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V AM FARM Ik t i AGRICULTURISTS. Piiii I .f Urn oil KurtK ul! urr, llli.t and A Imut 1. I W f I di'af- TO INTEHCST ,CF 41ATTEet3 jan.e GAUDEN.i?,.. I.rn-t-i tin' as v; j tree or pan- - I m .tituiture tt.nl I be u CiU ).: ! .. ! nutated ii.to lviic O I'::. - ainl tl n int roi'.K-- ' ,1 iu tliS- ahealthy stock thui producing tht i. as is done with t '" ;. ,n;ua!s or th- - tire I. - V in the ... ii f . 'J h.it the coli'liUon av ui"trees onty ana apj viiii cm one or o'hc-tie' ai aff.ci.J luier, is the i, 1 pi ('. f of its contagion, for ull goneral-trees will die sooner or later, ery arears, unh-.-!y within 15 al Of lllelil oi a many grown, tally I contain t j be the vellows. appears , . - .! that the digging out oi trees result cau-- e from whatever, rnu.t in the imiJi'uvei condition of orchards anywhere; that the trees remaining will na'urally receive more care and attention and eo:is rpient ly w ill improve more rapidly than if the same amount of care were extended ovr a larger number of trees, but that this and d is no proof that contagion has been prevented by this treatment. The Improvement in the orchards of Michigan since the peach yellows law was enacte l has come, I believe, moie from the increased intelligence aad idull of the growers than from the influence of the law. The orchardists iu that section groiv their trees mure carefully and skillfully than formerly, chemicals instead of stable tiny manure, plant only on soil well adapted to the growth ot the peach, and fully understand that it does not pay to grow peaches on weakened trees any more than it does other fruit, under the same conditions, and especially tu when young and vigorous trees can be grown up to fruiting size in three or four years. These causes alone are sufficient to account for all the improvement reported which could have been brought about by the growers themselves and nearly all of the expense attending the execution of the provision of ths law saved. Some credit may be given the law for this improvement, but a great principle is involved that should not he violated and many believe such laws unconstitutional because no wrotig has beea proved. , f -' i di.-.f-- - i.iii j that f (.n-- ' Knows plants r n i i ' r their n,.?. ... lu t v consider able amount oi wa- that they suf- a 7 !h-'- u-r- : W 11 . lt .V-.- v ,i. it J.-. hiiHU-ifi-- t V It s.n-m- .... ... ." certainly i present ui quantity. to bo r'er- - .,. in as food, i 'UOie plant '.t ,t is required t, .. i u an-- lor the of h.tiutl other food mi!. stances. well as for maintaining t!e of ill' physical condition t.ropcr w f !'-isKiics. lint therf ar' a id' ns who have any adequate whieh is of the, vast amount of wat'-dliHorhed ly plants from the .soil, liven those wliorfe tiuslues.s 1h to l arh what is called "Jiotany" In thr-- Hchoolt; rarely know what plants do In lain and the mime may 1j saal of tlKWP whose husinesti is to frow plants, to cultivate thrni, to inamme soil and BtirroundinKa so aa to obtain the l'Kt the lahor bestowed. The results facta are remarkahln. and may w'H f-- ui-- exi.-te- u.-,- astouihh all who bccomn acquainted with them, liclicvins that eticU may bo valuable to some vho may here gain an introduction, the writer taken pleasur.' in pu form ing Iho ceremony. In tlm uvsi 1""ordi may bo stated that h ave.s in th" 110 nary health .state alnorb little oibeen wntef from the all'. I lOTi much uiffcrenco of oidnioii upon this not noint. and even Kcientbt have sprinkle Mardenertf nimn it. thf leafv nortions of pi antH with which watfr, and say that the revival at l. avcs proves takoH place in wilting once that the. water is absorbed. Not unfrequently the Htatcnient is niac that Held plants (such as maize) revive at night by abnorbing throimh the deleaves and stems the dew which Is Renewal of Small l'rtiit l'lats. wilted them. Certainly posited upon and fresh Will it pay to continue strawberry plants do recover their healthful appearance when copiously beds more than one year? That deshowered with water, (hough not a pends much on the condition of the bed u at the close of the drop reaches Urn roots. Certainly fruiting season. If field of corn In a dry time presents a the ground Is rich, the rows well filled conspicuous enough difference of ap- out, the crop light, and nearly free pearance iu the middle of a hot after- from grass and weeds, it will then usunoon and the, early morning after a ally pay to continue one, two or more dewey niht. But do these things and years. If, however, plants are exothers like them show that leaves hausted by a large yield, and grass and water? A little attention will weeds have been allowed to grow, it tdiow that they do not. If the. llorist will be more work to place old beds will take a plant whoso leaves have in condition than to new ones. prepare begun, to droop on account of the want If to be discontinued, plow at once and of water, and will place it under a sow some late crop for feed or fertilho may .soon poo that, Rlass To renew old beds, mow off plants. ity. without the addition of water at all, As soon as dry