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NORTHWEST NOTES. James M. Kinsr of the Sand t'..u!e Montana coal work va- rim over b on engine and killed. A report cuuies from Fergus enmity, Mont., of the sale thereof 3..VW wethers at S3. delivery in the fall. Rurnie Meed, the Missoula, Mont., lad who was injured at his father's ranch some time ago. is still in a semi conscious condition. An investigation at Helena into the affairs of the State Keform school shows that each inmate costs the tax payers S;i4 per month. i he f rinds of Miss Agnes Short at Great Falls. Mont., are worried she has not heen .seen for a week and a search has been fruitless. She complained of being ill aud was de upoudent. The Missouri river has been up high of late and the ferryboat could not b operated at I'earmohd. Mont. In try ing to swim a hunch of NX cattle across over forty were drowned and it vas given up until the water could re cede. The Fourth was a great day on the Flathead reservation in Montana. In terest centered in the race The owner of each horse, and their friends bet blankets, whips, etc., and piled up the goods on each side of tha road near where the race ended, tha - 'J.-- ,, he-cau- se five-mil- e winner taking away both amid the greatest excitement. pile!) Richard Vine an employee of thft Parrot mine, at Rutte, who live with his wife and child on West Quarts HERMANS Thr I'rUnnrr of st Stratf-tnl- New York. OR H HAMILTON In I". 1.".. A speeial to the Herald from Ottawa, gives addional details concerning Rev. James Hamilton, now in jail at Pembroke. nt., aud believed to be Rev. Francis Hermans, who is wanted on a charge of murdering Miss Henrietta Clausen in Salt Lake City in September, IS'.ir,. The dispatch says Hamilton was appointed lay reader of the Episcopal church on credentials which, if he is Francis Hermans, were certainly forged or stolen. He wanted to be ordained, but the bishop would Dot do so, nor would he renew bis license as a lay reader after the year expired. If Hamilton is not Hermans, he answers the description in many ways that he could pass for Hermans. The prisoner is wonderfully reserved. He makes no complaint of any kind, and simply declares he is not the man wanted at all. He says he is James P. Hamilton of Stratford, Out., and he has papers that seem to bear out that story. He has thus far neglected to do anything hiokiug toward his defense. 1 GARDEN.' AND lluii.Ulou Ontario. , July ,lUie FA1LU f INTEREST OF MATTERS AGRICULTURISTS. Hint Some I llelJs Soil of the tiou Horticulture, culture. TO ,,. Tl..-.-,- - t aori. ItU-uK- XT ! 1.1,11 . "uueun on weeds by Prufcissor Toumey, jusl js. "1- 1 station, Tucson, the following nients st:it(i. arc made re- specting ncs: Weeds are either foreigners or iu- t'ves. 1. e., they have either been t ought in during development of the agricultural or are indigenous the country, plants capable of adapting them- -' stives to civilized conditions, capable of migrating from the mesas and valleys to the cultivated fields and there reproducing themselves. Among our weeds of foreign origin are a number of the most injurious with which we have to contend. They are usually Committee to Inrentlgate the Sugar Trust. more cosmopolitan in character than our native species, are capable of withWashington, July 1.1 Representative greater variations In climate Simpson of Kansas has introduced in standing and will grow upon nearly all kinds of the house a resolution directing the soil. After being once introduced they speaker to appoint a committee of five usually spread with great rapidity and to investigate the sugar trust. The in a few years are more abundant than resolution is preceded by two where- many of the native species. As illuases, the first of which declares that it strations of such weeds may be menis "currently asserted'' that the Ameri- tioned Johnson grass, bull mallow and As yet we have far more can Sugar Refining company exists in purslane. weeds than we have of native species violation of the law against gigantic of those of foreign origin, but as the monopoly and that such a corporation territory becomes older In respect to ''by the use of watered stock, by unfair agriculture, many of the native species street was killed while trying to board a car returning from Columbia gar dens. The momentum of the rush for competition to an extent which gives a car was so great he could not stop it the power to depress the price of the and he plunged between two cars to raw material and to advance the price the track as the train started and wa? rf the manufactured article at will, thus throttling the cane and beet agcrushed. Thomas