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Jr THE MAMMOTH RECORD. MAMMOTH CITY. UTAH CAPITA!. AtTAIDS Supreme Court May Have Last Word on the Treaty Id the heat of the controversy between the president and the League of Nations policy, the general public seeins to have overlooked the fact that there may be a third party to the controversy by whom the final and conclusive decision may be rendered. This third party is the Supreme court of the United States. If the senate fails to ratify, the ' treaty becomes void by that action, and no appeal to the Supreme court would be necessary. , If the League of Nations covenant shall be ratified by the senate it will be incumbent on congress immediately to make an appropriation to cover ' the United States portion of the ex- penditure deemed necessary to establish and provide for the maintenance of J the leagues secretariat, to be set up in Geneva. As soon as Congress seeks to do this, the taxpayers action will be commenced on the ground that the United States, by its Constitution, is inhibited from participation in such a convention, certain obligations assumed by (he United States under the covenant being in direct contravention of provisions ' ' os the Constitution. that were and If the court should decide that the objections raised sound, the covenant of the League of Nations actually would, in effect, amend the Constitution, the treaty could not be carried out until the Constitution had been amended in the way the Constitution itself provides it shall be amended, namely, by the submission of an enactment of a federal amendment. Several persons are ready to bring this test action, among them being t ; i , Hannis Taylor, minister to Spain under McKinley. The right and duty of the Supreme court is defined in section 2 of article 8 of the Constitution. WASHINGTON. : When Old Dame Nature Gets Ready to Scatter Seed 1,!,.1,i ,(' at Madison, Wis., that the snow which lay on ITthe ground had acquired a bright yellowish tint. At the same time the people of Florence, in the same state,: were, surprised to find that the snow looked dusty and had acquired a reddish brown color. Similar effects were; noticed elsewhere as far east, as Vermont and. New Hampshire. ,, r , , WAS noticed one morning , ' This strange phenomenon was examined by several scientists. They found that a very fine dust had fallen, apparently all over the eastern United States. to and thoroughly railways, transportation means good wagon. roads. Even in normal times the value of such roads is well night ..c, incalculable, abut lri Ma period1 of armed conflict victory or defeat may, depend upon the condition of the common highways. All this is well known. men have for some years And yet, though been urging the good roads movement upon the people and some progress has been achieved, our highways In general still remain amqng,, the. .worst in the world. Albert J. Beveridge. . NEXT , far-seei- , I think that I shall never see A poem as lovely as a tree .( ,, A tree whose hungry mouth Is prest Against the world's sweet flowing breast; A tree that looks Af God all Sky , And lifts her. leafy arms to pray; A tree that may In summer wear ' A nest of robins In her hair; i old-time- ; : - . . Poems are made by fools like me, But only God, can , make a tree. Joyce Kilmer. If you want to build a road, let the people plant memorial trees along that road,. and your project Is a success. Charles Lathrop Pack. r. Thus come closer to the Great Plant memorial trees In honor of the men who gave their In to honor lives of the men who offered their country their lives. Rev. Dr. Francis E. Clark. Tree-Make- Ronds' find trees for iremembrance Victory highways In honor of Americas fight..... ing men in the great war! Roadside- planting of trees in memory of their ! - Individual deeds ! u It is a truism that the economic and moral fiber of any community Is shown by the condition of Its highways. Give the community the right kind of roads, schools, churches, factories and banks and the other signs of advancement will -m soon bq.In evidence. Memorial roads ! What more fitting monument can we build in honor of our heroes? Permanent roads dedicated to them! How can a community better commemorate their achievements? And all these memorial roads planned and built as part's of a great system of victory highways victory highways that food .may piove from farm to city anil manufactures back to the farm! that ' the way of the children to the schoolhouse mny be made easy; that the defense of,. America against armed force may be certain. Victory highways that not only serve the nations needs, but , delight, the peoples eye victory highways beautified by roadside planting of American trees and shrubs and flowers. No wnlls ' an gates tind grebes., with their suggestion of something closed and set apart, but memorial trees and groves dnd little parks and wayside camps for the. American .traveler and food trees for the birds. ' To Abraham Lincoln have probably more memorials been erected than,, to any other man. Whfch of all these memorials Is most impressive most fitting? Consider now the Lincoln highway, ns it, is and, as It is soon to be. The' Lincoln highway is an object lesson of what is and what is to be In a memorial road. More that .8,000 mill's .In length, .It runs east and west through the heart of America, with giant north and south feeder highways, Joining the Atlantic and the Pncifle. It traverses 11 states. Fifteen millions have, been expended on it in the fast five yeurs. Already there are nearly 400 miles of .concrete and brick, and paving jand more than 1,1,100, jiilles of, mncadum. jU Is, In operation from end to end. It carries an endless procession The of Americans In thelv own automobiles. year,. rou ml It Is dotted with freight tracks. At this very moment the federal government hns under