burn over, reduce rows the leaves become plump and assume to six or inches in width with eight their proper positions, as when copiRemove all weeds, cultivator. or spade ously sprinkled. AX' hut cau bo the of grass, apply a liberal particle every meaning of this? After a little time dressing of line manure, cultivate and water may be observed condensing keep clean same as with new beds. upon the Inner surfaces of the glass, here is one of the great benein dropH. The air within the Right of fits keeping new beds perfectly clean. vessel becomes saturated with moisa large amount of labor when saves It ture from .some nource, while the beds are continued more than one their are leaves regaining drooping Old beds produce berries a little turgidity. The fact is, that even from year. and second year is often better earlier, while in wilted these the open leaves, air, large quantities of water are es- than the first, when treated iu this caping. If by any means this amount manner. The bearing canes of raspberries and i checked, the continuous supply from should be removed ims blackberries and the roots sioon tills the restores their healthful condition. mediately after fruiting. Cut out ull with small weak ca:.es, leaving only live or When the plant is showered water, this is exactly what takes plate. six iu the hill. The removal of tild It is true, experiments have proved cams leaves no hiding place for worm that leaves may and do absorb water or bug, or eggs for same. It also alihundantly, when they are immersed lows the fre.3 circulation of air and iu the iluid. and it Is also probably frue the sun penetrates the center of the that some water may be absorbed by bush, making canes strong and vigorwilted leaves fron drops adhering to ous with a good development of fruit their surfaces; hut so iar as concerns buds for the following season. The the great and useful supply of water removal and burning of all dead, weak to healthy vegetation, we may unhesand surplus growth is the best preitatingly coucluJe that leaves have ventive against disease, la berry nothing to do with its absorption. growing, remember that good work for None of It renins directly from the air. two seasons is necessary. First, the Atmospheric dew does not $un en- most important, to grow, develop and trance to the tissues. The soil mature strong, healthy canes, vines the water, and the roots take and buds for next season's fruit. Secit up. There Is no other source nor ond, to mature the fruit, which deother organs for the work. It the pends very much on the care and roots send up as much or more than growth of the previous year. Favorable leaves transpire, the latter con- seasons for fruit are of little avail if tinue turgid; if not, they w ill. T, J. the preparatory work has been neglLturrill. ected.-M. A. Thayer. ab-s- ves-se- vulture hoc abundant, all ambiance k or still fcaiLn itii !hou.II OUR BUDGET OF FUN. avoijtd. INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOP OUR RURAL HEADERS. -- t ANU POULTRY. a i I ultiia-li- MIRY ye'.'.owa. peach ef the disease iiti the ji.ebJ introduced SOME GOOD JOKES, ORIGINAL la France. AND SELECTED. Latest official r( ports give France 1G'3,7C7 bheep, of which TjIAVA are How Successful farmer Operate TLi rams, S.GiJl ,01Jy wethers, S.tioU.OTT ewe. Th Teiidraef Toward tha Classic la I'tirm A Few 3,C90,Ci.' of yearlings wethers and ewes Our l'ulillo A Hint a to th (are of Lite .Stock and 4,9'JS,Co2 are lambs. It would seem That Made the lluy Will un feoua a from the above that the French peoand 1'oulti. He Urard It. ple have not gone daft on baby mutton, but have a wholesome respect for there is anything big, well fedvery The New I'uihreUa. which furnish a wethers, of the large the signs of the mutton for the faspart P?VV With her first um- times bays Live tidious French taste. And strange as Stoc k Indicator, it may seem to many good Americans, ft t! She walked abroad who think Merino mutton unfit for the they certainly wara like any queen, , rant the conclusion table, the Rambouillet Merino furShe Field it proudly R ............ A'Xr that the cattle bus- nishes the choice cuts for the most exAj!llir-its handle. 7,'lL'Nf iness is undergoing clusive tables and daintiest palates iu stroked its sheen. 'iVaKS and ill this land of accomplished cooks and a very general t irl moie gay. e n u l n e itoi u. good livers. rom the stand Dear Klla! point nf the breeder Caieles llreedlnc Stoppcl. isueh a wee umlirella! the prospects are letter than they have One day iipon th P.retdevs of Jersey cattle must remarkel-pic.e- e been for years, nor is the encouragemember that the new rule about "bred I niet htr: dripping were lir uurls. since ment entirely in prospect merely, in pasture" says that don't go, sajs She looked, despilw lier sunny face. the sales that are taking place from Home and Farm. If you want to regisThe must forlui a of Units girls. and con- ter a calf that was born nine months week to week show u , "Win-tinuous stiffening of prices with a very after May 1, Sa7, you must give tae Where'sKilnyour new umlirella?" marked increase in demand. All the