Shanton, the ranch riculturists with one hand and graspman near Laramie met with quite i ing the purses of the consumers with old-tim- e serious accident while on horseback He was thrown or fell from his horse and when found was unable to help himself, lie was either kicked in the face or fell on his face, his nose beiDg broken and his face permanently dis figured. Iletween thirty and forty head o! starved western cattle died in the cars at the Laramie stockyards. They were from the burned ranges of Utah and it was thought by their owners that, it would be possible to get them to a good range before they died. George M. Lee, assistant librarian of the Denver Public library, while ridinc from Denver to Cheyenne on a wheel with his wife, was attacked by a sav age dog at Fierce station. Lee was badly bitten in the thigh and lowei part of the leg by the animal before its owner could get it away. Mr. and Mrs. Lee continued their journey by train. Charles Rrown, a miner employed on the Tom Boy at Tellnride, Colo., was blown up in that property while pick ing out a charge in a hole which had missed fire. His right hand was blown entirely off and the right side of his face and body were badly cut with particles of ftying rock, which will likely result in losing the sight of his righl eye. John T. Sueath of Fort P.enton,Mont. has just completed a Missouri rivei craft of somewhat novel construction. boat of regulation design It is a but is fitted with a stern-whearrangement for the purpose of upThe wheel will stream navigation. be worked by a sprocket chain attached to a lever movement within the boat the motive power being furnished by human muscle. A coal miner named Worcester, partially intoxicated, was refused a ride from Florence to Canyon City, Colo, when the train pulled out, and when it was runuing at a rate of ten miles miles an hour, Worcester made an attempt to board the train, but fell between the moving cars and the depot caught hiiu plarform. A from the him and pulled away ((iiickly wheels, else he would have been He was badly ground to pieces. bruised. A very mysterious killing occurred nt Harrington's well on the Mesa road miles from Florence, about twenty-fivColorado. Lose Mendes and a littlo girl were alone in the house for a few moments, while several workmen were A pistol in the immediate vicinity. from within the heard house, was shot came out with' child the running then men the When rushed intc a pistol. Meudcz on found the house they the abdomen the and shot through floor, in the agonies of death. He died befor( statement could be se an cured from him and the child was una We to give a rational account of tin matter. 22-fo- el e ante-morte- will practically disappear and their places be taken by foreign ones, which are constantly being brought in through the importation of impure seed and otherwise. Among the most injurious of our native weeds are nut grass, spiny aster, western dock, pignut, sunflower, cockle bur, horse nettle the other."' and beggarweed, while there are a half The committee is empowered by the score of others nearly if not quite as resolution to send for persons and pa- injurious in special localities. pers and to investigate the methods of the company; its effect upon agriculWeeds not only impoverish the soil, tural and commerce, "as the necessa- but they shade aud occupy the ground ries of life," and is directed to report to the detriment of other plants. We jts findings ami if facts warrant it a are all familiar with the serious effect bill instituting proceedings by the of spring weeds on the growth of nearly all kinds of crops produced in marattorney general in quo warranto to ket gardening. How, if care is not annul the corporate, existence of the exercised, they choke the slender trust. onions, just from the seed, aid cause the young beets and parsnips to be THE TARIFF BILL. come pale and worthier Weeds are The Kntanirloiur nt In Ku h That Settlement hardy plants and in tlfilr struggle for Might le Indefinitely Prolonged. existence, unless checM torce to the which it Washington, July 1,1 The conferees wall the more tender plants Is man's province to Srow and cultion the tariff bill found themselves apvate. weeds aid in the dissemparently further apart than they were ination Many of fungous diseases. Root-roat the beginning of the conference one of the most plant diseases There is no immediate prospect of of Arizona, la injurious largely spread by the agreement, and more than one member scattering of spores, bicl1 correspond Infested stated that the entanglement was such to seeds in higher plants. that the settlement might be indef- weeds aid the