way .on the Lincoln way, across tho continent, an exhibition train. It started from Washington,' and from Gettysburg, Pa the route Is over the Lincoln .way, to, Pittsburgh, Camden and Bucyrus, O. ; Fort Wayfie, Ind. ; Chicago Heights, 111. ; Clinton, Cedar Rapids and Marshalltown, la.; Omaha, Neb.; Cheyenne, Wyo.; Salt and Ely, Nev., ftgka city, Utah Curson City i , . . , The strangest thing about this fall of dust was that It :occurred in a .region the greater part of which lay under snow and had been under snow for many days. It was evident, therefore, that the dust must have traveled hundreds, If not thousands, of miles. The study made by government scientists shows that this assumption was correct. Samples of the dust have been analyzed, with the result that it was shown to be composed of minerals found, not in the North 'where the dust fell, but in the Southwest. The scientists assert positively that this dust came all the way from Arizona, New Mexico and Kansas, being borne by those large movements of the air which cause our variations of weather: It is interesting to note that a little before these strange dustfalls occurred la the North and Northwest there were heavy sandstorms in the Southwest. At Albuquerque! N. M., there was a storm such as none of the could remember to have seen before. The air was filled with clouds of dust ' and sand so dense that street cars and taxicabs could not run. Scientists say that this migratory dust is worthy of Careful study, as it ! carries germs, spores of plants and important elements of soil. finally dropping down the Sierra Nevada to Sacramento, Cal., and then to San Francisco. s of the This train consists of 60 types employed by the motor transport corps In the conduct of the winning of the war. In addition, this train are several other accompanying branches of the United States army service. Including representatives of the engineer corps, with antiaircraft defense trucks and searchlights, and certain specially detailed observers who will make an intensive study and report to the war department on road conditions. The trip is being made for both military and An extended educational purposes, including: performance test of the several standardized types of motorized army equipment used for transportation of troops and cargo and for other special military purposes; the war departments contribution to good roads movement; demonstrae motor tion of the practicability of commercial post and transportation and the need for judicious expenditure of federal governmental appropriations In providing the necessary highways. Sq much' for the Lincoln highway as a means ' of transportation a transcontinental road linkStates by states. Consider now ing the United the Lincoln way as a' beauty spot and a memorial, not only to the Great Emancipator, but to the heroes who followed his example and won the freedom of the world In the great war. The roadside planting of the Lincoln way Is In charge of the General Federation of Womens Clubs. This organization has a membership of 2,500,000 members. It has a state federation In every state In the Union. Mary K. Sherman, chairman of the conservation department of the general federation, has secured a comprehensive planting plan for the way. This plan has been worked out by Jens Jensen, a noted landscape In general It provides for engineer of Chicago. the planting of trees, shrubs and flowers indigenous to the locality. For example, blue prints have been made for the planting of the way through the 180 miles of Illinois. These prints kinds of trees, shrubs give all necessary details and flowers for each locality; suggestions for clubs of the several states grouping each. The the passes will see to it that way which through clubs in other states done. Is Many the planting will plant memorial miles on tho way and in addition carry out the same plan In application In their own states. to Lincoln way feeders roadside this planting of the Linof Features are memorial coln way by the general federation heroes ; groves, founindividual of honor In trees the rond; fruit and tains, camping places along bird sanctuary from a and birds the for nut trees ocean to ocean. For ton years America has been spending from '00,000,000 to $300,000,000 a yenr for highway construction and maintenance without national lftn without relation to the broad needs of the with little country as a whole and After spending over states. between of effort In a decade, we are, broadly speak$2 000,000,000 a proper connecting system of ing ns fur from radiating highways In he United Stntes ns ever. The latest government figures show a total In the United Stntes of 2,457,-83- 4 highway mileage and of this total, even after the tremendous 290,-00- 0 expenditures noted, but 12 per cent, or some miles, have received any attention whatever and these Improvements are scattered In 48 states, In a loose and utterly Ineffective way, over various sections of our entire 2,500,000 miles. motor-vehicle- long-distanc- . . ' Now the time for national action has arrived. Thus the time is ripe for roads and trees for remembrance. The United States is going to expend $500,000,000 in the next few years on a national highway system of interstate arterial routes. It onTy Remains to be seen wliat agency of the federal government is to have charge of the construction. If the department of agriculture and the' state highway commissions do the work, the government and the states will share the expense, half and half. If a highway commission Is established by congress to have charge of the work the share of the states will be apportioned in order that, states like Nevada, Wyoming and Arizona shall not be too heavily burdened. .. As to the feature of memorial trees, this is also the chosen time. Public sentiment turns toward the idea. Events ail over the country forecast