|Paper||Hill Air Force Base Newspapers|
|Rights||No Copyright - United States (NoC-US)|
|Publisher||Digitized by J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah|
|Paper||Hill Air Force Base Newspapers|
6 Hilltop November 2, 2000 Powwow celebrates Indian, AlasEcan heritage month by Senior Airman Russ Martin Hilltop Times staff The American Indian and Alaskan Native Employ- ment program celebrates November as National American Indian Heritage Month. A powwow will be held at the Officers Club Nov. 15 from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Tickets are $8. An American Indian arts and crafts giveaway will be held by the subcommittee during the festivities to honor the base personnel for coming to share their culture. A powwow is educational, colorful, spiritual, sharing and fun, according to Jacque Laursen, program director. With the huge influx of people from Sacramento and San Antonio, we believe this years events will be huge. Within the military community, Alaska Natives and American Indians contribute their talents in every aspect to the expeditionary aerospace force. In 1990, prior to Operation Desert Storm, some 24,000 American Indian men and women were in the military. Approximately 3,000 served in the Persian Gulf, with three among those killed in action. One out of every four American Indian males is a military veteran and 45 to 47 percent of tribal leaders today are military vet- erans. Today, there are more than 550 federally recognized tribes in the United States, including more than 220 village groups in Alaska, and some 250 tribal languages are still spoken. The event is a great opportunity for everyone to learn a little more about the American Indian culture, history and way of life, said Larsen. Weve (the American Indian and Alaskan Native Employment Program) spent a lot of time organizing this event. Michelle Bowman, a young Navaho girl, will perform Indian sign language to the Old Song of the People and Cliff Eagle, locally renowned American Indian performer, will conduct an Indian drum performance, according to Larsen. Tickets are available by calling Laursen at Ext. Linda Brown at Ext. Maryann Camden at Ext! Gwen Davis at Ext. Diane Ingle at Ext. Tyron Kolb at Ext. Tyrone Aranda at Ext. Arce Martinez at Ext. Art Martinez at Ext. Rick Martinez at Ext. Nova McN-abat Ext. Norma Opheikens at Ext. Debbie Robinette at Ext. Marilyn Walker at Ext. Kathy Wayment at Ext. Greg Boykin at Ext. Bonnie Page at Ext. or Master Sgt. Dick Knudson at Ext. b Sacagawea remembered as translator for expedition Eventually, she was sold to a French-Cana- by Jacque Laursen American Indian and Alaskan Native of the country was essential, While Lewis journals make very little - dian fur trader named Toussaint Char- bonneau. The Lewis and Clark Expe- , dition had camped for the winter at Fort Mandan J?? mention of Sacagawea, Clark carefully detailed her contributions to the success of the journey. He stated her knowledge of the terrain and mountain passes saved - Employment Program Director With the marking of National American Indian Heritage Month, it is important to note the accomplishments and deeds of one of the most famous American-India- Ty in North Dakota, which is where Charbonneau n f f X ' women in history, Sacagawea. was also spending the L The Shoshone lived in Idaho, parts of winter with his pregnant f Utah and parts of Northern Nevada. It is wife, Sacagawea. believed that Sacagawea was born in EastWhen winter broke, Char-' ern Idaho, which is now Salmon, Idaho. .bonneau was hired to guide Lewis and Clark due to his knowledge of Everything about Sacagawea is mysterious from the correct spelling and meancountry where he trapped. He was of to her the circumstances specifically instructed to bring Sacagawea, name, ing with her baby boy, Jean Baptiste, for a num- surrounding her death. At about age 10, Sacagawea was captured berofreasons. First of all, the presence of a band of Hidatsa a woman and baby would establish the (a Siouan tribe by raiding that originated along the Missouri River peaceful nature of the party. Secondly a in North Dakota) and carried her to their N ative translator and negotiator with knowl- camp near the border of North Dakota. edge of the language, customs and tribes , X 1 ,9''' "7j( ! weeks of travel time. Her ability to speak and negotiate with Native tribes allowed the expe-' to keep fresh XX dition horses and food all '' :? along the way. When , X' X & fXX - $Xix" 'V ishment. X food was scarce, Sacagawea gath-th- e ered and prepared roots nuts berries ' and other edible plants in order to provide nour- - Clark was so taken with Sacagawea and so concerned about her welfare at the hands of the abusive Charbonneau, that he pro posed taking her infant boy to St. Louis to be raised in safety. For her efforts in making the expedition successful, Lewis and Clark named a river Sacagawea in her honor. From here, history becomes cloudy. Its known Sacagawea did take her son to Clark in St. Louis where he was raised as Clarks own. Shoshone oral history states Sacagawea eventually met her son again in Wind River, Wy. Sacagawea spoke French, wore a Jefferson Medal around her neck and was a political speaker who spoke at the meeting, which led to the Fort Bridger Treaty. Because of her many accomplishments she was responsible for raising the Native American Women to a new level of respect and admiration. She has been honored even more by having her likeness, with her infant son, placed on the new U.S. dollar. fef Best HerSfsEa Restaurant u, v ' r eLove Co r- - r-3i- n ? uui&ji A r tr f n ... md) TAKE-OU- T Clive C. Ingram, D.D.S. 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