spores in making their or from one culinitely prolonged. They stated in a way from tree to tree Some weeds tivated another. to plant very reserved manner that there are are common Our stock. to injurious numerous questions of difference, but squirrel tail grass, abundant in soils refused to go into details, even to Impregnated with alkali, frequently other senators and members. Nothing causes serious injury to sheep and othcan be learned, although there have er stock. If the heads of this grass are been partial agreements, until sugrar. eaten when dry, the hard, sharp awns lead and lumber can be definitely dis- not infrequently penetrate the mucou3 membrane of the mouth and cause dan posed of. A number of plants ulcers. gerous The best reports represent the house indigenous to Arizona, mostly belong conferees, with Speaker Reed behind ing to the genus Astragalus, are known them, as holding out for the house as loco weeds from the peculiar effect sugar schedule, without any change that they have, when eaten, upon near whatever, and the senators are quite ly all kinds of stock. At various times determined not to yield to this extent. much discussion has arisen as to the The house conferees insist that this poisonous principle found in these weeds. Many experiments have been schedule must be definitely fixed bemade and extended investigations car fore other questions shall "us again ried on, but the results have been contaken up. flicting. Decoctions, made from them have been fed to animals, anu me Reservoirs lSurst CaiiKlng Kuln and Death. have chewed the weeds without any Poughkeepsie, X. Y., July 1.1. The apparent effect; again, stock have been two large reservoirs in the Fishkill fed on the plants aud evidently died mountains, which supplied water to from the result. Locoed rattle are not the towns of Mattewan and Fishkill, uncommon in Arizona and it is the burst their walls and the water that universal opinion among cattlemen was released swept through the Dutch that these weeds are the cause of the disease. ess va''ey, causing ruin and death. Five bodies have been taken from Unclean seed has more to do the wreckage left in the wake of the the distribution of weeds than all with other flood, and there are known to be two causes combined. These are brought and probably three, more lying some upon our farms In garden and field where beneath the tilled debris. wli!d, seeds from foreign countries. Russian is all that remains of three houses that flaxseed is responsible for the introduction of the Russian thistle which were swept away by the torrent. first appeared upon a single farm and tow covers over forty thousand square Nebr;il,n .Vitiomil Hank rails. idles In the United States. Alfalfa, J The Washington. uiy comptroll beet, turnip and other field and garden er of the currency has received a tele- seeds imported from Europe are the grain announcing the failure of the potent cause for the contamination of Nebraska National brink of York, Xeb. our lands with farm weeds. Nor are The bank's capital was S.lo.iwo, and ac the farmers of this country at all parcording to its last report, it had ticular in saving their seeds, fields deposit s of ST r.fHK) and borrowed containing weeds often being set apart for Reed crops, insuring tho foulest money amounting to Sl.l.ouo. aoeds In many cases. And then in the Mckinley Suspend leeland' Order. purchase of seeds, the farmer is not to buy pure seed only, but tareful 1.1. Washington, July President Me- the dealer offers him. whatever plants lia,s issued an order suspendinc Kinley are done away methods these Until the operation of Clevewe must expect to have new perlth land's order consolidating the pension nicious weeds constantly appearing agencies of the country, and reducing hmong our crops. their numler to nine from eighteen. t, 1 .1 indi-vldu- al Ctf Individuality. At oup experiment station, during th past four or five years, I have devoted nearly all of my time to one suba D,,r, cuuntry weekly published In ject, and that is cost of production.o Mississippi, )ias iJ0Cn impressed with I started out in this work in a sort w of this tendency in that general way, thinking perhaps would some that information could s;af get with its advantages to the People, it SilyS that the fertility of the shiT? "he farmer what it would cost to ""ii is so great that a man having from make a pound of butter. Fortunately, fcn to forty acres can raise on less we had a very mixed herd at St. An'ban half of his land all that his fam- thony Park. It was composed of variily and stock require, and can put tho ous breeds of cattle and various types. remainder into cane, the