a ' general memorial planting. The American Forestry association, of which Charles Lathrop Pack Is president, has issued a call for memorial tree planting. It is registering all memorial trees and giving certificates of registration ; also Instructions for planting. Rev. Dr. Francis E. Clark has called upon the Christian Endeavor societies to plant memorial trees. remembered its war Georgetown university heroes at its one hundred and thirtieth commencement by planting 54 memorial trees In honor of Its heroic dead. To each tree was affixed a bronze marker, of which a sample is given herewith. ..To the next of kin goes a duplicate of the marker. My boys made a wonderful reputation for this country on the battlefields of France, says DanI say my boys because I beiel Carter Beard. lieve that there were boy scouts In every American division that participated In the war. The boy scouts slogan Is, Once a scout always a A plan that we are tnklng up is the scout. planting of trees as memorials for our heroes. This Is being done In some parts of Long Island and should be done In all sections. After the tree has been planted a small tablet should be placed on It bearing the name of the man who made the supreme sacrifice, and when and where and how he was killed and his branch of the servlcp. Many victory highways to be planted with memorial trees are under way throughout the couns , try. Defense The' National highway, between Blandensburg and Annapolis, Is Mnrylnnd's conNew York Is planning a Roosevelt tribution. Memorial hlelnvay from Montauk Point to Buffalo. In Ohio Col. Webb C. Hays has offered to give memorial tablets on memorial highways In Sandusky county, and William G. Sharpe, former ambassador to France,' will do the same for " " : county. The poem by Joyce Kilmer, who gave his life for his country In France, Is most touching. Whnt is more fitting than a tree for a memorial? We may attain the most magnificent effects In stone and bronze. .Compare them with a permanent rond enduring as the Applnn way, built 22 centuries ego and shaded by tho Maryland tulip poplar or the Engelmann spruce or any other of our magnificent American trees. The glimpse of nn Estes Park rond In the Rocky Mountain Na- -' tlonal park shows natures way of beautifying a highway. Consider how the trees on gunrd add the crowning touch to the Washington Lo-.rii- in ,i , Washington to Drive 15,000 People Out of Alleys noted the world over for its cleanliness and order, has WASHINGTON, s of these inhabitants living In filthy alleys. people are colored. These unfortunate alley dwellers must vacate their pres- ent homes a year after the signing of peace with Germany, when an act of congress abolishing the alleys as places of. residence becomes effective. Washington now faces the big Nine-tenth- problem of how to provide housing accommodations for these people In an already overcrowded city. Congress will be asked to help solve the problem by appropriating $6,000,000 to erect 8,000 sanitary homes. About ten years ago the Alley Improvement association began a fight for the elimination of Inhabited alleyS In the District of Columbia. Other civic bodies joined the movement. As a result of their combined efforts a bill was passed by unanimous vote of both houses of congress wiping out the alley evil. The date set for the evacuation of the alleys originally was July 1,1918, but because of the great congestion in this city due to war conditions, con. .. gress found it necessary to extend the date. The association is of the opinion that the building of 8,000 small houses. In view of the high cost of building, the class of tenants concerned and the limited time before the law becomes operative, capnot be left to private enterprise. The government must help, Just as in other countries, such ns England,1 Belgium and Scotland, the governments have done under .similar circumstances. , The alley law is not confiscatory, as the alley buildings can be used after the law becomes effective for garages, stables, shops, storage warehouses and coal sheds. , , The elimination of Inhabited alleys will not only Improve the health and imorals of the capital, but it will add greatly to Its beauty. , , , Go to Russia, Young Man, to Make a Fortune YOU want share In the greatest IFment of the Immediate future, study the Russian commercial and Industrial developlanguage, and also Russian is This advice of the bureau of methods. resources the trade and geography, ' .1 education to young Americans. Rus sia is iq chaos now, but It cant afford to stay in chaos much longer. And whether It emerges a socialist state, a social democracy or a republic, its 180,000,000 people must be supplied with the necessities of life; it must be equipped with railroads and factories; its forests and mines must be utilized. And all or most of this nnist be dona by traders and engineers and capitalists from the West, for Russlu has neither trained men, money nor tools. Russia Is the worlds greatest opportunity; and the fact Is apparent to most of the world. Americans seem least aware of the Russian opportunity, but the bureau of education and the federal hoard for vocational education have been doing what they can .to overcome this Indifference. Surveys have been made In 250 American cities with a view to establishing evening and day classes In the Russian language. Special textbooks have been prepared, In which Russian banking, trade and shipping terms take tho place of the. hut of the gardener" anil the "green umbrella of my aunt's grandfather." Here Is a new country," despite the fact that It Is a very old one a country where are unplowed soil, virgin forests and mineral resources that have never been tapped. For men of every trade and profession, and especially for young men whom adventure compensates for hardship, Russia is the opportunity of .he to v. tut" re. .