposed trip, Point, Wis., doesnt believe that age rei has anything to do with a man's tirement. He Is almost eighty years old and has gone to Mosinee to devote a month to the strenuous work of clam Ashing there. He Is remarknbly vig' orous. which will extend to the Pacific coast, definite announcement was made Wednesday thnt'lhe president would leave Washington as soon as ai'rangeiiu'hls ' could be made. ' Strike Threatened in Seattle. ' Scuttle, Wash. All major hulhliiig a to come will stop In Seoperations attle unless carpenters, plasterers and other liiilldlng craftsmen withdraw their demand for an increase in wages of $1 a day. Spider Bite on Chin Killed Girl. spider bite on the chin cansed the death of Miss Anna Bloomqulst, sixteen years old, of Kane, Pa. Usual remedies, applied after she was bitten, provetj futile, and doctors Inter failed to check the poison. A Millions More for Clerks. 1 It Is estimated that the Increase of to $2.50 In the we'&ly wages of all shop clerks will cost merchants of $2 Great Britain a year. $120,000,000 to $150,-000,0- THOROUGH (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture ) Up to this time the United States department of agriculture has issued a single estimate, in January of each year, showing how many head of the various kinds of live stock there are In the United States, and one estimate a year showing losses by disease. Now the w'hole system is to be changed As soon as the machinery can be got' in operation by the bureau of crop estiestimates, there will be 12 mates a year instead of one. Instead of being made for the 48 states they will be made for the 3,000 agricultural counties in the United States. Instead of showing merely that there are so many horses, so many cattle, so many sheep, and so on, they will be made by That is, age and sex classifications. they will show what proportion is breeding stock, what proportion growing stock, and what proportion marketable stuff. They will show quality as well as numbers the proportions of purebred animals, of grade animals, and of scrubs. A great deal more than that, even, is to be done under the new system. These surveys will show, besides k actual figures, a great many things pertaining to and affecting the k industry. They will show how many silos there are and what they contain, how much feed is on hand and In prospect available for feeding to live stock; and the condition of pastures and ranges throughout the United States. This showing will be made every month in the year. Pasture Knowledge Vital. item', that of the The condition of pastures and ranges, is of much gi eater importance than might appear at first blush. Leaving all of the others out of account for the moment, it should result in considk erable increase of production as well as increased profits to a k men. ' It will g.eat many make possible quick shifts of live stock from sections where, for some reason, the pastures are shorty to other sections where for the time being the supply of pasturage is much greater than required by the live stock on hand. Almost every year somewhere in the United States great numbers of cattle and sheep suffer for lack of pasture, fail to put on weight, and, if they do not die, are finally sold at a considerable loss to their owners. At the same time that this is going on, multiplied millions of dollars worth of grass goes to waste in various other sections of the United States, because the supply of live stock on hand Is not sufficient to eat it. The average farmer who makes live stock a side line, or even one of his main lines, plays safe in the matter of pasture. The number of head of live stock he carries is the number he knows he can carry safely if should happen to be such as to cut his pastures short. Very rarely does he carry the maximum number that would be possible with his pastures at their best or even at normal. It happens, therefore, when his pastures are exceptionally good and even when they are normally good, he has considerably more grass thai is needed by his live stock. With reliable monthly reports from the government each month, showing just the condition of pastures everywhere, the feeder or range owner who finds himself short of grass should have little difficulty in distributing his cattle wjiere there is abundance of grass, keeping his young and poor stuff from going to the slaughter pen before they are ready and generally making his business more profitable and more satisfactory. More Important Work Planned. All of the other Items in the new program of the bureau of crop estimates are equally important, and some of them are vastly more so. The publication monthly of reliable figures situation the showing the country over should result practically k business of in putting the the farmer on a more secure basis. k The dealer always has the means of getting, on his own responsibility, a pretty accurate survey of the situation, but the farmer has no access to those sources of information. When the government gives him the figures that are promised he will be on an equal footing with the buyer. If there were ever cuy doubt as to the ability of the department of agriculture to