|Paper||Rich County News|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Rich County News|
THE RICH COUNTY NEWS. RANDOLPH. UTAH - 4 0 - Chemists Take a Wallop at Old H. C. L. NSPECTI0N hides of sharks, chemists assert, will assist in cutting the cost of leather The cost of living millions of dollars. Yep! Delegates to the American Chemical societys recent convention gave their word for it Heres whats going to do It: Lithaponepone. Tilaneum. Malic acid. Calcium magnesium. ' Charles L. Parsons, secretary of the society explains: Prohibition, in destroying the n ine industry, also removed the supply of cream of tartar, which was extracted from deposits in wine casks. Chemists, however, have discovered a method by which malic acid is drawn from benzine and used as a substitute In the manufacture of baking powder. Then, again, the chemist has kept down the price of paint. Successful experiments in tanning poorer farmers. By Mr. Cottrells discovery arsenic is recovered from smoke from copper smelters, and this has made it possible for chemists tj substitute calcium magnesium for lead, reducing the cost of insecticides. A new fuel fluid of greater heat value per unit than either coal or fuel oil was described by Jerome Alexander, a New York chemist. The paper declared the new fuel utilizes coal waste and cheap tars, these Ingredients being dispersed in fuel oil by colloidal action, and that the addition of a certain fixing agent, whose nature Is kept secret, results in a fuel which combines the valuable qualities for heating of both oil and coal. Peat, lignite, cellulose waste, sawdust and similar inferior fuels may be utilized in the new process. It said that the new fuel could be piped, stored, and burned virtually as fuel oil is, and that as a fuel for steamships It is virtually double the value of either coal or present forms of fuel oil. Mystery Surrounds Russian the $1,000,000 MYSTERY surrounds as the Russian embassy, on fashionable Sixth street. Gossip has It that behind those imposing walls poverty exists, that funds are running lower and low er. Tales are being told like that of a dentist bill which was paid with one of the fleet of automobiles formerly the personal property of the late czar of Russia. Antique furniture is being disposed of to pay expenses, It Is said. What government do the present occupants of the embassy represent? Whence comes the money for Its maintenance? Is it true that the state department is about to order them to get out of the embassy within a certain time? To none of these questions has a conclusive answer been given. It Is known that an Investigation Is under way to determine who what government or person or persons Is the owner of the embassy building. It used to belong to the czar he personally held title to such Russian government buildings. But the czar has long been dead, it Is believed. Does the building revert to the czars personal heirs, or to the Russian government? And if the latter, what Russian government? These questions puzzle state department officials. Embassy YOU ever seen a bald eagle the American eagle, our national emblem? Yes? Then you dont need to be told what 4 a thing of beauty and power he is. No? Then take It on faith, from those who have that there is no more impressive living thing than an eagle in the air. ' Well, there are not many American crowded eagles left. Civilization has h, out what it hasnt killed off. iffatf gun in the hands of the ordinary and give him a chance at an eagle and 99 times out of a hundred the ordinary man will shoot. Why? Apparently just for the sake of killing. Thats what a guns for and thats the way the ordinary man is made. The writer expects to have it brought up to his credit on the judgment day that he once had such a chance and didnt shoot. Most, of the American eagles that are left are in Alaska. And now in Alaska the ordinary men are killing off the American eagle for the sake of a flfty-cebounty. And the United States government which governs the Territory of Alaska, is in effect paying this bounty. Naturally, there. Is protest against this most surprising state of things. J. H. Davis, secretary of the publicity committee of the American Museum of Natural History, New York city, sends out a protest in which he says: Much has been written in deprecation of the permitted extermination of the wild pigeon. Formerly found In almost Incredible numbers in some parts of the United States, the species was utterly wiped out by unrestricted shooting and the destruction of its nests. And so rapid was the process of its extinction that the bird had vanished before the public realized its need of protection.' A similar fate now imminently threatens the American or bald eagle our national emblem and one of the most beautiful and magnificent of our native birds. And by a curious irony, the