proceeds of The work was carried on for one year, weighing every ration before it was which will be a surplus. The old plantation mode was to raise only one crop, given to the cow, and then making a ::d with the cash obtained from the record of that ration. When the cow sale of that to buy corn, oats, hay and was milked, the milk was weighed and tested for fit, which you see involved a '.neat. No one should wonder that After this work the operation of this system the great deal of work. one year, soma had been on carried for upon a plantation increased to make their curious facts very began from year to year. The Harrison counthe We appearance. compared editor holds that these large places ty Shortthe with the Jerseys, must he cut into smaller ones and sold to thrifty farmers before full prosper- horns with the Guernseys and the naand tried in that way to get ity can return to the South. He states tives, some results as to what was the best the ruling prices for land in the South Simare now such that a Northern farmer breed; and what wa3 the result? certain this: show The that figures with his land mortgaged for half or ply cows of any one breed would produca of this value can sell his much better results than others of th equity for enough to buy and fully pay ame breed under exactly the sami for the same number of acres of equalconditions; so nothing satisfactory ly fertile laud in the South. from this comparison. After thi year's work was completed, and I Need of l'ur Food I.uw. noted this peculiar variation between) The agitation of pure fowl regula- the different cows, the question arose, tions is one of the most important why does this cow produce butter fop things now before the American peocents while that one charges us 18 ple, says Northwest Horticulturist cents? Why does this Holstein proAdulteration is carried on to such an duce butter for 9 cents, while the other extent that It Is almost impossible to Holstein charges us 17 cents? Why procure pure articles for daily use, and does this Short-hor- n produce butter as a natural consequence unadulterat- for 12.2 cents, while another Shorted products cannot be sold in compehorn charges us 18.2 cents? Instead of tition with the less expensive frauds. pursuing this course further, we adoptBecause of the adulterated articles tiold ed anether plan, making two divisions as canned and preserved goods, jam- of the herd, putting the cows that ming establishments will not pay. Th'e charged the most for butter on one raspberry, blackberry and strawberry side, and those that charged least fop Jam of commerce are greatly adulterbutter on the other. On the one Bid ated and sold at prices which drive the were Jerseys, Guernseys. pure jams off the market. Fruit grow- Ilolsteins and natives; and the same ers and consumers are both injured. was the case on the other side. Wt The former find no canneries operat- found that the cows that had a tening to buy his trait, and the latter if dency to lay on flesh, gave on aa buying jams and jellies at all find them average 267 pounds of butter fat per annum at a cost of 13.8 cents per of uncertain values. State horticultural societies should take up lie agi- pound, while the spare cows In the tation of pure food measures and unite other group gave on an average 337 on some bill proposed for a national pounds of butter fat at a cost of 11.6 pure food law, and have it pus'ued cents per pound. I also observed that some in the group of spare cows did through as speedily as possible. not do as well as others as to the amount of both butter yield and the Orchard JlKjiene. cost of production. Examining the Drouth and weed growth, acaompa-nie- d beefy I noticed similar variagroup, by low vitality, have mada trees tions, and, after carefully comparing exceptionally subject to borers and in the record of each animal in the herd sect troubles, says an exchange, Ab a with the annual yield and cost of feed, rule trees that are Infested ara those I noticed that the greater the inclinathat are low in vital power, and there tion to lay on flesh, the greater was the is probably no time when insert pe3ts tost of butter production. To further need more attention tor their extermi- carry on Investigation in this line aud' nation than at present. It this can be have It cover a period when an exact accomplished by spraying and the use record could be kept of all feed con--- , of all ordinary precautions, such as sumed by each cow, an accurate reccleaning out all trash, dead limbs and ord was kept during the winter of the giving the general "redding" up that amount and kind of food consumed by all cultivated trees should