obtain quickly nnd accuinformation on rately country-wid- e present and prospective food supplies the doubt has been dispelled. The war emergency demonstrated the matter very clearly. During the two years, 1917 and 1018, the department estimated in advance of the planting season the acreage that farmers Intended to plant to food crops. In both years these preplanting estimates came within 8 per cent of the final figures. In k live-stoc- live-stoc- live-stoc- live-stoc- con-ditip- ns INCOME TAX RETURNS Shooting of Miss Cavell Justified. Baltimore. Execution by the Germans of Miss Edith Cavell, tlje English nurse, which aroused the indignation of the allied world, was in accordance with the laws of ehilized warfare, according to a minority report of the committee on military law of the American Bar association, made . public August 27. MORE live-stoc- rough-and-tumb- Replies to Mexican Note. Washington. The American governments reply to Mexicos protest against the dispatch of American droops into Mexico in pursuit of banks who held two .American aviators lor ransom, was sent forward August 27, it was announced at the state department. Officials declined tq discuss the contents of the note, saving that it probably would be made public in Mexico City. EE Instead of One Estimate a Year for the 48 States There Will Be 12 Covering the 3,000 Agricultural Counties in the United States Statistics Will Show Age and Sex Classifications as Well as Quality. - Prices are beginning Washington. to turn downward in various parts of the country, but the slump has not yet gathered momentum sufficient to affect purchases for immediate use, according to reports to the department of justiec. Attorney General Palmer, asked how soon results could expected from the campaign to, reduce- - the cost of living, said all the government wanted was a tail chance to show what could be done to take the artificial inflation out of the market." lie said officials were welt pleased with the success so fur attained and hacumjjllvq.re-suit- s wWe'1 kpected w fien cpn&ress enacts' uifiehdtnents to ttie food;control 'law ,by .which criminal penalties can be imposed on profiteers and hoarders. We hope the public will begin to reap the behefit of our efforts before long, Mr. Palmer said. For instance, we are making progress in obtaining promises from shoe manufacturers as to fixing a, limit beyond which pric ; shall not go. , Propaganda which Js apparently .'nation-wide, on the part of shopkeepers seeking to induce purchases now oil the pretext that prices will be materially higher next season, was condemned by Mr. Palmer as one certain thing which would make prices continue rising if heeded. His attention QUEEN WILL VISIT . was called to "advertisements in papers stating straw hats, clothTHE UNITED STATES articles ing and other should be bought before next j ears priced 'become effective. It is very unfortunate 'that some merchants take that attitude, and we have been studying the situation. the attorney general said Extensive purchases now, reducing the supply, and, increasing the demand, would make! their predictions come true, whereas we hope for a normal price level If the .people do hot' stampede ido a buying hysteria. Club Dinner Death Toll Is Six. Alliance, O: With (lie dentil at Canton of Frank McAvoy, chef of tin Lakeside Country club, the death list resulting from cnting unwholesome food at a club dinner Saturday night was Increased to six. tmi Those who originate styles for the flapper are destined to come In tor ninny thanks from that opinionated young person when she views the new winter coats designed for her. Since specialists give their time and thought to her needs styles for her frocks and coals and millinery are no longer afterthoughts of those whose business is to design apparel for grown-ups- . Of course when the girl from twelve to seventeen owns o frock or coat that takes its cue from styles worn by growu-up- s her happiness Is complete. Here Is a coat which has the long shoulder nnd graceful drapery that rules In the new fall conts for women. It Is made of velours nnd Is less full than the conts whose style It follows. But the arrangement of drapery about the sleeves gives It an ample look nnd raukes it roomy, nnd these things nre the mode 1or winter conts. At the hnck this coat suggests a skirt set onto a bodice and this effect Is emphasized by n row of covered but tons down the renter of the body. It Is odd aid preti" and girlish A small sailor collar, with three plaits nt each side, sets an example which the sleeves follow by adopting three plaits for their decoration. Covered buttons, like those on the bnck of the eont, finish up the sleeve trimThe coat fnlls to he cnlf of ming. the leg and hangs straight at th,--' front. Altogether It Is ns pretty ns any model so far brought out for the coming winter nnd this Is snjlng n great deal to Its credit. It Is n example of the ndvnntngos that come from expert designing. Girls from twelve to sixteen need the sort of service that specialists enn give them nnd nre giving them, with more and more success, until we have ceased to call these years the nwk-wat' age." I