|Paper||Rich County News|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Rich County News|
THE RICH COUNTY NEWS, RANDOLPH, UTAH at whose doors were stationed cavalrymen with drawn sabers. When he went abroad he would be preceded, not by a trim policeman or an Argus-eye- d secret service man,' but by a herald who would demand that the populace uncover before the most noble . President ICELAND: LACKS ICE AND gorgeo- RAILROADS Carrying ice to Iceland will appear to most persons about as reasonable as carrying wheat to the Dakotas, cotton to Texas or beans to Boston. But according to press dispatches the Icelanders made an appeal during the past winter to Norway, the nearest European country, to ship them ice in order that they might save their herring harvest from being spoiled by the mild weather. The land which has come down in history as Iceland might with more accuracy have been given a diametrically opposite title, and called The Land of Fire. The surface of no other country, perhaps, is so deeply marked by the withering blasts that well up from time to time; and in no country of equal area are to be found so many volcanic peaks and vents. 0 Nearly 5,000 square miles of the of the countrys area are covered by lava flows. Iceland is. approximately .the size of Ohio and about 8,000 square miles larger than Ireland. It is only a short distance off the Europeward coast of Greenland, and its northernmost cape just touches the Arctic circle. From there the midnight sun can be seen. In spite of its position,, so near the North pole, Iceland, thanks to the Gulf stream, has a relatively mild winter climate. Reykjavik, the capital, is in the same latitude as Nome, Alaska, but has ,a January temperature milder than that of Munich, Germany, or Milan, Italy. Icelandic summers, however, are cool, due to the large fields of ice that float down from the North. Grain cannot be grown satisfactorily, and all breadstuffs must be imported. Though Icelanders, faced by implacable natural forces and conditions, have been unable to achieve any great degree of physical development on istheir land, they have made notable advances in less material fields. A truly remarkable literary development sprang up in this far northern island in the twelfth and thirteenth' centuries, a full hundred years before the Renaissance began to make itself felt in , 6unny. Italy. In more recent times the Icelanders have shown themselves to be in advance of many parts of the world In their social and political ideas. V7om-e- n had full political privileges in Iceland earlier probably than in any other civilized country. At the present time part of the Althing, the. Icelandic parliament, is elected by proportional Votes for women is representation. not the only mark which feminism has placed on the life of Iceland. The custom of women retaining their own names when they marry is more general in Iceland, perhaps, than In any other modern country. The political status of Iceland Is in some ways peculiar. In effect it might be said to be an autonomous state in partnership with Denmark. It has no army or navy and is under no obligation to contribute either men or money to the Danish military forces. Denmark recognizes the countrys permanent neutrality. Furthermore, the present arrangement Is only temporary, and after December 31, 1940, either of the associated countries may demand a- - revision of the Act of Union which now unites them. 40,-00- ' lava-covere- d, And if Mr. Harding, instead of being Installed as chief executive of the worlds biggest republic, had been seated as one of the heads of the smallest republic, San Marino, he would have . experienced the most elaborate procedure of all. He would have donned quaint medieval state would have marched garments; through the streets of the capital preceded by heralds and escorted by usly-uniformed soldiers ; would have attended a preliminary church service during which his predecessor would sit on a canopied throne soon to be occupied by him; and finally, would have had placed on his head a headdress indicative of his office. In addition to differences in the official ceremonies by which the presidents of the world are inducted into office, there are. many variations in the festivities and celebrations that accompany these events. In some cases the accompanying observances have become practically a, part of the official procedure. The newly installed French president almost invariably drives to the Hotel de Ville, the Paris city hall, after taking office, to attend a luncheon and reception as the guest of the president and members of the municipal council. In Mexico, during the evening preceding the midnight induction into office, the president-elec- t usuafly attends a banquet given in his honor by the mayor of the City of Mexico. There is a public reception at the presidential palace the morning after the inauguration. . In Chile the Inauguration day is often closed by a special concert at the municipal theater, and on the following evening the new presldeht gives a state banquet for diplomatic representatives, special envoys and high