exact day of service. Iiuils are no Bald I: "the .storm lias drenched your hah-beef breeds are bringing good figures longer allowed to run with the cows Just see your frock! just see your hat! for cattle of both sexes and all ages. in the pasture provided you wait to And what is this you hug with ciue? h Market cattle of good quality and dethe calves. This will be a register A broom, a. fiddle, or a cut?" are also doing well for their feed- cided hardship to those who have tosvi ers, while the (leap stuff . without pastured at a distance and to poor Oh, Kllal With tier first umbrella! men who work away from the cows She looked at me and breeding or capacity for taking a shyly spoke,' are losing about as much money it will be so hard to tell just when they The on her yet; pelting need the bull. This new rule will " have it hero beneath my cloalc. for their owners as usual. The marBecause, you see, it might get wet!" ket conditions all declare with renewbreak up one very bad practice that 1 Agnes X.ee in St. Nicholas. ed emphasis that there is a profit In have seen two instance of lately good cattle and little or none in scrub that is, running an old bull and a Know the I.tiiiguage. " The range outlook is very young one together in the field with the promising, losses during the wlntor cows. The rule, of course, is to attrihaving been kept fairly low, and while bute all the services to the old bull, Ir-'riti- I. d st.-ady- l . - l lin-is- un-Is- h rain-dro- "pick-ups.- ! V x o V . 'mAm ! School Visitor (after the teacher's prize pupil, little Johnny, has recited at race horse speed, his favorite piece beginning: "Atmiunight innes scardei teutthe Sturkwas dreamnof thourwen Greaserknee nsup)liance bentshd trem-bla- t spower!") An unusually bright scholar, Miss Rushem; yes, indeed, it is a pleasure to hear him. I didn't know you taught the ancient Gaelic in this school, but I am pleased to see that you do, and that your pupils ar making such rapid progress la it. Truth. oi dew-lik- e leaf-cell- fur-nbh- es ! M ( f"'-l- A CliririiEP WlliMva. Below Is Riven the Ideas on poach yellows In Farmers' Hulletin No. 17, by prof. Frwin F. Smith, the government specialist and perhaps the best authority on peat h yellows in the country: Thete lias been much speculation respecting the nature of this disease, inasmuch as climate and soil do pot teni able to originate a plainly communicable malady, and no fungus, bacteria or animal parasite has been identified as the cause. At present peach yellows oems nearest allied ti that phenomenon in plants known as variegation. It is now recin many ognized that variegation plants is a disease manifesting itself In stunted jrrowth, Imperfect assimilation, hastened development and feeble vitality. Moreover, in n number of plants, e ft. jasmines and abutilom, thl condition Is transmissible to healthy stocks by budding or grafting Alfalfa.-Alfa- lfa Is gradually ing in favor in sections grow- farther east than the arid and semi-ariregions where it Is so largely relied on for forage. The extension is proceeding ir a safe, conservative way worthy ol encouragement. First prepare the soil deep and thorough, ami keep down the weeds. Good results are obtained from frequent high mowing, leaving the cuttings on the ground as a mulch, in the selection of the soil care should be taken not to choose land where the plant will stand with its feet In the water nor where the water comes near amount ot Bml tho surface. Th-ranges from 12 to 30 pounds ptr acre, few sowing as little as tho first named quantity, unless intending to grow seed chiefly, and not many growers sow as much as 30 pounds. Ex. d Tho Bermudas export over pounds of onions annually. 000 17,000, In His Oneen. J captain in a regiment stationed when his Natal, company one paying day, chanced to give a man a Transvaal which, as one would naturally expect, bears "the image and subscription" of President Kruger. The man brought it back to the pay table and said to the captain: "Please, sir, you've given me a bad A half-crow- PAIR OF BUFF COCHINS. l, 1 .p .("'V-V-- the number to be marketed will b short, the quality is such as to afford rompetitioii of a pretty active kind for good native cattle in July, whew, the range season opens. The feed conditions on the ranges will be Quite favorable, and the rather limited number that will run on them will have a tendency to send them to market in very superior condition. The range cattlemen have been for the past two or three years paying large and increasing attention to their breeding. They don't regard anything as too good for them, and it would surprise most readers if they did but know how large has been the number of car loads of pure bred bulls that have gone West this season. This policy Is having a very decided e fleet upon the cattle that will come fro oi the ranges this season, and, as each season paose.3, the impress of pure blood will become stronger, so that in the future, in all years when they have feed on their ranges, they may be expected to be strong competitors with the market cattle grown on the farms. Standard Varlitlm of