destruction is being accomplished at public expense, as provided in the bounty law passed by the territorial legislature of Alaska on April 30, AYE The present incumbent of the embassy, Boris A. Bakhmetieff, came here as an ambassador from the Kerdispossessing government, ensky George Bakhmetieff, who represented the czar. As there is no Kerensky government now, Boris Is an "ambassador without a government And, needless to say, neither Kerensky nor his followers can maintain to day such an expensive establishment Kolchak and Deniklne adherents are supposed to have supported the Bakhmetieff embassy" for a time. The question was put baldly to one of the attaches: What government do you represent?" That Is a long, complicated question, he evaded. He finally said they represented the antibolshevik forces in Russia. Uncle Sam At War 100 Years Out of 145 during those 145 years are as follows : The war of the. Revolution to the war with France, fifteen years three months; the war with France to the war with Tripoli, nine months; war with Tripoli to the war with Great Britain seven years and one month; war with Great Britain to war with Algiers, Tunis and Morocco, about one year; war with Algiers, Tunis and Morocco to war with Mexico, about thirty years and six months ; war with forces of the United States Mexico to Civil war, twelve years and ARMED been engaged in some sort ten months; Civil war to war with of warfare during 100 years out of Spain, thirty-on- e years and eight the past 145, or 69 per cent of the total months; Philippine insurrection to time, according to figures presented Cuban pacification, four years and to the house by Representative Kahn three months; Cuban pacification to of California, chairman of the com- Nicaraguan expedition, three years and five months; Nicaraguan expedimittee on military affairs. During the 145 years since the be- tion to Vera Cruz expedition, six ginning of the American revolution months ; Vera Cruz expedition to MexIn 1775, the United States has been ican punitive expedition, one year and engaged either In civil or foreign wars three months; Mexican punitive exfor almost 38 years, or 25 per cent of pedition to world war, two months, the time, said he. We have had one making a total of about 107 years year of such war for every three years peace out of 145. He said we bad had our army ocof peace, considering the years of Indian warfare and minor disturbances cupied on one kind of warfare or anas peace time. other for a period of two years of The lengths of the peace periods warfare to one year of peace. (HE HASlfr L05T India Now Fixes World Price of Silver was expended in the United last year $80,000,000 for WHAT SHALL I PAY- -? old ornaments, as against $51,000,000 a 1918 and $38,000,000 in 1915, n Charles W. Henderson, for the United States survey. This amounts to $21,000,000 more han the gold mines of the country reduced last year, he says. In the rst ten months of last year there was old in Paris 7,200,000 pieces of gold nd platinum jewelry and 23,300,000 Is world headquarters for gold, silver liver pieces, as against 3,200,000 and platinum ornaments. Since Great Britain legislated the old and platinum pieces and J7.000,-0- 0 silver pieces in 1913. The price of gold standard for India, India has old in France has increased trom 0 drawn the balance at the rate of s In in gold and francs per kilogram to 6,800 sliver, so that now India is draining rancs. Within the last few months the the world of both gold and silver, and Jolted States has secured 90 per cent the price of silver in the world def the gold and silver exports of the pends upon the price of silver in India. It is his belief that silver will remain irortd, 250 coming to this country from about the present price .of $1.20 for and other Germany France, lelgimn, ountries. Malden Lane in New York many years tq come. rHERE de-lar- stat-itlcla- geo-agic- al three-quarter- ized in consideration of the birds natural longevity and strong powers of flight, which make It possible for a single individual to be seen rfpeated-l- y over a period of many years and Pt in widely separated places. . Up to the present time, the only region where the bald eagle has maintained encouraging numbers has been the coastal region and large river valHere it did breed leys of Alaska. In numbers surprisingly large for a bird of its size. But the Alaskan bounty law, which provides for the payment of 50 cents for each eagle destroyed, although It went into effect only on April 30, 1917, had already, by April 10, 1919, resulted In the killing of 5,600 eagles. Moreover, the bounty seekers have undoubtedly not confined their depredations to Alaskan territory, but have extended them Into the British provinces adjoining Alaska, taT order to swell their gains. It Is possible that by this time more than