officials of the republic and the prov- short-summer- ONLY UNITED STATES HAS AL FRESCO INAUGs URATION If President Harding had been inducted into the chief office in some other republics on March 4, the ceremonies would have varied from a simplicity even greater than that he insisted upon, to an investiture of almost regal splendor. If he had followed the customs long observed in France, the ceremony would have taken place in the White House. Instead of taking a formal eath he would have uttered a pledge to coosecrate himself to the service of the republic and he would have ended by kissing the retiring President on both cheeks. If he had been made President according to the practice of the Mexicans, he would have taken the oath in the hall of the house of representatives at midnight After the administration of the oath he would have received the embrace of his predecessor. ' In Brazil after being sworn in, he would have hung across his chest a broad band of the colors of the country, supporting a medal the insignia of the presidency. In Chile, following the taking of the oath before a joint session of congress, he would have gone through streets lined with soldiers at present arms, to a special Te Deum service in the principal church of the city. Immediately afterward he would have held a reception, and would then have paid a visit to the If he had been inducted into the and presidency of the war-torepublic of Poland, he would have gone to a White House - , -- inces. ' , The United States, although Its capital is in a more rigorous climate than those of many republics, is alone in having an al fresco inauguration. THE WINNING OF THE WEST CA-NADI- of oil in northwest Canada toward the Arctic circle has increased the importance of the western Canadian provinces near the United States border, which will be the door-- ' way for the new oil treasury.' The prairie provinces of Canada- Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta were not without their bids to fame before this discovery. For example: The last of the wild buffalo herds of America, survivors of the millions of animals which roamed the plains and woodlands of the continent, now ranges thropgh northwestern Alberta. This province alone is estimated to contain 15 per cent of the worlds known coal supply. The myriad of wild ducks, geese, and other migratory fowl that fly northward each spring are for the most part bound for the northern parts of the three prairie provinces, where they build their nests and rear their young. The three provinces are naturally considered at once, for among them they cover all of Canada which is in process of being settled, west of the older Great Lakes province of Ontario and east of the Rocky mountains. This is Canadas West, where restless pioneer spirits from all lands are carving out an empire as kindred spirits a generation or so ago wrought the wilderness of the Missouri valley and the great American desert into the rich states of today. The Canadian pioneers have advantages over those who won' the American West, in that they have better railroad methods and equipment, telephones and wireless. But they have a relentless new enemy in the bitter cold of the northern regions of the For though the southern provinces. portions are separated from the United States by only an Imaginary line, and are similar to the northern reaches of Minnesota, North Dakota and Montana, of which they are geographically a part, to the north the three provinces sweep to within 500 miles of the Arctic circle. The predominant part of the population and development of the three provinces is in their southern halves. In this region Winnipeg, capital of Manitoba, with its population close to 200,000, is Canadas Chicago of a generation or so ago; while Edmonton, capital of Alberta, is the St. Paul of a similar period. The northern portion of the provinces is a region crossed by many rivers and dotted with numberless lakes, a region divided between woodlands and muskegs, or swampy flats. There the trapper still reigns supreme and life is primitive. it Discovery WHEN DINOSAURS IN AMERICA GAM-BOLE- D Spring in America, which is heralded in this age by the coming of the birds, the stirring of email animals and the emergence from hibernation and water lethargy of the few large animals that civilization has left us, was a vastly different matter a few eons ago when America produced animals larger .than any now living here. An idea of what these creatures were like Is given in the following communication to the National Geographic society from Barnum-Brown- : That was so long ago that nothing remains of these creatures except their bones, and they are turned to stone. Hidden away under strata of earth, their spoor has long since grown cold. The animals are dinosaurs ; for the moment we will call them lizards not the creeping, crawling kind,, but huge reptiles that stalked upright through the jungles, rivaling in size the elephant, the hippopotamus and the rhinoceros. In the marshes of prehistoric times dwelt a host of reptiles, some large, some small, and of various forms, flesh eaters and