d j Evening Gcwns. Lace appears on a good tunny eve rdng gowns. i) live-stoc- k live-stoc- for the first time it was possible to check up accurately on wheat, the departments estimates came within 2 per cent of the wheat production, as shown by the quantity used for seed and total receipts at mills and elevators as reported by tlie gram corporation of the food administration. Such figures, authoritative and unbiased, are a prerequisite to the most intelligent program either of production or of marketing. They prevent the issuance of biased and misleading reports by speculators. They tend to stabilize prices by giving advance information of overproduction or underproduction. The certainty of supply resulting from dependable government reports reduces the carrying risk of buyers and dealers, and enables them to pay better prices than would be possible otherwise. The government reports enable transportation companies to estimate tonnage and to provide cars when and where they are needed. They give bankers the information necessary in providing funds for financing farmers in the production of their crops and, after harvest, for buyers and distributers of crops. They enable manufacturers to know, months in advance, what materials should be contracted for in order that farm machinery, equipment, and supplies may be made available without annoying and expensive delays. There is just one class of men injured by the government crop reports. They are the professional speculators who profit by the ignorance and uncertainty of others. Those facts have long been realized as to the government reports on field crops. Now they are to become equal. ly true as to live stock. To Shew "Commercial Production. A number of other things are to be done under the new program. One will be to show, not merely total production, but commercial production as well. That is, the crop report will show not only how much of a given commodity Is produced on the farms but how much leaves the farms and goes on the market. The price of anything is not determined by the quantity of that thUig produced on the farm, consumed on the farm, or wasted on the farm, so much as by the marketable surplus the portion that actually leaves the farm and becomes a factor in supply and demand in the open market. Another important thing that will be a little longer in coming is the actual taking of a farm census every year instead of using as a basis of all cenfigures the last preceding sus. This is to be accomplished by usirg tax assessors as gatherers of basic farm figures. About 30 states have already passed laws requiring assessors to do this work, the returns to be made to the state commissioner of agriculture and to be checked up by the state field agent of the bureau In states where of crop estimates. such laws have been passed, they are. for the most part, new and are not yet fully in effective operation. The department of agriculture expects, however, that similar laws will be passed in all other states and the plan put in complete effective operation throughout the United States within the next five years. A great deal of work is being done, bealso looking to closer tween the federal department of agriculture and the state departments. results in combining Such the facilities of the two organizations and using them for the issuance of a single monthly crop report for the state instead of two. agreer, ents have been entered into in Wisconsin, Ohio, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Missouri, Georgia Alabama, North Carolina, West Virginia, Arkansas, Utah and Idaho, and are under consideration in many other states. 1918, when , 10-ye- MRS. ENOCH ARDEN BOBS First Wife of Civil War Hero pears After Fifty Years. UP Reap- At elghty-on- e years of age, James Wainscott of Richmond, Ya., is the unhappy possessor of two wives, 13 children and two divorce suits all as the result of a romance in 1865. In 1S65, Wainscott was in a hospital suffering from wounds received in one of the last battles of the Civil war. ne married the nurse who brought him back to health. After six months they separated, and Wainscott was told later that she had died. So In 1870 he married again, and has since then been a wealthy resident of Richmond, and has a family of 13 children. And now of the dead past comes Mrs. Wainscott No. 1 from Kansas City, very much alive and angry, to secure a divorce. Wife No. 2 also considers herself a victim of Walnscotts marital zeal, nnd hns also asked for a divorce. Both demand heavy alimony. live-stoc- SAVING KAISERS STATUES Germans In Thorn Fear Poles Will Destroy Them. ' ' The Germans nre carefully removing all bronze statues of former kaisers from Bromberg and Thorn lest the Poles destroy them on their arrival. The statue of Frederick the Great nt Bromberg already has been taken to Schneideimiehl and there. That of Wiilinm the Great will be removed in a few days and the forraet kaisers statue at Thorn will he taken from the market with a festival parade. The Germnn government will be asked to erect It elsewhere. Memorials of Bismarck and other German chiefs also will be removed from tbs bridge across the Vistula river.