one-haperhaps more than of the entire species have already been sacrificed. If action is to be taken, it must be at once. For protection, to be effective, must come, not merely before the species has been annihilated, but before it has been so reduced as to suffer the weakening effect of inbreeding or the failure of the scattered individuals to find each other and lf three-quarte- raise ' In bald eagle Jas never bpen an abundant species. Estimates of its numbers have generally been greatly exaggerated. It is only on the basis of the occupied nests that its real numbers or rather its real scarcity can be estimated. Computations base'd on observations of the birds themselves are obviously unreliable. For, conspicuous by its size and habits, and by its preference for coast regions and large rivers over remote forests and mountains, it Is very apt. to attract considerable attention, and the same individuals are doubtless seen .again and again. This will be real Honor Among Thieves Also have , heard the expression, honor among thieves. I have heard It many times, but I have never heard such a good illustration of the phrase as the one given me the other day by Lieut Com-- ' mander Thomas Mott Osborne, warden t the Portsmouth naval prison. You young. view of all that Is knownnaturalists of the habits of this 1917. The- one-quart- er 3,-0- EXPORTER Federal Certificates of' Importance aa They Guarantee Shipments Meet - Requirements. 1 goods. About $1,000,000,000 in farm products have been lost each year because insecticides,' made chiefly of lead compounds, were beyond the reach of the WASHINGTON. AIDS - by In- The general Indifference to the fata of the great bird of splendid tradition is due, beyond doubt, to the common lack of information regarding its threatened extinction. The situation calls for the widest publicity. The sheer vandalism of the destruction of the bird should be checked, and checked at once. The crusade for its protection should enlist the enthusiasm and sincere effort of bird lovers and bird 'students throughout the country, of our scientific and patriotic societies, and of the public press. It Is only by the prompt passage of a federal law protecting the American eagle that our national bird can be saved from total extinction. Let me renew the adjuration of Capt. H. V. Shoemaker of Pennsylvania to do what you can to stop the slaughter of American eagles along the Alaska coast, a writer says in the Saturday Evening Post. By reason of the government bounty offer 5,100 eagles were killed In eighteen months. This Is an absolutely unnecessary waste of life. have killed some of the ( "Eagles young foxes on one or two fox preserves on Alaska lslaiids, though they have never destroyed the wild foxes of Alaska in all the centuries they have lived together. ' Eagles do kill a few salmon and eat a few that are found dead, but in no wise do they imperil any salmon .fishery. They may kill rabbits now and again, but in no sense have they been destroyers of wild game. For the most part they hang along the coast and live on fish life. A dead whale lasts them a long while. There is no reason on earth why these bald eagles of that species which we have been proud to call the bird of freedom, of that species which we have put on our coinage and our seal should be destroyed Under a bounty offered by any branch of the American government It was Capt. Shoemaker, by the way, who so far as I know was the first man to put into print the belief that the best protection of game, did not consist in any officious war upon the enemies of the game on the" part of man himself. Capt. Shoemakers conclusions were that under the old laws of nature the strong specimens survived and that the best development of any species was in the midst of its natural enemies. His theory, bolstered by observation, is entirely against the modern proposition that you can save quail or grouse by killing xrows or hawks, or that you can save trout by killing pelicans. It is but a feeble defense' that wild game can erect out of its increasing knowledge of man and his deadliness. The mallard learns to dive in three feet of water instead of six Inches and so uses more open water, but he is not safe. The covey of quail learns to lly to the densest swamp on the covey rise, but it is not safe. The sheep go to the highest mountains, the elk to the farthest fastnesses of the mountains, but they are not safe. Transportation and invention on the pnrt of man have outrun all the resources of our wild game. So it comes simply to a question of whether we wnnt it or dont want it. the hostility to the offensive bird, eagle In Alaska is based rather on misinformation and ignorant prejudice thnn on any real damage done by the birds. The tales of Its ferocity and destructiveness to game or domestic animals are for the greater part pure