herb eaters, but all sharing certain characters in common and known as dinosaurs. Not any were closely related to any living reptile, yet they had some characters common to the lizards, crocodiles and birds. Of the kinds characteristic of the period one species, an herb eater named Trachodon, was more than 30 feet long and about 15 feet high when standing erect Its head, with mouth, resembles that of a duck, but back of the beak there are more than two thousand small teeth, disposed in many vertical rows, each containing several individual teeth, the new ones coming up from below as the old ones wore out The long hind feet terminated in d three toes, and the shorter, slender front feet were partly webbed. A long, thin, slender tail acted as a powerful swimming organ, and the body was covered with rough skin. Having no means of defense, it lived chiefly in the water, where it was free from attacks of the flesh eaters. Strangest of all was the herbivorous Ankylosaurus a stocky, shortlcreature, completely egged, encased In armor. Dermal plates covered the skull, followed by rings of plates over the neck and rows of flat plates over the back and hips. Its tail terminated In a huge club, and the belly was covered by a pliable mosaic of small, close-se-t plates. It was further protected by a movable plate that could be dropped down like a shutter over each eye, thus completing its protection from insects and formidable foes. broadly-expa- nded large-hoofe- big-bodi- WHERE SOME OF OUR PORTS COME FROM PERFUMES IM- Milady America paid $4,972,541, during the last year for perfumes, cosmetics and toilet preparations, a fact which has led to confused speculation by mere man as to what she did with them. The- - real romance and adventure in the statement lies not so much in the uses to which these imports were put as where they came from. The sunny isles and lands along the Mediterranean probably grew some of the flowers, others perhaps were plucked by dark Moorish hands in Algeria, and mayhap an animal in the brooding hills of western China gave its life to furnish one constituent of the perfume. The vegetable kingdom is necessarily the most fertile source of perfumes. From its flowers such as the rose and Jessamine, and from its seeds, woods and barks, such as the spices and sandalwood, even the most fastidious connoisseur would be able to select either some simple odor or a complex bouquet. Nor are they for perfumes alone, but for scenting soaps, creams, pomades, and in making flavorings and extracts. Rosemary, thyme, sweet basil, and marjoram are found in great profusion in Mediterranean countries, and here the chemist can distill the whole plant and not bother about picking the flowers. Shakespeare, the unfailing naturalist that he wis, made no error when he chose for Ophelia the flowers she scattered. The lavender flowers in which our grandmothers used to pack the household linen, and their rich old lace grew best In France and England. The rose geranium, which has such an exquisite odor is also grown and distilled in France, but Spain, Algiers, and the Island of Reunion engage in the industry. - Unlike the lavender, however, the perfume of the rose geranium comes from its leaves and not from the flowers. But the country that might well be known by Its scent is Bulgaria, for its rose crop is second only to its tobacco. Over 12,500 acres of land in the provinces o Philippopolis and Stara are given to the growth of roses from the petals of which attar of roses is distilled. In the wonderful gardens at Kazanlik, Earlovo, Klisoura and Stara Zagora, the best of the flowers are grown. About four thousand pounds of roses are produced on an acre of land, but it takes about two hundred pounds of petals to produce an ounce of oil, for an attar which before the war cost about $250 a pound. Roses are grown in other parts of the Balkans, as well as in Asiatic Turkey, and In India, Persia, the Fayum province in Egypt, and in France. The Industry lately has been introduced into Germany. The animal perfumes are extremely limited In number. Ambergris Is secreted by the sperm whale, clvit by the animal of the same name, and musk by the musk ox, the musk rat, and the musk deer, which is found In the high Himalayas, Tibet, and eastern Siberia. About 15,000 ounces of musk, usually in the grain form, are annually imported to the United States from China and India. Musk has one peculiar and almost inexplicable characteristic. One grain of it kept freely exposed to the air of a room, will impregnate the atmosphere for ten years without sensibly diminishing In weight. Za-go- ' fortunes fall; Who sows a field, or trains a flower. Or plants a tree, is more than all. -J- OHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER. s THE TREE PLANTER He who plants a tree, He plants love; Tents of coolness spreading out above. Heaven and earth help him who plants a tree. And his work its own reward shall bo. t t JOHNNY APPLESEED He shambled to the pearly gate Crazy was his earthly meed; The gate St. Peter opened straight: Welcome, Johnny Appleseed! JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN K 1 ' K SHADE The kindest thing God ever made. His hand of very healing laid Upon a fevered world, is shade. THESE THINGS HE PLANTS What does he plant who plants a tree? He plants the friend of sun and sky; He plants the flag of breezes free; The shaft of beatity, towering high; He plants a home to heaven anigh For song a mother-croo- n of bird In hushed and happy twilight heard, The treble of heavens harmony These things he plants who slants a tree. His glorious company of trees Throw out their mantles, and on these d wanderer finds ease. The dust-staine- Green temples, closed against the beat Of noontimes blinding glare and heat, Open to any pilgrims feet. What does he plant who plants a tree? He plants cool shade and tender rain. And seed and bud of days to be. And years that fade and flush again; He plants the glory of the plain; He plants the forests heritage; The harvest of a coming age; The joy that unborn eyes shall see These things he plants who plants a tree. The white road blisters in the sun; Now, half the weary journey done. Enter and rest, O weary one! And feel the dew of dawn still wet Beneath thy feet, and so forget The burning highways ache and fret. .This is Gods hospitality, And whoso rests beneath a tree Hath cause to thank him gratefully. . What does he plant who plants a tree? He plants, in sap and leaf and wood. In love of home and loyalty And far-cathought of civic good. His blessing on the neighborhood Who in the hollow of his hand Holds all the growth of all our land. A nations growth from sea to sea Stirs in his heart who plants a tree. THEODOSIA GARRISON. st 1 K PROSPECTIN Up the mountain and through the burn We climbed. An mongst the brush an fern, An old man drove his maddock home, An slapped a tree in the gapin loam. Mornin, Father, whats the game? "Plantin trees, the answer came. "You dont spect to live to see The standin timber do ye, say? He looked reflectin, down the hill: ! TEACHINGS OF THE TREES What is the wisdom taught of the trees? Something of energy, something of ease; Steadfastness rooted in passionless peace. Largess expanding in ripeness and size; Shadow that shelters the foolish and wise; Patience that bows neath all winds of the skies. N Uprightness standing for truth like a tower; Dignity symbol of honor and power; Beauty that blooms in the ultimate flower 1 t HENRY THAYER e ' THE MOUNTAINSIDE TRAIL Its makers have vanished. The Trails mostly banished Encroaching the highway, devouring the rail Soon only in story Will be its wild glory Yes; only in story the Mountainside Trail. -J- OHN DICKINSON SHERYAN. t -- DAVID H. WRIGHT. n n WE DIE, WE DIE The great trees call to each other: "It is come our time to die, my brother. And through the forest, wailing and moaning. The hearts of the pines in their branches groaningWe die, we die. Listen! WILLIAM HENRY DRUMMOND. Study of Instinct. It Is ' a matter of some dispute Just to what extent the actions of animals are determined by pure unreasonIt has been stated that ing instinct a frog will snap at any small moving object regardless of its character, and of hunger or satiety. Some experiments seem to Indicate that the frog is capable of greater discriminations than has been credited to him. Thus, for example, a frog was offered - ANNE McQUEEN. , LEETLE LAC GRENIER Lettle Lac Grenier, shes all alone. Back on de mountain dere. But de pine tree an spruce stan evrywhere Along by de shore, an make her warm For dey kip off de win an de winter storm. SIMMONS. ft ft ft PLANT A TREE If when I am gone Thou wouldt honor me. Then plant a tree. Some highway, bleak and bare, Make green with leaves. So radiant and fair And full of leaves, my monument will be. So ever full of tuneful melody. My monument will be A sight most rare Trees planted everywhere, A highway broad from city to the sea. Plant this in memory of me. g -- STEPHEN But, thunder, some un will. --J. R. "Wall, no. verdure to upland and glen; Graces compelling the praises of men; Freedom that bends to the' eagle and wren. Life-givin- s ? H H n BALSAM Pillowed on my breast, be sure You shall find for care a cure; Charm and comfort, cheer and calm. Balsams blessing, bliss and balm. . hairy caterpillars, which It promptly seized, and with equal promptness spit out again. But after about four to seven such injudicious attempts the frog had learned his lesson, and thereafter refused similar In another experiment earthfare. worms were so connected with a source of electricity that the frog received a shock on touching the worm. The frog duly devoured the prey, and showed no sign of discomfort. However, he refused for seven days to touch another earthworm. Similar FRANK DEMPSTER SHERMAN. ly, the frog would be taught to avoh worms in which oil of cloves had beei spread, although such doctored pre' was not spit oci, but only digested Look at Things Calmly. Much depends on personal attltud One who is antagonistic to or prej diced against a thing fails to get whj good there may be in 1L One who is a receptive mood generally obtaii the most benefit Men cheat thei selves oftener than they are cheat, by others.