receive ev- each cow and the amount of milk and ery spring, and a season of good butter fat produced. In summing up growth follows, double advantage will the winter's work, variations similar be taken of the insect pests. It ib a to those observed in the yearly recfact that insects colonize and Becure ord were noticed; this Is, that as a genlodgement in orchards, and if this Is eral result, the cow with a beefy tenprevented on the start they ara not dency was shown to be les3 profitable nearly so injurious as they will other- than the spare cow, but there were wise become. A liberal use of strong variations in each group, and the next alkali washes, with soft soap solution, point to be solved was why this variaaum-mtion. I found that the dairy value of a applied in the fore part of the a cow was not in every instance measway long go and early spring and with spraying and cleaning up will ured by her tendency, or lack of tendo much to prevent insect difficulties. dency, to lay on flesh, but that there were other conditions bearing on the Insects in Oranges. No one Is problem. By this time we had lost all to find a worm In an appln and interest in breeds and breed le3ts, for occasionally in other fruits, but it is a we began to see the question of ceo is surprise to learn that the orange get- nomlcal butter production involved as well as the rest fundamental principles underlying and infested be to ting The Florida Farmer calls attention to governing animal nutrition. Prof. T. the fact that worms have been found L. Haecker. In orange grown iu New Mexico. The Strawberry Weevil. la some Monthly says: "The worm in of the country this little pest entomolosections the the orange is named by Is doing a great deal of damage. It is as So far has ludens. gist Trypeta one been discovered it has not been found not a hard ene.ny to conquer when must to but knows the remedies it use, in the in any of the oranges grown not be treated like weevil on plums, different parts of the United States, it is said to be getting quite as the fiuit is so soft and ripens so to use arsen common In the fruit grown beyond our early that it Is not safe is a very weevil ical The poisons. Mexican border." small black beetle, not more than a tenth of an inch in length, and can Fruit Soil. Owing to its easiness cultibe found in great numbers on the blosis which it with ease and the a for som stems of the plants; they puncthat long vated, it was natural be ture should steni3 just below the bud or the soil preferred time fiandy thus But it Is becomblossom, causing It to wither and grower. fruit the by off. underdrained hellebore mixture used The well fall ing understood that worms or currant will also prove for worked be can nearly heavy soil3 A mixture of and these insects. for these soils, as sandy as early quite elein threu of hellebore white ounce mineral one the in are much richer be of the water will essential are that food right gallons ments of plant in perfecting fruit of any kind. In strength for this use. Glue is often many of the winter fruits the easiness added to cause tho liquid to remain beof ripening on light soil becomes a dis- on the foliage longer, one ounce ounce helleof each for advantage, as it makes late fall and ing allowed of varieties that, bore. The hellebore mixture being so early winter fruits heavier on soil, should be easy to prepare, Is oftener used, but when grown either remedy will prove a sure cure, kept in good coudltion until spring. licrnice Haker. In Vick's Magazine. Ex. Skull tumii in the Sooth. increase in the number of small i.irnis is attracting attention all ov South. The Harrison County Ban lidu-atiuti- un-ii- er Hol-6tei- ns two-thir- ed Short-horn- s, er Bur-pris- ed Mee-han- 's ch u? Clean Appearances. It is not enough Neglect of the Orchard. It is a sethat butter be clean, it must appear rious mistake to let the orchard take The butter that you take tl caro of itself, as so many farmers do. clean. with an old rag or customers your Ii the crop of fruit lessened iu over It tied be Not only piece of linen not be an maymat- quantity, but also the keeping qualieasy clean, but It will ties and flavor are affected. The tree ter to convince them of It Retter to Itself shows signs of starvation, and the which costs but buy parchment paper,You wood Is not properly matured, will thus be new that. use and little, yielding quickly to the attacks of all able to keep your trade. People are kinds of pests and diseases quite th eager to get butter they particularly know to be clean, and are willing to pay for the cleanliness. same as the anlmnl system suffers from a lack of proper nourishment Ex.