fiction, for the rest, usually gross exaggerations. Moreover, it Is the demonstrated policy of the United States department of agriculture wise from experience to discountenance bounty laws fdr the "extermination of birds of prey.. Much money Is spent each year In the control of harmful rodents whose Increase Is favored by the deFor our struction of such birds. American eagle there is the added plea of Its patriotic significance. And finally, as it Is a migratory bird, the right to destroy It cannot be claimed by any state or territory. Like most of our other migratory birds, it should be protected by the federal government particularly as the effect of the Helpfulness Its Own Reward. Never let yourself worry as to protective law's adopted for its preservation In most of our states is be- whether those you help will be suffi ing annulled by the action of a single ciently. grateful. Think of helpfulness ' as its own great reward. territory -- ' Since the commencement of our mutual welfare league among the prisoners, said he, we have had fewer escapes than ever before, although there is more opportunity to escape. Once, however, a fellow with a long He was caught .and term escaped. him and he asked I saw back. brought I me to give him another chance. dont know just what to do with you, I said; youll only try to escape again. Warden, said the prisoner, Ill not try to escape again; you have my word for it? , it now. Will you shake on x We shook hands and I knew he would keep his word. He never tried to escape,, for there is honor among thieves. Boston Post African Bird Sweet Singer. The Cape canary is the only native bird of Africa that is well known for his sweet and continuous song. He is to be found even In the Orange River colony, which is otherwise devoid of song birds. An illustration of the important service which Inspectors of perishable food, representing the bureau of markets, United States department of agriculture, are able to render exporters, is found in the work recently done in connection with the shipment abroad of 4,000,000 pounds of butter. This butter was destined for one of the European countries, but because previous uninspected shipments had not come up to specifications, the exporting house, to protect itself against further complaints, requested United States government inspection. This insured delivery of butter of the quality called for in its contracts. The bureau of markets inspectors were called on to certify the grade of the butter which was held in Minneapolis, Chicago, Boston, Philadelphia and New ' York warehouses. These are the points at which butter inspectors are regularly stationed. The Inspections were made as requested, and such lots as did not come up to the stipulated score were withheld, while the rest was started on its way. From this incident it appears that federal inspection certificates are proving of value to exporters, since they guarantee that the shipments concerned fully meet specific requirements an important factor in promoting foreign trade rela turns. Likewise, the Industry as a whole benefits from federal Inspection because through it the produce obtains favorable standing in foreign markets. COWS REPAY GENEROUS FEED Animals Take Raw Materials and Work Them Over Into Mille Die--v poto of 8hirkera The cow must be regarded as a sort of living machine. She takes the raw materials given her In the form of feed and works them over into milk. If the supply of proper materials Is small, the output will be small. The cow that will not repxy generous feeding should be disposed of and one bought that will. There are, of course, certain Inbred characteristics or natural qualities which even liberal feeding cannot overcome. BALANCED NATION FOR COWS New York Farmers Feed Oats, Giluten, Bran and Cottonseed Meal In Combination. A balanced ration for dairy cows, used largely by New York farmers who feed silage, hay and some corn fodder for roughage, consists of 200 pounds ground oats, 200 pounds gluten, 100 pounds bran and 100 pounds cottonseed meal. Considering nutritive value it Is about the cheapest ration a farmer can buy. TAKING CREAM TO CREAMERY Should Be Done Early in Morning and Not Lees Than Three Times a , Week in 8ummer. Deliver the cream to the creamery or cream station early in the morning, and not less than three times a week during the snmmer, and twice a week during the winter. Protect the cans of cream from the sqn by covering with canvas or with en route. CREDIT a wet sack while IS GIVEN DAIRY COW Food Value of Milk In One Animal Equal to That In Bodies of Five Heavy Steers. Professor Haecker and. Professor Eckles of the station, after years of work upon this problem, report that the food value in the milk of a good dairy cow in one year Is equal to the food value In the bodies of five steera weighing 1,100 pounds each.