ChW'krn. Cochins. The four Cochin classes are very popular with breeders. They are second to the Brahma classes in tho meat breeds, weighing but a pound lighter than the Light Brahma. Old and experienced breeders of Cochins are pronounced in praise of their qualities as profitable fowls, they being hardy, good winter layers of rich, brown, medium-size- d eggs, and fairly good table fowls. The chicks grow well and develop rapidly under proper care, The Huff variety is the most bied of the Cochin class; their soft, mellow, buff tone otTers'an attraction to fanciers that is hard to resist. Iu color the ltiitT Cochin, male and female, are of a rich, (leept'ciear buff, uniform in shade throughout except the tail, which should he a deeper buff or bronze, undercolor same as surand face color, hut of lighter shade should extend to the skin. n breeding select females as near s possible to the desired shade of buff, 03 ree trom dark or white In wing and tail and of as even a color as can be. To such females mate a cock of deeper shade, with some little black in wing, and tail of deep buff of a coppery liistcr- - Thls mating will produce good results la cockerels and pullets Tho heavy leg and foot feathering characteristic of the breed should have constant care and attention. While the feathering cop-pcri- sh which is taking great liberties with tht right of the Jersey Cattle club, to ssy nothing of the chances of giving a purchaser the wrong pedigree. Such recklessness in breeding is absolutely criminal, and yet I have seen two men who stand well with their neighbors guilty of this act within the past month. You must get up your bulls and build stalls for them with a small lot or paddock attached. This is fhe sensible way to breed, anyway, so that you know when the cow is duo, and ycu can feed, dry her off and generally handle her with some intelligence, every man ought to use a bull that is so good that neighbors for miles around will send their cows to him, for a fee, of course, ranging from $1 to $5; in some instances a great deal higher, and enough to pay the cost of keeping the bull. You want your bull in hand for this work, so everyone will not turn In to him and neglect to pay. lie-side- s, Culling th Chleken. In England the calls chuck, chuck, or coop, coop, prevail; in Virginia, in Pennsylvania, pee, pee. This latter call is widely employed, being reported from Germany, Spain (as pi, pi), Bulgaria, Hungary. Bavaria and the Tyrol. In the Austrian province the term is used in combination, thus, Pulla, pi. pi; the call pullele, pul, pul! also occurs there. Jn some parts of Germany the poultry are called with tick, tick; in Prussia, put, put, and young chickens with tuk, tuk (Grimm), and schip, schip, the latter being an imitation of their own cry. Iu eastern Prussia hens are called with kluck; also tippchen, tipp tlpp. Grimm record also pi, pi, anj tb-tiet. Weinhohl reports from Bavaria bibeli, bidli; pi. pul, and pul, pu. n Denmark the call Is pootle; In Holland, kip, kip; In Bohemia, tyoo; in Bulgaria,' tiri, tirl. coo-ch- coo-ch- e, e; kluck-sohenjduc- n, half-crown- ." The officer took the coin, and, without looking at it, rung it on the table, and then remarked: "It sounds all What's Bagster. wrong with right, it?" "You hike at it, sir," was the reply. The captain glanced at the coin, saying: "It's all right, man; it will pass in the canteen." This apparently satisfied Bagster, who walked off making the remark: "If you say it's a' right, sir, it is a' right; but it's the first time I've seen the queen wi' whiskers on!" A Strange "Iphlgenia," exclaimed the infatuated man with a trembling voice, "a strange, wonderful feeling comes over me that we have gone through this experience before. Can the doctrine ot tho transmigration of souls be true? Are we merely reincarnations of beings that lived ages ago? If not, how is this to lie explained? Oh, Iphigenia. does not this marvelous consciousness impress itself upon you? Do you not remember now that far back in the dim and misty past I told you of my love, even as 1 am doing now, and you lis" tened farorably to my "Why, surely, Roger," interrupted the lovely Iphigenia. "have you forgotten that we were married and divorced ten years ago? I was your fourth, you know." Exchange. AO Should Think S.i. ' k. i t by which Is generally meant vegetable mould, is too pour in fertility to warrant carrying far or much handling. As for mixing it wifi stable manures, we would not advls6 such a practice, as the manure without the muck is none too efficient. There is ono partial exception to this rule, When a heap of manure is fermenting, it saves the waste of ammonia to throw over the pile a small quantity of mould, and this when the heap is turned must be mixed with the 8tabl manure. Ex. Muck-Mu- ck, vrge-tabl- e i I g "-T- m M. I), (to anxious mother) Your son's case is a very simple one; wo will open his back, take out his spine and lay his lungs and heart bare, inject hia liver with an acid, and insert a silver wire at tho base of hi3 thorax. We will then sew him up neatly, and you'll ne surprised at the change it'll make! Truth.